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'eûery day from everywhere. DAILY MISSOITLIAN p soutian, -fair rt He'oIdreliabW VOL.XLIV. NO. 224. MISSOULA, MONTANA, MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 10,1917. PRICE FIVE CENTS emu WAD COMES WITH REVOLT AGAINST BOLSHEVIKI REVISION OF TAX LAW IN MONTANA COMMISSION AIM Attorney General to Interpret Present Statute Which Is Ambiguous. AMENDMENT MAY BE DECIDED NECESSARY Abolition Mortgage Tax and Equality of Public Serv ice Tax Is Aim. a Helena, Dec. 9.—Recommendations for important changes in the. lax laws of Montana were agreed upon by the members of the state tax commission and the state board of equaiizaMon at ttie joint session just conducted here. Whether these changes can be brought about, at the next session of the legislature will depend upon the construction that is placed on the state constitution. Constitution Ambigiouc. In one place the constitution provides that revenues shall be derived from a uniform rate of assessment and taxa tion of all property, while another place the constitution provides that a uni form tax shall be levied upon the same class of subjects. ]I the latter provision of the constitution is the one under which the legislature may make enactments, then the recommendations decided upon by the tax commission may be written upon the statute books of the state at the next legislative session, but if the former provision is followed, it is believed that the con stitution would have to Is» amended before proposed changes could be made. The commission will ask Attor ney General S. ('. Ford for an opinion on the interpretation of the constitu tion before definite recommendations to the legislature are decided upon. May Abolish Mortgage Tax. The abolition of the "'mortgage tax" is one of the most far reaching changes proposed. Under the present laws the assessor goes to the records and takes off a list of the mortgages. These are assessed to the mortgagees. If the mortgagees happen to live outside of the state, which most of them con trive to do, the tax cannot be col lected. "The revenue derived from assess ing mortgages amount to very little,'' said one member of the tax commis sion, "but the. system has a strong tendency to keep up interest on pri vate loans. The mortgagee always de mands a higher rate contending that he must pay taxes to the state for the loan." Substitute Registration Tax. Instead of taxing mortgages and notes, as is now done, the commis sion has proposed a registration tax on all mortgages. No definite figure has been fixed, but tentatively it has been agreed that the fee shall bo 50 cents for each $100. The commission reached no conclusion as to what percentage of the fees so collected shall go to the state and to the county, respectively". \ The question of how to assess money on hand or deposit in a bank has long been a stumbling block. The tax "commision agreed that it would recommend to the legislature t liât a law be enacted whereby money lie assessed SO cents on the $100 , Montana, under the present taxation system, is deriving so little revenue front the taxing of money that the in come is negligible. Public Service Companie*. Public service corporations of the state of Montana, are hereafter to lie put on an equal basis in the matter of paying taxes. The commission has de elded to go to the books of the county nsse sors to get figures, so that all concerns may be made to bear their just share of the taxes. Members of (he tax commission after some investi Ration along tills line say that many public service corporations have one valuation for rate making and another for taxation purposes. IFrequently there is a wide difference between the two valuations. » investigations of the assessment rolls of the counties lo get data for fixing valuations for public servie corporations and also for other kind of property" will liegin about Marc 1. The members of the commission are to conduct their own investiga tlons so far as it is practicable. Permanent Tax Commission. Another proposed innovation is the creation of a permanent tax commis sion. It would have rharge of the levying of taxes, the collection thereof . and would also to a large extent be given control of the expenditures of all state moneys. The creation of the commission would carry with it the budget system for carrying on the financial business of the state. The honor system of assessing is one of the proposed changes on which the tax commission is heartily agreed. The Weather Monday, Doe. 10.—Sun rises at 7:54; sun sets a 5:04. Forecast—Montana generally fair Monday and Tuesday; not much change in temperature. LOCAL OBSERVATIONS. Maximum ............................................37 Minimum ............... 10 6 a. m.................................................12 6 p. m...................................................32 Precipitation .........................33 inch Did you notice the sun yesterday? For the first time in several days tie' clouds finally parted and save Old .-ol a chance. And he was warm, too. blit behind it all there was a 1 in so of gen uine winter in the air. Prospects fo- - today are that it will bo fair, although, perhaps, colder. Genuine Christmas weather, all right. HUNS SEND BRAINS TO CAMBRAI FRONT of the the be all the the the one the Hindenburg and Lunden dorff Match Wits With Haig. Geneva, Friday, yeo. 7.—Doth Field Marshal von .Hindenburg and General von Ludendorff are on the Cambrai front, according to a dispatch from Strassburg today. Railway traffic through the Rhine towns has been con gested for several days, it is reported, froth this souree, owing to the flow of troops and artillery being rushed through to Jliis front. No civilians are permitted to travel'along the Rhine and the Germon frontier remains closed. Whereas the Italian victory excited little enthusiasm in Germany, the suc cess at Cambrai, the semi-official Wolff bureau stated, is causing the greatest joy. Belgium and Germany Exchanging Prisoners Havre, Dec. 9.—Through the inter vention of King Alfonso of Spain, an agreement lias been reached under which lielgium will repatriate all Ger man civilians removed from German last Africa, who are now interped in ranee. Germany in turn is to set all Belgian women and children interned in German camps, who ndergoing sentences for mlsdemi They are to be allowed to return o occupied Belgium, Switzerland ranee. Germany also is to sot free promi nent Belgian colonials arrested under eprisal measures. Further mutual iberations of prisoners are to be cussed later tinder the agreement dls Best Fighters of France Hold Part Italian Line With the French Armies in Italy Saturday. Dec. X.—-By the Associated Press.—Protected by their own artil lery" fire and whenever possible, under over of night, the French forces have radually taken over their allotted po sitions on the Italian front and today ace the Austro-Germans in full strength. These French troops are thoroughly familiar with all kinds of fighting, both in the mountains and in the plains, as they are among France's best. This has been tremendously heartening and inspiring to the Pal ans retiring for rest and reorganiza tion. Gompers in Statement Hits Burleson's Stand Washington, Dec. 9.—Samuel Gomp ers, president of the American Fed eration of Labor, Issued a statement tonight vigorously attacking Postmas ter General Burleson's recommenda tion that postal employes bo denied the right to organize and affiliate with the federation. He said the federation was prepared to resist any effort to put the recommendation into effect, "Mr. Burleson cannot point to single instance where an affiliated or ganization of postal employes lias threatened to strike," said the state ment. Cuba Ready lo Declare War on Austria-Hungary Havana, Dec. 9.—The belief was ex pressed by several congressmen this afternoon that President Menocal to morrow would send a message to congress asking that a declaration lie made that a state of war exists be tween Cuba and Austria-Hungary. Fire of Unknown Origin Destroys Shingle Mill Keiso. Wash., Dec. 9.—Fire early to day destroyed the lumber and shingle mill of J. N. Moore here. The loss is $50,non. The origin of the fire was not appareaL HALIFAX HORROR PROBE TO START IR COURT TODAY Responsibility for Collision to Be Decided Before Admiralty. INCLEMENT WEATHER ADDS TO DISCOMFORT Morgue Officials Say 4,000 Dead ; Others Put Fig ure at Half. Halifax, Dec. 9.—No official attempt was made here today to check up or revise the long list of dead and in jured resulting from last Thursday's disaster, when a munitions ship's cargo xploded In the harbor. The morgue officials held to their estimate of 4.0(H) dead, bul other ob servers said that the estimate was too great by half. "'The admiralty court to determine re sponsibility for the collision of the vessels that caused the explosion of the open its hearings tomorrow. Today the survivors of the Norwegian steam er Into,-which rammed the Mont Blanc, laden with munitions were arrested and Captain Lamedoe and Pilot Mac. kay of the munitions ship also were ordered detained a.s witnesses. 95 Bodies Recovered. A heavy rainstorm interrupted the searcti for bodies, but by night 95 ad ditional bodies bad liven placed in the morgue. Several deaths oceured among the injured. The task confronting the relief committees seemed almost hope less. hut later in the day the skies cleared and cheering word came from the physicians in charge of the tents in which «00 of the homeless had found shelter. The tents had withstood the storm and the occupants were as com fortable as could be expected. Dec. by is Suffering From Nerves. Tile nerves of the populace are on edge. A wild report today of a burn ing munitions ship heading into the harbor and flying a red flag filled the streets with frightened persons who shouted to others to seek the open. A coaler actually was on fire, but the flames were soon under control. Shock, fire, wind and deluge have followed in succession like plagues ami to these have been added the threatened invasion ol' former resi dents, friends of the Injured and miss ing and the merely curious. They have arrived in hundreds and are coming in, thousands if reports are true. Will Find No Welcome. Shelter is insufficient for the home less and food needed for the desti tute cannot be spared for visitors. Even physicians and nurses are here I ample number for the present. Others who have freely offered their services have been notified to await a possible call later. For the. present medical supplies and clothing are not required, so generous have been the early responses. There is still need of .uildlng materials. It was officially stated tonight that the arrest and detention on a British cruiser of the survivors of the steam er Into was not due to the discovery of evidence of an emeny plot. In quiry by government experts has es tablished, it was said, that the col lision was accidental. There was, however, fault on the part of the navigators and there were unofficial reports that the Mont Blanc was taking the wrong side of the chan nel. Justice Drysdale, an expert in ad miralty law, was lonight. designated by the government to conduct the in quiry. This will lie public and far reaching. Rain Increase* Misery. A torrential rain flooded Halifax at daylight today. Accompanied by a 50-mile gale, it added greatly to the sufferings of thousands of persons who had found none too sure shelter after the destruction of their homes Thurs day by the explosion on the ammuni tion laden steamer Mont Blanc in the harbor here. Systematic searcli for the dead in a two and a half square mile area, in which the entire available population was expected to take part today, was held up. Throughout the devastated zone the rain turned three feet of snow Intp slush, knee deep at points, hut notwithstanding these renditions, men and women went early to the scene to continue their own hunt for members of their families lost in the disaster. Toward noon the wind shifted slight ly and the skies were brighter, but not clear. The temperature dropped sharply. Dead in Unexpected Places. No additional estimates were forth coming this morning as to the number of dead. The officials do not agree Wagons carried to the morgues a score of bodies found in unexpected plac The and can. a. top ing so (Continued on Pace Six.) Enlist Montana Men in Majority at Spokane. Spokane, Dec. 9.—All recruiting records for local offices went by the hoard today, when a total of 949 men were sworn into the mili tary service of the United States. The army led with 213 men. of whom 191 were from Montana cities, 21 from Washington and one from Idaho. The other 36 went Into the navy. Twenty-two applicants for en listment into the army could not lie accommodated today, and were forced to wait until tomorrow. Recruiting officers expect another big day tomorrow, when additional recruits from Montana will arrive. SAMMEES READY TO 60 OVER TOP Bayonet Class in Graduation Exercises Shows Marked Proficiency. ^Wltli Hie American Dec. 9.- By III" Asset i "graduation exercises' bayonet school today by several generals 4 W Army In France, at.d Press. The of the large were witnessed md their staffs. lo oi not 44 a to The men who had been trained In tli British system by British instructors, gave a demonstration of energy, speed and accuracy which was truly Ameri can. They now are ready to go over e top. The scene of the graduation was in a. broad, grassy valley, with high hills walling nil the sides. A British ser geant major, in charge of the actual instruction, put the men through the bayonet drill so vigorously I hut more than one man was lui 11. But their wounds were not serious. Even more vigor was shown by tin men as they occupied tile trench line and. with their officers, went over the top In a charge, meeting dummy Ger mans on the way and finally,occupy ing the enemy trench. Anticipate Every Command. The men went furiously at the charge, urged on by the most emphatic language that a British sergeant major might he credited with having at Ins command. He shouted to his men< "Give it to 'em—In ttie heart, in the throat, that's the way. If you don't get them, they'll get you. On your tees all the time! Quick! Quick! Quick!" The urging for speed appeared en tirely unnecessary. The men knew what to do, and did it, and they were up if tile He ley at Ti so well trained that orders were an ticipated and executed almost simul taneously with the giving. The French and British nffici rs watching the exercises were enthusi astic, especially at the speed and en ergy of the Americans. Some of ttie graduates will be sent immediately to newly arrived units as Instructors. A new class in this school will begin at once. SUCCESS PORTUGAL REVOLT CONFIRMED Dr. Paes President of Pro visional Government. Madrid, Dec. 9.—Information re ceived by the Portuguese legation in Madrid Is confirmatory of previous ad vices that the revolutlonaly movement in Portugal had been successful. According to the legation's informa tion, the government, under Premier Costa, has been thrown from power md Dr. Sldinlo Paes. former Portu guese minister to Germany, has been made president of a provisional gov ernment. London, Dec. 9.—A Lisbon dispatch from the Havas correspondent says: "After three days' fighting the gov ernment. in order to avoid further bloodshed and discord In the army, de cided to concede the resignation or the ministry, which was the chief demand of tlie revolutionists, who were led by Dr. Sidonio Paes and Colonels Soares Branco and Alves Bogadas. It is re ported that Alfonso Costa, the former premier, lias been arrested at Guardn. ' American Air Program Is Nearing Realization Washington, Dec. 9.—Production of Liberty airplane motors on a quan tity basis actually has begun. Amer ican army aviators are In training on the fighting lines in Europe and the nation is within sight of realization of the great air fleet project mapped out since the United States entered the war. Figures cannot be published, but It became known today that members of the air board are satisfied that an other 60 days will see men and ma chines being turned out at a rate that insures the ultimate success of their plana. NUMBER DEATHS ! U.S. DESTROYER PLACED AT 66 Adtr.iral Sims Sends Further Details of Sinking by German U-Boat. BUT 44 MEN ABOARD ARE ACCOUNTED FOR of out American Boat Stumbled Into Path of Submarine; Hit Vital Spot. Washington. I...... from Vice Admiral lo unfold llu story oi Un- destroy"!- .1 not lessen the tell t 44 of 1 In or mon aboard are known 9. Further reports Sims today began oi the torpedoing cob Jones, but did ,1 ll\, s lost. I loll officers ami men to bai.- survived, Including on* unidentified man, picked up and carried off by the subma rine that struck the blow. Today's report added lo the list ol dead Ensign Stanton F. Kalk, a young if fleer whose name did not appear In tile first roster of the ship's company He died from exposure. Tile dis patches gave no further details of the scape of l.ientenat Commander Bag ley and the other survivors, but they ontatned the names of 17 of the res iled, in addition to those announced last night. Secretary Daniels Issued this statement: Daniel*' Statement. Additional information received from Vice Admiral Sims today reveals tli fact that 111" Jacob Jones was torpe doed at 4:12 p. m„ on December «. She began to settle aft and finally sank at 4:29. The submarine was not seen until some time after the ship sank. The submarine then picked up one sur vivor, whoso identity is not known. The destroyer was not so far from the European coast as was indicated by the first dispatches. "Gunner .Harry R. Hood, was killed Ti V the explosion of tIn- torpedo, next of kin. mother, Atlanta, On., Ensign S. F. Kalk, died of exposure. Ensign Kalk's name was not In the roster of officers published yesterday. His next of kin Is his mother, Omaha, Neb. "Twenty-seven additional names of survivors have hern received, bringing is thr It the total number saved up to 44. i elusive of the man taken prison"! tlie submarine." List of Survivors. Following are names of survivors ca bled by Admiral Sims today, in addi tion to tlie list previously published: Quartermaster Howard U. ('hase; Boatswain's Mates Charles ('liarles worth and Harry Louis Gibson; Gun ner's Mates Charles Chilton and Con rad Street; I'litcf Yeoman Joseph Ar thur Cossalrt; Chief Electrician Clif ford Demon de Forest; Electricians Clifton Grandford, Boyd Martell Hump and Terrell Read Wood; seamen Har old William Aagaard, Phillip Jacob Burger. Gustave Bulltz, Jr., Albert Lewis Everroid; fireman David Roy Carter and Patrick Henry Judge; mess attendant, Restitute Echon; carpen ter's mate, William Penn Hughes: hos pital attendant. Ernest ,11. Pennington; water tender. Edward Meier; appren tice seaman Isiwronce Hansen. The following survivors were not in the list of enlisted personnel given out yesterday : Seaman Chester S. Lauen, emergency address not given. Fireman Howard A. Moyer, White haven, Pa. Fireman Charles A. Mason, West Lynn, Mass. Officials here entertain little hope that more survivors will he found. Hit in Vital Spot. The report indicates that the craft stumbled into the path of tlie subma rine and I ha I (tie torpedo went home In such a vital spot that the vessel was sinking even as the flare of the explosion died out. Night was a hand There was no time to make provision against the cold and the se a us th* crew leaped to tlie life rafts. Many probably had dlo«l*\vith Gunner Hood in the explosion, or the steam bursts that undoubtedly followed. The U-boat commander made sun befere he exposed hlH craft that the destroyer had gone down. lie took no chances of a Inst shot from guns, which might send hint aryl ills vessel to their reckoning. Probably the single man saved by the subma rine was taken aboard because the submarine officer desired information as to tlie Identity of the vessel he had sunk. st her doe a will were tiles. in had of a up to in SUFFRAGE WORKER DIES. San Francisco, Dec. 9.—Dr. Margaret E. Colby, pioneer resident of this state and at one timp actively Identified with Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt and others, found in the aid of the suffragists in Wisconsin and northern Iowa, died at lier home in Berkeley, Cul., yesterday, at the age of 84 years. Profits Public to Know What Re tailer Makes on Food. Helena. Deo. 9.—Dr. Alfred At kinson of Bozeman, state food controller, who is in the city to night enroute to Great Falls to at tend a meeting of the wholesalers of the state, announced that an ef fort is to be made to inform the publie on wholesale prices through out Montana, beginning tomorrow. Flour, sugar, beans, rice and bacon arc among the articles se lected foi tile first nnnounc 'mo l. Which will tell the peopl " ex wluit flic retailers pay and let Judge whether th" ultimate is "profiteering." no: ly th- m prion CROSSED SOILS CAUSED DISASTER Captain l^amedoe of Mont Blanc Firm in Belief Col lision Responsible. Halifax, N. meats aboard thr ship became a terrihl ., Dec. 9. tiny Mont -Exciting mo ula ne before engine of de st ruction were described by several of her officers today. Captain Lame doe persistently lias refused to make a detailed statement. The inquiry of the admiralty court will he opened tomorrow. All those on board tlie iMont Rlanc escaped from the ship, lint three nu n were subsequently" wounded by projec tiles. une, a gunner, died today. A wireless operator struck by a bit of steel may die. The Injuries of th" third man were pot serious. The neu seemed still dazed by their experience, but one thought hold fast in their minds. That was that they had realized that tile explosion of 58*1 tons or trinitrotoluol (T. N. T.) would Spell disaster and in tlie moments Hint preceded it they laid menial pictures of frightful slaughter. Safety Was Impossible. "I have been in Hie war. I have been in front of German guns, but never before was there an explosion like tills." said one of the crew. H was worse than 160 shells. A shell will blow up a house, but tills blew up a city. ini" was safe nowhere. We were a mile away when tlie ship blew up and >• got three of ns." Captain Lamedor, though adhering to his purpose not to talk of the affair in detail, admitted that In Ids mind there was no question of the cause. Caused by Collision. The collision caused the explo sion." lie added. "There was no sign f fire previous to tlie moment the ship id. Tlie munition ship had lain outside he harbor Wednesday night and the next day was ordered to proceed to nehorage to Ledford basin. As she was passing through the narrows, the lief ship lino was moving out. Cap tain Lamedoe sal,| Hint In the narrow channel there was a mistake til the exchange of signals between the two ssi'ls. In maritime circles the opin ion seemed to be tonight that the Frenchman was at fault. The Mont Bln lie was struck on the larboard side and veered toward June. Captain Lnmedoc said that an Instant after the smash a gush of moke was seen Issuing from tlie ves el. lie gave orders for all hands to take to the hoots. Taking up the story at this point, an officer said: Position Was Desperate. "There were tanks of benzol and pie lie add aboard and we knew that the jar of Hie collision, causing a spark, had Ignited these chemicals among which tlie flames could burn only a w moments before they Spread to till' T. N. T. our small boats were nearly swamped In our efforts to escape. \\ < feared that the explosion would come before we could make the short boat trip to tlie shore and we pulled like desperate men. "On the beach we found a multitude watching the smoke arising from the abandoned ship. A few took warning and followed us. We made for the woods and were a mile Inland when the explosion let go. Our gunner was struck by a fragment of steel and fell mortally wounded. "The wireless operator, who with the gunner, had out-distanced the rest of us was next Lit by a piece of steel. Another man was struck by lilts of metal, but tils injuries were super ficial." Tlie cargo Included a large quantity of shells and ammunition. in New Division American Troops Reaches France in at With the American Army In France. Friday. Dec. 7.—By the Associated Press.—-A division of American troops, recently arrived in France, will begin regimental maneuvers Sunday and will lie trained In barrage fire, the Amer ican artillery working with American aviators. KALEDIRES AND (ORRILOFF JOIR IH DECLARATION Workmen's and Soldiers* Del egates Order Troops Against Cossacks. ITALY SUCCESSFUL STOPPING TEUTONS Mountain Passes Remain in Roman Possession After Bloody Battle. London, Doc. 9.—A proclamation to the Russian nation has been is sued by the Russian government announcing that "Kaledin** and Korniloff, assisted by the imperial ists and constitutional democrats, raised a revolt and declared war in the Don Cossacks' region against the people and the revolution." Evidently the first gun in the civil war which has been expected for weeks. The Workmen's and Soldiers* delegates have ordered the neces sary movements of troops against the counter revolution and issued decrees authorizing the local revo lutionary garrisons to "attack the enemies of the people without awaiting orders from the supreme authorities and forbidding any at tempts at mediation." No details of the uprising are at yet to hand, but the proclamation of the Bolsheviki government as serts that the Constitutional Dem ocrats and the Bourgeoise are aid ing the movement against the Leninite faction. The Cossacks, of whom Kaledmes it the leader, are famous as dashing fighters and in choosing Korniloff as his right hand man, Kaledines obtains a military man of unquestioned abil ity. of Italians Pul Stop to Teuton Efforts. Iliilian Army Headquarters, In Northern Italy, Saturday, Doc. S. 6 p. in By the Associated Press.— The bat ll" uf Ashign Is virtually suspended, willi tlie enemy checked, if not de feat€*il. In Ills main design of breaking through to the Brenta valley and the plain ii few miles below, although he succeeded In advancing his lines a short distance when the Italians fell' buck to new positions. These positions, guarding the Fran Z' lla und Giulena passes, have success fully resisted all enemy forces and the Italians on the steep heights on each side of the passes rain down artillery and rifle fire and release Inigo bould di is every tinny the enemy forces try to get through. This lias continued until the Italians so in reasonably assured of holding the liasses and compelling the enemy to look tor another line of approach. An exceptionally large air raid was rallied out yesterday with a fleet of l ui airplanes. Including Italian light and heavy squadrons. The huge fleet flew low, scattering more than 2,0.10 bombs, which caused extensive damage in tlie northern sector, where the en "ioy is assembling forces and supplies. Troop trains were scattered, railway depots destroyed and munition supplies blown up. Large fires marked the route of the raiders, Indicating the cx t"iit of the destruction. Little Activity on Other Fronts. r Utile infantry activity Is th prog ress ou I lie western front in France and Belgium, although mutual bom bardments are ensuing. The Germans hiiYi not yet decided again to offer battle lo General Byng's forces in their newly chosen positions on tlie Cambrai sector, although their artillery has shown considerable activity south of I'amlirai and in the regions of Moeuv roH and Banteux, la the Verdun sector tlie Germans made another attempt to pierce the French lino In the region of Be.aon vuux, luit were repulsed and suffered nsiderablo casualties. FROZEN NOSES THE RULE. Rockford, 111., Dec. 9.—Visits to en listed men's barracks at Camp Grant today established an estimate that ap proximately 200 men have suffered frozen noses or fingers in the zero weather of the last two days. The minimum temperature recorded has been six below but a stiff west wind lias made the men believe the cold more severe. NO AMERICANS KILLED. Halifax, X. S.. Dee. 9.—No Ameri cans were killed in the explosion, ac cording to reports received by Rthel bert Watts, American consul general.