MANAGER MACNAUGHTON OF
CALUMET & HECLA 18 FIRST
WITNES8 FOR OWNER&
Houghton, Mich., March 2.- De
terioration of the quality of the rock
an I the extreme depth at which copper
is now mined in this district require
that every facility fOr reducing the cost
of production be employed, James Mac
Naughton, general manager of the Cal
umet & Heola company, told the con
gressional investigating committee of
the copper miners' strike today. Mac
Naughton was the first witness for the
mining companies, and counsel an
nounced his examination had hardly
begun when the hearing was adjourned
for the day.
The contract system of pay was ex
plained by the witness in detail. For
merly, he said, the miners were paid
by the lineal foot and the cubic fathom
for rock removed, but because of
numerous complaints over measure
ments the Calumet & Hecla had
adopted the tonnage system.
Under the old system, the witness
said, the miners entered into three
months' contract, but no measurements
were made until the end of this period,
the men being advanced from $65 to $70
a month for the first two months'
work, and being paid the difference
when the contract expired. A system
of monthly contracts was employed
now, he said.
Hundreds of Straw Bosses.
Under questions, MacNaughton ad
mitted that as there are some 750 or
800 mine bosses, some of them might
be dictatorial and unfair to the men.
MacNaughton read a circular issued
by the company in 1891 informing the
men that they could obtain redress
from higher officials if they were dis
satisfied with their treatment. He said
many men had come to him with pro
tests in the 13 years he had been gen
eral. manager. He also said that the
aniners understood that they could ap
peal to him either singly or through a
..ommittee, an4 that it would not be
held against then.
The witness said the use of the one
mandrill, to which many strikers ob
jected, was an economy necessary be
cause all, competitdrs were using it.
Also because it was necessary to go
deeper for rock than yielded only about
20 pounds of copper to the ton.
"It has been stated here that no ene
man drills are"used in the Montana dis
trtct," Representative Petermann said.
The witness asserted that he had been
told by a representative in Butte that
1,500 such drills were used in those
mines. Experiments with these drills
had been so successful, he added, that
the companies were considering doing
away with the two-man drill alto
MacNaughton also said that arl the
companies are complying with the law
requiring miners to work within 150
feet of each other. He said that a
miner could call on a trammer or any
one else for help in putting up his
Explaining the bonus system now in
vogue, MacNaughton said .a miner was
paid a minimum of $3.25 in the
amydgaloid mines and $3.50 a day in
the conglomerate mines, which were
harder to work. This pay was based
on a fixed tonnage of about 900 tons a
month; a bonus of 10 cents a ton was
paid for excess rock, but no deductions
were made if the miner happened to
fall below this standard. The mining
captain had the discretion to make the
minimum $3 a day if he thought the
man had loafed on the job.
"Suppose the miner habitually failed
to reach the required standard?" asked
"He would be let out."
MacNaughton said trammers were
paid a fixed wage of $1.60 in amygda
lniti and $1.75 in conglomerate mines,
but tlo were paid bonuses. They could
work ott Contract if they desired, he
said, as ma'ty Of them did.
Capetown; March 2.-The hlouse of
assembly today, by a vote of 72 to 15,
adopted the clause in the indemnity bill
Confirming the deportation of nine
labor leaders because of their connec
tion with the general strike.
Every Man Read This
This treatment is said to have
acquired a wonderful reputation
throughout the cast, owing to its
peculiar propensity to fortify the
nerve force and generate health and
a consequent personal magnetism,
so essential to the happiness of
every normal human being. It is
claimed to be a blessing to those
who are physically impaired,
gloomy, despondent, nervous and
who have trembling of the limbs,
dizziness, heart palpitation, cold
hands and feet, insomnia, fear with
out cause, timidity in venturing and
general inability to act rationally as
others do. Also of vast benefit to
wiiters, professional men, office
workers and the victims of society's
late hours and over-indulgence in
Wvipes, liquors, etc.
py preparing the treatment at
Ipme secretly, no one need know of
another's trouble, while the ingredi
ents are much used in filling various
prqpcriptions, so that even the pur
chase of them separately need oc
casion no timidity.
If the reader decides to try it, get
thyee ounces of ordinary syrup. sar
uaparilla compound, and one ounce
compound fluid balmwert mix and'
let stand two hours; then get one
ounce compound essence cardiol and
one ounce tincture cadomene com
polund (not cardamon) mix all to
gether, shake well and take a tea
spoonful after each meal and one
This contains no opiates what
ever and may also be used by wom
en who suffer with their nerves
with absolute certainty or prompt
and lasting benefits..
The GreatHolman at Bijou
THIS IS A SCENE FROM HOLMAN'S GREAT SPECTACULAR NOVELTY
NOW AT THE BIJOU THEATER, ENTITLED, "THE HAPPY FROG."
(Continued From Page One.)
lablished that Cu.rranza's maneuver
will not lead the British government
into any recognition or other dealings
President Wilson explained to callers
that many foreign governments had
desired the United States to look after
their subjects, but of course, had no
right to demand it and were not de
manding it. Strictly speaking, Car
ranza might insist on his right not to
deal with one government in the in
terests of another, but such a situa
tion undoubtedly would produce grave
complications with the United States
government upon whom the powers of
41e world have learned to look, as the
dominant factor in Pan-American di
General Villa's acknowledgment
of General C'arranzsa as his sullperlior
authority has cleared up all doubt
here as to who is chief of the coii
iititutionalist movement. Ilereaft.er, as
General C'arranza requests, interna
Itlonal questions will be taken up with
him.' He also will be called to account
for all harm to foreigners. Incident
allly General Villa's deference to Car
ranza as the head of the constitution
alists was contlainlled ill a I(message
froll American Consull Leteher. It
cleared up some of he points in the
mystery which for a time surrourlded
the halting of the inv\'estigtiiig coin
mission at Juarez yestclrday. \Vhile
fundamentally it was C(rrtanal's at -
titude which del;ayeld the departure of
the coinimissiuoners, it \V:i s cxplainted
by officials here that tlw receipt of in
structions froni the state detpalrtu!ment
to postpone their Imissioni was coiln ;
dent with the failure of the colllllis
sion to obtain a permit to board tli
regular passenger train for C'lhiiuablhli:c,
controlled by the rebels.
Regard'ng That Trip.
Arrangemenl. lh1 1d beet,( madei , aL
cording to officials her, for llhe Jiin
mission to take a special trainl, but it
was found there was ino rolling stocki
available and tihlie comiuissionll sought
permission then to boardil tie r-gul:ar
train. This was dec lined lpining an:
exchange of messages with l:lneral I
Villa at Chihuahua and when orders
did come not to permit thie comllllis
sion to take the regular trans, in
structions had been rececived from
Washington plostpolning the expeditiqn.
Sir Edward Grey's statement to the
,house of comn.mous is awaited here
with muc hinterest, as it is felt by
many he will show just how far c,rcat
Britain expects reparation for th-.
Benton killing, a British subject, at
this time. Tomorrow Sir Lionel "::r-
,en, the British minister to Mexico,
will discuss Mexican affairs with
President Wilson, bringing hint the
latest information about the situation
in Mexico City.
Just as President Wilson had de
cided that the note which Huerta had l
addressed several days ago to all for
eign governmlllelnts was designed for
home and foreign consumptionlll ll with
out presentation to the United States,
the belated document was handed to
Secretary Bryan by Charge Algara of
the Mexican embassy. Its text, which
will be published, sets forth that in
view of the Benton case the American
government ought to revoke the right
recently extended to th constitutional
ista to buy arms in th United States.
It is not considered likely that any
answer will be returned.
Secretary Bryan announced that he
would appear before the house com
mittee on foreign affairs on Wednes
day. He said he intended doing so
today. A tacit agreement has been
reached that the resolution of Rep
resentative Ainey, relpublican, calling
for information on Mexican affairs,
would not be pressed until the secre
tary of state has lad an opportun
Ity to talk with the committee. Mr.
Ainey today issued a statement at
tacking what he described as the ad
ministration's policy as "drifting into
war" and denouncing Villa and Car-.
Only One "BROMO QUININE"
To get the genuine, call for full name,
LAXATIVE BROMO QUININE. Look
for signature of E. W. GROVE. Cures
a Cold in One Day. 25c.-Adv. I1
WALSH TO PRESENT
Washington, March 2.-(Special.)
--Senaltor Walsh will leave here
tomorrow for Notre Dame, Ind.,
where on Wednesday he will pre
r sent to Notre Dame unIiversity the
t Sword of General Thomas Francis
Mel:ghter, the noted officer. of the
civil war and territorial governor
of Montana, who lost his life by
Sdrowning near Fort BIenton, Mont.
The sword was given by General
lteglher'a widow to Andrew O'Don
nell of Helena, and upon his death
it came into the possession of Mrs.
C'atlherine C. Young of Kalislpell,
who sent it to Senator Walsh to
be presented to the university.
Former ('ongressman Bourke Cochl
ran of New York will take part in
the piesentation proceedings.
'MINERS FAIL TO CALL
(Continued Prom Page One.)
tried to get away and had been re
strained biy mine guards or militiamen.
()n the way out the congressmen
were :landed into two empty coal cars
on thel electric tran track. Hluddled on
the elmii-littered floor they ducketT their
]loads ii(() a()id roo)f tilllmbers and electric
wires as h ear's ijlled rtaplidly from
i the cr's entry into tie maini entry and
toward Ihe idistantii daylight. At one
Point the train train was inet by a com
tany lille inspector. lie took one look
at the glrinlmy statesmen in overalls,
sprawled on the bottomis of the car's,
and his face turned pale. "How many
are hull'rt?" he shoutedl to the superin
'For on of the safety regulations laid
down by WV. .. Murphy, general super
intendintc of thile Victor-Amer'ican coin
planly is that no maln, unless lie is dead
ur s(')'i lsly injuredt, shall lie elrmitted
to ride iII it coill car. An explanation
sinlewhat illlifiedt the inslpector.
Emerging from the mine, the con
gressnlen l returned to Trinidadl. In tilhe
lmean;timne 1Ir. Foster, tihe chalirmnlan,
Itl paiti a visit to lithe county jail,
where lie interviewed several military
We sell many good medicines but
lwe are told the mixture of buc..tnorn
bairk, glycerine, etc., known as Adler
i-ka, is the best we ever sold. Mis
souls folks astonish us daily by tell
ing how QUTICKLY Alder-i-ka re
lieves sour stolmach, gas on the stom
ach and] constipation. Many report
that A SINGLE DOSE relieves these
troubles almost IMMEDIATELY. We
are glad we are Missoula agents for
Adler-i-ka. T'he Missoula Drug Co.
FEDERALS HOLO ESMERALDAS.
Panama, March 2.-Advices brought
here today by sleamer were to the
effect that while the vessel was in
port at Esmeraldas, Ecuador, the town,
which was held by rebels, was com
pletely invested by federal troops. It
was reported that President Plaza
personally commanded the besiegers.
The town had been almost deserted by
non-combatants. Little fighting had
been reported when the steamer left.
Catarrh Cannot Be Cured
with LOCAL APPLICATIONS, as they
cannot reach the seat of the disease.
Catarrh Is a blood or constitutional dis
ease, and in order to cure it you must
take internal remedies. Hall's Catarrh
Cure is taken Internally, and acts direct
ly upon the blood and mucous surfaces.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is not a quack medi
cine. It was prescribed by one of the
best physicians In this country for
years and Is a regular prescription. it
Is composed of the best tonics known,
combined with the best blood purifiers,
acting directly on the mucous surfacesaI
The perfect combination of the two in- I
gredients is what produces such won
derful results in curing catarrh. Send
for testimonials, free.
F. J. CHIMCNY & LO, Props:, Toledo, O. I
Sold by. Druggists, price 76c.
Take MaSI -, Fam .ly Pls for oonatlp a
FATHERS ARE hAIL
EVEN THOUGH SEPARATED FROM
WIVES, THEY MUST CARE FOR
Helena, March 2.-(Special.)1-Be
cause 40 per cent of the children being
cared for by the state are the offspring
of parents who have separated. M. L.
Rickman, secretary of the bureau of
child and animal protection, i:; sending
out instructions to his deputies to start
proceedings against fathers who are
not contributing towards the support
of their children.
There are now in the children's honime
at Twin Bridges five full orphans, 47
half orphani, 10 illegimimates, 12 un
known and 94 children with both par
ents living hut separated.
Attorney (General D. M. Kelly has ad
,'ised Mr. Rickmnan that though it is
the primary duty of a parent to whom
the custody of the minor children have
been awarded in a divorce action to
support and educate suchi children, this
does not dissolve or destroy the rela
tionship existing between the father
and childr-en, nor does it relicve hin iof
hiii duty to supllpiort and educllate his off
spring. tie therefore holds the father
remains liable for the support and
maintenance of his child, notwith
stan :litng the luarriage may lhave been
The New "Mutt and Jeff."
With Ia sesatlI nuiI Inlomeludrlamatic
story under the title of "Miutt nd Jeff
in Pananma," (lus Hill's perennial sue
cess of lt t name, reappears "spick
and spa n." everything new hut the
buttonst , th elcan uip the clii again
ls it has ulone for the past two years.
The irreinpresslble "(us" has evidently
kept tubs on every line, thrill, laugh,
song alnd situation during his entlire
I "nearly :I century" of theatrical ex
perience. It seems that this season's
".'1utt and Jeff" conttains nothing but
the re:tl essence of irue nmusemeint
without ia hitch or a line that does
tnot go ove''r in great shape. ''he'(r.'s
catchy music, whistlehule music, a
laugh to every breath, a song hit or
an enltr:lilncing dance number, when
ever youlr sides begin to ache frotn
excessive lautghter, lnd a biunch of
exceedingly pretty girls to give the
Whole thing zest. There you have
"In P':unia." To say it is ia hit, 1s
putting it :ll together tio mildly. It's
ia riot! With gorgeouis seenli :and
light efft ,s and a magnificent change
of costumllel for every one of the 20 or
mlorre song and dance numbers. After
all, it resolves itself into a. "rip-roar
ing," side-splitting comedy such as
you would expect after seeing the
daily cartoons by Hlud Fisher which
are still as popular with the readers
of the thoiiiusand or' more daily and
Sunday papers as they were two years
go. "lMutt and Jeff," with the big
$5i0,000 proiduction, cones to tile Mis
soula tleatler Wednesday, Marh-b 4.
You wont' wish youul worst enlemy
siuchl lick is to miss "Mutt and Jeff."
As an extra attraction at the Em
press today the fourth reel of "Our
Mutlual Girl" will be shown, together
withl the celebrated conlmedy romance,
"An Ameritan Citizen," with John I
B'arrynlllor in the leading role. The
fourth rel-t of "Our Mutual Girl" opens
ar scente showing the dispersing of a
street crowd which has been attracted
by the unusual sight of a limousine
car filled with fashliolnaly gowned
ladies 1bing stopped oL the highway.
"(Ouir Mutual Girl" then visits itonwit
Tiller & ('ompany's famous store on
Fifth avelnue. The scene shows the
interior of the store with live models
trying on gowns. The next scene
shows, the races at Piping hock, with
scores of the most notable personages
in New York's four hundred. She
goes from the races to the Metropoli
tan Museumn of Art with Billy Burke,
She meets District Attorney Whit
mian in his office In the criminal
court buildling. She does niiil sees
Iniiiy things of interest ill this inun)
"An Amerlcaan Citizen" will be
shownl at the Empress for the last
time today. It is a delightfullyll hu
man dralna of adveoture and mni.sad
ventures, fortunes and misfortunes. It
portrays an exciting trans-continental
romallnce, in which allny numllber of
comic cinmllications center albot a
young Anwrican, who in the midst of
his defeats and victories, never for
gets his altriotism, though for a time.
due t~ a chivalrous impulse, lie is
forced to forego his American citizen
ship, which he eventually regains, to
gether with love and fortune.
John UIarrymore, ii the role of
Iteresford c'ruger. who bravely sacrl
fices nationality and fortune for the
sake of a woman and faces all his re
verses with a never-say-die fortitude
typically American, adds an artistic
pantomimic achievement to his list of
It's someine show at the BlUou this
week. The great Holman with his
ceruiscant spectacular novelty, the
happy frog, is one of the bhggest novy
elty acts in vaudeville. The stage
setting is most beautiful, a lily pond,
with toadstools and the fireflies glit
tering of music aundl aOnds that are'
very near to frog life, there the great
Holman appears as all irmmense frog
going through wonderful feats of Ion
Lortlon. Nothing ever like it has been
iseen in this city. Mr. Holman is ac
knowledged everywhere as the most
wonderful contortionist in the world,
and has been brought here at no
small expense to please Bijou patrons.
The Alcazar trio changed all three
singing numbers, each and every se
leetiois btlag of the very highest class
operftic as well 04 popilar seleetion&s
Tonight they will reader the tolow
Your scrubbing is done in half the
time, with half the work, with
Washes dishes, pots, pans, windows
and cleans everything in a jiffy.
5c and larger packages
"Let the 8OLD DUST TWINS
` do your wnork"
Iy~s --. f \III~; 1
i4ing4: "Nol I'" \t'r" ("It Is Not T'l'rul,'i
" ,%y ýlllt ,i, "''h ii',;r ',ll ,, h i i , hallici ,
ind t h lli, c iflt'. l frlnc l "l, 11 ." nill
1 44 ll v r i) n 'l-cre li4 t 11h.,s. ' 14 :.4,
I1 )(oJpl.e 1 i 1o .et lll .l 4 11, 1 i h I I 44'11 ,
\ .liss ulr w ill go t1 o t'in 1 ;( t 4 1 l, 1
DON'T CROW BALD
It's Quito Netdles--Nouri sh the Hlair
Use Parisian Sage.
rl ien4 4 r, 1' :i]4 hi . . l *'el, ' 11 4'I l I'.l 1 11,i"l I '. l -.i
1 ire 1 4 1i4 4i41,.,lll " ii hl4 l' 4 I444 4 Ii I li 4 1)1h
h reels o44'1 4 elll4 :414 'l l 4 I: i1 sllll ll. 1 i il.
\ 11 1. 4 :il li lli l l ili4 i sl ' lllll -
r I,' your 11air is ¢ettiig thin, losiing
r col" r, oIr lhas ih.ll mattedl, 1)4 55 :lif l nd
s Ml'oni ) :11 ý11I -11 1 '14,I 4e4444ol 1 44l4l4
,1 nt : llll i : l l 'll4I :4 4 1 .4 elit11 . 1 4 4il41 1 I4 I 'i
4I'ri :s1 ill Sag1,1 : II ie4D .4 fre44 ol4 tly f4ri
ll n 4'r. in ll l Ith I n isih n 1 ll4441' is 44ll
S'l'l is needed. I I1 r,"n ,L s I11x1 r.!i:uf
W1ith un111 : 1 1 144lie t ' 4 i4ll'4 : 4 l4s114 44 4' 4l4
'.4l- sin4 , bi 4 ,44 11'4 I444 ' 4l '4 rl i4 hin4 1
h1041; rl nitieS, rooks aunle ninviur tl
(1 t l llp( M1 d h t ;llnt s 11ill11. u In il-I\ ill'
41 4444, : 41441ll:4 i 44l4 d 14 I li i441 44444 life
1.4i l l ( ('Al for ,1 nill4, 4 e114 . ll d ill
44s44 ir 4 I'.1 11 44 4'44444s it.
phis refresllindg Il:tir tonic Ienn he
4 4 'I:t A Hilt l11 ; i o. hu ;il 1o litI. ill4 .
NEW OFFICERS ELECTED.
5 4r 44ilt 4ol 1's 4on 4ly. I4 rn1 e I r.i,4r I
'1 11- 4 it llw | t' is ( l t , (il re lh lil
1to 14444444 1illi 1 4 y if 'u rnlll' 4 i 1 .1 ii,
(,let :t 1 ill 4t I o4 4so e. e4 lih.t1.1
)'sel s L if hl I'V1ri |ll l t s Iur s lho, h "1
141 41ll1i st dl i4'i 'rs t'4li'r 41 4lir,1' Wi . I .
NEW OFFICERS ELECTED.
T nnual eti ng of the r4 lird1
lwing irwere er. The CAUSE).
(ta'rs, pesi H; 'realwy T. Irkne, i
PILEsare curable. All kinds
tablet, produce amazing 4results 4y attacking the
INTERNAL CAUSE. TIe piles are dried up and
permaaneently cured. 24 dlays' treatment. $1.().
DR. LEON H AE! T CO.. B u 4f1lo N. Y. (tree book)
gold by Missoula Drug Co. and all druggists.
HOW IS YOUR
Houston Realty Co.
125 East Main.
R. G. HULL
Daily trips across the reservation.
First-classa service. Careful drivers.
Riper Life lnd Aooldent Insuranoe and
National Surety Company.
DAN H, ROSS
Anaconda Copper Mining Co.
Big Blackfoot Lumber Co.
Western Pine and Larch Lumber
GENERAL SALES OFFICE LOCATED AT BONNER, MONTANA
j BONNER, MONTANA.
Mills Located at HAMILTON, MONTANA.
(ST, REGIS, MONTANA.
Our mills have constantly on hand large and complete assortments of
yard Iteoms n Vestern I'lno and Montanrlat ILartl.. Our failtllltie permit
of getting out 1ill and special items with the least delay. Shlpments
maerl ov\r N. I'. anld C.. M. & 1'. .. railtways. A largo and complete
factory In connuection, which makes aulythlng needed In Sauh. Doors,
Window and IDoor I"'rames, Mouldings and Inturior Finlah. Large ¶4o
tory fur the manufacture of
BOX SHOOKS, FRrtiT AND APPLE BOXES
PHONE 703-2 BELL
COAL - WOOD
All kinds dry Itu . ..ep yi ur ful
b II in ju 111I l' ,
PERRY COAL CO.
PHONE 667. 110 EAST CEDAR.
A good move-Coffee to
"There's a Reason"
A modern school
,./NI de o a n d s. All
either day or
even i ng.
KOCH & DIXON
4 - Proprietors
Call lell 466.
New and second-hand, for rent or
sale. Ipais : r fur all kindsd of type
J. W. LISTER
114 East M-in Street.
T\VICE-A-DAY CLASSIFIED WANT
ADS WiUNo XOU QUlcK RESULTS
POPULAR RESORT FOR MEN
ALL PERIODICALS AND
NEWSPAPERS FOR SALE.
FOR SALE AT
Hoyt-Dickinson Piano Co.
CEDAR RUN WHISKEY
STRAIGHT KENTUCKY BOURBON.
J. E. POWER
M ISSOULA MONTANA
J. M.Luycy Ses
Phonee-3Blle 4 Pj I al4.nt a
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