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Published Nlvery Day in the Yeat. WIBBOULIAN PUBLISHING CO. Missoule, Montana. Entered at the postoffice at Missoula, .-ontana, as second-class mail matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. (In Advance) Daily, one month ........................ 0..5 Daily, three months ..........................2.25 Daily, six months ............................. 4.00 Daily, one year .....A;....L........... 8.00 Postage added for foreign countries. TELEPHONE NUMBER. Bell.................. 110 Independent....510 MISSOULA OFFICE. 129 and 131 West Main Street. Hamilton Office 231 Main Street, Hamilton, Mont. The Missoullan may be found on sale at the following newstands out side of Montana: Chicago-Chicago Newspaper Agen cy, N. E. corner Clark and Madison streets. Minneapolis-World News Co., 219 North Fourth street. Salt Lake Cilty-MacGillis & Lud pig. San Francisco-United News Agents. Portland-Consolidated News Co., Seventh and Washington. Seattle- Eckart's. News Agency, First avenue and Washington; W. O. Whitney. Spokane-Jamieson News Co. Tacoma-Trego News Co., Ninth and Pacific. SUBSCRIBERS' PAPERS. The Missoulian Is anxious to give the best carrier service; therefore, sub scribers are requested to report faulty delivery at once. In ordering paper changed to new address, please give old address also. Money orders and checks should be made payable to The Missoulian Publishing Cumpany. WEDNESIAY, APRIL 2, 1913. Here shall the Press the People's rights maintain, Unawed by influence and unbribed by gain; Here patriot Truth her glorious precepts draw, Pledged to Religion, Liberty and Law. -Motto of the "Salem Register." COLLEGE ATHLETICS. Yesterday morning, upon the sports page of The M issoulian, was printed an extract tfrm an article written for the Yale Alumni News,, regarding college athletics. We wish this dis cussion could lie read by every col lege and high-school teacher and stu dent in the country. It is the best presentation we have seen of the sys tem which selects a chosen few from a student body for athletic training and developmecnt, to the elimination of other students who probably need physical exercise much more tllan the members of thile "team." The writer of the lpublished article condemns the s stemi in vaguel', and iwe believe his condemnation will lbe alpproved by those w\ho realize the conditions which t;re\vail. FOREST CONSERVATION. The \\isdom of 1the forest policy he cotmes tmore' aind more apiparent as tithe years bring its tore thorough devcl opmllent. (nl Iphaset of the qtuestion is thus presented Iby the Sptkitne lSpoklestmaIi-. \eview Somne ,eart's ago it was lunoffi cially calculatvle that fires in tilt, forests of lit I'llitetd States since - 115, . liwhn onput t tion the pri iii of lumber at the date of tilt, c:alci laitint, would pay the untional debt and lea\ve mll l lv in the llation's trea;L ury. Il a sitgl getlration fitr hladi annualtly iiadei horriubleIih ltn in the imore priciiti(v vttwoodlanlds of remlote sections and virgin \wil dernesse.s. Untler tlhelt it.isev'elt regimni there began .t clangt' for theo bet ter. A re(-cet bulletin from tlthe departmenrlt of :La-ictultre sihows that scit.tilific q st-ry aund intel ligent organization ;id w\\iort. for COelkservatiton hav\' 1lll1 ain ili pression on the fte of tih, fIorests. In 1912, for exaintttl,, as ioinpared wVith 1911, the lnlumter i f fires had ,fallen from 3a't t1 247:', and the acreage I f"fected i 1' II : 0, 000 to 230,000 acres. Gifford I'inlhot (did a great work in organizing the , ,ltonserIva - tion of our natinal.l fiorsts li left an admirablle corps o f la;rgei extent and with scientific tI';llal ing. The work has been carri-ed on adequately under F'orester Graves. The fire-fi.hting soervice' becomes more efficient ever-y yeaIr. It has ceased to be difficult to secure fit men for natilonal fir estry. The schoolts of forestry in connection with colleges olr utli\'lvtr sities annually graduate increas ing numbers of foresters. The best of tlhem seek elnlloyllent un der the government for at least a: few years. The ratio of forest rangers to the- territory guarded has become much greater than it was only five years ago. The leoadership of the govern ment has influenced private own ers of forests, lumberers, and even campers. This influence contributes powerfully to tlge preservation of all forests. The drift is toward steady increase of public and private expenditures - for uhe prbtection of - the 'wood ds. Tra.lit roads, lookouts and WHY? For more than a year the Amalgamated interests have owned, maintained and paid the monthly deficiency for the publication of their local organ, the Missoula Sentinel. For the production and distribution of this publication, there has been paid, out of the Amalgamated war chest, about $2,700 each month, this being the deficit after the collection of what could be levied in the way of advertising and subscription from the local community. Since the Amalgamated established this branch of its publicity service, the Sentinel has cost something more than $33,000. During this time, the Amalgamated's state agents have cajoled or threatened with financial punishment more than one of the local business interests in western Montana, because of unwillingness to contribute to the maintenance of an Amalgamated publicity bulletin. To the casual observer, this statement of cold fact may seem strange; it may seem at variance with the policy of the Standard-Oil interests of New York, which control the Amalgamated, as these interests have not been noted for philanthropic purposes; their widelly established policy has been to control by fair means or fopul; they have laughed at public sentiment, unless it was crystallized into statute laws. And to control the channels of publicity they have always stood willing to pay immense sums from the enor mous fund which they maintain for this express purpose. But, when local conditions are understood, the situation becomes clear. Here in Montana, the Standard-Oil inter ests, represented by the Amalgamated, New York interests all of them, are in control of the mineral and the ,timber interests of the state and have, more recently, acquired all the developed water power in the state, with the single ex ception of the Clark power development at Bonner. These owners of the natural resources of the state are foreign to Montana; they are the absentee landlords of this common wealth; they live and make merry in their gilded palaces, in and around New York City and look upon Montana from exactly the same point of view as did the Roman procon suls of old upon the remote foreign provinces which had fallen before their conquest and upon which they levied tribute and whose taxes they farmed out to their local agents. For years, our overlords of Wall street have avoided their just share of taxation to support the local government in this state. Millions of dollars have gone into the princely salaries of Amalganiated officers and into divi dends to Wall-street speculators. These millions-or a large part of them-should have gone to help lift the bur den of taxation from the merchants, the farmers and the home-owners of Montana where the wealth was created. But these foreign interests do occasionally fear an out break of righteous indignation on the part of the common people, who have been both patient and pliable and, too often, simply good-naturedly inactive. Recent discussion and agitation throughout the nation of questions of public policy have finally wakened the people of Montana to at least a partial realization of the injustice which has been practiced upon them. Now, viewing this wakening, the Amalgamated interests fear that this feeling of indignation on the part of the people may lead to the enactment of equitable laws, which will compel a more just distribution of the burden of local government. The subtle policy of the agents who direct and control Amalgamated affairs is to confuse and smother public opinion relative to the true situation. So long as. they can divide the people in council and action, so long can they negative the power of the people to change present condi tions and so long can the interests remain in control. The counties of western Montana have recen'tly shown positive signs of discontent with past methods. This wakening has alarmed the interests, which have come to the conclu sion that they, themselves, should take direct charge and control of the channels of publicity. They figure that a stitch in time will save nine. It is their firm policy that, in the event they cannot control men or newspapers, they will hamstring and assassinate them, politically and financially. They figure that the cheapest Way and the safest method, in the long run, is to own or control all channels of public information. The more than thirty thousand dollars which these interests have invested in the Missoula Sen tinel is just a little item; it is a good investment if it can accomplish its purpose. To the Amalgamated exchequer it is only the insurance premium which they pay to con tinue their past policy. ial agF'nccls for quick and ias; handling of fires are augmented constantly. The oiiuntry has deiihled onv .I for all that it will preoserv' alnd cultivate its foIrests. ('cines now" the month of April, tihe dclay of j.sting past, and iw hope ther. will et noi such f" l'islhness cabout the weather part of it ias th(cere was in March. No, we are noct to.S ved :cmut the vwea;ther, but we pIroitest agaiinst ia such lu ff :is W\odri' c x iv yilscic is c tking at Spring. If sttcrdl:ty's weaxthi r w\\s intend ed as ai joke, we are willing to let it go ait that. ibult wei don't admillire that style of hiimor. For an outfit wh\\'ich proimised soI mucch, the lMontalna deiltgation in con gross is gi ing snice mighty poor splring weather. Th'e oultry imeln are dtiscussill n 'xt fall's showti\. IThat's all right, but we iar enljoyincg this spring's egg prict s. If this xccathecr is the result of Wil lis Moore's Ipeewishness, Willis shouldl be thrown into the Potomac river. No street department can success fuly Ibuek such persistently adverse weather conditions as these. Howcx'evr, the weather report from Butte tends to make us better satis flied with our own lot. Vice IPresident ,Marshall claims to' be a fan. He hasn't anything else to do, right lta\, and he might mlake himtself useful by turning on some baseball weather. President Wilson has had his first pay day. Perhaps he will give us bett(r weather now. With farmers, merchants antd fans all tprteri ng, tihe we atlher man should take heed. Stick to it--you'll lhave a chaunce to plant garden seeds one of these days. Meanwhile there isn't much to talk ablout except the \eather. 'The Yellowstone river presents its ommlpliments to the tlhio. Modern Women VIII.-WOMEN AND MARRIAGE. By Frederic J. Haskin. Many sociological writers continu ally colnplain that the imoern woman too often is unumarried; that the num bcr of marriages does not keep pace with the increasing population; that the economic independence of women has led her to ignore the obligation to marry which should be her para mount consideration. One of the arguments most frequently used against granting political equality to w\iomen has been the assertion that it would lessen her inclination to mar riage, if it did not also lessen her at tractiveness so that her matrnimonial opportunities would be fewer. The fact that in the year women were making their successful struggle for suffrage t'alifornia showed the great est increase in the number of mar riages of any yeal the h istory of 'the state, and tie fa'ther fact that this high marritge rate still continues, afford answering ar8tlnents for the suffragists. The age at whieh l en marry un-' doubtedly is advancin but this can not but he regarded t. a hopeful in dication. The ' young, untrained mother, often almost 'a child herself, could not he as well fitted properly to fill all the duties devolving upon the homemaker as the mature woman who has arrived at her full measure of physical and mental development. With the increased age of women at marriage has also comne an' increase in their longevity-a fact which seems to be generally overlooked. It has been recognized, however, ,by the in surance companies which are far more anxious to insure the life of the mar ried woman of today than they were to insure her mother at the same age. If the attractiveness of liberty to choose her own calling, and the meas ure of success it brought her, had its bearing upon hindering the marriage. of the educated woman of the past generation, as is frequently asserted, the pendulum certainly is swinging backward for the woman of the pres ent is taught to plan her career with the probability of marriage always prominently in view. The fact that she is trained for some,special calling does not lessen her capability for wifehood or motherhood, because every developed faculty tends to increase the general efficiency of the, individ ual. The record of successful mar ,riages of women who ha've achieved success in specific callings is a long one, not in any way to be dimmed by the exceptional few whose marriages have been failures. The importance of marriage in re lation to the economic development of the nation is recognized by every one of the important educational institu tions for women. In a great many institutions it is a subject for special study and girls now discuss it frank ly because they are taught to con sider it from a practical as well as a sentimental viewpoint, This prac tical and scientific method of con sideration may be frowned Ufpon by the student of the next generation who will discove.r that the glamour of ro mance must be preserved even though the practical side of the marriage re lation must not be lost sight of. Last year a well known periodical published a symposium based upon the question, "Why does not the edu cated woman marry?" It brought forth many new ideas upon the sub ject, the most surprising to many, readers apparently being that the educated woman is marrying just as other women do,. when the right man appears, although her education makes her a little more careful to assure. herself regarding the ."rightness" of the man. This may tend to delay the marriage a few years while she, wins success in some special calling. Ac cording to the statistics reported re garding the graduates of the leading' colleges for women, it was found that fully 80 per cent of them marry with in ten years after graduation. If the college woman of the past has had a tendency to ignore them,frivplous side of life, which tended tot make her at tractive to the average ,man, her sis ter of the present is speedily going to remedy that fault. A college woman who' was happily married admitted that college, train ing had tended to make some women "slow to recognize human nature as it really is, to appeal to its littleness as well as its bigness." He. training has made her dislike artifice. She is now learning that the most learned man is apt to appreciate a certain glamour as has been evidenced by the manner in which the artists and poets of centuries have poured out their admiration upon the women of the east who now are found to be, as a class, anything but attractive. They have kept themselves veiled during their whole existence. The masculine imagination always has been ready to credit a beauty not too closely re vealed. Having assimilated this idea, the modern college woman no longer will permit the men of her own class to find a girl with less attainments 'more attractive. She will realize that the power to charm is more im portant than the ability to read Greek or to calculate an astronomical event. Among the industrial classes the in creased cost of living and not wom en's reluctance to give up her inde pendence, must he regarded as a hindrance. to early marriage. In many cases a girl's earnings are al most equal to those of a young man. While she might be perfectly willing to sacrifice them and remain in the home, it is not always possible for her to meet the requirements for their own comfort upon his earnings without considering the probabilities of chil dren. The great amount of factory products now utilized in the equip ment of the home fr.tquently leaves 'her little real work to do. Until some practical means is evolved by which the leisure time of a woman may be utilized to incraise the family income without Involving too great strain upon her ph simcal strength, many marriages which might be hap py of necessity must be delayed. The number of divorces, which cause alarm to many scial prophets, are usually blamed upon the restless ness of the modern woman who be comes discontented Ih rause of the idleness she now finds possible. The number of divorces in the United Staltes is reckoned at 7:t to each hun dred thousand of popull.tion, which is a greater percentage than that of any otler country in tile world save Japan, which has 215 divorces I, the hundred thousand. The divore,, problem has two sides, however, each of which should tbe studied. While the light valuation P~IPed lupon the mar riage vow, which makes it possible for a couple to sever a distasteful con nection at will in order that they may as speedily enter upon tlow marriages, adversely affects the moral standard of the nation, the possibility of a wom an freeing herself from a condition to which her ancestor would have sub Initted in servile subjection, has a pos sible benefit to the general good which w\ill have to be. admitted. As long as proper recognition ,,f the differ ence between liberty and license is Inaintained the freedom of the indi vidual must have a good result. One ,of the principal reasons for the failure of a large number of the mar riages of this country generally is ad mitted to be the financial dependence of American women lpeln their 'hus bands. This, contrary to popular be lief, on account of the absence of marriage settlements, is great~y than Special Sale on Men's SlipQns Gabardines and Cravenettes We sell the R & W brand, the largest and best as sortment of raincoats in this city, and we guarantee our prices to be lower. Our English slipons consist of English tweeds, cashmeres bombazines and poplins. \ Both single and double textures, raglan or plain shoulders; 50 and 54 inches long; of all the newest raincoat shades; we show them from $3.50 to $20.00. Our gabardines are made with raglan Our cravenettes make a good raincoat; and plain shoulders, with or without a also a light dress overcoat; a fine coat belt; 46 to 50 inches long; you should for this time of the year. We show see our gabardine with a belt in the them in wool tweeds; also in plain grey, back-sure a classy coat; strictly water- tan and blacks; full 50 Inches long; proof; price ..................$17.50 to $30.00 prices .................................. $10.00 to $30.00 Women's and Misses' Raincoats Every woman and miss should have a raincoat of some kind for this unsettled weath er; no wardrobe is complete without one hanging ready for rainy mornings or ra , wet nights. Come in today and: look over our assortments of rubberized fabrics and gabardines in plain, belted and raglan styles; one of the most extensive stocks car ried in Missoula, at prices less than you pay elsewhere............$3.50 and up to $20.00 Children'sRaincoats $2.95 Misses' Raincoats Made just like grown-ups'; cloth surface A medium-price raincoat for the younger rain-proof; sizes 6 to 12 years; at misses; rubberized raincoats, cloth surface, each ................................................ ................. $2.95 sizes 14, 16, 18 years ............$3.50 to $5.00 EXTRA Extra-- SPECIAL-- Extra EXTRA Women's and Misses' Raincoats $2 A big snap. Come early. A great ppor tunity for 28 women and misses. Rubberized $ 45 surface; sizes from 14 to 44. r- C ON-WFI5 R CO .3 THE GOLDEN RULE STORE, MISS OULA'S POPULAR TRADING CENTER in most other countries, while the. American women themselves, before marriage, have been trained to a greater freedom and independence. In most states the term, "With all my worldly goods I thee endow," is a hideous jest as many a woman .has found to her cost. Despite the vaunted chivalry of American men, that "endow" may be construed to mean the doling out of a niggardly pittance, after a piteous appeal, as frequently as the handsome allowance which, of course, many Amrican wom en enjoy. It rests with the dispo sition of the husband. A man may leave his widow absolutely destitute after they have worlted together for years and secured a competence. Even the money which she earns her self does not in many instances be long to a married woman. It is the question of allowance which is responsible for a large prb portion of the discontent among mar ried women. A trained nurse in a western state, who before her mar riage was able to earn $25 a week, after marriage, found herself In the position of an unpaid servant. With in a year or two the clothing in her trousseau became exhausted. In stead of being able to renew it, as in the days of her economic independ ence, she was able only after the most strenuous appeal to have a five dollar bill doled out to, her with the injunction to make it go as far as possihle. ,A business matter required her husband to take a trip to the east extending over several months. During his absence the nurse, having nothing to occupy her time, engaged again in her profession. She not only secured the clothing she needed, but, by the time of his return, had a cou ple of hundred dollars in bank in her own name. The man returned home and, to punish her for lowering his dignity by engaging in money earning while she bore his name, he promptly confiscated the, money in 'hank which the law of the state permitted him to do. The laws of a number of states put a financial advantage upon a woman's remaining single, which in many instances has had its effect upon the marriage rate. A business woman in the midst of a successful career went to pay a visit to an old schoolmate who had mar ried a couple of years before. In their confidences it came. out that the single woman was considering a pro posal of marriage. Immediately the married woman, who had been a ste nographer earning a comfortable sal ary, spoke vehemently against it. Within a few days the visitor found out why. Her old schoolmate's hus 'band, while kind and considerate in many things and a delightful compan ion, was imbued with the idea that women were not competent to be trusted with money, so 'his wife never had any. Everything needed in the house was purchased and the bills sent to him. His wife was not even permitted to select her own clothing. When the two women went out to gether, it developed that the married woman was absolutely penniless, not even being able to pay 4he carfare of£ her guest. Upon one occasion she even humiliated herself to the extent of borrowing a dollar from one of her strvants. If her husband gave her a dollar he demanded an itemized ac counting for every cent. The single woman profited by the lesson. She did not marry the man she cared for until they had had a thorough under standing regarding their future finances. Another question affecting the mar riage of educated women is that they are no longer ignorant of matters vitally affecting their own health. The dangers which women risk in marrying men who have led immoral lives are understood by every college girl. She is keenly alive to the ad vantage of requiring a health certifi cate before marriage. Last year a girl from the University of Wisconsin Informed a former teacher that 'half of the girls of her class 'belonged tp a club, the members of which gave a pledge not to marry a man unless he had his life insured. The object was not the financial protection but the assurance that he was in good health Going East? Here's Your Service! TO CHICAGO-No. 2, electric lighted train of compartment-observation standard and ORINETAL LIMITED tourist sleepers, coaches and diner; from Helena and Great Falls in the evening Great Northern (Butte in the afternoon), with daylight ride Burlington along the beautiful Mississippi River. Scenic TLin--"Where Nature Smiles Three Hundred Miles." ý: I l. g ATLANTIC -FXPRFSS TO CHICAGO-No. 4, electric lighted train orf st:andlrd and tourist sleepers, coaches and Northern Pacific diner; fro n HButte and Helena in the fore Burlington noon (from Western Montana in the morn ing), arriving Chicago forenoon. TO DENVER, OMAHA, KANSAS CITY, ST. SOUTHWEST EXPRESS JOSEPH, ST. LOUIS-No. 44, electric lighted Great Northern train of standard and tourist sleepers, chair cars and diner; from Great Falls in the Burlington morning. via Billings and direct main line to the Southeast. MISSISSIPPI VALLEY TO DENVER, LINCOLN, OMAHA, ST. JOSEPH, KANSAS CITY, ST. LOUIS-No. LIMITED 42, electric lighted train of standard and Northern Pacific *tourist sleepers, chair cars and diner; from Butte and Western Montana in the even Burlington ing, via Billings and direct main line to the Southeast. Four highest class daily through trains from St. Paul and Minneapolis to Chicago alonglide the beautiful Miss issippi, the line of low grades, and "ON TIME" opera. tion. HAVE YOUR TICKET READ "BURLINGTON." H. A. BRADT, General Agent 15 West Broadway, BUtte, Mont. or the insurance certificate would not he issued. While this is not regarded as an adequate protection, it goes to show that the girls of the, present day are considering marriage from an en tirely different standpoint from that of their mothers. Tomorrowv-The Mbdern Woman. IX.-Women and Clothes. RATIFIED. Nashville, Tenn., April 1.-The Tennessee senate concurred today in a house resolution ratifying the fed eral constitutional amendment provid ing for the election of United States senators by popular vote. GERMAN BANKER BROKE. Kuestrin, Germany, April 1.-A local banker, Gustav Puppe, suspended payment today with liabilities esti mated at from $6,250,000 to $7,500,000. Puppe and his son have disappeared.