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TIM DAILY MISSOULIAN
* Phblilhed Every Day in the Yev. MISSOULIAN PUBLISHING CO. Missoula, Montana. Sntered at the postoffice at Missoula, Montana, as second-class mail matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. (In Advance) Daily, one month ............ ............. 0.75 Daily, three months ............:.............2.25 Daily, six months ........................... 4.00 Daily, one year ................................. 8.00 Postage added for foreign countries. TELEPHONE NUMBER. Bell....................110 Independent....510 MISSOULA OFFICE. 129 and 131 West Main Street. Hamilton Office 221 Main Street, Hamilton. Mont. The Missoullan may be found on sale at the following newstands out side of Montana: Chicago-Chicago Newspaper Agen cy, N. E. corner Clark and Madison streets. Minneapolls-World News Co., 219 Nqrth Fourth street. Salt Lake City-MacGillis & Lud wig. San Francisco-United News Agents. Portland-Consolldated News Co., Seventh and VWashington. Seattle - Eckart's News Agency, First avenue and Washington; W. O. Whitney. Spokane-Jamieson News Co. Tacoma-Trego News Co., Ninth and Pacific. SUBSCRIBERS' PAPERS. The Missoullan is anxious to give the-best carrier service; therefore, sub scribers are, requested to report faulty delivery at once. In ordering paper changed to new address, please give old address also. Money orders and checks should be made payable, to The Missoulian Publishing Company. TUESDAY, MARCH 18, 1913. Aid in the dawning, tongue and pen; Aid it, hopes of honest men! -Mackay. MORE TROUT. There is no cleaner, more invigor ating sport than trout-fishing in the mountain streams of western Mon tana. It Is to the advantage of the slate-entirely aside from the result ant pecuniary benefit-to see that the fishing here is always good. There is nothing which keeps men in better trim, mentally and physically, than to get out into the hills and to fish along the streamn there. Business cares and physical aches vanish before the magic of out-doors. The angler re turns to his work, all the better for having been out in the open. HIe is a better citizen for having spent a day with Mother Nature. There is, of course, a considerable financial benefit which will come to the state if the fishing is maintained at its present state of excellence, but this is riot to be considered in comparison with that greater benefit which lies in the recuperation of careworn men al.d women. On this account it is good to know that the work of stock ing the streams is to be prosecuted with more vigor than ever before and that this particular part of the state is to receive its share of the benefits. ELECTRIFICATION. The directors of the Pennsylvania railroad system have decided to elec trify a twenty-mile stretch of track out of Philadelphia. It is expected that trains will be running over this section under electric power within a year. New York City has had for a number of years electrical operation of trains within a radius of several miles of the central terminals. In our own immediate neighborhood, we have been interested for some time in the plans of the Milwaukee to take ad vantage of the force of our mountain streams to apply to the operation of the system by electric power. The four hundred miles of track in'luded in the early plans of this company will, it is said, be extendeud to more than twice that extent before the work is finished. It is worthy ,f note that the practical obstacles to elsec trical operation becomes much less formidable as the railways find it is to their advantage to use electricity as power. WHISKERS. It would be interesting to get at the inside facts in connection with tlh complaint which his fellow cabinet mlembers have made against the whis kers of Secretary Redfield of the de partment of commrece in the official family of the new administration. It is true that the Redfield burnsides are the only whiskers in the cabinet, but we have had the idea that the cabinet is liberal in its views and it is surprising to learn that there is or ganized opposition to these' whiskers on the part of the smoth-shaven ma jority. The Jeffersonian simplicity of the administration might be invoked as a ground for action against the facial adornment of Secretary Red THE MAKING OF COUNTIES Montana has another county. It was created according to law. The votes of its own people made the county of Stillwater out of parts of Yellowstone, Meagher, Sweetgrass and Carbon. Columbus is the county seat of the new or ganization. The formation of the county was accom plished without much noise; there was no scandal connected with the process. The law was followed and the county was formed; that was all there was to it. There were not many people in the state, outside those who were directly interested, who knew there was an elec tion Saturday to decide whether or not the county of Still water should be placed upon the map of Montana. The vote was so overwhelmingly in favor of the proposition as to leave no room for doubt as to the sentiment of the people. Contrast this situation with the conditions in the Thir teenth assembly, attendant upon the passage of the new county bills which were introduced there. These bills created four counties, whether the people of the proposed counties wanted them or not. The bills were introduced early in the session and for fifty days or more were used as clubs over the heads of some members and as a basis of bar ter with other members. It was a deplorable state of affairs. Now, with the experience of Stillwater county before us, it does not seem likely that there will be another attempt to make new counties in the legislature. Governor Stew art's veto thwarted the attempt at political jobbery, it is true, but this action on the part of the executive could not restore the time that was lost and could not make good the damage which had been wrought through the trading and jobbing which had been done with these bills as a basis. The Stillwater way seems to be the right way to form new counties. The people who are directly concerned are the ones who should determine whether or not they shall have a new county organization; they are the ones who know best whether or not they can afford the expense of a sep arate organization. Whenever they can do this, it is cer tain that a new county is the right thing. But no com munity should have a county organization thrust upon it by a lot of political jobbers, just to pay off an old campaign debt or to get even with somebody at the expense of people not concerned. The county of Stillwater should become prosperous. It embraces a splendid agricultural area; it has already some thriving towns. Its separate county organization will bring the government closer to the people and will simplify the transaction of business. The verdict of the polls, Satur day, left nothing to be said; it was so strongly in favor of separate county existence that it was practically unanimous. Old Yellowstone county has furnished the material for some mighty fine counties and now she furnishes the nucleus for another. And Stillwater, created by the people, bids fair to be a credit to its mother. field, but that would hardly be con sistent in view of the fact that Mr. Bryan has become a Man on Horse back and that ,the animal he rides goes by the name of Rex. It cannot be that the administration offers any general indictment against whiskers, for there are some very good demo crats who wear hair on their faces. Nor can it be that the trouble is to be stated in a specific indictment against the Redfield whiskers; the pictures of the secretary of commerce show that his whiskers are finely shaped and we are told that they are virile vermillion in hue. As whiskers, they are so much all right that there can be no specific charge brought against them. The trouble must lie deeper than the mere esthetic phase If the whisker question. It can be nothing more or less than jealousy. And it is too bad that the green-eyed monster has so early found a place at the cabinet table. Still, that Britisher who hit a suf fragette in the mouth with a. c.lod need not brag about his nlarksmaln shilp. Snmlle of thotse months are mighty big. Today King George of Greece cele brates the fiftieth anniversary of his accssion to to the lellenic throne. Thei ci le.ration Ciles at an opportune time. The general senltiment in New York doubtless is that, if anybody had to be robbed, it was good judgment toI select a pawnbroker. The grollndhot was five-sixths right, anyway. But the wrong sixth came on the endt wihre it should have been right. The prospcts for the participation of white- winged doves in the Mexicanl Easter celebration, are vory sliml. We agree with tile Sociey for Peace that the canal-toll qluestionl is not worth fighting over. lHaving spent the winter signing laia lnitratct, the baseball player will inow proceed to play ball. The Turks are unwilling to accept the terms of the allies, but they may have to do it. Considering the heavy track Bill Houston is showing good speed in tlhe campaign. Again the suffragettes are reminded that it all depends upon who throws the brick. But Dr. Hyde would probably rath er have a disagreement than a con viction. St. Patrick has no cause to com plain about Missoula's observance. It is up to the weather man now to gF t the Highlanders into shape. If a candidate asks you to take a drink, call the police. LifeSaving Service By Frederic J. Haskin. The United States life saving ser vice has been a fully organized de partment of the federal government since 1878, and was. the first in the world to be put on a national basis. It has led all others since that time, both in size and in the devising and use of inventions pIculiar to its needs. The United States has the longest coast line of any maritime power and the service necessarily parallels it. Today it maintains 13 districts and 290. stations. The net annual ex to nditures for the fiscal year 1912 1913 were $2,346,881.12. o\ver 10,000 miles of coast were guarded ,includ ing 2,500 miles along the Great lakes. Rescue work was extended to 1,671 vessels, carrying 6,631 passengers, the total value of commnercial and per sinal property being $11,048,420, in tho, past year. Notwithstanding the great length of oulr coasts, which are very danllger ous ill souume places, the life saving business of ouir country struggled along with very pitiful results for nearly a ('century. The Massachusetts Iluimane soclety was the first in the field in 1786, when, it put a few huts along the miiost desolate ;and ldanger ous parts of the lMassachusetts coast for the sluccor of mariners. The first hut was ibuilt on IiLvell's island, near Ioston, In 1807 it established the first life boat stat-ion at Cohasset. l''ederal interest began in 1848 with an apprp,riation to the snciety of $10,000, and later the government ult real life into its own small service iat Cape ('od. Interest, however, was spas iidic until 1870-71, the \intter of which is memorable for several fatal storms ailong the Atlaintic coast there life-sa-ving statlions should have been. George S. Iloutwell, then secretary of the treasury, took the mautter uIm wilth such vigor thalt hle secure'llld(( all applropriationl of $200,ol000 on April 20, 1871. then Sumnier I. Kimball, chief of the revenue Iiarine service, was; lut ill charge of the 'if1. saving sta tions. lie is the heart of the service anut direets It today with the same sympalthy hat he did 42 years ago. An investigtgtion, made in 1871 by Mr. liimball anid I'Captain John Faunce of tihe revenue marinem sorvicc, sh1itwed .1 tdeliorable condition of affairs at the varlious stations due to ne'glect alndl lack of systiemi. More' hel from con grss wats fortlheoing thereafter. In 1878 congress provided for the organ ization of the service, thanks to the eloquence of the famous conngressman, "Sunset" Cox. The bill passed the house of representatives without a dissenting voice and barely lacked a nuanimousu vote in the senate. Mr. lKimball was inmmediatelly ,ppo intedl and:l confirmed as general superin tendent and has held the position ever since. The majority of the 290 life-saving stations, as well as the houses of ref uge, are located on the Atlantic coast, although adequate provision is made fl.r the Pacific coast, the Gulf of Mex ice and the Great lakes. A unique station is at the falls of the Ohio river at Louisville, Ky., and there is an interesting station on the lake shore at Chid~ao. The Atlantic coast has the mast stations because of its terrors, aid In some places they are only five miles apart, with their re spective Patrols meeting day and night. From the eastern extremity of the coast of Maine to Race Point on Cape Cod there are 415 miles which abound wAh stony headlands, Jagged islets, rocks and reefs, and tortuous channels. Cape Cod itself reaches out irto the ocean 40 miles. Its sound bars have seen the murder of hun dreds of vessels and their precious freight by the ruthless elements. The c.oasts of Long Island and Jersey are exposed to all the eastern storms and their shifting sands offer further dan gers to the life-saving crew. On the Gulf of Mexico terrific "northers" must be braved. Sudden storms of great violence on the Great lakes take their annual toll of life and ships and defy Uncle Sam's fighters. The life-saving stations are p'ar.n but solid buildings which shelter the keeper and his crew of six or seven men and give storage space to sup plies and life-saving equipment. In the majority of stations the first floor is divided into four rooms: A boat room; messroom, which is also the general living room; the keeper's room, and a storeroom. Wide double leafed doors and a sloping platform running from the sils to the ground, facilities the running out of the heav ier equipment. The two rooms of the second story are for sleeping quarters and for the refuge of shipwrecked persons. A few lrage stations have two extra rooms, a kitchen and a bed room for visitors. On each station is a lookout where a day watch is kept. The roofs of the stations which face the sea are painted dark red so that they may be seen afar. They are also distin guished by a flag-staff 60 feet high. from which signals are sent to vessels in the International ('ode. Houses of refuge are, as the name implies, simply furnished little places interspersed among the stations. The general equipment of a station con sists of two surfboats with oars, life boat compass, etc., a boat carriage, two sets of breeches-buoy apparatus, including a Lyle gun and accessories, a transportation cart, a life-car, 20 cork jackets, 12 Coston signals, 13 sig nal rockets, a set of signal flags of the International ('ode, a medicine thest, barometer, tools, etc. Horses are sometimes used to facilitate the transportation of boats and supplies to the scene of a wreck. Wherever it is possible all stations are connected by telephone. The station at Louisville is a pecu liar affair, and the only river station in the service. It is a floating scow shaped hull which supports a two story house with its lookout on the roof. It is equipped with two life skiffs and two reels, each with capac ity to hold a coil of five-inch Manila rope. The station is usually moored above the dam, where boats are in the greatest danger. But it can be towed from placerto place and by be ing so handled1 during the great floods of 1883-84 Ait rescued helpless persons front the roofs of houses and altogether saved 800 people and sup plied food to over 10,000 sufferers. It is one of the show places of the Ken tucky metropolis. The life stations proper are very strohg and have been known to be carried a half-mile in land by a storm without being se verely dIarmne.d. Eight months is the average "active season" in which the crews are on daily duty. The crews go through drill every week day, the most im portant of which is practice with the beach apparatus. A spar or wreck pole represents q stranded vessel. It is put 75 yards distant--over the water, if possible--from the place where the men operate, representing the beach. Each man when called describes his particular duty. When the order is given the men pull the apparatus to the scene of the "wreck," throw their line, cast the breeches buoy across the spar which represents the sinking ship, and then pull the supposedly helpless voyager ashorg. A crew is expected to effect such a "rescue" within five minutes and the inspector or district superintendent sees that the mark is met. Several crews have done it in two and one half minutes. Such proficiency is the rule that actual rescues frequently are made in total darkness, regardless of the storm. Patrols are out all night, no matter how terrible the weather. When a setinel sights a wreck, he immediately sets off his t'oston cartridge, the red, flaring light, informing the vessel that the life-saving service has sighted her. The nearest station is on the scene with the speed of a fire depart ment. The seilf-bailing, self-righting lifeboats, which capsize but once in every 118 trips, are used if possible. This failing, the wreck gun is fired off, often throwing the hawser as far as 700 yards. The passengers are then hauled ashore, either in the breeches buoy or the lifecar. Lifeboats equipped with gasoline motor-power are now used extensively by thle serv ice, over 100 types being employed. The service 'as the first in the world to make practical use of motor-power. All other nations have copied our plan, and (:tnalda adopted it bodily. Whatever the (teuns employed to res cue human beings and care for help less shipping, the life-savers are on the job day and hight in the per formance of heroic deeds as a matter of 'course. Not only do life-saving crews res cue shipwrecked people in the teeth of the gale, but they have a record of making themselves useful in a hundred othler ways. 'Restoration of the apparently drowned, first-aid to the injured and treatment of frost bites are all in the day's work to them. One of the most important items of miscellaneous service in 1911 was the answering of 73 fire calls. Assistance was given 117 times to other branches of the federal government, particular ly the lighthouse and revenue cutter service, Last year aid was given to 2,015 vessels, documented and undocu mented, 101 people were rescued from drowning and 202 fishermen were given food and shelter during storms. For all this work In behalf of hu manity the life-saverg draw only $65 per month., while attually employed, ranging from eight to 12 months.. Keepers of complete stations are paid $1,000, while district superintendents draw $2,200. The keepers of houses "Better N Babies. Taking the Measure of a Prize Baby W O of the finest babies in Colorado each recently won one hundred dollars in gold. These two are the first to win the Woman's Home Companion Better Babies Prizes offered in each state in the Union. The story of this Colorado Baby Contest is the significant and wonderful story of perfectly healthy, splendidly formed,. prize-winning babies, told in the WOMAN'S HOME COMPANION April number now on Sale. The Wide-awake Newsdealers sell it of refuge where there are no crews, get $600. Admission into the serv ice is secured only by civil service ex amination afnd a rigid physical test. Applicants rhust be between 21 and 45 years old and cannot have any finan cial interest whatever in a wrecking company. Superintendent Kimball has been urging a pension and re tiremnent system for years. Such a hill passed the senate in 1910, but was not reached in the house. Tomorrow--The Capital of Capitals. "LAUGHING JACKASS" AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL London, March 17.--Australians are considerably agitated, according to the Daily Chronicle's correspondent in "Melbourne, by the report that "Can barra," the name recently selected for the new ideal capital city of the com monwealth, really means "laughing jackass." Archibald Meston, a noted Queens land authority on aboliginal names, makes the amnusing assertion after having studied the, derivation of the word. The laughing jackass of Aus tralia is not a jaickass lit a large bird which is highly appreciated by farm ers because it kills snakes. The nname "laughing jackass" is given to the bird because oif its m~.ucous cry which it emits usuallly at sunup and sulndowxn. The cry Si rlesemibles tihe' laulghter of a humaitn hieing in uncontrollied glee that it is almnast implossible for those who heair it cionstantly to, retain their gravity. DUKE WILL EXPERIMENT AS AN AGRICULTURIST London, March1 17.-The Duke of Marllorough's anllollneed intention of placing 1,000 acres of meadow land on his estate at Bllenheim under the plow.' has attracted great attention here. The dluke, who owns 20,01)0 acres, has chosen this imethod of waging a cam paign against the present govetrn ment's proposed legislation in the di rection of the nationalization of land in the British isles. The duke argues 'that at private landlord can administer his land more cheaply and efficiently than the state. lie will endeavor to demonstrate his theory showing that he can employ a greater number of latorers, pay them hetter wages and produce a greater yield than would be p9ssible under state administratlion. GREAT WiRELESS PLANT TO BE BUILT ON CANAL \\'ashington.m March 17. -Reir Ad nliral Sta.fodl, chief of the bureau of ylrds aili diiks. has just completed pltants for thle cnstruction of the second set of great naval wireless towers whic'h will toe erected on the. canal zone at (t'illnltn, practically dul1 eating the initial pilaht on the Arlington reservation noilr this city. There will ibe three 600-foot ster'.l tow ors, proplosals for c'llstrtucting w\hicll will te opeil' d April 12. With a hundred kilowvatt radio set, it is believed this station should be able to communicalte directly or by relay with similar high power stations to be erected by the navxy in the Hawaiian islands, Tutuila, Samoa, Guamn and the Phillipines. WIRELESS IN ARCTIC. San lrancis'n; March 17.--lxlplo'rer Vilhjahnar Stefanvsen's chartered ship, the old whaler Karluck, now steaming on the first leg of her trill to the Arctic, will carry to the far no.rth the first wireless outfit for use on a polar shore, to be set up at Stefanssen's base in Prince Patrick land. A motion picture machine also will be taken along. BRIBERY IS CHARGE OF WOODBURY NEW HAMPSHIRE LEGISLATOIRS SAID TO HAVE OFFERED VOTES FOR SALE. Concord, N. H., March 17.-Gordon \Woodbury, who was a candidate for United States senator in the contest that ended last Thursday with the cho(ie of HIenry F. Hollls, eharged be fore a legislative investigating com mittee today that a member of the legislature had offered to sell his vote arnd deliver three other votes for $1,000. Two other witnesses testified that they had been improperly ap proached in the prolonged balloting. WVoodoury was an anti-Hollis demo crat and the support he received pre vented for a time the election of Hol LET ELECTRIC HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES DO YOUR WORK Electric Range for Cooking Electric Cleaner for Sweeping Electric Washer for Washing Electric Motor for Sewing Electric Light for Lighting Electricity for Everything Missoula Light & Water Company it 4 lis. Ile testified that a representa tive, whom he named, called at his of fice and said that if Mr. Woodbury would produce the money he could have fou/ votes then being cast (against him. The witness said that he was not interested and showed the man the door. William D. Young, a business asso ciate of WVoodbury, told the committee that the man mentioned by his part ner had said to him that he and two others would vote for Woodbury for $200 each. Representative John S. Wheeler of Manchester testified that the alleged briber .met him on a railroad train and exhibiting a large roll of bills, offered to put the witness in the way of making $800 or $900 at the legis lature. The committee adjourned tonight for a week. IRISH WRECK STORE. Red fIank, N. J., larh 17.l--A five. and ten-cent store was wreck(ed today by an angry nobl (if Irishmen who oh jected to St. Patrick's day souvenirs displayed in the windows, which they declared held up to ridicule things they considered sacred.