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soutien . for is the *oid reliable ' THE DAILY MISSOULIAN U 44 'eûery everywhere. VOL. XL1V. NO. 303. MISSOULA. MONTANA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 27, 1918. PRICE FIVE CENT§ t :.......■■■atf I LABEL GERMANS CURSED MINIONS OF THEIR KAISER Proclamation Urges Workers to Give Last Breath in Country's Defense. TEUTONS SEEK TO PUT CAPITALISTS IN POWER Resistance to Hun Advance Continues ty Grow and Fighting Begins. Petrograd, Feb. L'6. — An official proclamation issued today, calling up on the people to defend the capital, says: "In spite of the fact that the gov ernment has accepted the peace condi tions imposed by the German and Austrian governments, the imperial ist assassins are, nevertheless, con tinuing their monstrous advance into the inner part of Russia. The cursed minions of William and the German iKalcdines, together with the White Guards are advancing again and shoot ing the soviets, reconstituting the power of the landlords, bankers and capitalists and preparing for the res toration of the monarchy. ' The revolution is in peril. A mortal blow will bo struck against Red Petro grad. If you workers and peasants wish to retain power and the power of the soviets you must fight those hordes, who now arc seeking to devour you to the last gasp. "The decisive hour has struck. Workers and all oppressed men and women, you must swell the ranks of the Red battalions. To arms, all of you, that the struggle may only cease with the last breath!" Resistance Growing. That resistance to the German ad vance is growing is shown by the re ports of fighting which continues in the vicinity of Pskov. This town bus changed hands several times. The German detachments which first en tered Pskov were very small, but they have since been reinforced. There is a general belief that the Germans are moving forward hastily because supplies of ammunition worth 400,000,000 rubles are concentrated iu the neighborhood of Pskov. The Rus sians. however, are taking measures to guard the railway and are sending more soviet troops to Pskov. l-ater advices say that tin- soviet armies are now everywhere resisting the invaders. At Narva, the garrison and workmen have formed an army of la.OOn and gone to Revu!. There are similar reports from Cuswulk. Great activity is manifested at the Bolshevik headquarters in Petrograd, and arms and ammunition are being distributed. Americans to Leave. Realizing the seriousness of the situ ation, the American ambassador and his staff made preparations Monday to emit Petrograd with the Chinese and Japanese diplomats, who are arrang ing to depart. The ambassador in formed the state department at Wash ington that the Gorman army then was only eight hours' march from Petro grad. On the various buttle fronts opera tions similar to those that have been in progress for several weeks con tinue. Daily the Americans on their sector northwest of Toul are under a heavy German artillery fire, but they are answering the enemy guns with spirit and effectively shelling the en emy's front line trenches, battery po sitions and wire entanglements. Found and Returned A lady lost a valuable gold watch. She wanted it returned, so did the most sensible snd natural thing— put an ad in The Missoulian. Here's the ad: LOST — GOLD OPEN FACE watch in chamois case, with monogram R. E. C. Between Milwaukee depot and Borg Jewelry store. Reward. Re turn Missoulian. It was found and returned the ,ame day and the reward paid. If it*a quick results you want, the classified columns of The Missou lian are always on the job. WHEATLESS DAY TODAY. Th« w««th«r Serve ''war bread" on wheatless days and for wheatless meals. Serve "Victory bread" at all other times. Be careful in the saving of fats and sugars. Forecast — Generally fair on Wednesday and Thuraday; coldar Wednesday and in southern por tion Thursday. Thuraday. LOCAL OBSERVATIONS. Maximum 39 Minimum 16 At 6 a. m. 26 At 6 n. m. 30 Ninety-nine per cent spring was yes terday, despite the fact that early risers found new fallen snow »it streets that had been slushy the day before. A few minutes of warm sunshine did away with the snow, and in the afternoon the Irrepressible golfers were rushing the season all around the country club links. FROM OTHER POINTS. City Min. .... 34 lax. 40 Id 4 S Moorheiul ........................... 4d .... 42 46 34 r,*> Havre ................................... .... 30 34 38 .... 30 34 .. 44 40 .... 30 42 .... 30 36 Mlnnedosa ........................... .... '20 NO 0AN6ER NOW FOR AUTOCRACY Senator Says Wilson Should Have Vast Power, but Not After End of War. P.rldepnrt, Conn., Feb. 26. -Declaring there is no cause for alarm in confer ring vast [lowers upon President Wil son for war purposes Senator James Watson. Republican of IndlanH. In an address before the Manufacturers' association here tonight said the only danger would be iu falling to limit this power to the period of the war. Many are alarmed lest we drift into autocracy," said the senator, "but very much depends upon the president's In tentions in asking the power and tlie length 'of time for whicli it I« be stowed. if we confine the term mid operation of this authority to the pe riod of the war there is no Just cause for alarm, ltut if we confer It f"r pe riods long after the war then is there grave cause for apprehension. Needed in War Time. This bestowal of power upon the president in war time and for war pur es is not only not dangerous, but may be. and much of it is necessary. But to bestow this authority upon him now and expressly provide that it shall continue long after the war is over, Is precisely the same as If lie bud sought this great authority long before the war began." Senator 'Watson declared that not withstanding the fears of many pepoli the constitution is still in force and the president holds his iKisition by virtue of its provisions. He said the congress had conferred no additional power upon the president as com man der-in-ehief of the army and navy. The only additional power which lias been conferred, lie explained, was that con cerned with the industrial Uf< of the nation. SUBMARINE CHASER HAS EXCITING TRIP Arrives in Port After More Than Month Lost. ■Washington. Feb. 26.—Saf-- arrival at an Europisan port of a 110 foot subma rine chaser. with a French crew aboard, which had not been heard from nine* January 15, was announced today by the navy department. The little craft was sejiarated from her escort during a terrific gale, while bound for Europe. Secretary Daniels announced the news in this statement: ''I was delighted to receive a message today telling of the arrival in port of an American-built submarine chaser, which became separated from her escort in the terrific gale of January 15. had not been reported since that time and which we feared was lost. "In the storm, which was one of the worst on record, the engines were dis abled and the boat left adrift far out at sea. The crew managed to rig up a sail made from lied coverings and were able to make two or three knots an hour before the wind. There were no navigating instruments tx.pt a compass aboard, and the craw bad to estimate their positions. They sailed for 33 days, going on short rations, and finally reached port." REVEALS IMPAIR METHODS TAKEN 8Ï PACKING MEN Heney Shows How Compan ies Attempted to Under sell Small Dealers. LOBBIED TO DEFEAT LAW FOR WORKERS Tried to Buy Good Will of Wajçe Arbitrators With Church Donation. Chicago, Feb. 26.-~Testinii.iii> to sub stantiate charges that the big Chicago puckers eliminated the little poultry and egg dealers by under selling them, by setting up "dummy" firms, by use of special railway facilities, and by other unfair means, was introduced at the hearing conducted by Francis .1. Heney, before Samuel W. Tutor, ex aminer for the federal trade commis sion today. W. F. Priebe, who is said by Mr. Heney to be drawing a salary from Swift. Co., while serving the govern ment on the food administration at $1 a year was accused of being especially active in the epamlang sliidlu mil ml) active In the' cumpulgn against the small dealers. Lobbied Against Laws. Mr. Heney sought to show tjiat t in packers lobbied in state capitals dur ing the consideration of laws to butter labor conditions, tiiat they sought to Increase negro help in the packing .plants, and that in general fought ugainst all legislation for-the good of the workers. In one Instance, according to Mr. Heney, the packers had tmulc a dona tion to Is- used at a church bazaar to Mrs. J. J. .Healey, wife of an ar bitrator tor the Illinois industrial board, before whom disputed cases of workingmen's compensation were henrd. Donates to Church. it might lie advisable to tnak- sotu klnd of a donation to Mrs. Healey. I would advise alaiut $15 worth of out products," read a part of a letter w rit ten by It. A. Gembridi of the Wilson & Co. legal department, to V. D. Skip worth, vice president of the firm. In instructing the wholesale depart ment to deliver $15 worth of goods to Mrs. Healey. Mr. Hkipworlh wrote that hi* wanted .the donation to appear as large as possible. "Dummy" Concerns. Mr. Ileney charged that the \\. F. Priebe & Co., of Chicago, which has ten supposed to be the largest "In dependent" butter and egg dealer In the country and* whim is aileg-sl to lie owned by Swift & Co., controlled a score of creameries, and poultry ami butter and egg plants In Missouri, Il linois and Iowa, and operated them un der ''dummy" names to make them ai - ! pear they were independent firms com peting against each other. Canadian Premier Pays Visit to Lord Reading Washington. Feb. 26.—Sir Robert Borden, Canadian premier, arrived in Washington today for a scries of of ficial conferences. He spent the das with Lord Reading, the British am bassador and high commissioner and members of the British and Canadian war missions to the- United States. Tomorrow he will call on President Wilson and meet various government officials. There, was no official inti mation of the purpose of the premier's visit other than that he came to dis cuss with Lord Reading matters con cerning British war work in Canada and in the United State« heard tnen of international reputation argue for and against the ratification by the New York legislature of the federal prohibition amendment. Will >am Jennings Bryan led the prohibition forces. His principal opponent was Samuel Oomperr, president of the!*" j American Federation of Labor, w ho was seconded by former United 8 la tea Senator Bailey of Texas. There were rqony other speakers less widely I known. Bryan Leads Debate on Prohibition in New York Albany, N. Y.. Feb. 26.—For more than five hour* today a crowded audi ence in the room and galleries of the assembly chamber of the state capitol Last Word in Commandeering . : tfc'esr'- -e w.. ,'v ■ -Vs v Th« it 's no limit. It I <>i 1 it apnropi a haliy t »I win«* h«' w j I N takln to his ms, to w;ial tin* arm. «s will tonumin.fir. Thin rriHK*' the onl.\ vehicle Immh \vh«*n tin* hum* I omnulf'S in tin» Imu lt« s b. tin,, too Iteuvv. Germans Make Heavy Gas Attack on American Line Three Soldiers Killed and Nine Badly "Gassed" in Sudden Hun Raid. With tIi«* Am«*ri Feb* -6.—By the* Throe* American ami nine badly ' mLiable #'*8 uttar -m Ann.\ in Frunçc, NxHOyluted Piohh. • •idlers wire killed in twu for ma dr by the tier American pimitioriK in the earl, this morning with nutn.s on tin Toul hector 1 rojeetor». The enemy also heavily bombarded fio* American batterie» with ga» »hell», but without roHult». Only the excellent preparatory train ing- in qulckneHM by the American troop», prevented the projector attack», the first experienced by them, from causing more to ualtieh. Two Attacks Made. The attack» w«/<* made within la minute» of each other and were di rected ;it n certain wood. Seventy five eight-inch shell« of xO per cent ga» and 20 high • xplonive «hell» were filed from fJ« mum Minen worfor. Tin* flight of the projectile« wax traced through tip* air, and ga» shell» burst ing In tiie ait and the high explosive» detonating when they came in contact i with the earth. 1. rgc fragments of j »hell« flew from both nii»»ilc». The g«» caught s-.rnc of the nu n I», fore they were hie to adjuxf the inaxk» and overearm other» while tin were a»lerp j rl dugout». Railroad Superintendent Arrested for Remarks international Fall«, Minn., Feb. 26. B. 1). Fischer, superintendent ,,f u„. Minnesota, Dakota and Western Rail road, with headquarters here, was ar rested today for making remarks tend ing to discourage enlistments. He was placed under bonds and his prelimi nary hearing set for Thursday. Voting men in his offlc* recently re signed In order to be prepared to go forward with the draft quota. Fischer is quoted as saying that any man who would go aérons the ocean to fight was a fool and is accused of having made other alleged seditious remarks. ARREST TRAIN ROBBER. Incago, Feb. £6,- I'olice tonight de. dared that Harry Wade, arrested here recently in connection wdth a general drive against crime, has boon identified as one of the three men who, in Febru ary, 1314. killed three tjaaoengtfie on a Great Northern train in SkagU county, Washington, and escaped in a launch to San Juan Island. OUTBREAK IN IRELAND. London, Feb. 26.—-The outbreak of lawlessness In county Flare, Ireland, It is announced officially, render,id nec essary Sunday the sending of addition al troops to the county to assist th< police. County Clare has been de c l ür, d a special area under the defense t * u ' rca ' m " cl ' __ — -T7 3 ' HINDUS. • VaM Francisco. I,-lx -The defense case of 31 Hindus and others w ho are on trial here fot alleged cun »Piracy to overthrow British rule in India is exeptced to open tomorrow 1 following the closing of the prosecu I tion* late today. I • Shake Glendive Operator Re ports Lengthy Tremor. UlHinarek. X. I> Feb. them Purifie operator Mont., called up the ill; thl» evening, reporting a quake of « t Ill e« unking the railw tain wiiether tie* quaL corded at 1lo North : The Not - ât (Jlendive, arch Htution loleut earth oiuJk' duration and office here to asrer h«d been re* skotu head quait'iM ot tie Weather bureau here. The nearest point at which a quake might In* recorded Im I louver. The tremors Glondivo reported lei'ii very noticeable and were commented on 1,1 liti/eiiM on the streets at the time. The hour was 5 . 5 ;, , >. m,, moun tain time. Buge buildings quivered, say* tin report, and the populace gen eiuli sustained a severe fright. REVEAL I. W. W. PLOTS IN NORTHWEST ( AMI'S Planned tu Destroy Spruce Work ot Government. • < t. K\ Hh'iin marshal'» lid on lh<' H flu* Indu» orkl <li»t,io»4<i >f <l«»t motion I *ui Ua ml, Hil/»(i by tti« Unll'«i Stuf offh <• HuHinbA ni^ht in < Foitlaml li* MlquarU tm <> Dial Woji.tis of Mm Wn Um* ' xisU im *»! ;» | i<*t thriHitf hont (Im* northTrio proof of U»o plot was miifJo piibU« hr*re to day at the preliminary trial in Um* municipal court of ihn 2*1 a t reated Home urn* Im-W for f«*d< r»l invi ntiga tion, other« wor** «'iif to Jail for JO to 30 liny» and »« viral win niuatted. Tin plot v.a» «Ii»<iotm<l by k-tter» H«îi/« fl tiy ChaTÎfo» W. Itoi/inon, »p«r:lul Kovi-rnm« til »Kent—a plot to diuor Kani/.* an«! do daman«* in Hm «pruc«* camp» In the na.rthw<-«t, when; Hprucc I» bcluK turned out for airpJanci*. The i<*tt«*r» «.lit*«' lo»«*d that much of Hi«* plot wait directed from Sjokan» . where Kr«*«l II« «■«:«*, »« •*»« tary-tmj»ur« r wa« aJJ«?g«*d by the authoritU*» to be laying the plans for d Korean IzinK' t h « * s(»r«ico production campaign. Town ley laments Defeat of Bill to Aid Farmers St. Paul, Feb. 26.-A. C. Townley, president of the National N'on-Purtt *a/i league, when told tonight that the Baer lull, appropriating $50.000,000 to aid farrmrx in raising larger crops had failed in committee, said that the fail ure of this measure to be reported from the committee was a blow at war production, which may ,lo this country and Its allies more r*al dam age than a disastrous defeat along the j western front. • ARCHBISHOP DIES. Philadelphia, Feb. 26.—The Most P.< v. Edmond Francis Prendergaat, archbishop of Philadelphia, died at the I Arcr.-Kpiscpoal residence here tonight, jof diabete». He was stricken on De • cember 15 last, and had been confined to his bed virtually ever since Ho was |;r. hi* seventy-fifth year. e fi . j • $ of rierthng s Peace Address Amsterdam, Fell. 26. I'olluwiiig is .1 formal report of 1'haneellor veil licit links speech vesteiilnj in the retch stag: Al ter a few |u ellmliuil > femui ks hy Dr. Hernmnu S. i'ansetie. vice |u«*sl dent id ttie leielistag 11 ml the first reading <*f the budget, Fount von Hurt ling arose and said: "The relehstag has a rigid to revolve an explanatory statement in regard to the foreign situation and the attitude ol the government concerning It. 1 will meet the obligation arising there from, even though I entertain certain doubts as to the utlliii and success ot dialogues carried on by ministers ami statesmen of belligerent connu h s. To Show Color*. "Mr. Runelmun In llie house of com mons recently e\| resH,il the opinion that we Would get much nearer peace it Instead id this, responsible repre sentallves of the lielligerent powers would conic together in an Intimate meeting fm discussion. I can only agree with hill) that tills would lie the way to remove numerous intentional and unintentional miNiiniiprstaadlngs and compel our enemies to take 011» word as they aie meant and on their part also to show their colors. I can not at any rate discover that the words which 1 spoke here on two occasions were received in hostile countries ah joctlvely and without préjudice. More over. discussion In an Intimate gather ing alone could lead to understanding on liiuiiy Individual questions whicli can really be settled only by compro mise. Not Rotain Belgium. it in ) h been repeatedly said that we do not contemplât» retaining Bel gium. but that we must be safeguarded from the danger of n country with which wo desire after the war to live in peace and friendship, hagumlpg the objet or the lumping off ground of enemy machinations. "If. therefore, a proposal came from the opposing side, for example, from tiie govern mon l m Havre, we should not Adopt rtn Antagonistic iuUltude, even though the discussion al first might only bo unbinding. "Meanwhile, It does not appear as II Mr. Runclmnn's suggestion ha» a chunch of assuming tangible shape, and 1 must adhere to the existing methods of dialogue across lire chan nel and ocean. Wilton Approaches Paac*. "Adopting tills inothod. 1 readily ad mit that President Wilson'» message of February 11, represents, perhaps, a small step toward 11. mutual ii 1 I rouchmi.ut, I tlioiefoie puns over tlx- pi élimina 1 y and excessively long declarations in order to address my - self Immediately to the four prin ciples, which In President Wilson's opinion, must lie applied In a mutual exchange of views, "Tho first clause says that each part of the final settlement must be based upon the essential Justice of that particular case and upon such yd lustnieiits as are now most likely to bring a |ea,e that will I,,; permanent Must Hava Juatica. "Who would contradict this' The phrase coined by the Great l , *albcr of the 1'hurvli Augustin, I,.os years ago 'Justitia I unda meid uni regnornm iBgliorurn' is still valid today. < ', 1 tuin It is that only peine based In all its ^p.uts on lb, principles of justl, • has a pros| ect of end 11 j a re.!.. "Tho second claum- expresses the desire that peoples and pi, «vîmes shall not he Isirtereil about linm sovereign re chut - ty to sovereignty as if tin lels will pawns In a pine, even tin great game, now forever discredited Of the tyiluhcu of power. "This, clause, too, can I* uncondi ttonally assented to. Indeed, one won ders that the president ol tin t uiti Stales considered It n< cessai y to . m phaxlzc It anew. This clause euqtalm a. polemic against conditions long van. Isliod, views ugainst cabinet politic: and cabinet wars, against mixing »(ai, territory and princely and privat property, which belong to a. past that Is far behind us. No Mors Without Right». I do not want to Ik dis ourteou: but when one remembers the , tu ihr utterances of President Wilson, me might think that he is laboring under the Illusion that there exists in G. r many an antagonism between an auto cratic government and a mass js'ople without rigiits. "And yet President Wilson know.; - as, ,-U. ajiy rat« tho German edition of his iKK-k on tho state proves—German polit hu4 lit,nature, and ho know.-, therefore, that wdth us princes and froverniiU'iU« arc the highest members of tiie nation •> a whole, organized in the form of a. state, the highest mem bers with Whom the final decision lie«. But, seeing that they also, as the su preme organs, belong to the whole, the decision is of such a nature ihuL onlv the welfare of the whole is the. guid ing line for a decision to be taken. It may be useful expressly to point this out to President Wilson's country men. "Then, finally, at the close of the second clause, the game of the balance of power is declared to be forever dis credited. We, too, can only gladly ap (Continued on Pag,; Three.}* WASHINGTON CAN SEE LITTLE m FOR SETTLEMENT Bdiieve Von Hertling Only Attempting to Deceive German People. EFFORT TO DIVIDE BRITISH SENTIMENT Endeavors to Peint Picture That Kaiser is Anxious to End Struggle. Washington, Feb. 2«. —Count votl I left ling's speech In the relehstag yeg-. tcrduy continuing the discussion of the war aims ->i the belligerent powers, Jim not changed I lie situation in the opin ion of high officials here, instead of marking mi advance toward peace, it In regarded rather as deliberately calcu lated to strengthen the humis of Mm G erman militaristic party hy endoav oring lo convince the German pnttoUr riut ot 1 lie Impracticable nature of President Wilson's aims as disclosod In ills last addrcsH to congres on Feb ruary II. . While stating Ills readiness to accept tiie president's four fundamental prin ciple., for a basis of peace, the Oer mou chMhceUor dismissed them a* idealst tc find unworkable by insist lac that they must depend for their ap plication upon the realization of coijdi tlons which cannot b* met. In the otite dal view Ids treatment of the subject wo« ironies 1 and designed for very dlf-. feront ends Uiun the advancement of peace. No Formal Comment, There will be no immediate formal comment upon this latest contribution lo llie debate on war alma and peace aspirations. Experience ling taught of ficials t|uii Important qualifications are lo he found usually In the full Idtt of the speeches of the spokesmen of tbe central powers. Attention was directed tiy officials io President Wilson's former charàc terlzilllon of the German chancellor'« utterances as "very vague and confut ing." sud It was said that the presi dent's ruminent had u peculiarly apt application lo the speech of yesterday In whicli Von Hertling signified his fundamental agreement wirli President Wilson's four principles. President Wilson In Ids last jiddrtyis to congres.» said of the chancellor's speech delivered a few days liefere: "Ills discussion und acceptance of our gi neral principles lend him to no practicable conclusions, lie refuse* to apply them in the substantial Item« whl,It inusi e-instltute the body of any final settlement." Divide British Government, As il endeavoring 1,1 divide the aenti iii.i- of 1 he p-i.pl, -if Great Britain the spokesman for the German govern iiu-iii -heluied that tile world is long Inr. for peace, hut Hint the government of eoiiiitri-'i enemy to Germany wer» iiiliiimiiii' tin- pa lion for war. "There m-, h- added -Ir.iiiei 1 uajly, "other voue 1-1 I-, heard iu England. It is hop..I Hi.se voiles will multiply," j A t whole the chancellor's address I aus devoid of rancor, the speaker j e.inhigly having us Ids purpose to [ p.nut a picture to those at home who are dir. .itbfled with the war lit gen ii r.I and th, resumption of hoRtilitlex lag.iiii: ' Eie sin, how generous Germany : < i 11 e! 11 ai I to he To tins end lie wont It., tiie point ol declaring iliat Germany ! had 1.0 ,h sir. to retain conquered ter jntory In 1 '. ci land, Esthonia, Lithunia : 1 I, 1 "ni,. within her grasp. In fact, a hr... i assertion was made that , rm n, . t.r, "id operations in ltua a wem being earriod out solely to , -i i" the finit« of Uic laacc stw liud I signed vv it ii llie Ukraine. Railroad Wage Commission Ends Work on Advance Fay Washington, Feb. 26.—Hearing be-, for. tin railroad wage commission in, 1rs work f making recommendation» for the most extensive wage adjufrt n,. it ever undertaken were concluded today It was said officie Uy that th», coimntssioner's decisions as to what classes of the 1.250,000 railroad work ers should receive increases and the amount the increases would be com municated to the director general possibly V.y March 15. Musician Expelled From Union Shoots Three Men Han Francisco, Feb. 26,-— Three mem bers of the Musicians' union were shot today by a tel low member who had been ordered expelled because ho, bpR refused to stand when the Star «MV lilt'd Rannt !* wn» nlnvo#1 iqxMxN»!» !«•* gled Banner was played recently 7 In the cl\1c autitorium. The fTitflW* member fired si^ shot» Into a. crowd qC union members, three taking effect.