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Material Than Rural Lads
•tMt CITY to/ C€TJ soMirnc rooo «lim c>ry 8 oy onr 8CTTEIÏ. WATCH T® PMMk »R. TWO MAS D WOOD ^ the farhuT? y« 6 cm ttrrw CAR t "ntAN TMC fARMtR'J- ® 0 y cm Rev.r Room ee-rreA gewTi LArtu cm *ov deceives co«*fmAo*v »enta«. ATTCMTIOAl In New York Percentage of Disqualifications for Physical Reason Is 22 Per Cent, While Rejections in Rural Com munities Are 27.96 Per Cent—Farmers More Careful of Their Livestock Than of Their Children and Hygienic Conditions in Country Are Not So Good as in City— Food Is Not So Nourishing and Sanitation Is Inferior. 1 ■V MARGUERITE MOOERS MAR • SHALL. The city boy makes soldier material as good or better than the supposedly ''strong 1 and healthy" country boy. That Is one of the interesting (''in clusions drawn from the records of the selective draft. A special comparison made by the provost marshal general's office between ten large cities and ten rural counties In various parts of the country shows that 28.47 per cent of the city boys examined were rejected, ami of the country hoys 27.96 were found unfit to serve. A short time ago Dr. J. A. Xydegger. In charge of the United States public health service in Baltimore, pointed ont that the percentage of young men re Jected as unfit for military service lie cause of physical defects had been con siderably greater among men from rural districts Ilian among c ity resi dents. Dr. J. A. Hofhelmer of local exemp tion board No. 170 was tin first New York physician to make an exhaustive analysis of the physical condition of the young men called by the draft In his district, a section of Harlem typi cal of New York conditions. ,lTe told of the. 550 young New Yorkers exam ined by his board only 22 per cent wen found physically disqualified to serve lu the national army. According to Dr Hofhelmer, that Is a splendid record, and It is considerably better than the percentage of rural rejections just given out. City Boy Sounder. "The country lad," says the report of Provost General Crowder, 'accus tomed to hard physical labor, may be more muscular than his city cousin, but he Is not superior in the possession of the degree of physical soundness essen tial to Ills acceptance ns a soldier." "I am only surprised that the health superiority of the oily boy over the country boy Is not more overwhelm ingly emphasized in the figures you have shown me," Dr. Thomas D. Wood, professor of physical education at Co lumbia university, said. 1 was discuss ing the subject with Dr. Wood, because ho Is a nationally know n health author ity and has conducted an Important survey for a joint committee of the National Education association and the American Medical association on the comparative physical condition of the young In the city and In the country. Child Father to the Man. "The bad showing made by country youths In the draft cxnminatlonus," continued Dr. Wood, "simply illus trates anew flip truism that 'the child is father to the man.' We have not been giving, we are not giving today, to children in our rural communities the care and protection they should re ceive. "Our soldiers and the soldlcs of the allies are enjoying better health pro tection than the children of rural America. The Hod Cross is sending a traveling health exhibit through dev «stated Prance and D.-lgimn to •• v proper care of children. iSu b an ex. hlblt is needed quite ns b elli in n - devastate«] rural New York. "I don't mean." T>1\ Wood Mid quickly, "that it is not most import ■ A DAGGER IN THE BACK That's the woman's drea 1 when slot gets up in the morning to start the day's wolle. "Oh! how l v back aide GOLD MEDAL HA A it] .'2 M nil pules taken today e ■ the b icht ct tomorrow—taken evi ry e ■ < mis 1 backache for all tine Don't dels'.. ■What's the use ol suffering lies' m taking GOLD MEDAL lb: rlc.i oil Capsules today and be relieved ion ar row. Take three or four every <?'>' and be permanently ft or from wrench ing, distressing back pain. lint be sure to get GOLD MEDAL. Since 1696 GOLD MEDAL Haarlem Oil Inf been the National Remedy of Holland, the government of the Netherlands having granted a special charter au thorizing its preparation and sale. The housewife of Holland would almost as soon be without bread as site would without her "Real Dutch Drops." as she quaintly calls GOLD MEDAL Haarlem OU Capsules. This is the one reason why you will find the ".einen and children of Holland so sturdy and robust. «SOLD MEDAL are the pure, original Haarlem Oil Capsules Imported direct from the laboratories ln Haarh in. Holland. But be sure to get GOLD MEDAL. Look for ti e name on oxery box. Sold by reliable druggists nettled packages, three sizes. Money rtfftmdftd if they do not help you. Ac Copt only the GOLD MEDAL Ail ~~ Btt tn»lt*t'o»s . _ _ ,a , ! | ! i in. in to guard Hie health of our soldiers and of the little ones In France. But. also, it seems to me. we should protect our own children. Why, I have prepared a series of mote than 50 health (harts for the National Education association and the American Medical association, and for six months we .have not been able to find anybody willing to under write the printing of these charts, al though 1,000 can be Issued for 12.000. and the sale of 60s sets would pay the cost of the entire edition." Explains Conditions. "But why are country boys ltt worse shape physically than city young sters?" 1 asked Dr. Wood. 'The answer to that question Is In dicated In n letter | received from In Nydeggcr." he replied. "In explaining his statement that more men front ru ral districts than from cities nr<* re jected for military service, he says: ''We do know, however, that bad health conditions in rural schc#il chil dren run from per cent all the way up to 20 per cent higher than in city school children. "'In rural communities the school age is from six to 18 years if these had health conditions 12 to IS years, it. Is reasonable to as sume that they most i xlst at 21, when the x oung men become of militari' age. Such is the case. too. The principal de fects which are found to occur in the largest numbers in the rural school hoys are found to exist also in the young men of military age. A coni pnrison of the health statistics of rural school children with the rejection re ports of the army anil navy will con firm this statement.' "The average country child does not have food as good as the city child. The latter eats better bread every dav of Ills life. and. even In the tenement districts, his diet has more variety than the diet of Ids country cousin. Sanitation Better. "The city child probably drinks purer water than the boy on the farm. City drainage Is better than rural sanitation. We know more about ven tilation in towns than does the coun try, with its hermetically sealed dou ble windows. The country child Is surrounded by tlie liest air In the world, but gets much less of it than he should. ''Many of the ailments and defects which disqualify for military Service 1 be country youth might have been caught and cured in ids childhood if we bad a regular medical and dental inspection In all our rural srhoois, as we now have in so many of our city schools. In a comparison of health defects of city and country children, based on all available statistics. I found that everywhere the country children fall behind. Forty per cent have teetli defects against 33.58 per cent in the city Among country children are more than twice as much lung disease, a third more eye defects and a vastly greater amount of spinal curvaiure than among cit\ children. Farmer Less Careful. ' Tim city man spends more on tin* health and well-being of Ills family, : in proportion to his Income, than does j 'lie < otintr> dweller. Speaking gen j I j, I ' everything else on the farm is I kein up -etter than the farmers' chll [ (Iren As for tiie little red sohool ! house 1-f Hie country, it Is less well j adapted, liygeidcally, to Its | urpose j than. : - the pig pea to its purpose, i 'I'onntry children are less healthy I P an . n i i ddn n. ' summed up Dr I Now. f xist at I ■ ini mical than tli 1 i \ in irv cltiidre d liappiiic: ■ . i t x Count : dien an ireful cultivation as cri ind livestock, it lias been a basic b iode truth that the î al strength. tl)C vitality, ot a nation must be drawn from tiie soil, if wo want the next army, tiie next, generation of citizens, fit to uphold the national l.unnr we must see to it that our country boys and gills are at least up to the stand ard set by the eity youth ." ADMINISTRATION FLAG. The official hotel flag ol tiie United States food administration lias a white body bearing in crimson letters the words. "Food Will Win the War," and also the administraton's seal. Hotel, restaurant, dining car and steamship companie« which arc members of the food administration may fly this flag and the administration Lm- arranged to mipply h at cost to mu h hotel» if itucy Utsijç U, _______ . m NEW WAR SL09AN NOW FOR BRITAIN "Go on or Go Under" Taken as Watchword of I^abor in England. IN PREMIER'S SPEECH Lloyd George Helps Unions to Get Firm Stand on Allied Aims. I.otllh wlioh The first month of 1918 one of the most trying of the „„r for tin British people. Now f I | ln nation seems to have weathered I K S doubts and disagreements and ac , epted the watchword, "We must go on or go under." The labor unions upon them for mon with a critical aful ip t the demand men In khaki doubtful spirit. ■ They insisted upon knowing the gov ernment's exact war program and wore Inclined to believe that peace negotia tions were possible. These questions have been thrashed out with the gov ernment fully and freely with straight talking on both sides, and the govern ment carried tlm day. Premier Never Disturbed. Tills result is due principally to Pre mier Lloyd George, and it strengthens it is position and authority for the time being. The premier's resourcefulness was never disturbed by the fusillade of questions from the 1-aborttes, some of them out-and-out pacifists, at the con ference. Probably the most effective state ment Lloyd George made was that the government was ready to go into a peace conference whenever the Ger mans allowed any disposition to nego tiate on equitable terms, But he saw no disposition of Hint kind now. There is still sharp criticism of the government among t tic niasses, the etiief ground lining the fond problem. Willie apparently there are enough sup plies in the country to maintain the population in comfort, the complicated business of distribution lias not been successfully met. A general election Is expected ns soon as .1 new register of voters can be mail' Fight million now voters, mx million of whom are women, will go on ting, rolls under the reform bill, which tin house of lords is now debat ing. The predictions are that the next government will lie a Labor-Liberal coalition, with tin Labor party holding tiie largest number of seats of any parts in the house of commons and the strongest position In the cnbtnet. The Labor party's policy of recon struction after the war is being framed. Tin- proposals to tie submitted include a national wage minimum, democratic control of Industry revolution of na tional finance and the use of private surplus wealth for the common good. Some of tli subheads in this program are. ( mplovnii at for all. organization of tlu demobilized armies, insurance against i.a mployai- nt, nationalization of land, i.dlways. mines and electric power, st-'oply graduated taxation on Incomes and wealth. Three Lose Lives When Ohio lee Gorge Breaks ab 1 ml.. Ville, liai •anI t In fo rr 4 irlv tonight t Mukleniy. v:\] I'litiL offert» them bi'U'W C'a I t'l>. 2. Three i»er y boat at Canm l .t dow !i the Ohio vhen an Ice sorgo r> ii\K a wav were made t nelton. The the I.'» fret at fannelton and K'k|>ort m four hours, lx tld t• * be unurectMimted i river 10 feet • th In - NEW BILLIARD RECORD. rhieago. Feb. 3. Angle lvieckhefer. of Chicago, set a now high mark for the Vmoricun billiard players* ambu lance fund tournament tonight and on mo within two Innlnirs of equalling j th«* worfd's record when he defeated if .loneph Capron of Chicago, HO to 28. In 131 innings with a high run of eight« MISSOULA TEAMS BEAT ANACONDA Smelter City Bowlers Lose Three Matches of Four , Played Here. MILLERS MARK BEST Garden City Man Leads All j in Individual Scoring ! at Tourney. Goodfriends 1st 2nd 3rd Totals Davidson .........165 168 186 619 McLean 162 199 161 622 Finnegan . ..204 149 178 531 GUsct ... 140 154 137 431 Lattimer . 1S« 156 172 f, 12 Totals .. . 855 826 834 25T.5 Anaconda bowlers were defeated In three of fonir matches with Missoula teams yesterday at the Rochester al loys. lie rolling 2,817, high score of the day. in <A three game match with the Dentists, thé Goodfriends of Ana conda won thy Ir only victory of the day. The G 00(1 frie tula beat the Dentists, 2,'17 to 2.772. bu*J lost to the All-Stars. 2,7,1,7 to 2,662. 'Pile Butchers of Ana conda were beattn by the All-Stars, 2.716 to 2,556, uutf by the Elks, 2,595 to 2,375. Viiitors Win Three Games. The Butchers won one game of the three they played wâtli the All-Stars and one of the three with the Elks. The Goodfriends lost sill three games with the All-Stars anki two of their three with the Dentists, though their total score for the match was larger than tlie Dentists'. The cgnint in games was Missoula, 9; AnacorRda, 3. Miller Ha* High Sfciore. Miller of the All-Stars hfc'd high in dividual match score. He ridlcd 661 in three games against the Butchers. For Anaconda Schlichtlng rolled 1 , the best three games. He scored 54i2 against e All-Stars. Tiie Anaconda bowlers arrived in Missoula late Saturday night find left last evening. The match scores; All - Stars 1st 2nd 3rd Totals Lundwall..... ..214 148 181 543 Batchelor ...176 173 i:\i 680 Akin 179 168 162 r»oo Peers .... . .....171 193 134 498 Miller 197 171 164 532 Totals ...... ... 937 853 872 2662 Butchers 1st 2nd 3rd Totals Wenger...... 169 159 ISO 60S Vautrin ir»n 12 ! 149 441 Schlichtlng 150 112 119 411 PoiU'fson 139 158 201 501 Tucker....... . 130 223 161 514 Totals . ........ . 717 773 835 2375 Elks 1st 2nd 3rd Totals Ashbrook 132 195 178 605 Carey . ...140 1K7 140 4 17 Greonhood 202 162 IKS 552 Farley .....191 166 1 on 523 Larson I«1 157 156 471 Total« .......826 Sll S2S 2495 Butchers 1 st 2nd 3rd Totals Wenger .. . . 145 190 168 50:: Vautrin 143 *216 ISO 539 Schlichtung 153 223 166 542 Foderson 160 186 112 467 Tiickor . 173 1 88 144 505 Totals . .783 1003 770 2586 All • Stars 1st 2nd 3rd Totals 1 «und wall .148 184 182 512 Ratchi'lor . ..... 170 168 123 460 Akin .......... t 61 203 147 531 I'urlov ...... 203 160 189 r.r >2 Miller ............ .......211 198 222 661 Totals Goodfriends Davidson ______ llcadle ...... Hnnegun ..... •inset ...... McLean . Lattlmcr Tot uls _______ Dentists Swartz .... Gain l.ohnbakken IP inmlngton Anderson Bourdeau Totals .. 950 903 1st 2nd .165 198 ... 137 138 ......200 146 .....152 131 128 133 ... 149 168 931 917 863 271« 3rd Totals 164 b.27 964 2817 3rd Totals 167 472 ill 919 912 27 NORTH DAKOTA MAN KILLED. Ottaovu, Fell. 3. -The .Monsun. Minot. X D. night's casualty list a killed in action. name of !■. appears in to < having been m A neglected cold in a child's head often leads to chronic catarrh and catarrhal deafness stunting child* Jen's mental growth, making them appear stupid. TryKondons for the betby&cold (at no charge to you) 50.000,000 hare used this St rear-old remedy. For ohrendo catarrh, #oro nose, cough* col d*. »nee; in«. m»»e IdtxNi, «its. Write us for comi'licnon V*?1 or A >n, „ t M fr«K8»st 4. * " FOI R time* mon ray fn.»ne> Imek. write to— Mnitmut. Him. It Ham That Is What Artist Put on New German Coin. j ! Amsterdam, Feb. 3.—The artist who designed paper money of the denomination of 5<i pfennings, which now is being circulated in several rural towns of Prussia, has been arrested at Nleberlahnsiein. on the charge of holding up the fatherland to ridicule. His of fense lay, according to the Maas bode of Rotterdam, in the orna mentation on tiie margin of the hills. After 1 he money had been in circulation for some time, it was discovered that the marginal dec orations consisted mostly of drawings of articles of food. A hove a picture of a ham, the artist inscribed in microscopic let ters: "A tender memory and a fond hope." Over a design of three turnips, he wrote, "This is how I in 'Germa ns live." Strike Will End Today in Germany, Says Berlin Amsterdam. Feb. 3.—Ending of tiie strike in Germany on Monday is pre dicted in a semi-official statement is sued In Berlin Saturday evening. It follows: The strike everywhere is on the wane. Many factories now are work ing with full staffs and it is assumed the strike will be ended entirely on Monday. This opinion is confirmed by reports from all parts of tiie coun try. The longer a man tries to prolong an argument the less he knows about the subject. • *$8t> r Tobacco Kit TO These Sample Tobacco Kits Are on Display at the Follow ing Cigar Stores: Kelley's Cigar Store Gleason Brothers John H. Hoyer & Co. Smoke House Frank Hogan's Cigar Store Send the Boys a Smoke 25c will send the boys in the trenches one of these kits, containing 45c worth of tobacco and will pay fjr a postal card enclosed on which the soldier will acknowledge re ceipt of the kit > / War Department makes no appropriation for tobacco. Soldiers can't buy tobacco in France. The price is prohibitive, on account of the French tobacco tax. Gifts of tobacco are duty free. Say, old smoker, think how you would feel standing watch in a lonely trench hoar after hour and nothing to smoke, then give accordingly, just as you feel, anything from 25c to $25.00. Leave your gift and your name at the cigar store or send it to The Missoulian on the blank form below. THE DAILY MISSOULIAN: In accordance with your offer to send popular brands of tobacco and cigarettes to our soldiers in Europe in units of 50c packages, each for 25c, I enclose $....... — (Your Name) ............ (Street Address) — (City and State) — 4 STUDENTS CHEER BRUINS' TRIWIPH Victory Satilrday Is First Ever Won in Bozeman by Varsity. TWO GAMES HERE NOW Grizzlies Have Good Chance to Win First Basket Ball Championship. State University students were jubi lant yesterday over the victory won by the Bruins Saturday against the Ag gies in Bozeman. it was the first time in the history of Montana inter collegiate athletics that a basket ball team from the university had beaten the Aggies on their home floor. The fact that Montana was able to break even with the State College in the Bozeman games lias made the stu dents here confident that the Grizzlies will this year win the first state basket ball title ever held by the university. Since basket ball was -first adopted as a college sport in tills state, the cham pionship has rested in Bozeman. ______ _ Twice Montana has threatened the 1 Aggies by winning games in Missoula, but always the comback of the college live on their own floor, wrecked the* varsity hopes. Tiie Aggies are to play two games* in Missoula next week. They coiwi here on even terms with the Bruins* and the prospects for a championship here are bright. RED CROSS REPORTS ON MONEY EXPENDED Shows That Every Dollar Has Gone for Relief Work. Washington, Feb. 3.—An accounting of American Red Cross, war council appropriations made public tonight shows that up to January 9, there had been appropriations from the war fund. $77,843.435, every dollar of which was for some form of relief at home or abroad. All administration expenses In the United States are paid out of general funds largely from membership dues and for this purpose $1,289,292 has been appropirated. This, with $318,000 drawn from miscellaneous funds for various purposes, made a grand total of $79,450,727 appropriated for all pur poses. Nearly three-fourth of $44,657,795 withdrawn for foreign relief work went to France, and of $24,323,181 for the purchase of supplies, neatly one-third was for France. Relief In that coun try includes work with the armies and amorfg sick and wounded soldiers and families behind the lines, maintenance of hospitals, reconstruction service, rest and welfare sorvico with the American expeditionary forces and prisoners and casualty and information service. Thousands of Agents to Solicit Labor in Country Washington, Feb. 8.—The depart me'nt of labor announced tonight that more than 12,000 agents throughout tHe country will bo engaged for the next two weeks in the enrollment of 250,000 men skilled in the shipbuilding trades. Two thousand of the agents are appointees of trades unions wiio arc co-operating In building up the Industrial army ror a final drive to victory.