Newspaper Page Text
VOL.XLIV. NO. 4.
MISSOULA, MONTANA, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 4, 1917. PRICE FIVE CENTS «Ml BONDS WILL IE PVT ON SOLE IT LOCIL UNIS Western Montana and First National Asked by Wire to Co-Operate. APPLICATION S MADE TO PURCHASE BONDS Several Customers Ready to Loan Their Money to Government. Subscriptions (or the two billion dollar bond offering with which the government will redeem the first cer tificates of indebtedness issued to cover loans to the allies will be re ceived by Missoula banks today. Sec retary W. G. McAdoo yesterday tele graphed to all Missoula banks, author izing them to receive subscriptions, asking them to co-operate with the federal reserve bank and calling ft>r rough estimates of the amount which will be subscribed here. In accordance with these instruc tions all Missoula banks will receive subscriptions today. The bonds arc to bear 3»£ per cent interest. By selling them, the government will redeem the certificates of indebtedness offered im mediately after the passage of the bill authorizing the 37,000,000,000 bond is sue. Bocal banks have already received some subscriptions. J. U. T. Hyman of the Western Montana National bank said yesterday that several cus tomers had applied for bonds. McAdoo's Massage. To all clearing house associations in the country, Mr. McAdoo sent the fol iqiwlng telegram: ■.."Will you kindly convey to the mem bers of the clearing house my appre ciation of the tender of services J have received from them and beg them to co-operate heartily with the federal reserve bank of your district in securing subscriptions to the 32, 000,000,000 3 Vi per cent loun. I think the appointment of local committees to assist the federal reserve bank in its work will be extremely helpful.'' To the federal reserve banks, upon which will fall tho heaviest amount of detail work in connection with the flo tation of the issue, Mr. McAdoo sent telegrams notifying them that the re sults of the estimates asked for would bo placed at their disposal. The result of the first announcement of the loan has been a deluge of sub scriptions, aggregating many millions. Virtually every large city and every stato in the union was represented in the hundreds of messages which be gan to come early in the day to the treasury department and which poured in with incx-easing volume till the of fices closed. Negotiations continued today with representatives of the nations to which the United States is extending credit. Count dl Cellere, tho Italian ambassa dor, received tho full amount of the first 1100,000,000 loan made by this government to Italy Instead of the in stallment of 325,000,000, which had been agreed upon tentatively a few days ago. It Is understood that tne change was made upon representa tions that tho needs of Italy would- be served best by a transfer of the en tire amount at once. The money was paid out of proceeds of the first offer ing of treasury certificates of indebt edness and other funds in the treas ury. Subscriptions to the second offerings of treasury certificates were received during the day by the federal reserve banks. Indications arc that the secre tary will issuo an announcement short ly as to the size of tho second offer ing and call for the proceeds within a week, possibly a few days. The 3100,000,000 loan to France, an nounced by Mr. McAdoo a few days ago. will be turned over to Ambassador Jusserand in whole or in part within a day or so. WILL PUT DRAFT LAW IN EFFECT Helena, May 3.—Governor Sam V. Stewart today named State Adjutant General Phil Greenan as distributing officer of the fedcrul government for putting the draft law into effect. Full plans will not be announced until the government bares them. MONTANAN KILLED IN ACTION. Ottawa, Ont, May 3.—Casualties. Killed in action: 'H. A. Stevenson, Great Falls, Mont. J. Meads, Minneapolis. C, H. Carlson, Minneapolis. The Weather Montana — Unaottlod weather Friday and -Saturday; probably showora; cooler Friday and in southwest portion Saturday. WILL MOBILIZE WORKS IN WEST San Diego, Cal., May 3.—Mobiliza tion of Ute aeronautical industry on the Pacific coast will be undertaken soon by Colonel William Glassford, chief aeronautic officer of the western department of the army, it was an nounced here today. Every factory in California, Oregon, Washington. Arizona, Nevada, Mon tana and Wyoming engaged in the manufacture of automobile or aircraft engines, or which could be utilized ill turning out motors and airplane parts, will he catalogued. To assist in the standardization of the military and commercial airplane, these factories, called u ! «on to produce their share of the material required, will bo asked to manufacture only standardized parts under specifications issued by the war department. BRIClt COMPANY TAKES NEW LIFE After lying in idleness for two years big brickyard west of the city, formerly the property of A. C. Hollen beck, will bo repaired and operated by the Missoula Clay Products company, according to announcement yesterday. The company, which was recently or ganized, has employed George W. Beam, formerly of Portland, as man ager. Mr. Beam, who has had 25 years of experience as a brick manufacturer, is supervising the repair of the plant. Within two weeks the plant will be runr Ing, it Is thought. Twenty men will be employed in the manufacture of brick and hollow tile. The plant has a capacity of 50,000 bricks duily. DUNN CASE HAS BILLINGS ECHO Billings, May 3.—It developed here today that an attempt was made on the night of February 3 to enter the room of a Mrs. W. Duckworth at a lo cal hotel by W. Bradshaw, who had gone to the hostelry with S. C. Fcrdig, now held at St. Paul as a witness in the Dunn mystery. Mrs. Dunn, the victim, was then a guest at this ho tel and Mrs. Duckworth bore a strik ing resemblance to her. Bradshaw ex plained that he had tried to enter the wrong room and the matter was dropped. It Is believed that Brad shaw is the "A1 Brown" held by the St. Paul police with Fcrdig. FLAG ASPERSION BRINGS TROUBLE Butte, May 3.—R. Strunkcr, Hie Industrial Worker of the World who was arrested aboard a Great Northern train last werk for abusing a travel ing man who wore a flag In his but tonhole, will be prosecuted in Jeffer son county by the authorities there, according to the decision of local and federal officers today. It was at a point between Basin and Boulder that Stsunker is alleged to have referred to the flag as "that dirty rag." INSULTED FLAG; MAKES APOLOGY Huntley, Mont., May 3.—Dave Wlt man, who insulted the United States flag by tearing one to pieces in a pub lic place, and thereafter trampled on the pieces, has issued a signed apology and has requested that publicity be given it in the press of the state. He further promises to make a public salutation of the flag at the govern ment reservation here and to wear a smaller one on his coat for 30 days. BILLS OFFERED BY MISS RANKIN Otaccial.)— cert bills In Miss ltankin today introduc< the house authorizing tho federal land board to make loans on lands within irrigation projects; giving the govern ment priority liens to secure loans, and to grant American women the right to retain their American citizen ship after marriage to foreigners. SHAY MANAGED HELENA. Helena, May 3.—Dan Shay, held In Indianapolis for shooting a waiter, managed the Helena team In the Union association in 1913. He came here from Kansas City, Mo., and returned there at the close of the season. OVATIONS EVERYWHERE GREET JOFFRE MARNE HERO AND DEMOCRACY'S SAVIOR' V 71 & WffÄSS?* MARSHAL JOSEPH JOFFRE, PHOTOGRAPHED SINCE ARRIVAL IN U. S. Ovations everywhere greet the appearance of Marshal Joffre, victor of the Marne and frequently termed "the savior of democracy." Never in America's history have Americans so taken to their heurts a visitor from abroad. Now that Marshal Joffre lias decided to spend 10 days visiting various eastern cities and states lie is being flooded with invitations from every known kind of civic organization. Boy scout troop s are well in the lead in tho number of invitations sent the French hero. ELIGIBLE LIST NOW COMPILED BY DAN CURR E County Assessor Will Soon Finish Roster of Men for Army. A military census of Missoula county has practically been completed by field men working under the direction of County Assessor Dun Currie. Within ten days a list of all men be tween tbc ages of 19 and 45, supple mented by information concerning their occupations, persons dependent upon them and citizenship, will be available for use by the government in connection with the draft. Because of ilio war a census much more searching than usual has been taken. The assessor's list, it is said, will contain practically all tho infor mation needed by the government re garding men who are actually resi dents of the county. This list is not limited to taxpayers or even to voters. It will contain the names of all men living in the county. Transients Not on Roll. It will not, however, Include any per sons not resident in the county. Transients and casual laborers will not appear on the rolls. How tlio great armies of itinerant laborers and trav elers will he enrolled, county officials cannot say. Indeed, the authorities do not yet know what use is to be made of the information collected, or how the draft is to be conducted. No instructions have been received, though advices from Adjutant Phil Greenan of tho state guard arc expected. Immediate Registration. The law provides for tho immediate registration of nil men between the age limits, which have, not yet been decided. County officers and post masters are to conduct this registra tion. Fines and prison sentences for refusal to register are provided. Mis soula county officers do not know, however, just what the method of reg istration will be. Some believe that some insignia will be given men ns they register so that unregistered men may be detected and rounded up. Eight million men or more are to be registered tn this way. By use of "wheels of fortune" 500,000 men will bo selected for Immediate service. Tim (Continued on Page Ten.) [ War Summary Another period of intensive fighting —the fourth since the spring offen sive began—is in progress between the British and Germans over a front of about 12 miles in the region from the east of Viiny southward to the west of Queant. After their customary terrific ar tillery preparation, in which guns of all calibres were used, the British along the entire front surged forward in the early hours of the morning and throughout Thursday were at grips with the enemy. Nightfall found the British in pos session of several points of vantage, wldclt I hey had captured In flic face of most stubborn resistance and held With a withering fire of machine guns and rifles against powerful counter uttacks. Berlin asserts that the British at tempt to break tlmAigh the German line failed under heavy casualties. Tlie taking of Fresnoy, which fell to the lot of ! he intrepid Canadians, who thus are shown to have pushed hack the German line four miles^sinco their gallant capture of tho Vimy ridge, gives them the added honor of having ut their way through the famous Hin. denburg line. Wednesday night in Champagne the French again bit into the German front east of Mont-'Haut and made prisoner tmyc than 200 Germans. In the Avoeourt wood, in the Verdu sector, they also invaded enemy trenches. » » * The. ojH'ralions on tile other fronts continue of.minor character, as com pared with the offensive on the front in France. FRENCH SAILORS GIVEN OVATION New Vork, May 3.—Sailors from the French warships thut escorted the French high commission to the United States were aecordod what was per haps the greatest ovation ever given to sailors of a foreign government here tonight. Ten thousand persons packed Madison Square Garden and joined in welcoming them to this country. NEED8 PROVIDED FOR. Berlin, May 3.—Tho munitions de partment of the war office warns fac tory owners and others who think of going In for manufacture of munitions that facilities now at the government's disposal are reguarded as entirely ade [ quote "for the indefinite future.'* MIN INI WOMAN BESEBVIST IIMT FOI H OME 6UIID Plans Arc Submitted at Con* ference of Council Na tional Defense. WOULD BE AVAILABLE • FOR ANY EMERGENCY State Representatives Told How Each Commnowealth Can Give Aid. Washington. May 3.— Pians for a great national service reserve made up of men uot subject to draft into the ui my aud of women, already approved by the war department, were submitted to the council of national defense to day at a conference of the council with state governors and representatives of state defense councils. Members of the reserve would be available for any service they could perform for the gov ernment. The plans wore preaented by George Wharton Pepper, a representative of the Pennsylvania stato council and chairman of a national committee of patriotic and defense societies. Board of Nine at Haad, The reserve would be headed by a board of nine nationally known men, which would operato through a na tional committee of inembera from all the states. Under tho national com mittee there would be state and district committees and In Washington a per manent headquarters committee would carry on administrative work. Membership on tho board of nine hns been tentatively accepted. It was stated by former President Taft, Ma jor General George W. Goethals and Henry L. Stimson, former secretary of war. Purposes Defined. The purpose of the organization would bo to furnish any military or civic service which could not be per formed by enltated men to aid ill re cruiting to work under any private employer engaged on government con tracts or on farms and to supply the army and navy. When not in active service, reserve members could aid in home defense. They wkuld be given compensation for the time spent in government service. One of tho serious problems facing the government, Mr. Pepper declared, is to utilize the efforts of the thousands who are volunteering for any service they can render. Creation Of the re serve, he said, would lift a burden from the shoulders of government officials and give volunteers a chance to be of real service. What State* Can Da. Tho defense council today gave the governors und state representatives an outline of a program for state assist ance to tho federal government In the conduct of tho war. They were told that state defense councils could do these things: Promote patriotic spirit and educate the people to the magnitude of tho task ahead. Aid in recruiting the national guard. Assist in carrying out the enrollment (Continued on Page Tea.) EVOLVING PLAN TO MAKE LOWER PRICE ON WHEAT Joint Action by United States and Canada May Be Speculation's End. j the rrr»s*utsti—i ' Staten, |*uee and England fittawu, Ont., May 3.—Announcement was made in parliament today by Sir Thumps White, tho minister of fl nance, that pluns are under way for joint action by Canada and the United States to reduce the price of wheat. Kir Thomas said the price of -flour, wheat, or any other necessity could not be regulated by the Canadian gov ernment alone. To be successful- the regulation of food prices must ho the simultaneous action of the United States and Canada, he declared. He stated thut Sir George Foster, the Canadian minister of trade and com merce. now In Washington, Is discuss ing with the American authorities the fixing of maximum prices for wheat on the whole of the North American con tinent. Sir Thomas will leave for Washing ton at the end of this week to relievo Sir GeArge Foster, who la represent ing Canada In the conferences between ___ of the States, United W ire Flashes Governor Stewart has set in motion steps to take a census of all men in Montana for purposes of conscription. Fred Rowe and Angelo Zucally were killed Thursday night in a cave-in in the original mine of the Anaconda Copper company, at Butte. One of the biggest zinc ore strikes In years was made Thursday in the property of the Butte Copper and Zinc compun y. The spring athletic program at tho North Dakota Agricultural college has been abandoned, owing to departure of many students for farm work and military service. Rev. S. W. R won son lias been re elected president of lied River confer ence of tho Swedish Lutheran synod. The French mission, headed by Rene Vivian! and Marshal Joffre. started on 1 their Invasion of tho central states. They nro due In Chicago at noon today. Sentiment against censorship pro vision In the espionage bill is growing so strong its opponents declare It will be stricken before the bill comes to a vote. Tho Chilean minister to Germany has demanded his passports and an nouncement Is made of rupture iu re lations between the two countries. Daylight saving as a war measure hns been indorsed before tho senate's interstate commerce committee, by delegation of manufacturers and busi ness men. TO AID RUSSIA AND FRANCE IN RECONSTRUCTION IT. S. Railroad Experts to Assist in Strengthening Railway Systems. Washington, May 3. Immediate as sistance to Russin and Franco In strengthening their railroad systems Is planned by tho American government The first step will be the dispatch of a commission of four railroad experts, including John F. Stevens, a consult ing engineer who was chief engineer of the Panama canal commission be fore General Goethals. The plans for aiding France will be made public within a^ few days. Tin question was discussed hero today l>> a group of railroad heads In confer ence with members of tho council of national defense. Other members of the railroad com mission will be John C. Greiner o Baltimore; Heijry Miller, former pres I dent of the Wabash railroad, and an official of the Burlington railroad. The plans of the defense council call for sending the entire American sur plus rolling stock and export cm. ployes abroad. The commission to Russia will give expert advice there and will seek to do everything posnllil to co-ordinate that nation's transpor tation system for tho movement of supplies and troops. 'American railroad schedules will hi altered so as to run only necessary passenger trains, to free equipment for the movement or freight and leave large a surplus us possible. Louis W. HIM of the Great North ern railroad and 'Howard W. Elliott of the New Haven system were among the railroad officials in today's con ference. SURVIVORS U. S. SHIP IN DUBLIN Dublin, May 3.--Captain Charles Ed wards and <7 members of tho crow of Ihc American steamer Rockingham arrived in Dublin this evening on their way to Liverpool. They say their slil| was torpedoed at 2:40 o'clock Tuesday afternoon and that Harry Margcy, sec ond engineer, and William Wann, Hawaiian oiler, were killed by the plosion. The survivors were about 24 hours In the boats before they were picked up. ARGUMENT ENDS IN FATAL SHOT Indianupolls, Muy 3.—Dan Shay of Kansas City, inunager of tho Mllwau kee American association baseball team, shot and futully wounded Clar ence Ewell, h negro waiter, In a hotel here tonight In an argument over sugar bowl. The colored man was taken to a hospital where ho died short time luter. Shay was arrested and the police are seeking a woman who is said t» have been with Shay at the time of the shooting. INCREASE IMPORT DUTIES. Mexico City, Muy 5.—Import duties on all goods sent by parcels post or by ' mall have been Increased 100 per cent. BILL IIITHOIIZES FIXING OF PRICE BY GOVERNMENT Gives President Discretion ary Power Over Neces sities of Life. AIMS TO ELIMINATE ALL MANIPULATIONS Vould Compel Railroads to Give Preference as Needs Demand. Washington, May 3.—Absolute au thority to regulate in its discretion the production, distribution and prices of food and oilier necessities during war was usked of congress today by the administration. In a sweeping bill introduced with administration approval by Chairman Lever of the house agriculture com mittee, It Is proposed to empower tho president, under the war clause of tho constitution, to take these measures whenever in his opinion tho national emergency shall require: Powers Requested. To fix maximum and minimum prices for food, clothing, fuel and other necessities and tho articles required for their production. To prescribe, regulations to govern ■oduetlon of these commodities, itnd If necessary to requisition the produc ing factories, mines, or other estab lishments. To compel holders of necessities to release them in amounts insuring equitable distribution. To regulate exchanges In such a way as to eliminate market manipula tion. To compel railroads to glvo profer ice to the movement of necessities. To levy such importation duties as he finds necessary to prevent excessive lumping'* of foreign products, and To impose limitations or prohibitions upon the use of grain in the munufac ure of liquor. Fix Standard Food Grades. In addition, tho secretary of agri ■ulture would be empowered to estab Ish standard food grades to license and control the manufacture, storage and distribution of foods, to prescribe 'he percentage of flour to be milled Iron» wheat and to regulate the mix ing of wheat (lour with other flour in the making of bread and other food. In a statement tonight, Mr. Lover leclared there was nothing in the neasuro to disturb legitimate business activities because, "It is hoped that tho mere conferring of the more extreme new powers will be sufficient without Its becoming necessary to exercise them. It Is known that officials of tlie executive, branches of Ihn government hold lids view, believing that with such effective weapons in their pos session, they will encounter no diffi culty In lining up on tlie side of the public interest without legal action all recalcitrant private agencies. Bill I* Supplemental. The lilll Is supplemental to tho ad ministration food measure introduced In the house earlier III the week, pro viding for a survey of the country's food resources and conferring certain (Continued on Page Eight.) URGES MAXIMUM COAL PRICE TO AVOID FAMINE Railroad Heads Prophesy Serious Car Shortage for Transporting Fuel. i Chicago, May 3.—Establishment of maximum prices for coal of the various blades was urged by L. R. Lyle of tho Minneapolis, Kt. Paul & Stc. Mario railroad, as the only escape front famine prices, in his testimony today before the federal trade commission. Hearings were begun Item yesterday to determine the situation regarding coal and tho commission Is expected to end its labors here, tomorrow. Tlio facts gathered in Chicago and else where will bo laid before congress within a few weeks, with a recom mendation for action, it was said* Mr. Lyle said speculation and a gen eral scramble to get coal at once (or future use are sending the market Up. many coal operators refusing to sell except at big advances, even When guaranteed an adequate supply of can for transportation. Fred J. Bushnell of the Urent North« (Continued on Png« StaftM