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In IS the Year
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Miseulian Publishing Company TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1914 Character is that central magnet ic froce of real manhood and true womanhood, born of a combination of the positive faculties and quali ties, mental, moral, physical and spiritual.-A. F. Sheldon. MORE WOE The German attitude toward Japan does not give hope that this will be the last world war. Even if deeated in this conflict, the Teutons; unless crushed to earth, will never rest until they have avenged the disastrous Asiatic campaign. Far from being the last conflict of this scope, the present war, after a brief respite-of say, a decade-may flame forth upon a more terrible scale. The commercial ascendency certain to be attained by the United States during the struggle will make us foes the world around. We see Japan and Russia, enemies not so long since, united against Germany; we may one day find all those now at war united against us. IMAGINATION STAGGERED Two weeks ago, the German casual ties for seven days were estimated at 62,000. Last week they were fixed at 57,000. For the war, they are about a half million. On these figures the total casualties, in all phases of the conflict, must lie between one and three-quarter millions and two mil lions. In other words, from four to five times the total population of Mon tana is eithea killed, wounded or miss ing. About the population of Montana must have been killed. The mind does not grasp these fig ures. THOSE ART MONUMENTS They are greatly exercised, over in France and Belgium, when a German shell turns over a turret or chips a gargoyle. The demolition of a "13th century city hall" is made a subject for wailing. At a period when tens of thousands of men are being killed or maimed daily, the scattering of a few tons of bricks and stone would, not, to the average American mind, appear so terrible a calamity, for tons of flesh and blood are also scat tered. To our simple notion, the raz ing of Notre Dame is trivial beside the death of a child by an airman's bomb. We do not possess such monuments of art, secular or religious, in America; but on the other hand, one may pass into the American church almost any where without stumbling through a horde of the blind, the halt and the lame, all begging. Having crossed the Wart, and driven the enemy from the mole of Poti, the czar has the victory, on the face of things~ Could it be that the Russian victory at Poti is the direct result of Russian abstentions from potations? That large per cent of the reform ers who want the newspapers to drive out liquor and the social evil too much resemble that celebrated coterie of mice who were looking for some vol unteer to append the bell to the cat. -Berlin thinks the Belgian king will ,pOf be w1ititi to "Let George do it." THE INDEPENDENT VOTE As the final election returns from the various states are tabulated, the part played by the independent voter be comes more evident. Minnesota, while electing a solid republican congressional delegation,. elects W. S. Hammond, her lone democratic congressman, as governor of the state. South Dakota, while returning republican congressmen, defeats Charlie Burke the standpat republican candidate s for the senate. o California re-elects Johnson, the progressive candidate for governor by a landslide majority and chooses Phelan, a democrat, to succeed Perkins the present republican sen ator. Idaho re-elects Brady, progressive republican as senator, but elects Alexander, a democrat, governor over Haines, the present republican incumbent. Wyoming returns Frank Mondell to, congress and at the same time chooses the progressive-democratic candidate for governor of that state. Massachusetts re-elects Walsh, the present democratic r governor by 25,000 plurality and fills the rest of the state house with republican officials. o In Michigan, Governor Ferris, a democrat is'elected to " succeed himself, while most of the republican state ticket is elected. In the mean time the upper peninsula, which Y formerly was the republican stronghold of the state, elects u a bull moose congressman. The city of Chicago gives Roger Sullivan 100,000 plu rality and sends Medill McCormick, the progressive leader in Illinois, back to the legislature at Springfield. Coming nearer home, Montana sends Evans and Stout back to Washington by 7,000 plurality but re-elects Judge Holloway to the supreme court by 4,000 plurality. Here in Missoula county, the voters selected men for the court house jobs, from all four of the party tickets. In our neighboring county of Ravalli, while most of the new county officials are chosen from the progressive ticket, successful candidates for county offices are also chosen from the republican and democratic tickets. The same situation prevails in Flathead, while in Mineral county, every single successful candidate for county office ran as an independent. Not a single, solitary county in Montana last week, elected "a straight county ticket," as was the custom in some counties not many years ago. All of which demonstrates the fact that individual voters are looking, more and more, to the qualification of the can didate for the office he seeks, rather than to the party label he bears. Two years from now, here in Montana, 75,000 women will f be still another factor in the game of politics. How are they going to vote? We predict, that in national politics, the married woman will very largely vote with her husband, the unmarried woman with her father and broth ers, but in local affairs look out for still further disregard of party labels. In our neighboring states of Idaho and Wyoming, where a equal suffrage has prevailed for years, the gentleman with the shady reputation has largely disappeared from the field e of local politics, in the role of a candidate. We believe the a same result will follow here in Montana. The voter who has the moral courage to vote for the in dividual best qualified to fill the local office, regardless of his political affiliation, is performing the highest duty of - citizenship. t The day of the straight ticket is past and gone in Ameri t can politics, in the states of the north and west. South of the Ohio river, they still take it straight from president to constable, but even there the leaven is at work. e TONG WAR CLOSED SUDDENLYBY BOMB CHINESE CONSPIRATOR HOIST BY HIS OWN PETARD IN BUTTE-OPIUM Butte, Nov. 9.-That a tong war was brewing in Butte's Chinatown, but that I it came suddenly to an eid in the pre mature explosion of a bottle of nitro glycerine, which yesterday morning killed Mon Tow, a celestial physician, and seriously injured Sing Sue, is the belief of Chief of Police Jere Murphy. The police will look no longer for bomb throwers, believing that the two Chinese responsible for the exist ence of the bomb were the ones caught by its explosion. Woman Released. Jessie Cum, a Chinese woman, ar rested in connection with the case, was discharged this afternoon. The police, however, will continue their investigation in the opium smug gling phase of the case, in the belief f that the accident may lead to the dis closure of a ring in Montana for the wholesale smuggling of opium, in y which Butte is thought to be the cen ter. The probe of the officers has es tablished that Dr. Tow left Omaha, Neb., several days* ago, stopping on - route at Casher, Wyo. Soon after the e celestial had left Omaha, it was founi h that he had shipped $2,000 worth of f opium from that city to Butte. Officers met Dr. Tow at the Butte ilepot and his effects were searched, but no opium found, and he was re I leased. A bottle was found. which It since has developed contained nitro glycerin, but it was not disturbed, the officers not knowing what it wa.a. Chief Murphy tonight expressed the belief that the two Chinamen were attempting to manufacture a bomb, when the nitro exploded. Wounded Man Mum. The injured Chinese refuses to talk. He probably will recover. Sue has one hole as large as a base ball in his body and a portion of a hand was blown off and his eyes fear fully burned. FIRE ON STEAMER IS UNDER CONTROL New York, Nov. 9.-The Lamport & Holt freight steamer Rembrandt, whose wireless operator reported in calls for help this afternoon that she v. as on fire 200 miles off Cape Henry, is steaming for Norfolk, Va., tonight with the fire under control. The ves sel sailed from Baltimore last Satur day for St. Nazaire, 1'rance. TRULY (Dillon Examiner) The trouble with some men who are architects of their own future is that they only build castles in the air. AND WILL FOOD, TOO? (Livingston Enterprise) The prices of agricultural lands are sure to rise during the next few years, for the percentage of profit upon their present values is becoming constantly greater. The string of beads of light some times seen for several seconds after a flash of lightning, is due to the in candescence of the air. The smallest aeroplane in the world is a French machine that weighs but 180 pounds, yet has made a speed of nearly 60 miles an hour. The inventor of an air buffer Jor. locomotives, recently patented, claims it will prevent a serious wreck in the event of a .oliionI. CLAYTON TRUST BILL 18 CALLED GREATEST TRIUMPH 'OF LAB14R ,Philadelphia, Nov. "9. (Pronouncing' the passage of the Clayton.trust bill as organized labor's great6st single ac complishment for the paet year, the executive council .f the American Fed eration of Labor bresented its annual report today to the 34th convention of the federation here. The voluminous document covers every question which has affected labor during the year, in cluding, the European war. Of the Clayton bill the council's statement says that it "contains the most fundamental, the most compre hensive enunciation of industrial free dom found in any legislative act in the history of the world," and that it was I obtained through the "organized econ omic .power" represented by the work ers of the United States. Discussing economic organization as the keynote of the federttion's thought r and effort, the council expressed pride in the report of progress transmitted "at a time when most of the civilized t countries are submerged by a worla e wide war" while in the United States "on every hand the workers are in sisting upon the maintenance of or e ganization and resistance to deteri oration of present working conditions." '"Organized labor," it adds, "has assist ed the effort to mitigate the industrial disorganization and losses entailed by 'the European war." The War. 'Before the war," it- continues, "the 1 thought and effort of civilization were e centered upon the development and glorification of human life. One life was counted of infinite value. But s, ince the cataclysm that brought war n between the nations, men are treated as only military pawns. Things are valued for their life-destroying power. S Guns are worth more than men." The war is said to be the produdt of "artificial conditions and policies and repugnant to the thought and political progress of the age; but so far we have made little progress in providing agencies for organizinz international relations to maintain peace and jus tice. The war has shown that war r cannot be stopped by resolutions and that war cannot put an end to itself. War will cease only when society is convinced that htiman life is really sacred and when society establishes agencies, international as well as na tional for protecting lives." Summing pp steps that may be taken toward the abolishment of war, the e report continues: "Militarism and competitive arma ment must be abolished and tribunals for awarding justice and agencies for f enforcing determinations must be in f stituted. International interests and issues exist. Political institutions should be established corresponding to - olitical developments. Those most interested should lead in demands for world federation andc the rule of rea son between nations. The working people of all lands bear the brunt of war. They do the fighting, pay the 1, war taxes, suffer most from the dis I. organization of industry and commerce e which results from war. mexico. Turning to the Mexican situation the report makes public a letter from President Gompers to Rafael Zubaran, "United States rpresentative, Mexican constitutionalists," dated July 14 of this year, saying the federation, more than any other American agency ex cept the government of the United States, aided the success of the "pros pective government" and urges the withdrawal of the avowed declaration of "those who speak or assume to speak in the name of General Car ranza" that "retribution of the most Draconian character" would be visited upon those responsible for the over throw of Madero. Such a withdrawal, the letter added, would have a tran quilizing effect and tend "to unite the people of Mexico in support of an or derly government." The report adds: "We extend to the people of Mexico under this new regime our felicitations and our best hopes for their welfare and progress." Mining. Lengthy presentations were made of conditions in mining fields in West Virginia, Colorado, Michigan and Mon tana, including much of the correspond ence exchanged between operators, employes and offcials of the federal and state governments. Summing up the general situation the report says: "The various different, movements of the miners for improved conilitions have been more conspicuous this past year than those of any other organiza tion. This is due to the intensity with which the struggles have been waged, amounting in e;ch instance practical ly to civil war; to the number of hu man beings to whom the struggle meant privation, suffering and losses. "Land holding conditions involved in some mining districts have enabled the operators to establish what amounts to a feudal operating system for the mines. They own Vast tracts of lands, hundreds and even thou sands of square miles in extent on which the mines ar located. The minm ing companies own and, thereiore, oon trol all roads that traverse the land. They own the houses In which the miners live; the villages made up of thwie malere; the 0hoo4o"U W to OTON BROT "RS Victrola Club . , And THave One of the Mo ,t P l !O VCfrOLa D red S e b Paying$1Membeship This s on the Price; Balance Covered VICTROLA X. by St l Wee..kly Dues' of Only $1.00O $75.00 This Is the Victrola You may have your choice of the ONL FOUR LEFT mahogany, golden oak, weathered oak or fumed oak cabinet with record racks, 41 15-16 inches high, 158 inches wide, 22 inches deep, 12-inch turn- We have only four left out of the 20 which were table. Nickle-plated Exhibtlon sound set aside for the CLUB SALE. This is your last box, Victory tapering tone arm and "goose neck" sound-box tube, brake, chance, so don't postpone. You are sure to be speed regulator and indicator. Extra heavy double spring, spiral drive motor disappointed if you delay. (can be wound while playing). All metal parts nickel plated. Club terms apply only until we have four more We Wild" Accept Your old-gtyle talking machine at its members. After that our regular trms prevail. full present cash value toward one of . .j these Victrolas. ORTON BROS. 118 E. Cedar St., Missoula, Mont. ... . .. m'. mm ° ,m-m.a . . , . which their children must go for men tal training training; the churches which min ister to their spiritual nvpds; the stores from which they buy their clothing, food and other necessities; the post offices where they get their mail, money orders and conduct their crude banking transactions. Every detail of mining life is under supervision of the mine operators through their power of ownership. In time of strike, the mine operators have the power of evic tion and have forced hundreds of strikers and their families to seek shelter in tent colonies, with the con stant dangers of exposure. There can be no real freedom under such condi tions of industrial tyranny "In addition to problems arising from federal ownership of land, the mine operators have assumed poliCe power. They employ armed mine guards to maintain their regulations and to guard mine property. In times of industrial peace, the mine guards serve as police and prevent 'unde sirable' persons from trespassing upon the land of the mining companies. The elastic term trespass has been inter preted to mean all manner of organiz ing activities. In times of industrial disputes the mine guards are in creased and more heavily armed. These conditions beget violence and indus trial disputes in many of these districts are now practically civil war. Troops. "The use of armed troops by mine operators and the power resulting from ownership of large tracts of contingu ous territory and the subversion of civil government to military rule are some of the most serious of modern in dustrial problems. We recommend and urge that the various state federations of labor endeavor to secure legislation prohibiting this brutal practice which is subversive of all industrial justice and freedom." Statistical reports show the mem bership this year to total 2,020,671 as against 1,996,004 last year. The one cent assessment fund to defray ex penses of the United Hatters and con tempt cases shows that of $15,010, the sum of $14,752 has been expended, the largest item being attorney's fees to Alton B. Parker for both gases, amounting to $9,547. Charters issued this year to various unions numbered 225. Jurisdiction Fight. In connection with the jurisdiction of the fight between the United Broth erhood of Carpenters and the Sheet Metal Workers' union over the man ufacture and erection of metal trim mings for buildings, the convention adopted the recommendation of the executive council that a committee of nine be appointed with the purpose of bringing about an agreement between the two crafts, the committee to re port not later than next Monday. Three members of the committee are to be appointed by the carpenters, three by the metal workers and three by President Gompers. As a result of the differences between the carpent-. ers and the sheet metal workers the carpenters' union withdrew from the building trades department of the fed eration last February. Wrinkles Disappear As If By Magic "In the removal of wrinkles I have discarded cosmetics entirely." writes .Mme. Corsan, the celebrated Parisian beauty expert. "The results they pro duce are deceptive and never perma nent. Massaging is only partially sub cessful and it's too slow a method. "I've never seen anything work such wonders as a simple, harmless solu tion any woman can prepare and use at home without the least trouble. A half pint of.witch hazel and an ounce of good powdered saxolite are all you'll nee". .ix the two and apply this re freshing solution to your face daily. The effect is marvelous-instantane ous. The skin becomes firmer. 'tight er'---every wrinkle and sag is affected. You feel so refreshed after using the wash; you look refreshed, too; soon you will look ten years younger." loiety World,.--.Av, On the Spur of the Moment By ROY K MOULTON. A HAPPY MAN Let them say what they may of the jay with the hay In his hair and with gallus and Jeans. Let them croak. Let them noke their weak Joke at this moke,. But he knows what true happineh~ means. He cannot turkey-trbt, but he's got quite a lot Of the dough, don't you know. That is true. You may smile at his style free from guile, but his pile Of long green, when once seen staggers you. Ile's no dude, he's no prude. He's some rude with his food. Etiquette, he ne'er met in his life; But a free man is he on the lea. plair to see, In his lot, not a jot of mad strife. Prices high, don't come nigh this old guy. You and I Often chaff. He can laugh, under stand. He is there with his share and tc spare. Not a care Mars the joy this old boy car command. UNCLE ABNER They have invented all sorts of autc horns excepting a kind that sounds soothing to the ear. Our idea of elastic currency is cur rency that will stretch from one pay day to another. What has become of the old-fash ioned gal who used to help her mothei with the dishes. Any city feller who plays poker witl a guy from a small town ought tc lose his money. Poker was invented in the back room of a country livery stable office. Wearin' silk hat ain't no more sigr that a feller is in the 400 than wearin HOW EUROPE IS PROVIDING GRISTS FOR OUR MILLS (By George H. Benedict). Here we have a sheaf of reports of new business created for us by the European war. They show -how we are made beneficiaries of the unfortunate conflict. To meet a tremendous domestic trade as result of the war, the Wols back company and the Standard Roll er Bearing company of Philadeluhia have doubled their forces, which means the employment of at least 1,500 more people, and are 'also running overtime. Among a number of large war orders received in Philadelphia to London ac count and delivery was one placed with the Roxford Knitting company for 90,000 suits of underwear. Another that has been confirmed is for 250,000 blankets, which are being made by the John & James Dobson mill. The Autocar company is com pleting one ord6r for armored ma chines for European delivery and is closing another. The Parrish Manufacturing eom pany of Reading, Pa., has, been. given an order for the frames of 350 motor trucks which the Pierce Arrow com pany Will supply to France. The Pflister & Vogel Leather com pany of Milwaukee is working night and day to fill an order for 4,000,000 pairs of shoes for the armies of the 1W4 ______~ -:-.. .-1LL a leather cap is a sign that a feller owns an oatmobile. , A feller can't get into good society row unless he's got a six-cylinder car and kin dance the tango. and then, sometimes, the society he gets into ain't none too good. SIGNS OF THE TIMES Congressman Gardner says the na tion is not prepared for war. Well, some of the European nations were prepared for it, and they got it. Mme. Pavlowa, the Russian dancer, says she is going to deliver the death blow to the tango. Those Russians are certainly a fearless lot. Confidence man in New York sent to the penitentiary and made to peel potatoes. He ought to feel at home in the skin game. Looking over the evidence in the German case, one must come to the conclusion that not all the liars are writing war news. An eastern woman has stuffed a sofa pillow with old love letters. This ought to be the softest pillow ever invented. Thirty-five French cooks captured 40 Germans. What could be more pleasant than to be held prisoner by a French cook. Vassar girls, it has been discovered, spend $17,531 annually for pleasure. What of it? Look how much Europe spends for war? In school the little fellow always get licked. It is about the same all through life. Look at Belgium. THE EXCEPTION What goes up must come down, That's a saying of renown, As scientists all view it. There's one exception to this rule, As taught in nearly every school, For hard coal doesn't do it. A Chinaman has invented a simple machine with which a person can make straw braid of find cuality 12 times as rapidly as by hand. The Pratt & Whitney company of Boston, a subsidiary of Niles, Bement & Pond, has increased operations from part to overtime. A $2,000,000 con tract for equipping a new arsenal for the Chinese government is in sight. Charles M. Schwab announces that he is about to build a large fuse plant at Sduth Bethlehem, Pa., presaging that he has received large contracts for shell ammunition. Wagon factories in southern Illinois and Indiana have received large orders for wagons for European and South American delivery. The Lackawanna mills of Scranton, Pa., Dunham Hosiery company of Nantucket, Conn., and the Superior Manufacturing company, Hoosick Falls, N. Y., are turning out under wear and sweaters. Announcement was made at Peters burg, Va., that the P, G. Seward Lug gage company of that town has been tendered the offer of a big contract to supply one of the foreign armies now engaged in the war with saddle bags. A manufacturing concern at Bay City, Mich., announced that iti had closed negotiations with the Brit ish government for construction of 600 houses, each 20 by 60 feet, which, it is said, are to be used in housing war refugees in England. The order calls for houses complete and ready for. erection.