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THE DAILY MISSOULIAI
Published Every Day in the YeLr. MISSOULIAN PUBLISHING CO. Mlssoula, Montana. Entered at the postoffice at Missoula Montana, as second-class mail matter SUBSCRIPTION RATES. (In Advance) Daily, one month ....... ................... $0.71 Daily, three m onths ......................... 2.2i Daily, six m onths ............................. 4.01 Daily, one year ................................. 8.0( Postage added for foreign countries TELEPHONE NUMBER. Bell ..................110 Independent.. 51( MISSOULA OFFICE. 129 and 131 West Main Street. Hamilton Office 221 Main Street, Hamllton, Mont. The Missoullan may be found on sale at the following newstands out side of Montana: Chicago-Chicago Newspaper Agen cy, N. E. corner Clark and Madison streets. Minneapolis-World News Co., 219 North Fourth street. Salt Lake City-MacGillis & Lud wig. San Francisco-U'nited News Agents. Portland-Consolidated News Co., Seventh and Washington. Seattle - Eckart's News Agency, First avenue and Washington; W. 0. Whitney. Spokane-Jamieson News Co. Tacoma-Trego News Co., Ninth and Pacific. SUBSCRIBERS' PAPERS. The Missoulian is anxious to give the best carrier service; therefore, sub scribers are. requested to report faulty delivery at once. In ordering paper changed to new address, please give old address also. Money orders and checks should be made payable. to The Missoullan Publishing Company. SUNDAY, MARCH 9, 1913. Trust no future, howe'er pleasantl Let the. dead past bury its dead Act, act in the living presentl Heart within and God o'erhead! -Longfellow. PASSING EVENTS For the week the calendar and th weather have agreed. The hillside are brown and steamy, where a fort night ago they were covered wit! snow. The early blossoms have mad their appearance and the birds hayv begun really to sing. The streams ar, becoming turbulent, the gutters are little rivers, the crossings are muddý and the alleys are beginning to shoe the accumulation of winter rubbist which had been covered charitably b3 the winter mantle of snow. The weather man has persistently hung onl the sign, "Fair, warmer," and he ha. made good, even to the extent oi bringing about a pleasant-weather in auguration day in Washington. The legislature has adjourned, its members have come home to mend fences anrd plant new crops. The seed catalogue is the best-seller in the field of liter ature. The small boy has found spote dry enough for marbles and his sister wheels her doll-carriage forth. riThe week has brought a decided advance ir the approach of spring, mleasured lit every sign and by all signs. We en joy the glow of the sunshine and we take deep breaths of the spring air; we watch for sonie new sign and are happy wlhen we find it. But we can not, if we woiuld, ignore the fact that the necessity for houlsecleaning is at hand and that the sooner weV get It started, the earlier we. shall be through with it. The city street and health de partments will soonl issue their spring orders. if we anticilate these direc tions, we shall save oursel\es sotime trouble. HOUSE CLEANING-It is an old saying and one which we are foindl of repeating, that a city \which keet'ps it self clean has nmade the longest step toward good glovernlrrirint, ( 'lean streets and good sideunalks are the badge of a well- managed city. And when the alleys and back yards of a city will pass close irispectltn, then the city is entitled to high rank as a municipality. If the right sort .f municipal spirit prevails, tie people, of a city look out for these things them selves; they d,; not wait to be told; they do their own governing in this re spect; they are the initiative and the referendum, the legislative and ex ecutive, the direct primary and the whole thing. At this time of year it becomes the duty of each citizen to chase back the receding high-water mark of the vanishing slush and to see. that all is clean behind it. There are the ash piles and the other refuse to be removed and now is the best timne of all to get them out of the way. Ev ery city can be clean. Missoula haits the, best chance in the world to keepl clean, for it is so easy here to ac complish cleanliness. As we have sug gested, it will not be long before the peremptory orders of the health de partment are sent forth, backed by the stern decree of the street commissioner It would be a good joke on these municlpal necessary evils to have the N ALONG RIGHT LINES We were pleased last week to be aBle to announce the policy of development upon which the trustees of the county high school had decided and to report that no time would be lost in putting this policy into effect. We be lieve the directors of the high school are moving in the right direction and that the school and the county will be the better for it. Maintaining the high standard of academic work which has been established in the Missoula county high school, the trustees propose to enlarge the scope of the work of 00 the institution. The instruction in manual training and es. domestic science, which has been so well begun, will be carried further and the pupils will be given the best pos 10 sible opportunity to attain proficiency in these lines. A thorough commercial course will be added to the curricu lum; bookkeeping, typewriting and stenography will' bea added to the work in commercial English and mathematics. And the board, more farseeing than some of its prede cessors have been, proposes to give attention to the phys . ical welfare of the children. There is to be, as has been announced, an installation of additional equipment to the n school's gymnasium and this department of the institution 19 is to be made as helpful and efficient as possible. Not many years ago, these suggestions would have been received with shrugs and expressions of disapproval. We believe, however, that the county will have nothing but friendly criticism to offer regarding the action which the trustees have taken. The secondary school handles the , boy and the girl at a critical age. The formative period is a delicate season in the life of the youngster; the habits which are acquired during these years, the associations which are formed, the ideals which are fixed-all these have important bearing upon the later life when the girl r has become a woman and the boyhas grown into a man. There are a good many of the students in the high school who receive there the last of their education. From the commencement platform of the high school they step out into the workday world. For these it is particularly es sential that the work of the high school be made as helpful as possible; the institution must stand as training school and college for this class. We believe the Missoula county trustees have considered these matters in their right light. The conclusion which they have reached appears to be the one best calculated to get the most possible out of the high-school years for the young people. The fact that an excellent start has been made in this direction in the school will make it easier to develop satisfactorily the plans which the trustees have decided upon. The local experience with the high-school gymnasium, for instance, has been all to the good. With the inadequate , equipment now at the disposal of the physical director, there has been excellent work done. The right spirit is making itself manifest among the boys. A higher standard of manhood is appearing. The cigarette-smoking bravo is no longer the hero that he used to be; the ideal of the smaller lads has become the clean, strong, athletic chap of I the upper class, who takes care of himself and whose habits are correct. There are some city poolrooms whose patronage has g 1 dwindled since the gymnasium was opened at the high school. Is not this, of itself, a sufficient argument in favor of maintaining the gym? It is one thing to forbid a boy to loiter about the poolrooms and it is quite another thing to provide a place which is more attractive for him than the poolrooms. If you tell the boy he must keep out of the poolrooms, you are bound, in the name of justice, to pro- , vide him with some other place to spend his leisure hours. d We commend the course of the trustees of the high school. We indorse strongly the policy which Principal 0 Ketcham has recommended and which the trustees have adopted. We believe the county could not invest money to h better advantage than in this plan to make better, stronger, cleaner boys and girls. They will be better citizens when their hour of responsibility comes and whatever tends to bi accomplish this end is worthy of the support of each one of ' us and of all of us. cleaning-iup all done bIefore. they send out their lnstlructnlls. In mniny parts of tile city it is Ipossible to clean up inow\, so rapitdly has the drying-out prfc. ss gone .tl. Everywhere it will be ipossible in ta bshort time. ANOTHER SIGN-Yet another mu nlcllial sylmtom of spring is the pre limintary activity \thich advises us of tile approach of a city election. This activity, right now, is in its early stages, ibut tere s Is enough of it to keep us fromn forgetting that our re sponlsibilities as citizens include the lnecessity for selecting good ine.tn to city officie, We have but one city office to fill this spring; the term of the ommilllllssionller of piublic safety ex pires this ye;iar. There has ibeen cotn silderablte gossip during tllhe week which dealt y\\tith rospective candidates ittmet. of this gossip brought up the iiailes of men who ihave run tfor iof fice so oftetn and have been sio unli fortmly unsuccessful during recent years that it has come to be regardedl as a, certainty that they will supply again the list of also-rans. None itf the talk which has reachted this office has concerned itself with any new ma terial and from oifficial quarters there. has come information of but two nominating petitions which have made their appearance. The date for clos ing nominations occurs this week, but there is yet time for the appearance. of new candidates. We shall know next Friday how many and what can didates we have to consider this spring. In five days many things may happen and until Friday there is not nuch to be. said regarding candidates except to remind the voters of the city that we have made good progress in a year in the direction of a business - - . . . . .. . . . - - - 1-t . . like, non-political city government and that good men are, needed if this work is tiio be co tinued. THE BUDGET-Thie city budget for the coining year is lower in dollars by line thousand than was that of last year. Thel estimate includes a good many emlergency appropriations which it is not likely that theli city will have to use, so tile reduction in expense promises to he muUch greater than the Ipreliinary figures show. The current expenses of thie city are so much lower thall they ha.\ve ever been before that the hope is not unrealsonable that there may be flrt her emonototlles introduced which \\ill tnoit Interfere with the ef ficiency of thec governmtllt.t This Is specially so, as the reductions already nlade we\\re ntot di Linside.red possible, a t.ar ago, biy tman iy citizens who have inquired int;, municipal matters. The chantge frotil tlh old formi of city go\v erinlellt has been fairly accomplished now; it is lnot possible to make so im-ll portant a cihallge, in a few weeks or a few monllths. Timte is re-quired. It Is a little mltorie than a year since 'Mis soula adopted the commission form of government. 1From ilow on, we may estimnate the efficiency aind the advan tuges of this form of city administra tion. The present clondition of affairs leaves little room for adverse criti cism. If the administration is able to show a continuance of the present conditions a year from now, It will be a powerful indorsemnent of the com mission system. The results thus far are encoluraging and the prospects for even greater betterment are bright. RELATIVE FIGURES-As the es timates come to hand which other Montana cities have made for their, expenses for the coming year, it is possible to make comparisons. The appropriations of some of Missoula's sister cities are already at hand. The comparison in these instances is to the advantage of the commiss!on form of government. When all of the bud gets are available, the comparison will be all the more interesting. In the case of Billings, the figures which were received here the other day show that the appropriations for the coming fiscal year in the Yellowstone capital are twice as great as those, which Mis soula has made. These two cities are of the same relative importance in the two districts of Montana. The com parison is all the more valuable, on this account. The critics of the commis sion form of government should not be too hasty in drawing their conclu sions. The average citizen has not familiarized, himself sufficiently with conditions, nor is it possible yet to conclude, that the commission govern ment is not a success. Rather, every thing points here to the complete suc cess of the system in its local appli cation. The condition of the munici pal treasury is improving every day. The city is better governed than it ever was before in its history. Here are two important conditions which can not be successfully disputed and they are both to the credit of the commis sion government. Mexico must not rely too strongly upon the ethics of international eti quette. There is a limit. even there. And the present administration starts off as if it did not intend to play the game very hard. One critic says the inaugural ad dress was incomplete. The president proposes to complete It, but there are some things which cannot be done the first day. With her legislature in a deadlock, Illinois is in shape to protest against taxation without representation. She has lost her last senator. Whatever else we may think of him, we are certain to agree that Mr. Wil son's command of the English lan cuage, is superb. With all 'his cleverness, Mr. Marshall will find it difficult to furnish human interest stories out of the vice pres dent's office. It would not seem natural if the olks in New York were not wonder ng what Colonel Bryan proposes to lo. A careful review of the administra ion's chief figures constitutes a good rgument in favor of higher education. The suffrage parade at least accom dished a complete exposure of the Vashington police force. The bi-partisan combine is prepar ng to move its headquarters from lelena to Washington. - And President Wilson will not accept I n evasive answer when he asks con- i ress about the tariff. Chicago is getting a practical demon- r tration of the necessity for a min:- r lum-wage scale. It's a bit soft for a walk Into the country, but there are dry pavements to the churches. The occupation of cabinet-making seems to, have a tendency to spoill the disposition, This warm weather will attract all of the white-winged doves northward from Mexico. Woodrow Wilson is fortunate in that he starts out without a Ballinger in his cabinet. The Madero family has no plans, but that doesn't mean that it has no desires. If the weather man can Keep up this lick, he will make this a regular Faster. The direct-legislation organization can do Montana a heap of good. Nor do we hear any more kicking about the paving districts. The retirement of Mr. Marshall from public life was graceful. The democratic senatorial caucus Is starting the fireworks. Have you bought your garden seeds? The Crisis in Japan I.-The Political Riots. By Frederic J. Haskin. Americans seem greatly astonished over the insults 'which Japanese crowds are heaping upon their public officlals. It has always been thought throughout the world at large that everything inl Japan worked from the governm.ent downward instead of from the people upward, and that of ficialdom was specialty sacred. All this has been true to a great extent on .the surface, but unlerground forces have been at work for a long time 'to loosen the grip the bureaucrats so long have had on public affairs. Foreigners in general, lnd Americans in particular, have khown little of 'all this, and even allen residents in Japan 'are surprised at the vehemence with which the Jijl and other influential newspapers are lampooning such revered statesmen and htllstary patriots as Yamagata, Katsura and Terauchi. The stoning of Katsura 'himself and several members of the diet, and the wrecking of sev eral standpat newspaper plants seem quLte confounding to the conventional estimate of the Japanese people, but the world forgets that sinmlar tactics were employed in 1905 to show the dis gust of the people with the treaty of. Portsmouth which ended the war with Russia. W hat does mnake even the expert HELPING FATHER i, , V I-I1 A r President Wilson proposes that Vice-President Marshall attend cabinet meetings and play a larger part gen erally in the government than has any of his predecessors. foreign observer open his eyes is the fact that the people have succeeded in their protest. They not only brought about the downfall of the Katsura' ministry in less than two months after its 'inception, but 'they did so in the I face of an imperial rescript from the emperor himself. This particular phase of the situation really is amaz ing. Heretofore a rescrlpt from the throne has been binding law upon the people, and it has always been sup posed that not even a doubt of an em peror's righteousness could be breathed by any loyal subject of the son of heaven. All of which goes to show that the Nipponese have had good reason for acting violently, and that they are not so very different from the rest of mankind in the way they go after what they want. A long, bitter fight for the consti tutional rights is 'the cause of the trouble in Japan. The sudden effacing of Prince Katsura and the appoint ment of Admiral Count Yamamoto to . the premiership has not brought corm plete victory. The people are demand- n ing the large share in governmental affairs guaranteed them by the con- I stitution of 1889, and they are deter-t mined that the cabinet shall be moree responsive to the will of the diet than to the nod of the emperor. Before su cess crowns their efforts they must crush clan influence, and on the other hand they must mlake worthy the rather unworthy diet which they would exalt. The Insistence -of the army on two' t new divisions, or 40,000 men for Ko-r rean defense, In the ,face of the na- r tion's virtual bankruptcy, was the imn mediate cause of the recent upheaval. Other elements were the rivalry be tween the armyi and navy, the hoary fued betwe'en tie ('hoshu and the Sat suma c.lnus, and the growth of party politics. Thie waninlg infliueitce of ,the I elder stat'lsmleon anldl the fact that the new ni'ik.eado iihss not collmland the worship so freely given to his father, a also are factors. lBult the movement for greater liberty is the prime agency, and it will he well to consider for a moment the constitution 'which the people wish to strengthen and the gov ernmental .forms which that document set up for them nearly a quarter of a century ago. While Mutsuhito, the late emperor, a was put on the throne in 1868, thus re storing tile iuperlal family to power, o and starting the country on the road r to progress, a constitution 'wa5s not granted until February 11, 1889. It is g modeled after that of the German em- T tire, the ministers being res4insible only to the emperor, with consequent a discretion in ignoring the diet, which C has been done frequently. The cm peror's prerogatives are: d 1. Right of convoking, opening, c als ing or proroguing the imperial diet, and of dissolving the house of repre sentatives. 2. Right of issuing any urgency b ordinances when the imperial diet .is not sitting, ti be submitted to it for approval at the next session. 3. Right of issuing or causing to be , issued the ordinances required for t putt ng the laws in operation, or for ,c maintaining peace and order. IIt 4. Iight of taking the supreme com- si matnd of the army and navy, and of tl determining the organization of the tl service, in 5. Right of declaring war, making S! peace and concluding treaties. Ct 6. Right of determining the organi- p, zation of the governmental depart- je ment, limiting the functions and fix- w lng the salaries of civil and 'military re officials. nt 7. Right of conferring titles of no- fe bility, honors and decorations, 'and to lx grant pardons and decrees of amnesty. w The usual executive, legislative and til Judicial divisions are provided, the bt first and last named appointive, while bl the legislative is elective. The suf frage is limited. The people elect all re the members of the house of represen- 'th tatives, but only 43 of the 371 members pa of the 'hquse of peers, and they are de chosen by a select group of wealthy 'tu taxpayers In each electoral district. in The upper body of the imperial diet, us the house of peers, is composed of 14 be princes of the 'blood, 13 princes, 30 th Intlrquises, ll of whom sit for )if ulpon becomning 23 years of age, als 17 o('(Utnts. 70 vistcoints and 63 Itarons all of wholm are eleetWl for sevel years by menmbers of their own order otf nol:lity. The emlperor aplpoints 12 men, notable for learning, patriotism philanthropy or any other worth: trait, regardliess of their origin, an( twho sit for life. The 43 membters w\ht represent the highest taxpayers in thie ernmpire serve seven years. The non titled members must never exceed tht titled ones. The body cannot be dis. solved under any circumstances, bu can be convened at any time. The house of representatives consist: of 379 members elected for four years The electors must be at least 25 years iid and be lpay ing a direct tax of noi less than the equivalent of $5 per an tum. ('andidates for the house must he at least 30 years of age. Over 30( if the total membershlp come from the rural districts, the average being one nember for every 130,000 of the popula ion. Members of both houses are in esslon three ,nonths every year, and tre paid 2,000 yon ($1,000) per annum, tesides free passes and traveling ex tenses. In case a member 'is unseatedl, dies tr resigns within a year of election, he opponent who had the next highest 'ote sucreetds him. There are only ,600,000 voters out of a total popuima itn of albout 50,000,000. The average xpel'nse of a campaign for a seat in hei house is 7,000 yen or $3,500, al hough In one district in 1908 two vals spent 50,000 yen each. The house et'ts every other day, the alternate ayi Itting given to com.mittee work. Larltners rleprescent 38 per cent of thile 1tnmbership, merchants and Inanufac urcrs 12 per cent, lawyers, journalists nld authors 22 'per cent, The other (c'ations altbsorb the rest. At the first lection in 10890 the average age of 'tlnltiers was 42, but it has *risen te'adily until now a new man aver ges 48 upon his entry Into the house. Each house may initiate legislation, nd a nleasure to becomene law must iass i.th houses, subject to the IIm erial veto. The budget may be passed y the diet. Should .the lower house e dissolved by the enlperor, or dis tlve itself, a general election is held t once and the new 1ihouse is con oned within five months. Ministers f state have seats in the house of .presentatives. This outline shows 'at 'the people's share in the actual overning of the country is small. heir relpresentatives are only in ses ion three months, and the cabinet ets as 'it sees fit the rest of the year. trtain of Its acts must Ihe subnmitted ir approval at the next session of the let. In the past, however, whenever diet has refused to approve what the tbinet has done the premier has not ad 'much difficultty in Inducing tihe nlperor to order its dissolution. For over a decade the ipeople htave ten mnurlnuring that the aristocrats re too powerful. They have been agi Iting steadily for a revision of the )nstitu,tion. They advocate longer ussions of the diet, more power ,for te house of representatives, more ective members in the house of peers, td that the cabinet shall be respon ble directly to the diet instead of to te emperor alone. In other words, te people of Japan 'would develop to a real democracy like the United ales or Great Britain. They would intinue to do homage to the em 'ror. In fact, they would not ob et to a benevolent despotism by that orshipful personage, provided he ally did the governing. But they will longer tolerate being bossed by a w elan leaders and the 'titled mem 'rs of an all-powerful aristocracy to induce the son of heaven to sanc mn their schemes. To all this the treaucrats have presented aln invinci e defiance until recently. The unwillingness of the people to bel against their superiors has been e principal reason for their conl Srative silenee in the face of actual -spotism under the guise of consti tionallsm. Respect for authority is deed very strong in Japan, but cas .1 students of Japanese' affairs have en greatly mistaken in thinking that e people were satisfied with their SgovernIment. There has been unrest o in Japan for a long time, and the pov erty brought on by the war with Rus n sia, plus the endless conflict between s old customs and the new western 1 ways, have contributed to it. Bureaucrats, and they have been in y the majority, have always displayed I great contempt for the demands of the peoplle. They have considered themselves almost as divinely ,ap - Iointed as the emperor himself. The Speole ' thought tlh sIame until 'lately, - ut that day has passed .forever. One t reason why progress has not been made faster haRs be(en the unfitness of the omblnlers of the house of represen tatives themselves. As a rule, the detm ocratic tmmbl bers have 1cbeen venal or greatly infllerir to the bureaucrats. The capable ones usually joined the bureaucrats by a.'cepting titles. Lack of resl'petable political organi zation hils also prevented unity of ac tion. The iprincilpal p.rties are Set yukai and KIkuminto, but neither has ever controlied affail's. Indeed, the host men hbave stood aloof froml them, and it tIlok the stirring events of the present crisis to show that the rise of representativle party government has begutn in Japan. (Tomnrrow\--The Crisis in Japan. II--Crushing Taxation.) PANTOMIME EDNA EDNA PAYNE. Edna Paynet has been especially fitted Iby nature to see and be seen, particularly seen, as she is very, very pretty. That's one reason why she has been a success in the "'mov ies." Another reason is her talent for putting her whole self into what ever character she portrays. Miss Edna has been in moving pictures for two years; previous -to -that she did stock company work. Her adept ness at panlltomimne won for her an offer from the Lubin people, and she likes the -work and prospects so well that she has forsaken every legiti nmate stage ambition she ever had. Miss Payne's dark type of beauty oft en leads people to mistake her for French origin, but she is anxious that all who see her shall know her for a true American. Foley Kidney Pills will reach your individual case if you have any form of kidney or bladder trouble, any backache, rheumatism, uric acid pois oning or irregular and painful kidney action. They are strengthening, tonic and curativ\e, and contain no habit forming drugs. Missoula Drug Co.' Adv.