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THE DAHY MISSOULIAN
ESTABLISHED 1873 MONDAY, FEBRUARY 4,. 1918. A TIP TO BOURQUIN. Our valued contemporary, the Lewis town Democrat-News ob serves : The government of the United States needs either some new laws Governing the crime of espionage and sedition or some new federal judges to interpret those whicli are already on the statute books. We like botli suggestions and make bold to add another. Witli a few weeks of intensive winter before us, we wonder whether Judge Bourquin would not like to change benches with a federal judge of Guam or Porto Rico. A change of air might benefit everybody. There are few reports of German plots in our colonies which arc delight fully located for relief from the trying winter climate of this lati tude. On the other hand, there may he a territorial judge so charged with the red blood of pa triotism that lie would welcome the opportunity to sit in judg ment on such cases as that id' tin' Rosebud county man who cursed our president, expressed the hope of German victory and was dis charged by Judge Bourquin on a nicely balanced and very delicate interpretation of the espionage law. Süch a judge might give Uncle Sam the benefit of the doubt, at least. We even think that the mothers and wives of Montana who are sending their sons and husbands to die in the trenches of France, might he persuaded to meet and send to Attorney Gen eral Gregory engrossed resolu tions containing the suggestion, as outlined. By good fortune, the war might end before Judge Bourquin returned. Otherwise, there would he no complaint, it lie prolonged his visit. As the Democrat-News ob serves, the Rosebud case empha sizes the difficulties of United States District Attorney Wheeler, but we would like Wheeler hot ter, if he had come squarely into the center of the ring last sum mer and said that he would re sign his office, rather Ilian eon tinue under such discouraging conditions. Mr. Wheeler has his own reputation to protect and. we are a little surprised lliat, as matter of self justice, he does not tell the publie why his olTiet sfiows a record of so little accom plishment as compared with tin records of federal prosecutors in districts of far less importance than Montana and inhabited by far fewer disloyalists and detain ers of the flag. We would not stand in awe of a judicial robe in such a situation. of A MISSOULA JOB. The suggestion recently made by the Billings Gazette that a fire-fighting organization of Poly technic Institute students be called the Mavericks, in memory of the city's famous pioneer hose company, should lie of more than local interest. All Montana cities might wisely take the same atti tude toward the preservation oU names with historical signifi cance. It is not at all strange that a state like ours should have been less careful than others of its history and traditions. The past is the concern of leisure; Mon tana has been too busy extending branches to give much thought to roots. But the fact that ttiis care lessness is natural makes it no less lamentable. The time will come when Montana will wish for the rieh suggestiv amess ni storied names, only h> find her streams and streets, her towns and lulls, hopelessly identified with meaningless Idles. If Ihe romantic past of the state is to be kept, fresh in the mind» of future generations, now is the, lime to make reminders ol our place names. Missoula is fortunate above most cities of the state in having escaped ^misnaming. The . dy's lndiaij name is not only musical but also suggestive m the battles which were fought here before the white man came. In Hell Gate, too, is a reminder of day when whoops more fearful than a locomotive's filled the narrow, scowling canyon cast of the city. Lucky escapes are these two names from tlie epidemic of un inspired nomenclature which af flieted most Montana cities. Bui Missoula people have added little to the loginning which chance made for them. Glance, if you will, at the city's street names! Where the Prussian instinct to systematize has not produced drab series of First, Seconds, Thirds, a more familiar instinct has caused forgotten promoters to leave their names upon the ad ditions they platted and sold. 'There arc exceptions, it is true. Our principal street is properly named HiggSus avenue after one of the city's first residents. We have,a Wooidy »treel and a Wor den avenue, a Toole avenue and a McCormick street. But these are rare ease» in a dreary waste of Pines, and Polks and Jumbos and Pacifies—trees, presidents, cir euse* and elementary geogra phies drawn upon when history and tfte original Indian names ot ter a wealth of suggestive and euphonic words. One limy go out to point out our Waterworks hill (a masterpiece of stupidity), nur Squaw peak, our RaltN'snake creek, our Nine Mile road. The list is as long a.» one's patience. Kven the Stale University lias il M tin Hall. Sci ence Hall, 6 *H|e gymnasium'' and "the library,") with Craig Hall giving the only evidence of ap preciation ofTkmic values. It is not too lain for Missoula change. Stone day it will. As to the (lesi/nihilily of change there can he little argument. Leaving out of consideration the nt preaerving famous by applying them In ami hills and rivers, i- it sihle that place names in Ihc lives nl plaec-dvvel incril names (reels not p0' fhienei iers? One eamiol doubl Hint as "Mis mhr' our city has been happier than if ils first settlers had called it .lonesville. Why, then, should not a man he more blessed on Chariot avenue than on South First street, east? THE HAY FOB GIANTS. Under Ihe suggestive lille of "Standing pat on two jacks," the ferring to Baker and.MeAdoo, the Red LodgetPickel strikes squarely at the root of things, in these words : Mr. Wilson's cabinet was se lected for political considerations. Neither Bryan, Danielt\ Burleson, nor Baker can be accounted for on any nttier hypothesis. As for Mr. Bryan's successor, Mr. Lansing, the gentleman was an after thought, a fact which may be ac cepted without argument. None of the men named can be considered (lie strongest in tin» land. Tho blindest follower of the president would not claim them to bo. And yet the ship of state is passing through a terrible, storm witli these men at the throttle and the wheel while powerful men stand by to lend a hand at the nod of (he master. Compare Baker with Har rison; Daniels with Theodore Roosevelt, or Burleson with VVill Uam H. Taft! Wilson is using pygmies when giants are at Ids dlsposuB The Picket adds in a dispassion ate way that President Wilson wants only lliose men alunit him whom he can dominate. We might consent to that view if we knew that Mr. Wilson was a Na poleon at the war business. As il is, we are doubtful, and tu he on the safe side, we approve the no tion that lire president should bring Ihe giaiils into (lie game and drop Ihe pygmies. American C<i>al Miners May S<Tve in France No one can say when tho fighting to drive the Gormans out of the coal fields of Northern .Franco, of which Isms is I tic most productive center, will bo crowned with success, hut it is expected that. American mining en gineers will follow close on tlie heels of lho victorious allies, even though our troops aie not on (hat fighting front. The control of tho region by armies of ihe kaiser shuts off French Industry from most of Its domestic supply of coal. Il is certain that, tho Gormans will completely wreck tho fine, modern equipment of the mines before they arc compelled to retreat, so an ar rangement is now bring made between our own and French governments to have American engineers begin the work of restoration tho moment that (lie advance of the allied lines makes il possible. Regiments of skilled min cis, either volunteers or men included In the draft, will followly closely, i"inmanded by experienced milling men, nions' of whom have already of lered their sei sices. A group of New V nrk capitalists lias offered to pay the cost of tin* venture. l 'ou I operators argue that miners rammt l„ spared, hut. only a com para lively small number of the 7&0.000 in 1'ir- country would lie taken. The i hie. I would be to assist, not to take 'In pin,- - ei (lie French miners, and U" .ms , h 1 age pi us noulii be direct, i s. is additional ton of coal mined In Franc, reduces the quantity which ss e mist send abroad for our allies, and also the vast amount which Eng land must ship across ttie channel, 'l ids im-,ms that ships—the determin ing faciei- in (hr winning of the war— could be n leased for the transport of other vital supplies. THEY all mean well. "What's the matter'"* asked the young doctor of a patient who seemed extremely pessimistic regarding his chances. "Oh, I don't know, doctor; but 1 feel that 1 shall never pull through here." "Nonsense, my boy, nonsense! Why. your ease is absolutely the same as an illness I had a year ago. Yet, look at me—strong and hearty a* ever!" •'Yes," replied the patient. "but then I expect you had a good doctor.''—San Antonio Light, LETTERS FROM THE MISSOULIAN FAMILY The Mistoulian invite« letter« from it» readers on all topioe of interest. The signatures and ad dresses of correspondents should be sent as evidence of good faith, though anonymous signatures may be sent for the letters as printed, if desired. All communication« should be limited to 200 words and addressed to the editor. | Conscription of Cash. Kdltur MlssouIlan: Niike to read the Missoulinn. 1 en joy the editorials. To my way of thinking, if wo had a lot more men with back bone to think right and wrong and express views as tills editor does, tilings would lie different. I feel il • my duty as an American citizen to, say a few words to ask my fellow countrymen to think over con liUiuis that are before us. We sec- on the letters which we receive from our boys, "Food will win the war; don't ante;" again we see that county com missioners from all over our stale meet In Missoula to try and arrange some way in raise money to buy seed grain. Also. I had a message from Minneapo lis and St. Paul that the bankers of those cities had arranged meetings will) bankers in .Helena and in Mon tana to ask the commissioners lo meet with them. I understand I heir dis cussing was for each county to ar range its own security, and they would furnish money, but they had to have the security. Here is a ques tion: If it is right- which I think it is to conscript our boys, is it not right to conscript money to hack our hoys up In the trenches. Wc hear I tie food cry from all countries. Why should we bo compelled to spend money trying to arrange security for seed? If the government is taking a chance on the farmers in these dis tressing times, why not have the gov eminent furnish the seed? Why not our government plow up a lot of fer tile land and put In crops? Why don't the bankers and ttie big men of (lie country go into the farming busi ness? Why should we (rifle with this farming business unill wc go into the ditch as we have witli ilie coal witli winter? Why should the government, put a price of $2,00 on wheal? Why should I lie steel corporations lnakr nearly $8.000,000 from our war ma terial? Ts It right for our hoys % give up their lives In protection of an" Institution like this. If not, let us think up some way to correct It. In 1014 Iho cotton growers of the south appealed to our government for aid. Their answer was that supply and demand ruled the price on cotton Now we hear a rumor that they wunt to set a price on cotton. The farmers come hack and refer them to tlie 1014 discussion. If it 1 h nil right for Hie farmer to cut the price, why not trim the steel corporation? We must replace some of these men at Washington this fail and in 1 »20 Let us lie suro to get men whom vvi think will represent the people, and not altogether themselves. One of the liest talks I have listened to in a long time was at the courthouse last week from Mr. Dixon. There is anothc gentleman here whom I have met and whom I admire, and that is Mr. Par sons. That jnan has convictions and is not afraid to express them. We need men to lead us that will stand for everything that is right, and big enough to turn down the wrong tilings, no matter how tempting they may lie There is a lot more 1 would like to say. but will stop for tills time, need a Moses. Talk to your wife about It. She may help to find him l>. II. WATSON, Stephens Avo., Missoula, Mont. Picks Flaws in Peace Program. Editor Missoulinn The "German Reply l" Wilson" your issue of .lanuary 26. and your editorial ol the same date " \ Waiting Game," 'both serve lo accentuate ont of tho weak points In the peace pro posais of President Wilson. I refc to the apparent stipulation, read by tin' light of the Russian revelation ol secret agreements among the allies thnl Alsace-1 aura tno lie returned to France, in order "to right ttie wrong done l.iy Prussia In 1X71" and the sug gested "readjustment of tho frontier of Italy." Without venturing to contest the de sirnhllity of these terms (although it may be remarked In passing, that the "wrong" of 1X71 was the still greater wrong of 18 X 1 . when Louis XIV cap tilled Strasburg in time of peace) w may ask, are, we in the position to make these demands, which might be met by tlie central powers basing their peace claims upon llio restoration by England and France of conquered ter ritory in Africa—and elsewhere -to their former rulers and on our return ing Texas to Mexico and tlie Philip pines to Spain? The disposition of Alsace-Lorraine, and tlie straighten ing of Italy's frontiers seem to he with out our jurisdiction and should l»e de cided by the inhabitants of the dis puted sections otherwise arc we not engaging to prolong this inhuman slaughter for the purpose of acquiring territory—not for ourselves, to be sure —but for our allies? There is another paragraph in tlie peace program Which a Socialist won' I like to liavo more definitely stated. Mr. Wilson asks In Article 4. that "adequate guarantees be given and taken that national armaments lie re duced to the lowest points consistent with domestic safety." Kurl, Liebknecht, in his lecture on militarism, which resulted in ids being sentenced to four years' imprisonment at hard labor, says that governments maintain standing armies to protect themselves from exterior and interior foes. Mr. Wilson evidently does not apprehend danger from without our borders; what enemy is there witlt'n so dangerous thut It can furnish an excuse for tho continuance of mili tarism? Karl Ltcliknceht says that this in ternal menace, under the rule of capi talism, is the working class. In other words "mercenaries.'' as Liebknecht Sleepless Nights! Copyright, 1917, by The Press Publishing Co. (The New York Evening World.) By J. H. Cassel m i) *T "jf Ui:} /f Æ fi m m ? Ik r & * » it/ r DC / / w V 0 m J Ï /3 G£KMAM Peo pa e *3 7 J : & rs A 25 Years Ago What Missoula Was Doing on This Date in 1893. Mrs. W. M. Bickford charmingly en tertained lady friends at lier beautiful residence on tin- smith side yesterday at progressive euchre and f> o'clock tea. The Bitter Root county bill is ex pected to come up in the senate today, having got through the house yester day with no other amendments than the changing of tlie name from Bitter Root to Ravalli. It. Loo McCulloch is hack front a brief business trip to 1 leidig At a regular meeting of tho Missoula fire department held last evening the annual election of officers was hold with tlie following results: It. S. Mon strum, chief; I'. I*. Pierce, treasurer, AI Wenrlch, secretary; George Beck with, foreman of ttiu hose com pan y . denominates them, must ho cm ployed lo keep the majority of thu people in subjection to tho ruling minoti*> it tlie present industrial system is to bo maintained. in writing the foregoing I am actu ated by no spirit of captious criticism 1 have faith In Mr. Wilson's sincer ity of purpose, and appreciate his faultless diction: but its liberality of tone, and tho elegant English in which it. is expressed, should not so hypno tize us that we can detect no flaws In this othorwish admirable peace pro gram. A democratic peace, can never lie. as sured until the general public tinder stands and approves of Its terms, und to arrive at an understanding that will admit of their approval. Its terms should bo freely discussed. Finally, any Jieaee program dictated solely by the bourgeoisie, will prove a menace to labor. MARTHA ElHlHRTti.V l'l.ASSM ANN. Union of Churches. Editor Missouliaiv Your editorial tin uNRor morning on union church services was very much to the point. Why should tiny com munity in war time lie asked to sup port four or five churches, not one of which has an income to provide a de cent living for its pastor, to say noth ing of ttie running expenses of tlie church? T do not say that this ap plies to Missoula where the churches, us a rule, are prosperous and well at tended. But certainly there are many small towns In Montana where the congregations could unite, employ a really able minister who could bring people to him and make them better citizens. This war has proved that there is something more important in religion than the narrow creeds that have been in vogue for years and are liberalized from time to time, to hold congregations that are slipping away. Are tlie great preachers of America the ones who elucidate and explain and extol these creeds? Not at all. They are men who see the broad spirituality of religion and make their appeal from that standpoint. This war is devel oping a get-together movement of tho American people. An excellent b> - product would he a similar movement of some of the churches. It would be good religion as well as good business. A MISSOULIAN READER. Americans Under Fire By Albert Payson Terhune A Izost Hat That Ix'd to a Hattie. t*ne of tilt 1 t onfederacy's most dashing cavalry loaders was General "Job'' Stuart. And one oi ".leb" Stuart's most cherished possessions was a hand some gray felt cavalry hat (worth perhaps $2o in United States money and several hundred dollars in Confederate currency.) In the skirmishing that kept »northern Virginia agog in the summer of 1X62, Stuart spent a night at a farmhouse beyond tho Confederate lines. He had only- a handful of men witli him. A regiment of Union cavalry learned of his presence there and galloped down upon the farmhouse. Stuart was warned, just in time to escape by riding for his life. But in tlie hurry he lost his precious hat. And he. swore he would get it back, or another as good. A thin line of I nion men. under Generäl Popo, was holding tlie whole Con federate army at. bay behind Gordons ville, along tho Ilapahannock. Pope was standing his ground, in the hope of preventing Lee and Jackson from leading a Confederate attack against Washington. McClellan, leader of tlie Union army of the Potomac, was hurrying by forced marches from the Virginia Peninsula to reinforce pope. In tho meantime Lee hesitated to sacrifice meen needlessly itt THE ADVANCE a wholesale advance upon Pope, not knowing how weak DELAYED. the hitter's army was, and being delayed also by a long streich of hail weather. So, for a time, the two hostile armies rested a few miles from , aeli other, w litt« MeUleilan was seeking lo come ill) to Pope's aid, which brings us back to Job Stuart am) his lost liât. Ono morning Stuart, at the hea l of a party ol raiders, set out for a dash around the Union lines. At Ualletl's Station, behind tlie Union center, (»en crai Pope had Ids headquarters, an I Stuart planned to capture Pope. "Where, are you- going'."' asked Colonel Mosby, as Stuart left tlie Confed erate camp. "I'm going after my hat.*' answered Stuart grimly. By a circuitous route tho raiders rode beyond the farthest flank of tho jUnion army; then, inside the enemy's line, they made a dash for Pope*« headquarters. Tlie weather favored tlie wild project. Night had fallen, pitch black, as Stuart neared Catlett's Station, but as he reached the edge, of the village a thunderstorm set in. By a blinding glare of lightning a Union sentinel saw the stealthily ad vancing southern raiders and gave the alarm. Throwing secrecy away, Stuart led his men in a helter-skelter rush through the streets to the house where Pope had established his headquarters. Pope got out of the way in time to avoid capture, but li e left behind him on his study table his gujd-braidod hat. Stuart pounced delightedly upon this hat and clapped it on his own head. The score at last was evened. But Pope had left behind him something far more important. The port foltd containing all his official papers fell into Stuart's hands. One glance through these papers told Stuart the size and disposition of Pope's army, its weakness and the fact that McClellan was on the way to reinforce it. A half finished letter written by Pope added the new« that tlie Union forces must surely be beaten If Lee should attack in force before McClellan could arrive. Stuart wasted no time in getting this portfolio to J»eo. Lee wasted no litflo in acting on its information. On August 27. 1X62. hr sent "Stonewall" Jackson, with S."> regiments and much light artillery, around LEE PROMPT Pope's lines to fall upon the Union rear. Under cover of TO ACT. this maneuver I.ee crossed tlie Rappahannock to attack Pope's center. The stirring events that followed belong to the story of tlie Second Battle of Bull Kurt. A cynical "military observer," reviewing the campaign, said later "It would have been cheaper for tlie United States if congress had voted Jeb Stuart a hat out of a solid diamond to make up for the one ho lost." GERMAN AGENTS IN MEXICO. Hsrry H. Dunn in Cartoons Magazine. It is noticeable that practically every Latin-American republic, with the ex ception of Salvador and Mexico, lias made plain its stand on the European war. Thô center of German activity in Latin-Ameriea is currently reported to bo in Salvador, but that country Is so closely surrounded by republics which have cithrr declared their al legiance to the allies, or have so plain ly manifested their sympathies, that German agents in Salvador have been able to do little except prepare soft places on which similar agents, kicke»? out or other er tue Spanish republics may alight. In Mexico, however, the situation is slightly different. The area of Mexico is sc great and the isolation of its cities and military posts by mountain ranges so perfect that kaiscristn has thrived there to an alarming degree. First real steps against the pro-German propaganda in Mexico were taken in New Orleans in November, when right Mexicans, nomi nally representatives of the Felix Diaz revolutionary party, were arrested at the headquarters of tlie junta, and held for Investigation by agents of the de partment of justice. The head of the Diaz junta in New Orleans is General Manuel Velasquez, former federal army officer under Porfirio Diaz, and who recently completed a tour of the Diaz juntas in El Paso. San Antonio, Ltfredo and other western points. Sometimes a wise man poses as a fool for financial,,reasons. Home! Stories of Canadians Who Returned From War. By Sergeant A. G. Jorgensen, Jr. Twenty-ninth Vancouver Battalion; Second Canadian Expeditionary Force. I was in the scrap at St. Kloi. It started the sixth of April. Wc took ever the mine crater, relieving the Im perials, who had blown it. Tliis is tlie, way it was done; they hud sapped in underneath tlie German front line, underneath their wires, and placed explosives. Tlie.se word con nected by wires ready to blow up any lime it was ordered. When they arc set off it leaves a crater 200 or 300 feet wide. Then wo always rush in as soon as tlie crater blows up and get our machine gun emplacements around the crater. Onr company went in. as 1 said, for lx hours. Urossed "No Man's Land" und went through an old trcifch up to our waists in water in order to get to I lie crater at night. We hud done about to hours and were getting ready at 10:70 lo lie relieved. Wo were close to the Germans. Fritz started to throw ever a few trench mortars. Wc stood to and expected an attack. They shelled us for over an hour, we wait ing for the attack. They came over about 2:30, came into the right side of tlie crater in mass formation. Our company was low in strength. We wore only about SO strong in the conf pany. They came on and bombed us and made quite a mess of us. It was very wet. We were standing on soft wet clay. We were armed with bombs, rifles and bayonets. In the mix-up it came to hand-to-hand fighting. We were up against terrible odds—six to one they came at us. Our boys were taken five and six at a time and they were shelling our front, line, and Ger« man reinforcements were coming up. There was an officer near me, Lieu li nant Meyer. We could see how things were going. My pal w as next to me and he was bombing with me. I had als ways liked him and we were always together, lie was closest to me. I saw a Hun make a drive at him with his bayonet. My pal fell ba^|\. He was killed. It was done very quickly. I had two bombs left- I missed the Hun who was five yards away. I rushed on him. I got him over. I had lost my rifle in the mixup. I grabbed him and twisted his rifle out of his hand. I got his rifle and drove it home In him. I hear that Uerinaa mauser rifle yet. PUNCTUATION'S INVENTOR, Aldus Manutius, a Venetian print is the father of present day puncti tion. His system, which was inti (luced in the early part of the fifteer century, was adopted by fellow crut men throughout Europe. It has be developed during the centuries and row used in almost identical form all modern languages. Aristophanes is said to bpvo be tile first to devise a system of punct r.tion. but it was soon forgotten a&t iike fate met a second attempt in 1 time of Charles the Great by two »chi at*. Warnefried and Alenin to ma *he meaning of words clearer and rea ing easier.