THE DAILY MISSOULIAN
aass=' — —
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1918.
XOT THE MONTANA KIND.
We cannot believe that the
gathering at Great Falls was, in
any sense, representative of the
farmers of Montanp.
that our own Equity had so little
sympathy with thy movement
that it wisely refrained from
That the worthy farmers of
this state would listen to and ap
plaud an eulogy of the late Frank
Little by his conn ado of the 1.
W. W., is beyond our comprehen
Nor de* we believe that our
farmers are in resistance to laws
that will define and punish treas
onable and seditious speech,
stamp out the sabotage of the I.
W. W. and provide protection for
life and property. If we an
wrong, then the mental proc
esses of the farming population
must have changed vastly within
a few years.
The truth, as we see it, is that
this so-called co-operators' con
gress was overrun by a consider
able number of noisy agitators of
the I. W. W. and Non-Partisan
league Socialist's who carried
matters in their own hands. W
would regret exceedingly to learn
that the members of the Montana
Equity, as a whole, stand for the
things that \*ere said by some of
these wreckers, including Wil
liam F. Ilunn. Many of them
have sons in the fighting rank
Are these anxious lathers will
ing to have their boys branded
"Uncle Ham's scabs," as they
were called by Little, who was
given a place among the martyrs
of history by Dunn? We do'not
Also, we think that there will
be an hour of awakening for
some of the office, holding poli
ticians who think they can unite
the farmers with the I. W. W. on
CONSCIENCE VS. CAMOUFLAGE
Much has been said and written
in late months by and concern
ing conscientious objectors all
over the United States. It is like
ly that much more will appear
before the precise status of these
persons is established with some
thing like legal definition.
At all events, one thing, we be
lieve is impossible of contradic
tion. Conscientious objectors
were rare, indeed, until the an
nouncement of the federal gov
ernment that all persons in these
United States who had passed
their twenty-first birthday and
had not attained their thirty-first
birthday would be required to
register on June 5, last, for Amer
ica's great selective army.
Then—it seemed almost over
night—came up the cry of the
conscientious objector, the person
■whose conscience rebelled
against warfare and who. under
no circumstances, would be able
to "keep house with himself"
should he permit himself to obey
the call of the selective draft.
Professor George Herbert Mead
of the University of Chicago is
the author of a recent scholarly
discussion of the status of these
objectors. With a mild sarcasm
he refers to those persons whose
plea for exemption "would be the
more readily offered because it is
easy to construe one's objection to
fighting a particular war, with a
specific enemy, at the risk of
one's own life and the loss of
one's own business into a con
scientious objection to fighting at
The government, Professor
Mead joints out, recognizes the
JegitiflPdcy of a real objection of
conscience in that it has provid
ed for the exemption of those
who, prior to the announcement
of the plans for tiie conscription,
were members of a recognized
sect whose tenets included oppo
sition to warfare. Upon the basis
of this, according b> Professor
Mead, the attempt of all con
scientious objectors to avoid
service, whether they be includ
ed m its provision or not, has
Professor Mead defends the
government's attitude as right in
exempting bona fide objectors to
the service. He also holds that
no mistake has been made, in es
tablishing the distinction of sect,
though he recognizes that there
may be other really bona fide ob
jectors of this sort who may not
be affiliated with any organiza
tion holding such a tenet.
But perhaps the most signifi
cant part of his discussion is rel
ative to the proper attitude to be
assumed by this minority which
objects to the service of the na
tion. Pointing out that in time of
peace, the minority always has
"the right of propaganda," he
also indicates that even then dis- 1
obedience to the law is not per
missable. However, in lime of
war, he holds with the vast ma
—Ijority of Americans, that persist
'ent. objection and utterance in op
position to one of the necessary
provisions for the successful con
duct of the war may jeopardize
the nation's business and serious
|ly peril its chances for victory,
If the struggle is one in which
the very existence of the nation is
seriously imperilled," lie says,
"the actum of a minoritv in op
posing war becomes a veritable
attack upon I lie* nation itself."
Thus, while tolerant to a degree
in hi« altitude toward those who,
for one reason or another, have
conscientious objection to service,
Professor Mead indicates clearly
that the government is right in
taking measures In suppress the
objector In the war, wlielher liis
objection be based on conscience
TIIE END IN SIGHT.
II is as certain as anything can
be that the discontent of the
masses in Germany and Austria
will continue and grow, regardless
of any temporary success of the
governments In suppress it. It
will not be stopped by the arrest
of the leaders, or by stern action
of the military authorities. II
will get into the army as it did in
Russia, because the suffering of
the people at home is no negli
gible matter to their husbands
and sons in arms.
The truth is that the German
people, are no longer under the
illusion of victory painted so
glowingly by the junkers for
nearly four years. They are be
ginning to see that they cannot
win, and are feeling, to an ever
increasing degree, the economic
pressure that is the strongest
weapon of the allies. With the
seas open to Ihe great source of
supply, the United States, we
know that there is deprivation in
France and England. Think what
it must be in Germany where the
people have been living off their
own country for so many months.
There is a limit to the patience
and endurance of a hungry man.
The labor agitation in Germany
indicates clearly that the people
are awakc and thinking, and that,
to our mind marks Ihe beginning
of the end..
Have you tried "army chow?"
Chow consists of a piece of beef
with gravy, creamed corn and
mashed potatoes in one dish, and
two pieces of nnbuttcred bread
and a large spoonful of rice
pudding mi a side dish. All
this may be washed down
with unsweetened cofft't*. Rep
resentative Rankin attended a
chow dinner at Washington some
lime ago, giving rise to the hope
that she will return to Montana
before the war is over to give us
a demonstration of Ihe cooking of
this dish. We hear that our rep
resentative is bi barn-shirm the
stale in a campaign for election to
something. We offer the unsolic
ited hint that she may advance
her cause through "chow" barbe
cues. Most of us would be glad
to gel a free dinner during the
The annual i
w hielt appears
(In- murniiiB i
lion id c\er\
tzen. II is ,
■purl of W. .1. Uali
derk and recorder,
eserves Ibe atlen
Ihe finances ot a
li now lias an ;is
inii of more Ilian
I'lie income from
Hie expenditure of
funds anil the nature of
properties are malteVs of
lo everyone residing
Ibis prosperous domain,
shown clearly in Mr. Hah
- report, which reveals a
"altb> condition of affairs
particular seelion of Mon
"Great fortunes are not always
e result of superior skill," says
the Ravalli Republican. Comfort
ing thought, that, as we look
about for carfare home.
Lei us get down to business,
friend-, and mind Mr. Hoover,
before lie asks us to make first
hand study of jail interiors.
We will nol be 100 per rent
American until we learn lo like
corn bread, as well as to eat it.
HAD BOTH BESTED.
Tw o farmers, w ho arc neighbors, are
very tall and slender, and each of them
boasts to the other that he is the
thinner, a few days ago they came to
Columbus to attend a circus. Before
entering the big tent they visited the
22 j"™ "■* I
S "y ,h "
skeleton was exh ibited, t or a
time they gaxed in wonder and then
one of them, turning to the other, broke
"I thought I was thin," lie said,
"but, by golly, that fellow is thinner
than both of us put together."—Colum
LETTERS FROM THE
Th* Mizzoulian invitât lettara
from its raadtra on all topiea of
intarsat. Tha aignaturaa and ad
drezzez of correspondants should
be sent as evidence of good faith,
though anonymous aignaturaa may
ba sent for the lettara aa printed,
if deeired. All communications
should be limited to 200 words and
addressed to the editor.
The Crimo of 1914.
Sir—If you will allow me, I should
like to re)dy to Mrs. Martha Kdgerton
Classman, who a few days ago picked
seme flaws in the peace proposals of
President Wilson. T will pass rapidly
over the list of crimes in relation to
Alsace-l.oi I aine (although she might
have carried it back to Ihe crimo of
Julius ("rasar). by saying that any
peace council will assuredly pay no
attention to previous crimes, but de
vote Itself solely to arrange things
that future crimes will be impossible.
To Ihe end that future crimes may be
nipped in the bud, in my opinion it is
advisable'that we give up all idea of
the small army of mercenaries Mrs.
I'lassman is so afraid of, and which I
believe myself is a danger to any dem
ocratic state, for many reasons, l be
lieve we should continue to use our
excellent selective draft organization
for a generation or so.
The selective draft, as we are using
It now is an excellent melting pot for
the unassimilaled mass wo call our
citizenship. It is teaching everyone it
touches- Hs—or lier place in our com
plicated civilization. It teaches the
brotherhood of man, the Golden Rule
end true socialism, in a practical way.
II is an excellent finishing course to
our system of education. If not wanted
for war tlic reserves called out could
be employed (not forgetting the les
sons In citizenship) In many great na
tional undertakings. In iny opinion a
citizen who has not "done ills bit" for
bis country is not entitled io his vote,
for ho cannot appreciate the suffrage
unless lie has earned it by-personal
service and sacrifice, ('hartes Bellamy
In his great Socialist book "Booking
Backward." hud Ihe same idea. The
oortion of Mrs. I'lassman's letter which
I find myself unable ; 1 1 all to agree
with contained in the last para
graph. Here it is: "Any peace terms
dictated solely by the bourgeoisie will
prove a menace to labor." Most of
your readers (unthinkingly) would O.
K. the paragraph.
The bourgeoisie class includes all
trades union men, skilled labor of ail
kinds and of course the farmer. The
nure Mexican labor to which Mrs.
Piassman refers is thus defined:
"The proletarian is without property,
hlR relation to his wife and children
has no longer anything in common
with bourgeois family relations, modern
industrial labor, modern subjection to
capital, tiie same In England as in
Prance, in America as In Germany,
has stripped him of every trace of na
tional character, law, morality, re
ligion, are to him so many bourgeois
prejudices behind which lurk in am
bush just as many bourgeois Interests."
Personally I will go as far In war alms
as the platform of the new National
party, but should prefer, if Mrs. PIhss
man will allow it, that tho "Hour
geolsle" dictate all peace terrnrf* which
refer to the crime of 1914.
Yours very truly,
H. C. It. COL, VIEL,,
Scenes to Stir the Soul.
Sir An American consular agent
reports that in his daily walk from ills
house to ihe consulate, ho counted as
many as twelve bodies of persons who
had died of starvation the preceding
Elfty-fivc per cent of (he population
of the I alia non district are reported
dead from starvation, inal-nutritlon,
and resultant disease.
The scenes are indescribable. They
ran never be idol led front my mem
ory. i stood beside a trench which
was tin grave of ii.lKm victims. They,
loo. all surrendered (heir arms upon
implicit promises (hal they would then
a- spared. The moment I hey became
Icfenseless, they wert- compelled, at
Hie point of the bayonet, to dig the
limeli, into which they were forced
and then hacked to pieces. Soldiers
«lcd of their work with axes os be-,
bar mon economical than expensive
Thousands of Christians have been
riven from their homes in the moun
lains of \rmenia. by the Kurds. To
prevent their return, if by chance any
survive tiie deportation, the Kurds
have destroyed all their homes, even
burning up Hie doors and windows.
Ml the fruit and nut trees and vine
yards were destroyed; and to make
sun that there would l»e no wood for
rebuilding. Hi«' trees were eut into
lengths too abort for boards. Even
tiie terraces that held the fields on the
mountain sides were brokcu down. The
work of centuries of patient labor by
a long-soifering people lias been com
Great as ( is tiie tragedy of massacre,
a greater tragedy was the forced de
portations, 100,000 women and chil
dren having been taken from one ilili
W. M. AUER.
Labor Firyls Itself.
—British labor soeins to have
found itself. The Jaibor party Iras
her n re-organized with a membership
of some three or four millions. Even
its enemies predict that in the new
parliament to be elected soon that it
will have a larger membership than
any of the old parlies.
terms. This declaration contains noth
ing of a vindictive spirit nor calculated
to stir up hatred. Its concern is for
rice peoples and international security.
The quality of lts leadership may be
Judged by the following extract from a
statement by Arthur Henderson, who
is now bne of the labor representatives
GOING IN THE SAME DIRECTION
I WANT/ A-RIDE?
J ', Y
Americans Under Fire
By Albert Payson Terhune
-or series of battles—began and lasted for three
IN BAD TEMPER.
The Second Battle of Manassas.
Tire first battle of Manassas—or Bull Run—opened the Civil war. It was a
Confederate victory. And now. in the early fall of 1862, more than a year
ip ter, a second battle wits to be fought on almost the same ground.
The Confederates had massed along the Rappdhannock, as if for an advance
upon Washington. The linioh general. Pope, on the other side of the river,
stood between them and the threatened capital of our country. Pope's army
yvas not equal to the task, but be sought to hold the foe at bay until Mc
Clellan could come up with reinforcements.
Meantime, the Confederate leader, late, sent General "Stonwall" Jackson on
a detour march uround the Union aniTy's flank. This march brought Jackson
safely behind Pope's line and enabled him to seize a huge quantity of Union
stores. Pope, learning of this, left the Rappahannock and hurried back to
meet Jackson s invading force. He massed his army near Manassas. Lee
was hastening north to Join Jackson. McClellan was still trying to reach
Pope in time to be of use.
On August 28 the battle
Pope sought to strike, Jackson and crush tlic latter's army before Lee could
semi up reinforcements. By a series of blunders ho failed to do lids, .lack
son's force was ia a tight place—outnumbered and
unable to get away in safety. Its one hope was
that Ler's reinforcements under General Long
street might arrive before Pope could attack him.
Longstreet was advancing with all possible speed to Jackson's help. But to
reach the latter he lmd to pass through a long mountain gorge known as
"Thoroughfare Gap." In places this gap was barely 300 feet across. On
either side of il the clifflike sides of ihe mountain arose like giant walls.
Thoroughfare Gap was like the ailed cut. pass of Thermopylae in the ease
with which it could be defended. A single Union regiment and a battery at
the far end of the gap would have held all T/Jh g street's army at buy for
weeks, thus giving Pope ample time to destroy Jackson.
Pope seems l<> have thought of this move, for lie planted a battery at the
exit of the gap just as Longstreet*.« troops entered the gap at the opposite
side. Then — -for some, reason changing his mind—Pope ordered the buttery
away again, and Longstroel marched through unhindered.
Pope made no other decisive effort to head off Longstreet, but attacked
Jackson's position. After a terrific all-day fight Pope telegraphed to Wash
ington that he had swept the Confederates from the field. He probably be
lieved he had. But as a matter of fact he liad done nothing of the kind, as
tlic next day's fighting proved.
Tiie battle raged with varying successes until Pope ordered another gen
eral advance upon Jackson's line. He thought Jackson was directly in front
of him, and he made his arrangements with thut idea.
SOUTHERN ARMY But Longstreet had come up. unknown to pope.
SPRINGS TRAP. Longstrecl's army und Jackson's were drawn up in
the shape of the letter "V." The opening of the
wedge faced the Union lines. Thus, instead uk attacking a foe directly in
front of them. Pope marched his army into the mouth of the funnel-shaped
Confederate formation—between* two jaws ot a trap. And the Jaws closed
upon the Union army. Thut is the simplest way of describing the third day's
fighting. Says Abbott:
Nothing was left for Pope but to save what he could from the wreck, to
get his army off the field and out of danger with tiie least possible Joss. it
was Bull Run repeated, save that in this second battle the retreat of the Union
army was orderly, not a rout."
The total Union loss was 14,800 to the Confederates 10,700. As a result of
(he defeat Pope was dropped from command of the beaten army und was
detailed to less important service in the west.
In parliament. This statement was
published in (ho Methodist Times of
\\ O Strive ft*»* vu'tnrv bni'diiRP wo
for victory because w
want lo end war altogether, not morels'
to prove the superiority of Britisli
arms over those of Germany * * *
"When victory in the sense of the
collapse* of the military power in the
central empires Vs at last achieved,
we shall be confronted with tiie task
of translating military success into its
political, economic and social equiva
lents in this country and every other.
It wiH not be a democratic victory if
it results merely in the restoration of
tlic capitalistic regime which the war
has discredited and destroyed. Vic
tory for the people means something
more than tlic continuance of the old
system of production for the profit of
a small owning class, on the basis of
wage slavery for the producing classes.
*1 he hard, cruel, competitive system of
production must be replaced by a sys
tem of co-operation under which the
status of the workers will be revolu
tionized. and in which the squalor and
poverty, the economic insecurity and
social miseries of the past will have
no place. This Is the great task be
! fere the statesmen and politicians of
| ** ,(> future."
I . " r . hav ® il r *Fht to expect much
I from such a leadership.
I - _
J. II. McGUUUEY.
DOING HER BIT.
A PliUedelphia servant sought her
mistress with the announcement that
her mother was sick, and that the
therefore desired permission to go
home for a few days.
"Certainly," s&id the Woman, but
do not stay longer than necessary,
as wc need you."
A week passed and not a word fiera
the maid. Then a note came which
"Dear Mrs. Jones: I will i>e back
me. as my mother is dying as fast as |
she can. Harper's. j
An optimist is one who refuses to
face the facts.—Columbia eB. u. i
AA omen are hard to please. One will
klclc because her husband ia Jealous of
her and another because he is not.—
Stories of Canadians Who
Returned From War.
BY SERGEANT O. F. BRECKON,
Thirteenth Battalion of the First Ca
When you join the kilties they talk
to you and tell you tiie reputation
tiie battalion and put you on youi
honor, and you start in proud to dc
your best. We just had to live up to
it. And after all, it's a 50-50 split
We know we may be in for "Blighty'
(the English hospital) or fhe R. 1. p.
sometimes its "Rest in pieces," but
we don't really count on that. I'll toll
you how hardened the boys get to the
fear of shell fire:
There was a company pioneer by
the name of Harpcry—one of the
original boys. One day we went into
a section of a trench at Sanctuary
Woods, and there was a little water
in the trench, perhaps four or five
inches. An officer came along and
there sat liarpery upon the' parados
"What are you doing there?" .de
manded the O. C. "Get down from
there before you're killed." Harpery
lmd been with tiie boys of the battalion
for a long time and had grown a bit
slovenly. "What do you think?" he
said. "Think I'm going down there to
get my feet wet?"
Dan Ryan of the first original bat
talion of the 13th R. H. C. used to vow
he'd like a trip to "Blighty." IVo were
going down from the line one afternoon
and passed a tree with a hole in it—
a fixed rifle marking it. Ryan said
"Here's where I can work 'Blighty
now. for sure," anti he waved hi?
handkerchief daringly over and over
as lie passed. No, wc only think ol
"Blighty," never think of getting killed
But later Dad Ryan was going dwon
to a sunken road dugout to get rations
and that day. passing the same tree, he
got a beautiful "Blighty" iu his rig-lit
shoulder. I saw him being propped
up and getting first aid. He called
"I got my 'Blighty.' "
I didn't get it until the last day tiie
Canadian division was in the Ypres
salient. Just as vte started to mardi
down to the Somme I was hit by a ma
chine gun hüllet. Was unconscious
about 33 or 33 hours. But now I'm
nly 20 tier cent disabled. I enlisted
again only a few months after going
home. When I'm physically fit I would
be willing to go back again for men are
needed badly over there.
How to Lift Yourself
by Your Bootstraps
Tlic instance of the man who tried
to lift himsdf by his bootstraps is an
ld figure of speech to describe an ex
tremely foolish waste of energy, the
downward pressure of the feet on the
ground being equal to the upward pull
on the «traps. Professor J. P. Drake
of the Kansas state normal school has
proved, however, that a man can lift
himself by an upward puli.
A chain made fast to a beam was
run through a loose pulley, attached to
stone. Standing on the latter, a maiY
grasped the end'of the chain and with
igorous upward pull raised him
spring balance on the chainVegistered
;joq pounds, the combined weight of
the man and the stone, but as an equal
downward pressure had to be over
come the total weight lifted was 690
pounds. The principal of the loose
pulley is that each chain holds half
the load, so 300 pounds was supported j
by the chain made fast to the beam, I
while the man actually raised ihe re- |
maimng S00. - -, - • - _
^ Player and Hia Audience.
IBs fingers press upon the keyes as tho
Ilia hands were dripping thick with
The sweetness does not cloy; It seems
to stir up
All sorts of greasy sentiments that
Maudlin and morbid. Tears begin to
Young girls breathe heavily or sob
Matrons and spinsters dream of things
He piles tlic pathos on—adagio.
Tlic concert ends. The powder-puffs
A dying buzz—and people go about
Their idleness or drudgery as be
fore. . . .
And in his taxi no one hears him say,
"I'll have to dye my hair; it's almost
There was a time they used to weep
The Lay of the Government Lady.
Anna Maria Sophia Jones
Was just a bundle of skin and bones—
Tlic sort of woman you often meet
With knobbledy lingers and large flat
Her haft- was dragged behind in ai
And she had dinner when you have
The Government Lady cainc lo iho
With printed leaflets—dozens and
She spoke to Maria firmly and long—
And all that Maria did was wrong.
She oughtn't to peel potatoes and boil
She oughtn't to waste the pods of tho
She oughtn't to stew and stew her tea;
She oughtn't to feed lier baby on bread
Before it bad ever a tooth in its head—
(Anna Sophia, mother of five.
Three were dead but two were alive.
Always had given her baby bread
Before it had ever a tooth in its head.)'
She oughtn't to spend her money on
She oughtn't to stuff up tho drain of
She oughtn't to shut out air and light;
She oughtn't to close her window at
(Anna Maria Sophia Jones
Always fastened her window-click,
Air in a bedroom made her sick.)
She oughtn't to buy herself ready
She oughtn't—she oughtn't—Oh, good
ness knows*. . .
Before the Government Lady had
Anna Sophia was highly offended.
Anna Maria Sophia Jones
Was just a bundle of skin and bones—
The sort of woman you often meet
With knobbledy fingers and large flat
Her liair was dragged behind in a
And she had dinner when you have
But Anna Maria had spirit within
The spirit that makes a saint of a
When she saw what was right sho
went and did it,
And then, if need was, afterward hid
Anna Maria Sophia Jones
Asked in dull and colorless tones
The Government lauly to walk inside,
Opened the door of tlic passage w ide,
Took a chopper and hit her hard.
And buried the body in tiie yard.
—E. C. in the Westminster Gazette.
The Clever and the Good.
If the good were only clever.
And tlic clever were only good.
The world would bo better than ever
AYe thought it possibly could.
But, Oh! it is seldom or never
That things happen just ;
Tiie good are so harsh to the clever.
The clever so rude to the good!
—"An Etonian" in the Outlook,
What Will Be Labors
Part in Peace Parley
face of military repression, be able to
voice an organized protest against the
annexationist plans of the kaiser?
Charlton Bales Strayer in Leslie's.
British labor, which occupies a po
sition of growing importance in Brit
ain's conduct of the war, having as
sured the Russian Bolsheviki erf sub
stantial agreement with their war
alms, has now sont a message to Ger
many. At the annual conference of the
I*abor party. President Purdy declared
thut "a negotiated peace while Ger
many occupies the territory of others
would tie a German victory," and that
if Germany would not accept the terms
laid down by President AVtlson. Lloyd
•eorge and the Labor party, "wc will
fight on." The conference called upon
the workingmen of Germany and
Austria to declare their war aims, and
to influence their governments to make
statements of their aspirations in order
to sec if the declarations of all the
powers would provide a basis for the
negotiation of a lasting peace. The
dissolution of the constituent assem
bly by Lenine shortly after it met at
Petrograd does not. speak well for
democracy in Russia. The Bolsheviki
have shown up in the best light in the
way they have held up the peace
parley at Brest-Litovsk. Resenting
the refusal of Germany to evacuate
territory occupied by her anfly. the
Bolsheviki Telegraph agency at Petro
grad says: 'the significance of the
Brest-Litovsk pourparlers arc that
they stripped from German imperial
ism its false edats, temporarily bor
rowed from the democratic wardrobe,
and exposed the cruel reality of an
nexaîionism of owners and capitaliste.'*
Austro-Hungarian workmen spoke in a
strike that compelled the government
for the first time to deal directly with
Will German workmen, in the
xml | txt