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The Daily Missoulian. [volume] (Missoula, Mont.) 1904-1961, July 25, 1914, Morning, Image 1

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rWashington, July 2:.-Official ad
vices today revealed that the VWash
ington administration was meeting
with success in bringing Provisional
President .Carbajal, General Carranza,
General Villa and General Emiliano
Zapata into harmony for the restor
ation of peace in Mexico. From
these four leaders--representing all
factions concerned in the establish
ment of a stable govrnemnnt-came
encouraging messages in answer to
the counsel and auvice which the
United States has been lending
through its numerous consular and
diplomatic agents to smooth the way
to an agreement:
General Zapata, about whom little
had been known hitherto, answered a
communication sent indirectly to him,
promising to co-operate with the con
stitutionalists in the work of pacifi
cation. It became known also that
two emissaries from General Car
ranza tq General Zapata were due in
Vera Cruz tomorrow and 'would ex
plain to the southern military leader
the concessions and reforms planned
by the constitutionalist chief. ,Offi
cials were confident an amicable un
derstanding would be reached and did
not attribute any significance to'the
activity of the roving Zapata bands
in the vicinity of Mexico City.
General Carrdnza, through the
American consuls accompanying him,
sent renewed assurances of his friend
liness for the United States and in
dicated that he would make satisfac
tory arrangements concerning the am
nesty and guarantees desired by the
Carbajal government. Carranza nr- 4
rived at "Tampico today and while
there will meet Reginaldo Cepada, his
intimate friend, who has been author
ized by Provisional President Carba
jal to make preliminary arrangements
for the transfer of the government to
the constitutionalists.
While General Carranza is ready to
grant amnesty and give guarantees to
those who have opposed the constitu
tionalists, persons criminally respon
sible for the assassination of Madei-o
and Suazer, will not be given immun
ity. As most of the guilty have fled
the country, the Cnarbajal government
is not disposed to object to such ex- I
ceptions as are made by General Car
I- --
Success Is Predicted in at
Least One Congressional
District and the Interest in
the Battle Is Intense.
New Orleans, July 24.-Members of
the progressive party in this city and
throughout the state are enthusiastic
over the meetings already held at
Broussard, Lafayette and Ahbeyville,
and predict freely that they will elect
a congressman in the Third congres
sional district, the rice and sugar
country of Louisiana.
First meetings of the campaign,
which opened Friday night at Lafay
ette, indicatbd that the progressives
wiere strongly intrenched in southwest
Louisiana, and that unless some un
looked-for circumstances arise, they
would carry that part of the state in
the coming elections.
SMarhy of tlhe foremost' democrats of
southwest Louisiana are evading the
direct question as to whether or not
ranza in this connection, especially as
it is intended to prosecute them
through 'the courts and those accused
will have an opportunity to prove
their innocence.
rovin Presna President Carbljal sent
for the Brazilian minister, who is
caring for the interests of the United
States in Mexico, anid asked him to
inform the VWashington government
that he and his associates wanted no
share in the new administration, but
simpl'y an amnesty and guara.tees
for the property of all Mltexicans, re
gardless of political affiliation.
What Mr. Carbajal said was trans
mitted to American Consul Silliman
today to assist in preparing the way
for the peace conferences to be held
when Cepada arrives.
As an instance of the good faith of
the Carbajal government, General
C(arranza has been permitted to talkl
by telegraph to his agents in Mexico
City, direct communication having
been set up by way of San I.uis Po
Doubts which officials had ex
pressed over General Villa, also were
quieted to a considerable extent to
day when word came from the fight
ing general himself that he would do
all in his power to restore peace in
Mexico and would unite with the other
constitutionalist leaders toward that
common purpose.
Villa's message was sent in re
spolse to the personal appeal of the
Washington government' urging him
to forget his personal differences with
Carrtanza in the interest of national
patriotism. Officials felt, after the
receipt of Villa's message that even if
political dissension did arise over pro
motions or divisions of political spoils,
such friction would not be permitted
by Villa to develop to the point of a
counter revolution, a circumnstncllle on
they are Bull Moosers. Andre Mi. Mar
tin. memtber of the state central conm
mittee; ()verton ('ade, former railroad
comlnissioner, and mnny others say
that they have not joined the party as
yet, but intimate that they will if
conditions keep on as they are.
Not since 1880 has there been other
than a democratic congressman from
the Third. William Pitt Kellogg was
the last republican. Action by the
democrats on the sugar and rice meas
ures has changedt thle attitude of the
people in the district against demo
Edwin F. Broussard, brother of
Democratic Senator-elect Bob Brous
sard, has joinedt the ranks of the pro
gressive party. The Lafayette, Abbey
ville and Broussard meetings brought
out gretit crowds. Edwin Broussard,
Wilson T. Petertman, Judge Whitman
P. Martin and T. J. Labbe addressed
the voters. The:/ were received wilth
the greatest ovation ever given speak
ers in this state so early in a cam-t
paign. There was a meeting today at
Houlma, and on Tuesday the pro
gressivee will hold a state convention
at Morgan City.
which he now realizes the American
government would frown.
Another incident today which
served to elevate Villa's status in the
situation was the receipt of a message
from Charge Clausse of the French
CIembassy, who informed Secretary
Bryan that an investigation by agents
of ihe French government exonerated
Villa from personal blame in connec
tion with the killing at Zacatecas of
two French citizens, members of the
O)rder of Christian Brothers.
General Caarranza has given assur
ances that those responsible for the
death of the Frenchmen would be
punished. This incident as well as
all other foreign complications offi
cials think, will be adjusted as soon
as a transfer of government is ef
fected in Mexico City.
The American government has as
yet not taken up with General Car
ranza the question of financial deal
ings with the subjects of those Eu
ropean powers which had recognized
the Huerta government as legal. Car
ranza has announced that he would
repudiate such debts. When a stable
government is established, however,
representations on the subject will be
made by the United States so as to
obtain an equitable settlement. At
tpresent much interest is manifested
in the investigation being conducted
by Provisional President Carbajal into
the financial transactions of the
Sucerta administration.
[lMuch of the urnaslness felt in
Mexico City-and legations and em
bassies here have received many tele
grams describing the unrest there
is attributed to the uncertainty over
the attitude of General Carranza.
Some generals there think Carranza
intends to take the capital by force
and arrest those who serve Huerta.
Double Cross.
El Paso, July 24.--Contrary to of
ficial \tashington advices that the ad
ministration was meeting with suc
cess in pacifying different factions
among the constitutionalists and that
peace was near in Mexico, it was re
ported here on good authority today
that General Villa's agents were buy
ing large quantities of arms at Chi
cago and St. Louis. Agents of the
rational constitutionalist government
declared that none of the purchases
had been made by Carranza. .
Coincident with this came further
news that Villa was entrenching him
self in his ('hihuahua stronghold. Ar
rivals from Santa Rosalia, Torreon.
Chihuahua City and other points said
that those towns were placarded with
appeals for enlistment in the army of
the north. Two pesos a day were
offered as pay, making a scarcity of
labor in mines and on rancees.
Opinions of officials and observers
here still differed as to whether Villa
would move south to Mexico City or
remain in the north. The former
belief was strengthened by the report
that one of Villa's brigades that comrn
mantled by General Raoul Madero. de
part-ed from Chihuahua today for the
south, its destination not being given.
S'illa returned to Chihuahua City to
day, officials here said,
The Ultimatum Takes Effect Tonight
and the 'Diplomats of All Europe
Are Devoting Their Energies to
Avert th War Which Threatens and
Whi.h Would Be General.
Vienna, July 24.--Baron von
Glesi de oaesiloingrn, the Austro
'tIun:ga~tn'.°ninttister at Belgradte
has been instruct,.d to leave Servta
with the entire legation staff, if by
6 o'clock Satunl:lry evening the
Servian government has not noti
fled him that it agrees without de
lay to Comply withi the demands
of Austria's note.
A Sensation.
Belgrade, July 24.-The contents
of the Atlstro- Iuungaarian ultimatum
to Servia became, known here to
night in an Austrian newspaper
and caused a great sensation. The
chbinet mihistbrs met today and
will convent again tomorrow morn
ing. It is expected they will de
cide to make an evasive reply to
Lot.don, ,u'ly `24.-European diplo
macy is faced with a situation of cx
tretie gravity in the controversy be
tween Austria and Servia. Unless
it is hanndled with great delicacy, it is
not unlikely that others besides these
parties will become involved in war.
An Austro-ltungatrian ultimatum to
Servia, couched in a. tone of almost
unprecedented severity and fastening
on the Servinn government and people
responsibility for the masassinations of
Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his
wife at Saray'vo, has been presented
at Belgrade. It demands satisfaction
within 48 hours.
The almost universal- opinion in the
European ealtitals is that the Servian
government cannot comply with such
humiliating terms as are set forth in
the ultimatum, since compliance
would be tantamount to an admission
of Servia's guilt. The Russian gov
ernment already is seeking an exten
sion of time fir Servia.
The efforts of European diplomacy,
should the powers fail to avert the
threatened war, will be devoted to
locallzidr it. Montenegro has indl
cated her readtliness to support Servia
in the event of an Austrian attack.
This certainly would plunge the whtole
of the Balkans into hostilities. Aus
itra counts on the 'neutrality of her
allies, Germany and Italy, but with
the possibility of Russian intervention
on behalf of Siervia, Austria would run
great risks of risings among her own
great Slav population.
A fact much commented upon by
the Europe':n newspapers is that Aus
tria has chosen a moment for the is
suing of her ultimatum when Presi
dent Poinlcare is absent from France
and two of the Balkan premiers are
The Servian government is with
holding publication of the text of the
ultimatum in Belgrade.
'Against the forts and Austrian gun
boats on the Danube, nelgrade could
not hold outt 24" hours, and it Is
rumored in diplomatic circles here
that the Servian government is pre
paring to retire from the capital into
the interior, probably to Nisch or
Acording to Berlin reports, Ger
many will not permit interference by
any third party in the event of Aus
tro-Servian hostllttles.
It is reported that President Poin
care of France will abandon his pro
posed Scandtinavian tour on account
of the trouble.
Russia Alarmed.
St. Petersburg, July 24.--The Aus
.tro-Serviann situation was considered
at a four-hour meeting of the cabi
net today. It is understood that as
a ruse, Russia ilrmedlately will inter
vene in the controversy by asking to
prolong the period she has given Ser
via to reply to her ultimatum so that
European diplomats 'may have time
to act.
The tficial view is that should
Austria rdfuse to prolong the term of
the ultimatum, Russia may take ex
treme 4measurea. It is considered
here that the dispute should have been
submitted to the European powers, to
whose decision Servia is willing to
Another cabinet counol will be held
under the presidency of Emperor
(Continued 'Prom Page Three)
Washington, July 24.-(Speclal.)-Senators Myers and Walsh scored a
decisive victory today in the.senate. It was the cantest over the senate
amendment, to the Indian bill, making the appropriation for the Flathead
Indian project conditional upon an affirmative opinion from the attorney
general, that the rights of the Indians are protected under the existing law.
After several hours of debate by the senators, it was decided, by a vote of
45 to 7, to instruct the conferees of the senate to recede from the amend
ment. This action serves to eliminate the amendment.
i - - .. ... .. . ... ... .... . _.... .. .
Great Chicago Financier
Says Men of All Classes
Are Honest as a Whole
but Individuals Err in
Every Line of Life.
Chicago, July 24.---There is no
foundation for munch of the agitation
about business conditions in the
United States, George i1. Reynolds,
resident of the ('ontinenital & .'om
mercial National bank, and John G.
Shedd, president of Marshall It 'idi &
Co., asserted in their test imottiny today
Ibef'ore the federal colilimission otn in
dustrial relations.
The witness said much of the posst
mitismn expressed (wtilhtd tei traced to
"Unrest exists hut there is a great
exaggeration of plresent conditions,"
Mr. Reynolds said. "The prosperity
of our own people c('~lnllred with that
of people of tany other land is Rsuchl
that so much discussion atll criticism
is not warraunted. A great dtlll of iour
troubles are only mental after all.
"The United Charities last winter,
actilng with laudable tl!urpoi of idl
Washington, July 24.-llopublticans
of lith senate let it Ihe known today
that they uari ias anxious as thlte demo
crats to adjoulrl Ongress atnd go
homne. Moreover, they hlave determined
to hold the, democrats to theilr legis
lative |program, permitting no ibusiness
except trust legislation and conference
reports to conic upl for diiscussion and
atro hoping to get away by Septemn
ber I.
Discussion of the interstate trade
commission bill was resumed in tile
senate. ronator Weoks of Mutassachlu
setts oplposing it chiefly on the grounld
that it would be enormously expensive.
tie objected to all the trust bills be
cause, in his opinion, there is no pub
lic demand for such legislation.
Senator Thomas interrupted Sena
tor Weeks to make an attack upon
senator New\iands' amendment to the
trade commission bill, providing that
an order of the collmmisslon shpultd not
he admlissible as evidence in suits uln
der the Sherman anti-trust law. Thec
senator thought this would lead to in
extricable confusion.
Senator Colt of Rhode Island said
that after the supreme court had taken
1t, years to get a basis for interpreting
the Sherman law it seemed that con
gress, by using the term "unfair coiii
,petition" was setting out on a seao of
doubt and uncertainty.
Senators Cummins and Newlands
defended the bill and amendment. The
former asserted it would be highly
tbeneficial to keep the offense of un
fair competition separate from the of
fenses of restraint of trade and
monopoly forbidden by the Sherman
Helena, July 24.-(Special.)-Wheth
er candidates for state offices are re
quired to obtain the signatures to their
nominating petitions of 2 per cent of
their party's congressional vote in the
state, distributed over seven counties,
or merely 2 per cent of their party's
congressional vote in one-tenth of the
precincts of seven counties, is a ques
tion several candidates would like to
have answered. O. 2W. Tong insists
tie first construction is the proper
opB: Dan Boyli and Earl J. Johnson,
whom Mr. Tong seeks to keep out of
the campaign book, insist thile second
construction is propier.
ing suffering, idvelrtised 1'Chhigo'x
tiim lt iploynlVtllt and su ffering. It
pailnttl'd the pi ture is blahk as ipossi
hli' ti obtain aid, but it overdid the
picture. There is too uIitch agitation
fromt nil sides."
"lo 'nyou c'Otnsider. the imassingl of
weaillth and the uiniit.oer.dal sIIattr'nut(ry
of ia nation desiralhie f II nuea;ns tihe
submerlllgence of i larget clss of citi
et.s'?" askediti Col"missioner AiIstin l 1.
t(arrettson, of the U'llitod otrder of
flniiivway 'onductoirs,
"No," I Mr. Reynolds repllietl.
"Dto ;on considter the tien who tiikie
tip unions more11 dishonest ithan other
"The majority of imen in all 'clases
are htonest. I.ndiv dllaIs soltim Iles
alise their(' postllons."
itr. Sihedd sii hl at his firm em
plyetd biet ween 10,000 a nid Ii , 1l0 per
"Tinresi i initlustry i m worhlovihte,''
he said. "and is ariused Iy a desire' toill
tetter food, ihotter hll.osing, letter
clothilg 1and lmore leisure. A large
ele .ient is i the prevaililng aglitation
for pInrly ltpoliteal ipurposes mid by
trrespolilsibli's tor pirllPsise f i lOt1irle
ty. Another clement Is the rapidly
II'lncreasing ,complllhxiy oif ind stlll rital
c'lullliti slls.
" nt tluist is a sgii o f i progrOs:, lot.
necessarily anll evil."
John It. lillaird, com'llmissilltor of
National T'radesi insacaih n;, sail he
did not belhve hil collectiveo blrganlll
illg betuaucll of lacek oflt etaponal.bili,.t
of thO lunionls.
"I has bcome alll ippIarllent," he saidt
hIve had tio e licl htilr illel',. iRe tor'
Iilo? s c n 11 n Tl l h ' iA, wl ilhR O il cutl -
hlcive, iargai. nig lasis lint ,. n st he
iTe lltlt hegrants irotlctie lage, urged the
eslla lilshln tl y lht, governent of
t atiioinal hahor ,xc.lhinga, \hichhh shet
said vil'llid idoi away l tll private lem
p]llloymnti har ts l,\ whihl the inm i-
granlt. is exltlolted. Sitile advinateid ia
pitlrnult entll coI' niii slonI i to investigate
laihor upllrtisings.
Margaret Hinchey
Tells a Sad Story
".rothers, I appeal to the sense of
Justice, to tile broad-mindedness wLhich
I have found characteristie of western
miten, in a~sking you to give your
women the vote, to raise thenl ouit of
slavery, to set thm bly your sides as
youir equals, your co-workers."
So did Miss Margaret llinthey.
blacklisted leader of the great 1912
strike of New York laundry workers
conclude an appeual for equal suffrage
last night. Miss tintichey aiddressed a
large, interested crowdI of men and
women frolm an automomttbile at the
corner of Higgins avenue and 'Main
street and for a full hour Ihld her
ndi tente trlutly interested in her re
cital of the conditions of life which
make the ballot an abhsolute necessity
for the ,vnitan wiho toils.
Miss llinchey spoke as the repre
sntiat\ive of the women workers of
the country. Missoula voters had
Ileard often enough the case of the
womitan in the hiome; last night I they
were given a chancte to hear reviewed
the needs of the thousands of women
to whom home life is an economnic im
possibility, who have been driven into
active industrial competitition with
men. This side of the case was quite
new to luany of the speaker's listeners,
but the applauise with which brilliant
thrusts were greeted showed thtat all
were affected.
Herself a memnber of the great op
pressel class she replresents, MisK
Hinchey knows whereof she speaks.
Site caltei to this country while yet a
child and since then has toiled in real
slavery as scrub woman and laundry
worker. She cam e to the fore as a
leader during the great 1912 strike of
the laundry workers, was blacklisted
for her endeavors and since then has
been fighting for the enfranchisement
of her sex, seeing in political equality
a chance to make the slavery of her
sisters ia ltttle less abject.
Miss Hinchey's speech sparkled with
homely figures of speech, illustrative
of the life she has led. She presented,
off-hand, horrifying glimpses into the
conditions surrounding the child and
women workers of her state. The ad
dress was a glowing excoriation of
social injustices; an appeal to the
western man to aid his eastern sisters.
The speaker told of woman toiling
dreary hours over steaming vats,
driven at top speed that male New
York miight go the next day in
fresh-starched cuffs and collars. She
told of women about to become moth
The Solons Are Afraid to Touch This
Agreement Even With a Long Stick
and the Business Will Probably Go
Over to the Next Session, Whiohs
May Mean the Colonel Won' Testify.
W Vshingtol, .July 24.-- President
Wilson sent to thl, sienate today for
rtilfictulon S~tirl.etary 13ryuni's new
peIace treti es with 20 nat ions, provid
ing for sltcl001 Investigation of dis
ptlles it all cases. where the resources
of tdiptlnilcy have fiiled. They are
the treaties with \\which Secretary
IBryn has indiltlt(ed the president
wi.hea to have ratified lbefore con
gress adjoulrns. Whethler they can be
pushed through is considered doubt
f'il liy some iiembPI'ers of the foreign
relations comlnlittlee amiong them sev
eail clerocra ts.
'I'The treaties are with Iialvador,
tlniolnlla, Pnanima, 110ndurns, Nicar
Ilglt, The Netherllands, Illltvia, Portu
egnl, Pl'rsi.a, lienmnark, Switzerland,
Sot:i itsi( . liiniitn leiin Republic, Vene
zuiet, Italy, Norway, Peru, Argentlna,
Itrnail and ('hile. The three laitter
were signedl today. MSill lar conven
tli tos .4gitateid..with (reat *Britaits
ftndl Preance have not yet. been signed.
Secretlary I ryan forwarded the
trualthi to tlihe seulte anii conferred
\wlith ('hairnl'nl Stole allld other nmem
h(rs of Ithe contii(' tli tee.
Administration settuitlrs havet. agreed
Ito tit theilr Irbet to have the treaties
fa'vorabll rephortedl speedily. No meet
ing of the colmnilttee will be helhl un
til nextl \Wllnesda.y, when Theodore
ltoois\veolt's reiquest for ii htearinc g on
the ('olonltlan Ironty will Io consid
ere(t. There H growi\\ng feeling not
Ito rieporlt t trleaty ait this session.
Adntliiiistratio1n senatlorH, however, do
niot Lsay thlr' is such nll inte0ntion.
e(rs slaln ing it their labors in the
laulndtry until the nilhulnce caine to
litke them away. She tohl of children
---dead, unfteeling )bits of human ma
chilnery--dying at their posts. She
told of woimen struggling to keep body
tind solt together on insufficient wages
untlt at last the sheer need of food
dllrove thea' to sell themlselves. She
told of policemen, fat on the salaries
paidl from taxes on iwomnen, sending in
nocent girls to the gutter with threats
of Jutil sentences. She tolul-
Ilut tilth, list is long enough. The
facts( Miss Ithlnhlley haintelllred out at
her audience last night sthould make
the mluost c('llous votemr blush for
shamle. They constitute a true bill
against our ci\vilgation which cannot
ho evaded.
And in return for these inhuman in
justices Miss ltinchey asked, not re
iblltlurlseiclnt in tihe sllhape of a reor
ganized society. but the mere privilege
of voting, the hallot only, that women
iimay in H)ineO measure fight for them
selves and aid their brothers in work
ing out their conuion destiny.
"Yiu men, I know, will not keep us
in slavery," she said. "You will not
c(lass is with the feetle-minded, with
mere beasts of turden. Woman was
intended by God to stand at man's
side, his helper. Instead we are being
trampled underfoot, denied the right
to l protest. Personallly, I feel sure that
Montana menl will give their sisters
ttie right to vote.
"In New York eqlual suffrage is to
ibe voted on in 1915, and I'll tell you
that if it isn't passed, , the laundry
workers will have something to say.
Every man who sends his shirts to
the laundry will find the tail starched
hard and stiff. After the men of New
York have have stood this for a while
they'll tie glad to sit duown at any cost.
"We ask you for the vote as a mat
ter of justice. It is our right, and
without it we have become mere
Again Tonight.
Miss Hinchey will speak from the
same corner at 8 o'clock tonight. In
this talk she will present statistics
about the women workers in this coun
try which are in themselves irrefutable
arguments for equal suffrage.
Washington, July i4.---(SpeclalbJ..
The senate today confirmed the nomi
nation of James ,. Bole, receiver at
the Bozeman land office.

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