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THE DAXEÜT MISSOTTT T A 1ST g
Llthp êvûry tVryrthtr*. VOL. XLIV. NO. 304. MISSOULA, MONTANA, THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 28 . 191 S. PRICE FIVE CEBITS. GERMANY NEARS BREAK WITH AUSTRIA HUNSOCIILISfS HRMLr OPPOSE , RECENT SPEECH Declare They Did Not Enter War to Dismember Russia in Any Manner. DO NOT DESIRE PEACE WITH ENEMY BY FORCE Held Recent Strike Only to Demonstrate Wishes for Freedom and Bread. Amsterdam, Feb. 27.—In the debate on Chancellor von HeHling's speech, Phillip SchekTetnnnn, the Socialist lender, said: "We fought for the defense of the fatherland against barbarism - and ngains_t the entente's plans of conquest. Wo did not, however, tight for the dismemberment of Russia, or the sub jugation of Belgium. The govern ment's policy toward Russia is not ours. Want Real Peace. "True, the Bolshevik! played into the hands of all disintegrating tendencies in Russia, but we do not desire a peace t*Ith the entente like that which is being concluded with Russia. The government must remain ready for real peace by understanding. "The independence of Belgium must he secured and the Flemings and Wal loon»' must settle their differences among themselves. We do not desire the humiliation of the enemy or peace by force." Striksz for Freedom. Discussing the recent strikes Herr ScheJdemann said that they were to be attributed to food difficulties, uneasi ness over the machinations of politi cians and delay in the Franchise re form. There were no traitorous objects, he declared, for, at the time there was an abundance of munitions on hand, and the coal scarcity necessitated holi day shifts. The strike was a demon stration In favor of peace, freedom nnd bread. JAPAN PROPOSES TO ENTER SIBERIA Would Confiscate Supplies Nopr Held by Bolsheviki in That Country. Washington, Feb. 27.—Japan has di rected inquiries to the entente powers nnd the United States government to test their feeling towards a proposal to Institute Joint military operations in Siberia to save the vast quantities of war supplies stored at Vladivostok and along the Siberian railroad. Criticism at home of the failure of Japan to piny n larger part tn the war is said to have been influential in bringing about ■the negotiations. Officials here refuse to discuss this subtoot for publication, but it is under stood that so far as America is con cerned the proposition when first broached was not wholly acceptable though the exchanges on the subject which nre still in progress may result In modifying the government's atti tude. Many Supplies. Accumulated at Vladivostok are mil itwy supplies of all kinds, much of American manufacture and even grewtej-. quantities of Japanese origin. whlcCl i were delivered long before th< BotshCP'lki took possession of the Rus sian gtpremment. The material suf fers greatly from deterioration through exposure to the weather and from other causes, but the principal matter of concern to the allies is the danger that.the stores' shall fall into the hands of the Germans, who may make their delivery one of the conditions of any peace treaty which they are shout to compel the Bolsheviki to sign. TANK STEAMER SUNK. Philadelphia. Feb. 27.—The tank steamyr Santa. Maria has been tor pedoed and sunk off the Irish coast, accord!rtS to a cable received here to day. Tt>c crew was saved. The Santa Maria was of 8,300 tons dead weight and was owned by the Sun company of Philadelphia. TWO AMERICANS KILLED. Colon, Feb. 27.—Two Americans, whose names are not known, have been kill'd in the Costa Rican Insurrection, according to a message received here Crum Certain He Can Prove True Loyalty Miles City, Feb. 27.—At noon to day Sergennt-at-Arms D. I,. Good man, served upon Judge C. L. Crum of the Fifteenth judicial district, the articles of impeachment pre sented by the house which will be heard by the state senate sitting ns a trial court on March 20. The hill of impeachment attacher! to the summons contains six counts. "l was very courteously received by Judge Crum," Sergeant Good man stated. "He accepted service and then, in explanation of his fail ure to make a statement relative to the case previous to this time, re cited the serious illness of his son, who has been hovering between life and death for several weeks, as the result of an operation for cancer, nnd who required his constant nt temlajico at his bedside. "The judge requested me," con tinued Mr. Goodman, "to state that he did mu feel in a trame of mind to nmk? any public statement rela tive in the charges which cast a re flection upon tiis loyally and inlcg rity. At tills time, however, lie de sired to say to the public that he is an American of the old stock and that when his case comes to trial he will prove beyond doubt that the charges filed against him are un true. Further than that he did not care to enter into details." DEMANDS DEATH OF IMPERIALISM Balfour Declares England Will Not Cease Until Rule Terminates. London, Feb. 27.—Foreign Secretary Balfour, replying today to the speech of Count von Hertling. the German imperial chancellor, regarding the doc trine of the balance of power, said that until German militarism had become a thing of the past and there was in existence a hall or court armed with legislative powers making the weak as safe as the strong, it would never be possible to ignore the principles under lying the .struggle' for the balance of the power. No Hop* Found. Mr. Balfour told the house of com mons, which he was addressing, that he was unable to find in Von llertling's speech any basis for fruitful conversa tion or hope for peace. The chancel lor's attitude concerning Belgium, said Mr. Balfour, was completely unsatis factory and his lip services to Fresi dent Wilson's propositions was not ex emplified in German practice. "I am convinced that I should be do ing ait injury to the cause of peace if I encouraged the hb-n that there Is any use in beginning these verbal negotia tions until something like a general agreement is apparent In the distance and until the statement of all the coun tries see their way to that broad set tlement, which, it is my hope, will hriqg peace to this sorely troubled world." Justifies Attitude. Secretary ltalfour Justified his pre vious attitude on the ground that Von Hertling ar.d Fount Czernln spoke aft er a conference and agreement. He said that Richard Holt, radical member of parliament, whose amendment to the address to the throne expressing regret concerning the decision of the Ver (Conttnued on Page Nine* CAT "WAR BREAD" TODAY. Evsry bit of whsat flour saved is a blow at the kaiser. "War broad" is composed of SO per cent substitutes. One meal each day should bo meat less. Montana and North Dakota: Fair Thursday and Friday; warmer Thursday. LOCAL OBSERVATIONS. Maximum ..... 56 Minimum ..... 16 At 6 a. m. 20 At 6 p. m.......37 Missoula received Its first real touch of spring weather yesterday and there were not a few who did not complain of the first symptoms of spring fever. The weather man predicts more weather just like yesterday. Fity— Bismarck Duluth ____ Huron ____ Moorhead Omaha St Fau! WUIiston Denver Havre . Helena Salt Lake Portland .. Spokane . Calgary — Min. Max. 2« 28 ........ IX 24 ..... .. 2* 38 ________ 1* 20 _____ JÎ 42 » ......... 28 34 _____ 2« 2* _____20 30 ________ 3« 34 i ......._ 30 34 ___34 34 ........ . 48 48 _____38 38 .......36 4« ____28 33 Hat ............ '..... 3« 34 L ..................... _______ 4 10 _______ 4 12 INTERCEPTED HUN I LETTERS REVEAL CRAVEN INTRIGUE! I ' ! German Scheme Put Band of j Plotters Amidst Mem bers of Entente. IMPLICATE BRITISH NOBEL PRIZE WINNER Involve Noted Oriental Statesman in Proposed Hindu Revolt. San Francisco, Fell. 27.—The Fnlted States government marie public here today intercepted German diplomatic correspondence intended to show how German machinations carried a band of Hindu plotters into the private audi ences of ministers nnd statesmen anil financed lavishly their aims toward revolution in British India. Secret papers introduced by the gov. eminent purported to show that Sir Rabindranath Tagore, British knigh! and winner of the X'obel prize for poetry, had enlisted in the interest ot Founts Okuma and Terauehl. former premier and premier respectively of Japan, in the movement to establish an independent government in India. The intercepted correspondence, however, was indefinite as to the connections be tween the Japanese statesman and the alleged Hindu conspirators. The name of IVu Ting Fang, former Chinese min ister to the t'niteri States was also mentioned in the documents as one of the persons with whom Sir Rabindra nath had obtained a friendly interview. Sant From Hun Quarters. The papers were all introduced by the government in closing its case against the .70 defendants charged with fomenting a revolution against a friendly power. The correspondence which was sent from Washington for presentation here, was dated for the most pait at Rye, N*. Y„ ut one time the summer headquarters of the German embassy. It recounted alleged favorable Inter views that Tagore had with Terauehl and Okuma, the difficulties YVu Ting Fang found in moving favorably tie cause of the Influence of Dr. Sun Yat Sen, former president of China and revealed the hitherto hidden source of Hindu funds. Mystery in Authorship. Most of the messages were in cryptic phrases. Mystery surrounds the identity of the authors as only one of them was signed, that one by Fount von Bernstorff, former German ambas sador to the Fnited States, nnd was ad dressed to Alfred Zimmerman, former German foreign secretary. It is known that this message as well as others, which were alleged to have passed between Von Bernstorff and Zimmerman, went through the hands of Fount von Luxburg, former German ambassador to Argentine. The identity of the addresses are un known likewise. Most of the messages were addressed to 11. Eisenmuth, Cop enhagen; R. Sache, Rotterdam, and R. X*. G. Ollfors at Amsterdam. The names of these persons have never ap peared in previous published reports of diplomatic messages. The documents were decoded By means of a special diplomatic code prepared by the German foreign office, the key to which was given the stale department by the German embassy before America's declaration of war. The defense stipulated that the trans lation of the documents was correct. World Ramifications. In addition to bringing into the con spiracy the names of the world-re nowned men, the documents showed. the prosecution contended, that the conspiracy had ramified to all portions of the world, into India, Japan, Chinn, Mexico, British Guinea, the West In dies, Africa. Sumatra, Canada, South America. Burma and other places. Among the activities which grew out of the conspiracy, as recorded In the documents, was the organization of the Pan-Asiatic league and other 30 34 48 38 4« 33 34 10 12 associations; the sec ret publication and distribution of thousands and thou (Contlnued on Page Eight) CERMAN GENERAL ISSUES ULTIMATUM TO RUSSIANS Petrograd. Feb. 27.—General Hoff man. commander of the German army invading Russia, has replied to a com munication from Ensign Krylenko, in quiring if an armistice would be de clared, by saying that the Teuton ad vance would be continued until a treaty of peace is signed and carried out along lines laid down in the German peace terms. WILL 1918 SEE HOSTS IN SKY? r ^ *■ ..... Ml' 'y. : cJ •" - s -r xïx i * is k< " 'TV H.'. , ' 1 \" :'iîj W::"- "'<* > ' U. S. Ready for Great Air Battles in France dieted pitched halt « between tfl«anü fleets .f American il lid siIIumI il I line on out side and *, rm.iii fiKlitinx fly ers on the other ruminent ? Will we tills si rim: see over th western front mini t rhiirgeM of «■» v airy of tlie air? "First dell vi ri**H of the 22,000 aero planes O our o<i0 ( (HI0 air j»t ok ram are now being mail *■ in Fr* tnre. "Instea ll of hon the aerial com - hâtants vill ride ir 0-rnilf Tl ho r bat - tleplancs and slay «ich ot her with J>-w is tn hi! i guns It i inte » *( in# to note t hat at the end of If* »7 the Germans wer * r< •crmtlng the )r air forces from t he c avalry. ••(Îreîit work in • head fi >r our a via - Aero Club Head Prophesies Coming Year Will See Monster Fleets. New York, Fel». 27 I* the long j»r< Alan It.- Hawley. Aero < luli of Ame. to both qUCKtiOIIK. Win i "There arc nan this y nur w ill hm In fighting in lie- an," «aid Hawley today. "I expect to .sec heavy fighting in fleets in desperate efforts of both sides to win absolute supremacy in the air. The last foul .wars of air fight ing has been hut :i tame preliminary to the lftlfl struggle. "We have excellent reason frir believ ing that the Germans have all winter been preparing to send against t he allies large air fleets of aviators who will flv In formation, and maneuver a« a single body It will be absolutely necessary for the allies to send forth large squadrons to meet them. Send Many Plane*. of the "YF.S* i>m that Bolshevik and Rumanian j Troops Wage Bitter Fight , j Berne, Feb. 27.—Continuous fighting is taking place between the Bolshevik and Rumanian troops in Bessarbb', according to a Vienna dispatch. There | has been sever»- fighting around Kish ineff BLACKMAILER GUILTY. Atlanta. Ga., Feb. 27 -J. W. Fook, ! charged with attempting to blackmail Asa G. Chandler, millionaire mayor of Atlanta, was found guilty by a Jury ! late today. He was sentenced to one year in the penitentiary and to pav I 'a fine of Al.OOo, the maximum penalty for the misdemeanor. s* First American Planes Now on Way to France Washington, Fell. 27. The first American-built buttle planes are now en route to the front in I ranee, uc< "tiling to an announce ment by tlie win department. "This first shipment, though In lu la life, nl.i i i the fi! at ov et coming of rrm» iy diff cult CM met In build Intc up thin ie\v Ull 1 lilt! irate hi diiHtrv " gay« the 81 (tenu* nt. The plane# are Pip ipped with the first j lhert> mot or frntn machine production tin. of them, in a re lent test, siirpasscjl all records for speed anil climbing for planes of • hat type. "Engine i developments abroad have made It wise to concentrai- on the high pnjyeieil engine, InstKid of the eight-cylinder." j I I | I ! tin n," says the ! efcpin a month •Ul it it y iiusis and xJu ct Jun Will be w * «*k8. Only the M >elng made, as TWENTY-NINE DROWN WHEN SHIP FOFNDERS Ttig Goes Down in Gale Off Coast of Maryland. Phi lad rlphla, F.l h. 27 - Twent ty-n'r if* are belli rved to ha vc lo St thel r llvt •tt ycNterdn V morning when the hi 'again K nüva 1 U ,g, Fbernki fe. to lindere. 1 In ft severe « ale 15 mile H Off the M« trylar •d coast. Tell *urti\ or» a rid the bodU ■»M of «Urbt other raci mber» of till y erf W Of 39 w# ■re brought here today on tw ro British rescue ships and landed at the Philadelphia navy yard. X'o trace o! the remaining members of the crew , j ; [ j . ! j ; • was found. Among those missing Is j Junior Lieutenant Edward D. Newell, t the commander of the tug. Ordinarily | the Cherokee carried a crew of 40. nut,»" one man was not aboard. According t to the captain of one of the rescuing I parties, the cause of the dlsaatei *a«! the breaking of the steering gee. f»b-miie northwest gale the time and the lit,#-, m , be mercy o mountainous seas. The ng «..s hi -mi .ro.idshie to th« waves and swallowed In the turbulent s* a un-il her hutches were bulb red in. lb was blowing at ttie vc-sel m ! 1 1 RED CROSS SHIP SUNK BY ENEMY l(i() Believed Drowned When Vessel (Joes Down Near English Coast. Fob. 27. The British hos j pltal ship Glenarl Fastle, which went alow n vesteribiy in the Bristol channel, was torpedoed, according to survivors. 7i of whom were landed lu re. Nothing iso far ha h been learned nf the fate of I others, including Ited Gross doctors, j nurses, and orderlies- There was ap proximal' ly 200 persons aboard the hospital ship, 150 of whom were rncm hers of the crew. Quartermaster flintier, who was the ! last man to leave the ship, describing tlie disaster, said Low, Dim Light. "I was on deck at the lime. A few torpedoing, Hie tu a dim ice of the It rilsap f the deck I ordered Mi then ordered I indi'il for lifeboat drill a mini teM la fore tl ic tor; helm «man ailed a ttenttm light ntckci big on the so Will# r norm distort ce off. peur d later but til -office wan lnMtant b susp cions a the . hange. He «roely given when <f fled sound of an ox plod - line. , tile aiil I I j The o, jefttne* tin ; lr»K torpedo far bt low the wut [ followed by a shock. which told um that jth** torpedo had hit it* mark. Jumped Into Sea. "A largo number of mon worn eom j |M*li**d to Jump Into th»* with life jbfltH und few of the#«- wurvlved, fur the «eu wa* no rough that it watt 1m . poMNihlo to renoue them from the llfe ! boat* Nor watt It ponttlhl# even to j keep the lifeboat* together. ; A French schooner, seven hours aft • erward picked u h up. We would all 'have perished frorn exposure had not nm relouer appeared." GERMANS AGAIN SHELL TRENCHES OF SMS j - ___ t | :th the American Army In Francs, 1 * - 7 T* 1 " enemy today heavily t "hrlled tlie American battery positions I w,,h uu * und hl « h explosive shells, whlle ,he American artillerists secured , . . . , .reached numerous working parties. | (me two . hour 2 7 enemy airplanes crossed the Ameri j can lines. One of a group of seven was shot down by anti-aircraft guns. while tti a direct hit on a large enemy dugout, w,w " r " n " IiV Ut ' rtnattl » probably were ! sheltered. The American shells also 1 'y,ictied numerous working parties. in one two-hour period last evening STRAIN BETWEEN POWERS NOW AT CRITICAL STATE Caused by Refusal of Dual Monarchy to Take Part in Drive on Russ. COOLNESS SHOWN BY EMPERORS RECENTLY Kaiser to Force Ally Into ('»»operation If Other Means Fail. Washington, Feb. 27.—Further evi dence of tlie growing strain in rela tions between Germany and Austria by the refusal of the latter lo partici pate in the renewed attack on Russia Is given in an official dispatch re ceived here today from France. It quotes tlie Austrian premier as formal ly reiterating on February 22 that Austria-Hungary will take no part In military action against Russia or Ru mania, and will not send her troops into I'krninia. The dispatch refers to the meeting between Emperors Charles and Will iam, February 22, and says there seems Utile doubt that a serious conflict *v» iirisen between thq two nutlons, which G «email y is determined to settle by vio lent measures If necessary. Ceolnees Evident. The dispatch follows; "Charles I, paid a visit to William II, th* 22nd of February. Ludendorff was present ut the Interview. If we alw to judge from th« tone of the Inter view it must have been lacking In cordiality. There seems to be ilttla doubt hut what a serious conflict has broken out timing the week between tlie courts of Vienna and Berlin, and which Germany Is determined to set tle, If need, l»y violent measures. 'Tiie Internutlonnl situation of the iltml monarchy Is such that the Vienna government, in order to avoid a catus trophe, lias been obliged to distinguish by means of public- declarations, Its own policy from that of Oermany. The report that at the conferences of Feb ruary 1-1 Hertling und Ludendorff had decided to pay no attention to the Rus sian demobilization and to prepare to begin again the conflict on the cast front, caused a great stir throughout Austria. It was not simply the dissent ing nationalities, the Czecha, the Rto venrs, or tile Boles, who do not desire In fight any more, but it Is the mas« of tin* population of German origin who refuse to sacrifice themselves any longer to assure tlie triumph of Prus sian imperialism. Austria Determined. "An official note of tlie ifith, had an nounced that Austria, for her part, would continue to consider the war as terminated with Russia and would ab stain from taking part in the open lions planned by the German command. A second note of tlie l#th, repeated th« same statement. When asked to give further particulars at the silting of th» chamber on tlie 22nd, the Austrian pre mier formally stated: "The words uttered by different Bep uties have proved that the eat plana ti 1 '" which has been furnished up to the present by me have not been suffi ciently explicit. I repeat,therefore, that Austria-Hungary will participate in no way in the military action which Is now being carried on by Germany against Russia. 1 repeat that there is no question of having our troops penetrate into Fkrtilnlu, with whom w<n are at peace. I repeat that the armis tice exists between Austro-Hungary and Rumania and that we are only considering entering as nearly as pos sible into peace conversations with tills country. These declarations are serious. With- out a doubt in his speech on the 19fh of Kebruury, Heydler pleaded his fidel- ity to the alltuuce. But more and intgro Germany runs the risk of seeing Aus- tria, and after her. Bulguria and Tur- key, take u positive attitude, and. prac- tlcally withdraw from the struggle, and witness as spectators, the continu- ation of hostilities." --- 0 Revolutionary Forces Capture Cossack City F trograd, Feb. 27.—British Admi ralty per Wireless.—Novo Tcherkosk. capital of the territory of the Don Foawicks, bas been captured by the revolutionary troops. This announce, ment was mode officially today. . AVIATOR KILLED. Houston, Texas, Feb. 77 ifTocoml Lieutenant Hammttt K. EEllotL 16 years old was killed and Cgdlst 3. H. GtlsSS was slightly injured today at TlUngtSW field, when the airplan« fell IM fast to the ground. Lieutenant Elliott who enlisted at Haddon Heights. N, J, Oc tober 5, 1917, was commissioned yes terday. Csdst Gelsse's home was wot announced.