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■'•v.'/h \■>' n A A ISSUE NEW MILL FEED DIRECTIONS Rules Set Price Relations Between Commercial Mill Feeds and Wheat. UNDER U. S. LICENSE .■ui- j J. F. Bell, Chairman Milling Division Food Adminis- ; tration, Explains. By now regulations «'ovring mill foods, tho V. K. food administration has established n relation hotwe-n the i riot of mill feeds and the price of wheat. The plan guarantees to farmer, a direct relationship hetween the price he re ceive« for his wheat and the prieme tie pays for feed. The regulations apply to all mills engaged in tile business of milling flour and feed from wheal and licensed bv the I'. K. food administra tion. The price of liran. hulk. f. n. b. mill. In carload lots, for one Ion (2.00y pounds) is in no ease to exceed 2X per cent of the average rest to such mill ol one ton, of wheat at .......ill. The price at the mill is deb rmined by ttie average cost 1o the mill of the I wheat ground during the previous I month, plus an administration fee ol | one per cent paid by the mill on tie | wheat so purchased .and ground The regulations provide further that | on all invoices the. price shall be on tin basis of cash or draft. This is the price, in bulk at the mill In carloads. All invoices, moreover, shall show the - bulk price at the mill plus the prlct 1 of sacks, items of freight und interest, if any. when goods are sold on < xtetid ed terms or credits. Prices Not tho Same in All Markets, i The rule does not mean that the' price of bran shall be the same in all markets nor that it. shall necessarily reflect the freight differ« tires Ix-t ween any two markets. Had such a plan b« followed, the results might Imv parently been to establish ■ mon uni form price. Hut inequalities In height would have probably resulted in < I t di verting the flow. ( routing a surplus lit markets advantageously placed and (2) shortages In markets less favor ably located. The plan adopted means that there i no advantage in mills, shipping their product far away. This guarantors farmers' supplies front the nearest source of production. It also tends to i keep his local mill in oi nation and give him the full benefit of its output. Figures for a Specific Case. Take a specific ease. I.ot us say that tho price of wheat it Philadelphia is i $2,27 per bushel. A ton of wheat would then cost $75.67. Taking ils per emit of this would give us a price of V: .tl per ton, which is tho bulk price lor ear lots of bran at the mill in I'hihnlHi tea. A mill located in Kansas city. for example, pays $2.1.1 for the wtu.it. which is $71 per ton. Ity taking 3.x , per cent of this we Itavi the limiti I $26.9S, which is Hie maximum pi ice that the mill at Kansas City may ask ♦or a ton of bran bulk at the mill in earload lots. The freight between Kansas City ami Philadelphia is $5.s«i i et ton. which gives a bulk pc ce of $'.... K as agi lust mill price of $26.76 bulk. Tin differ cnee Is $4.02. The Kansas City miller therefore in shipping his goods to Phil adelphia and meeting the competition of the mill at Philadelphia grinding wheat at the basic price would have to reduce his bran value $I.U2 to meet the competition. It is therefore a dis tinct advantage for tin Kansas city miller to sell in his own market This illustrative case « m in readily! .applied to any freight difference by ' using tilt following method of «stimnt | itig ttie maximum price Unit tho mill may ask for a ton ol bran in lailuad l lots bulk f. o. b. mill. Fust, isi'iitain the actual cost to the mili oi the wheat ground. This cost is tie pi in of x\ peat ground during the prtB tous mom h la t us »a y the avt rage co»» was !" pet bushel. Dividing this toy fin. Ute num r j her of pounds In a lju.sh»-i, ay* ret a price of* 3*4 cents j • r pound, or *7" « per ton; .'18 per Cent of this is .f hu, I which is the maximum -price m r ton ! for bulk b Kin at the mill in onload lot,. Fixed Differentiale fur Other Mill j Feed». The other grades of mill feed r* established on a fixed dlfler, atial, tak ing bran as the basic prie . For shoi ' or standard middlings, the imximutn charge may be $2 per ton over tie price of bran. Mixed feeds may be $4 per , ton over tlie price of bran. Flour mid dlings may be $H per ton, and Red inn $15 par ton over tbe price, of bran, in the case cited, the maximum price lur Hies« feeds per ton bulk, f o. b. mills in carload lots, would consequent!;, bi as follows; Khorts and standard mid tilings, $26.60; mixed feeds, $30.00: flour middlings, $35.60; Ite«l Dog, »41.69. Until further regulations are issued, a maximum of 50 cents per ton differ ential on fee«! sold and shipped in leas than carload lots will b<' permitted. la arriving at the; privy several tilings jBoys and Girls Can Earn Mone y as Pi § eon Raisers Æ the Game, Tells How and What to Do and When to Do It. ■ V' » You ill ful Expert of Missoula, Who Has Made Success of I aéÉh'A' • Fifteen-Year-Old Boy Pigeon Raiter. Any boy can make money with pig eons, and girls, loo, only girls ought to have their brut hers build the pigeon bouses and yards for them, U doesn't tali« 1 much work, and pig «•tins don't cost much in the way of feed, for a boy can gel tilings left over from the table and from neighbors who don't Keep chickens. , I keep three kinds of pigeons. Runts, which are the highest filers; Routers, tlic biggest kind, and Nuns, which are white willi black beads, tail ami wing tips. You can start with one pmr. Hut you in make mon money If you start with llutld each pair a nest house, which should lie several pair ill a. ligeot closed up nil I xeepi ' a little door through in front into the pigeon pen, which is made of common wire screen. Have ionic rousts m the house and the yard for them. After a week or so they may he turned loose and will come hack home after flying around for blocks. Tlie female pigeon lays two eggs and hatches them. 'Then she lays two morn and hatches them. It lakes three weeks to hatch the eggs, and a month Inter you tan sell the squabs at the meat market for 35 cents apiece. Hut I kill , I ' | l Boys and Girls Can Help in Wheat Conservation Program w.tUfs up hungry. Tho first thin« wit.do in the*, morning: is to That proNt' it, doesn't it. And at our breakfast we « it t in out i>t« ad. and very often wheat in our roi» ah ' ImUdinu" food. It contains what is vailed protein, that builds uni helps our vrowth. But it is better not to depend on wit eat I !> fie huiidtnt? food. Some other food which is rieh in protein th it. Milk is an evnnphs That is why it is wise to take Everybody «et break fas w heat, w he; Wheat is Our tissues, protein entirely f< Hhould be eaten w milk on cereal. We shall hnved ran very readily b in Europe. They only three-quartet must receive from Millions of nu n th* tr« m lies. Fields have been laid waste by the t nem>. Food supply ships have been sunk by submarines. Crops in other countries haw been poor. Four hundred million bushels of wheat is a very large amount, but we must supply it. In one way or another we must got it together here and send it across thé Atlantic to our allies. We cannot do this unless we are willing to us»- some other food for a part of the wheat we would ordinarily consume. We cannot eat it all and send it. too. admit that wheat is the hest bread cereal, but other flour used with it t « » make bread. That is what they, are doing: mix other cereals with the wheat flour so that probably of it is wh* it. Even so, they have not enough. Europe us nearly 100,000,000 bushels of wheat. have been taken from wheat raising' and have gone into j « I The I lilted Slat girls in tin' eonn help sind those flour. Kui pose i wheat, flour, uses would then I"' a liait' of the big su quickest nay for ■ i mull of wliat \v try food administration help their mothers OuO.OOo bushels if \v to liav ill th save wlika «• a little using five would Ilk, nd fathers will only each week, instead 1 one pound of some other kind r 22a,000,0oa bushels and that I e must raise more wheat, to be is h> using less wheat, and n«v boys and We can ess wheat pounds of iftflour. We < more than ;ure, but the r wasting a ,1«> of til , he! •rne in mind, ■ad- wheat a 1,1« rininat ion Id la* the 'hicago price of $2.2«' per bushel, with propei freight adjustment, at the same time it ma) he necessary to mot. ibis grain from a source Involving heavier transporta tion charges. This may be «lue to dif ficulties in transportation or the lack of wheat supplies. Further, mills not operating under voluntary agreement with the fooil administration are not obliged to observe the basic price. It is absolutely essential therefore to know the price paid tor the wheat by in agreement with the food adminis tration. use your influence to help him to do so. Mill Feed Prices Reduced. Hi, mill. If your miller is not working A substantial reduction in prices of mill feeds has been affected by this ac tion of the food administration. The regulations establishing tin- basic on which mill feeds will hereafter be sold more time, and dress them mysi If and sell them direct to consumers for from 50 cents to 75 cents each. j Dm «an get front three to five pairs t squabs from each pair of old pig ons you have. Komet lines you get Hut never more than two at a j A small box with finely-ground dried j leaves makes « good nest. : A pttlr of good pigeons' to start with rusts from $2 to $5, depending upon tho breed. Well-bred pigeons lay be.tter and produce better squabs than scrubs, You can feed them ground corn, oats, or any other gruln. bread crumbs, cooked scraps left over from the table, I ced them three times a day, just as much us they will pick up, without leavlng any. They must have fresh water all daV, where they can get at it easily. In cold weather you cun use one of tin- patent water cans sold In stores which keep the water from freezing I A boy who wants to work up to a good-sized pigeon business should not „,11 any squabs the first year, and , maybe not tho second, keeping the squabs until they «row up and mate. Starting with but one pair be. would haw a do/.on in a your and four or five dozen in two years. applies, bow«' The prices o been affected equalization , X. , only, to mill fceils oarse grains has not ptlng so far as the mill feed ' allies wilt , x, rt a stabilizing influence on tho en tire feed situation. The food administration recognizes tit« important position of mill feeds tn plans for conpmrei.il feeding, and par ticularly in the «lair« industry. .Hence the desirability of exertiiig some sta bilizing influence to reduce tlie price «if these commodities. Tin* aim was two-told• (1) to seouiv lower feed prii'es through which to effect a reduc tion in prices of dairy i roducts and 1 • <2 --' u> oH,ntaa "' th, ' disturbance in HuuP values cuus,d by increased r*' turns received l>y tlie miller for bis feed. The milling division of the foml administration also expected a large movement of coarse grains eventually * which would result In decrease«i de J manda for mill feeds, lowering their ; price and advancing the price of flour. ; thus causing further price adjustment j of unsatisfactory nature, I WOMEN TO HELP STATE FARMERS _ „ _ W,l .> H " ve . t0 ™ l ?*: Ex ' ample Set by English and Canadians. PROVE THEIR ABILITY Summary Test of Last Sum mer Shows Them Phys ically Equal to Task. Hhould this war continue for some time into (lie future we may expect to see thousands of women doing regular men's work on farms in this country, the statement of là. K. Cimier of Kozemnn, who is federal farm help agent for Montana. ' We have no rea son to suppose that what has happened Knglund and Canada will not take place in this country. At the present ! lime the "Women's laind Army" of Créât Britain lias over 42,000 members. I These women have been used for all kinds of farm work and In the major- i ity of eases have made good. U « have 50 Lad some experience with women farm ers in this country during the past i year. I College Girls Try It. Vassur college has u farm of 710 acres. Igist year partly because mule help was hard to secure and partly be- ' muse they wished to give the plan a trial, 12 of the young women students were engaged to work on this farm during the summer. Out of deference to the opinion of men who were also employed, th „ K , rU Ivce , V( .q , p| . | louri o,,. cents men received 20 cuts. These women dttl ever*' kind of wor k satisfactorily, including such Jobs plowing, barrowing, planting, cultt vating, mowing, raking, pliehing hay, cutting grain, shocking, fixing fence, milking, etc. At tlie end of the season the men admitted that the women should have received the same pay per hour as they did. Woman'* Farm Camp. Another notable example of tlie suc cessful use of women for farm work Ul ok ,,| flC0 at Mount Klseo, New York, a women's agricultural camp was es tahllshed at this point with 73 girls in attendance. These girls were given preliminary training In farm operations and later hired out to the farmers in the vicinity. They were used for all kinds of farm work and in the ma 'Jorlty of cases they more than made gooil. Farmers at the eiul of the Sea sol > expressed great satisfaction with the service which the girls had ren ilereit. It was the unanimous opinion that what the girls lacked in physical strength they more than iniule up for in willingness, I'onseelntlousness and quickness to learn. As fur as the farm labor situation in general is concerned one main fact stands nut above all others, and that is this: Farm help In the usual quanti- j ties and of the usual kind is not to lio | had at the present time, nor does it j seem likely that conditions will Improve during the period of the war. We are going to increase, our agricultural pro ductiun in this country heeuuso it is necessary to do so in order to win the war. and the war must be won. Organization Necesiary. The only conclusion to in*, drawn is that we will have to secure a large per centage of our help from sources of supply that ordinarily are not maile use of "Dusiness us usual" simply doesn't apply in this case. The "business as usual" inithoif of getting farm help was for the farmer to drive to town ami bargain with some man on Hie street. For some time these men simply have not been there nor does it seem likely that they are going to be there in any thing like the necessary quantity un til after this war is over. The best so lution sec ms to he for us to thoroughly organize our hoy power, our women power, our group of retired farmers, und then it worse comes to worse we «an depend upon business and profes sional iii<qi who have iuul farm ex perience, to , lose up shop and help us lake care of the harvest. iKigned) K. I.. CURRIER, Farm Help specialist, U. S. Depart ment oC Agriculture. Blessings on the Silo 1 never see th' silo there, But what 1 feel like huggin* It. The big old fellow, brimmln* full Has certain done her little "bit." Its very presence makes us want To raise a better crop each year! "Let's fill her full," the boys exclaim. \Yhen times for sunny crops draw near. "Investment." yes. that's what she Is. Kike puttin' money In a bank. And when th* tarnal blizzards blow. We have th' silo's wealth to thank. __ They uossiblv call the "roes' because they an I sort of feel th' cattle know. And. when they pass It, sort o' bow. Old silo, standin' in the' snow, A bank fer ov'ry hungry cow. —Hoard's Dairyman. army aviators because they are $he high cards. —Los Angeles Times. SEVEN AGES OF MILK; THIS IS THE GOLDEN Precarious and Dangerous Roads We've Traveled. reetly, honestly anil thoroughly done, 7.—c,olden Age—AVhen all milk shall be ■•certified" In the full and sanitary sense and meaning of the term as to i.nvlrontnent and methods; machine clarification to take place immediately 1. Neglect Age—Meaning anything and everything unsanitary filthy sta ble;; and filthy cows; dust, files, un it'an cans and pails and unclean milk ers perhaps, using unclean milking methods, and careless cooling and stor ing of milk. 2. Water Age When 25 per cent to 50 per cent of water was added to the milk to make it hold out. 3. Skim Age When all or part of the cream was skimmed anil kept at tlie farm, and the milk sent to town. 4. Preservative Age—When salicylic and boracle adds were used, and then formaldehyde to keep the milk chem ically sweet. 5. Tuberculosis Age—When milk was found to be, through the bovine bacillus, a ' transmitter of the white plague. 6. Pasteurization Age—When all "uncertain" milk was made safe through application of heat, 145 de grees Fahrenheit for 30 minutes, oor so it pasteurization after after the milking, when the milk is fresh from the cow and before germ multiplication has commenced, either from tin' foreign matter or from the slimes already present in the milk; then cooling and bottling at the farm: bottling, to make assurance doubly sure. t'HARUKS GHHISTADOltO. HIGH NOTES. New York's most valuable place of amusement is the Metropolitan opera house—officially rated as worth $3,375, 000. I «« fînnkouV' BUTT£BM,il( UUimt?) C Starling Food up toe e organ» and helps prevent White _ n. The clean balanced grains start and » chl-'kit growing. Oot tho ongmat—Conlray'i toy's MIhroiUo. Drug Co., Ava. «ml Front St corner Illggrlna j | j WESTERN MONTANA NATIONAL BANK Missoula, Montana. UNITED STATE DEPOSITARY CAPITAL___ 8URFLU8 FUND . G. A. WOLF______ _ $**0.00«' _ 80,000 ..President JOHN C. I.EHSOU_Vloe Président J. H. T. HYMAN--Cutler Director«i Q. A. Wolf, M. A. Fit If, John C. Lehsou, Gaspard Deschamps, J H. T. Hyman. A GENERAL BANKING BU8INES8 TRANSACTED Ranar on Ovc 2 (£ ORTON BROS. 118 East Cedar Street WE REPAIR ANYTHING Maks Keys File Saws Adjust Magnstos Fix Motorcyolss Bicycles and Typewritsrs Young's Cyclery Rear of Smith'« Drug Stors Ws Maks and 8sll Only Nt'ICtth Registers and Credit Files Koweït price«. Small monthly payment». No interest chargea Written guarantee. Old regl»t er* repaired, rebuilt, bought, sold and exchanged Thomas Whalen Agent the National, Caah Resistor Co„18W EL Broadway, Butta Mont Phone It. Better Repairing Savea Shoes J. A. COLUNG 108 Higgins A va. R u st TRW ■ 1 ' 'b'-'" ' ' If Cows Could Talk "I feel the same way about winter that you do. Keep me warm and snug, with no cold breezes cutting in. If I. was built that way, I'd like to tuck my feet up against a grate fire when the thermometer registers zero." "Say, look here, I'm tired of having so much of ray cream fed to calves and hogs. We're in a war now, and nothing like that goes! Get a sepa rator and do the job right, old top!" "Mix my feed with system and give it to me at regular hours, if you please. Suppose mother fed you in the same Catarrh Is Untouched by Atomizers and Inhalers Disease Cannot Be Reached by Local T reatment. What a pb y that so many people follow blindly tin 1 old b«41 -«vether method of treating (.'atari'll, and thus postpone from day to day the time When th')' will l>c free from this an ru.ytng and disgusting complaint. The choked-up air passages arc un r,topped for I ho time being- l.y medical j-prays and atomizers, but <lo they re main open'.' Jsn't the relief only tem porary? Over und over again, these accumulations gather, because the disease which causes them Is being untouched by the treatment.* Cleanse the blood thoroughly of till Imported and American Bred Stallions Percheroq Belgian Shire —j---———— .. ....... .. We buy and sell all our own stallions and save the agent's profit for the farmers. These horses will be sold at a reasonable price. Time given to buyers. Every horse fully guaranteed. H. RILEY, Mgr. 118 Clay Street, Missoula. Mont. BQja <[an&Farm POWDERS STUMPING —AGRICULTURAL. For more than y firs Giant Powders have cut the cost of western blasting. In ail this time they have lifeu constantly im proved aiul adapted to western conditions by a western company. Naturally they male western land clearing easier, (aster and cheaper. itiaiit farm Powders—Giant aad Eureka Stumping—further than ordinary dynamite.. Fax inert and orchardisfs find that they can do more ar.d tu iter w ork at It s* co>t with Citant Powders. Hundreds write us that Giant brands "save money"—*'g»ve better results**—"luve wider breaking power" * ''shoot the root?" uml "are always uniform in strength and action." Caution: L« yoj n,c ..f Gant Po**M-r«. proJtKt U the rranufg. rurr • wU urtf;n&t<r4 tie r\*tnr L«ok tor tbr it i? yoct ouljr -jure i ^ttcthin aca.nst imiutic: Tend coupon (or v 1 r.«»nt orunr tim paper) for tne big free book Better Farcun» " h tcllv you »cures of money-vjvir.f w» . > oi 4otag f*rn :ob*. Write tor u».» goi d a ac of iDtorx&aiion today THE GIANT POWDER CO..O». * ' Ci-erylhing for Waiting Horns Oflice: S*n Francisco Branrh Offices. Denver. Portland. Salt Lake City, Seattle. Spokane MARK AND MAIL THIS FREE BOOK COUPON THE GIANT POWDER CO., Con., Pint National Rank Bldg.; San Franciico S«-ixl me 52 -jxi,t illustrated btxjkkt "Better Farming'.'* ! am especially interested in (please check) □ Stump BU*U*s □ Diteh llwtani O □ IwUnllMni O Tree Bad BleMiaa 6i«ii« A it lires. way that you feed me. Til bet you would raise an awful rumpus!" "You may not realize H, but I cer tainly do appreciate your «topping every' once In a while and patting me on the head, and giving me a kind word. Sure, I understand."—Hoard's Dairyman. That Terrible Headache. Do you have periodic Attacks of headache accompanied by sickness of the stomach or vomiting, a sallow skin and dull eyes? If so, you can get quick reli'M by taking Chamberlain's Tablets as nireeted for biliousness, and yuq may be able to avoid these at tacks if you observe the directions with each package.—Ad«'. ("atarrh germs, and your Catarrh will promptly disappear. For this purpose, •here is no remedy than can equal K. K. S., the reliable, purely vegetable blood remedy, that lias been on tho market for more than fifty years. It is sold by drug stores in all parts of the land, and if you obtain a bottle and )login treatment today, you will immediately see that you are on the right iotul. S. S. K. thoroughly cleanses the. blood and removes from it. every trace of Catarrh germs. If your case after beginning tho S. S. S. treatment, requires special instructions, write to our medical director for complete ad vice, which he will give you without «■barge. Address Kwift Specific Co., '■.154, Swift Laboratory, Atlanta, Ga.