Newspaper Page Text
OF INTEREST TO WOMEN
Land Where Babies Never Die Many Lessons New Zealand Can Teach America in the care of Infants' Lives. ■y DR. F. TRUBY KING. is VferM'a Far*melt Baby Saving Eapert. ' * When I am asked what lessons the United States can learn from New Zealand in the problem of b<l!y sav ing, 1 am Inclined to say at the out set that New Zealand really learned moat of her lessons in the United States. Our striking success in New Zea land in reducing the infantile death rate and raising the standard of health «of the entire community, has been due first to our study of the science of child welfare and secondly to our.meth od of applying that science. For the science itself we came largely to you here in the United States—we availed ourselves of the splendid research work that had been carried out in your uni versities, hospitals, etc. In the meth ods' of applying such knowledge to best serve our New Zealand conditions wc may be able to furnish you with some interesting data and results. To begin with it is fair to remem ber that we have an advantage in cli mate, but this may be only a tempo rary advantage. We have practically the .same delightful climate as Cali fornia. In fact, we are very much like the 1'aeiflc coast states in products as well as climate. And yet the climate with a small range of temperatufe may not be so good In the long run, viewed fro hi the point of view of the hardiness and virility of a race, or even as re gards the infant death rate, as more severe climates, if only the mothers are properly trained and the babies are given proper attention and care. In Oreat Britain, we find the most robust, sturdy and energetic people come from Scotland rather than from the south coast. Northern peoples are universally noted for hardiness us against the more languid peoples of the south,. So a wide range of tempera ture variation may give you an actual to of to of to advantage in the long run. If you get ! the mothers well trained and overcome the initial difficulties. The Scandina vians, for example, are a typical, hardy, active, outdoor people, and the children are almost entirely breast-fed. Scan dinavia's infant death rate is the lowest in Europe. A cold or severe climate Exposure Why Some Parts of Body Endure More Than Others. deeper breathing The mouth and passages contuin germs at all times ' which are quite , , , JWfVn'fM''?/' aa ,j _ hc ho , dy .î H ._ a good state of re sistance. Many of the in- 1 ternal organs, such as th#* kidneys, liv er, spleen and joints, spleen and joints, are the resting places of germs, often for months, years or even a lifetime, after the body has once been overwhelmed by any spe cial germ in sufficient numbers and strengtli to constitute what xve call a disease, such ns scarlet fe\-er, dlptheria, pneumonia, malaria and typhoid. The body loses its resistance to these disease genus more rapidly than it reacts, and the principal causes for this are the acute ones of fatigue or exposure to extreme cold, heat or wet. Exposure of the upper part of the body, the chest or back, is apt to of fert the breathing apparatus, first the bronchial tubes and then the lungs. Exposures of the neck and chest is less dangerous than the exposure of the back because the lungs do not lie so close to the chest wall as at the hack and the circulation through large vessels that lie there prevent sudden congestion of lung tissue, just as a radiator In front of a window prevents the frost gathering there as quickly as one where no radiator stands. This is why women can wear with impunity low-neck dresses in the cold Are You Still Young at Heart? Then Why Look Older Than You Feel? Every woman is as young as she looks, so why let sentiment or prejudice prevent your keeping youthful as long as you wish? Not long ago many women would rot use face powders or cosmetics. To day, most women know their need and use them. This is equally true of the hair re storer. Thousands of women keep their bair dark and youthful with HAIR COLOR RESTORER (Css rs s m* It is not a dye. toilet preparation but a delightful ...._____ which gradually brings back all the natural color and gloss. Q.ban will not »tain the scalp, wash or rub off; and does not in terfere with washing or waving the hair. Keep» it glossy and healthy. Sold by good drug gists everywhere on Money-Back guaran tee—Trice 75c. is therefor* not an insuperable ob * ta cle in your fight for healthier ba bies and a lower death rate. On the contrary, it will prove perhaps a real advantage, if in the United States you leave no stone unturned to do justice to the mother and the child. And this, as 1 have said again and again, is essentially a question of the proper education and training of girls and of mothers—mothers potential and actual. First, of course, we must find out those things which, under conditions of modern civilization will make chil dren healthy whether in town or coun try; and secondly, we must get the jwir ents to apply that knowledge We must overcome the enervating tendencies of civilization lint we must never yield to the notion that the difficulties are insuperable. You have at your command in Amer ica, ready to put into practice, all the knowledge needed concerning infant welfare. What we learned in large measure, in New Zealand, was the re sult of the research and study and ex l*eriments and practice of your doctors, your university professors, of the work done in your colleges and hospitals. Under the scientific investigators who are devoting themselves to infaVit wel fare research today in the United Rtates results of the utmost impor tance are being achieved, and this side of the question must never be neglect ed or lost sight of merely because it is not so much in evidence. »All the material for unlimited prog ress is at hund here in America. It is only a question of bringing knowledge to bear upon the problem with the full force of a united public opinion enthu siastically behind it. That Is what we have largely achieved in New Zea land. it is that which lias made our record in baby saving so outstanding. We have not been content with educat ing a few mothers here und there, but A cal Is we have got the entire community aroused to the vital importance of the work. Adding such work to what is already being done here, 1 see no rea son whatever why as good or even bet ter results in regard to infant welfare and baby-saving may not be achieved In the United States. est of weather although this is partly made jiossible by the changes that take place in the skin which is exposed con tinually to the sun, heat, cold etc. Haalth Question« Antwarad. E. R. asks: "Is a man over 40 to be considered old and out of it? 1 am past that age and friends jokingly say I ' should be Oslerized.' Many men of 40 are just getting their stride physically as well ns men telly. Gladstone, for Instance, did his best work at 77. Our own late rail , , , ... 1 ,oad k,n *- '■ arnman ' waa practlcully unheard of liefere he was 40. a How to Save Wheat With the accumulai wheat, conservation will have to be exon more strenuous In the near fulu c than it has been in the past. Tlie ad ministration depends largely upon the housewives to accomplish this. hortage of ■ I Patriotic women in general have in Lroduoed substitutes in the culinary partaient of the home, and the pantry shelf no longer holds the single tin consume twice as many vegetables during the summer as ordinarily, a j flour, marked "flour." Rye, corn, buck wheat, graham and the cereals have taken the place of wheat flour in bak ing, and domestic science experts have j produced delicious recipes for these J .substitutes so there is no reason why a greater conservation of wheat should j he a hardship to us. With the coming of summer, vegc tables can serve as a means for saving wheat. It has been estimated that if , , , , ,,, the 47,000,000 who hve on farms will ■ . ........ „ .0.000,000 bushels of wheat : will be accomplished. Now add to this the millions of amateur gardeners who will raise vegetables this summer, and can easily double their usual consnmp- ! tion, and then consider the city dweller j xvtio xvill have no difficulty in secur- | ing fresh vegetables daily. With this miteil force we surely should he able to saxe the wheat necessary to sustain the allied army. Even if you increase your portions of potatoes a bit it will help wonder fully. Mr. Hoover has stated that ■•cry American will consume four! ounces more potatoes per day this xvould equal 30,000,00« bushels of wheat, Some housewives who have discarded the flour in baking still use It for other purposes, such as making gravies, etc., but here, too. conservation can be aug mented. For thickening gravies and soups, corn starch will answer the purpose and will insure a smooth gravy—the torn starch must first be . dissolved in cold water. When making fruit pies sift minute tapioca over the fn.lt. It will retain , the juices fully as well as the usual ' flour—use a tablespoonful of tapioca U a pie ' When' raisins, currants, or other fniits are prepared for cake, etc., add j tlie fruit immediately after the sweet- j er.ing and shortening and It will not 1 te necessary to dredge them with flour, In cleaning the white sweaters. scarfs, etc., substitute corn starch for Thoroughly rub the dry com starch into the article to be cleaned; and then shake it out- It may be recessary to repeat this process several times. ■ . ------- NEW RAILROAD FOOD ORDER. The Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul railroad announced yesterday that the use of all wheat in the dining service would be eliminated at present. Only corn bread, com muffins and cream of rye muffins will be serv ed according to the orders. This action of the rail road is going a step further than the request of the food administration. VALUABLE Ml CARDEN TALKS BY W. L. Mecklenburg As soon as the location for the gar den Is selected and a plan made show-» ing the kinds of vegetables to be grown and the places for planting them, the question of varieties should be decided. A number of points should he ponsUR ered in selecting the varieties to grow, among them being time of maturity, the adaptation of the varictj to the lo cal conditions, and the quality of vege tables produced. Usually it is better to select only standard varieties that «1«. , well in this locality, but a few novel-t ties may lie tried in a small way. Only' early varieties of late maturing vege tables should be grown here. j j h - It is advisable, to procure seed only from reliable seedsman. A good plan Is to secure several descriptive cata logues. either from reliable local deal ers or from other good seed houses. These catalogues should be secured previous to the time of planting, und careful selections should tie made at leisure moments. Huy only first class seed, forinfe rlor seed will lie expensive at any price. Good seed should have a Ingli percentage of germination and strong vitality, it should lie true to type andJ free from weed seed and other iinpuri-j ties. For general purposes the size of | the seed is of little consequence. Small ! seed will produce as thrifty plants as large seed, but it is conceded by most, authorities that large seeds will pro dure plants somewhat earlier. liny only the quantity of seeds nom ally needed for your gurden. 1'lnnt tli seeds thickly enough so us to secure a good stand of vegetables allowing a moderate amount of thinning, Imt do not waste any seed. Owing to the j large number of gardens that will be planted tills year, it is anticipated that there will lie a shortage of ttie com- , mon seeds. The situation is not criti cal, however, and if everyone is con serving there will lie enough for all. in case there is any doubt about the germination percentage of the seeds it should be determined by germination tests. A simple test is to place .70 or 100 seeds on u plate between two moist blotting papers, and cover with another plate. Keep at ordinary room tempera tures. By looking at the seeds every day, the promptness and percentage of germination can lie ascertained. Good grades of most garden seed , should germinate W0 to 85 per cent in five or six day». Seeds that send out strong sprouts in a few days have the vitality necessary to insure a good stand of plants, which is an important item in garden work. ! I I Brief Bits of Missoula News j Tile public schools of Bonner are ■ closed for this week, for the annual spring vacation. Dr. Anna James, osteopath, 204 W. —Adv. A daughter was born Sunday at I the Barker hospital to Mr. and Mrs. Ujeorge Warner of ovando. Dr. 'Willard, osteopath. First Na jtional Bank. Adv. Miss Cora Veasey of Big Timber is a j 'guest for a few weeks In the home of jMiss Lauretta Deschamps on East j Front street. J Dr. Louise Smith, osteopath, 618 W.— Adv. j F ,, Htephens of Dixon was in Mik soulu for the day, visiting his daughter, Miss Lyda Mav Stephens and trans acting business. , ___ „ . . Dr. Harrison, practice limited to eye, ____ _______. . ... ..... 1 ' ear. nose and throat and the fitting of glasses. Office, Higgins block.—Adv. : Ml "" Marela ° rr <> f «'linton was in MiHHUIlla >'e«*rday, going to visit her " l " U,r ' 1 Miss Gertrude Orr, who teaches a * ^enchtown. ! Lenses ground at this office. Dr. N. j p - Hchwelker, Montana Block. Adv. | Misses Hilda and Dale Johnson have returned to resume their work in the high school, after a vacation visit with itheir parents at Evaro. R. Gwinn, M. D., eye, ear, nose and threat specialist. Glasses ground at the office. First National Bank Bldg.— if'Adv. Mrs. T. It. Fort and little son, of Ht. Regis, are in Missoula visiting her par ents, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Wood at their home on .South Fifth street west, Seven per cent money to loan p pjaher_Adv. . . ... carlW clean 1 ' n *' an ' 1 .° r '* n,a L r """ a * P ^ la ' ,y ' K - J ' , Phon ' ! u * P«*rpl..-Adv. ' Miss Mabel Gyr, little daughter of ;in '* Mrs. I'aul Gyr, is much better (after being 10 days seriously ill with P neumûniu al h,:r horn " * n Miiltown. j Marsh, the undertaker, 211 W. Cedar, j Phone 321.—Adv, 1 Carl Greenhood left yesterday after noon upon his return to Han Francisco. Mr. Greenhood came to Missoula to attend the funeral of the late Mrs. Her t H. Fred English has returned from Drummond. xxher» he has l»een for the last 10 days upon a contract for car pentry upon a new store building. man Kuhn, Miss Ruth Small has returned from be a short stay in Seattl« Miss Leona La Grandeur, who went with Misa Small, has stopped at Tu coma to visit friends from Missoula stationed .at Camp Lewis. Dr. J. N. Maclean, who was ill and unable to conduct tlie service at the Presbyterian church Sunday evening. I was very much better last evening,! though still confined to his home on I of Stevens street. ) to Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Hoover of Butte ) were in Missoula yesterday returning t the from Florence, where they attended the ! funeral of the late Mr*. William Barnes , of advanced study 'which was held Sunday at the home of her father, John Voss. Miss UrBee Stoddard and her father. John Stoddard, have returned from a I sojourn of several months in Cali fornia. Miss Stoddard will resume lier duties as librarian of the Missoula pub lic library,on Max 1. j Mr. and Mrs. Jay K. Van Gundy and Sterrett Napton came into the city from Philipsburg yesterday, going to day to look after mining property in tlie neighborhood of Missoula. j Rev. 1. M. Underwood and .1. I'. Dun lop spent Sunday at Corvallis, when 1 Rev. Mr. Underwood preached in Ute morning in the community church and in the evening gave a lecture upon "Palestine" with stetcoptieon illustra tions. 1-ieutenunt Sydm y Harris of Winni peg, Can., who is a representative of the ninth federal reserve in th loan campaign, became vi pneumonia Sunday, as lie was trav eling across tile reservation, l.ieuten 'ànt Harris was taken to a hospital in .poison. Harry A. McLean left yesterday for New York city, where lie will take a n the oor ieellon of mechanical musical Instru ments. He will stop on the way to Visit at Bismarck. N !>.. and at Fay *t t e, Iowa. h Miss Grace Sherman lias gone to jSun Francisco for a short visit with her brother, Kev. Walter John Sher- man, who has been in France in Y. M. C. A. war service and Is now lec- turing In army camps throughout the United States. - . Dr. George II. Johnson will go today to Kalispell to attend the wedding or his brother, Ray Johnson, and Miss Madeline Stendel I, t • * be solemnized Wednesday ut the home of the bride The couple will go to re- n-^l .iherty , Til with Kalispell H * < *° upon their ranch near (.real t ails, Rev. and Mrs. 1. Sum's have come | from Wichita. Kan . to spend the sum ! mer witli their son and daughter iu law, Attorney atld Mrs Lewis M. Situes in this city. Rev. Mi Sinu s lias taken a, year's leave of absence from Ills serv j , ice as district superiuli Methodist church in Kai nient for tie SOCIAL CALENDAR 1 gillie a of xvith Mrs 10 le 119 S< nth Vn i th I bids Whit XX ill I Wonu ill's IN lief » nu Ine Ht! eel. of the 1 '»a i list Tuesday afternoon the O. A. R. Will meet In regular ses sion at 2:30 o'clock at the Masonic temple. Initiation of new members will be held at tills time. Th. Mothers' Home Guard will m 1*. Ector at her horn street west. Mrs. be hostess for tin corps at her home The Keystone gulj.l church will meet xvith Mrs. Walter L. Rope at her home, 230 Mclwod nvenue. ! Mrs. M. J. Elrod xvill entertain the As You Like It club at lier home on South Fifth street east; the taper I written by Mrs. K. F. Dodds upon I "University Life" xxill be read by Mrs. i,Il. S. Gatley. Tin auxiliary to Im manuel chapter. No. 54, O. E. H.. will meet with Miss Estelle Bryan at her inline, 641 Stephen)* avenue The Lit erature department of the TVornans club will meet -with Mis. Anders <>r peck at her homo, 302 South Sixth street east. Mrs J. W. Reely xvill lead the study of the drama, "Moth ers," Tuesday evening—Miss Agnes Baker and Miss Amelia Bauch xvill be host esses for the Westminster guild of the Presbyterian church at the home of Miss Baker, 811 Gerald avenue. NEW SECRETARY NAMED. A Mrs. Gertrude Knott has hern ap pointed by County Superintendent of Schools Mabel Lindstadl as secretary t • fill the vacancy left by Mrs. Amy Lindstadt, who left last week for her home In Chicago. Mrs. Knott is em ployed at the Missoula Light and Rower company. She will take up her new work about the first of tin* month. Commissioner Lstlil at Methodist church Thursday, 8 o'clock.— Adv. Lovely White Skin! Strain lamon Juice well before mixing and maasage face, neck, arme, hande. By all means, girls, prepare a lemon lotion to keep jour skin flexible and young looking. You will soon realize that true loveliness does not mean the powdery look or waxen colorlessness of some hothouse flower, but Is typified by the velvety softness'of your skin, your peachliko complexion aiul rosy white hands. At the cost of a small jar of ordinary cold cream one can prepare a full quarter pint of the most wonderful lemon skin softener arid complexion beautlfier, by squeezing the Juice of two freHh lemons Into a bottle eontaln Ing three ounces of orchard white. Care should be taken to strain the juice through a fine cloth so no lemon pulp gets in. then this lotion will keep fresh for months. Every woman knows that lemon Juice is used to bleach and re move such blernish»s as freckles, sal lowness and tan, and is the Ideal skin •oftencr, smoothener anil beautlfier. Just try It! Get three ounces or orchard white.it any pharmacy and two lemons from the grocer and make up a quarter pint of this sweetly fragrant lotion and massage it daily Into the face. neck.Strrn* and hands. It should naturally help to whiten, soften, fresh en and bring out the roses and hidden beauty of any skin. It is simply mar velous to smoothen rough, red hands.— Adv. I I ) ) t ! Diseased Skin Freedom st once from th# agony of ■kindiKUS. Tbe toot king wmnli of oiU Try D. D. I).—it'« different. Me, Me andll.ou- 11 isgousnteed. D. D* D. RED CROSS WOMEN AID BRITISH ARMY American Girls Play Laryej Parr in Crisis. Baris. April 8 Girls attached io one front line unit of the Red Gross made a fine record in the recent German of fensive. At Roy I of militai uniform t iirected e plx XXIIgol til. ok over Hie direction x truffle. One girl in gray landing at the four corners damns of guns, cavalry, sup s, and troops, thus prevent- j g a terrific jnm. Tile unit had been located at Grey court. a fexv miles buck of the lines, doing reconstruction and relief xvork, win'll tlie offensive begun. They were Hie last women to leave several towns liefere the Germans entend, and were liitv in half a dozen villages, widely irated. when word came of the Go r man advance, The.v aided hundreds of refugees to the railheads, and established a tempn kllehen in one town, ......ling 250 THIS WEEK ONL Y DONT MISS IT a>;w] V\ \M ■ i •:! r $ BED Grand National Sale of KROEHLER DAVENPORTS Here they are the nationally known Kroeh ler Bed Davenports! They serve as artistic and up-to-date davenports by the day; as full sized comfortable beds at night. Every family needs one. Come and see them demonstrated-see how easily you can enlarge your sleeping quarters and at the same time beau tify your home. SAVE SPACE—SAVE RENT Make One Room Serve as Two All steel bed frame and springs entirely independent of the upholster* in& Plenty of room for thick maltrestt. Bedding concealed by day. Folds and unfolds easily. Trouble proof. A wonderful attractive assortment-brand new special patterns-special low prices, the lowest ever quoted owin.q to lan4e factory output for this National Sale! SPECIAL PRICES THIS WEEK ONLY An average saving of 25 per cent on al! Kroehler Bed Davenports, Kodavs and Three-Piece Suits for our castomers who buy during this National Sale week. DON'T MISS THIS CHANCE! Davenos, S45.00 to $125.00 Kodavs, S50.00 to $100.00 3-Piece Suits. $75.00 to S150,00 Choice ofrmahogany, fumed oak and golden oak, upholstered in Span ish Imperial and Spanish Mole imitation leathers, genuine Spanish leather, tapestry and velour. Satisfaction guaranteed. Come today, while assortment is complete. British soldiers wie hours. had not eaten for Knights of Columbus Get Double Amount in Drive ------ j New York, April S.—Instead of $2. '■70,.10.) which it xv.is the purpose of the Knights of Columbus In Its recent drive to collect In the arelnlioccso of New York, the amount contributed to aid in welfare xvork among the soldiers of all creeds at the fron! and in army camps aggregated $1,700,000, Convict Wealthy Dakotan of Espionage; No Sentence Sioux Falls, S. B., April s. John H. Wolf, a wealthy land oxvner of Kimball, S. 1>„ was convicted In a jury In fed eral court hero late today on six counts of an indictment charging vio lation of Hi" espionage act, Sentence was deferred. x MILL NOT ESTIMATE LOAN SUBSCRIPTION Treasury to Give Out Onl Authentic Reports. x Washington, April 8.—Estimates of daily Liberty loan subscriptions WlIK not be given out during the campctlgnk by national, district or local hendquar-S (its, under Instructions Issued tonight l.v Secretary McAdnu. Instead the* treasury department will gnthert Horn each I'eiU'i-a- reserve bunk, flg un s on subscriptions actually filed with them, together xxith receipts fron» the Initial five per cent payment, aiuf I tabulation of these will lie made pub lic on It <lay. Bocal committees may compile sim-f liar reports of subscriptions turned tntir local liauks and give out the results, j Tie re is always somethinisg'omlng toi» U» that xve should like to see side-,'