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VOL.XUV. NO. 344. MISSOULA, MONTANA, TUESDAY MORNING, APRILS, 1918 . LL then*thi every day from everywhere . PRICE FIVE CENTS. verseas to • ir • SENATE ADOPTS MINOR CHANGES IN SEDITION LAWt Sharp Debate Caused Over Rigorous Definition of Disloyalty. RESTRICTS RIGHT TO CRITICIZE, IS PLAINT Myers Defends Bill Against Roosevelt's Attack; No Vote. Washington, Ajiril S.—Another day of lively senate debate on tile sedition bill, which would punish disloyal ut tf ranees ami attempts to hinder the army draft and Liberty bond cam paign. resulted In the adoption of amendments designed to meet the ob jection of senators that the measure might prevent legitimate criticism of the war. The changes were In the clause penalizing 'disloyal, profane, scurri lous, abusive or contemptuous lan guage" directed at the ''form of gov ernment, constitution, flag or uniforms of tile nation and calculated to bring them into contempt or scorn." Change« in Wording. .Senator Thomas of Colorado offered an amendment to provide that such ai ts should be "wilful" and Senator ltorah of Idaho proposed to substitute the word "intended" for "calculated." There were objections that convictions would be difficult to secure under such language, but both amendments were approved, that of Senator Borah by a vote of 34 to 28, with partisan lines disregarded. Denounce« Prager Lynching. Senator Sherman of Illinois took oc easion to denounce the recent lynching of a German at Collinsville. 111., as a "disgrace" and criticized town officials for failing to protect the mob's vic tim. He urged that language of the bill penalizing 'contemptuous and scurrilous" criticism should apply to disloyal utterances only, and said As sistant Secretary of Labor Post and George Creel, chairman of public in formation. in the past bad written ar ticles severely criticizing the Ameri can form of government, which would be punishable under the measure as now drawn. Senator Gallinger, the Republican leader, also urged that the prohibition should ho limited to disloyal utter ances and suggested that as drawn the clause might be construed lo prevent legitimate' criticism of the president in the approaching campaign. Myers Defends Measure. Referring to the discussion Saturday of Colonel Roosevelt's statement that the bill would prohibit criticism of the president. Senator Alyers of Montana, said that neither the pending bill nor the one proposed by him last August would prevent legitimate criticism, and that even If the words "president of tin United States" eliminated from the original draft now were reinserted, such criticism would not be arfected. The time for final vote was not fixed. HAYS ASKS MONTANA TO HELP LIBERTY LOAN Republican Leader's Message Stirs Helena Crowd. Helena. April 8.—Will H. Hays of In diana» chairman of the Republican Na tional committee, was in Helena today to meet Republican le^deps, including the state central committee. Mr. Hays also delivered an address for thiçd Liberty loan at a meeting which packed a theater. He was introduced here by F- C. Dav of Helena, a Democrat. Mr. Hay# k-ft here late this afternoon for F)*>kanc. Mr. Hays was entertained at s lunch eon at which more than 100 representa tive Republicans were present. No an nouncements eonccmlng the party leader # conference was given the pub lic. but it is understood the campaign this fall was discussed. Mr. Hays thrilled hi# audience with the plea to P" 1 the nation's soul into the «ar. "To win this war abroad," he said, we must have absolute unity at home. First, we mult have that political peace which «hows to the world that this fOnntlntMd on Page Right * J The Weather Forscsst-— Partly cloudy Tuaaday with showers and cooler in west portion; Wednesday probably showers, cooler in east portion. LOCAL OBSERVATIONS. Maximum 72 Minimum ...32 At 6 a. m.....44 At 6 p. m,......62 There was regular summer weather yesterday and that lazy feeling which appears when the days begin to get hot was noticeable. The snow Is fast disappearing from .Mount Sentinel. STRIKE STOPS WORK ON BIG ARMS PLANT Utica, X. V., April S.—With the l.'tica military police guarding the plant, the Savage Arms compaify's factory, where are made the Lewis machine gun and ammunition, iyc idle tonight owing to a strike of nearly 4.000 men. The company officials decline to discuss the sit uation. a committee of the ma chinists' local, however, in a state ment, charged the company with not granting promised increases in wages and being discourteous to employes. WANT 50 MILLIONS FOR CONCRETE SHIPS Washington, April S.—Fifty mil lion dollars will be asked of con gress tomorrow by Chairman Hur ley of the shipping hoard for de velopment of concrete shipbuilding. The lilan is to establish at once five government yards. As yet, concrete ships are ad mitted frankly by experts to be "a garni.le" because the behavior of such a vessel under load in a heavy sea is unknown. MONTANA PREACHER HELD FOR SEDITION Helena, April 8.— Rev. M. Franz of Hetah, Dawson county, is under arrest there on seditious charges, according to word received today by Attorney General S. C. Ford. He is said to have s| read German propaganda and opposed the draft. He Is pastor of the.German Men nonlte colony of conscientious ob jectors at Retail. He came to thill country two years ago from Can ada, but is said to have been born In southern Missouri. FIRST STRAW HAT APPEARS ON AVENUE "Lynch him; get a rope," yelled someone on the avenue yesterday afternoon. In an instant a crowd gathered, thinking that a pro-Ger man had mad# a seditious utter ance. They found the remarks had been hurled at Alonzo Doug las. the first man In Missoula to make an appearance in a straw hat this year. Jle got away without any bodily harm. AIR RAID MEMORIES DRIVE MOTHER MAD Minneapolis. April S.—Huunting memories of a Zeppelin raid on I-ondon. which she went through with her four small children, refu gees from Russia, in December. 1915, today caused the commitment of Mrs. Mariam Tapper, .'.j years old, to the state hospital for the insane at Rochester. FEAR GO Ala FAMINE; SHORTAGE OF CARS Washington. April 8.—Shortage of coal cars at tip- mines has be come again so grave that foci ad ministration officials say vigorous action will have to Ik taken at once by the railroad administration to maintain equality of supply at all bituminous mines If another coal famine next winter is to be avoided. , _____ . ________ VILLA THREATENING DADBrD Avrr unor IsUIwLsIalw UaLL JlUKL Marta. Tents, April 8 —Francisco Villa and his band of followers are again threatening the Mexican border garrison at Ojinaga, if re ports made to American officers at Bedford, Texas, opposite Mulato, Mex.. today are accurate. FARMERS PLAN TO OPEN DITCH Bitter Root Ranchers Will Pay Over!' 1918 Water Taxes to Provide for Maintenance Unable to secure any action from the bondholders of the Bitter Root Val ley irrigation company, fanners in the Three .Mile district, whose land lies under the big ditch of the bankrupt corporation are going-to provide main tenance funds for the coming season by paying their 131$ water taxes in ad vance In order to save the property from ruin and a great acreage of fer tile wheat land from idleness. $3,000 Alrsday Subscribed. Judge F. t\ Webster, it was ait-, j nouneed yesterday, has promised to put ! wate! into the ditch us soon U.s possIWe j I I ! if the fanners will provide a working fund of $'.,000 through advance pay ment of water taxes. Already, accord ing to Louis M. Klirhart of Stevens- j ville, a member of the Ravalli county farm bureau, the Three Mile farmers I ubscrilied $3.000 at a meeting recent- ! in Missoula yen am understanding nul lo make plans of the needed . Mr. Khrhart vva.< rday to complete ith Judge Webster i for raising the rest money. Farmer» Eager to Help Country. Tile land under I lie ditch produced $100,000 worth of wheat last year, and will undoubtedly do better than thill liis year If the water is not shut off," aid Mr. Klirhart. "The farmers in the valley realize the Importance of rais ng wheat now; they want to do Bieir bit in winning the war; but without water they are helpless. We have appealed to the bond holders In vain, urging patriotism and necessity. Now, as a last resort, we are going to put up the money our selves by paying our 1018 water taxes DEFENSE SOCIETY TO ASK CHANGE Hi POLICY OF COUNT Police Judge. With the view of protesting against the present policy of the city poli« e court in the handling of criminal cases a committee from the Missoula Bounty Defense society will appear before the Uly council thin morning and ask that change be modi'. The action of the society follows the atrest and conviction of L. G. Welborn last Saturday on the charge of carry ing concealed weapons. Rolle« Judge Allen fined Welborn $2f> and the de fense society has taken the view that this is inconsistent with the treatment of I. W. W. members in the district court for similar offenses. A federal agent In a recent visit to Missoula told the members of the so ciety that the principal complaint of the I. W. W. throughout the country was bused on the fact that they were not treated with the same justice as that afforded to others. Tho action of the defense society vv is decided upon at a nice ting held last night. County Attorney Angevin« yesterday ai rested Welborn again on the same charge. A preliminary hearing vu* waived and Welborn was bound over to the district court for trial. I Oppose Methods of Handling j r , «S t I r* i «... Lnmuial Caws by Llty ; JRP TfffiOPS HH6ITTEN RUSSIA; PUN T9 FIGHT Moscow. Saturday, April 6.—By the Associated lYcs*.—The'Japanese land ing at Vladlvostock has created great excitement in Moscow. The Peoples' commissioners held a session which lasted throughout Friday night, consid ering the situation. M. Tchilcherin. the acting commis sioner of foreign affairs, made an em phutic protest to French. British and American diplomats against the entry of foreign troops into Russia gnd ex |I'*'*** 4 ''* »W«* that the entente perm it ted such action. He said the only so lution was the Immediate withdrawal of i^n. the troops. The Russian papers of all parties generally express fear that the Vladi vostork Rivement is the first step In the Japanese occupation of glberla. The «Iberian centra] executive of the Workmen's and Soldiers' deputies im mediately organised a Red army to re sist the Japanese j will amount to about $lii,««0, Mr. Klir ! hart says. .Nearly $8,0Uii in ISIJ takes j Is still due, so that a fund of $21,000 otild lie put in the receiver's hands. "This wouldn't be a bit too mueli," Jn advance. Wo must have the money within a few days, though, for the sea son is growing late. Already $3.000 has been deposited in tie First Nation al bank of Stevensviile, to be turned over to the receiver If the full $,'.,000 is raised. Work Will Start at Once. "The receiver lias promised to start I work at once on repairs if lie money I Is made available." ! Water taxes for 111 18, at $1.2.' an acre. said Mr. j diü'li Is and the I emergent ! and the |erops in tills war year, Klirhart yesterday in need of extensl' receiver ought lo V rund. It will do ditch can lie pul i order for $5,000." Idle 8e«»on Will Ruin Ditch, 1'nloss water flows through the ditch this year the intllioii-dolliir dlsiiiluiting system will he ruined 1>\ the sun, It is wild. Realizing this danger mid the Importance of securing maximum Federal Judge George M. Ilouniulli recently author ized th*' receiver to issue receiver's certificates in the sum of $20,00«. Money for these certificates Inis re peatedly been promised, hut tile bond lioldors have finally refused to advance unything. Mr. Klirhart Is urging all farmer» un der the ditch to remit their taxes at once to the First National bank of Ktcveiisvllle in order to save tie- 1818 crop. Winter Wheat Crop Prospect Cheers Hoover e is I Washington, April s.—Korecust by Ith« department of agriculture today of }a winter wheat crop of rdiO.OOU.OOO j bushels this year brought optimism to »h« food udmlulslration, und the. pre ; dictum was unofficially made that if the spring wheat crop maintained the same ratio the next harvest will fur nish sufficient u heat to take care of the needs of tills country und tin allien mutt year. Today's fun cast indicates an in crease of 142, «00,000 bushels of winter wheat over last year's winter crop. As suming that the spring wheat crop will yield the same ratio of Increase, there will be a total crop <»f 836,000,000, or an increase tit about 200.000,000 bushels. Foreign Crop* Look Better. In addition there Is an Increase of 20,000,000 bushels in the prospective rye crop. There is also hope of ati Increase of 100,900,000 bushels uf wheat over lust year In Great Britain and Fiance and alto an Increase* in Canada. The necessity for rigorous saving be tween now and harvost is, however, in no way relaxed by harvest prospects, the public is warned AUSTRIA SITS FHIHCE FIRST SOUGHT PUCE Vienna Statement Declares Clemenceau Lied. the ex it so- , of li ' k * n tb,; »"'««nedlary acting In the name of the trench government. Amsterdam. April 8.—The state ment» of the French government and ex-Premier FalnIeVb that it was Aus tria, not France, which took the Initi ative resulting in the convcnsalionM In Switzerland concerning the possibility of opening peace negotiations arc de nied by the Austrian government, which insists that France took the flist step. An official statement Is mu-d In Vienna says the accounts gtven by Premier Clemenceau and M 1'alnleve of tho meeting in Switzer land bat ween Count ilevertata, the Austrian representative, and Major Armand, representing France, deviate from the facts in many Important par ticulars, It asserts the initiativ« was In the im re DEATHS INCH EASE IN PARIS. Faria. April 8.—The vital statistic» for March show an Increase in the deaths In the city of Î50 due to a sud dea recrudeiwtwx- of broncho-pneu monia. huns attempt TO «IDEN Lint; UG SMASH DOE Enemy Need« Broader Front to Continue Advance on Amiens. CLAIM CAPTURE OF 2.000 PRISONERS No Definite Word of Yankee Unit« Fighting Beside Allie« in Picardy. offlc Fails. April 8,—The noilncenicllt tonight aays; During I lie course of Hi« day the enemy pressure continued iioilli of the Vlletle river ill the legion of the lower * ouc> forest. The advanced sections of our troops resisted and hindered the advance of (lie enemy, who »um In Hi superior numbers, luilielln ; upon him lienvy losses. Berlin Claim# Advance. Berlin, via London. April x. The powerful German pressure along the Oise Is forcing tla- French buck at U« lower outskirts of Colley wood, ac - online to the official report from g, li rai headquarter# this « veiling. S##k to Wid#n Front. Facing American, French and British 1 1 oops strongly entrenched and well •■quipped for battle, the German army has for the moment gln n up || H direct drl\e against Amiens. After utter re pulse In his efforts to smash straight through to his objective, the enemy' now is attempting a new maneuver which is intended to broaden the field of action and redtiee the menues of a counter offensive that would nullify all the gains made by the Teutons since March 21. Reports from the buttle line in F i va ni y disclose the flrsl stages of this new German offensive aimed at ell her side Of the salient In the allied lines. From Lu Bus »ec canal in the north to the sectors east of Luon, the great ar tillery foire» of tin' enemy are thunder ing, with the bombardment diiopining at pluces to the in tonsil y of drum fire. Attempt to Widsn Front. The length of this front Is approxi mately |2« miles. North of lams, cant of Arras, along the new front running through Hucquoy, to Alberl. south of Monldklicr and theme eastward past Lusslgny and Noyon to a point far beyond t'hiuiny, the Gei man# an» hum* mcrlng the allied line# in an attempt to break the ifeteiiHes and prepare- them for the Infantry a##auli v tilt h may be expected at ally mommit On the western "elbow " of the sail. ent In the allied line« tin < ici mau» are forced to fight uphill. Tlielr advance across the lower ground along the Homme, Ancre und Luce rivera has l ur ried them up to n parapet of hills, which sentinel the road to Amiena. Attacks along this naturel bulwark have netted the enemy onl.v insignifi cant gains at a horrible coal. At points the Germans efforts have gained, but them- gains have resulted only In the formation of sharp salients, Which are swept by rifle and machten gun fire and tempests of shells when ce « ninny troops arc seen forming for i attack. Tills assault ia atlll going on and it has made eonslilernble progress. Thu nouns struck through the lower forests of t'oucy and have reached a point south of the village of Polnm bray. The Berlin official statement claims tiiat 2.*'«« prisoners have been taken. That an altack of large dimensions 1 I i ] I j ' ( (Continued on Face Right l Question Agent of I. W. W. Concerning Talks With Jury Chicago. April x.— While department Of )u«ftIce agents were hu«y necking more Information relative to the al leged tampering with the veniremen called for the trial of more than 10« m* rnberz of the industrial Worker# of the World on charge# of violation of '.he espionage act, A. L. (. 'arpenter was taken before the federal authorities to day to be questioned regarding his activities. Carpenter. It Is said, Is al riady under indictment in Idaho on a charge of tampering with a. jury. Find Run Away in Spokan*. Spokane, April 8.—John Monette, ur rested here Friday In raids by police on local Industrial Workers of the World headquarters has been Identified Gives Up Home in London for Hospital Uses OOUKTCXTo/ QKTLQW; Not only* her home In Loudon, but her time and servier lias tin- ('omîtes» of Onslow given lo tlii' wounded sol diers who fioiulil the fight Of liberty In northern 1 ranee. Before the war the fouille» mansion was filled witli gay parties, drill her Ilnurs with soelal af fiih-s. liul not so now. The home has been turned Into a liusplilii, and lie mlsitcHs of the mansion finds lime only for the wounded men of win PARIS WAS GOAL OF VAIN GERMAN PUSH IN PICARDY Prisoner«' Statement« Show General Staff Expected to Break Line. Wi »langhin, April 8.— St H ( 'tlH*niM of Gern an prisoner# lu iVt ronvlrn*f*d Free b military erltl :>h f hi» tho real ubjer live Of th«) grr fit ;»*rt jji n oMcn siv< was Fart# and i hft *< far from exp" •ting checks, » hUI w *uhJ Itoi k<* And» it# llic goal of bio •>Hy und Inde oisive battles, the Teutonic high «••• maud sent its forces forward props 1 for rupld advance# in open warfare I "In order lo a lb-via 1 * Me in.ml, i Ih# troops," says an official dispu ] received today irom I i .me«, "the or I was given to prepare for their depa rry i Men Dial tie inllli.iry j uro ami i o oi'Kuniz«- t.h< ( onvoyM in H U üt a WM v hr only to carry with them u ha t. WUN iiMÜMpciiKablf. 'I h«* remain ' 1 II K VUlH H be nt ored ut a < »•Dot dénia - ( mai (1 by t lit' di viakm«. 'J Hi. lourilm, <;a rr la#ç«*H, thr munition* tu be carried. than l run cornu 15 day»' of opera! i disappointment ; ; ! _________ | b( .,. n mil j)e at a | ( Continu»« on rage mx; by department of Justr • titers a Jchli Martin, under indictment in i'hi cag'o lu connection with the trial of I \V, W. le.-iib-rs now In pi ogress t here, they announced tonight. Martin wait declared bi the police to have been soliciting contributions to the tlefiii»i fund'" of the ChieJgu dé fi «dont». He w ill be taken to ''hit ago at once, it is stated. Governor Makes No Movs. No move toward assuming control of tile police and »lieriff force» here In an effort to curb activities of Industrial Workers of the World organizers had iRte hour tonight by YANKS TO TRAIN WITH TOMMIES: READY IN MONTH New Forces to Be Sent Into Fight a« Soon as They Are Equipped. SAMMEES AT FRONT ROUT ENEMY PATROL Attempt to Surprise Force Fail«; Fire Repulses Germans. T who . ral The corn the Washington, April 8.— Transportation of American troops to France already is proceeding at the accelerated rate contemplated by the speeding up measures taken after the battle of Picardy began. Acting Secretary Crowell made this statement today, but would give no de tails. ; For military reasons the extent of the increased troop movement has not been made public. Will Train With British. Following the conferenowt bctwteu Secretary Baker ami allied officiate, or der» were given under which a British official Htuteincnl wild issued saying I liai Aiiierlcan force» wire to lia brig aded wiiii. BritiHii troop« ln unter to he hi eil American participation III tho war Official» explained today that I lu* pince»» lo lie followed wuH similar to thill adopted in placing Araarloait IroopH In the front line« with the French for training. 30 Days Will Fit Man. II hu« been catlmated I hat 30. day# training of thin cluiractsr, with Ameri can battalion unit« itssigiied With tho lirltlKh organizations will fit the new conicrx for active duty at the front. All iIIvIhIoiih now moved from this side are compoHcd or men who huve had «W: cru I month# of preliminary tmtehig mid who m ed only final iiiHtructlon to take their full »lune in the fighting. Tin training proem# will be quicker with the Hrlthdi than with the Erstich, Il I« believed, beeuu«e the lungliagS Ulf lleiilly due# not exltd. American unit# will find every British veteran an In to metor and there will be no need for Interpreters. No Purely Amsriesn Fares. It was indicated that the nuvr plans call for a more extensive training scheine with the BilllHh army than Ini# been the eu.-uj with General Persh ing'» original force. There probably ill !»■ no attempt to «et up a puwsly nu i lean fore- within the BrlMoh rank# an ha# been done * ilh the French. <e Americans are to lie W'ühdtvwil h train' d and turned over to tlcn I'ersldiig a» n purt of tu# arno. v will share fully with ti.oir British red' the battles on their front and belief hcr«- i» that they will not bo wilhihuwn » long as there in pressing need for their set vice with the British line». SAMMEES ROUT SU RPR 1SE PARTY OF FOE. With the Ane rican Army th France. A ; ,i, i lly the Associated Rita«. *»* A l.iii < i i man patrol attempted a aar pi ... mi.uk on the American ouipoH» m the »■ lor north went of Toul «arly thh> morn lug, but wen ; dispersed with out beln : «bl» to rei ich any of tho Amorim. positions. A coriMj i d in a listening' post ttu'V th« « J. » man« a ppruuchlng. tie waited un til they were wit Ida a few turds of thom and then chullen ged. The enemy answer' ll with rifle fire, whereupon the American oui pie ;K Oje-ll' d with heavy machine gun and automatic fire, scat terin'-: the Germans and driving them hack to theil own lines. A violent artillery duel went otc nit through tho night along tho whido 1,'ugtli of the A inc I lean front, AMERICAN PREPARATION DISCOURAGES GERMANY. Washington. April '(.---Word that Américain reinforcements arc moving to the support of the alites In 1 'Icartly has revived argument in Germany over i he efficacy of the submarine MI drawn from Captain Fersius, military critic of the Eerliner Tagablatt, the comment that after being persuaded to undereat nnate America. German opin ion is undergoing a chance. * , An official dispatch from »ortteertenE (Continued on Pag« Eight) .