ALL the news
**êüery day tram
k ivery Where.
is the *oid reliable*
VOL.XLIV. NO. 271.
MISSOULA, MONTANA, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 26, 1918.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
MURDERS NEPHEW FOR WOMAN
Huns Flatly Reject United States Peace Terms
-y , » -■ .. : __ = - ___________________ _____ __
ASK PATENT LAW
TO LET FARMERS
BUY SEED WHEAT
County Officials Want State
Homesteaders toGet Aid
FOR 1919 MEETING
Officers Adjourn Convention
After Hearing Forceful
Resolutions calling upon congress to
r neourago emergency crop production
in Montana by granting patents to
homesteaders resident on their claims
for a year or more so that they may
borrow money for the purchase of seed,
an<l the adoption oy the assessors of
a new schedule of property valuation
were the most important actions taken
yesterday at the closing session of the
four-day convention held here by Mon
tana county officers.
Livingston, by a unanimous vote, was
chosen as the. seat of the 1919 conven
tion, which will be held January 22, 23,
24 and 25. Havre was placed in nomi
nation, but received no second.
Hear Important Speechei.
During the general sessions of the
last'day of the convention the officials
hea rd :
Kxtension of the public school
system urged by Miss May
Tromper, state superintendent of
Kmployment by counties of
school nurses and physicians rec
ommended by Dr. VV. F. Coggswell,
secretary of the state board of
Conservation of fuel explained
and asked by State Fuel Adminis
The success of the workmen's
compensation law in affording
justice and eliminating the "ambu
lance chaser" made clear by A. K.
Spriggs Of the state industrial
Food saving and food production
demanded as a war measure by
Meeting by groups the delegates fin
ished up routine business and prepared
adjournment which came late
Patents to Increase Crops.
The resolution requesting the grant
of patents to bona Tide homesteaders
came as a result of an appeal repeat
edly voiced during the convention by
state and county officers. Speakers
pointed out that unless the 45.000 Mon
tana homesteaders are given the pat
ents which will enable them to borrow
money, few of them will be able to
put in crops this year.
Approximately 15,000,000 will be
needed this spring to buy seed grain
and/eed for farmers in distress. Most
of these farmers are homesteaders
without patent and therefore not eli
itlhle to borrow from the state's $2,000,
ono farm loan fund or from the special j
funds which many Montana counties
purpose creating by bond Issues. !
Committee to Washington. j
To press the needed legislation the |
county official* asked Governor Stew
art. Lieutenant Governor McDowell. |
Attorney General Ford and two mem
bers of the state defense council to go
at onee to Washington. They also
called upon all interested citizens to
urge their representatives to act for
the national good in the food emer
Bettor Rural Delivery.
In another resolution the commis
sioners. acting alone, asked the post
office department to abate the rule
requiring that there be four heads of
families to each mile of a rural de
livery' route exceeding ten miles in
length. This rule, they said, is retard
ing the development of certain por- !
tions of eastern Montana. They asked '
that the rule be changed to permit ,
rural delivery where two heads of t
families are served by each mile of
Also the county commissioners
lected a committee of five to confer
with the bankers of the state in He).
ena next Monday regarding farm loans
Xor tire purchase of seed grain.
Valuation Schodulo Mad*.
The new schedule of valuations, upon
whloh sub-committees of the assessors
worked ail week, were completed
roughly yesterday and approved. They
wrffl be- assembled and tabulated at
rnce by James H. Stewart of Meagher
county, secretary of the assessors.
The classification of property, it was
announced, will not be changed, and
....... . ■ - ■
, ICmUbmB OB rag« Eight)
Packers Made Effort
to Defeat U. S. Inquiry
Federal Agent Unearths Sensational Evidence Revealing
Information That Meat Concerns Attempted
to Thwart Government Probe.
Washington, Jan. 25.—Activities be- |
hind tiie scenes in Washington during
agitation in 1916 for an investigation
into the livestock and packing indus
try wen- revealed today in correspond
ence taken from the confidential files
of Swift & <'o., of Chicago, showing
the efforts of the big lackers to de- j
feat an\ inquiry into their business.
The correspondence was introduced
at the resumption of the federal trade
commission's Investigation which was
transferred abruptly from the middle
west, when Walter Twombly. an agent
of the commission, unearthed from the
Swift files documents regarded as of
such sensational Import that Francis
J. Honey, special (-«tinsel and his as
sistants hurried here from Chicago to
put the discoveries into the official
During the period covered by the
correspondence there were ponding in
congress resolutions introduced by
Representatives Borland of Missouri
and Doolittle of Kansas, proposing in
quiry into conditions of livestock mar
keting which cattlemen had charged
permitted (he packers to manipulate
the market as they chose. A report
on the situation made by counsel to |
ONE MAN REPORTED KILLED
WHEN FREIGHT IS WRECKED
One trainman wae reported to be
killed and two severely injured
early this morning when an east
bound Northern Pacific freight
train crashed into a rock slide
near St. Regia. Only meager re
ports were received and these
stated that a number of Cara wars
derailed. One trainman is miss
ing and officials at the Northern
Pacific believed he was buried un
der the contents of a coal car.
Forecast—Clearing and colder
Saturday; cold wave at Helena;
Sunday, fair and continued cold.
At 6 a. m.
At 6 n. m. ............
kind of weathi
ended up the
...... .. ......_.........38
..................... .. 34
little bit of every
yesterday and finally
y with a drop in the
eral degrees. The
■older last nlEht and
ted to more cold
Sf. 1 ,*"".". .
FROM OTHER POINTS.
Cyclone and Tidal Wave
Wrecks Australian Town
Sydney. V S. W., Jan. 25.—-The town
ot Mackay In Queensland* haa been
overwhelmed by a cyclone, which pro
duced a tidal wave and flood condl
,lrn s. Heavy loss of life Is feared,
Fourteen bodies have been recovered,
There is a call for assistance. Prop
ert >' damage was heavy, especially to
«docks of sugar of which more than
000,000 worth was stored in the
„ ,, ......
Half Million D&llt&ge UOIIC
Dob;-,«,. Ok:« D|._i„
111 BalUnKWe Ship FUUltS
Baltimore. Jan. 25.—The big ship
building plant of the Henry Smith &
Sons Co. at Curtis Bav was fired to
day about the same time that the
Oella Cotton Duck mills in Baltimore
county, near Ellicott City, were burned,
Both concerns were engaged upon
government rentrant*. The loss to the
shipbuilding company is estimated at
half a million. The loss to the mill is
G. F. Swift. Jr., and other officers of
the firm, said:
"I believe the situation to lie serious
and recommend that everything bo
done in every direction to head off the
present movement. We believe that as
^t stands today, nothing could stop
él imina I prosecutions."
Would Hush Probe.
In addition to working in Washing
ton. the packers went to the source of
the agitation for an inquiry. Their
records showed they were kept In
formed of ihe plans ol tin American
Livestock association by T. W. Tom
linson. secretary, and made their prep
arations to nullify the association's
work. In addition, educational work
was undertaken at the association's
eon -entions and counsel recommended
that the packers assist conservative
elements in tiie various associations to
gain control and hush the opposition.
Immediately after the Borland reso
lution was introduced in congress, ac
cording to the records, Armour, Swift
and Morris arranged to oppose It.
Later Cudahy was asked to Join them
because it was suggested the counsel
for the firm bad "powerful acquaint
ances" in Washington.
«Continued on Page Three.!
U. S. Soldier Shot in Hitter
Battle Waged by Infantry
1-71 Paso, Jan. 25.- For an hour and
4 ■ minutes tonight American and
Mexican soldiers exchanged shots
across the Hio Grande near the Santa
Fe International bridge in the southern
section of K1 Paso. Upwards of 500
shots were exchanged, one American.
Private Linn, an infantryman, was
struck in the hip by a bullet. One
Mexican, who was directing the fire
from the Mexican side of the river,
was seen to topple from his horse.
According to the officer in command
cf the infantry company Die firing
commenced when several groups of
Mexicans, supposed to have been
smugglers, attempted to cross the
river, it is not clear whether the first
shots came from the Mexican or the
On t lie Mexican side the soldiers
kept up a constant fire, apparently di
rected at the custom house and' the
immigration service station at the
American end of the bridge.
U. S. Troop* Prepared.
The soldiers of tiie American bridge
guard returned the fire briskly, shoot
ing whenever they could discern g
moving figure on the opposite bank of
the river and at the flashes of their
At 11 o'clock the firing ceased, the
Mexicans retiring toward the business
center of Juarez.
The shooting caused intense excite
ment in South EX Paso, which Is in
habited almost entirely by Mexicans.
The officer in charge of military head
quarters at Juarez declined to make
any statement over the telephone.
CAUSED ARMY DEATHS
Surgeon Reports Camps in
Better Shape Now.
Washington, Jan. 25.—From Sur
geon General Gorgas the senate mili
tary committee today »ought light upon
health and sanitary conditions in the
army, resuming it» investigation sus
pended a few days ago to present the
re-organizatlon legislation about which
centers the committee row with the
General Gorgas reiterated that the
crowding of men in the cantonment«
and camp« not ready to receive them,
was largely responsihle for the epi
demics of disease which have raged at
some of the posts. He agreed with
other officers who have preceded him
on the stand, however, as to the neces
sity for hurried training.
Hospital construction was stopped
last summer that barracks might be'
erected faster, he explained, arm no
«amp hospital is complete now. though
sanitation conditions are improving,
as shown by recent mortality reports.
KAISER WILL NOT
YIELD TO FRANCE
Germany Determined to Hold
AH Territory Conquered
in Former Wars.
AMERICA SEES LITTLE
HOPE FOR SETTLEMENT
Von Hertling Fails to Meet
President's Demand on
CENTRAL POWERS REPLY.
1— Von Hertlmg replies to
peace aims of President Wil
ton and Premier David Lloyd
George in an address before
2— Count Czernin, Austro
Hungarian minister of foreign
affairs, tnswsn allies' peace
proposals, speaking before the
Austrian dategatlon in the
3— Washington sees very lit
tle hope for immediate peace
m the repliee of the central
Washington. Jan 25 No advance
toward peace is seen here in the
speeches made yesterday in Berlin and
Vienna by the German elianeellor and
Austrian foreign minister, upon the
war alms of (he central powers.
Formal comment will lie withheld
until tin- texts are put out by an au
thorized German agency, but after
reading press accounts of the speeches
officials expressed the opinion thul
they were framed largely for internui
consumption with the incidental pur
pose to plant seeds of discord among
tiie allies tiy suggestions of separate
negotiations, and to appeal lo the sym
IMttliies of the radical Socialist ele
ments in the enemy'« countries.
Regarding the design to affect Hie
Internal conditions of Germany and
Austria, one official suggested that the
striking differences of tone in the I wo
notes, the German being almost de
fiantly aggressive, and the Austrian
compromising and insinuating, were
calculated precisely to meet the vary
ing conditions in the two empires In
Germany, strengt hetied by tin* Russian
collapse resulting in the transfer of
vast forces from the eastern to the
western front tiie militaristic party is
In the aseeiidnney and the chancellor
abandoning (lie conciliatory attitude he
Occupied when he assumed office, ap
parently voices the will of ttie mili
In Austria, tlie- working people are
reported in incipient rebellion and tiie
demands for peuo ni almost any price
are insistent and clamorous This is tiie
explanation found here for the foreign
ministers vague promises of is-uee
without annexations or Indemnities,
and his special bid for negotiations di
rect from America.
it is noted, however, that Hie
»lieeches are Inter-dependent ; that
Austria will not negotiate without Ger
many's consent and approval, and that
Germany gives her sanction to what
lias lieen done in America. Both
spokesmen express confidence In tiu
sucoess of the peace negotiations with
Russia iu contrast to the bitter denun
ciation of the conduct of the Teutons
by 1-eon Trotsky, the Bolshevik min
Ister for foreign affairs. This atti
tude officials and diplomatists believe
to be the result of apprehension that
the confession at this moment of the
failure of tiie Brest-Lltovsk negotia
tions would exa»i»erate the German and
Austrian publics lieyond the safety
In some quarters there was a dis
position to find a grain of hope in the
concession by both speakers that there
were points In the utterances of Lloyd
George and ('resident Wilson that
might he acceptable to the Germanic
powers and afford the basis of further
j discussions. But other officiais In
sisted that this was only another dem
onstration of the truth of ('resident
Wilson's statement in bis address to
congress, that it was the practice ot
German diplomacy to mislead by de
claring adherence to large principles
and then neutralize them by insistence
ui>on details of quite another charac
The present belief of the official*
j is that there is not the slightest prob
ability of a compliance by the United
States and the allies with the final de
mand of the German chancellor for the
submission by them of new proposais
Basel. Switzerland, Jan. 25.—Count
Czernin. the Austro-Hungarian minis
(Continued on Page Four.ji
Germany's Reply to Wilson
Peace Terms of U. S. and Evasive Responses of Kaiser's
Spokesman Compared, Point by Point.
President Wilson's peace ton
Oil January s. I.ast Thursday, a
discussed the terms, .ills replies
many, are printed below, opposite Hi
I open covenants of peace, without
Interna I louai n ndei standings
2. Absolute freedom of the seas in
peace or war. except as they may
closed by international action
3. Removal of all economic bur
tiers and establishment of equality of
trading conditions among the nations
consenting to pence and associating
themselves for Its maintenance.
4• Guarantees for the reduction of
national armaments to the lowest | oint
consistent with democratic safety
Imperial adjustment of colonial
da Inis based upon the principle that
the peoples concerned have an equal
right With the Interest of the govern
6 ICvacuation of Russian territory
and opportunity for Russia's political
7. I'vucuation of Belgium without
any attempt to limit her sovereignty.
8. All French territory to lie freed
and restored, with reparation for the
taking of Alsaee-Lorraine.
9. Re.adjustment of Italy's frontiers
nlong elenrly recognized lines of nn
19. Greatest opportunity for the
autonomous developments of the peo
ples of Austria - Hungary.
11. Kvaountlon of Rumania. Serbln
and Montenegro, yvllli access to the sea
for Merida, and international guaran
tees of economic and political Inde
pendence and territorial Integrity of
the Balkan states.
12. Secure sovereignty for Turkey's
portion of the Ottoman empire, tint
with other nationalities under rub as
suring security of Ilf«- and opportunity
for autonomous development, with the
Dardanelles permanently opened to »II
13. Kstahltshmcnt of the independ
ence of the polish state. Including ter
ritory- Inhabited by indusputablv Pol
ish population with free access to the
sen and political and economic In
dependence and territorial Integrity
guaranteed bv international covenant.
14. General .association of nations
under specific covenants fur mutual
guarantees of political independence
and territorial integrity to bilge and
small states alike.
FIRST STEPS TAKEN
IN COAL ZONE PLAN
Garfield Divides Country in
Washington. Jan. 25.—Division of the
country's bituminous coal fields Into 29
districts as the first step toward in
stituting a zone system of coal distrl
bution is under way by the fuel a«4
mlfdst rat Ion. Boundaries for seven of
the districts already have been cstah.
lishi-d and Fuel Administrator Gar
field has named a representative in
With the aid of the railroad admin
istration the fuel administration will
next define consuming districts, each
to lie supplied from one of the produc
ing districts. Joint committee work
ing on the problem probably will an
nounce a definite zonlnz plan within a
Distribution by zones has been suc
cessfully tried out In Kngiand. offi
cials say It will work Just as well
everywhere, saving thousand* of miles
of transportation and insuring the
speediest possible movement of eoai
from mine to consumer.
Russians Refuse Passport
to Member of U. S. Embassy
Stockholm. Jan. 25.—The Bolshevik's
government foreign representative In
Stockholm has refused to grant a vise
to the passport of Livingston Phelps,
third secretary of the American rm
l»as«y in Petrograd, who desires to re
turn to his post. Mr. Phelps rame to
Stockholm recently with his wife ar.d
intended to leave her here and return
re presented in Ids address in congress
Ing the reichstag. Fount von llcrillng
Indicated by | less dlspatehcs from Ger
erienn i rnponnls.
agreement i an lie
vlthout dll I le ill u
it difficulty "
-, ■ ngreiq
4 ' \n agreement can In obtained
i'lllii ni I difficuliy."
'Some difficulties will lie met
6. "Tiie evacuation of Russian terri
tory Is a question which concerns only
Russin and the central powers."
7. "Germany has never demanded
I be Incorpora lion of Belgium territory
8. "Thu question of northern France
can bo discussed only by France anil
Germany. There can be no talk of the
cessation of Alsace-Lorraine, which
yvits originally German territory. Inter
criminally wrung from her."
9. "Tiie answer resls In the first
place with Austria, and where Ger
man Interests arc concerned they will
be defended energetically." *
10. Covered In No, 9.
II. "Germany docs not wish nnnex
illons by violence." otherwise coy
•red In No. 9.
12. "I cannot foreiell Turkey's alii
tude. Turkey's Integrity and the safe
ty "f her capital are closely connected
with the question of the slralts, which
are also of important and vital Inter
est to Germany ."
13. "Tiie state of Poland will lie
determined hy Germany and Austria
14. "When all other questions have
been decided. Germany will he ready
to Illsiiiss Die question ot u league for
British Say Hun Offers
Throw Lijfht on Character
The fust Imprei
► Ion that
< 'ha nee
von Hert ling's
■n and the
Hi 1)4 tllJlt
vs a search
lift ht for
Orr man i
the kind of
1 wit h n
(y are deal
mm y was given by the German negotia
tions with the Bolshevik delegates at
Brest-Lltovsk when tin- Germans de
clared themselves in perfect accord
yyltlt a policy of no annexations or in
demnities, coupling this platform with
terms which knocked all tiie piops
from under If.
New Subscription Rates
of The Daily Missoulian
Effective February /, igi8
12 Months in Advance............
6 Months in Advance..............
.......... 4.25 >
3 Months in Advance..............
1 1 Month in Advance..............
..........75 , j
FIGHT TO DEATH
IN LONELY CABIN
'Arthur Soule Shoote, Then
Clubs to Death Young
FINDS WIFE WITH
MAN IN HIS HOME
Accuses Ben Soule of Evil
Relations With Aunt;
Catching tils wife and Benjamin H.
Soule, Ids young nephew. In whgt he
considered Improper Intimacy, Arthur
Soule, a rancher living near Thompson
Falls, yesterday afternoon dhot the
younger man and then clubbed him to
dentil lifter a grim gun duel.
With only the accused woman an
witness to their buttle, uncle and
nephew fought to the death In Ben
Soule's lonely little cabin In the hills
below Thompson Fnlls.
While the frightened wife of the
older riling In panic to the wail the two
men, crouching behind such shelter ns
the lia re room afforded, shot at each
other until both lay wounded.
Clubs Btn to Dssth.
Then, creeping across the room with
a shattered shoulder hindering him.
the old man clinched with his nephew,
whom he had crippled with a shot
through the leg, In a death grapple.
Slowly he mastered him. At last,
raising tiie butt of his rifle overhead,
he dealt killing blows upon the younger
man and turned away.
Ben Soule was not dead when his
unrip staggered from the cabin. But
the help of the frightened woman failed
lo keep him alive. He died before
Arthur Soule, his shoulder broken by
a bullet. walked to his ranch ns best
he could. He ntnrt«>d for town In a
sleigh, but was picked up, finally, by
Finie Boss of Thompson Fnlls, and
rushed lo a hospital In thnt town,
where he Is now lying.
Wo man Tails Broken Story.
II Is a broken story which Mrs. Ar
thur Snub- I ells of the duel. In mortal
fear of a bullet which should end her
own life, she saw the death struggle
between her husband and his brother's
son, ns through u haze. Last night
sin- wnold hardly speak of It for terror
j and gtlef. She could only reiterate
. that she and Ben were Innocent; that
Arthur, her husband, had wronged
This she kept repeating Inst night,
pointing In her seven children os'evi
dence that she could never have for
gotten her responsibilities.
The story, as gathered from the
frightened woman and Arthur Soule's
children, seems to be that the older
man came home yesterday to learn that
his wife had gone to young Ben's cabin,
a mile and a half away. Taking down
Ids rifle, a 45-70, lie ran down the road
toward his nephew's place. His wife
and young Ben were In the cabin to
The old man accused them of evil,
and without waiting he attacked the
younger mnn with his fists.
Fight Gun Dual in Cabin.
During the fight which followed, tho
nephew coni rived to get hold of his re
volver. He shot the old man through
the b fi shoulder, then grazed hi* fore
luad with another bullet before Ar
thur could find cover.
From opposite sides of the room the
two watched for a chance to get a fatal
shut. lh<- old man holding his rifle, the
nephew armed with the revolver,
j Arthur Soule finally hit his nephew
I in the leg. breaking It and dropping his
j foe to the floor. Then, with one arm
I useless, the old man leaped upon the
] younger and clubbed him Into Insensl
He staggered home, gut into a sleigh
fContinued on Page Five.)
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