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The Daily Missoulian. [volume] (Missoula, Mont.) 1904-1961, May 05, 1917, Image 1

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THE DAILY MISSOUUAJST
VOL.XLIV. NO. 5. '
MISSOULA, MONTANA, SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 5, 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
READY TO START SELECTIVE DRAFT
GENTIML COUNCIL
WILL BE FORMED
Tt HANDLE FLAWS
Mass Meeting at Chamber of
Commerce Decides to Merge
Various Organizations.
BLODGETT DELIVERS
INTERESTING TALK
Secretary Lewi st own Cham
-ber of Commerce Talks on
Pulling Cities Together. •
Action looking toward a temporary
■merger of all Missoula civic organi
zations into a central authority em
powered to direct all the energies and
command all the resources of the com
munity for national Service was taken
last night at a "town meeting" in the
chamber of commerce building. The
meeting, in which all colors of opinion
were represented, was the first of an
emergency series, to be continued until
u community organization of some sort
for war service shall have been com
pleted.
The meeting also decided:
To call upon congress, in the name
of the Missoula Chamber of Commerce,
to take action against gambling in
foodstuffs;
To lend the support of the Missoula
Chamber of Commerce to a patriotic
observance of Decoration day, instead
of sanctioning distractions from the
higHi purpose of the occasion;
To authorize the appointment of a
central committee for the collection of
relief funds.
Little general discussion of the war
emergency was possible at the meet
ing last night. Nothing more than
an outline of the stiuation was at
tempted before Louis D. Blodgett, sec
retary of the Lewlstown Chamber of
Commerce and the principal speaker
on tire program, made bis interesting
explanation of "The New Functions of
the Chamber of Commerce."
To Form Local Council.
It was announced, however, that of
ficers of all Missoula civic organiza
tions aro to be invited to participate
in a sort of local council of war with
the executive committee of the Mis
soula Chamber of Commerce. Out of
this council, it was said, a central or
ganization will be evolved to handle
all war matters for this section. Prob
ably the machinery of the chamber of
commerce will be used. At any rate
authority will be so centralized, it was
announced, that Missoula's response
to demands by the government will be
prompt and efficient.
This announcement and a brief re
view of the situation were made by
A. L. Stone who, as president of the
chamber of commerce, was chairman
of the meeting. Mr. Stone told some
thing of the duties which have been
thrust upon the chamber of commerce
in the national emergency and ap
pealed for a united Missoula, now that
Hie city's service is needed.
Missoula Quarrelsome.
"The trouble with this city is Us
quarrelsome disposition," said Mr.
Stone. "Throughout the state we are
known as an aggregation of factions.
Lot us get together, have our differ
ences out and put our shoulders to the
whorl."
As an example of what co-operation
will do for a community Mr. Stone of
fered the Lewistown Chamber of Com
merce, whose secretary, Louis D. Blod
gett, was introduced as the speaker of
the evening.
Lewistown, said Mr. Blodgett, has
been a regular town- "ever since they
quit moving the postoffiee." Time
was. the speaker explained, when the
town was divided into factions by rival
candidates for the postmastCTship.
Every four years witnessed a civil war
which inevitably culminated in the re
moval of the postoffice from Wie loser's
to the winner's side of the town.
Town Gate Together.
By getting together Lewistown lias
reached the point where the chamber
of commerce, representing a united
city of 8.000, is able to command an
annual budget of $12,000. With this
budget, said the speaker, the chamber
of commerce really serves as the com
munity's herve center. It takes care
of all charity, handles all publicity,
conducts an employment bureau which
last year placed 3,000 men, induces
immigration, and serves the farmers
of the Judith Basin in innumerable
practical ways.
This service to the farmers lias made
the Lewistown Chamber of Commerce
(and, for that matter, the city of
Lewistown) prosperous and active.
Service, said Mr. Blodgett, has been
rendered in such ways as these:
The institution of a "Farmers' Bul
letin." carrying valuable home infor
(Continued on Pngs Six.)
The Weather
Montana—Generally fair Satur
day and Sunday; warmar in west
portion Saturday' and in east and
south portions Sunday.
ARE READY FOR
I. W. W. INVASION
Great Falls, May 4.—Railroad men
here are prepared for a threatened in
vasion of so-called I. W. W.'s from the
west. Trouble developed early in the
week when employes on the Great
Northern construction work on new
terminals and , r «4 walked out. Rumors
reached official ears Thursday that
the strikers were preparing to raid
the works Thursday night and an
armed guard was placed and has since
been maintained. The report now is
that large numbers are headed this
way from the Flathead district and
are day either Saturday or Sunday.
All precautions will be taken to pre
vent trouble.
CHINA EXPECTED
TO JOIN ALLIES
Pekin, May 4.—Passed by censor
after deletions.—The entry of China
into the war at an early date seems
inevitable.
President Li Yuan Hung and the
senate are opposed to such a step, but
the house of representatives, the pre
mier and tiie conference of military
governors are urging war.
A dissolution of parliament is
threatened if parliament fails to de
clare a state of hostilities. Owing to
the great power exercised by the mili
tary party, the senate probably will
yield to the war party.
Hsu Ship Ying, minister of com
munication, has resigned.
VILLA PLANNING
NEW REVOLUTION
El Paso, Texas, May 4.—Villa fol
lowers, cicntifico leaders and legalistas
are believed by government agents
here to be planning to launch a new
revolutionary movement against the
established government of Mexico with
Villa us the military leader and Miguel
Diaz Lombardo as the provisional
president. This movement is expected
to be started within the next week
and is believed to be the cause of a
number of former Villa leaders, cien
tifico advisers and other expatriated
Mexicans coming to this point on the
border at this time.
DESTROYER SUNK;
61 ARE DROWNED
Ixindon, May t. The loss of a tor
pedo boat destroyer and of probably
one officer and «I men is announced
by the admiralty in a statement issued
tonight. The announcement says:
"The admiralty announces that a de
stroyer of an old type struck a mine
May 2 in the English channel and
-sank. One officer and 61 men are
missing and are presumed to have
been drowned."
FORT PECK LAND
OPEN TO ENTRY
Washington, May 4.—The opening to
homestead entry of 40,000 acres in the
former Fort Peck Indian reservation in
Montana was announced today by the
interior department. Coal deposits are
reserved to the government. Applicants
who have filed their papers at Glasgow,
Mont., by tomorrow night will cast lots
for first choice of claims, and after
that the choice Will be in the order
of application.
FORCING HOLLWEG
TO DISPLAY HAND
London, May 4.—The Exchange
Telegraph company's Amsterdam cor
respondent wires that according to
travelers from Germany, popular dis
content because of the government's
silence concerning Germany's war
aims is forcing the German imperial
chancellor, Dr. von Bethmann-Holl
weg, soon to make a definite state
ment of his policy.
SUSPEND PARCEL
POST TO SWEDEN
Washington, May 4.—Parcel post
service from the United States to
Denmark and Sweden was suspended
by Postmaster General Burleson today,
"owing to lack of requisite ocean trans
portation facilities."
HOUSE MODIFIES
ADMINISTRATION
ESPI0NA6E BILL
Amend Censorship Provision
Contrary to Wishes
of President.
NEW SECTION ASSURES
OFFENDERS JURY TRIAL
Senate Will Not Finish De
bate on Measure Before
Next Week.
Washington, May 4.—The espionage
bill was pussed by the house late to
day with a modified censorship provi
sion after administration leaders had
lost an Insistent fight for retention of
the original section aimed at the pub
lication of news of value to the en
emy. The final vote was 260 to 105.
Consideration of a similar measure
continued In the senate during tiie day
and there, too, tiie administration suf
fered a defeat. An export embargo
amendment, about which the fight in
the senate centered was modified so
as to substitute for the general author
ity proposed a provision to empower
the president to restrict exports in
specific cases, when American goods
arc reaching the enemy.
in the house the entire administra
tion censorship section was rejected by
a \ote of 22o to 167, despite pleas of
Representative Webb, chairman of the
Judiciary committee, that President
Wilson had sent him word that tiie
authority sought was «absolutely nec
essary."
Jury Trial for Offenders.
Later a new section drawn by Rep
resentative Gard of Ohio was adopted,
190 to 185. It would permit the presi
dent to prohibit publication of news re
garding the national defense, but would
provide specifically for a jury trial for
offenders and make conviction depoad
ent upon proof that matter published
was of a character useful to an enemy.
Representative Graham of Pennsyl
vania and others charged that trickery
had been practiced because the Gard
amendment was offered and voted
upon after some members opposed to
any sort of censorship had left the
house with the understanding that
there would be no further voting on
the section. They were threatening to
night to carry their fight to confer
ence if possible.
The new section follows:
Contents of New Section.
"During any national emergency re
sulting from a war in which the United
States is a party or from imminence
of such war, the publication, wilfully
and without proper authority of any
information relating to tiie national de
fense that may be useful to the enemy,
is hereby prohibited, and the president
is hereby authorized to declare by
proclamation tiie existence of such na
tional emergency and is hereby au
thorized from tinte to time by procla
mation, to declare the character of
sucli information which is or may be
useful to the enemy, and in any pros
ecution hereunder the jury trying the
(Continued on Page Twelve.)
to
DECLARES FRENCH
HAVE DISCOVERED
BLOWN EGG SHELL
German Newspaper Puts In
terpretation on Visit of
French Mission.
Amsterdam, May 4.—Via London.—
The Berlin Zeitung am Mittag, under
the caption "Embarrassment ut the
Capital," discusses the results of tho
Anglo-French mission to Washington.
It says thut after beautiful speeches
and grand and general promises, the
members of the mission have come
down to hard facts to find that tho
United States cannot produce ships by
magic, and besides the ocean is ruled
by German submarines. The newspa
pers adds that the loans to France and
Italy so far amount to a mere tip in
order to keep those countries quiet,
"We do not underestimate the Amer
ican danger where it really exists,
namely, after the war on commercial
questions," says the i>aper. "But for
the entente's momentary needs, Amer
ica lias nothing to offer but a blown
egg shell.
"Therefore, the whole fury of the
party assembled at Washington burst
over the neutrals. Food that cannot
be shipped to England shall not t>c
shipped to Scandinavia, Holland and
Switzerland. The alleged reason is
light crops, but more probably it is
political revenge for the refusal of the
neutrals to come under the heel.
AMERICAN GIRL DIRECTS WORK OF
REBUILDING RUINED FRENCH TOWN
m
MISS DAISY POLK AND REBUILT FRENCH HOME IN VITUIMONT.
Paris.—An American girl is rebuild
ing a French village tint early in the
war was turned into a scene of deso
lation by the. Germans. Tiie girl is
Miss Daisy Polk und*ih< village is
Vitrimont, lying between Nancy and
Luneville in French Lorraine.
Mrs. William Henry Crocker, wife
of a millionaire of San Francisco, Cal.,
is meeting tiie entire expense of re
building the town. She has already
donated $30,000 to begin the work of
reconstruction. Miss Polk was chosen !
a
in
t>c
is
is
War Summary
French troops in a now offensive
along the Aixne have captured the vil
lage of Craonne and the first German
Une on a front of two and a half miles
northwest of Rheims.
Advancing northwest of Rheims on a
front of two. and a half miles, tiie
French carried tiie first German line
and took 600 prisoners. Craonne is six
miles northwest of Berry-au-Bac,
which Berlin gives as the western ex
tremity of the French attacking line
northwest of Rheims.
Berlin asserts that the French at
tack was repulsed between Brimont
and Berry-au-Bac, a distance of about
six miles.
Attacks by British troops on the
Arras front from Vimy ridge to south ot
Beaumont have slopped for the mo
ment, while Field Marshal Haig's sol
diers strengthened the positions.
London reports the capture of more
thun 900 prisoners in the attack on the
Arras front Thursday and early Fri
day which resulted in the capture of
Kresnoy and other sectors of the Ger
man line.
ilaiti and China are on the verge ot
entering the world-wide alliance of the
allies. President Argituenave of Haiti
has called on congress to declare war
against Germany and a commission
lias been appointed to consider tiie
question.
A dispatch from Pekin passed by (lie
censor says that CbinaV advent into
the war at an early date seems Inev
itable.
Discontent lias broken out in Ger
many over the silence with regard to
Germany's war aims. Many political
parties, widely separated as to their
views concerning Germany's aims, are
demanding» that the imperial chancel
lor make a statcigcnt on the. govern
ment's policy.
OF SHADOW LAWN j
MAKE A PRESENT
New York, May 4.—"Shadow Ijiwn,"
the. estate near Ding Branch, N. J.,
ucSd as a "summer White House" by
President Wilson last year, lias been
sold to a syndicate of prominent New
York and New Jersey men who pro
pose to present the property to the
government for use as a permanent
summer residence for the president of
the United States, it was announced
here tonight.
St
tin
by Mrs. Crocker to turn the ruins into
a model village, and she Is already on
the job.
The inhabitants, scattered by the
German invasion, have returned and
bave entered into tlu- spirit of tho
great task and are doing all they can
to aid the Americans in reconstruction
work. They feel a deep sense of grati
tude toward their benefactors, and
over the door of the first house re
lit by .Miss Polk the Stars and
ipes now share
French tricolor.
■quel honors with
INSPIRING SIGHT
IS MASSING OF
CITY'S BABIES
Over 200 Infants I*arailed on
Higgins Avenue De
spite Weather.
Babies, and then more babies! At
least 200 of the little puff balls of liu
inanity less than four years old, with
many more of added years, made the
, , , ,, ,
wonderful line along Higgins avenue
yesterday afternoon. To those Who
looked for an orderly, stcp-to-tlme
march, the parade of babies with ae
companying mothers and older broth
eis and sisters, was a disappointment,
But to those who had eyes for the I
l>ea ii t if u I promise of power in the
round, rosebud faces and the sturdy
f the babies that «trag
I along the sidewalk,
eahw pushed by fond
relatives, the pageant was an inspl-|
flgi
and bunch)
de in wick)
ration.
The Missoula Woman's club and the
Association of Collegiate Alumnae ar- 1
ranged the parade by wav of intro
duction to the program to he given by
the two organizations in honor of the
national celebration of "Baby Week,"
this afternoon at the Masonic temple.
one young girl was board to say
yesterday afternoon: "Ob my, but I
am thankful the war will be over be
fore these darlings will he old enough
to go out and get shot!"
Notable In the ranks of fur-clad or
lace-trimmed wrigglers, were four
pairs of twins. Thera were Blanche
and Violet Gross. 19 months, old and
daughters fit Mr. and Mrs. A. G. Gross,
who came recently from Switzerland
to live ill Missoula. There were Wil
liam and Margaret Clayton, two-nnd
a-half-yiar old soil and daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. W. I„
on Toole a venue ; <
ImwHon, ttiroo ypHTH old and non*» of
Mr. and Mrs. (Î. M. fhiwson; and Vir
ginia and TyVr Cooney, son and
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frank H.
'ooney, who will celebrate their fifth
Clayton, residing
rdon and Daniel |
birthday on July (. The twins and
their escorts with Anna Clayton,
younger sister of one set of twins, and
Y von Gross, elder sister of another set
of twins, assembled in a group greatly
admired, yesterday afternoon at the
end of the parade.
A feature, of the parade yesterday
was the escort of the boy scouts,
proudly militant in appearance with
(Continued on Page Eight).
RUSS CONDITIONS
CAUSE WORRY TO
OFFICIALS HERE
Washington, However, Con
fident Democratic Leaders
Have Upper Hand.
Washington, May 4.—Disquieting re
ports from Petrograd at differences
between the provisional government
and committees of workmen and sot- j
diers are causing concern here, but it j
was said utter today's cabinet meet- j
Ing that no official Information had
been received to shake the confidence
felt here that the Russian démocratie
leaders will hold their organization to
gether and keep up the fight against
Germany.
One of the effects \>f the reports
probably will be to hurry the depar
ture of political and economic and
railroad commissions, which President
Wilson is sending to aid the provision
al government in rehabilitating Russia
economically and Industrially. The
first commission, headed by Ellhu
Root, will go just as soon as the presi
dent has named all Its members, it
has been said by officials front day to
lay that the personnel of lids commis
sion lias been about agreed upon, but
so far there has been no official an
nouncement even as to the selection of
Mr. Root.
After the cabinet meeting it was re
iterated by cabinet members that the
only difficulty lias been in selecting
and getting acceptances from the right
kind of men.
There are no indications that Presi
dent Wilson is considering changing
Ids decision to send Mr. Root to Pet
rograd, because of the agitation against
him try some Socialists In (IiIh country.
Officials say. however, that undoubt
edly harm has been done by the efforts
to create the impression that Mr. Root
is not in sympathy with the Russian
revolution.
The personnel of the railroad com
mission was completed today by the
selection of William L. Darling, vice
president and consulting engineer of
the Portland fb Seattle railroad. The
other members are J. F. Stevens,
Henry Miller and John ('. Greiner.
PETROGRAD CITY
IN TURMOIL AS
TROUBLE BREWS
Shots Are Exchanged in
Clashes Between Rivals
During Demonstration.
Petrograd, May 4.—Via London. May
5,— A elasli between rival parties lias
occurred in tiie Nevsky Prospect, In
which a number of shots wore fired.
An officer and a girl are reported
Killed and several persons wounded,
Tue city is In a turmoil of excitement,
A series of demonstrations developed
dllrln « thc afternoon, both tor and
against tho government. Motor
", , ,
trucks crowded with soldiers and civil
>nB trave rsed the streets in support
of the provisional authorities. Do
'taehments from both camps are ac
pearlng in Increasing numbers and the
agitation is Increasing in intensity.
I Friends of the government oul-dem
onstrated the demonstrators this even
Ah though of one accord the
Hltrr ,. d „ seeming rcullzn
tlon of the catastrophe overshadowing
, ho countrv through the menaced fall
of , hp KOV „ rlun( . nt , turned out in sup
port of the temporary authorities.
From end to end of the Nevsky Mosru
kayu, was packed with marching
1
crowds of all grades of society.
So completely overshadowed am
outnumbered were the earlier munîtes
tauts who demanded the downfall o
the authorities that they appeared ut
terly Insignificant.
MAKE HOSTILES
OF AMERICANS
Copenhagen, May 4.—Via London,
May 5, 2:45 A. M.— Word lias been re
ceived here from Americans In Berlin
thut the German military authorities
have issued orders Hint Americans
now are to he regarded as hostile tor
jeigners anil are required to report
| daily to the police stations. They
may not leave their homes between 10
o'clock In the evening and 6 o'clock I
the morning, nor in case they are resi
dents of Berlin, quit the police limits.
6 MORE BODIES
ARE RECOVERED
Hastings, Colo., May 4.—Six bodies
were brought from the Hustings mine
of the Victor American Fuel company
here tonight. One hundred and twenty
men lost their lives in an explosion
in the mine Friday.
NEW ARMY BILL
PROVISIONS (RE
(BOUTCOMPLETE
Geographical Divisions for
New Fighting Force
Are Announced.
_______
fYNIT \ V A 1*2 APPn
«UN IANA 1 kAl,B.lJ
IN NUMBER SIXTEEN
To Be Supplemented by Ar
fWerv. Aco Squadron,
Balloonists, Etc.
Washington, May 4. — The full
strength of the first war army or
ganized under the selective draft bill
will be 18.538 officers and 528,659 en
listed men, making up IS war strength
divisions, complete in every arm and
supplemented by 16 regiments of heavy
field artillery, equipped with large
Caliber howitzers. Virtually every de
tail of plans for raising, training,
equipping and organizing Ibis force
has been carefully worked out hv the
war department mid the selection of
lie men will begin as soon as the draft
ueasiire becomes law. Conferees of
tho senate and house hope to agree
upon disputed features tomorrow so as
O send the hill to the president for Ids
Ignat lire early next week.
A revised lisl of officers 1 training
amp districts Issued today by (tie de
lartment indicates that the divisions
of the first half million new fighting
men will be formal as follows:
Geographical Divisions.
Firm division Troops from nil over
New England states.
Second division New York congres
sional (list riel s I to _>6 (Including Long
Island, New York city and a strip
north of the oily).
Third Remainder of New York
date and Pennsylvania congressional
list riels 10, 11. II. 15, 16, 21, 25 and 28.
Fourth - Remainder of Pennsyl
vania slate, including Philadelphia nut
Pittsburgh.
Fifth New Jersey. Delaware, Mary
land, Virginia and District of Colum
bia.
Sixth—North and South Carolina
nnd Tennessee.
Hevetilh — Georgia, Alabama and
Florida.
Eighth--Oldo and W est Virginia,
Ninth—Indiana and Kentucky.
Tenth Illinois.
Eleventh Michigan and Wisconsin.
Twelfth—Arkansas, Mississippi and
Louisiana.
Thirteenth Minnesota, town. North
and Smith Dakota and Nebraska,
Fourteenth—Missouri. Kansas and
dorado.
Fifteenth—Oklahoma and Texas.
Sixteen!!!— Montana. Idaho, Wash
ington, Oregon, California, Ncvodii,
IMah. Wyoming. Arizona and New
Mexico.
In addition, there will he two separa
rafe cavalry divisions which probably
(Continued on Pago Ten.)
U S. WILL SEND
TARIFF MISSION
ON TRIP ABROAD
Will Investigate Trade Con
ditions to Guide United
States After War.
Washington, May t. Some members
of the new tariff commission probably
will visit Great Britain, France, Rus
sia, China and Japan Yhls summer to
investigate laritf and trade problems,
which wdll face tiie United States
after the war.
The tour will be part of an extensive!
inquiry into trade relations, commer
cial treaties and preferential provi
sions and will have assistants whose
primary purpose will be to ascertain
how commercial 'reatiVs and alliances
h. vo been affected by tho war. Tim
commissioners will sound out officiât
and public opinion abroad as regards
future commercial policies, especially
the trade policy of the United States
after the war. A thorough inquiry al
so will be made into details of tiie
Baris economy pact entered into by
the allies last June and how It affects
the interests of the United Slates. Tile
tour of the commissioners Is expected
to provide the piesident and congress
with full data on the commercial re
lations abroad for guidance in the for
mulation of this government's policy.
Plans for the trip have not been
completed, nor has the state depart
ment approved finally the detailed ar
rangements.

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