Newspaper Page Text
V / ACCESSORIES ARE NECESSARY FOR FOWL'S PROPER FEEDING Some Fanciers Starve Flocks in the Midst of Plenty —Value of Grit. (BY ROBERT ARMSTRONG, Expert Poultryman and Writer.) So far as quantity is concerned most of us food liberally enough, in fact, some feed too liberally. There is seldom any serious objection raised on quality. Hut how about varieties? How about the acoes sortes to the bill of fare—the greens, grits and grubs? These are the elements which are too often neglected, and without which fowls suffer. There is a difference between feeding chickens and simply supplying them with food. To feed intelligently means to cater to bodily requirements in the most economical manner. To give the flock food usually means to throw out grain and other products regardless of the character of the food and its relation to the. demands of the fowls. No single grain or form of food Is a complete ration for man or beast. An animal may subsist for a time on one, but sooner or later it will cease to thrive, and eventually it will perish by disease or starvation—induced by mal nutrition. The bodies of all creatures positively demand certain elements, and without them they cannot survive. When a diet or ration is made up in such a manner as to supply a suffi cient amount of each group of nutri ents, it is called a balanced ration. In the limits of a single article it is impossible to discuss at any length the principles of nutrition and feeding. Most poultry raisers feed sufficient grains, therefore they provide enough carbonaceous matter, since most grains are rich In this element; it is also likely that they feed considerable protein, which is another term for nitrogenous matter; but their rations are probably deficient in mineral substances, which we have termed the accessories to the regular bill of fare. Furnish Fowls With Grindstones. Most animals are provided with teeth to enable them to masticate their food and thus prepare it for the action of organic secretions, and its ultimate assimilation. Hens' teeth are proverbi ally scarce, though they have been endowed with an equally good substi tute in the form of a gizzard. This is quite a remarkable organ; it is tough and muscular, capable of strong rotary action, and so situated that all food passing from the crop must enter the gizzard, where it is ground up previous to entering the intestines for the final digestive processes. In chickens the food is first received in the crop, where it remains for a time and is acted upon by a secretion similar to the saliva in the mouth of an animal, which softens it to a great extent. When the food has absorbed a sufficient amount of this secretion, it gradually passes into the gizzard thence to the intestinal section, where the available nutrients are separated trom the waste, and assimilated by the blood. If supplied with the necessary grind ing material the gizzard will perform Us work thoroughly, and the fowl will be maintained in a healthy condition. Rut, if this grinding material Is not available, or if it is of Improper char acter, husks and the harder portions of the food will defy the action of the gizzard, accumulate, cause a stoppage, lend as a result, thi fowl Incomes crop bound, which is a f irm of indigestion. I-ack of sharp grit will also cause sour crop, diarrhoea and liver I roubles; and sometimes the gall-sack will over flow, or burst, and result In the lard's death. Just as a pi rson w ith poor teeth de rives little enjoyment and less nour ishment, from 1 is food, and is fre quently troubled with indigestion, so will a fowl I» unable to properly digest its food unless the gizzard is provided with •'molars'—sharp grit at all times. Grit Must Be Sharp»—Angular. Don't assume that because fowls are given freedom to roam about a field that they will pick up sufficient grit. Unless the hen yard is adjacent to a quarry, the pebbles picked up on the average farm are of little value as grit. They are rot sharp enough. A smooth, round pebble in a fowl's giz zard is of no miore use than an axe handle would be for splitting wood To be effective grits must have sharp, angular corners; like grindstones, they must have biting edges. Oyster shells are fed in addition to grit, for the lime and other mineral substances that they contain. It is astonishing liow much of these shells are consumed by a flock of hens during the laying season, and how little during the unproductive months, which is the strongest kind of testimony as to their usefulness. Ortt to grind the food, charcoal to WHITE CHINA _ This is an old and popular variety of geese with the American farmers who use it extensively for crossing with Toulouse, Embdcn and African varie ties for the production of ''green" geese for the holiday trade. The Amer ican Standard of Perfection recognizes two varieties of China geese, the Brown and the White, but the latter are probably the most popular. White China geese originated from "sports'' or albinos from the brown variety and are identical in every re spect except color of the plumage and of the eye, which should be, as in all other white geese, blue. It should be pure white in plumage, with yellow bill, There is u growing demand for the goose as a table bird. Its flesh is sweet and tender, its liver is considered a great delicacy, the fat is used fur various purposes, the feathers are a valuable by-product, and the young are easy to raise. Some claim geese are the easiest to rise of all poultry. Next week's ar ticle is devoted to these profitable fowls. ep it et, and oyslt hells to sup ply lime in abundance- this is a tri- ] logy never to be overlooked. Some 1 pou 1 1 ry im ti prefer to mix the charcoal ' :u the dry mash, which is a good idea, | but the gni and shells should be placed : before Uie birds in convenient, sani tary hoppers or boxes by themsolves. Animal Food Is Required. If fowls are allowed to range at will mer a large area, and there are not too many birds in the flock, they will Pick iij » a large amount of animal mat tor m tiie form of insects, worms and oilier low forms of animal life. The sanie holds true of green food. If the poultry keeper confines the flock, or if there are. a great many birds to tlm aero of pasturage, in which ease du re would be insufficient insert food to go round, it is necessary to furnish a substitute far this food, especially during the winter months. It is the! animal food whitfi furnishes the high' percentage of protein or nitrogenous ! matter, so essential to the production ! eggs, and which is the most ex- I rnsive part of the diet. I A controversy has existed far some | cars o\er the relative merits of ani nl protein and vegetable protein, hemically, they are practically iden cal. though in feeding tests the vege table protein does not seem to give results of the animal protein. This fart, tog-rtliei with the natural eager rss with which chickens crave «ni ai food, have convinced most feeders flat no ration is complete without ie kind of animal food, cm cut hone will stimulate egg luction better, perhaps, than any r food, tint it should he fed Jildi isly H, ing highly concentrated, liberal teeding will cause diarrhoea, liver troubles and worms. By all means (1 it sweet, which is often difficult manage, especially in warm weath since it heats and turns bad Very quickly. A good grade of meat scrap or pre pared animal is probably the most convenient form of animal protein for poultry- It is thoroughly cured by a. cooking process, and if stored in a cool, dry place it will keep practically In definitely. Fish scrap is still another kind of animal food that comes highly recommended. Bone meal or granulated bone may be added to the dry mash as substitutes for beef scrap. They are high in pro tein and mineral matter, consequently excellent egg-producing and feather making material. Whole milk, skimmed milk and buttermilk ure greutly rel ished by fowls and mq# be fed in un limited quantities. Don't underestimate the importance of green food. It contains many es knob and legs. The neck is long and swanlike. Although males weigh II pounds and females 12 pounds, these are known as the Bantams among geese. The meat is of excellent flavor and the fowls are easy to raise and fatten. The goose will lay from 60 to 7o eggs between the first of January and the end of June. She Is a good sitter and mother, and when the goslings are hatched she will usually rear all of them. China geese are great foragers, and unless the mother goose is confined for a few weeks until the goslings have gained size and strength, she Is apt to tiro her brood in her extensive wan derings. sentials to health and productiveness. Moreover, the fowls appetite craves It. Fresh clover, alfalfa, rye or rape will be relished by birds of all ages. Cab bages. turnips, mangels, undersized white and sweet potatoes are also good, and may bo fed cooked or raw. If fed raw it Is a good plan to chop them into small hits. If none of these roots are available, and there is no pasture, we would use sprouted oats. COPPER MINES OPENED FOR GOVERNMENT USE I, lobe, Ari/.i May 5.—The southwest, including Arizona and New Mexico is doing its hit. toward preparedness for the war with Germany. Since the out break of the Kuropean struggle in Iklt every available copper prospect has been developed and there are now millions of tons of the rod metal be ing produced in the southwest where not an ounce was mined prior to the vva r. I Uie copper mine in the Globe dis trict recently increased its output from ;;r,.min.o0n pounds a year to 70, ...... pounds by bringing in now mines and erecting monster mills for concentrating the ore. Another syn dicate paid $?,000,000 for 2,000 acres adjoining its mining field in another copper district, while capital stock is being doubled throughout the copper field, output is being doubled and ev erything possible done to prepare the Failed States for its share in the war. The output of the mines has been offered to the government at cost pins a reasonable percentage of profit whenever it is needed for American ammunition. ROOSTER OPERATIC FOWL. (From the St. Paul Pioneer Press.) When your neighbor's rooster wakes you from a sound and |*eaeeful sleep in tiie morning the bated fowl is not ■ rowing, but singing grand opera. Mrs. Jessie Hi amah Daggett of Chi cago, who presented interpretations of bird music at the chapel of the Col lege of Agriculture the other night, said that all grand opera music could be traced to the notes of some bird, and the rooster's note is very much akin to tiie motive of the Spinning song from "Faust." Likewise the field sparrow sings the motive of the "Kvening Star." from Tannhäuser," the robin sings tbe mo tive of (be Magic Fire from "Die Wal küre," and even the screech owl is op eratically inclined, for he warbles the Habanera from "Carmen." CUT THIS OUT—IT IS WORTH MONEY IhiN'T MISS THIS. Cut out this slip, enclose with 5c to Foley & Co., 2635 Sheffield Avc., Chicago. 111., writ-i ing your name and address clearly. Vou will receive in return a trial pack age containing Foley's Honey and Tar Compound for coughs, colds and croup; Foley Kidney Pills, and Foley Cathartic Tablets. Missoula Drug Co. — Adv. NOW IS PROPER TIME This Pest Does Extensiv. Damage to Fields Un less Checked. POISON BRAN BEST Vigilance and Prompt Appli cation of Remedy Is Necessary. Two years ago the cutworm rav ages in tiie grain fields of the state ran into the thousands of dollars. The worms appeared as if by magic, ate their way through tiie fields and ruined hundreds of acres of grain which gave fair promise of future crop. For a time many farmers did not know what to do and various remedies were used to fight the pest. Predictions are that we are liable to have an other attack this year, though it is doubtful if it will bo nearly as serious as it was two years ago. Farmers should be on the lookout for cutworms these days, for this is the time of the year when they are liable to appear. As there was but little volunteer grain last fall in most parts of tile state, it is probable that many cutworms hibernated in tiie alfalfa sod and it would bo well to look after the alfalfa meadows as well as the grain fields for the presence of this pest. In grain the injury is generally noted at one end or corner of the field and gradually extends into tiie tyeld as the worms move on in search of new food. Where such a condition exists and the worms are almost entirely localized, it is necessary to apply the bran mash treatment, to only fthat portion of the field where the worms are at work. The bran mixture is usually scattered thinly over the ground and is more effective if applied during the afternoon as the worms continue to feed during the night if it is warm enough. During most of the day they remain quiet. Tiie formula for the bran mash that was so successful two years ago is 20 pounds of bran, 1 pound of Paris green or white arsenic, 2 quarts of molasses, 3 oranges or letnons and 3 gallons of water. This should be mixed together just before it Is scat tered in the field. This treatment Is about the only one which gave relief two years ago and where cutworms arc found it should be immediately ap plied. In addition to putting the poi soned bran in the field it is a good idea to plow a furrow around the main body of cutworms. Crawling in search of now food the worms fall into the furrow and have difficulty In get ting out. If bran Is scattered along the furrow they oat Ibis and die. Watch your fields carefully, for as soon as the grain gets a good start the worms are liable to appear. MARY AUSTIN WRITES NOVEL OF OIL FIELDS (Continued lYom Page One) " 'Tell you what, boys, there's no gusher like that In these oil fields. I tell you!* '"Take him away!' Hrcnt ordered. "Two or three of the men led Hand toward bis bouse; they saw him hold ing his head at last, as though he had Just discovered his hurt. Pop Scudder drifted over from the truck garden where he had been at the moment of the strike. He was looking startled and yet childishly pleased out of the ambush of his silver beard. "He chuckled a little indulgently at Rrent as he surveyed the spouting rain. 'What'll you bet she's SO feet high ?' "Brent could have struck him; In stead he followed the old man's look across the space In which Mrs. Scud der moved toward them with the youngest Kcudder still hanging at her skirls, one hand stayed to her flat breasts. She looked back at him, white, under all her weather exposure, with the facing of many fearful des tinies. '' 'Well, Mom, It's some blowout, ain't it?' '''It sure air. Pop." "Something passed between them with the homely words, of mutual con at,on ' ,rom thc P rof «und. extenu atlnK ,ook of the ,onR tnH,cd - They hadnt rcflll V expected anything; they had known the,r ll » ck would get the hotter an V fortunate circumstances ilt last: they had met too many times ''"der Its shadow not to make light of It," Proper Feed for Young Pig Is Important at This Time Those Farrowed Early in March Now Ready for Pasture Question of Grain Ration Requires Careful Study—Three Per Cent Ration Advised. By this season of the year the pigs , that were farrowed early in March : are almost ready to wean, and are i old enough to go on pasture with their j mothers. This brings up thc question ■ of pasture management during thc spring and summer months. On this subject there are a number of varied opinions. Some breeders who raise their hogs with the emphasis on the cheapness of the ration rather than on the quality of the pigs produced figure on feeding no grain whatever with their summer forage. Others go to the opposite extreme and give thc pigs constant access to a self-feeder In their pasture. Others vary in the amount of grain fed. If pigs have but a small pasture they will not do well unless some grain is fed. Where the pasture is extensive, as Is tho case with farmers who turn their hogs into their clover and alfalfa meadows, tho pigs undoubtedly do belter, probably because of the more varied selection of tender feed that the large pasture, furnishes. Where pigs have constant access to a self-feeder they need little additional finishing to put them on the market, but tbe grain cost is high, for pigs so run will eat close to a five per cent ration of grain. In such a case the pigs arc fat from the time they aro a few weeks old and carry an excess of fat that could easily be dispensed with in favor of more growth at thc start. Perhaps the best method is to give the pigs a good-sized pasture of either clover, alfalfa, rape or some other green stuff, and to feed either a two or a three per cent grain ration. This is enough grain to keep the pigs grow ing well, yet there is not enough grain to satisfy their hunger and they make most of their gains on the alfalfa or other pasture, which, of course, is the cheapest form of food that can bo provided. Where thus fed the pigs make a good growth of frame, aro longer bodied and more rangy than pigs with an abundance of grain, but when the time, comes to finish they take on flesh rapidly and cheaply and the same number of pounds of pork of first class quality, can be turned out cheaper than where the pigs have constant access to all the grain they desire. The legume pastures, alfalfa, clover, STOMACH AGONIES DUE TO POISON One Dose of Remedy Sweeps Pai Away—Hundreds of Thousands Restored. V s -V, Mayr's Wonderful Remedy is unlike any other. It sweeps thc Rile and poisonous Catarrhal Accretions from the system. Soothes and allays In flammation in tiie Intestinal Tract— thc cause of serious and fatal ail ments, such as trail Stones, Appen dicitis, Acute Indigestion, Cancer and Fleers of the. Stomach and intestines, Yellow Jaundice, Constipation, Gas tritis, Auto Intoxiuation, etc., etc. In every locality there are. grateful people who owe their complete recovery to , Mayr's Wonderful Remedy. Thou- | sands say it has saved them from the knife. The most thorough systetn dcanser known. Contains no alcohol or habit-forming drugs. FRBK book let on Stomach Ailments. Address Geo. H. Mayr. Mfg. Chemist, Chicago. Better yet, obtain a bottle of Mayr's Wonderful Remedy from any reliable druggist, who will refund your money if it fails. DRINK HABIT RELIABLE HOME TREATMENT. Thousands of wives, mothers and sis ters are enthusiastic in their praise of Orrinc, because it has cured their loved ones of the "Drink Habit" and thereby brought happiness to their homes. Can be given secretly. Orrlne is prepared in two forms; No. 1. secret treatment; Orrine No. 2. the voluntary treatment. Costs only $1.00 a box. Ask for booklet Missoula Drug Co., southwest corner Higgins Ave. and Front St.—Adv. sweet clover and kindred plants aro generally the favorites for hog pas turc, though rape has been successful f/e. e 6 Make your family proud of their home Your wife and children cannot take a pride in their home if the house is faded and weather-beaten. A few gallons of good paint will work wonders. And, for mansion or cottage, the best paint is THE GUARANTEED LEAD and ZINC PAINT We guarantee Devoe Lead and Zinc Paint to be absolutely pure. When you paint with Devoe you save paint-money—fewer gallons to buy; you save labor-money—fewer gallons to spread; you get a better looking paint-job—pure paint; and it will be a longer time before you need another paint-job. Why have a shabby house when it will cost you so little to make it attractive with Devoe? Get a color card from your dealer or we will gladly mail vou one upon request. DEVOE & RAYNOLDS CO. Chicago Kansas City Denver Minneapolis Founded in New York in 1754. The oldest manufacturing concern in the United States. PAINT DEVOE PAINT MONTANA BLOCK -DIRECTORY The Only Fireproof, Modem Office Building in Western Montana Abstracters MISSOULA COUNTY ABSTRACT COMPANY Room 214 Phono 216 Attorneys ALBERT BESANCON Room* 400-403 Phone 839 Red S. J. BISCHOFF Room* 509-510 Phono 338 WALTER M. BICKFORD Room* 503-505 Phon# 173 PAUL DORNBLASER Room 607 Phono 42 DAN J. HEYFRON Rooms 310-311 Phono 809 RONALD HIGGINS Room 407 Phone 154 McCORMICK S RUSSELL Rooms 512-513-514-515 Phone 614 MADEEN AND CAMERON Rooms 409-410 Phone 273 W. L. MURPHY Room 507 Phono 173 JOHN E. PATTERSON Room* 309-310 Phon# 809 A. J. VIOLETTE Room 609 Phons 42 W. F. WAYNE Room 511 Phone 306 F. C. WEBSTER Room 405 Phono 59 WOODY & WOODY Room 609 Phono 42 Banks WESTERN MONTANA NATIONAL BANK Ground Floor Phono 39 Public Accountant E. L. FREEMAN Room 606 Dentists E. G. ELLIS Rooms 200-201-203 Phono 1047 C. H. MeCOMB Rooms 213-215 Phono 622 OR. R. H. Rooms 210-211 NELSON Phono 1009 CHAS. L. SMITH Rooms 303-305 Phono 692 Black OR. W. B. WALKER Rooms 200-201 Phono 151 J Opticians N. H. SCHWEIKER Rooms 205-207 Phono 185 J Music Studio V. ELSA E. SWARTZ Rooms 606-608 Dressmaking MISS MALEY Rooms 504-506-508 Forest Service BITTER ROOT NATIONAL FOREST Rooms 413-414-415 Phono 446 LOLO NATIONAL FOREST Rooms 601-602-604 Phono 944 MISSOULA NATIONAL FORE8T Rooms 500-501-502 Fuel ROUNDUP COAL COMPANY Room 212 Phon#323 Miscellaneous NORTHWESTERN MOTORIST Room 602 U. S. OFFICE OF PUBLIC ROAOS AND RURAL ENGINEERING Rooms 313-315 Phone 640 SOUTHERN MONTANA OIL CO. Room 105, Ground Floor Phono 763 CRYSTAL BARBER SHOP Basement Phone 692 Red C. L. COWELL Room 314 Phono 1021 Physicians _ C. L. BOURDEAU Rooms 305-307 Phono 982 „ H- B. FARNSWORTH Roome 202-204 Phono 719 _ tobinski Rooms 207-209 Phone 186 W « F. TURMAN Roome 300-301-302-303 Phono 173 Real Estate and Insurance BLACKFOOT LAND DEVELOP MENT COMPANY Ground Floor Phono 849 _ „ DAN H. ROSS Roome 206-208 phono 398 - -M. R. C. SMITH Room 212 Phono 323 » A ' ROBERTS Room 310 Phono 309 WESTERN MONTANA LAND CO. Rooms 401-402 phone 157 Superintendent of Con struction JOHN M. BRECHBILL Roome 208-208 ly used in many parts of the state. In some instances the native grass pas ture of lowland meadows has been used, but here the pigs have not made the gains that the cultivated pastures have produced. Hogs turned irtto a hay meadow in moderate numbers will gain their pasture from the crop and not appreciably lower thc yield of hay. In a California felt factory cotton is blown from one department to another by means of compressed air through pipes. This method Is said to be clean and rapid.