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SE WEATHERTHE DAILY MISSOULIAN
Toay-Far. XXXIX. NO. 313. MISSOUatureLA, MONTANA, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 14, 1913. PRICE iVE CEN VOL.XXXIX. NO.313. MISSOULA, MONTANA, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 14, 1913. PRICE FIVE CENTh SENATE IS NOW IN OTHER HANDS DEMOCRATS MAKE FORMAL ELECTION OF PRESIDING OF FICERS AND OTHERS. TILLMAN WINS FIGHI Will ,Be Chairman of Appropriations Committee-Clarke Will Be Presi dent Pro Ternm-Simmons of North Carolina Will Head Finance Com mittee in Charge of Tariff Affairs. Washlngton, March 13.-The demo cratic forces took charge of the United States senate today, elected new offl cers to preside over that body andlll paved the -way for the reorganizat ion of committees and a new control of legislative affairs. Another session of the democratic "steering" 'committee, lasting late into the evening, brought the committee lists near to completion. It was expected that a democratic caucus tomorrow 'would prepare all committees for presentation to the senate Saturday. The personnel of the finance com mittee, which is to handle all tariff bills, became definitely known here tonight. As now agreed upon, it is: Democrats - Chairman, Simmons, North Carolina; (Senators Stone, .Mis souri; Williams, ;Mississippi; Johnson, -Maine; Shiveley, Indiana; Gore, Okla homa; Thomas, Colorado; James, Ken tucky; Hughes, ,New Jersey. Roepublicans - Senators Penrose, iPennsylvania; (Lodge, ,Massachusetts; McCum'ber, North l)alkot a; Smoot, 'Utah; Gallinger, New IlItltshiriC'e; Clark, Wyomtting; La: 1CIellctte, Wis consin. Tillman Wins. Information late in tIh day indi cated also that ,Sonat or Tiillian hadj won his ,per'sonail fiht lito secure the Il chairnmanshi)p of tlh allroll"iationsý committee, the si'oidtl lltost lSoerfultl of the senate. Persistent clforts hiad ,been made for several d1ays to induce the South ( lrtlinaL Seator ito SUih xender his seoniority right to Senator IMartin of Virginia anl lake the chair manship of naval affairs. It was stated tonight on high uithority, hlow ever, that the place pralctically e was assured to Senator Tillmtan. )ther imaplortant eommit tie chelir ananships were settled totay. Senator ''Owen has been selected for the chair manshi.p of the banking andt currency committee, whimth 'will htandle all cur rency reform legislation. Senator O'Gorman propbtly will be made (Continued on Page Seven) It's Time to Get Ready for Easter ¶ As the days grow longer and Easter draws near thoughts turn from cold-proof apparel for wintry weather to the light er and brighter new things for Spring. ¶ The spirit of springtime floods the stores. You can feel its influence even whlcen you sit at home and reqd TIHE MIS SOULIAN ¶ Every one is talking of the new styles and planning for new hats, new suits and accessories. The advertisements are particularly interesting. They tell of the newest styles, the fabrics and colors to he the vogue, and the many novel and becoming modes Fashion has decreed for the season. I Now is the time to prepare, to take advantage of early se lection, to secure your complete Easter outfit in advance of the eleventh hour rush. ¶ Read the advertisements in TIIE MISSOULIAN closely and constantly every morning. They will keep you posted. They will direct you to the most reliable stores and enable you to purchase your Springtime apparel to best advantage. / PRESIDENT HADLEY SERIOUSLY ILL ON COAST Los Angeles, March 13.-R-eported to be on the verge of a nervous breakdown, President Arthur T. Hadley of Yale arrived today at the summer ranch home of E- M. Pratt. treasurer of the Standard Oil comn ýpany, four miles from Nordhoff. He is accompanied by his wife. and Mr. Pratt, a brother of Mrs. Hadlley, who also is at his summer home. MEETING IS CALLED FOR THIS MONTH IN HELENA NON-PARTISAN CONFERENCE TO DISCUSS MEASURES LIKELY TO BE INITIATED. (Staff ('orreslpon(ldnce.) Helena, March ]:3.--The fixing of Friday, March 25, as the dlate of the meeting of Montana citizens to form a people's non-partisan direct legis lation league was the result of a con currence of opinion upon the part of a large number of representatives of all political parties in the state that the gathering should be held early, as the work of preparing the laws that are likely to be initiated will take considerable time, and that these should be prepared and ready for gen eral distribution among the voters not later than the early months of next winter. The decision to hold the meeting grows out of a widespread conviction that the experience of recent years has clearly demonstrated that law making by legislative bodies has been unresponsivA to the needs and wishes of the people in so very large a de gree as to make it absolutely essen tial that the people themselves shall assert their democratic powers to leg islate in the common interest under authority of the initiative and refer endum amendments to the state con This feeling was accentuated by the failure of the last legislature to carry out in reasonable fullness the reforms promised to the people in the various party platforms put forth last year. As a result it was decided by a large number of members of the legislature and by a great many other citizens that there is left to the people of Mon tana no other course than direct leg islation if lawmaking is to reflect the will of the people. It was an equally general opinion that the necessity for prompt action is imperative if the new laws required by new conditions shall be had, to the end that the develop ment of the natural resources of the state shall go on evenly and under proper regulations; that the burdens of public taxation, now notoriously un fairly distributed, shall he borne equit ably by all who should contribute; that the education of the youth of the state shall not be impeded harmfully by lack of necessary funds; and that L state reputation for clean, honest and efficient government shall be es tablished, so that Montana may take and keep its rightful place among the progressive states of the west and northw\est. It will lbe the purpose of the con ference on the 28th to discuss and de cide upon measures in the public in terest to be initiated, and to pro I\' ie therefor by means of an organ ize(d people, a non-partisan direct leg islation league. The in\vitation is general. No cre dentials will be required other than Ssona fide sympathy with the purposes Sof the gathering, and a willingness to take a reasonable part in the work to be undertaken. At the request of those interested, Messrs. A. J. Ilorsky, IF. J. Edwards, John Edgerton, George O. Freeman, all of Helena, and Sam W. "Teagarden of Forest Grove, consented to act as a temporary commnittee in charge of the preliminaries for the meeting. Letters of inquiry addressed to either of the five will be given prompt at tention. (Continued on Page Six) AFTER MANY YEARS , -OLD TOP FEDERAL ARMY AT NOGALES CROSSES LINE AND GIVES UP BURLESON HAS PLAN FOR PIE-COUNTER BRIGADE HE'S DOING HIS BEST TO HELP PATRIOTIC DEMOCRATS TO THE PLUM TREE. W~ashington, 1larch 13.--President Wilson's advisers have hit upon solu tions of two of the political problems confronting the administration which promised to be troublesAilne--what kind of democrats shall get plums from the, political tree, and how thou sands of itldemocratsl throllughout the country can be given a fighting chance' at least to got inear the tree. Within the next feVw dlays Post master (lenrerl Burlelson is expicted to ipresent for tie presidenillt's consid eration a plan w\hich will open to democrats the 35,000 third andti fourth class lpostlnastershipls placed iunder i.he civil service recently by Mr. Taft. Mr. Burleson said tonight that lie had not decided whether to ask the president for ai revocation of this or der or nlot. If ihe decides against asking for r'vc atli.n, hli \will siiggest that plistmasters who lbin liefited by the Taft order lei reqititired to puss it merit test, 'which woul lii' ieip n also to others. If the president tooik the first course, thousands of )Ostiiasler ships Would bIe available at oince and if lie chose the other, d(Iemocrats who entered the miiirit comptiltionll would have as go)od a chanllce as reipublican incumibents. Taft Order Criticized. Ever since Ali. Taft issued his fa mnous order, Which wxith a similar one by Roosevelt lut ,eveiry third andt fourth-class postlInsti r in the cioun try in the classified service, it has been subjected tho vigorous criticisms by democrats who charged that its purpose was to keep in office through Mr. Wilson's term thousands of re publicans who were not in sympathy with the administration and who were given such protection merely to keep the republican political machine in working order. Mr. Burleson and Chairman Mc Combs of the democratic national committee have settled on a plan for patronage distribution which also will be submitted shortly to the president. If it is followed, the question of whetiher a candidate for office Is backed by "organization men" or "anti-organization men" will not fig ure when he is weighed for a place. The president will lie advised to go upon the principle: that any man who subscribes to the democratic platform and shows his belief in democratic principles, is politically fit for office. Personal fitness, of oourse, will be considered first, but the question of state factions or pre-convention alli ances will have little weight. This disposition has been shown in the first batch of presidential appoint ments. Some of the most prominent men whom the. president thus far named, opposed his nomirption In Baltimore. An Example. The appointment today of John Skeltol, Williams as assistant secre tary of the treasury was viewed by callers at the White House as an ex (Continued on Page Six) Rebel Commander Ordered by American Officer to Cease Firing After United States Trooper Is Injured by Bullet-Attacking Gen eral Obeys and Surrender of Government's Force Fol lows. A REPORT. Laredo, Tex.. Marc(h 113.---Tt Is re ported thai \.-nustiatno ('arrtnziil, govlernor of il ('tiah ila, ho revoltidi against the lill- rl, parovisionlt gov' erniment, was i(toli1r.d and shot tils afterinoon by federal troops undler Gleneral 'TrnVilcy Aubert at a loillt betitve it llaljanii and liinclova., if ficial c ('ilil lliilla ln of tl he (.1 execution hail not ll1 oilbtaineld up to a late hour tonight. Noga iles, Ariz., acit th 11 '--i olnsti tutionalistas overtthreiw the feder:al garrisill at Ngiiiles, Soioia, a tiiliighlt a1id ll v l a-re ill iissssion olf ho till r der t"hw'n ati.' :t fight which con tinued with little athateinont for 12 hours. ('asall ti s are estimalit d at 1(10 dead land twicie as many wouorldd ont both sides, thouglh accurate counlllt has not Ibeen maIllde. 'rivat. A elhln A. UI Iofleh t, troolii li , Fifth ie viahry, 1'. 8. A., was seriously wounded by a rebel bull.et whilh do ing pollte dillty 1-ear the illtiern tlional: line. Thei sht piassed throiugh his face froiii Iin4 I, to eiar. No other Amerio .lnly s \ti,'i, t ilnjured. The' Iniitt d Stal.s soldier was shlt tuckl was : lt its heighlt ,it luhen nt Colonel Tate, , ill chirge of fie Fi,'lth cavalry pitril, instantly Sent word to !el rl'i01 ) rt-',.,1 ' u , inll e lll lll:lltd oif Ithe relbel 'Iforce(*l "You havi shot one of my illmll. ease firing', or I sihall ie after yoii at once." At the same limoment the firing from the ftederalts undilllr Colonels Kosterlit zky and l-Hyes slackened. By some proe-lonce-irtied irralngeilllent Lieutenant Colonel Tate called his hugler and crdered him to sound the Mexican "cease firing" ordetr. The federal gair riso5il instantlY obeyed, but desultory firing continued to come from the be siegers. General Obregon succeeded in hold ing back thlle fir of his men so that C(olonels Kost(.rlitzy and teyes with their forces were able to cross to the United States where they surrendered to Colonel Wilbur E. Wilder, Fifth catvalry, who arrived late.to take com mand of the American troops. The Mexican federal soldiers stacked their arms befoire the American troopers and disbanded. More than 310 wounded from either side rest in hospitals here, while the dead dot the inesa land south of No gales. The attackers suffered heavily and of the 1,000 men who made the march against the garrison of 300 reg ulars, the numbllller of dead has not been accurately esltimated. A Rain of, Lead. A rain of lead dropped over thie American town, many cltizens nar rowly escaping injury. Stray bullets fell into the streets, sonie penetrated houses, narrowly missing Americans 2n their homes. The destruction in the Sonora town (Continued on Page Seven) HARRIMAN SYSTEM HAS A NEW PLAN TO DISSOLVE NEW SCHEME ANNOUNCED TO UNSCRAMBLE SOUTHERN UNION PACIFIC MIX-UP. Nm,,-, Ylork, Mainthl 1:1.- The outlhern Pacific contintity, wvith the nnou rr11e111? ii m-mll m il 1 my, mI inI]i m(;'m" I mmmenmlilleh We of the Union ltm'eifim tiailroad m min '-my, mmmominced tmmhmy a modified pi nl of dissolhtmim l mlmndler the United slates s Pllllll court dI lcr'elt i1 rlpl iLL of the original pIlan \\hich recently nimit \ lli 11 sllriilnms opposition oim thI e paIrt of the ( ili f' rnlml i:m railIromml co mmll mmilssin. TheI n,1mv pi an, n.s outlilnl l by Jl iimm. Krmlt.i chnlit, chtair'mi.mm of the Sont i h-i mrn II'mimm mimc iompami ym , tlmistr ti tlly m mvidn( I'n r m t raffi amgreemmment mmithoIm t lam- l' m -, Il'ivileges to thie UTnion and C'c tral t ,lflc. In brile, t1 e Sn mithrnt 1'taclmh 1s mwilling to carry Umnion Pacific-('entral Pacifitl ' 'fmffic over'm ' thme l]eniciat cutt fl' andl its ('ltiifor ' liI telmllinals, In st'mlimi o, f amnivVingL Ith~s romadsml dirI ct mmm Of tmis umm llmf m-ioimmo i Soutihfli Pa cificim Ite m in l inc"idmitm:i lly, :lith11,ugh this m,- ti s nottmm •referred to by i 'hlirll:rn l(rtttschnlitt, a-e ptgance bym the f, 'eral authorlties andi 1he ('maliforni:t mmiisisisl oln ofm tihn imos provisions very effctimInly would bars' nut the 'i, est ,I'r'ni t; ific rioad, which has asserted its right to the luse of ho li'nicin cut-oft' and i So n thert' Pancifle irnm inn is. "The' modified agre ienit," an. l Mr. Krulim schnlt., "mvoul hi e snh nitted to ihe cirmcuil c ii(i in t. Lout s on tl t UiIdlay nmid , mih plete deltailsl halemin Ien telegraphed to the :mCaliforniat cotmii lon ." ! The agreement, it further was stated, I has the approval ofi Attornemy teneral Melteyniold, and Soiuthern Pacific of ficials are hopeful of its aceiptance by the mmirmmit court and the California authorities. Failure o'tf the federal court and the 'California com'lmimsmion to accept thei new plosn by Saturday ildnight will, involve the forl'e'itmli of $1,250,000, whtich the lUnion Pacific agreed to pay :n inumternalim.mml hiul .inig Hyndict(l tet or ganizedm by Kilhn, Lob & Co., to finance the - ale of its Houthernm Pacific holdings, amounting to $125,000,000. Contingent. San 'Fra..ncisco,. iMmarh 13.-w ,ollowing the receilt of a tolgram setting forth the teirns of the ru'visvd p'ropos)als of the 1t'niorlm'ncific to govern the nin merging of the Harrlintnu lines within th,. stnto of ('alifornia tonight from Judge lmmohert S- Lovett, the (alifornia railroad -commimsslon gaive a contingent statement qf tihe attitude which it will iassumemt. The amnswemr is1 contingent upon the points which now appear vamgue, these ipoints respecting princ iolly the rights of compnetitlng roads omn the lBenicia cut-off and upon the attitude of the attorney genmeral of the United States and the federal courts upmon th,. sale of the entire Central Pacific stock to the Union Pacific. The commnsialon stands where It did in the original opinion that the Union Pacific could gain its outlet to the coast by tilhe leasing of the Central (Continued on Page Five) CLEAN POLITICS IS NEEDED FOR ANY SELF-GOVERNMENT PREMATURE BLAST KILLS BUTTE MINERS tlutte, March 13.--olin Lehto and Nels Erkkila 'wore instantly killed today iby t blast in tl'he east drift of the 2,500-foot lv'\'v of thle Orig inal illltle. The menw \\(te contrnact ing mill it is sutlpised that they failed to leave soon after spitting the first fuse. irlTto s mangled body was nwear the breast anrid ltrkkila lay 30 feett back In the drift. FRANKLIN K. LANE IS MADE CHIEF BY INDIANS DELEGATION OF REDSKINS BE STOiWS TITLE OF "LONE CHIEF" UPON HIM. 'ashlllgton, Mlnrch 13..--Fra)lnkln K. laInI', seR'crtar'y of thie Ila.terllor, 1h(1a been llllde an Inll illl chief. e 110 1hi bestowe.d upon hint the title of "TL~one Ch:'lief" today by a delegation otf Black f'ot Illl lllndians flromlll ollniaillll. who called to prtesonl thin with a1 pipe of peace tand buckskin toba(o hag. After tlhe pipe had been hnudhd to hn1 ('chlef (urley Bolar, . tall mtlllllllntllal chl f, stepped forthll and said: "Ht-Ireafter we will vall yobl Lont ('llef, That was theI nnlll of our 1111iO fa:.lllittIs I'hief'. YoU will be. Lo re (Thief to us now." Then tulrning to Acting l lmlssioln er of Indlanl Affairs Abbott, Ile s.id: "And you, tsoo, miIt hlave a1n Ind1li1 name; you areI short of sIlitr', so we' will call yoi Little ('hef." A Pledge. "I tako your pipe," slihd the seore ltry, "as ;t pledge between us. t iIIknow hWl It itt mens.. It is it prom ise oft yoIr purl lhat yoti will bear faith t1111o llo , 111iid W\I l I shake ll urt l1' tirllt and 1I k I o your p1p1 , II llt lll.s (ilth t I biiear gd faith 11 d ,good witilt toward i you. I have spoknI' to Ihe (Irtat bIath-r In Ile White H\lotse nhout It. You haVu e " good friendll In ll i , onll \vh> ulw1ys will keep his word. I tplal ' t' r 1 1im 1 0Illl 1 1 LIi'011 1 hlat weI will il'w ysI try il '(' I lll ih o 1 .you."I ITo' th l e' ( lI'Ill'y little dagll li , ,M1ss Nancy Unne, ('hhie Litth, Dog! oi' the ll' ekfI'l t, pr.esented a i palls of' hand' ed llOt sin.. ('hief Pilet.nt lv(lg head of tice Itt 'Xl'i'5e 10t' $l l 1i U ,U rll11111 t 111 t "he'o ccas ioinIllr red ir'g.ll , elsl unii' t anl tialtir all' II 111H[ 1111 fcl rreit I t( lll111, thPr' l pe -('lec r of feathors, p -lly, llntei, Mlli s Na'ill y with it hel uil't ll atir of buckskhin gl.v,,., eno er I wilt fiat, hendwork iHt it token of its frhietnlshlp. "1 gIv4' 1h1,1 ," to y nll." 111 ,ih1, "1i5 Iho dQauglt.r of our father, who will look ouIhyt fol rt th o the itnulss, dPlnoty rCoa s i t.he Indian whos strong pirofile. is seeoon o the five-dol 1la anlk not(eq. LOTS OF TOBACCO USED. '(C'tlgo, March 13. -4'(hle'go (111(1 smloko 1,0110,000 eigiII'H n. day andI the o.st per man averages $2$ , year, a1c couIding to the report (if the lcgar anti (tolt;1(o satb-dilvlsion ,co(mlll ittee of the '(hicatgo Assoulation of (Conunorce. ''ll" ital illV 5te.nent Ili ('hideal( 1 Il exoess of $10,000,000 mtdl fte leaf deal(ers in the city handle ttbacr'o Trout all o\'r the worhl. Thle reportl. says thbi it 19112 more than 2'12,000,000 cigars WPo Iwanufactured here. BUTTE WANTS FRIEDMAN. Butte, March 13--Charles J. Kelly, president of the Italy Bank & Trust c omnpalny, will bend ft committee of citizlns who will take charge of a noveinent to bring Dr. Friedrich F. Friedmann to Butte for a denstra tion of his tuberculosis remedy. If the lBerlin specialist is tlnable to come, the demonstrationsl. SCOTCH STUDENTS HAVE A HOT TIME Glasgow, Scotland, iMarch 13.-Stu dents of Glasgow university and 300 stewards, including 50 dock laborers, fought at suffrage meetings In St. Andrews' hall tonight. The students fared badly. IMany of them were beat en and scores were injured. Mrs. Emmeline IPankhurst, the suffragette leader, it was announced early in the day, would address the suffragettes. A large body of students from the university went to St. Andrews' hall ito break up the meeting. They got more than they bargained for. When Miss Janie Allan was intro duced by Mrs. Pankhurst, the students who were back in the hall, started an COLONEL ROOSEVELT DESCRIBES ESSENTIALS FOLLOWED BY PROGRESSIVES. HONESTY MUST PREVA.L "We Intend to Realize the New Free dom for Which This Nation Strives, by Social Research, in Which In formation Is the Keynote," Declares Former President. Philedallphin, March 13.--Charging the need of thorough organization for studying and sectiuring ideals on which the platform of the progressive party \\ia based, former President Theodore lttIes'velt addressed nl audience to night which orowded the Metirotll ita opera 'house. The meeting imarked ,the clise of the first day of it two-days tsession of the first an nual progressive c'onference of the state of PeInnsylvaniat, which has as Ilan aimit theo perpetuation of the party. lMr. Roosevelt said in part: "The Progressive party has been founded primarily to render social and industrial service. This means, of course, that there must be clean poll tics. The first requisite in any movenmentl for any species of better trent int this country must be hon enty. 'p"i most characteristic, the most essential and the most original 'foreil of work we aro undertaltking is the work of the. progressive service. We 1ntend to realize, the new freedomI for which thits nation strives, iby social r'seatrch, in which information is he kIteynote; and then, by the immediate translatlion of thel kInowledge thuts c qulrei into action iby a political or ganization in whiteh service is the \\l tclhworid. The progresslve service tibranch of our party activities is de \votied to soctil research, In organlized, c4fhlcdent shllap, and is endeavn\oring to correlata it with the arts of law makinlltig bodles anll the needts to the Ipublic. "O()itr party Is not in power; but it is our duty to fornmllllfte p)ublict opin inn so thatlt it shall Insist on action along the linles we indicate. VWe i'recognize the. IrgenPt l.need of strength onling our panrty by means of organi Zatloln; of extenslant of the machinery: butil w\v r'cognlize with equal ettllha sis that mnitchinery, while mpnleratively t'.'tss'ry, is of its'. oly If treated as< it. pralhttcal means of secu'ring applied roiltInt. The progressive service is .~rganiztlztd becIauise out' plarty for the first ltim in the history of any great party In this countllry, rec'oglnize that tithe party organizatilontl cai hest be strenl gthetled by 'continuous, orgainized lurtly work for definite alims and heals. Our h:eadquarters,. national andl st:tite, are to be open all the. year itlrulllld, so thallt 'imen antdl womenll (for \vlottt'ln anI d men stIand ot absolute ',llllity in our party) can nmeet to disc(tuss polinticial issues Land social and economil, issueis an11 to p lati for put ting a little further l1 advance, the outplll H its If progress. "1 wilsah to conlgratulate you Ilmen in Pennsutylvnnilt uponi the fight thie pro gressiv\ party Is makilng in the legis lature to achieve its purpose and jus tify its existencce. All your proposed laws are guodl; the primary hla.w, for Illstntce, andt the t.r'rult practlces set. lLt peculliar ipllor'tance at itloholto toi tl three neits prop)losed for retgulatiton of child labor, for regulat Ilng the eutploymelnt of womenI, and for creuolinKg ,a mtlitlttmt wage for both wiiIomen and childreln. The un der-plyminllt'it of wuage ealrners is one of the worst evils of our present in duttrial uyste.m, and It Is inot only all evil in tHself, but it is itt the bottom of ithe swetahtsltp probletm. "W\hat I tiiv si h li applles no less t, th it w\vomen's labor act. It is wicketd lnt to iregulate- the workinlg hours andll factory colnditihns of woln eln vwhoi are cotillpelled to earn their living. "The progressive party was founded primarily to meCet the great awak eling of conscience which we have seenl dall t petople in the last few yeatrs. Thoughtful mIen and w.omnen haivit grownl to realize that it is im potsislto that either our present po litical or our present industrial condl tions shall continue unchanged If the. republic itself is to live and prosper. eltf-go\vernment is Incompatible with dishonest go\vernment, and a politlcal d.imtcra.iy tutd a ibuisiIess oligarchy cannot permtnently exist in the same counltry side Iby site." uproar. Immediately the detachment of stewards and dock. laborers swooped down upon them. A free fight fol lowed and those who occupied chairs stood on them to watch the scrim mage. The organ started to playing in order to drown the uproar but the ef fort was without success. After a fierce engagement, which lasted 10 minutes, the stewards dragged or car ried not less than 50 students Into the streets. A large and hostile crowd gathered outside the hall and Mrs, Pankhurst was obliged to make her, escape by a side exit.