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-TE DAIJV MISSOULIAN
VOL. XXXIX. NO. 322. MISSOULA, MONTANA, SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 23, 1913. PRICE FIVE CENTS ,, .a= . .. . ..., , .... . . . . .. ... .. . . . .. . .. . ILLINOIS VICE COMMISSION PUTS IN DAY IN WASHINGTON MANY NEW FEATURES IN THE DOWNFALL OF WOMEN ARE BROUGHT OUT. PRESIDENT WISON SEEN The Executive Takes Under Consider ation the Request to Call National ~onference-Tax on Bachel6rs Sug :1ºsted, as well as Whipping Post for 'All White-Slavers. Washington, March 22.--The whip ping post for whLte-slave traffickers and seducers of women, a tax upon bachetorhood, more careful training of children and abolition of joy rides ahd ragtime dancing were advocated as remedies for the social evil at a hearing here today conducted by the Illinois Senatorial vice commission which came to Washington primarily to interest President Wilson in a nation-wide vice crusade. The commission secured the promise of rra4gent Wilson to consider their requet~ fov -him to call a conference of goversior and representatives of vice commissions from various states to study the socipl problem, the confer ence to ,be held in Washington as soon as practicable. Congressman Robert H'ill of Illinois agreed on request of the committee to introduce in congress a !bill creating a commission to look into vice conditions in the District of Col ,mbia, At the hearing, attended by many prominent women and men interested in social welfare work, the law wage question as a cause of girls going wrong was discussed, several of the witnesses decrying the idea, insisting that lack of education and resisting force had much more to do with the downfall of women. Men, too, were blamed as. principally responsible for the degradation of girls. Witnesses who declared that low wages were not responsible for social vice admitted, however, on being ques tioned by Lieutenant Governor O'Hara, head of the commission, that higher wages for working girls would better equip them to resist evil, and all rec ommended that a minimum wage law for girls would be of great benefit. The Minimum Wage. Eight dollars a week as a minimum wage Tor women was the generally accepted sum estimated by the wit nesses, Mrs. Harvey W. Wiley, wife of the former chief of the 'bureau of chemistry, being one who mentioned that sum as a minimum as a wage for girls. Mrs. Wiley advocated sex hygiene as one of the 'basic remedies for the so cial evil, urged women police 'for cities and enfrachiserment of women. "Give us the franchise," she said, "and we will raise the age of consent so that 12-year-old girls cannot have their bodies given away." Mrs. Wiley and other witnesses also declared that employers of under-paid girls and women had not the moral right -to give money to charities out of the earnings of their enterprises up til they had increased the wages of their employes. Dr. W. C. Woodward, health officer of the Distrigt of Columbia, urged the encouragement of early marriage among young men as one of the remedies for .'the social evil and he placed the re 'sponsibility for ' the downfall of 90 per cent of women" directly at the. door of men rather than in the counting room of 'the department stores or fac tory. He approved a suggestion by :Senator Beall of Illinois qf law im posing a tax upon bachelors between 'the ages of 24 and 42, saying all men over 32 years should pay an annual tax of $100. Dr. Woodward presented some astonishing statistics, among them that 50 per cent of the men, as shown in his list of patients, and that 10 per cent were afflicted with loathsome diseases, "Unlawful places," said Dr. Wood ward, "are the morasses from which "these diseases come. State education 3s the best means for eradicating these places." Dr. Woodward gave statistics show ing that 10 per cent of all the recorded bIrths in the District of Columbia last year were illegitimate, the mothers ibeing between 18 and 20 years of age dn the majority of cases. Irobert Barrett, speaking for his mother, Kate Wailler Barrett, head of the Florence Crtitenton home for girls throughout the country, took vigorous issue with the commission on the mat ter of low wages as a -ause of vice, as did also Mrs. Adolph Kahn of 'Washiniston, Mr. Barrett said that the Florence CXrittenton homes had cared for more than 20,000 wayward girls throughout the country, and information f~rom these girls showed that low wages were the least ot the causes of im morality. "We believe it is not righlt or fair to say that a low wage is the real reason for vice," Mr. Barrett said. "There are more society girls, girls from good homes, with fathers able to provide for them emply. who have fall len into vice and come, to be inmates ·ot the Florence Crittentoan homes tha wega.-earnis grlrs. Very few wh, (C(osstiznued on. aeu seven.) CITIZENS TO1 HELP SUFFERERS, Mobile, -Ala., March 22.-Mobile citizens'are canvassing tonight for money and supplies for the relief of-storm victims at Lower Peach tree, Ala., which virtually was wiped out by a cyclone Friday. Reports from the stricken dis trict have brought the death list in that section up to 28. Many are reported seriously ,hurt. Besides sending appeals to Presi dent Wilson and Governor O'Neil, ;Mobile citizens are raising a fund for the immediate relief of the suf ferers who have lost their homes. POLBS DECORATED WITH MEXICAN CORPSES THREE MADERO SYMPATHIZERS PAY PENALTY FOR ACTIVI TIES WITH LIVES. El Paso, Texas, 'March 22.-Hanging from railway telegraph poles at Sauz, between Chihuahua City and the bor der, are the bodies of Mariano Rodri gues, former police chief of Juares, and Rafael Esquir, an aged newspaper vender of the two border towns.. 'On the band of the hat worn by Esquir, who was credited with religious fanat icism, are printed the strange words "Soldado de par," (soldier of peace). Taunting their victims with this motto, familiar to residents of El Paso and Juarez, who patronized the ven dor, federal troops last Wednesday re moved Equir and Rodrigues from the jail where they had been -held for po litical offenses. It was charged that Esquir had written for a weekly news paper, ,blaming General Huerta with the slaying of Madero. While Esquir cried curses on the heads of the soldiers, Mariano Rodrl gues, a young Mexican who had fought with Madero 'in the first revolution, met his death calmly. An unidenti fled political prisoner also was hanged, according to persons arriving here to day. From points below Chihuahua City come belated reports of raiding of ranches and small towns. At a vil lage near the state capital, bandits in the guise of constitutionalists raided dwellings and mercantile houses. After even robbing children's (toy banks of their pennies, the raiders left the town crying, "Viva la con stituclon." With Insurgent state forces contin uing to interrupt traffic about Torreon, Parral, and Santa Rosalia, General Antonio Rabago at Chihuahua City has issued an appeal for volunteers to patrol the railway. Few responded. Some 2,000 federal regulars dare not leave the state capital where infantry and cavalry are dging police duty in the streets in (ear of anti-Huerta dem onstrations. A KNIFE FOR TAFT. Augusta, Ga., March 22.-The Boy Scouts of Augusta presented former President Taft with a gold knife this morning. A delegation of scouts called on Mr. Taft at his hotel just before he went to the golf course. He ex pressed deep appreciation of the gift and told the scouts he would be back here next March to see how they were progressing. FRUIT DISTRIBUTORS HAVE SELLING PLANS North Yakima, Wash., March 22. Nine trustees of the North Pacific Fruit Distributors' association an nounced at noon today that they had agreed on a selling plan by which the organization will handle the crops of 300,000 acres in four northwest states. The association represents the fruit growers of Montana, Idaho, Idaho, Oregon and Washington. The trustees estimated that they will handle 15,000 carloads of fruit this year. A co-operative selling and dis tributing agency will handle straw berries, cherries, peaches, pears, prunes and apples in carload lots. Contracts will be signed within a few days, it was said, with the nine subordinate districts of the northwest. The trustees will remain here until all contracts are signed. AN AGED SUICIDE. Pleasant Grove, Utah, March 22. Blind and ill with pneumonia, An drew C. Thompson, 77 years of age, committed suicide today by slashing his throat with his grandson's pocket knife. His son, who was watching by the bedside, fell saleep to be aroused by the groans of the biWnd men, who died soon after. "SHE MIGHT AS WELL BE DEAD!" f O $Ats MAS. 2ArtIoN, 1 ý-- off ETTR. wýY +:LE -ýO DL TNK OT ýN TYL Sr RS O'KSM IN MOST SECTIONS WILL EASTER DAY BE KIND UNCLE SAM'S WEATHER MAN 'IS QUITE CHEERFUL IN HIS PROGNOSTICATIONS. 'Washington, March 22.-The weather forecaster relented tonight and sent to American womanhood-suffragist and anti-suffragist, united in the common cause of beautiful clothes-the joyfuL1 tidings of a fair Easter day in most sections of the United States. A golden sun undImmed in a cloudless sky, will shine, he promised, upon the blush and bloom of the Easter parade in the greater part of the country. In the middle west and Rocky mountain country the weather will be not only fair but warmer. There are some dismal spots in the prediction, however. Though Ithe rav aging storm of the past few days has gone out of the country, it is an nounced that another seems to be forming on the Pacific coast and may mar Easter Sunday there. Easter bonnets, buds and blooms probably will be given a 'touch of frost on the'Atlantic seaboard, over which the recent storm has left its aftermath of coldness. Sadly and timidly does the forecaster intimate the probability of rain in the gulf states. Though the day will be fair in most sections, the weather man warns that the Easter display should end with the setting of the sun, for unsettled con ditions and probably rain will spread over most of the country, especially in the middle west and east at nightfall. NEW SEATS IN HOUSE. Washington, March 22.-The house chamber of the capitol wears a strange aspect today, for the old desks and revolving chairs have disappeared and in their place prim rows of benches have been substituted. The new benches will provide seats for 450 persons or 15 more than the 'present membership of the house. These extra seats will be occupied, however, if congress adopts the plan c of permitting cabinet members to - appear on the floor and engage in d the debates on bills. FOR GOOD GOVERNMENT Tomorrow, at the polls, the voters of Missoula will give expression to the policy which will determine whether Missoula is to continue as a well-governed, progres sive city or is to recede from the position which she occupies as the best-adminis tered municipality in Montana. A vote for William H. Houston is a vote for the continuance of the present policy. Such a vote is the best boost you can give your home town this spring. As a member of the city commission, Mr. Houston has made a record which will stand the closest scrutiny. The citizens' committee which, at the request of the commission, recently investigated the affairs of the city, pays a splendid tribute to the work of Mr. Houston and the other commissioners. Every man in Missoula knows that the city was never so orderly as now. It is also a fact that the police department never cost the city as little as now. A vote' for William H. Houston tomorrow is a vote for good government and a rebuke to the villainous attacks which have recently been made upon this man. Every decent citizen has a duty to perform tomorrow-that duty is to cast his ballot at the primary for Houston. WOMEN IN ALASKA CAN VOTE Juneau, Alaska, Mlarch 22.---Gov ernor Walter F1. CIlark signed yes terday the bill giving the ballot to the women of Alaska. 'This was the first bill passed by the Alaskai legislature, and ywill beeome effec tive in 90 days. The bill passed without a negative vote in either house. Since the passage of the bill the members have received congratulatory messages fron sutf fragette leaders throughout tile United States. WIRELESS MESSAGE CROSSES OCEAN OPERATORS IN EIFFEL TOWER IN PARIS RECEIVE FROM AR LINGTON STATION. Paris, Marc'h l22.-'the wireless sta tion of tile Eilifel tower today caught a short, complelte message froti the Arlington, Va., station. The contli tions were ulnfutt rable, andl there was muclh interferec, frolll other statiolns on both sides of the Atlantic. The Amllerica military atltache, Com mander HIetiry II. l-o ugih, anld Profes sor Asaph Itall of the WVashnllgtoni naval observatory spetld iev'ry night from 1 o'cloc nniil 6 o'clock on tihe Eiffel tower assistin.g th I.rench ob servers. 'Nothing Received Here. lVrashington, tMarch 22.--Faint ratio signals were tldly received frol tlhe 11ffel tower stat:ion in Paris by teli arlington station of the navy, but there were no coherent Imessages Itt was said that this was due largely to the recent st ,nrI that has disturbed atmospheric conditions on this side of the Atlantie. Within the last few days there hsi been inuch inlterference from ILa .\eS paper station in New York, but thisI station has now agreed to keep out for a <week. Not nluch pIrogress Is expected to be t made at this time of the year, because of unfavorable static conditions. ONLY TEMPORARILY ISFORESTRY FUND HELD BACK MONEY FOR NEW SCHOOL WILL BE APPROPRIATED AS SOON AS AVAILABLE. (SIta f Correspondenfce.) Hllenna, March 22.--The stato board of examinersI this afternoon gave out to the press the following official state "The har i:d hasI suspDndetd an ap propu'riation of $7,500 for 1913-14 und 1914-15 for Iheerments at the state fair, ian an :approprintion of $6,000 for each year inmediatelly etnsuing for the for estry schiil at the iUniversity of Mon nna. :and an nppropriation of $11, 66h.:31 in favor of the Daly Bank & Trust companl y an.ld others on account iof ie'rtin lanlds purchased for the stlat fair, and an appmrprlation for a horticultural building at the state fair amounting to $25,000, not ar I hitrarily nor even permanently, ibut for the roeaon that ,the board feels thalt until such time as the board Is assured that funds will be available to meet the appropriations miade by the last legislative assembly, Inclu sive of the $(10,000 constitutional lhnit, those appropriations ought to be suspended. If In the future it shall appear that funds are available to meilt th(ise approprlatlons the board has the authority and the Inclination promptlly to restore them. '"In the matter of the suspenslon of i the alppirolpriation itn favor of the DIaly Ilanki & Trust comilpany and hot(le'rs, anil agreement has been reached by the oaord with those interested In tihe arol)lpriatilon that they will not demand their money until such time Sas funds ore, available. "In addition to these appropriations which have 1eOn susplended by formal action of the hoard there are numerous othelr approprliations made for vart Ious purposes., bu)t which cannot be coiini. effective until the board of exam iners orders the work done for which the appropriation was mlade. In view of this fact the board did not feel it necessary to suslpend these approprl (Continue:l on Page Five) END OF BALKAN STRUGGLE EXPECTED IN A FEW DAYS TREATMENT HELPS PATIENTS New York, March 22.-Ton suf ferers from tutberculosis who were inoculated bY Dr. F, F. Fried 1at111, decIured at a clinic held by the Berlin physician today that health has illproved since receiv ing the treatment. Dr. Friedmann annollunced that two weeks hence he will return to Germany for a brief period to complete unfinished laboratory tests. lie will return to the United States hopeful that by that time the government health authorities will have, recognized his vccinle as a care!. EARLY SETTLEMENT OF TARIFF FIGHT IS DESIRED THE PRESIDENT WANTS A SAT ISFACTORY BILL BEFORE CONGRESS CONVENES. Washington, March 22.-President Wilson hopes to do most of the fight ing for tariff revision before congress begins its work early in April, The ,prostlent is of the oplinion that it is better to do theo talking and the fight ing-if any . . neee.aary -before the special session is far along, rather than allow differences of o oinion to ('rop ou t as the tariff Iprogresses Ithrollght co;elgross, Ile expects to give the a,:llmistra It, .'s ,aclking to a tarf bii 1 tha: will re tlosent the views of ilistl' and hitl c l.ilnct, leaders of both the sellnct ani house aII ¶ of the country .It large i'i well. IVthin the next few weeks ho will consult with pa.ry leadlers fro qutantly and as soon as t:i schllellil's of the Payne-Aldrich talrff 11111 have )been chtanged to conf w!ll to ile:no cratlc standards, he wlil got together with thleso leaders to determinel upon the plan that is to receivce lhi support. The ptresihent wishes to soe the forces of thel White hlouse al those of congress united in an effort to pass 'the tariff legislation on whtlch tlhey all are agreed. Not only will the lpreslolnt consult dol(raetic leaders, but he will talkc over w'ith disisnteresoted business men roepresntin g tll sectionts iof the coIn-11 try thi plrvposed chltanges died their t"robahble effect on various industries. To Hold Conferences. 'The i president does not Intend to hold anily tloirings ioni the tariff fromtt tilen to Itime he will confer with friends familiar with t artIlclar sche.ulles. I'n already has Illhd several sluch ol- I foretnces and more will follow before April 7. lii is anxious to got the ideas of the country iupont tariff re vislni, is uplo1 other subjectls and will noit hestitl . tote caall in meTII not in publihi lIfe to otanin thils Information. Ithe tariff Is forrnulst in the prest dent's .qmind. tll has not. present In tentiont of ttietptiig to 1onfine the activities of the spcit'lal session to tariff only, but is it ilined t ttlhei be lief that it Is litter not to lmnake out in adlva:icei "anlly adrnhtistlration pro gram of legislathon 'wh'ich might tbe ' diserratiged by ulnexpioted complica tions." If the tarlif sailing is tsmooth, cur rency refl'rtl and other subljects re garded by the qresident as less Im portant ma.y hb taken up :Ind pit thrtoughi their first stages at least be fore adjournlment is taken. ELECTON OF WILSON MEANS CLEAN POLITICS (Omaha, Nb., March 22.-Williamrn Jennings Bryan, secretary of state, and Mrs. Bryan, were the guests of honor tonight at a dinner given by the University clubl of Omaha. Mr. i lryan said that more educated men had supported Wilson than any pre vious democratic candidate and pre dicted that the elevation of a man so thoroughly identified with college life would tend to draw other college menI into political activity and thus bring politics to a higher plane. Mr. Bryan declared that President Wilson was an ardent advocate of universal peace; that he was a consci entious man and that his sympathies were with the common people. BODY FOUND. Hot Springs, Ark., March 22.-After a week's search the body of F. A. Peck, general superintendent of the St. Louis & Southwestern railroad, who disappeared from a hotel here March 12, was found yesterday in the woods, a revolver in one hand and a bullet wound in his right temple. Mr. Peck has been in Ill health and came to Hot Springs several weeks ago. TURKS ARE IN HOPELESS CONDI TION AND ALLIES ARE READY TO QUIT. POWERS PRESENT TERMS Bulgarian Premier Is Given Schemes Which Powers Wish to Make the Basis of Mediation-Adrianople Still Holding Out and Allies Are Losing Heart-and Money. London, 'March 22.--The develop. molts of the last week appear to make the conclusion of the talikan war a matter of only a few days. Turkey, having no hopes of obtaining more tmoney, has entrusted her interests to the good offices of the powers. and th,e allies have accepted the powers' offer of' mediattion. T'he represenltatives of the tiv\oers at Sofla today handed thte lutlga.rian premier their schemes em llodyLing a. basis for mediation. Their plan inchldes two provisions to which the allies will likely object. The de mand for indemnity is vetoed, and the powers stipulate that hostilities must cease when their proposals are ac cepted. It appears improbable, however, that the allies will refuse to settle on the terms now offered. The war has come praetie'aly to a de~t dlock. Fighting on the 'T''hatalia lilnes has been Inde cisive. Adrialnople, which the Pul garianis proposed to redulce to submls slon Iit few days, seems to be hold out as strongly as ever tafter a five tmionths' siege, and a wireless tntssage from thefre today d.t-clres that the Turkilshl collmmander Ihis9 no thought of su rrender. Austria has sent oit a secOlnd note to the Miontentegrins, ireltirling that the hIonllillt retiof SentIIIIr be confined to the forts, and giving one week for Kling Nicholas to compllly with her other dliemands., IRals.a is not bnoklng the Aiustitriln poll icy, and its the ipowers havte l4reed that Mllontenegro shall not kllee Scutari, ie\en If lhe conquerlll the gatrrison, lbut that that city shall ibe inclorlprated iIi tle lew AI lbaniain state, King NichoIlats seems to have no altern alive but to mllitke a virttue of a neces sity. JI the allies attempt to withstand the maiindiate otf , )iroipe, they might prove to 'be a hornet's nest, but the wuttlk potin ii their armll-or is that their finasllces arie almost as ineair ttn (-itd as TurI' rkey's. iTha hnbltssalidors i Londton, who hail IbIein seantered for the ibistlor holl day, hlaveL betton rec'alled and arl In con stantl. consulltation over the details of the tilluation. Ttheir view of the out . scoii is op1t itili c. - . -.. . . . . . . .. . . . . FOR GOVERNMENT MONOPOLIES. Berlin, March 22.-The German gov ernlnent in order to cover the continu ally increasing expenditures of the army, is contemDplating the establish ieont of government monopolies in the sale of eigarettes, matches and alco hol. The Lokal Anzelger says the government Intended originally to rely on other sources of revenue for this purpose but opposition from several of the federated states was encoun tered. NO ATLANTIC PATROL. WVashlngton, March 22.-The United States probably will not patrol the north Atlantcl steamship lane for Ice bergs, In view of the action of the British board of trade and British ste(lnishllp Interests in sending the whaler Hcotia for tile patrol. The New York lmarine exchange strong ly urged the treasury department to nsasig- revenue cutters to the work. but Secretary McAdoo thinks the British action sufflcient. BIGELOW MEMORIAL. New York, March 22.-Announce ilent was made here today that a committee has been formed to erect a memorial to the late John Bigelow. the distinguished publiclst, diplo matist and United States minister to France during the civil war. The pre else form of the memorial has not yet been decided, but it is proposed to raise a fund of $100,000 to defray the cost. THREE-HEADED CHILD. Appleton, Wis., March 22.-A child with three heads was born to Mrs. Louis Palm of Appleton today. The main head Is longer than the other two and is the one closest to the trunk of the body. On top of the main head is a neck surmounted by the two other heads. It is said the child cannot live, as it was born with a broken spine. DESTROYER LALUNCHED. Philadelphia, March 22.-The torpedo boat destroyer Benham, named after Rear Admiral A. K. Benham. retired, was launched today at the Cramp ship pard. The vessel was christened by Miss Edith Wallace Benham, only daughter of the admiral. A SHOCK. 1 Fort de France, March 22.-An earthquake shock was felt here short ly before noon today. Little damage has been reported.