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TUESDAY, APRIL 30. 1918. THE SIAN FIRST. One of The >|is^oiilian Family writes to us as follows : "Your editorial on Charles M. Schwab was very interesting, but in picking him as a possible presi dential candidate you overlooked the thing that kills it. Schwab is a Roman Catholic and among lit' gifts is that of a Roman Catholic cathedral to his birthplace, Lo retta, Pennsylvania. I »on t you know that ttie American people will not elect a Roman Catholic to the presidency?" No, brother, we don't know anything of the kind. \Ne do know that one splendid result ol this war is that it is rapidly re moving prejudice, intolerance and bigotry. Furthermore, we helievo that if the American peo ple in 1020 are drawn from all directions toward a certain man who has made good by reason ot his patriotism and ability his religion will be the least ol ob stacle». The laAt presidential candidate to be a target for re ligious attack was Janies (1. Blainp, who came within o'ftv hair of boing eidetod president of the United Stales. That is a long time ago, and the people of this country have broadened in spirit, in sympathies, in human kindness and finally, we think have been brought by the war to a point where they would lie contemptu ous of any one who raised a re ligious issue in a political cam paign. TO BRING THEWAR HOME. The opening of Fort Missoula as a hospital for wounded and disabled soldiers brought hack from Prance, which plan was re , cently announced in a news dis * patch from Washington, will servo more than one useful end. Of course, it is scarcely neces sary to call attention to the wis dom of utilizing the military plant at Missoula, especially now that we are engaged in a great war. To have such a place virtu ally untenanlcd, especially during those months of the year when nature is at its kindest, would bo little short of criminal. The plant is here. AJI that remains is to make it.ready for use. Rut there is another side to the story. The opening of the tort to the wounded and disabled boys who have offered their bodies to the cause of liberty will do more than anything else could to bring the war home to us here in our pleasant valley, far from the scenes of the conflict. It will make us realize more fully the awfulness of the situation in which the world now is because of the insane ambitions of the kaiser. It is possible, that some of our own boys from western Montana may be brought to the fort to be cared for. They will come to u> and tell us terrible stories of the barbarity of the Him. They will rouse us to a more certain real ization that this war cannot tie lost. And by this rousing of us, they will do much lo help in the great work of putting down tin* enemy at home. When some pa triotic Missoula man has heard the story from the lips of a sol dier of the butchery by the Hum. lie will be in no humor to stand for the seditious and traitorous utterances of a tcutomaninc. When these crippled boys come to us and tell their stories, they wifi bring the war home. Then let the sediljonisl beware Lew SPOILED MU IT. We fpiile agree with III istnwn lienmeral-New» in it- es timate of Senator Shermuu of Illi nois. Wo think this senator poor stuff. 1I<' is not even ,i "fake statesman," a- the 1 icmocrat News calls him. Hi- recent rabid outburst agaiu-t the administra tion xxa- on a par with the late Senator Stone'- attack on Itoo-e velt. Mor memory of Sherman dates back lo hi- service in the. Illinois legislature when lie u-od to keep a barrel ot apple- in !n rnnm at the old Lelund hotel in Springfield. In lien of a cigar or a drink, which a gentleman could still take in those days without risking his reputation, Sherman would invite the visitor to have an apple Of course that was all the pose of a fake statesman, but Sherman got away with it. Un close companion was a picture of Lincoln, taken in his younger days, and it was commonly known in Springfield that Sherman, each morning on arising, placed the photograph alongside the mirror and patiently laliot^l until he had adjusted his eçiud*iutnce lo that of Lincoln so close tbat he actually came to be ; X, sv .. . äfPf ■ lieve that he .was Lincoln reinear^ nated. Poor old Illinois doesn't de serve to be the goat for such sena tors as Sherman and Lewis, and we are hopeful thal out of the rock of the war they will get something belter. Among tho Republicans we have our péri scope fastened on Governor Low den and Modill McCormick. Low den is proving to be a real war governor who rna> casitv reach presidential proportion- in two ill commenting on the contro versy Dial has arisen over the Foiled Stales district attorney ship of Montana, the Great Falls Tribune says very, pertinently "If this contention could be settled today by a referendum of tho people of tho slate Mr. \\ heeler would lose out under an avalanche of adverse ballots." We believe the Tribune's view to be convcl, and if Senatpr Walsh persists in his attitude our con temporary's opinion will be veri fied by a referendum to be taken next November. Wheeler has one strong, ele mental characteristic of the old time political heeler. He thinks of nohod> but himself. Every one can go itilo the ditch, if he gels hi>. If he falls over the breastworks, he insists that Sen ator W'aMi must go with him. THIS IS THE LIFE. A cnr.v-piuideiil ol the Chicago llailv News, in offering an argu ment for the carrying of revolv ers oiil-ide. rattier than under neath the coat- of policemen, write- : In Montana, where pistols are eomtiionl.v earned end a second'» delà y means the death of tho dil atory one. a man carries tils gun where he cfln resell II most quick ly, and God help the one who is slow. Sure, bill why not tell it all. lo Montana there is the established custom of giving automatic re volvers to babies, in-lcafl of rat tles and silver cups. Thus the child emerges into the kinder garten with the trigger linger well developed. Under our sys tem of competitive scholarships, the training continues, out it the average hoy on .reaching the grade schools is aide to "draw a gun" many limes his size and with such rapidity thal no mov ing picture machine operator lias been aide to gel a film. As a re sult, ten-year-old Montana boys are sought by our neighboring stales as deputy sheriffs. Since suffrage arrived, our girls have been trained to the use of automatics which are always worn on the outside in belts to match the gowns. Une of the in . .. ... loresting sights to visitors in Mis soula is that of a group of high school girls at our moving picture theaters, shooting I he villains on the screens before the operator cun move them out of the wav. __ ..... . .. . , ,, .. , " '• U, F a 1 11,0 In rilin' arrested (Hi i'li.trges nl sedition, preferred lix llis s,,||- \\'e would preief- p I'oyote in Up. t.-itnily to a pm 1 ierninil. ----------__-------- Hav e Mill (tone your hit lo make lie iidiTseholii.stie track meet a peoph "Tin slrny graves," said er day. All r I hat way, il p kick later when missing pr< f he xx ho wish Id de digging (heir own the kaiser lhe oth ght. Rill, (gink at it bin like, but don't he returns from itii'l- are hi Don't practice the goose-step yet. The royal dancing master at Rerlin must finish the session xVitli John Hull, before he reaches nur line and, believe ns, he will he a changed man xvlien John finishes with him. There should he track meet a success? If not, dig into your jeans and bring out enough for a riird! Stamp, besides. This i- wonderful weather for ui hour before breakfast m the but x o h can guess, if you are real !x interested in winning tin war. Let lie fori clean-up wee spring a real pro-( iermaii xvinter's part th'* —hill — . . T" ! —" .1 ■ Winning Hie guvernoi'ship nt Ghio, Nick I.ongwnrlll will fi HDlly emerge from the soil-ill la XX' class. ____ Bti-er should lini n' lelhixx- of his kicking little lb ml job! Dll In picking a fight with Holland, Germany doesn't even take the trouble to tear a scrap of paper. W ho is to be tin* Hobson of this war? About 90 per cent sorbed by waste or ing machinery Is recovered by a cén trifugal machine that an Englishman has invented, ient of the. o(l »)>. •r rugs used tot recovered by a cen Tjjr rt«- rl nrc KiiiJf*____ TV Ur 1 i US JL/t/Cr Acted As Spur to U. S. Genius I Torpedo, Ironclad, Revolver, Amonç Inventions Made by Yankees. BY ALBERT PAYSON TERHUNE. \Vh«*nc*v«q- j* wri starts ir?. thf* very flist thin« some- American inventor does is to flevlse a brand new instru ment of warfare; something never tl-.mitcht of by anyone else; somethin# dentine«! to help revolutionize the \ h»»|e science of .arms. It happens, ev en time. Jf it were not for these war-inspired Yankee inventions, the boys at the front might now be fighting with flint lo« Us, und relying on cavalry scouts t * <lo the work now accomplished by airship and telephone and motor Name almost .any Hid you will find it American to produce lible invention. For noto - l,us, ' nr n n«w u. submarine that would ca r. war you choose has led some a new and ter example: In the early day» of the Revolution, in 177.',, a Connecticut patriot named 1 (aviil llushnell hit on a plan to clear our harbor» of the Hritish war ships with which our puny new-born navy could not cope. So he invented the torpedo. Ills idea was to fasten a small powder magazine to the bottom of an nrchored ship, and to explode It by means of a clock-work apparatus. Ho worked out i model which was to he loaded with JOtl pounds of gunpowder, and he Iierfeetcd the dock-work :il l, ehment. The American Turtle." Tie - xi irking point, llow W;is he to'get fur enough under wuler unobserved, to fusion the thing to (he bottom of ii deep-draught warship? This puzzle led him lo another and far more murderous Invention—the sub lim ri ne. There hud been crude experi ments in building submersible ships from time to limn for many years, hit they had aeenrnplished nothing of out to devise ■airy Ids tor pedo under' water to the ship tie wanted to sink. He made vvliat was I ailed "a. tortoise-slmped diving boat of holler iron, which was driven l>y a. sort of propeller and which would con tain enough air to support a man for half an hour." He named it "The American Turtle," Attaching his torpedo to the how of this, he approached the Itritish war ship Kugle, In New York harbor, one t ight in 177«. There was a screw for fastening the torpedo to the Eagle's bottom. The casting off of a line was to start the clock-work. But the Engle's metul sheathing Was too tough for the screw to penetrate. And tho first submarine attnek was a failure. The jpext year, off New London, Biiféi nell crept! under the water In his "Turtle" to n British war schooner alongside the frigate Cerberus, at tached Ids torpedo and blew her up. This schooner was the first vessel to be sunk by a torpedo or by a subma rine, » , Robert Fulton's Idea. Hobert Pulton, another American, seized on the Idea of Bushnell's twin Inventions. When Franco was at the height of the Napoleonic wars, lie per fected a submarine In which he once stayed under water for five hours. It was known as "A Submarine Torpedo Boat, for Ese In Naval War." His torpedo attachment was' an Improve ment on Bushnell's. The French gov ernment rejected it as being too deadly for botli the attacked and the attacker. Napoleon also rejected Pulton's steam lion t invention (offered him for war use) as "impracticable." In the Givii war the Confederates improved still further on Pulton and Bushnell |,y inventing and using a ! little fleet of submarines known as I "Davids," which did considerable minor damage to Yankee warships These "Davids" were 37> feet long and made of boiler Iron. Thoir torpedoes were primitive but powerful. The first really successful torpedo, the Spar." by the way, came into use during thed'lvil war. it was used not , only by submarines hut by regular I warships. It was a metal cylinder full lot powder and stuck on the end of a long pole. Its point was then sutb , merged. In -lose „„art. rs fighting, and rammed against th, .nomy's hull he I lo 'V the water line, exploding by eon ! or *'»' l:, »yard trigger. I Submarine Mine Also Yankee Idea, The submarine mine, loo. is a Van I invention. bred of war. In one " I,1,pp or :uu ' lh, ' r ' u, *'> »»•* .lei water mine dates back for hun dreds of years. Mut in Its first useful b ini it was invented and employed by l'tie Xnnrioa in 1 devolution, tiled" mines wet during our Civil he third year of the first "elertrienlly inx'entrsl and used war. Twenty-eight i ships were sunk or damage,l by them the'course of that conflict. ! As everyone knows. America rovo j intionized all naval warfare during the , Civil war by Ericsson s invention of I the armor-clad fighting ship. His Monitor and the Confederate Merri mac ended forever the era of wooden ciaft and made possible the present day superdreadnought just as war driven Yankee ingenuity devised the submarine and the torpedo which could in future years sink the ironclad, Breech - Loading Gun. The breech-loading gun was a freak and an almost useless and non-de l»ndable freak at that—until tho Civil v " ,rs zpst 1' or slaughter proved how awkward and slow was the nuizzle loader. American inventors set their brains to the task of perfecting a breech-loading army gun. And long liefore the war's end they had suc ceeded. Up to that time two shots a minute was the best the average in fantryman could fire. Samusl Colt's Rovolvor. The Black Hawk war ravaged the ( pBtol w .i,s aljn a.i was the old-fashioned rifle. So, another Yankee inventor west. In that type of border warfare P<ft£ xfcs »0 needful. Vdduffc*« 1 pIBtol was almost as awkward to load 1 ■ Samuel Colt Can You Beat TtT World.) I FOOD lb SO HIGH I A w l CA( i T eat SALARY r % Hooray ! Boss <3 ahe Me As Raise . GET50MC Food Your W/re at the phone Tohk <? B>0SS I NEED A RA«S»E To flsræs« Food NOW l C4N Meet X>ur PRICES My HUS&AKD GoTa Raise MR FEEDUS LAD 75 ^ fAR r nt CC Bad cx news / MR FEEDUS HAS Raised The Price; of food again ^ To TOP my Raise 'I Have No Lover on the the Hattlefield." 1 have no lover on the battle-field, t do not go with sickening fear at hoa rt. Ana when the 'crier calls the hittrt horror 1 do not start. 1 have no lover on the battle-field, 1 am exempt from terror of the night, I can lie down, serene and disregarding, Entll the light. But on the battle-field had I a lover. How life would purge itself of putty pain. And what would mutter all the i>ftty losses. The petty gain.' 1 should be one with those who suffer greatly. XX itli jsiin all pain above. And 1 should know then, beyond per - adventure, The heart of Love) Jessie it. ItittonJvousp. weapon "—turned to the problem of a rapid fire pistol. In 1830 bo produced a weapon di .scribed as * a pistol with revolving' cylinder. ' This phrase was* almost as awkward ns had been tlte muzzle* Ion din# and one-shot sidfjfhrm. So it was eut «low n lo "revolve*. Tin* early Yndtnn \va^ led Ameri can settlers to study «»ttTf n way where* tin* rtimhrous muj!;ets of their Hme rould be made m#.iv accurate and deadly. So they hi»; on a plan for #reusing; bulb ts am'4 for lcn#thenin# Htc K\\n bar reis. T^us a clumsy 'and short ranged and 'uncertain soon became thrice as * if»*......... heretofore as tho Hritish were to barn ,.t 1.e\intftoi> and at Hunker JHIL Airship Another American Invention. The airship, rftill another Yank.e product, has re? olutioniz»'d land war* L>rc in Kurop* today as much as ever Un \ .inker in lad ehangrod sea filtht* imr. Two of the best Runs used at Ui»' front fiofcr—-the I.ewis and the HrownliiR r*' of American invention. Ihr "suhtiLoine kilirr" and th«' "bon* s.nkab|t' s ,ii| hi test dcvif'ei liste. t 1 h«' allie s hav«' looked to l*ncle fktm foi aid. ? nd tiny have not looked in v; ' n »t ]»«*!*haps the method by which 'fr may lead them most quickly to the inevitable Hour of Victory will not h e merely 1>\ means of men and food and munitions. IVrhaps it may he 1 /V some new American war «'npim' ich shall he as effecive aRainst the ci eniy as a ten-inch slit'll against an 1M :> Wftwion friRate. The idea is not at ail out of the Bounds of probability. The nation which invented the torpedo and the submarine and the airship is not yet c among; our very hringinR war up to hurlera of fcnxentice genius. Other wars have fanned this genius into a dostruc flame. Th,- present war will he no exception. THE DANGER. "The ga>^;roung lieutenant having a good time with all those pretty girfa» is (taking tilg chances." "In what way?" 'Isn't It ajwuyjt dangerous whefi a ^spark gets l^rar too much powdert" Bohemians I Have Met By tfëlëri Rowland from what hr The "Radical." He loves to toss back what he calls a "picturesque mane, fondly fanch's is a "leonine head!" He enjoys posinR, in a soft collar, a flowing tie. and a brown study—when he thinks some lascinating woman is lookinR. He delights to think of himself as a wreeker-of-hearts! He tjilks brilliantly <»t the "equality of the sexes"—but his wife has never yet found him equal to wiping tn«* dife'tes after a midnight supper. His idea of A HT is "something different.*' He believes that "freedom of thought" means "knocking" everything; and if you will listen to him long enough lie will try to prove to you that "whatever is. is WHOM ; ! " He is all for ' LABOR"—but he never does any. lie yearns passionately to liberate the world—but he smiles in a superior, bored way whe n you suggest that he might buy a Liberty bond. He is all for "brotherly love"—hut what ho loves most is his dinner, his profile and his own voice! The "Temperamentalist." She has painted the family furniture u passionate purple. She wears Nile-green smocks under a sea-green complexion. She sits around in alleged "tea-rooms," down in dark basements smoking cigarettes, when she ought to he busy doing Hod Cross work. She would DIE if she thought you knew she came from Brooklyn She goes to all the "Bohemian dances." as a N^rmph," etad from her mother's scrap-basket. Stic adores Frond—and imagines that she understands him. Stic loves to "shock people." She rains her living as a cashier—but she lias taken i>f> ' as a profession." All l can think of when 1 look at her is that I would like spanking, a spring tonic and a shampoo. Sin would he a nice girl, then! The "Wild, Free Woman." sh« is in.-»rried — hut she bus cut off her hair, refuses t<i wen ring .-Iud declines to us«* her husband's name. She will be NO man's "slave!" She arises every «lay in her "wild, free way." at the w.;d. fr«*< a. in. and oooks her husband's breakfast, while he sweetly dozes. When He has boon nourished and soothed and his clothes hav f'»r him, she rushes off to a "wild, free" office (where there are an«! an efficiency expert), and "liven her OWN life" pounding until five H. M. No man rules over her rxeept the manager—and tin* assistant manager, and tlie chief clerk, and th«* office hoy. • She will bo No man's slave! Alter «»ffh'O she huit tes horn«*, in order to do her marketing and to get her husband s dinner -w hile lu* reads the evening papers. It h** «lo* s not lik«* th«* w*»iy in which the asparagus has been cooked—she a«H»thes him and apologizes. 1 h«*n she chars th»* table, washes the dishes, puts th«* house in order, and sits down (in her wild, free w*o> t, to make over her last season's hat and mend her husband's socks. She DESPISES .1 ''| ai usité"— a woman who allows her husband to support her. and does not "do tilings" in the world! She v\dl tie No man's "slave!" I 1 ! I odd hits ! lassie dancing to give her 3l 11 a Wedding hour of six ■ been found 1 time-clock i typewriter. A MAN OF THE PEOPLE. Representative Scott Ferris of Oka hoina, who is training for the senato rial race, is a man of the people. A recent experience he had proved it. Ferris was down in the Osage coun try looking after some cattle land when night overtook him and he stopped at the home of a renter for shelter and food. When breakfast was [ served, alt of tlie members of (household poured their coffee into their I saucers to let It cool, and Kerris did i likewise. A few moments later, ac cording to a friend who accompanied | Ferris, two of the womenfolk were overheard discussing the congressman. ''He seems plain, don't he?" one said. "Yep, he tjoeg," -,t^y 1 olUgr, ,«plit'd. 'He saucera his coffee ju*t like any body that wasn't stuok -ot> would.*— Elisha Hanson in t'artoons Magazine. SHURE" IT iS. Sir James Murray, the author of the nexx English dictionary, was once a guest at a literary dinner at which a member of the company, greatly dar ing. started a discussion concerning the pronunciation of certain words. "Have you noticed, Sir James," he that in the entire English lan said. thejguage there is only one word begin nlng witli 'su' that is pronounced as though beginning with 'sh?' This one is sugar. Having made an exhaustive study of the subject you may take it from me that this is so. Bored though he was. the natix'e po liteness of the distinguished dictionary maker did not desert him. Assuming an expression of interest, although tits eyes twinkled behind his glasses, he Quietly asked, "Are you sure?"—Chicago Herald. In Other Papers THE WHEELER C0NTROVË-RSY. The Gi^gJ Falls Tribüne. A difference of Opinion has arisen Washington over the choice of a Enitcd Sattes district attorney for Montana. Dur two senators have not. been able to agree upon fids subject. Senator Walsh tjkyn he believes the present incumbent has discharged tho duties of that important office in such .1 way that he is entitled to a reap pointment. Senator Myers differs, and emphasizes hi» Judgment ii\ the matter with the opinion that theNpeople of Montana are not satisfied With the record of Mr. Wheeler and that they do not desire to have him reappointed. Sehator Myers further suggests t he appointment of Stephen J. Cowley of Great Falls as a. gentleman of higli legal ability and one who has given freely ' much ' pat riot le endeavor and itime to war work. From The Tribune'» viewpoint, senator Myers has by a long way the betler of thé argument, jlf this contention could be settled to day by referendum of tho people of thin State Mr. Wheeler would lose, out lm, ' , ' r «h avalanche of adverse ballots. If they don't g ht a change there will surely lie «mne howl go up. This Is the emphasis that has h> lie placed upon tho situation at the present mo ment regardless of the merits or de merits of Mr. Wheeler, or the pr> fer nee of the able and loyal senator who Itus been favoring Ilia appointment. We believe that Senator Walsh will realize what is here set forth before many days, if lie experts the favor of his 1 onstltuents. our judgment is that lie will have to withdraw his support from Mr. Wheeler. The distingulsUe l »eiialor from Montana has run in on a* sidetrack. He should back up' right away and gel on the main line The enthusiasm of Great Falls Is p ty naturally with Senator Myers a,id for Mr. Cowley, a well-known 11 xident attorney of this city and one who lias given lus time for many montlts to the service of the govern ment. .Many other sections of Mon tana have already seconded the sug g, si ion. Nearly all of Montana, so far ns we know, demands a change. 1" possible to NOTHING LEFT TO SHAVE. Recently an esteemed citizen dropped into a tonsprial establishment .to have his alfalfa reaped, and being somewhat weary, he soon fell asleep. For some minutes the barber made valiant at tempts to proceed, but flnallY he paused and gently shook the man in the chair. "Excuse m». sir." he said, "but would you miml coming out of- your trance for a little while. 1 find It im ve you while you are Asleep." "Impossible to shave me while I am asleep!" responded the customer,'won deriugly. "Why is it imixvssible"Be cause," explained the herber as softly as poaftilde. "when you fall info slum ber your miaith opens so wide that t cannot find your face.-Dayton. Ohio, News. FIRST PUBLIC LIBRARY, The first free public library' in America, supported by ltupukur 1 taxa tion, was «nabltslied bir,*ntj tfiB- town meeting at f'etct < MWbfr^ hj?!~Jf7 ' n. t eighty-five years ago.