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ý,a 10, 1914. TUHK Suchi Bey Surrenders His , Entire Force toq *in Expeditionary Ii~oe IMPORTANT STRATEGIC POINT HANDED OVER Kurna, at the Head of Gulf ,of Pdrsia, Is Now He!d By British Troops London, Dec. 9,--E'uchi Bey, latd governor of Basran, Asiatic Turkey, commander of the- Turkish forces at Kurna, yesterday surrendered uncon ditionally with his troops to the In dian expeditionary force operating at the head of the Persian gulf. Kurna subsequently was occupied by the British who are now in colm plete control of the country from the junction of the Tigris and Euphates rivers to the sea and of the richest part of the fertile delta. Official Report, The Indian office, in a dispatch de scribing the operations of the British forces on the Persian gulf, says: "A reconnaissance of the enemy's position at Kurna was made Decem ber 5 by Colonel G. r. Fraser, with the 110th Mahratta light infantry. The enemy was encountered on the left bank of the Tigris, opposite Kurna. They were promptly attacked and driven across the river, losing heavily. Two guns and 70 prisoners were cap tured. "Kurna was found to be strongly held by guns and infantry and the British, finding no means of crossing the Tigris, withdrew to their original bivouac. "The following day reinforcements were sent from Basra under Brig. Gen; Charles Irwin Fry and captured Ma sera, cleared the left bank of the Tigris and took three guns and 190 pisionelt, - - "On December 8 the British crossed the riVer and the next day Suchi Bey surrendered. British Losses Light. "The British casualties during the whole of these operations amounted to one British officer killed and three wounded, with 40 Indians of the rank and file killed and 120 wounded." CIGAR IN ONE HAND, A STICK OF DYNAMITE IN THE OTHER Bakersfield, Cal., Dec. 9-A Mexican, gesticulating with a stick of dynamite in one hand and a lighted cigar in the other, created a stampede in the down town retail district today. In his pockets were 24 other sticks of the powerful explosive and as he trav ersed the street he endeavored to sell the dynamite to the passersby for money to buy whisky. He was finally arrested. "WOPS"' KIDS GLADDENED Genoa, via Rome, Dec. 10.-Christ mas presents have been taken off the American Christmas ship Jason here. They will be taken to Saloniki for the Servian and Montenegrin children. ENGLAND EXPECTS GERMAN INVASION London, Nov. 27.-(Correspondence of the Asociated Press.)--Invasion by Germans is now considered a distinct possibility. The government is preparing to meet a landing of hostile troops. The home army, commanded by General Sir Ivan Hamilton, has for its special function the repelling of an invasion. Military experts consider it wholly possible that the Germans may make a desperate excursion upon the Brit ish coast, for the moral effect of the presence of an invader, would have in tlrowing the population into panic and preventing the war office from sending troops to reinforce the fight ing line in France. It is thought the Germans might at tempt to land two or three contingents at widely separated bases for the pur pose of dividing the British defense army and might send their smaller ex pedition in advance of the main one, to create a diversion, Line Laid Out. Several thousandi laorers have been SLESSES iII FIELD Allies Resume Offensive in Several Sections and St then Lines CZAR NOW ADMITS REVERSE AT LODZ But He. Claims Victory in. Region on Left Wing- Craco*i Siege ' London, Dec. 9.-The victory off the Falkland islands, where a British squadron sank three German cruis ers, and the success of the Indissi troops on the gulf of Persia, where they compelled the surrender of Turkish army, have for the moment overshadowed, so far as England is concerned, at any rate, the larger events that have takefi place on the continent of Europe, The sinking of the German cruisers, materially lessens, the menace to British shipping, while the success of the Indian troops has given Great Britain control of the Persian gulf and the delta of the Tigris' and Euphrates rivers and threatens that part of Tur key on which German railway build ers have had their eyes set for years. French Successes While this is good news for allies there comes what is considered here a favorable French communication of the operations in Flanders and France. There is also a somewhat clearer view of what is taking place along the Russo-German front. The withdrawal of German troops from the west to strengthen their ar mies in the east has enabled the al lies to resume the initiative along the front reaching from the Swiss border to the North sea, and while they have not made any marked advance, they have been able, according to official announcement, to organize and con bolidate the positions won in the last few days. This naturally has not been done without opposition from the Ger mans, who claim to have inflicted heavy losses on the French, particu larly in the Argonne and north of Nadicy. Flanddrs is at present considered fairly safe from German attacks which, when they do materialize it is believed here, will be directed more at the French center. Czar Admits Reverse The Russians have at last admitted the occupation of Lodz by the Ger mans, but the official 'statements is sued today say the Russians evacuated the city 15 hours before the German occupation and that they changed their positions without the loss of ,a single man. It is apparent from the various of ficials reports that there are con verging German movements on War saw from the north and the center, combined with outflanking movements to the southeast of Cracow. The success of any of these movements would require the Russians to turn back from Cracow, which they have not done so far. As a matter of fact, the Russians assert they have in flicted a "grave defeat"' n an Aus tro-Oerman force which tried to get around their left wing, although a later Austrian report indicates par tial success in this regiop. Reports of the ierious illness of the German emperor, coming through Amsterdam, have not been confirmed. (Continued From Page Four. employed .digging trenches and mak ing other defensive works on strategic lines behind the eastern and southern coasts. The preparations of the railroads, controlled by a committee of railroad managers, who have military rank dur ing the war, have been made for mov ing large bodies of men and guns quickly. A practice mobilization was conducted a few days ago and rumors of an invasion immediately became current. TWO MILLION JEWS ARE IN DESTITUTION New York, Dec. 9.--Abolit 2,000,000 Jews are homeless in Russian Poland, says a cable gam from Petrograd to the American Jewish relief committee. Extreme distress also prevails among the Jews in. lician provinces occu pied by the Russian armiesa _ _.___ . WAITNG HE DU'I IO awl T BlGERMN CR ISERS AT "BOTTOM B I I : 1i, BRITISH WIN-GREAT NAVAL VICTORY 'UI - 1 GERMAN SOUTH ATLANTIC FLEET DEFEATED IN DECISIVE FASHION--REMAINL$G SHIPS PURSUED-TWO COLLIERS4AKEN London, Dec. 9.-A British squadron under command of Vice Admiral 'Sir Frederick Sturdee, chief of the war f staff, engaged a 'German squadron un der Admiral Count von Spee off the Falkland island in the South Atlantic yesterday and won a victory which is s being acclaimed throughout England. The armored cruisers Scharnhorst and Gnelsenau and the protected cruiser Leipig, 'three of the German warships that had been menacing British shipping and part of the squadron which sank the British cruisers Good Hope and Monmouth in the Pacific, Nov. 1, were destroyed, while the cruisers Dresden and Nurn berg, the two other vessels which t composed the German squadron, made off during the fight and, according to latest accounts, are being pursued. Two colliers were captured. Officially Announced The announcement o1 this engage ment and victory which was the most a important naval engagement of the a war, with the exception of that off a Helgoland, last August, was made this a evening in a statement by the admir. e, alty of less than 100 words. The statement makes reference to some survivors rescued from the it Gnelsenau and the Leipzig, but no a mention is made of any of the crew of Scharnhorst, which was the flag ship of the German admiral, being ie saved, and it is thus presumed that h Count von Spee, his officers and men 1. went down fighting. The British casualties were light, but beyond the fact that the British squadron was' commanded by Vice Ad pniral Sturdee, no information is vouchsafed regarding the ships en gaged ari the newspapers are en Joined not to speculate, as other com binations may be effected. London Enthuses. The greatest enthusiasm prevailed in London over the victory and the eC general impression is that it will be n corpleted, as the admiralty would not likely send ships that could not over !, take the Dresden and Nurnberg, which d are 24 and 23-1Snot vessels, respective ly, and probably even slower after their long service. They are at L dis a 4advantage also because of their small coal capacity. The British squadron which engaged a the Germans left England without the kaowle4ge of the general public and until his name was mentioned it was believed that Vice Admiral Sturdce was serving in home waters. The fact that he was taken from the post of chief of the war staff is in dicative of the determination of the British government to clear the Pa cific and South Atlantic of all Ger man warships. It is believed, there fore, that the Dritish commander is at the head of a formidable squadron. In addition to the Dresden and Nurnberg, only one German warship, the Karlsruhe, is now unaccounted for in those waters, although there may be one or two armed merchantmen which the allies have not rounded up. The total German loss is estimated at not far from 2,000 men, although the actual losses to the Dresden and Nurnberg cannot yet be given. SEVEN MILLIONS OF EDISON'S MONEY ARE SMOKE BUT INVENTOR WILL START ALL OVER AGAIN-WEST ORANGE PLANT BURNS West Orange, N. J., Dec. 9.-Fire de stroyed virtually the entire main plant of the Edison company here tonight, causing damage estimated at nearly $7,000,000, with insurance that will re duce the loss to $5,000,000. An entire square block of modern reinforced concrete buildings, which were supposed to be fireproof, was burned. The only building laved was the laboratory, containing valuable scientific machinery, under the imme (Continued on Page Seven.) EMPEROR WILLIAM LYING VERY ILL London, Dec. 10.-A dispatch from Amsterdam says the latest bulletin is sued in Berlin says Em peror William's condition is unchanged and he has been unable, to leave his bed. His fever has not de creased. THE OFFICIAL STATE CANVAS IS FINISHED Helena, Dec. 9.-- oman suffrage carried in Montana by a majority of 3,714, according to the official can vass, completed today. The vote on the various measures submitted to the voters, heretofore unavallable, was as follows: Kiley boxing law-For, 34,440; against, 42,581. Law repealed by ma- I Jority of 8,141. Compensation act - For, 36,991; against, 44,275. Consolidation of state institutions For, 30,4t65; against, 46,311. Increased taxation for 10 years For, 28,703; against, 46,265. F'arm loan act-For, 45,168; against, 27,780, Woman suffrage amendment-For, 41,303; against, 37,588. V In the Fourth district Theodore Lentz was elected judge. He received 1,322 votes, Judge John E. Patterson THREE BIG GERMAN MERCHANTMEN AT BOTTOI Buenos Ayres, Dec. 9.-Three Ger man merchantmen were sunk by Brit ish or Japanese warships off the coast of Terra del Fuego, last Sunday, ac cording to advices just received here in a wireless dispatch to the ministry of marine from the commanier of the Argentine war transport Pledras Buena. The message said a division of war ships, which the commander believed to have been either EngllsH or Jap anese, aggregating five iroliclads and one transport, on the morning of De cember 6 sank one of the germans in the roadstead of Picton island, The two other steamers were sent to the bottom the same evening outside the harbor of Pantalon. HOW WM. H. TAFT WOULD AVERT WAR Somerville, Mass., Dec. 9.--Assump tion by congress of authority'to' pre vent states from violating, by laws or lawless violence, United States trea ties would be moree to prevent . the possibility of war between this pation and another than increasing the army and navy,- tqrpgr Prpatalpt ,.W)laoa PROUD SH A+FT HUll W1 IT GUARDN Unknown Pioneers Resting in Henderson Gulch Get Monuiment OLDTIMERS GATHER FOR CEREMONIES Once Busy Mining Field Is Now Deserted--Marble Gift of Murray (Staff Correspondence.) Drummond, Dec. 9. Pat McHenry Thomas Roach. James Fletcher. James Grimes. William O'Hara Ed. Clu.ky. Jimmie Jones. Silence, deep and eternal, answered the calling of these nanmus at the un veiling and dedication today of the monument to the known and unknown dead of Henderson Gulch, an historic placer district, 16 miles up Flint Creek from this place. Although bitterly cold, so cold that only one of the survivors of Hender son Gulch of the number who had been invited to attend tho ceremony, could make the trip, the day was clear and sparkling. The sun shone upon the white shaft of marble on the hillside above the now-deserted town of Emmetsburg-more than de serted in fact, there bbing but one log shack left of the whole group and its reflected rays beamed down over the yawning diggin's of the old (Continued on Page Seven.) 1,113 votes and Welling Napton 454 votes. Tho official canvass gave the fol lowing returns: Congress-Evans, 37,012; Stout, 35, 156; Maddox, 26,046; Mci'orumiclk, 26, 161; 13rinson, 6,1(66; lankil n, 6,604; Duncan, 12,278; Kent, 9,430. Associate justice-Clemenuts, 31,495; Ilolloway, 36,415; \.allace, 10,875. RaIlroad colnillssioner---McCormick, 32,163; Boyle, 31,239; Williams, 8,113; l'ictila, 10,112. FIRST MONTANANS TO FALL IN WAR Anaconda, Dec. 9.-The first resi dents of Montana, to fall in the pres ent European struggle were Anto Dedlijor of Anaconda and Trifko Pqzanln of Butte, who returned to their native land at the call of the king to' fight with the Servians on the side of the allies against Austria. They gave their lives in a bayonet charge in defending the Servian ranks, ac cording to a letter received here. In the same attack many former BIutte and Anaconda Servians fell wounded. Mr. Dedljer was a brother of Mike DediJer of this city. WALES PROMOTED L"ondon, Dec. 10.--The Prince of Wales, second lieutenant grenadier guards, has (been promoted to full lieutenancy. CZAR HAS 5,000,000 MEN IN FIRST LINE Petrograd, Nov. 20.-- (c'orrespond ence of the Associated Press.)-VWlth the ordinary supply from France prac tically cut off, Russia, is now looking to Japan to keep the Russian armies supplied with arms and munitions of war. All the leading hotels here are filled with the agents of Japanese armament firms. Russia was short of H. Taft declared tonight. "The only real possibility of a war that I can , foresee is the wanton, reckless, wicked willingness on the part of a narrow section of the country to gratify racial 1 prejudice and class hatred by flagrant n breach of treaty rights lni the form of y state' laW, br by lawless violence,' he ssYMt1'. PAYROLL Colorado Sheriff Says He Hired Hundreds With out Investigation HIS OFFICE UNDER COMPANY CONTROL "Frame-up" on Labor Lead er Confessed -- How Suits Were "Tried" Denver, Colo., Dec. 9.-Three hun. dred and twenty-six men, without in vestiga'ion as to their qunalfications, were hired during the miners' strike by Sheriff Jefferson It. Farr of Huerfano county as deputy sheriffs. at the re quest of E. P. Matteson, division su perintendent of the Colorado Fuel &, Iron company. Those men were armed and paid by the company. The sher iff made no effort to learn whether they were citizens of the state or how long they had been in the state. Hto hired them as they "asked for work." This was between January 1. and Sep tember 1, 1913. The strike was called September 23, 1913. Such was the testimony of Sheriff Farr before the federal commission on industrial relations today. Anybody Could Get On. "So far as you anow, then," asked Mr. Walsh, chairman of the commtis slon, "a red-handed murderer might have been among them and been giv en a commission?" "So far as I know," echoed Mr. Farr. Sheriff Farr was a man of varied in terests; bank director, had some sa loon interests, owned city property at Waisenburg, was interested in farm ing and stock raising. A Wholesale Liquor Man lHe was in the wholesale liquor busi ness, he said, supplying all but about 10 of the 44 saloons in the county, 22 of them In Walsenburg. He had noth Ing to do with the granting of licenses. Roeverling to the strike, he said it would have boon useless to attempt to organize a posse to quell the miners, for no one would have responded. A thousand miners had marched through the streets. IHe had but three depu ties. It was eommon talk that they intended to kill him. They never at tempted it. "I didn't give them an opportunity," he said. "I attended to my own busi ness. I stayed honme." After the militia arrived it disarmed the witness and his men and took charge of the county, with the wit ness' consent. lie furnished the jail. John McQuarrie, formner under sher-o iff of Huerfano county, preceded Farr on the witness stand. Company in Control. During his service under Farr the office of the sheriff was dependent po litically and industrially upon the Col orado Fuel & Iron company, he said. In a: damage case, he said, the In Jured man was never consulted as to the jury selected. Jn nine killings, he did not remember a case where the victim was not blamed for careless ness. Sheriff Farr kept the district clear as possible of union agitators. A Frame-Up. 'Sheriff FIarr had asked ihim, lie said, to "frame" John it. Lawson, when he was arrested in 1900, by slipping a re volver Into his pocket and arrest hint for carrying concealed weapons. Law (Continued on Page Four) arms and ammunition at the begin ning of the war. Russia has 5.000,000 men in the first line, fully equipped and armed for fighting, while the reserve armies are being supplied. LAZAR TOMICl HAS BEEN AWARDED FIVEYEARS Bozeman, Dec. 9.-Laser Tomich, convicted of stealing ( 5t.. 1 O m, a Butte mine, to be use the miners' union bait4 June 23 last, was sentfe ye ra e 4 hp oa b Ju distriot 0arrt~ heig todaif_!