THE DAILY MISSOULIAN
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MISSOULIAN PUBLISHING CO.
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TUESDAY, MARCH 4, 1913.
That best portion of a good
His little, nameless, unremembered
Of kindness and of love.
PARK TO PARK.
It is not too early for the coln
missioners of Ravalll and Missoula
counties to take up the perfecting the
park-to-park highway and to decide
what amount of work they will do
this year upon this propl,(sdt ltoute
across the state. Each season, we, be
lieve, should find some of this work
completed in permanent and sclentific
manner. The plan developed in this
way will construct the ideal road
which is desired. In Itavalli and Mis
soula counties this scenic overland
way can be made the central artery of
the commercial roads; it will not be
a route for pleasure-seekers only; it
will ,be a practical road in a practical
direction for the farlner who wants
the best highway he can get for mar
keting his products. in the case of
Ravalli and -Missoula, the park-to
park proposition becomes an added
incentive to good-roads endeavor, as
it fits In with the practical as well as
the joy-ride idea. We hope the coIm
missioners of the two Bitter Hoot
counties will continue the Vlwork
which has beten so \\-ell started.at Th.I
liavalli leolmle have to conshitr tm.
tGibbon pass crossing, whlich is an
added responsibllity, but tiley are to
have substanttial aid front the fores
try department. Also, they will at
tract inuch Big ihule businelss to their
Halley. Thim matter should be taken
up scientifically and systemlatically
Women klnowl, better thMian 111n-l,. how\
cruel it lnay be to destroy Ietters
which have not reached thlir d.estina
tlin. They ,wait, uore than ntm-n, for
the call of the pIostllman. They" set
greater store oml llmesstages frmin alt
sent friends and relatives. Timhey un1
derstand, to the fullest degree, what
bitter pain maly be caus-ed by the de
struction of loniged- for altd sorely
needed help sent through tltl, mtails.
It is with clear perceptlon of the
consequences of their acts that tthm
suffragettes of L ,ndonll and other
Tiritish clities Ipour sllllhllrim- tcid and
ink into matil boxes tio omlil-rate artd
destroy thie letters containted withllln.
" I.ey cannot maake aIny discriminatio:tln.
They do not know whether th111.\ ar
causing trouble in busitnes- otr are
preventing a husband from reteivilng
a message which calls him. to his sick
wife. Friends of equal suffrage are
as likely to suffer as are its f..s.
There is no mercy for any class orer
Modern man reads with horror tf
the cruelties of certain how\v erfull
women of ancient times. lie lihas
heard of the relentless savagery of
later queens like Catherine of Russia
and Catherine de Medici. But mod
ern man has liked to believe that the
women of his day are linder and mnore
considerate. He has told himself
that they had naught in common with
his own cruelties, and that they
might well serve as the guardians of
Unless Governor Stewart's influence is strong enough to
turn the tide and unless the governor uses that influence
to best advantage within the next twenty-four hours, the
surrender of the house majority--pledged to support the
governor's platform recommendations-will be complete.
Whether or not the governor intends to interfere, we do
not know. But from the side lines it is easy to see what
will happen if he does not.
As the turfmen have it, there was a complete reversal of
form in the house yesterday. After having the situation
well in hand, the democratic majority yielded yesterday
almost without a struggle and last night found the senate
bi-partisan combine in control of the field, with the reform
measures secluded beyond any possible invasion's reach.
If we were not familiar, here in Montana, with the power
and the methods of the bi-partisan combine which is the
visible agent of the invisible government, this situation
would be surprising.. But we have seen this power and
these methods so often in evidence that we are not sur
prised any more, whatever happens. So there is a large
membership in the I-told-you-so class this morning.
The result of yesterday's proceedings in the house made
it certain that the record of the Thirteenth assembly will
be a do-nothing record, which is exactly what the combine
expected it to be and which is precisely what the whole cam
paign of the combine has led up to, for sixty days.
We say this is certain. There is one thing which can
save the day for the democratic pledged majority. That is
the influence of the governor. Should Governor Stewart
decide to make an effort to induce the lawmakers to carry
out their solemn pledges, there might yet be some change
in the situation. Yesterday Representative Day made an
earnest plea to his party associates to stand by the gov
ernor and their platform. This plea went unheeded. It
is up to the governor now and perhaps even his personal
endeavor will not save the situation.
From the start, the position of Governor Stewart has
been consistent. His message was a recommendation that
the democratic majority carry out the pledges which his
party had made, in common with the other two parties, for
state reform legislation which is in no way partisan or po
itiical. His influence, as far as we know, has been steadily
exerted toward the carrying out of his recommendations.
He showed the way to party triumph by the establishment
of a record for performance.
Yesterday, Governor Stewart witnessed the abject sur
render of the men upon whom he had relied to carry out
this program. Perhaps he may yet save the day, but it
looks as if the people's league would have a busy season
after the assembly adjourns.
.lnt shrine of mercy and tenderness
But now he knows better. Though
he llay lmake reservations as to his
ow\\n women folk, hle cannot forget the
reflned cruelties of the vwollten w',i
wilfully delstroy thouwitnds of letters
int London mail boxes because they
don't like the poully of the go ,ven
Ihi ring tile past few ,weeks Thi
Missoullian has prillted cotildieral le
nrw'vs regarding thie i-apllaligll for all
extensionl of the dairy business in the
Blitter Root ansd the Mission valleys.
Thls camlpalgn is leading upl to tile es
tiiilslIhIe[nt of creanerlies upon1ii an
approved basis of co-ioperationi. The
first step, of COurse, is to get tilhe
cows. It is all indisputable iact thllat
a creamllery cannot be ruln withiout
cows, land It takes a lot tof cows. Ii
thle Bitter Hoot, HIamilton banks have
I.ndertaken to aid the farmlners itn illl
I',ws anld inl ivncreasing th.e numllbeiltr.
In thle 1Mission valley, sMr. Beckwith
i: lmade a proplosition which has
tilde it possible for every wortly
farmer to secure good cows anlid to
lrallge so that the ctWs will pay for
itiiultsi-.a1. '!'he, commendiable spirit
it, ihich these backers of thile propo
sitilon hiave acted Is fine; it makes it
possible to get the creamery projects
iidetr waly lore illickly than would
be possible uller any. otheltr lplan, land
it evldencies a tdlslir to assist In the
developmenlet of this regionl alon g sub
The .i'ilsis, it is said, w\ill aset
I lace for simplicity in style. ThIe
unxiety felt by Waslhington milliners
Is not sliared by the parenllts in tilhe
B-etw\een t le alexiclanLs iand the ple
counter brigade, Dr. W\Vilson doesn't
seel likely to get Iis regular iamountII
of sleetp for awhlile.
'Tie suffragists wantl to abolish the
tit', "lMiss." 't'hat rests largely with
Ithl:uselves there aire usually plenlty\
o.f \illing letll.
i'hao-liiu-l'hu w\ ill represent
Neitw York c.liinese at the PI'eking
ctngress. What a finle mnileage Ill
i.e a ill have.
IBut ithe marcll to, \Washintgtion
taught the suffragists soanethllig In
regard to tile prolper sort of shioes to
'"lhe fact that Japan has canlllet
troublesI, is one Inure bit of evidtence
that she is civilized.
Tile hiking suffragists forgot all
about the blisters yesterday. Glory
is a soothing balm.
General Felix Diaz doesn't want of
flee. He would rather preside at a
The weather man is trying hard to
hold his job. Today will tell.
This morning we write it "presi
dtnt-elect" for the last time.
By Frederic J. Haskin.
When a handful of poverty stricken
weaver:, in lEngl.tJ, ctrugglia.; under
't,: burdens of the high cost It lv';ng,
organized the Roas'hdale ('o-operative
soclety, they little reckoned that out
of their action in the face of dire
necessity would grow a novenement
broad in it. aspects and far-reaching
in its results-a movement destined to
benefit millions of their fellow men,
helping them to get tihe necessaries of
life at prices they could pay. Where
there existed in. .England, after their
organization, a small society which
could buy a few hundred pounds'
worth of goods, there exists today in
the United Kingdom co-,perative so
eltehes having ai total rllllnbershipti of
3.000.,00 heails of families. The activ
ities of the societies reach and effect
every phase of production and clon
siIrmptioIn, extendiLg to the banking,
insurance, cretdit and bIultling associ
ation fields. Exclusi.e of these latter
activities, their total produc.tive and
distributive\ tra'd, rcalchies the enor
Inousl totail of nearly three quarters of
a billion dollars annually.
'The retail Ibusilness of theli'e co-opeir
ative slelties inow It m1lunts to ntearly
$500,0t.0()0(o a ear. 'llhe capital of
these retail or'ganizatis amounllllts to
nIlearly $200,000,000. Imore than half of
which is is invested otherwise than in
the s.cie-ties' o0wn undeltertakilrgs, most
of it being usedl itn assistlllg to fin.ince
tihe great 'Io-ope11rative wholesale so
eletlies and rnllulfacturintg estabilsh
ilt'llts. Another $40,0l11),00 0 is inv\ested
i Iln house prolprty held for rerltal or
in process of sale to it ll ,-elbers.
'The ulk of the c--o1perative busi
ness of Eniglalnd is dou, by societies
,whlich look a.fter lot ll the rllanufacture
and Ithe distribution of the things
their m 1treior rs cnslilt. There are
sk1Cieties, however, establlished primar
ily for prloduction. Amilong tlhetln are
the corn mill soletiesh, wiLth an aam
nuaJl outliput of Itrllri]y $t1,000,0o0 worth
of corn irtill Ipriltucts. The agricul
tural co-operativa e m.cle-tie- are either
pularchase arid sat- swietiles, I)roductive
s.eioeties, or small hohlingi s societies.
T'ho first klld lire .rstieti 0s whose
aims a, re to Iully anld sell the lproducts
oIf tile Ilentllx-rs most advanl.ltageously;
the sonlld class is made up o(if rit.in
ters \\ho fol'low their daily li.'lupa
iollns as private inldividtluals, using the
society for the cto-operatl,.titu Inllu.
facture (of butter, t'cheese, and othller
prluhlcts from thel Illilk andl other
'olutnodities thley supply. The third
buys and owns nuall lots of land for
The usual English cl'o-operative so
ciety is opel to all cornllrs, with the
single reservationl tiat those InILy Lie
ex'cludedl whose ime ership would
prove a detrimenit to the orgarnization.
The shares in these societe'l s are tl. t
ally fiv\'e dollars each, anid in somllle of
them such shares mIlay be acquitrell
simply ,by dealing with the society as
ia noll-nlielllter, and lettintg the profits
accumlnulate until Ithey equal thie
Irice of a share. The usual rule is for
them to be bought on weekly or
quarterly payments. A dividend of 5
per cent annually is usually allowed to I
the holders of shares, and any profits
over and above this are distributed to
the share holders, and the custoniers.
Some distribute a part of the profits
to the employees. Some of the agri
cuRtural societies distribute a share of
the profits to those who supply the
In the usual co-operative society in
England each member is entitled to
one vote, whether he be the owner of
one share or a dozen. Its affairs are
generally administered by quarterly
meetings, and a special committee,
elected by the shareholders, manages
the ,business in the meantime. There
are few salaried positions. No diffi
culty is encountered in securing
enough capital; indeed, there has to be
strong insistence that the companies
are run for the benefit of the con
sumers rather than to afford returns
to investors. The law provides that
the societies may receive deposits up
to $100 from any one person, and they,
,therefore, act as sorts of savings
banks for their members.
An interesting index of the costs
antd profits of retailing is to be had
from the reports of the retail soc
tiles. Upon a business of 70,000,000
pounds, the gross profis were 16,000,
000 pounds in a recent year. From
this it will be seen that the wholesale
value of the year's trade was approx
irnately 54,000,000 pounds, and that
even under the best form of co-opera,
tion the margin between wholesale
and retail prices was approxinately
30 per cent.
Periodically each society balancet
its books and finds what profit it has
made. A meeting of the members is
then held and it is asked how the
surplus, after the interest on the
shares has been paid, shall be dis
tributed. Usually there are certain
reservations for the reserve fund, the
charity fund, and the educational
fund, and then the remainder is dis
tributed among the punchasers, so
much for each $5 worth of goods pur
chased, shareholders getting twice as
much as non-memibers, of whom there
are few. Each purchase carries with
it a metal ,tag which is evidence of
the amount purchased, and the divi
dends are based upon the value of the
metal tags a man holds. The average
rebate that this brings is about 13
cents on the dollar. Many of the so
cieties have come to advocate selling
as nearly at cost as possible, so that
the poorer mem'bers will not be so
long deprived of the use of the money
their rebate tags represent.
In some sections where competition
is not heavy, retail prices have been
kept up, the theory being that the
members will save their dividends,
and thus, at the end of the year will
have more money than they would
have had they bought right along at
lower prices. The div'idends usually
are allowed to accumulate.
While the general principle of the
big co-operative societies in England
has 'been that trading shall be on a
strictly cash basis, some of the soci
eties have 'begun to extend limited
credit to their members. This ten
dency has caused alarm among the
leaders of the co-operative movement,
'so that each natornal co-operative
congress in recent years has debated
the question of how the credit-extend
ing societies can. 1be induced ,to come
back upon the surer ground of cash
While the admin4stratlive work of
I the co-operative societies in England
is entrusted to elected officials, the
'technical and commercial end of the
business is in the hands of permanent
employees usually paid salaries and
wages after the manner of private
concerns. These employees are treat
ed as co-operators like to be treated
themselves. They get a half holiday
each week, and work on an average.
about 54 hours a week.
The two big whqlesale societies in
the United Kingdoml are the English
and Scottish Wholesale societies. The
wholesale societies are the direct out
growth of the opposition of private
traders, who sought to put down co
operation by bringing pressure upon
the wholesalers to force them to re
fuse to sell to co-operative retail
stores. Attenmpts had been made re
peatedly to establish such wholesale
societies, but they failed until they
were projected by federations of re
tail societies so strong that the most
powerful opposition could not prevail
against them. These two societies co
operate with one another. Under a
working agreement they jointly oper
ate and own tea estates in Ceylon,
manuLfacture coc;t1 at Luton, and
bhlnd and pack teas l.a London. The
Elnglish society owns four steamships
which have been completely paid for.
The system of co-operative insur
ance in England is no less interesting
than the system of Imanufacturing
and distributing the commodities used
by co-operators. The ('o-operative
Insurance society does a many-sided
business. If you have property to be
insured against loss it will take the
risk: if a society wants its employees
bonded it will guarantee their fidelity;
and if a society wants to insure the
lives of its melrnbers, the Co-operative
Insurance society is there ready to
write out the policies.
It has a novel scheme of collective
insurance, designed to afford the ben
efits of industrial life insurance and
yet to save the large costs of admin
istration and house-to-house collec
tlon. Ilteh co-operative society pays
the pIremium for all its members, and
this premlium is two cents on every
$4.86 worth of goods purchased by
the member. Without making any in
quiry a-s to the age or state of health
of the memrbe.rs of a co-operative so
ciety, a blanket policy for them all
is provided, and if any one of them
dies his beneficiaries are paid an
amount hearing a fixed ratio to the
amount of his purchases during the
year closing on the day of death.
These policies range from $50 to $500 I
each. A man who purchases a hun
dred dollars' worth cf goods a year
will leave his benteficiaries $500 if he
dies. There are many other kinds of
co-operative Insurance its Great Brit
ain, even extending down to Insur
ance against the loss of cattle and
pigs, there being special societies for I
the insurance of this kind of live 1
Tomorrow: Co-operative Marketing.
XI. In Other Countries.
BANDITS RAID MINE.
Nogales, Arlz.. March 3.-The E;,.
"ijo Mining company's camp, 18 miles I t
east of Pezo, was raided and looted .
Saturday by bandits, according to a t
report received there today from the a
camp manager, G. E. Powell.
OROZCO AND OTHERS
s REBEL CHIEFS TO GATHE'R AT
e EL PASO TO MEET HUERTA'S
El Paso, Texas, March 3.-Repre
t sentatives of the party in power at
p Mexico City and chiefs of various
revolutionary factions In northern
s Mexico will meet here in conference
within the next few days:
s Vested with powers to head a peace
commission representing Provisional
- Pres'dent Huerta, Ricardo Garcia
G0 ranados arrived here tonight. lie
- Imn ediately sent telegramns asking at
i tendance at a conference here to Pas
Scl-al ()rozco, Jr., Jose Inez Salazar.
Emiliano C'apa, and other generals of
t the revolution against the Maderon
_ 'governr'ment. The con terence also
will be attended iby Emilio Vaslnez,
Goimez, nortlhern rebel president ire.
tender, and 'olonel David do la
Fuente, Gomez's supporter. It is ex
pected that prominent politicians from
.Mexico City will attend.
Somie spice is promised at the meet
Ing as Oroz(co and Salazac r, amollng
other things, ldo not agree regarding
the Vasquez Comeinz doctrines.
Despite his declaration of accord
ance with Salazar of Saturday, Gen
Seral O)rozco, at his camp near Ahu
mada, ('hihuahcua, has since intimated
that he has not been in accord with
Salazar since the rebel defeats about
OJ'nmaga last September.
It developed today that the dis
c agreement Ietween the generals of tlihe
f northern rebels arises out of the ful
ture distribution of the public lands
and the estate.s of the Madero family.
General Orozco declared yesterday
he \wvoruld iav-t, tihe land dis:tffibution
ti the i llu rtui gt oiv Iirlillltnt. Salazar
rcer.ntll y il.isnt iti Ilit the government
lands he di:itriblut d at once and that
the 1:liri eIi:i Iate b gl i itn to the
northerl n i'. l ttoops.
c'coiiil PIs':lsllil iirozc~, Sr., father
of lth. rt.hlI gtinral, arrivtl here to
day f roti i Nuc'ni Laredot, atccolmpanied
biy itiearuto i;arzaL Icranlnldos. - They
are cII rlioute to Ge(im'a-Il (Orozec's canmp.
Official tuleicgrclats from Mexico C;ty
toIday give' assurances to northern
pirolprty ovine.rs that a siuh-loan has
Ieenl negotiatecd in Paris by Jose
Liiinttotour, forlluer minister of finance,
iandl that tilte Mexican c'ontral railroad
wouil bhi ipen to Mexicco (I itc within
Thitre is c'onsideratlle disaffection in
thie siat, oif t idalgo and an ultrising
is fecLredl if the fedoral government
falls ito sati isfy the conflicting inter
A committtee of citizens of Hhidalgo
is in tile capital to prefer charges
cagaiin.t tclllctn Itiisales, the governor
elect. lIe is cchargtl with having
graftedt 7i0,00iu pesos anttld \vithl secret
Ing a.rmns anit aommnmuition belonging
to thim goveinrnumnt. The committee
also, clarge HiosaIles with the murder
of oiffi'cers of the rurahle guard, alleg
Ing thait c'arlus VidalI (tumcz, Ra.fael
teyes and Alfonso tiatlcio were exe
cut-dl iyv Itosalis' itrders.
(tentrmill Ahtclito YVcrza zl iais hcen
thntu ciffair. ts r i .
iotr liit: uhtd tuxtile vuvtricers, tvhot
were ileni-td tuc-rmission c to hul a puh
lic dileonstlrltion in Inclnl'iry of ex
Presiltent 1cMadiro, staurted riolting this
afternoun, but weire i lislrt rs~ul e by the
iolitce. f:ctiry, La t'coli a, hts
',cemn ,itositl ,iis ci risuilt, tlie ellltloye? s
dt-liacring i Sthrike.
After the Rebels.
'Mlxio City, March 3.-The war
deplartment dispatched to the north
this afternoon ('olonel Antonio Rivero
in command of an infantry force num
berigqK l0o0. with two field guns and
four machine guns. This action was
taken 1 cause of the activity of a
land of rebels to the north of
Zacatecas, who have irclaimed them
selves partisans of \'enustiano Car
ranza. the rebel governor of (oahuila,
whose headquarters are 100 miles to
the east of thet National railway.
The rebels have burned several
bridges on the Mexican Central north
of Zacatecas. The new rebels have
been dubbed "Carra Naistas."
does more than clean
Gold Dust sterilizes and leaves your kitchen
things sanitarily safe. The ordinary soap
washed utensil is not fit to eat from, because
soap does not cleanse as thoroughly as it
should-does not kill germs of decay which are
bound to lurk in oft-used utensils.
Gold Dust does most
of the cleaning without Opportuni is Knoc i
your assistance, and atYour Door
does it, too, in a
thorough manner than I
will soap or other
Gold Dust makes pot
and pan spick and
"Let the GOLD DUST TWINS
span. do your work"
THE N. K. FAIRBANK COMPANY. Chicago
ELEVENTH-HOUR CRITICISM OF
HARVESTER TRUST ON PAR
WITH PREVIOUS ACTS.
Los Angeles, Mhtarch 3.--George W.
Perkins, fortmerly associated with J.
P. .Morgan & Co., who was mentioned
as one of the organizers vof the Inter
national Harvester conmpany ill the re
port of Conin mTissiont er of Corlporations
(oonant, madoI1 p1ublic yesterday, gave
out the following statement tonight:
"The report issued by thle Taft ad
illnistration, ostellsibly on the ihar
vester compan()I y, is ill reality the part
itlg shot of Messrs. Taft and Wicker
shamn in a fixghtt hat lthy had been
condtucting atgainst Ice ltr lyears in
which they have lIhst ino opportunity
openly and carntestly to fight their cor
"This repIrt of theirs is issued after
thlt gov'ermllenlt ease againtst tlhe hlar
aester conllilllan y chas b(een closed andll
before tile halrvstetr e itlllltcny hils
\vet-r btegulln its dlllense;: issued tl ,fter
thtc Taft "dministraition hal s replat'ct l
ly charged we with :il the t'inles in1
the ntal ogue, in i llto 'tiot.llt with the
har\vester cttli- lHiany, illl d then did Ilo)t
even ciall nln i s L i iit ness in their
:Iase when they e\ . re taki talitg testi
nlonly; und issuing with their full
kinowledge that the supreme co.u ttlrt of
Mlissollri had ibeen over substlantially
tilhe samell qluestilons anld oiti all tihe
moral queltstions invollved haild exnter
atied the har\vester e'ompllnlliity.
"I ill iiuilltetrably olpposed to their
method It, dissolution as a solution of
thie tI'rut uetlstinl. I bhelieve I fed
eral regulation that will telimlllnate tile
evils that thil people compllllalin of,
while preserving the good from which
the people should ben|ef'it."
Mast St. Louis, Ill, March 3.-Chris
tian Sweitzer, 36 years old, land his
wife, t34 years old, atre tledtl, and
Cliton Verllnon, a younig Iman, is dying
as the result of ,Sweitzer's attemlp to
effect a reconelliation tonight with his
wife, from whom lhe has 'been separ
ated a month.
S\eltzetr, who was a livestock op
erator, went to the home of his wife's
sister, Mrs. Caldat Pugetr, with whom
his \\ife w-as staying. He endteavored
in vain to persuade her to return to
him. Angered by Iher refusal, he drew
a revolver and shot her, killing her
instantly. .,ernoln, aL b.oarder who w\\as
in an adjoilning room, rushed inlto the
roo11m where the shooting took lplace
anti Sweitzer fired at himn, inflictintg
I wound which physicians say will be
Sweitzer returned to his own board
ing house and shot himself throulgh
ADDRESED TO WOMEN
Is YOURS A
Case of "Nerves?"
Hot flashes, dizziness, fainting spells, backache, headache,
bearing-down pains, nervousness-all are symptoms of irregularity
and female disturbances and are not beyond relief.
.*,. y5 Favorite Prescription
is that of a famous physician unusually experienced I
in the treating of women's peculiar ailments. For
forty years it has been recommended to suffering
womankind. Thousands of women can bear witness
to its beneficial qualities. Perhaps its aid is all that
Srequired to restore to you perfect health and strength.
(ow is the time to act, write Dr. R. V. Pierce's, Buffalo.
- I AM NOW CURED
S a tae peao in recommendinsg eour wonderlul remedies. a
wll to ibehalf o your 'Favorite Prescription' and 'iGoden
Medical Dssovy' that hrough their use I am now cured of the
various troubles that a woman Is heir to. These remedies cured
Fm whenothe tfailed and 1 therefore essolve to take so other.
1 thank yrou for oadvice."
YOU DRUGGIST CAN SUPPLY YOU
IN LIQUIDOR TABLET FORM a.L RO! t
SMANY OFFICES LEFI
SENATE CONFIRMS APPOINT
MENT OF THREE ARMY MEN
BUT OTHERS LOSE OUT.
Washington, March 3.-The senate
'fended its struIggles over the Taft ap
hwlntments 1by confirming the promo
_ tions late tonight of ('olonels Carroll
SA. )Devol, James Parker and Hunter
Lialggett to he brigadier generals. The
confirmations canme at the end of a
long fight led by Senator Johnston of
SAlahanma, who objneted to ('olonel
I)evol's promotion. With the vote
11pon te a rmy appltintmnents. the
senate enrTleld its (exe'cutive' stessions and
will tank lo further action on any
of the Taft alppointments.
To Pdresidetnt Wilson will fall the
task of filling more than 1,400 places
Mniade vacantt by the refllsal of the
r selnate to confirm at poin tmnents by
I 'resident Taft since I)ecernber 2.
The iplnces tim will beIcome vacant
with the itdjullrlllloent of congrress to
r lrroll \\ nliHn inll lde virtualllly all apl)
pointlients outside of tih diplhnomatic
SeTVice, thl ii'Iy1 , avlly, Ilarine corIs,
andl allied serv'ices.
r Important Positions.
- Many imllrtant pIlit ions are in
I volved in tIhel list. Atmong them are
Stlose of' lEdtar E. ('lark, interstate
'lnlllllnere commllllisSioner: D)r. S. P.
e Nell, commissionelr of labor; the three
ticolllUisstionllrs of the D)istrict of Co
lumllbia; the tline mInpembers tof the new
r 'titntiissioin on iindutstrial relations:
f hristian S. P'ear'ie, to he assistant
treiasurer if the Unitedl States; iV. WV.
\tlWarwick, to Iie assistant comptroller
of the treasulry: Walter F. Frear, gov
rnllr of lin\vaii; Erntest A. Mott
Smith, secretary of Hawalii, and the
exe'ltive cluncilt of Porto Rico.
T''he list iof fetderal Ijudges \iwho failed
of confirmation inchlidedl Richard E.
Sloan, Arizona: John M. ('heney,
l'.hrida; Peter J. lamilton, Alabama,
for Porto Itico; ('llnton \V. IIoward,
'ashlington; C'harles S. Cutting, IIII
nois; ('harle's f'. Mumford, Rhode
Islndtl, district judges.
Fenton W. Iooth. Illinois and Clin
ton S. lHottell, Illinois, United States
court of claims.
W. S. Kingsburg, John A. Matthew
inan and ('harles F. Parsons, circuit
tcourt of IHawall.
The fedeI'ral attorneys in five dls
tricts, ltnite.d States Marshals in six
tdistricts; mIore than 50 consular ap
pointmtents and maniy collectors of
custtoms, stlrveyors of customs and
registers and receivers of land offices
also failed of confirmation.
I The largest list of v\acancies comes
from the list of ipostmnasters. While.
President Taft sent in more than 1,350
postoffle' appllointments, less than a
dozenl of them were confirmed.
CASHIER PLEADS GUILTY.
Trenton, N. J., March 3.-Abraham
L. Betavers, former cashier of the First
Nationatl bank of ltghhridge, N. J.,
who confessed to taking $120,000 of
thel Ilank's Imoney, pleaded guilty today
in the UInited States court. IIe will
lhe sentenced two weeks hence.
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