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HERE YOU HAVE BROADSIDES PRO ANDCON THE NI HAMIL 1,
1HA ILTON AND CRAtGHEAD DISC.U CgONLDLTIdN. I9Y PRESIDENT CRAIGHEAD President Craighead of the state uni versity has issued the following reply to three anti-consolidation educators. In the main, reply aimed at President Bryan. of Washington, who, having proposed to come to Montana to stump the state against consolidation, was challenged by President Craighead to a joint debate. Bryan declined. The anti-consolidationists are giv ing wide publicity to letters written by three educators, not residents of tie state, who attack consolidation. The first letter was written by Dr. James Reid, former president of the Montana Agricultural and Mechanical college. It has not been my good fortune to meet Dr. Reid, but I have been frequently told that he is a most admirable man, and that he has hundreds of friends in Montana. With all due respect, how ever, to Dr. Reid, I may venture to say that he could hardly be called an educational expert of first rank. To him belongs the unique distinction of having been for 10 years president of an agricultural college and of turning out during all these years only one alumnus who chose farming as a pro fession. Think of a theological sem inary, enrolling hundreds of students, after an existence of 10 years, sending out only one preacher! Reply to President Stone. The second statement upon which the anti-consolidationists rely, is that made by Dr. Stone, president of Pur due university of Indiana. President. Stone has the distinction of presiding over an instituton, once an agreul tural college, now a university in name if not in fact. lie probably believes that the Indiana policy of supporting two universities is a good one. 'Tlhere are thousands of people in Indiana who do nnt agree with him, ant I venture to predict that Indiana will never be satisfied until she has one great consolidated university, and only one. President Stone has built up a large and flouirshing institution, and Indiana has another flourishing uni versity at Bloomington. But both of these institutions combined make a sorry showing when compared with the great consolidated University of Cali fornia. About a year ago I met a great and distinguished citizen of Indiana (the state has no greater man) who, made, as nearly as I can recall it, the following statement: "It would be a good thing for education in Indiana if the torch could be set to all the build ings at Bloomington and at Lafayette, if, in consequence of this destruction, Indiana would decide to lay the foun dation of one consolidate university." I neither approve nor disapprove of this statement, but merely give it as a fact. Reply to President Bryan. Third, Dr. E. A. Bryan, the distin guished president of the Washington Theodore Lent. + LN4DEPENDENT CANDIDATE FOR DISTRICT JUDGE Missoula, Ravalli, Sanders and Mineral Counties There are no party candidates for District Judge at this election. The Legislatire since last election provid ed for a third judge in the 4th Judi t:a ,It. One Judge will be elected to fill the unexpired term in this new nosition. -Adv. ice -r State college at Pullman. I have the honor to know Dr. Bryan and I re spect him, both because of his high character and of his splendid achieve ments. Dr. BIryan, however, is also at tempting to turn the agricultural col lege at Pullman into a real university. From his letter attacking consolida tion, I point to the sentence: "The dnay is likely to come, and that In the not distant future, when in many ,states there will be more thanon lurit versity conducted at the state', ex pense." WVe thank Dr. TBryan for his frank ness. Not so frank are the presidents of many of our agricuulural colleges who cherish the same ambition. In deed, it may abe truly said that to a greater or less degree the supporters of nearly all our agricultural colleges are hoping to see these institutions turned into universities in fact if not in name. In most of the states where the policy of segregation prevails, we have the spleetale of Iwo schools each struggling Ito become a university, and eanch strut'glilg, is v(-cry university should, to push i t its domnain. ]n some states, lik Miethican, the univer sity overshatdocws I:t' acricultural col le.e. In othar stalta, lile Mississiplpi and South Carolitna, the agriculltural college lhas 0 r studentst. tlarger in conme and hetter etluilupmnct than ttie university. Iin owa are two strong in stitutions, the agricultural college and the university, ncithcr apparently star!.' to surpass thie a other. iit ill ach and all of these states, the edlucational work is tlt-t.,ttn into tturmtuil bectuse of the hitter ficht alwatys going on, open ]y or secPrelyt, l,cta,,-ln the tw, strug glitng it stiltii,,ns. It's as ht l as :a lneVer-utlding f:tmily feud. It is the .inovitagle out oe- of a tperniciols sys StenI. T'he presi' Ints and professors of I Sthse institutions are not Imea!:n ant ,ltuarretlsome tiitn, Ias the onlookler might suslpect, hut they are at war wilth eaclh otiler because of an unwise etducational policy. A univer sity that deos not se-k to expatn:1, to t .:lnort. tnew fields. to cs':itlist 's;chooltO-; antd courses to meet the increasinlg del trnands of llthe peopleu, is alo.-ii dit ti dc cay. If the one institution -.treats, t!e other lpulshes foci:'r. and dOll]tminaltc. If both push fowatIrd, conflict is in evitablet. t(eetro-. a riiV,.r;, Sttit as is nearly Ialways f:ulnt 1 ietwieon thIe sttate Initversittis in adljoining states, as in Visconsil and ill [innallltl , becomes cr.e than a fuainlv fight whenl tWO state lniversities ,. a snglh' srtate struggle for the ascendi:-tcv. 'lThe fight that for years at.; httt oint on to a; garcat ('0r It -o ti-crc--- ieti\t-," ecr schtols ait f1o::-ntts ;,nl :at MIissoullh, hats Ibeent kept alive ni.t b'r;Itluse the faculties of theset institutions (are had menc, but becattuste of the state's edtlu cation;,l system--a. systerl that was thrust upon us by politicians, and against the advice of the State Teach ers' association and of great educators like Andrew D. White and President Eliot. It has perhaps grown Chore in tense in recent years, but it will grow still more intense as the years go by, unless either the one institution or the other becomes too weak to fight, If the college at Bozeman could become strictly an agricultural college, and the school of mines could remain what It has always been-a strictly mining school; and the university a real uni versity, minus a college of agriculture and a college of mining, this conflict could be eliminated. In two or three states, such as Utah and llassachu setts, such a policy seems to have been inaugurated. Nevertheless, I must maintain that while such a system may work well, the plan of having one consolidated university is far more economical and far more efficient. President Bryan's college at Pull man is doubtless a. successful institu tion of learning, but as an agricultural college it seems to have been in the main a failure. Indeed, it seems to have last sight of the real purpose for which it was founded. The agricul tural colleges established by congress nust have as their "leading purpose the teaching of such branches of learning aIs are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts." IUnquestionably, it was intenlded stht their main purpose was to send out practical, intelligent, scientific farmers, and to enlarge and extend the scielnce of agriculture and allied eubjec(t. This purpose has failed of fulfillment in every state where the iepalrate agricultural college has oughtll to rival the state university, and hlb. Washington State college is a str ilcing exalnl)e of what I mean. Ac nording to the 1913 catalog of this in stitutlion, 801 degrees have been grant ed. cOf these alumni, only 37 became farmers-only one farmer out of every 22 graduates. During one period of three years not one alumnus became a farmer. President Bryan's college al most breaks the record of our own elate college. An examination of the 1912 catalog of the Montana State col lege shows that out of all the alumni cf that institution only three persons had become real farmers. What vast sums has not the state of Washington spent in the creation of her 37 scien tific farmers sent out by that college? I have not figured up the cost, but it must amountn to many millions of dol lars. More precious and more costly than the nightingales' tongues secured for Nero's feasts are Washington's scientific farmners College a Failure. It is far from me to intimate that the Washington Slate college has not done a great work. NNor must it be in ferred that I do not think well of tile work done at iBozeimanm by my esteemed friend President IHamilton and his col BOTH IDES The Alissdalian here gives both sides of the con solidation issue at length, by men well qualified 4o6 speak. Read both articles. leagues. But I muet insist that the real purpose for which these schools were established, as declared in the acts of congress fot pding them,, has not been fulfilled. ' What would one think of a law scho1i or of a medical school or of an engineering school that had graduated 8 1l students but could point to only 37 lawyers' or 37 doctors or 37 engineers? It is only as departments of great consolidated universitris that the ag ricultural college has fulfilled its real mission. And the reason is not hard to find. In the consolidated universities the money appropriated by congress for the agricultural college is general ly used wholly for the development of agriculture and the training of farmers and agricultural workers. In the sep arate agricultural college, the money is generally used for the purpose of ex panding the institution into a univer sity. One has only to compare with the meagre results secured in the sep arate agricultural colleges the splendid achievements of the great agricultural colleges in our big; consolidated uni versities.. 4 Secretary of Agriculture. The secretary of agriculture in a letter written to me September 23, 1914, gives the following facts and fig ures gathered by that eminent agri culturist Dr. A. C. True, director of tihe United States exleriment station at Washington. I quote the following: "It has been found that not one in 1t0 of the men who have attended the college of agriculture of the lUniversity of Illinois has gotten far away from an agricultural pursuit. Of 506 former students who replied to inquiries about their present occupations, in 1913, 502 are either farming, teaching or follow ing some other work associated with agriculture. The farmers number 349, or 69 per cent." Illinois has a con solidated university. Minnesota. Concerning the college of agriculture of the University of Minnesota, the director of the UJnited States experi ment station says: "Seventy-two per c6cnt of all the farm school students of agriculture of tne college of agriculturea of the Univer sity of Minnesota have gone back to the farms. The figure is increased to 80 per cent, or four-fifths of all, if we add to those who go back to the farm those who take up agricultural courses in the college or ine some other way identify themselves with agriculture. It should be remembered that these figures include not only the students who came from the farms, but many girls as well as boys who came from the adjacent twin cities. If we exclude them, we should find that almost 100 per cent of the farm boys who come to the farm school return to the farm." IMinnesota has a consolidated uni versity. E. 1,. CRAIGIIEAD. Hear Senator Henry L. Myers to night at Missoula opera house.-Adv. FrR CONSOtiA1M THE IRADOES AM` L}R STANDS SOLIDLY The Missoula 'Trades and Labor ;council has indorsed in strong terms initiative measure No. 9, providing for the consolidation of the state's insti jtutions of higher learning. The reso lution was passed at a recent meeting and is now bleing geirculated through out the state for the pefusal .of work ingmen. 'The letter of the Trades and Labor council follows: "To the Labor Oreanizations of Meon Ina-The following resolution was 'optid ty the 'trades and Labor 'roll of Missoula county at a meet e ,' a council held on the 22nd :. ~zQ.'ober, 1914: .,Q .i, we believe that the great a~,: .i ontana should have a state .7 ai'% ''hich will be the equal of e. ' Q.' clties of our sister states; Se.:.-, cns, we believe that the meth .. of consolidation proposed in initi .:..e measure No. 9, providing for, the consolidation at one place of the state institutions of higher learning, with the exception of the normal school, is ,one which will appeal to all fair minded, unselfish and right-thinking ,people, and will be attended by the least possible strife. Therefored "Be it resolved by the members or the Trades and Labor council of the .county of Missoula. first, that we favor the passage of initiative measure No. 9 and pledge our support thereto; sec ond, that copies of this resolution I, sent to every trades and labor council and to every subordinate labor or ganization in the state of Montana. "Respectfully submitted, "ROY A, LISTON, Secretary." iY PRESIDMT HAMILTON Bozeman, Oct. 24. i Editor, Missoulian: Wide publicity has been given to c staterments that praCtically all ediica- c tors are favorable to copsaUlidationof < Montana's state institutions and that among those who favored it is Presi- i dent J. L. Hamilton .of the Montana t State college. Mr. Hamilton has been. very reluctant to be dragged Into ai political fight, but under the persist eet --misreprestntatiotn -has at--last at 4 his 'own suggestion provided us 'the t following: ANTI-CONSOLIDATION "COMMI-T TEE. . 0 Bozeman, Mont., Oct.. 23, 1914. In an interview with- President J. I. Hamilton of the Montana State college here, he has met the repeated misrepresentations of his position re garding the consolidation of the state institutions and has made clear how ridiculous is the position of those who argue in favor of initiative measure No. 9. ,President Hamilton said: "I wish to state my position in regard to the pending consolidation bill. I am op posed to it. I believe that any meas ure for the consolidation of the state institutions of higher learning pre sented to the legislature or the peo ple for consideration ought to be in the best possible form so that in case of adoption there may he the least possille sacrifice and injustice. For this reason I have had some part in amending consolidation pro posals which I thought particu larly bad. At the Missoula meet ing of the State Teachers'. t~so elation in 1912, I was chairpiAep in the resolution commit e' and'-used- influence to prevent the commit'0 g from including in its report a reso lution for a consolidated university, without proposing some method for financing it. This consolidation reso lution was but one of a number re ported by the committee, most of them I approved. I was opposed to consel idation at that time as I am no`\': . "The state superintendent asked me to criticize the first draft of the bill proposed for initiation this year and while opposed to consolidation, I be lieved that this measure should go to the people in the least objectionable form. I criticized the clause if the original bill which provided for a vote by the people in 1916 on the location of the university. I was appalled at the prospect of these Institutions go ing thFough a two-year campaign and the citizens of Bozeman and Missoula having to undergo the enormous ex penses of such a campaign. I sug gested a commission of Montana citi zens appointed by the governor. The state superintendent knew then that I was opposed to consolidation. "While I am opposed to the bon solidation of' the state institutions' 1 am particularly opposed to the blT' p he voted upon at the next election. I have not taken an active part in the campaign for the reason that I do not believe that anyone drawing a salary from the state and assigned to work requiring all of his time and energy should take part in such a movement. I cannot perform my duties aspres.. dent of this college and condoet a campaign at the same time. Trvould resign and lhave my name stricken from the payroll of the state before I would enter upon any such business. I am making this statement now be cause my silence has been misunder stood and misinterpreted. I shall not go into any detailed argument against the consolidation bill now hbefore the people. I consider that the letters of Governor Stewart and President ]Bry an are unanswerable and that they cover the ground completely. I would advise all interested to give them a careful reading. "I summarize a few points which have lead me to oppose the consolida tion measure. "This bill makes no provision for financing the proposed greater uni versity. The institutions have no more buildings than they absolutely need to carry on the work. If the buildings at two of these institutions are abandoned it ought to be self evidcent, to anyone but aL mICere dreamer that a half million of dollars more will be recuired to replace them. It ought to be'equnally self-evident that the legislature at its next session will not have the funds available to these buildings. Owing to extraordinay ex Denses, the state will have less funds for such purposes than usual. The pIeople of Montana should make up their minds to one of two things if consolidation carries. Either they must float a bond issue or they must have a university for many years that will not have buildings at all adequate to do the work. It seems to ine that under the circumstances the sensible and businesslike thing to do is to keep and use the buildings and facili ties we have already accumulated. Two years ago those having the con solidation measure in charge believed that it would be necessary to issue a million dollars of bonds to create the so-called greater consolidated uni versity and the Whiteside bill in the Thirteenth legislative assembly so provided. It will certainly not take any less now. The taxpayers of Moh tani ought to know that the adoption of this consolidation bill at the coming election means a bond issue. • "The consolidated university will :ost the. ptate just as much for main tellace am the present segregated in stftutlons will cost. A lifthe com parison between Montana and Idaho does sf.t prtve anything: I have carefully tstdied th ,s~tatfstics of cost of main inkng tax spported schools published by the United gtates com mnissioner of education. To illustrate, using the figures from his last an nual report:, : take three pairs of states, Nebrlk.t iad Kansas,,. Minne sota and. Iowa, Wisconsin and Michi gan.a. These states are. very similar, in wealth and population. In-each pair, tho first state has a corisolidated uni versity and the other,.segregated in stitutions. By dlvi.itig the amount under 'total. worling income' by the number of students enrolled excluding duplicates, I got the following as the cost per student in each of the states: Nebraska, $325; iCansas, $305; Minne sota, $460; Iowa, $425; Wisconsin, $485, and Michigan, $350, In each case the state with the consolidated university is expending mao'reper.stu dent than the one with the'segregated institutions. ' No one will clatim thle Nebraska, Minnesota and Wcongsin have better facilifies for higher edu cation than Kansas, Iowa and Michl gan. "The policy of one consolidated uni versity has not been adopted in a majority of the states antit is almost unknown in Eurpel. :Germany. is unti versally acknowledged . toe: have thel best system of education in the wi.ld. In Germany the technical,.. eotlege made up of agriculture, engineei~ing and like applied sciences, is a separate institution. I visited several of them two years 'ago, and know whereof I speak. The German university, in eludes the -liberal arts .college, to gether with the professional schools of law, medicine, etc. ThPe same is true in Franbe; England, Switzerland, Belgium and .Holland. "In my judgment, the Leighton law, enacted by- the last legislative assem bly, contains, the true solution and, best policy for Montana to follow. In accordance with this law all unneces sary duplication has been eliminated by the state board of education. The Indiana plan was adopted by the board. This plan has been in suc cessful operation in Indiana for sev eral years. It has received. the un qualified indorsement of the trustees of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. In the. fifth annual report of this board, page 23, they say: 'Indiana 'and Pur due, taken together, constitute the culmination of an educational system of Indiana and form in effect a single strong university. Liberal arts, edu cation, law, and medicine are taught at Indiana university. Applied science, engineering, agriculture and phar macy are taught at Purdue.' So well does the Carnegie trustees think of this arrangement that they have placed both of these institutions on the list whose faculties are eligible to receive retiring allowances. This same board in its last annual report says: The simplest form of state unification of higher education is pre sented by a simple working agrccient between institutions. Indiana illus trates this in the best form.' "The argument about small classes has no facts to support it. The con solidated universities in the new states of the west have Just as large. a percentage of small classes as the segregated instituions of Montana. The small classes ,are not in English, mathematics, chemistry and those other subjects where there is more or less duplication. At Bozeman many of the classes in these subjects are al ready so large that. they have to be divided. If the students in English, mathematics and chemistry now at Missoula were transferred to Boze Low Excursion Fares TO THE EAST FROM STATIONS IN MONTANA VIA THE MILWAU EE NOVEMBER 21 and 23; DECEMBL 19 and 22, 1914 ATCCHISON, KAN. KANSAS CITY, MO. ROCK ISLAND, ILL, CEDAR RAPIDS, IA. LEAVENWORTH,KAN ST. JOSEPH, MO. CHICAGO, ILL. MARSHALLTOWN, IA. ST. LOUIS, MO. COUNCIL BLUFFS, IA.MEMPHIS, TENN. ST. PAUL ~ fl. DAVENPORT, IA. MILWAUKEE, WVIS. SIOUX I1YrIA. DES MOINES, IA. MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. SPRiNGQVfL.. ILL. DUBUQIUE, IA. OMAHA, NEB. SUPERIOR, WIS. DULUTH, MINN. PEORIA, ILL. WATERLOO, IA. FORT DODGE, IA. Final Return Limit, March 1,-.1915 . Libeiral Stopovers Allowed Both on Going and Return Journey Two Fast Through All-Steel Trains Daily' Visit the Old Home And your friends back east For Rates and Full In formation apply to H. H. TAVENNER City Ticket Agent SMissoula CHlCAGO ' MILWAUKEE & ST. SPAUL RAILWAY .i. man, the teaeliere t 5ibeat t woult have to be transferred with..tina ant classrooms' and labor to a corrniodate them Wvots..d t o go, added. There would j6bg prove that there ire: =ust as .iar.. proportion of small classes i~ tre cof solidacted university in a 1ew'-state Sb in a segregated .college,. .,I give yo' the figures for th'e of Idahb and the State Colleg"r of$.. - ontan . Both- are for the second seeiseter df 1913-14. The figures from Idaho db niot Inc~ude depaftilenft nt mrialt tained at Bozeman so that this conm parison is a fair one. Such subjec i9 as forestry and law ero d~intted fdr the reason that they ate not taughtfain the Montana State college: Idaho. Montana. Number classes with one stildent ............... 8 5 Number classes with two students .............. 18 13 Number chases with thee students ...........18 23 Number classes with four students ........ 22 . 16 Number classes with.. five students ......... 1 10 Number classes with six students ............... 12 6 Nuqmber claspss with sevenx students ..... ...::. 12 9 Nunsther eolses with i eght. students ......... 8 12 Number, classes with \ ;.niise:students .......:..:.: 6 6 Number classes with ten students ............. 7 Total claSses with 10 students ,or leas......125 -107 ':The numbsr of-siall- classes d - pendod.entirely upoS the, -pol.ey of the faculty in allowing gsctiatlsedf work. The, large u.igv9rsitle.,8* e a great percentage of small Classes' and they advertise it asi an ealdfl..ee of higl grade, work, Iti is a.ft5d that there should be about-. l'0.studehi: for eadh moetaber of the aaculti. John Flopkins universty ,ikeeps. her anttndance to tlmes.than five:or each inernber of the faculty. At Bosenzma last year the numbeg of .students wtas a fraction over 10 to the instructor. The fact is the sasall, elasses occur in engineer ing, agriculture,. forestry, pharmacy ans,apther subjects not duplicated aid consolidation will not affect a change." COMBING WON'1TRID HAIR OF DANDRUFF The Easiest and Best Way Is to Dissolve It. Thli only sure way to get rid 6f danidtuff is to dissolve it, then you destroy 'it'entirely. To do this, get about four ounces of ordinary liquid :arVon; apply it at night when retit irig; use enough f.o moisten the scalp and rub it in gently with the finger tips. Do this tonight,' and by morning most, if not all, 6f your dandruff will ;be goxie, add three or four more ap plicatio2s wilt 6oijfiletely dissolve and entirely' destroy every single sign and t g of . it, no *iatter how much dand ruff you"may have. ' 'ed 'will finid, tpo, that all itching 'anr digging of to . scalp will stop at otrli, abd (oOr hair will be fluffy, luS trouts; glossy, *lky, and soft, and look and feel a hundred times better. If you want to preesrve your hair do by all means get rid of dandruff, for nothing destroys the hair more quickly. It not only starves the hair and makes' it fall out, but it rakes it stringy, straggly, dull, dry, brittle and lifeless, and everyone notices it. You can get liquid arvon at any drug store. It is inexpensive' nd never fails to do the work.-Adv.