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The Daily Missoulian. [volume] (Missoula, Mont.) 1904-1961, March 31, 1913, Morning, Image 4

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Tfl DAILY MISSOULIAN
Ptvbilaked Uvery Day in the YeTa.
)ZtSOUILIAN PUBLISHING CO.
Missoula, Montana.
Uttered at the postoffice at Missoula,
Montana, as second-class mail matter.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES.
(In Advance)
Daily, one month ............................$0.75
Daily, three months ..........................2.25
Daily, six months ................. . 4.00
Daily, one year ................................. 8.00
Postage added for foreign countries.
TELEPHONE NUMBER.
Bell...................110 Independent....510
MISSOULA OFFICE.
189 and 131 West Main Street.
Hamilton Office
181 Main Street, Hamilton, Mont.
The Missoulian may be found on
sale at the following newstands out
side of Montana:
Chicago-Chicago Newspaper Agen
cy, N. E. corner Clark and Madison
streets.
Minneapolis-World News Co., 219
North Fourth street.
Salt Lake City-MacGillia & Lud
Pdig.
San Francisco-United News Agents.
Portland-Consolidated News Co.,
Seventh and Washington.
Seattle - Eckart's News Agency,
First avenue and Washington; W. O.
Whitney.
Spokane-Jamleson News Co.
Tacoma-Trego News Co., Ninth
and Pacific.
SUBSCRIBERS' PAPERS.
The Missoulian is anxious to give
the best carrier service; therefore, sub
scribers are requested to report faulty
delivery at once. In ordering paper
changed to new address, please give
old address also. Money orders and
checks should be made payable. to
The Missoullan Publishing Company.
MONDAY, MARCH 31, 1913.
Such is the patriot's boast, wher
o'er we roam
His first, best country ever is at
home.
Goldsmith.
THE LOCAL ISSUE.
One week from today Missoula will
elect a commissioner. In the cam
plaigning of this week, Misoula voters
should keep always before them the
real issue involved. It is for them to
decide at the polls, next Monday,
v, hether they want a clean, economical
government or an administration
which is in the hands of a political
gang. That is all there is to it. (oem
iriissioner Houston stands for a clean,
business-like administration. His can
didacy represents the spirit of the
cmnmission form of government. His
record as a member of the present
connnission stands for itself; it shows
what he has done and it is only by
what a man has done that he nmiy be
judgedi as to what lie will do. There
should be no shirking at the coming
election; every vote should be cast.
Missoula should go on record so
siringly for good government that
there can be no doubt is to where she
stands. A lets for Bill Ilouston will
be a vote for right government. And
in what we say of this issue, there is
no intention to criticize the person
ality of the opllsling candidate. But
it is the element which is hack of hiir,
in opposition to Mr. Houston, that de
fines the issue so clearly. That ele
inenit wiould stamp as unsafe any
candidate whose cause it might
esisluse. 'i'he way for Missoula to in
sure a contiiluanl e l 'f good govern
Inet if ihe viii ill elect Houston
liv a vole w ilh ill 0 he imprlressively
largit.
BRIGHTENING.
fiiiid-strii'krrl iistrlils iili, thr Oil
valley i lla more ilil Ilratilin III lieu liit
feared it would Ill. ilT' ll'lill'r' loss
is great. tol be sore, 1111 ilial is .i slaill
thing in coiiiiiristi with liii ilstruli
tirin of Ihluran liii. It 011111 IhIt
the miiracle fur which lsllvrnr n
prayed was liIrfilrllll iiui tii. if
thousaniis of lives oere saied I II Iv
it was thought uni1tiion I 1a5 liips
ble. Tile nautioni has glolod calls' fill
thanksgiving. Ini liii 011k if rnullr
ins the property damilagi' 1the piolltiI
or the afflicted regliri are lrouei''iing
with characteristic couirasie amll eni
ergy. A whole nation offers them1 irs
aid, There will be irnilllt restiiratio111.
And the dams wvililibe rebuilt lire
stronglyr
CONSTANTINE.
rTrere is more history to rue acre in
Greece than in almost anly tither slut
on thi seartil. There is interest in the
succeaaion of Constantine to the
thtions. He takee up the scepter as a
vu4 tbleg war lord. in the vecry flutsh
offagalfticoat victory over a sullerior
1oE tesnagaoggly popular with his
I4y an~tary success lie
- ~ himself ws'ilt the
eome of
A GOVERNOR'S OPTIMISM
There is no feature of the current news, we think,
which will attract more attention than the interview with
Governor Stewart which is printed in another column of
The Missoulian this morning. In this interview, which is
official and which bears the "o. k." of the governor, we
have the executive view of the accomplishment of the
Thirteenth assembly.
All in all, Governor Stewart's estimate of the work of the
legislature is that it is good. He finds much to commend
in the statutes which have been added to our law books.
Whatever sins there were, the governor finds were sins of
omission. These, he points out, may be atoned for by the
Fourteenth assembly. Governor Stewart sets up the point
that the democratic platform of last fall is yet in effect and
that it was intended to cover four years of legislation in
stead of the two-year period which most of us had given it.
The governor's argument in defense of the Thirteenth
assembly, then, amounts to this-that, had the Thirteenth
done all that was promised in the Great Falls platform,
there would have been nothing left for the Fourteenth to
do. This would have been unfair; the Thirteenth had no
right to gobble all the glory; it was to be expected that
some of it would be left for its successor. Else how could
we get anybody to sit in the Fourteenth?
Aside from its acts of omission, Governor Stewart finds
that the Thirteenth did a fine lot of business. He has con
fidence, we judge, that the "blue-sky law" will prove to be
a genuine benefit. There is a difference of opinion on this
score, but the governor is entitled to his opinion and it is
certain that some others will hold to a different view. And
the real test will come in the operation of the law. If it is
found that this law works well in the control of the limited
class of corporatons to which it is applicable, it may be that
the Fourteenth assembly will find something to do in the
enlargement of the scope of the act, in order that it may be
impartial.
But the governor sits close to the law-production estab
lishment; he is in good position to judge of the merit of
these acts of the Thirteenth; he knows, better than any of
the rest of us, the motives which prompted these enact
ments and the purposes which inspired the shaping of them.
It is a great gift to be able to see the bright side of
things. Montana is fortunate in having an executive who
can discover such a scintillating, coruscating view of the
accomplishment of the Thirteenth assembly. Governor
Stewart's interview brightens everything. If his opinion
proves correct, we shall have even greater cause for satis
faction. That it will prove correct, every good citizen
hopes. For there is much more than mere party politics in
the laws which the Thirteenth assembly enacted.
its pectuliar aspects, The Outlook has
this Interesting commentt
Whatever his former reputation,
he Is now thought to be every
inch a oldier. te succeeded to
the throne two days after the
blessing in New York city, with
elaborato ceremonies, of the
sword to be presented to him iy
the Greeks in America in honor of
his liberation from Turkish
bonds of the Greeks dwelling in
Macedonila and Albania. The
sword is of Toledo steel With a
Byzantine hilt in gold inerusted
with precious stones, at11 cost
several thousand dollars. And t a.
Constantine succeeded to the
thrine on the very day of the
commemoration hf the edtct of re
ligious toleration issued by an
other Constantine sixteen con
turies ago. In his popularity with
the people the new king will have
one great advantage over his
father. Born in Greece, of course
('onstantitne speaks Greek like a
native. His wife, Slphii, the new
queen, is i4 daughter of the late
Emperor trederick of Germany
and it sister of William II. The
question urises, Wilt t'onstantinet
he king or emperor'. %\'ill I t4 te
King Constantine or Emperor
Constantine? For Greek success
in tit 1 1a1lkan 411ar l moans the ex
tension of Greek countries which
embrace much of the ancient ter
ritory of the treek eiIlre in the
east. The last Greek emperor,
anl the lIst ChrIstian sovereign
if Constantinople, was a t'on
stantine. In 1453 the Tlurks slew
hi11 and captured i(1onstantinup ii.
W1hy not now another Emperor
Constantine? And some, Gr~ects
may that they also h11ve the eol
tur'y-old tradition in mind that.
Itlhenl i4 royal Constantint wedst a
royal Sophia, their s5n shall
reign at I onstanti14ople.
Ilfowever, the deoctaratic admninis
tratI -it is discovering the sam1e old
al liculty in getting men who are not
44 iilt tt 1 t accept jons as imtassa
dors.
(nret more we point the finger of
scorn at I h1114 foitll 1 \w1ho said the 14d
of the world had come4. And we'll go
right along, ehing Just as foolish as
eve'.. - - - - - - -
Turkey would have saved lots of
lives and mutth mtoney it sIe had oid
I44 Aidrian1lI4 to the allies at the
it e of the Lo(don conference.
'T' high water Is now getting down
stream, among the folks w1(ho are used
to it. The trouble last week was that11
it was dealing with amiteturs.
i4 t Ire ta 11 441a1 441y not lnt's 1s a
pwicentaker, ibut he certainly starts
441t 444i4t the very evident ambition to1
l i it I e lliaKer.
March itight have been worse, but
r4e so': gi 4ibye \40i1t1 little regret.
We're willing to take a chance with
April.
iatcher Archer of the Chicago Cubs
has signed his contract Just in time to
give the tornado the right of way.
The allies are making so much noise
sh toting that they can't hear the pow
era telling thet to stop.
We are not very strong as fashion
writer is wrong who says "Skirts
will he worn tighter than ever?" How
tuuld tiey be?
IMeatnwhile Mr. I'onmhs will remain
in this country, keeping a watchful
eye upon Mr. McAdoit.
While the fatality list was over-es
timated, the need for help is just as
great as ever.
Now the allies will probably quarrel
0 er a name for the empire they have
pun.
The u ia wlii reimiined optimiitic
all through March i is a wonder.
Turkey in Europe, also, is getting
pretty u ill carved.
Gentle Spring got better than a toe
hold yesterday.
Modern Women
VI.-"SOCIAL FREEDOM OF
AMERICAN WOMEN."
By Frederic J. Haskin.
Ameritan women enjoy a greater
degree of social freedom than do the
wiomten i any other nationality. As
a result they have a courage and :in
tintlpendence which no other women
possess. Btetause the American woman
has been trusted from her earliest
girliood, sl tidemonstrates her ability
eciurately to distinguish liberty from
license and to protect herself from tin
welcomi' advances. In Europe a wtiitan
is depi''dint upon her husband for
('very intg of social recognition. In
America it is the womna who de
t'ttines every suitl landmark. The
American iman, iusy with coimieriial
and itliustrial interests, gives little
heed to stati matters except as they
are forced upon his attention by the
women of his family. The American
womani has absolute fre~edomn In all
mattlers pertaining to socit t conven
tions and 111 manl dare criticire her
rulings.
In Europe the girls of the family
are second in imtportaintce to their
brothers. If there is money enough to
give a liberal edut ation to ilt of the
children. the girls receive it; if not,
the boys are educated first and the
daughters pick up whatever desultory
learning they can atsort without any
drain upon the famuily pockcethookc. In
America it is not inusait to hear n
maln remtairk: ''I cannot afford to send
both of tiy children to college so I
have decided iti give nuy daughter the
preference-a man can itire easily
take his own wary In, the world."
Every American girl as far as her
cireumstncstes permit is privileged to
choose her iiwtt mide of lift' and hier
own calling If site desires tne. So
etety smit's upon her as long as she
is attractive and there are few tar
riers of prejudice to make her path
difficult. Frotm her hailyhood she is
a princess royal to whtm her father
and brothers pay continual homage.
As she grows older and her cirele of
male acquaintances enlarges, she in
'reases the number of her devoted
protectors.
Women in this country pay for their
freedom by a greater amount of putt.
lic service than can be rendered by
those whose liberties are more re
stricted. The greater the freedom of
the Individual, the broader her vision
of life, the better able she is to under
stand the needs not only of her im
mediate family. hut of the entire on
LUon. When her family circle no
19 4!! A g1Y.Mill r *,ce-. g
In America more than in any other
country, the changing conditions of
modern life give to many women the
leisure to enjoy this liberty-she no
longer idles within the confines of
her home with a bit of useless em
broidery. She goes boldly out into the
broad world, seeking the wrongs she
may right and the needy she may help.
This feminine Sir Galahad in her
growing strength each year opens the
doors of grim factories in order that
thousands of little children may have
freedom in the fresh air and sunshine.
She provides them generously with
playgrounds and schools and with
proper care for their neglected little
bedies. She goes to the aid of her less
fortunate sister, making her hours
of labor shorter, her wages larger, Ilir
conditions easier. Secure in her own
freedom, she can even lend a helping
hand to the woman who sins and open
to her one-time hopelessness an
avenue to future well being. It is the
freedom that has come to woman
which makes possible all of these good
works. The smaller her liberty, the
narrower her opportunities for general
helpfulness.
Unfortunately, there is a reverse
side to this picture in which a few
women abuse this liberty which so
many are using gloriously. The mod
ern woman is free from many of the
obligations of her ancestors. The ob
ligation of toiling for her family, of
bearing children, of being in subjec
tion after the admonition of St. Paul,
no lofger rests upon her. This failure
to recognize certain moral obligations
has been interpreted by a few of the
parasitic class as an excuse for shrink
ing all duties and responsibilities, and
constitutes an abuse of the liberty
which it should be woman's highest
glory to improve. The freedom from
the old-time subjection to her hus
band, which the American woman em
phasizes continually, has been brought
about by the modern theory of indi
vidualism, which is stronger in Amer
ice than in any other country. It is
sometimes so grossly abused that its
advantages are questioned, but to the
optimist even this abuse is a process
in the evolution by which the progress
of the whole race is being developed.
Clergymen complain of the fact that
women no longer are restrained by re
ligious faith and that there is a dan
gerous amount of free thought and
skepticism among them. The modern
woman insists upon the freedom of her
religious views, but as Miss Helen
Gould recently pointed out, there was
never a time in the history of the
world when women were so loyally
supporting and aiding in the work of
the church or when the clergymen
were so dependent upon them.
Olive Schreiner claims that the ob
jection which certain men make to the
freedom of woman and the liberty
she enjoys tinder social approbation
of choosing any field of activity she
prefers, either outside or in addi
tion to the time-honored one of child
bearing, arises solely from a jealousy
of her success. She avers that no
objections are on record from men
which would hinder a woman from
engaging in any laborious piece of
Work which was not attractive from
the standpoint of remuneration. She
claims that men object only to the
professional woman who commands an
income he would feign enjoy for his
own expenditure. The woman doctor,
who keeps her own carriage and has
a list of patients yielding an annual
income running into the thousands, is
the cause of the strong protest made
by men against the freedom of
women to choose their own callings.
Mrs. Schreiner is better acquainted
with Englishmen than Americans, but
the objection which was made recently
by a member of the American Society
of Engineers to young women being
permitted to take a course in me
chanical engineering, was based in his
statement: "American men are too
chivalrous to wish women to do such
unpleasant work." The chivalry does
not, however, as yet apply to the un
educated women who are permitted to
work in some of the great steel mills
of this country, separating sheets of
steel under conditions that most men
would deem decidedly laborious. De
spite the occasional objection, the
American woman is exercising her lib
erty to choose her own calling abso
lutely and, whatever her mistakes, her
freedom cannot be curtailed.
The ability of the American woman
to care for and protect herself is dem
onstrated fully by the character of the
American working girl. In England,
the store girls, for example, have no
liberty of any kind. They are required
to lead a nun-like existence in an in
stitution or home providtcd by thd
firm, in which they take their meals,
sleeti1( ala-ried t heir leisure. tallers
are peirii tiitd them only under tie
miost rigiit suirveilliance and they (ire
treated as tihiiigh they were quite in
caliabll of prescrving their on-n rc
specitbitlity. The American shoip girl
is t fre. unit indelaendent persinage,
living in her (en home or boarding
0 here shec tiiiisea, anit, despite the
many tiaritaiips ani tetuptations to
which sthi is cx posed, her standard of
imoralihv is far higher than is that of
tar taklish Sister who is denied all
freedti im
The f rced~om a girl enjoys ini tihis
country in bin~ig able to go out tini
etanperlied with I mtn, frequently is
criticized ii Europeans btut thi' in -
siancis in which it is atbised art' cx
cepitioal. A Euirotian man uncin
actiously gives greaier deference to Ihe
Aoicriiaii gil wiaii lie meets alone
than lie wolen i to line of his i-iw
country women, because the American,
bein~tg used tii come and go in per
fect freitoim, is not extiecting fmitlit
irity, abort-as the timidity and evi
dent caitarrassimint of the girl who
alwals has twin accustomed to chap.
eronage frequently invites insult alhen
athi is aithiiit that protection.
II is qtuite a common occurrence fur
an Amucrican girl if good social loisi
tiiin to cross the continent enitirely
alone. It is diime every day with per
-fedt safety. Western girls coming to
an eastern private school travel oft
otner alone than tunder chaperonage.
aiid yet they run little if any risk in
so itoing. An Englisit girl would heal
late about making a day's journey
atone, even if her famitly did not dis
-approve. The continental European
girl has had even less liberty and
few would dare to say that the Ameri
can girt suffers in comuparisost with
any other.
LThe freedom of the American girl
-up tio ndverse criticism. A woman
artist of mature years, who notl only
0
Read every word in this opinion. Re
member it is not our statement, but the -
deliberate opinion of a great scientist work
ing for perfection in beer.
Pure beer is food and tonic.
G. Beck (Bierbrauer, 1881, No. 8)
finds that 1
"beer in light bottles deteriorates m
more quickly than beer in dark bot
tles when exposed to the direct sun
light."
His tests were continued for three weeks
and proved that beer in light bottles had
acquired a very disagreable, nasty taste and
flavor and was unfit for consumption.
The Brown Bottle with Schlitz is not a
fad. Its use is based on scientific principles.
We have adopted every idea, every in
vention, every innovation that could
make for purity.
Schlitz is sent to you in Brown Bottles
to protect its purity from the brewery to
your glass.
Why don't you make Schlitz in Brown
Bottles.your regular beer?
Telephones: Bell 1718
Los Angeles Wine House Se that crow'n or cork
Pat. Callahan, Proprietor is brandrd "Shlitz."
IxI W. Main St.
Missoula, Mont.
iaj
The Deer
That Made Milwaukee famoui
Paris, but also knows each of the
other European capitals well, says that
it is easy to prove that the American
girl accomgishrs a much greater
amunt of serious work with much
less difficulty than the girls of any
other nation. The number of social
misfortunes befalling American girl
students are far below those suf
fered by the girls of other nations,
despite the fact that American girls
outnumber those of other countries
more than two to one. .'he social
liberty they have enjoyed in their own
land has been the best possible prepa
ration for the irregularities of the
student Bohemian in Europe.
The one Idea that educators in
America endeavor to impress upon
young girls is that they are absolutely
trustworthy. Even in fashionable
schools where chaperones are pro
vided it is customary for the princi
pal to say: "We do not send chap
erones out with you because we are
afraid of your mishehaving in any
way. We know that your own self
respect will prohibit that. We have a
chaperone go with you for your com
fort and as a proper deference to the
opinions of others. Our confidence in
each of you personally would not de
mand it." Such an apology is deemed
almost necessary to girls who have
clme from the freedom of their own
homes and in most cases the principal
is speaking truthfully. The aer wage
American girl can he trusted not to
abuse the freedom she so much en
joys.
DAYTON NEEDS HELP
FOR WEEKS 10 COME
(Continued tram Page One)
of martial law over Dayton was ex
tended to take in the whole county to
day to prevent the sale of liquor in
the suburbs. The flood swept away
the city administration, t4mporarily at
least, and brought in what amounts to
a commission form of government.
Immediately martial law was pro
claimed, the municipal administratioi
was eclipsed. Adjutant General Wood
for the moltent became supreme un
der the governor. On the heels of
this, Mr. Patterson was appointed
chairman of a committee of five to
administer the affairs of the city. The
militia was Instructed to obey his or
dera.anAdthiatbecamae..Jorce.
hand of public necessity when General
Wood ordered them from their cars
and pressed the latter into the pub
lic service. Those who protested were
forepd to surrender their cars at the
point of rifles until released by order
of Chairman John Patterson.
Coroner J. W. McKemy estimated
that 100 bodies have been recovered,
though there are records of only 72.
He said that many had been burled
without the usual official action and
that in many cases he did not expect
to get records.
Hundreds of persons, still looking
for relatives, passed along the lines
at the morgues. Only a few bodies
have been identified.
Eight persons suffering from diph
theria were at the Miami Valley
hospital. Several of them were caught
in a house with persons who had be
come ill with the disease recently.
Four persons hemmed in with one
who had measles are suffering from
that disease.
Eight persons whose minds have be
come affected temporarily because of
hardships suffered in the flood, are
being cared for at the state insane
asylum.
With warmer weather the greatest
problem was the removal of dead
horses. Every available a itomobile
truck and all the horse-drawn trays
were impressed by the sanitary offi
cia's and hundreds of men were en
gaged all day removing the carcasses
to the different incinerating plants
and to vaci t Mlots nn the outskirts of
the city wl'he the .re teUcirg burned.
From ens' t- eel " T~'"t"n the
people were el 'oni l tnise. Those
who had no houses to clean cheerful'y
assisted those who had.
Merchants and those of their em
ployes who could be found were clear
ing the piles of wrecked stocks of
merchandise with shovels, throwing
the nmud, in soime places several feet!
deep, into the streets.
In Riverdale and North Dayton,
where the flood waters attained the
greatest depth, several thousand per
sons waded knee deep in slimy mud,
rummaging their desolated homes for
clothing, which was dried on the hill
side. In some places in these districts
it was impossible to begin cleaning
the lower floors of mud and debris,
Is9 that in a few days fires can be
built within the houses and the prem
ises dried out. It will be a long time
before all Daytonians again live in
their own homes. There are 15,000
residences that must be plastered and
papered before they can be occupied.
There are 4,500 houses which must
1Ay; w foundations or A1
and hn b eeM
owners can move in again. There are
2,000 houses which it will he neces
sary to raze. Engineers. advise that
this reconstruction work will require
four months.
So far as the business and indus
trial buildings are concerned, it has
been estimated by architects that it
will require eight months before the
repa!r work and rebuilding can be
completed. Thousands of 'men will be
employed and work will be pushed to
the utmost. Large quantities of ma
terial have been ordered by telegraph
to be shljped immediately.
The city still is without anything
like an adequate water supply, and
the danger of a conflagration still is
the subject of grave concern.
Announcement was made that the
principal needs of the people are
drinking water, shoes, clothing, picks
and shovels. Money also is wanted,
although a considerable amount sub
scribed by cities throughout the coun
try now is available.
The medical authorities have for
bidden the use of old clothing until
it shall have been fumigated.
Ernest P. Bicknell, national director
of the American Red Cross, who ar
rived to confer with the local relief
committee, said that a total of $800,
000 was available for flood sufferers
generally.
WEATHER IS "DOPED"
FOR THE COMING WEEK
Washington, March 30.-Tempera
tures above the seasonal average over
most of the country with precipitation
generally below normal in the north
and nearly normal in the south, prob
ably will prevail during the coming
week, according to the weather bu
reau's weekly bulletin.
"No pronounced cold wave will cross
the country this week," the bulletin
predicts. "Frequent rains are prob
able on the Pacific coast as far south
as northern California. A disturbance
center Sunday morning in the north
west will move eastward along the
northern border and cause unsettled
weather and local rains at the begin
ning of the week in the region east
of the Mississippi river.
"Ather ,dlstarban0e will Appear it1
$ *i f t Tuesday and ~cross `tb `:

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