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RtAIPUTIN, ' ,f.*yStIC, 18 A RE
MARKABLE tFIGURE IN THE EMPIRE; London, July 2'.---The mystic peas ant-born Russian monk Gregory Ras i u en 'whrn .a -·anrderos a attrack _- made by. , -woman while he was lsll . me Jn a Siberian village ,ce I; bed-by the St. Pe iersb corre~pa dent of the Daily .hrotulg a o'he absolute master of he Ik usf4dt " pertain thkt no reat uii4a iurt today 'it' uidir ucCh. yatic sway a that - $Ith asps f eputed to ,have oer Nlcholas of Rusa, the l hal household., Atys ieen tl.e,. of' Russia for _tle years ' ba- ' .. .' Thfritl putin has bedp ea epig~/t h.obles of the c9iznt ;ro liby'not falIlen under his ll16 ýice. Hip ahist fros .,St. Peerfi lurg, during whiqh th$ 'attack upon him came, wai hbped t~ meda b tlt lie had fallen into disgrace, but ..~$it lrevious to the news of his being asabbeq, .tl anitiouncemebt was bhade that the had been .recalled to the em perorie palsce. This moddith Richelieu is the son of a fairly wealthy -peasant of Tob3lsik. *e had but little schooling and led min uneventful life until about 30 esars dd, when he developed 3.dligioini r Dor, became a lay monk and Wei' .bn a pilgirite. : At the mbhlasteria hbb visitetl, .i. picked up sa~ie learning anl"d also mtiagee. to receive a lette* of introduction to Bishop Theofdft at St. P4terbubtg. i.his was In 1_~1i0. ýhrotgh t;he .lnuence of the hiliiep, the peasaiit began to mebt- the ithlu ehtia:i $*ple -of the city and .blrt. fHis mystic philosophy created infer e4t, and he had the gift of repastee shd p~bte onuertation. At first Rasputin stuck .to his peas ant garb, n" which he made a pic turesque 'figure. But soon he 'tik up an elegant style of dressing ahia living, which exCited the envy $° Bishop Theofah... The bishop obtained ah order to exile Rasputin to Siberia. Blut not only did Rasputin's appiea to the czar save him, but caused the bishop to be dismissed to Poltowa without even tijne to see his dying father. Other powerful officials tried to check the advance of Rasputin only to find themselves in disfavor. Ras p.Itin became the intimate of the roy al family, gave orders to the ministers a'd conductdd hthielf' as the supreme power. The only successful attempt to in duce the court to send Rasputin away resulted disastrously for the plotters. Before leaving, Rasputin wafned the empress that misfortune Was sure to follow. When the heir to the 'throne fall ill, the frightened empress re called the favorite in haste. Since his return Rasputin's power has continued to grow. His counsel is called for in deciding every ques tion of importance. It is said on high authority that he brought about the ujinisterial change last year that saved Russia frotn a war '*ith Aus tria. He lived as a prince, with a mragnificent villa at Yalta, in Crimea. One of his daughters by his peasant wife is being educated in an aristo c'atic girls' college in St. Petersburg ahd is chief .biiiatihti- Of the emper or's daughterf. RIasputin is evn re pbrted to address the czar as "thou" ahd "thee," a freedom denied even the grand .dukes. A mbnth ago 'Rasputin was ordained ' priedt by a minor bishop of his na tive diAttiCt. This act has arouSed the antagonism of the powerful heads of the chtirch. It is with these 'big ecclesiasticb that Rasputin Will iow have to deal in holding his positioth. F LEAVES CAPITAL FOR COOLER PARTS * * ,i - MRS. M. F. PHELAN AND CHILDREN. Mrs. M. F. Phelan is the wife of t he sepresentative in congress of the Soventh Massachusetts district. With her two children she has just left WpI lngton to return To 1e d S T.i Lm-Ian fet TIAUE' WmtOP m THEY DE APIP THAT HEIR SE8 RECEIVE RECOGN 1ION London, J3ily 26.-The Wbmeh Freedom league has prepared a list tf di ttrgti tefrte wnr r trck -up its p titibn to tFe kind to reward with titles.' m notA and .ib spit. it4d * re_ r indc im pdriat al l vice tie -dorr , dMel d&4ho far beeti tits o f o s to' reete ~~lh is 'the, di ibiiontf' hdno s 'n hd k 'sig' birtlafl .Th Wjom n's Freedom league, however, thinkr complimentary handles should bd placed against the names of the following: mperial services Lady (Lugard (llor Shaw), Miss Meriel Talbot, Vic toria !league; Lady Henry Somersett, Ms. :Annie Besant, Miss Haldane, ariny'work; Miss Agnes Weston, navy w rk. - Social service: Miss Margaret M cniillan, school clinic work; Coun cilor Margaret Ashton, Mrs. Bram w1ll Booth, Lady Frances. Balfour, Mts. Sidney Webb, Mi.h Eva v -Gbre Bdoth, Miss Esther Roper, Midri aMry MiacArthur, Mrs. Creighton; Mt . -1Br nett. Writers: Flora Annie Steel, Olive Schreiner, Alice Meynell, Lady Greg or$y. Art! Ellen Terry, Lena Ashwell, Miss 'Horniman, Madame Clara Butt, Dr. Ethel Smyth, Lucy Kemp Wldhi Scidnce: Mrs. Hertha Ayrtbu. Lady Hiuggins, Dr. Annie Porter, Mi.' G4t doh Ogilvie, Dr. Scharlieb, Dh. Gar rett Anderson. Education: Emily Davies, Francis Ddve, Isabella Cleghorn, Miss Jones, Louisa Lumsden, Sophie Bryant. Distinguished service: Mrs. at. Clair Stobart, ambulance and mili taty service; Miss Violet Markham, publicist and philanthropist; Miss Edith Durham, .war. correspondent; Lardy ,Aberconva6, politci;an; ,Mauie Royden, speaker and 'wk tet. Matrons of hospitslsi *Ises Moil togh, St. Bartho~6mew's; Miss Lloyd Still, St. Thomas'; Miss Louise Vic toria Haughton, Gry's; Miss E. C. E. Luckes, London; Miss E. McQll .An det'son, St. George's; .Ma s .Ysditg, Westminster; Miss M. McEvoy, Atiti Vivisection: Miss A. R"'. Bifa, Gt. Northern Central; Miss I. C. Bennett, Metropolitan; Miss B. Sherratt, Can cer; Miss Garrett, Lock Hospital. FAItUS fORMI WiB AND STUDY SCHOOIS Omaha, Neb., July 25.-That the Fathers club idea has brought good results in this city is evidenced from the fact that since the first club was formed in this city on May 13, 1913, at'the Madison avenue school by Sty mest Stevenson and a few enthusiasts, clubs have been rapidly organized and 12 are now in active operation in the city. The object of the clubs as given' in their literature is "to bring the fath ers in closer touch with the children, the schools, the teachers and the board of education in an endeavor to bring about the very best riesults for the betterment of the bhildetn." Stings or bites of insects that are followed by swellings, pain or itching should be treated promptly, as they are poisonous. BALLARD'S SNOW LINIMENT counteracts the poison. It is both antiseptic and healing. Price 25o, 50c and $1.00 per bottle. Sold by George Freisheimer.--Adv. T 13 OT If ;:·· } thy. r · '"i ": t, ' -- ý. , ý -'1·l-:·g" ,4. jir!:\+ L, r w SUFFRAGIST PETITIONERS ON STEPS OF CAPITOL; REPRESENTAT`IVt MONDELL IN BACK ROW. Washirrngtn;- Jly r5. - Membters of the Congressional. Unlon 'for Woman Suffrage are still continuing their ef forts to persuade the house rules com mittee to me.t ati-n&rpo. t out the Bristow-Mond.el bill providing for equal suffrage amendment. Several score of suffrage advocates, under the auspices of the Union and led- by ;Miss Alike Paul and Miss Lucy HOT GASOLINE WAR BY IEIG MONOPOLY Monopoly fightb with a two-e ted lwbi#d. 'the li h-ppice edge is for the, eoilsumer, the ruinously low price edge' is for rivals that it would destroy or drive from the field of competition. In the end the public is made to feel the cutting foNbte of litith 'dles. In the past repressive legislation against the trusts has been directed against the evil of excessive prices, but the trades commission bill now before the Sehate opens with this dec "rhtt untinr competition in nom-' merce is hereby declared unlawful. The commission is hereby empowered ani directed to prevent corporations frdm using unfair methods of compe tition in comnbiece." This provision; has been objected to as vague arid confusing, and as leav ing to the commission too wide discre tion. It falls to define the term "un fair competition," and the point is made that what one man might hon estly regard as fair another might consider unfair. nIOw, it isasked, can a corporation know in advance what interpretation will be platefd upon this' proviston by the commission, or by the courts if appeal is taken from the de cisions of the commission? Competition Driven Out. The public has sden coimpetitioni strangled over and over again by the familiar old method of cutting rates or prices in competitive territory' while they are held up in noncom petitive fields, and when the trouble some rival was driven to thi wall, of prices shooting up again to the old range or even higher levels. Repeatedly in early days on the Co lumbia the old Oregon Steam Naviga tion company and its successor, the, O. R. & N. ran off the river with: this bludgeon independent lines of steamers called into service by public outcry againet the high rates and autocratic bearing of the monojpoly.' The new line would begin with a mnod erate reduction in charges, made im perative for it to justify its appear ance. The old line would promptl cut under the cut rates, and thus the war would wage furiously until, in some instances, the two lines would be carrying passengers free. In the end the public invariably "fell" for the superior resources of the monopoly. Sometimes a consciousness of public welfare led many patrons to give their business to the new com pany, but in the end that faded away and the men who put their' money into the venture cursed the public as fickle, treacherous and short sighted. The Stanidafd Oil company and a ntumber of ' independent competitors are at war at present. The flercest competition is reported in Hudson CHARGE OF IHIRY 'AS AIIOUSEI tNG.AND London, Jtly 256.-The teresy case of some months ago, known as the "Kikuyu controversy," is to be revived at te,.meeting here of the central eonsultive body of the Anglican church. It was to this body that the Archkbishop of Canterbury referred the charges brought by the bishop of Zan zibar against the missionary bishops of Uganda and Mombasa, Africa, for adnitnistering communion to noncon foAnists. 'the controversy is largely one of chrch discipline, but involves the se rious questidn of high and low church. The low churchmen defend the African bishops in holding service with and giving communhion to metmbers of thb Presbyterian, Methoeiet and other non conformist sects, since they look for ward to amalgamating with these bodies. But the high ,church party says that such communion is impos Mble beoMuse df differences in uuc trine'and therefore stands in the way -! a'oinion of the Church of .Dndiahd with the Greek and Roman Catholics in a single Christian church. The consultile body will place its findings with the archbishop, as prl mate of England, who will pronounce jtfffllult later., Burns, visited the capitol a few days ago and itrged on the committee their desire that a special meeting be called at once to consider the suffrage reso lution. The women were met by the repub lican and progressive members of the committee who declared they ,were in favor ,f reporting the suffrage bill favorably. 'l.~ tdemocratic members, tcouhty, 24. J., .*here gasoline can be b6dbht-va 14* 9 cents a gallon, and in parts o! 'teias where it is being sold in some instances to dealers as low as 8 cents. In Missouri it is sold as low as 11 cents. In California some dealers are giv ing away a quart of lubridating oil with five gallons of gasoline, bringing the price below 10 cents a gallon, as agalnist the Standard Oil price of 12% cents. Oi'rintrily this product sells throtghibt the tJTited States at "par. ity'"--thkt iii, the price in each com munity approximates a certain stand ard, plus the cost of getting the.cr:de oil to the factory, the cost of refin hng and the dost of transporting the refined product to the consumer. But Jn the pendhng war parity has been GERMANY IS WROTH AGAINST THE ARMY Berlin, July 25.-War Minister von Falkenhayn, whose tactless speech in the reichstag on the occasion of the Zabern Interpellation undoubtedly con tributed greatly to the strength of the vote of censure against the gov ernment, is genearally clynsidered to have made another exhibition of bad political strategy by causing an action to be brought against Rosa Luxem burg for insulting the German army. Even the loyalist press is criticising -him severely, and the unexpected ad journment of the process for an in definite time, against the strong pro tests of the defense, appears, when taken in connection with certain other aspects of the case, to indicate that the war minister has realized he has exposed the most vulnerable point of the. institution Which he had intended to protect. Frau Luxemburg, who is one of the leaders of the extreme radical wing of the socialist party, said recently in a speech in Freiburg against the mis handling of soldiers by officers and non-commissioned officers: "Day in, day out, there are enacted in the German barracks dramas of which only a small part becomes known to the public." General von Falkenhayn saw in this statement a slander of the army, and he promptly made information to the state attorney, with the result that a prosecution was begun. Vorwaerts, the centrbtl socialist organ, thereupon published ýn appeal to its readers for witneeses to acts of. brdtality against private adldiers. The stlc~cess jof this appeal fi s evident On the first day of the trial, when attorneys for the defense submitted a list of 920 men who were willing to testify to mal treatment of themselves or other sol diers in their presence. General von Falkenhayn protested that this testi mony was irrelevant, except in so far as it covered cases having a fatal out come, either through mnishandling or through stllcide to escape further mul treatmeht-the latter a thing that re ,peatedly bcourred. Anything else, said thie war minister, could not be considered a "drama." Against this construction the de fense protested, and the court without definitely deciding the point, prepared to continue the process. The prosecu tion then demanded a list of the de fense's witnesses with specifieations of the acts to which they *Wwe pre pared to testify. The defense sub ntftted such a list, and 'an adjourn ment for three days was granted to enable the state's attorneys to investi gate the cases. When court recon vened, the prosecution, at the instance of the War minitster, demanded an in defiitite adjournment. A letter from GOeeral von Falkenhayh was sub mitted, in which he declared that the defense's list had been submitted to the military courts for action in the cases specified. He was unwilling to proceed with the Luxemburg case until courts-martial should have determined the truth or falsity of the allegations upon which the defense bases its case. Attorneys for Frau Luxemburg ob jected to an adjournment. Since the last session their witness list had in frbaged 'to 1,012, and the thdicationb Wete that It would conttiue to Vlotw, To wait the action of courts-martial in all these cases meant an indefinite delay. Moreover, one of the chief is sues in the case was the leniency with WHIEh ' inltllftW cobtats 'h i4iid 'biritalI hokever, were not to be seen. They tre known to be hostile to equal suf frage legislation. 'ihe delegation included Mrs. Charles *ell, wife of the Callforn)tt congress.t.n; Mis Ellis Logan, presi :dent of the Disirict ]Federaldon of Women's clubs, and Mrs. George ,Odell, who was grand marshal of the march on the capitol May 9. wiped out in many competitive dis tridts. In New York city, for example, gasoline was selling up to last Wee. as high as 25 cents a gallon, and in some garages is now selling at 23 bents, while a short distance away in Neiv Jersey cutting has lowered the price to 9 cents. It is admitted that the biggest reductions in prices are recorded where most competition is of fered. .lventy years ago almost no one Would have proposed legislation for bride wars of this description. The Conbuming public would have expleri enced a feeling of glee and joyfully Seized the comparatively trifling re lief- afforded it by the btief petio8 of low prices. Progress is seen in the altered tone of ptblic sentiment. The people have had driven into their con sciousness the fact that excessively low prices, when made to "clean up" weak rivals and clear the field for long periods of complete control of the matket, are to be regarded as an evil and not a blessing. Hence the de mand for laws that will deal with both ends of the market thermometer. officers, and they objected to having the present case made dependent on the outcomlle of prosecutions to which the defendant was not a liarty and in which the defense had no confidence. The court rebuked this statement as "unpermlissible criticism of the wtr minister," and granted the adjourn ment asked for. Ilowever the case may finally ter linate-assuming that it is ever real ly brought to trial-it cannot help di recting attention to the undeniably great number of excesses anginst pri vate soldiers on the part of their supe riors, and this number, although it has been somewhat reduced in the last few years, is still shamefully high. The press, in objecting to Gteneral von Falkenhayn's proposed washing of dirty linen before an international public, cites a case of alleged misuse of a soldier, ending in his death, which thas just transpired as the result of an anonymous letter to the parents of the dead soldier. A musketeer of aL Dantsic infantry regiment, who died two weeks ago, is now declared to have been fatally injured by his sergeant major during barrack drill. An in vestigation is under way and the ser geant-major and captain of the comn pany have been suspended. ANTI-GERMAN NOTE SOUNDS STRONG ON BORDER Berlin, July 25.-The "sharper wind" predicted for Alsace-L-orraine as a result of the change in vice roys has already begun to blow. One of the first indications was the recent order forbidding army recruits from the relchsland to be mustered into regiments of their home provinces. Another is the following paragraph from the "Official correspondence" of Strassburg, the organ of the govern ment. 'it has recently been observed that, especially upon tile return of excur sionists from over the French border, flags and badges of all varieties in the French colors are Worn in a con spicuous manner. It is therefore ad visable to diredt attention to' the fact that, under article six of the decree of August 11, 1848, and under numer ous decisions of the courts, the pttb lic exposing of these colors consti tutes a punishable offense, subjecting one to imprisonment and considerable fines," Repeated incidents In the conquered plovinces show how widespread the anti-German feeling is among differ ent classes. The most recent incL dent is reported from Saarburg, where the pastor of the state church refused to have the church bells rung In honor of a visit of the viceroy, Dr. von Da1lwitz. The mayor intervened, call ing attention to an otdinante requir ing the bells to be rung on such oc casions. The pastor still refused. The maydr then summoned gendarmes, who demanded the key of the belfry and rang the bell. themselves. DR., KOPP OF ,BERLIN POLICE DE. tLAI*EL:THERE IS NO FOR OrBLE DtTENTION. Berlin, July 25.-There is no such thing as white slavery, in the sense in which the term is usually em ployed, according to Dr. Kopp of the ierlin police department who ap pea.ed as an expert Wvitness in the prosecution of Samuel Lubelski, Charged with decoying girls over the Russian border and sending them to resorts in South American and other Cities. Dr. Kopp said: "There is a widely held impression in the public that innocent girls, by force or trickery, are placed in houses of ill repute and held there against their will. As a matter of fact, a case of that nature has never occurred. Even the various associations organ ized to prevent white slavery have up to this time never been able to point to a single case of this kind." Dr. Kopp declared that the testi iony against Lubelski mst be weighed in the light of the general public's erroneous conceptions, which had ufrliestionahly influenced the witnesses against the defendant. There were. indeed, agents who se cured modest comlilssions by phlaing women of ill repute in resorts, but this Wras the sole folndatlion for the dolu i.bn concerning the existence of a white slave trade. Nearly a year ago another promi nent criminal atthority of (;rmnlany declared that not one case o1f lth fir cible detention of an unwilling girl in a brothel had ever been established in Germany. There was at chorus of protest at the statement, led by the organizations engaged In fightilg the alleged evil. The expert ansttiveritl Iby inviting them to submit, proof of a case of the kind. They have not yet done so. BRUSSELS' NEW PORT OPENED WITH POMP Brussels,. July 25.---.Iday marked the beginning; (i II series if l'l:ii orate fetes and pttngtnts in honor of the opening of the new ll. lllrt l m riiir o ar illii miil of Btrussels. Thei iceleiirl tnl is to eint a perioid oif four daysi and will includel a ni is, otr i ri nitrtive fiteal ires. Amnohg the sllpecial guests of lit(- of.i ston are the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs of 1ondotln ani similar offlilals reprle senting many of the ilprominent itlies oin thie conllnn. Dangers of Cholera Morbus. In inllmost ev'ry neighrll thnol o sotr onel hals lied fro 111 n ii atlil of i'hol - era imorbus before ii ,diti'o coull lhe pIrtocurtd or 1a phys]l(i ain llunlintointl .. Every faiiily shuinh ll i. rltared I'r sucl aln emerlgency. itrs. 1. M 1. n\V der. Ilerkinter. N. 'Y., s. as: "Ausiltl four y.rs ago niy h'sh;li di hld iii attack iof cholerat Ioturht s. I ave lhilin C.ham itnirlin's I'lile, 'h l.r, an Diarrhoe ltumedly and it relieved the pain inmillutiiely, anld tio or it. ri doeses of It effec'ted al ''are." . or sal. by all dealers.-Aiv. It is estnimated tha:t I1;0.00 horsepi'w 'er can be develolipd iirmn the St. Lawrence river. MISSOURIANS TO HONOR TWAIN'S MEMORY '7i MARK TWAIN STATUE AT HANNIBAL, M. The memory of Samuel Langhorne Clemons, or Mark Twain aS hoe was better known, will be honored this f all by a group of his ed 'ob,,n*l-,. misated by thd later generation of Hanni bal, Mo.. when the abprpov..bg will be dedicated. Clemons was a n ative of this taw,. .. ..., i i PIE STATISTICS SHOW: NO DANGER OF TEUTONIC RACE 8UIGIE WHATEVER. ITlerlin, July 25.--Fears that the time is rapidly approaching when tile pop rtation of (ermnny, like that of France, will biecome stationary or even go back, have been dissipated for the present by an ~stilate in the latest year book of the imperial Ger mali statistical office, piuttting the pop ulatlton of the enstire at the end of the first half of 1914 at 67,812,000. This compares with 86,981,000 in the previ 00s y'ea' and showS an incrense practi cally the sarmen size as was recorded from 1912 to 1913, and exceeding the gain from 1911 to 1912 by 44,000. ('olmparisomns with the growth of the polulaltion iln icralnce give striking fig ures. In 1872, following the Franco Gitermalni war, France had n. popultioton of ab-l.t 3:,000,000, only 5,000,000 less than (Germany. In 1911 she haid less than 40,000,000 and thle nunimer has tdeclined since then. Thus her in ('IOtisei in 42 years Ilhas ieen less thafml :i,0 iit0.000i. :gtinist an increase for (.er l yi if 26(,000,000. 'ith, tritmendonus increase of Russia sav:l\es the triple entente from being ovtrwhelmed by numbers by the triple allinnce. Germnlry alone las three fourths as many inhnbitants uts (re:lat Britain and France together, and Als tria and Italy ilddl roindlly 80,000,000 to this numiher. T'he great Ipopulatiton of Russia. however, brings the total strength of the trllle entente to 253, 000.000, aiilnist 152,000,000 for the triple alliance. FUTURE BATTLESHIP DOWN UNDER WATER I.ollo n. ,l ly ll' b. ''hI di' 'cussin on . ih t r l 't' ii i iV' il I" O1 a i'l ld ll it0 11', a ld tinti l b e -, ra i:.lr d IrVrt hi wit'a 'y or ' i tari IrllsV tnlltltll w 't I t g i i to the 'inltcn, S till conl inl aiti. 'T!ii o i:lt t i(f nlii'l tic l to nIs It't . t iyll, inry I . \\:llk r, it In:IV: ll e i n'or' f cI'Iokn-Ih't'tlr't n i'lor'e Pr.psies, whto r Ill'lit'. tha wIhi lst , I I',r y .teult may h,' 'rfl 'tli N I'Ii'tin. y itn his i'i(' I' st I h'o iti\i-rli~ fi'tll~ l'l'ta I. wisuti I .iihtrtc hitIi I Ut'il ill li w ol\ ll''l D ii nil Shilp Dill0 lI:-o I. ' Igih ,t l l. Maty il I,.11 oIt le p.thh, he assli:'lt, ilitt ilthe \w.r..hil olf lhl, f tlurii will ei l ,rely it c ti ih wiiti r'l \Iet ntot goil, i '-o iltlii 14 th's'lit 1ir mlrt ls 'in. tli t , au \\111 le +.llhnltorf4.l whollil.er thiligtr I'roceedluilit .11r. WVilke~r dtu.1lu'es ihalt I weli ! ll a ar il llll tll at i f\t~ 1 hl ilfl'i'l l'Il lil t"1o a' submlt!'rged'I hniileh' lilp, bilt he poiilll. ouit tha! it w is ailsoi a foir t'l v fronllt tiho Irl.-slbml i nelill day.s to Ill, Sllmt ribi l ei. lh ill tolday. Thie ;idllill'l ofl niaval eni neeil('rilng, h, 110 .%says hll.. b!eeI vlqy lrallih lthi ldd ih riniic4 thl. pi-,, 30 y'ours. anld lith gretl'iul i nll.4 iinl'll firmis arle bettelr ., ltuililld Itldiy foir .olviin'ig. the0 pri'ob h,'iilN Ihat; Wi s ei>i lhlili li l ahly tlly ll. dy' ofl Illl t,\'.r WPIl' ill the 10illh ry ni tihe warhl. Mr. WValkler fiirthtr exlpie.sses the . iniol flhilt if lily tif the laiige enl.. - lin Tthig i n rlity tcliosell Il allaelk tie probleiml if plrov~inll ieyls "illi i,:irs ft i" ..Ubltr'hlne it will not lie long |he fo etlll hoe ui. bllll ml~ls Ilml aivol\ tl.