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.;. 'goday @ M card---Thatt' a, :. VOLL,. Eý-ý;nO. 80. . L T MiC VL L . 8.' MISUA.OTN, ,1A ONN, JULY 24,181:I4. PR1 EFIE ONE MORE SURRENDER MADE BY THE ADMINISTRATION ~TBis One, However, Is to the Jeople and Their Insistent Demands .' " " " - " " ".- - ' " -, - .- "- .. .. . . - NEXT ON THE PROGRAM *" .c : / . - ION Tifgo 4. . ý ýqt ý ýON'T r II r 44 rh ef - -~~r~~~sn~a;srr~-Bef i---F- ~ ~ " WtiL'S BARRED OUT IF THIS CLAIM IS-R1GHT RIVAL CANDIDATE DOESN'T WANT DAN TO HAVE SPACE IN THE STATE BOOK. Helena, July 23.-(Special.)-lf the contention raised today by U. W. Tong of this city, candidate for the republic an railroad commissionership nomina tion, is valid, the campaign text book to be issued by the secretary of state will be devoted exclusively to J. E. Erickson of Kalispell, who aspires to the democratic supreme judgeship nomination, and John A. Matthews of Townsend, candidate on the same ticket for the judgeship nomination in the Fourteenth district. These two bought space. Mr. Tong, in a letter to Secretary Alderson today, charges that the peti tion of Dan Boyle of Livingston, can didate for the same nomination Tong seeks, and that of Earl J. Johnson of Silver Bow, candidate for the same nomination on the democratic ticket, do not contain the signatures of two per cent of their respective parties congressional vote, and, therefore, they are iieligible to take space in the campaign book. Secretary Alderson at present is prepared to take the position that it is not his duty to pass upon the valid ity of any petitions filed in his office. He says: "Unless I am restrained, I will go ahead and put these candidates in the campaign book." SWINGING AROUND. St. Petersburg, July 23.-The French president, Raymond Poincare, accom panied by Premier Viviani, left here today for Stockholm. The president's visit to the Russian capital was greatly marred by the strike. DEMOCRATS HASTEN ACTION IN SENATE Washington, July 23.-DTetermination to expedite trust legislation and bring congress to an adjournment as soon as possible was demonstrated today when the senate promptly adopted the plan of the democratic caucus to hold daily sessions from 11 o'clock until 6 In the evening, with recesses from day to day in order to dispense with what is known as the "morning hour" for miscellaneous business. Many republicans voted with the democrats and it was agreed that trust legislation should be pressed each day until It is disposed of. The interstate trade commission bill, already dis cussed for more than a week at inter vals, now will be taken up0 in earnest and pressed until a vote is reached. Then will follow the C'layton bill to supplement the Sherman act and laust will come the railroad securities regu lation bill, which was reported today VILLA AND ZAPATA CAUSE UNEASINESS The Mexican Situation Pre sents Hopeful Phases, but the Course of These Two Fighting Leaders Is the Big Fly in the Ointment. Washington, July 23.-Reginaldo Cepada, senator from the state of (Coa huila and intimate friend of General Carranzla, has been elected by 1Jro visional President Carhajal to nego tiate the transfer of the government at Mexico City to the constitutional ists. Mr. Cepada, who was hiding in Mex ico during the Hluerta dictatorshilp, left Vera C'ruZ today for Tampico to meet General ('arranza. As soon as Dr. Cepada is received by General Carranza, an armistice \\ill he formally signed as the first step in the negotiations. General Carranza has indicated to the American government his willingness to declare a truce dur ing the negotiations, and the Carbujal government is anxious to do likewise. The Carbajal envoy has been in structed to ask for but two things: A complete amnesty for political offend ers and guarantees of protection to the lives and property of the Mexican people generally. While local agents of Carranza have said he was disinclined to grant am nesty, the speech today of the constt tutionalist chief at Victoria, Mexico, and other reliable advices show that he will declare an amnesty, though the constitutionalist government will reserve the right to punish those who were directly responsible for the as sassination of Madero and Suarez. Most of those implicated, however, have left Mexico City. President Wilson today said he was sure Villa would not cause any trouble. Secretary Bryan made public dis patches from George C. Carothers, special representative of the state de ,y Senator Newlands, chairman of thz interstate commerce committee. The aftermath of the democratic Calluus which relegated to fourth place on the legislative program the river and harbor appropriation bill, brought many indications of an earlier ad jourllnent than recently had been hoped for. Many senators privately asserted that they could see no chance for holding congress after the trust legislation is passed. Although some attempts were made to cheer the champions of river and harli;rs legislation with the assur ances that congress will wait long enough following trust legislation to pass their bill, there is such an un dercurrent of opposition to the meas ure that few members believe a quorum could be held to consider it. Administration leaders have set their IloDes for adjournment by September 15 at the latest with a possibility of concluding earlier. partment with Villa, saying the fight Ig general would not break with Car ,anza, but nevertheless the general ap-. )rehension here was indicated by the umiber of inquiries about Villa which 0oured in at the state department. Mexicans here who do not take an ptimistic view of Villa's position and hose who have been kept advised of is antipathy toward Carranza, say he breach has been but temporarily ealed. Villa will make vigorous de nands for a share in the government r promotions for his friends. As to Zapata, the disquieting reports re reaching Washington diplomats. Jne of the South American ministers ad a brief telegram from his consul general in Mexico City, saying merely: The situation here looks very dark." The Zapatistas are reported decid adly active and liable to take advan age of the unsettled situation at Mexico City to force an entry there be fore the constitutionalist troops ar rive. Keep Mum. Douglas, Ariz., July 23.-Ysidro Fe bela, secretary of foreign affairs in Carranza's cabinet, issued a general ,rder today, forbidding commercial agents giving out political opinions without first submitting them to Gen eral Carranza for approval. The or der followed recent disclosures of what are said to be constitutionalists poli cies notably from Los Angeles. Sonora officials expect to establish committees in each port to scrutinize applicants for admission as to their political affiliations. The plan has been submitted to General Carranza. In the Capital. Mexico City, July 23.--No arpmistice vith the constitutionalists has yet been arranged. President Francisco Carbajal, through his private secretary, made the following announcement to the Associated Press today: "An armistice has not been signed as yet, but the president is making ar rangements for a definite and peace ful settlement with the revolutionists. His most earnest desire is that Mexico shall return to the path of order and progress and the re-establishment of a legally constituted government." Fighting around Tialpam and Xochi milco is still going on. A strong col umn was dispatched at noon to rein force the federal troops in the field. These fresh forces, it is believed, will drive the Zapata adherents back into the mountains, where their retreat will be cut off by a column under General Pedro Ojeda, stationed .i Tres Marias on the railroad to Cuernavaca. The Zapatistas still hold their posi lions this afternoon, but the govern ment troops were pushing the attack against them. The safety of the capital was further assured today by the arrival of about 4,000 federals from Lagos. The troops garrisoning the city now number more than 20,000. They are supplied with 60 field pieces. Throughout the day federal rein forcements arrived at Xochilmco. The roads leading from the capital to that town were lined from early this morning until late tonight with federal cavalry and Infantry, making the 20-mile trip overland. Tonight the (Continued on Page Eight.) TCOLONEL F's LIBEL NEW YORPK 'REPUBLICAN BOSS DECL,, RES HE HAS BEEN MALIGNED. AlOPIS ROOSEVELT LINEI New York, Jul 23.--Chairnman Wil lain Barnes of the republican state 'immittee annii.ced today that he a:d instructed his counsel to bring suit for libel auoinste Theodore Roose velt, based on c'olonel Roosevelt's statement of last night attackipg Mr. 3arnes and indorsing the candidacy of Harvey b. Biniiann for the nomiona tion of governor at the republican pri nmaries. Papers Served. Oyster Bay, N. Y., July 23.-The obligation to a'ltear in court ant de fend himself against a $50,000 libel suit begun ,by William Barnes, Jr., chairman of the rv.plllican state cotm mittee, was iilposed on Theodore Roosevelt tonight w\itli the serving on him of the papers in the case. A copy of the complaint was handed to the ex-president by James S. Y. Ivins of the law firm which is acting for Mr. Barnes. According to Mr. Ivins, it rests with Mr. Roosevelt whether the libel suit shall be tried before election or delayed perhaps two years. Mr. Ivins, after meeting Mr. Barnes in the Republican club in New York and receiving the papers, motored to Oyster Bay in a downpour of rain. When he reached Sagamore Hill he was met at the door by Mr. Roose velt's son, Archie. The colonel was at dinner. lIe had learned that the lawyer was on the way from New York and hastened out to meet him. With out waiting Mr. Ivins' explanation of his visit, he held out his hand and greeted him cordially. "I am very sorry," Mr. Ivins began, "to disturb you in a matter of this kind." Brrt Colonel Roosevelt would listen to no expressions of rgret. "'That's all right," he said.' le in vited Mr. t\ins into his library. Then he brought out a box of cigarR, ex plaining that as he never smoked lie could not guarantee them. Mr. Ivins declined, lie held out the papers he had brought with him. Mr. Roosevelt took them without a word. The men talked for a few minutes, and Mr. Ivins left. Mr. I\ins said Mr. Barns, when he looked ovcr the papers in New York, remarked. "Mr. Roosevelt last year did the very unusual thing of suing for libel a Michigan editor who called him a drunkard. I am simply following the precedent he set." The only comment made by Mr. Roosevelt was when he was informed of the suit this afternoon. He had just returned from a walk through the woods. When the suit was mentioned his face grew stern for an instant. Then he laughed. 'Let Mr. Barnes go on," he said, slowly choosing his words with care. '"I have never said any thing that: I could not prove." THRIFT OF HUERTIA PUTS HIM OUT OF WANT Los A ngeles, July 23.--That the Rothschildls of Paris and London, un der the name of the Lower California Industrial Development company, purchased 100,000 acres of Lower Cali fornia land from the Huerta govern ment a month ago for 1 cent an acre and that Victorlano Huerta received $500,000 for allowing the sale, is charged by General Carranza in a message to his agents in the United states. A(dolfo Carillo, local agent for the constitutionalists, said today that Ysidro Fabela, a member of Carranza's provisional government, notified him the allegvd sale was registered in Mexico City under the name of Joa quin It. 'asasus, Paris attorney, rep resenting the Rothschild interests. Fabela declared the sum placed in the Mexican treasury for the 100,000 acres was only $1,000. In addition Huerta is charged with having imposed upon the Lower ('all fornia Industrial Development conm pany the one condition that it import no less than 50,000 Chinese laborers to be employed on this land at cotton raising. General Carranza already has ap pointed Ygnaclo Bonillas, a member of his cabinet, to investigate the Lower California land situation. Dramatic Scene in Senate When Jones Is Eliminated Washington, July 23.-Sudden withdrawal by President Wilson of his nomination of Thomas D. Jones of Chicago to be a member of the federal reserve board today ended the bitter controversy over his nomination in the senate. Letters that passed between the president and Mr. Jones accompanied the executive message and showed that the Chicago lawyer requested the action and the president complied with some regret that the fight could not be carried through to a finish. Senator Reed of Missouri, one of the democrats who has opposed the Jones appoint ment, had just finished a diatribe against the International Harvester company, of which the nominee is a director, and of those responsible for its organization and opera tion, wh'en the withdrawal shut off further debate. Opposition to the nomination had been based on Mr. Jones' connection with the ihar., vester company which is under indictment as a trust and the senate banking committee had submitted a majority report adverse to confirmation, signed by all the republican and two democratic members. At the White House it was said the president's action today did not indicate that there had been any change in his determination to insist upon the confirmation of Paul M. Warburg, whose nomination to the reserv e board also is being opposed. The senate contest over the Tones case, which threatened partial obliteration of party; lines and a free-for-all struggle, was at its height when the president determined to abandon his effort to force the nomination through. Feeling in the senate ran high. In this situation. Senator Inm-,l lr-_--------- ----... In this situation, Senator Rleed took the fqlor. Por several hours he at tncked the harvester comlatny (land re viewed President Wilson's position agoainst monopol)y, as expressed in the president's writings, I .-t ev'nressions as to ,tie "personal guilt" of officials of offending corporations, and demo cratic tplatform dectlarations on the same Subject. Harvester Trust. Through the history of the har vester company from its orgolnizai lon in 1902, the senator swept with :a whrlwn of veand of Invective and sarcnam, reiterating from the arguments 1.1 the government suit against the eoncern and the records of congressional in vestigation. TWhile Senator Reed was slpeaking, a rmnor reached the copllttot that the president had alreody detlermined to withdraw the Jones nominationl anld n short time Inter Secretary Tiimulty and Assistant Secretary Latta reached the capilol. Mr. Tumniulty went di rectly to the president's room, off tile senate lobby, and sent a messenger for Senator Thibis and Senator Pomeerine, who, with Senators Lee of Marylnnd and Shafroth, have been most active in urging the confirmation of Mr. Jones. Five tminutes before, Senator Pomereine had filed the report of the minority democrats on the banking committec recommlend ing Mr. Jones' confi rtna - tion. "Glory Hallelujah." The president's secretary hail not longt been in conference with the srae ators from Ohio and New Tlnmpshlr., before the purlpose (of his mission was whispered ablolut the senate lobbiy. Senator tlitcehcoek, one of the first to hear the news, remarkld, "(I ior'y hallelujah!" Then he turned (luiickly to the chambel r and as §entior 1',eed pautsei to look upll a reference in his speech, handed this note to the 'hit souirian: "President has just withdrawn Jones. Tumulty outside now willi message." Senator Reoed was visibly affected for a second, but cleared Iis throat and proceeded with his attack as though nothing had happened. In execut\ive sessio, na few m!llltes, later the formal announcemnlent of the withdraw\al was received without coin nuent. When the senate adjournled, how'ever, there was a aenlocratic love feast in the cloak room. Minority View. The report of the minority demo crals oni the banking and currency comnmittee held that alleged misdeeds of the hirvester company had been commnitted before Mr. Jones became a director and there was nothing in the record of any of the directors' meet ings attended by Mr. Jones to show a violation of any law, state or federal, "unless it be the mere fact that the corporation continued to exist and do business." The minority also took exception to the report of the majority condemn ing the New Jersey Zinc company with whhiclh Mr. Jones is connected, assert ing that this compllany never had been arraigned or coimplained of for the violation of any law and that its busi ness dealings were clean and fair. Next? Speculation over who Mr. Wilson Swill choose as Mr. Jones' successor I began immediately after the nomina tion was withdrawn. The names of I Omer F. IHershey of Baltimore and I. M. Fenton, the choice of Senator Lewis r of Chicago, were understood to be an t der consideration. It was thought that s Assistant Secretary of the Treasury 1 Hamlin would now be made governor n of the board. The president has been - assured that the nomination of Paul M. Warburg can be confirmed in the senate. e From the Preoident. 5 President Wilson's letter to Mr Jones read: 'I My Dear Friend-Your letter of the - 20th of July brings to me, I think, - more kinds of regrets than any other t letter I ever have received-regrets, a first of all, that the country should s lose the invaluable services of such a man as I, and all fair-minded men whoi - know you at all, know you to be; re r gret that I should have broaght upon r you so unpleasant an experience in which you were treated with gross and I SENATOR GILBERT M. HITCHCOCK mail ifiest( injustice; regret thatf Such circumistianics should stint even for the miOimenit to be ass(llfated with up )ointlmenf(it to high offh'e flildr the grcat govellrnmentl of ithe Inlledtl States, I'r.presl'onting a gn.eloillrls. fair and lion otraible people; regret thiat the organi zation of .lch ia. gl'at bhnkiLng sysitei shoid he so so emlartlased anl oh struct led. No Embarrassment. You need not think ilutt anything in the ipresenlt clr(unifstanct(es his ent iarritssed fme in t he least. It (aises' ime not the Hlighttest eiilbalrias.lml nt. I have no lmomieintl of hesitation or flagging enihusfisiis in standing by mon wllil o I honor and believe in. It gives me nothiiing bui pleasiure andl exhiliration to stanid by theim iit ainy t.ilme and to ifany exteint. You Iimay leave my feelings (lmy feelings, for mlyself) out of thfe reck foniiig. "The aspect of this mltter ufwhichl seems to lime o f gravest 'onceruIll iandf consleque'lnc', is fthat the ch(oicei of imember'slr of the federal reserve iJiboard of the new bif aniinig systemOl sliould haive ]i en an i .ife sion of p)ll11.14ilfi OPENING OF CANAL TO BE NEXT MONTH There Will Be No Formality Until the Big Fleet Passes Through in March, but the Big Ditch Will Be in Use. "Vashtngtln, July :13. )lpening of the Punall.a canal to the world's conl merce on Aiugust 15 next t.o ant lounced by Heeretalry Itarrison tonight. l'tb ha ly I he first \ easel to passl through the groat waterway will be the ( 'ristha l, a war department stean'lll "r note at Colon. "There will he Inl formaliti-,s il the epoch- llantking tvelnt, all ceremlonies being left for tel offihial opening when the einlltnllaIionlt fleet passes through the carnal in March, l1815. Mr. Garrison's anlounitetnent was made in this brief statemint: "Tile Panama canal will be openl for conlll.rce to 10(sels not needing mnore than 30 etlt of water on and after August 15, 1914. "The official opening of the canal, as heretofore atolllUcted, will be in the montth of March, 1915. An appropriate announcement will be made when a greater depth of water than 30 feet haIlls ben secured, "On the 15th of August, Colonel alignment and action. The adverse rer port on your nomination to which you justly refer as utnfair (and untrue, is of course not to be charged to the feel Ing or action of the senate of the United Sltates or to anything for which that great body as a whole can be held responshile. The report is signed only by the minority members of the conmlittee and by two members of the nmaijority who have usually acted with Ithen. There is no reason to be lieve that either in its temper or on its 'llncltsions that report relpresents the attitude of the senate Itself. I wish mnost heartily that the inaugura ion of the new national banking sys. teni, a systenl conceived landt enacted with nol eleliment of partisanship in its oblljects or plrovisiolns, ighlut. have been free frotn this ul'ortunate and omi nwhs incident. "I Ihlieve that tlie judgllment and de sire of the whole collntry cry out fort at new temnper in affairs. The timeo has collie whoel discrimination uganist par tliclllar classes of mlen should be abso lutely laid aside and dlscarded as un w\vorthy of the counsels of a great peo Ipl. The effort for genuine social jus tiie, for peace, the peace which is folnded on common understanding anu for Iprosperity, the prosperity of co operalion ;lnl Ill utuall trust antd confl. dlnce, should Le a. united effort with oullt plartian prejudicet or class antago nismll. It is only of such Just and noble elemientsn that tile wvetlfre of aa great colnlltry call be compoulltled. We have lirilthied alreadly too long the air of ssllplein andl distrust. The progress of reform is not retarded by generosity and f;lirness, Courtesy. "Yollr action in retquesting that your hame the iviot1rawn displays your uslaI; seiisitiv\ regard for con sidtl'rations o(ther than your personal InteIrest, and sincerely us I regret its I cnoillllt but honor you for the action you haive\ taklllen. 1 lhve no right to :;sik, muchl less t ulrge that you con iellll to allow yourself to be made the football of thle sort of contest which has sprung tip over the nomi nation. It is a matter of genuine sl rrow to rme that1 a man like you slould be excluded fromn the publlo se(rvice 11po11 greiat occasion. But neiter of us is responsible for these extraorlilnary circumstances. We canlllot ilask you to undergo more than you have undergone. I can only hope that Ietter, cooluer, wiser counsels may Ipresently prevail. "Moreover at prograln of corrective (Continued on Page Five.) uoethals will inaugurate the com., inercial service by sending a govern-. Inent boat through the canal. There will be no ceremonies incident to the occasion, but American newspapers, who nmay desire to have representa tives present, may do so. The others who will be present 1on the boat will be determined between now and then. "LINDLEY Ml. GARRISON." vhetn the Christobal steams to the Atlantic entrance of the canal it Will mark the conclusion by American en terprise of the greatest engineering task ever undertaken and the cul mination of 10 years of the hardest kind of work against physical obstaL cles that have severely taxed the abll ities of the army engineers under Colonel Goethals. S.nte things remain to be done to lerfect the waterway. The channel through the Culebra cut must be deepened and widened so that it will not be necessary for the great liners anid battleships to pass through the tricky "slide" at Cucharucha and Bold hill, in single file. Much excavatlon must be done in both approaches. While with 30 feet of water in the canal some of the great dreadnoughts might pick their way through after August 15, yet secretary Daniels aid' tonight he would not be likely to br der any such movemrent exRept lt ax emergency. He will wait t4t!l there is more water in the great ItchI.