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The Philipsburg mail. [volume] (Philipsburg, Mont.) 1887-current, February 03, 1899, Image 3

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WORKS. FOR OTHERS
The Happiest Main in the Crescent City-A
Humble Philanthropist.
NE of the most
unique charities in
the South, although
not very widely
known, is the Con
valescent home at
New Orleans, La.
Its founder and su
perintendent is
Capt. Robert Par
ker, a veteran
Christian worker
with an interesting history. From the
age of thirteen years, for nearly a
quarter of a century, he "followed the
Ma," advancing step by step, from
cabin boy to owner, and commander of
a vessel. Before coming to New
Orleans he founded an institution in
Swansee, South Wales, called "the
British Workman," the first place of
the kind established there. Having
lost a valuable ship by shipwreck, he
arrived in that place with £90 in
money. With this sum he leased a
piece of ground, put up a building and
opened a plant where a cup of coffee
and a cold lunch could be
had for cost. He conducted
this for three years, when, owing to
failing health, he turned it over to
others, to be conducted for the benefit
of the poor. From Wales he went to
South America. He was on the west
CAPT. PARKER.
oasot or Africa among the natives for
twelve months, and then embarked
from Cape Verde to Panama, and
thence to New Orleans, where he was
led to work on the same charitable
lines. He thus relates his own story:
"After quitting the sea I gave my life
to religious work in the city of New
Orleans. One feature of it was to visit
the Charity hospital every day, for over
ten years, praying with and comfort
Ing the sick, and holding religious
services every Sabbath. The Charity
hospital opens its doors to all comers
who are sick, no matter from what
quarter, and it is often overtaxed. As
soon as its patients are well they must
give way to the sick who are ever
crowding the doors for treatment. As
a consequence many have to leave the
hospital who have no place to eat or
sleep, have no money and are too weak
to work. The result is that many
would return to the hospital, relapsing
through exposure and starvation,would
die, and be carried to the Potter's
Field, unless some kindly souls inter
vened in their behalf. The first sug
gestion came to me through these cir
cumstances: One morning, several
years ago, I received a letter from the
station master of a railroad running
from New Orleans to Cairo, Ill., stat
ing that he had found a dead man in a
freight car, and that a Testament was
found in his pocket with my name in
it. I remembered him as a young man
twenty-two years of age, who a little
while ago had been discharged from
the Charity hospital. I felt sorry for
him. He was weak, had no money and
nad friends, and he sought to reach his
mother in Kansas. Knowing the en
gineer on the train, he started out. He
got in the freight car, and died before
he reached Cairo. That incident set
my mind at work, and the idea of a
home for convalescents took posses
sion of me-a place where people could
go after they left the hospital, vWeak,
friendless and poor, and find a home
until their strength should return,and
where they could find sympathy and
welcome."
PORT SAID.
Urlef Survey of the "Wickedest Place
on Earth."
In Port Said itself the'e is little
whatever to see, except diverse forms
of vice and wickedness. It is prob
ably the most thoroughly immoral and
vicious place on the face of the earth,
says the Favorite Magazine. But pas
sengers are more or less bound to go
ashore, for it is here that the steam
ers take in coal. The ship is soon
black with fine coal dust, and, as every
porthole and door is closed below, the
place is decidedly dirty and hot and
generally uncomfortably. The only
amusement on land is donkey riding.
There is an old Arab in Port Said who
looks as though he were steeped in
oil and soot, but who proudly informs
you: "My name, sir? I am John Fer
r-r-guson of Glasgow-of Glasgow,
mind ye." He owns six donkeys, of
which he is extremely proud. He is
a cute individual and very smart at de
tecting at a glance the particular na
tionality of any person he sees ap
proaching. He sees a Frenchman
coming along. "Oui, out, monsieur,
tres bon, tres bon, master want a don
key ride? My donkey tres ben don
key, go velly fast. Which donkey
master likee best? This one name
Napoleon, this one Victor Hugo and
this one Coloneeal Enterprise." He
persuades the Frenchman to try the
powers of Colonial Enterprise, whic.a,
by the way, are remarkably feeble,and
then turns to meet a German, saying:
"All my donkeys name after Germany
Very gut country, Germany. Not
same as dirty Frenchman. Mastes
want a ride? This donkey Bismarck,
and that one the Emperor William."
If the traveler is an Italian he has Gar
ibaldi and if by dress and speech he
recognizes the traveler to be an Eng
lishman he bows profoundly and re
quests that for a shilling an hour you
will be pleased to make Mr. Gladston.
Queen Victoria or Mrs. Langtry trot
round the square.
The journey through the Sues canal
is monotonous in the extreme, for the
ship moves very slowly and on either
side is a wide expanse of sandy desert
whose fearful glare is trying to the eye.
The canal widens out at the Bitter
lakes, across whose northern end the
Israelitish children made their mirac
ulous passage. It then narrows again
and preserves its uninteresting appear
ance right on to the end. The steam
ers stop in the gulf of Suez for a few
hours and take in mails and some
times a few passengers, but no one
goes ashore here, as the town of Suez
Is several miles distant. The general
character of the climate and of the
morality of the countries lying east
of this place have been well summed
up in one of Kipling's songs, where he
puts into the mouth of Tommy Atkins
the words:
"Ship me somewhere east of Suez,
Where the best is like the worst,
Where there ain't no ten commancdt
men ts,
And a man can raise a thirst."
Out of the gulf of Suez and we reach
the Red sea. At certain seasons of
the year the Red sea is almost unbear
able. The water taken from seventy
to eighty feet below the surface of the
sea at 6 o'clock in the morning will
often register a temperature as high as
90 degrees. It, in addition, a sand
storm thinks fit to blow, the whole air
is full of a mist made of innumerable
particles of fine hot sand, which blind:
and suffocates at the same time.
Watkmen's Compensation.
Following the example of Great Brit
ain, France and Italy have enacted
workmen's compensation laws. That
of France, which was signed by the
president April 9, 1898, applies to
workmen in all dangerous callings,
such as building trades, factory work,
mining, etc. The law applies only to
employes-who receive less than 2,400
francs ($480) a year. Employers are
bound to pay expenses of medical
treatment, and in case of death the
funeral expenses (to $20) of all who
are injured in their employ. In addi
tion the employer is required to pro
vide compensation proportioned to the
injury sustained, up to two-thirds of
the annual wages, in case of perma
nent disablement, and in case of death
pensions for the widow married before
the accident at the rate of 20 per cent
of the annual wages; to the widow
married later a compensation corre
sponding to three years' pension for
total disablement; for children and
"dependents" at the rate of 15 or 20
per cent of the annual wages, up to the
age of 16, but in no cases more in all
than 60 per cent of the dead man's
wages. If "inexcusable" negligence be
shown by the employer the compensa
tion may be increased. The Italian
measure provides for the insurance
against accident or death of every
workman engaged in dangerous trades,
and the employer must effect the insur
ance. The employer must pay medical
expenses. Compensation is paid only
to those earning not more than 2,000
lire ($400) a year, but in no case less
than 3,000 lire ($600).
BLIND HYMN-WRITER.
A woman of 70, a gentle, sightless
soul, who is the most popular song
writer the English language has
known, lives in Brooklyn. She is
Fanny Crosby, the blind poetess, who
has written over 4,000 songs and
hymns, among them the most success.
FANNY CROSBY.
ful of the Moody and Sankey songs.
Three generations have sung Miss
Crosby's hymns, which are heard daily
in church or chapel. The most familiar
of them are "Pass me not, 0 gentle
Savior," Jesus sla calling," "Rescue the
perishing," "Blessed Assuranice,"
"Saved by grace," "All the way mi
Savior leads me,' and "Safe in the arms
of Jesus," the last-named being Miss
Crosby's own favorite.
NOTES OF THE WHEEL.
MATTERS OF INTEREST TO DEV
OTEES OF TIE BICYCLE.
some RIecent Intlntions for the lIm
provemeat of the Ierycle-A Calclalt
Gas Lamp-The Latest Saddle-Novel
Sprocket Repair.
)Wheeas and Carriage·.
1HEEN show pro
motoers maintain
that there is a
necessity for cycle
shows because the
public must have a
1 new opportunity
to compare good
with bad construc
4. tion and find out
6' that the cycle busl
ness is not dead, it
seems odd that the same promotors
consider it expedient to divert the pub
lie's attention from the cycles by
means of motor carriages, which, by
the way, they will find it difficult to get
together. In regard to construction
and finish the question also naturally
arises whether the public are better at
discerning or the manufacturers at
concealing possible shortcomings. If
the public can see more deeply into
construction than the manufacturer
wants them to see, then the public does
not seem in much need of a show. And
if the contrary is true-that the manu
facturer is best at his own game-then
all manufacturers and dealers whose
wares are really good would be losers
by a show.
Novel Sprocket Repair.
A quite frequent repair on old ma
chines is the replacement of the front
sprocket, the work being made neces
sary by the wearing out of the original
sprocket. Sometimes the work is very
difficult on account of the sprocket
fastening. Many old sprockets are
brazed to the axle or otherwise se
cured so that the task of taking off
the old and putting on a new one is
laborious enough to take all the profit
off the job. A repairer has this sea
son re; arsid many such sprockets in
a manl;nler that not only affords ready
accoumplishnment of the work, but en
ables the shopman to better please
the patron than would be possible by
the mere duplicating of the old
sprocket wheel. The method also
makes it possible to put on a larger
sprocket than can be commonly se
cured of the old pattern, and avoids
all machining of stock sprockets in
.4ler to make them fit the axle. The
id sprocket is not taken from the axle,
but the arms are sawed off about an
lech above the hub. A sprocket of the
popular type is purchased and holes
drilled in the ends of the old sprocket
arm stubs. The sprocket is then
placed on the inner side of the old hub
and rivets put through the holes. Care
ful and solid riveting will securely
fasten the new sprockets to the hub.
The rivets should be as large as the
holes through which they pass in or
dcr to prevent the sprocket working
loose in use. The dished side of th,
sprocket being turned outward will
bring it in approximately the same
chain line as the former wheel. The
job in each instance where it has been
executed has given satisfaction as it
gives the owner of the machine a new
sprocket which is of a late popular
style and lends the bicycle something
of an up-to-date appearance. A slight
advance in charge may be made for
supplying the new sprocket over that
which could be expected for putting on
one of the old style, and as the job
is easier to do than the average job of
-r-ocket replacement after the old
plan, it becomes a more profitable re
pair for the shopman.
The Lltent In Saddles.
The claims allowed for this patent
six in number. Claim 1 reads as fol
lows: "In a bicycle saddle, the com
bination of the broad wooden frame,
the spring mounted on said frame and
attached at its front and rear ends
thereto, said spring having the yield
ing forwardly-extending portion and
the curved portion near the rear end
thereof, and the leather supported on
said frame and spring." Claim 6 is
more specific, as follows: "In a bicycle
saddle, the combination of a solid
wooden frame shaped into concavo
coavex form having the curved back
and laterally-extending side portions
and the reduced forwardly-extending
neck, the back of said frame rising
above the reduced forward portion
thereof and having an inward curve
at the center of the rear, the leather
shaped to conform to the contour of
said frame having at its back a cen
tral inward curve which coincides with
the curve of said frame and having the
central longitudinal depression lead
ing from said rear inward curve and
extending forward to a point adjacent
to the pommel, the pads interposed
between the leather and the frame
Feparated to form an open space be.
tween them, the central depressed
portion of the leather depesding be
tween said pads, the spring attached
to said frame at the front and rear,
its forward end projecting beyond said
frame and attached to the pommel ofi
the saddle leather."
Trade Marks for Bicycles.
A decision was recently handed down
by Patent Commissioner Duell, by
which registration was refused for a
word denoting a color as a trademark
for bicycles. The grounds first given
by the examiner for refusing to reg
ister the mark were that the word is
the salient feature of applicant's name
and is an ordinary surname. To this
the commissioner adds: "It is well
settled that color alone does not con
stitute a trademark. If a manufac
turer were allowed to monopolize by
trademark, the color of the package in
which his goods might be wrapped or
the color of the paint or enamel ap
plied to them, then legitimate compe
tition would be seriously Interfered
with. A manufacturer of bicycles may
paint or enamel his bicycles any color
which he may select; but such selec
tion will not take that color from out
the public domain, and any other man
uracturer will have an equal right to
use the Fame color. This right being
a common one, no manufacturer can
exclusively hold the right to any color
as against others, and if one paints
or enamels his bicycles white, yellow,
blue, green or olive, he has a right to
designate them by the color em
ployed."
Calcllto Gas Lamp.
An acetylene gas lamp of very sim
ple construction consists of a cylindri
cal casing containing an upper water
chamber and a lower generating
chamber. In the water chamber is a
needle valve which carries the regulator
for governing the feed of water, and
in the lower chamber fits the carbide
holder or carrier having the central
porous distributing column, which Is
directly under the feed opening in the
division wall. By this construction
the manufacturers feel confident ol
having accomplished a regular feed
and distribution of the water, a steady
light of any desired brilliancy within
the limitation of the lamp; and avoid
ance of all danger of explosion, as nc
pressure can ever be exerted in the
generating chamber.
Miller Makes Prophecles.
C. W. Miller, of Chicago, is home
again, after his three months' trip
abroad. His only victory across the
water was the winning of the 72-hour
race in Paris, but he believes he would
have had a good chance at first money
in the Berlin 24-hour race if it had not
been for the breaking of his wind
shields and ten of the chains on his
three petroleum motor tandems dur
Ing the first nine hours, and a bad fall
in the tenth hour. Huret won the race.
and now Miller wants to meet him in
a match race in Paris next year.
Frederic, the Swiss rider, who ran sec
ond to him in the 72-hour race, and
rode continuously for 42 hours with
out a dismount, he looks upon as a
dangerous competitor, and prophesie?
that he will finish among the first
three in the coming New York six-day
race. If Miller wins this race he says
he will go for the 24-hour record in
Paris, and feels confident that paced
by motor tandems fitted with wind
shields, he can cover 700 miles.
League Omcers Sued?
Albert Mott, Isaac 13. Potter and
Henry Sturney have just had a suit
for $25,000 for damages for libel
brought against them by the American
Cycle Racing Association for the warn
ing issued in a racing board bulletin
to foreign riders against participation
in the coming unsanctioned six-day
race, with the added advice to get pay
ment in advance for any remuneration
that may be offered them. Sturmey's
complicity in tile alleged libel is rather
foggy, as it does not clearly appear
that he printed the warning Mott an
nounces he sent to him for promulga
tion by the International Cyclists' As
sociation. In any event, he can prob
ably shift the responsibility onto the
L. A. W. officials.
Island of Monte Crlsto.
Iovers of Dumas' immortal romance
will note with interest the statement
by the London Morning Post's Rome
correspondent that the island of Monte
Cristo, rendered so famous by Dumas'
immortal romance, is about to be or
ganized as a hunting ground for the
Prince of Naples. The Italian news
papers add that the lease of the
Marquis Ginori, who previously hired
the shooting in the Island, has run out,
and that the state is arranging to re
serve the island-which is thickly;
wooded and completely uninh:bited-
as a special shooting groun-l for the
crown prince.
Sunicipal E.lectrir Lighting in England.
Statistics compiled by Robert Ham
mond show that local authorities in
England have new works in course oL'
construction amounting to $5,000,000,
against $2,000,000 in the case of com
panies. Manchester had a net profit
of £16,812 last year; Liverpool's profit
was £17,000; Hampstead, £3,900, and
St. Pancreas, £6,850.
SCIENTIFIC TOPICS.
Current Notes of Iiterestingi and Instructive
Discoveries and Inventions.
Skates of Olnrs.
Cinderella's glass slipper bids fair
to become something more than a
myth, though the modern Cinderella
will need no fairy godmother to fur
nish her with a coach in which to
reach home swiftly. Her slippers will
answer the purpose. The modern Cla
derella's glass slipper is a skate, of
which the upper part resembles a slip
per, open behind, with a split "lace
up" heel-cap. The Age of Steel de
scribes this new skate as a skate of
glass, hardened by a recent process to
the consistency of steel. Every part
of the skate is of glass, from the slip
per-like upper to the glittering blade.
It is asserted that the glass blades are
rmuch more slippery than steel ones,
and that they will run almost as well
over rough, snow-covered ice, as on a
smooth ice-sheet, and will also go
easily over inequalities, twigs and
other obstructions. They are made
very sharp, and are so extremely hard
that it is almost impossible to blunt
them. They are unlike steel skates
in that they never want grinding, and
never rust. The new skates are as
pretty as they are efficient. They are
very nearly transparent, and in some
cases the glass, while in the liquid
state, is variously colored. Several
notable skaters are said to have tested
them, in every case with most satis
factory results. So the pretty skates,
with their sharp blades, will, in all
probability, soon be seen skimming
over lakes and streams, and youths
and maidens who long ago relegated
the Cinderella story to the region of
their childhood, will take a renewed
interest in glass slippers.
A New Anesthetl.
Two German investigators, MM. Ein
horn and Heints, have lately discov
ered a new anaesthetic which they call
orthoform. It belongs to the group of
aromatic amidoethers, and is a light
crystalline white power, tasteless,
odorless and of weak solubility. With
acids it forms soluble salts, which are
also anaesthetic, but too irritating to
be employed locally on mucous mem
branes. Applied in powder or oint
ment to a wound or raw surface, ortho
form renders them insensible-a fact
confirmed by repeated clinical obser
vation. In extensive burns, especially.
orthoform allays the severest pains in
a few minutes, and the relief endures
for hours. Being non-poisonous,
there is no danger in reapplying it as
often as may be required after the
first effect has ceased. Thus, in a case
of ulcerated cancer of the face, where
constant and excruciating pain ren
dered sleep impossible orthoform to
the amount altogether or fifty grants,
was dusted over the sore for a whole
week. Pain ceased, and no ill effect
followed. The remedy is equally safe
and effectual when administered in
ternally as an anodyne in cancer of
the stomach. Moreover, it is a pow
erful antiseptic, and consequently pro
motes healing. Orthoform has no ef
fect on the unbroken skin, but owing
to its decided action upon mucous
membranes, may prove valuable as a
local anaesthetic previous to opera
tions on that region-a question which
is now being experimentally deter
mined at Munich.--Paris Revue Sclen
tlfique.
s8nging for the Phonograph.
If you have listened to the songs
churned out by the phonographs, and
enjoyed them, you will be interested
in learning that the picture here given
illustrates the manner in which the
songs are obtained. The young lady
is singing "Don't Let Mother Loose
Till Papa's Gone," or Ecme equally
popular ballad, into three big metal
cones, through which the round is car
ried to the vibrators, which record the
song on three wax cylinders. These
cylinders are the "records" which give
out the song again when a nickel is
dropped in the phonograph slot.
Prehistorle Mammoths.
The bones of prehistoric mammoths
are constantly found in Yukon and
Alaska, but the miners have no time,
opportunity or desire to pick the huge
specimens out. A. Stafford, of Leth.
bridge, N. W. T., however, realising
their value, has brought several specl
mens of defunct monarchs of the Arctic
zone to the coast and is communicat
ing with the Smithsonian Institute re
garding the specimens found on his
own claim, including a pair of tasks
ten feet long, seven Inches in diameter,
together with a hip bone. The socket,
empty for centuries, was as big as a
soup bowl, and over eight inches across
the top. Close by the skull was found,
three times the size of that of a buf
falo with two horns, distance between
horns being over two feet. Gold was
thick all round the deep-buried re
mains. In fact small nuggets wQre
found imbedded in the bones.
Snill Uned on a Italronad.
The South ('arolina & Georgia rail
road i: the oldest in the United States
and, excepting a few short lines built.
in England in the early '20s, the oldest
in the world. T'rhe South Carolina
company was organized May 21, 182,.
and during 1829 six miles of the roa't
were constructed. At the start horse
power only was used. Then a prem
ium of $.:00 was awarded to the in
ventor of the endless chain process,
which was calculated to move pas
senger cars at the rate of twelve miles:
an hour. In 1829 and 1830 sails were
substituted for the horse power. This
exp rimnent proved hl,;hly satisfactory,
as it carried, when the wind was right,
thirteen passaunllger. aind three tons of
iron at the rate of 1'n miles an hour.
This mean; of luocnuotion, however.
canto to ani albr:npt enrd one day, when
the wind simhl;aly lhjinged and took
the sail, nu.n . ,i -ai;ors and all over
board in a "a:c av. ich ,hr'ovse the cars
at fifteen inils 11n hoBur. In March.
1830, a contrant was awarded to thlEs
We-t Point foundry of Ncw York to
construct all engine guaranteed to
nmake ten miles an hour and haul three
times its weight. This was the first
locomotive built in America and it
was called Best Friend. It was four
wheel concern, all the wheels being
drivers. These wheels had iron hubs,
with wooden spokes and felloes.
Water and liet.
From the Philadelphia Record:
Water is the hardest of all substances,
to heat, with the single exception of
hydrogen gas. The easiest two are
mercury and lead, which stand in this
respect on nearly the same footing.
The same quantity of heat which will
raise an ounce of water from the
freezing to the boiling point will raise
the temperature of about 30 ounces of
mercury or lead, 9 ounces of iron, it
ounces of copper, 15 ounces of silver
through the same number of degrees,
and the heat which is put into these
substances to raise them to this or to
any other temperature will be thrown
off by them as they cool.
Protection for Old Docnments.
Collectors of old documents, rare en
gravings, stamps or other valuable pa
pers that ought to be protected from
the noxious influences of the air anl
from moisture can easily preserve them
in their original condition by covering
them with a 3 per cent solution of col
lodion. This solution can be applied
with a soft brush without the slight
est danger to the objects thus treated.
This proceeding is mainly applicable
where delicate colors that are soluble
in water are to he preserved In their
pristine freshness and beauty. The
collodion covering Is, therefore, hoeft
excellent for preserving water-color
paintings and pastels.
(rtting Rld of Aches at Sea.
Formerly the ashes on steamships
were gathered into great cans, hoisted
to the decks with more or less difficulty
and thrown overboard. Among the
new devices for labor saving in this
direction is a chute into which a very
strong air current is forced. The ashes
are placed in the chute as they ac
cumulate and are almost instantly
blown through this conductor into the
sea. The amount of labor saved by
this means can scarcely be appreciated
by those who have not watched the
wearisome dragging of the enormous
quantity of refuge from the furnaces in
steamships and large plants of this de.
scription.
Electrlely in Shipbuildtag.
The use of electricity in shipbuild
ing, as well as for the ship's machin
ery, is making rapid progress. The
portable electric drills used in ship
yards have resulted in a marked econ
omy, working as they do as reagily in
the most inaccessible places or awk
ward positions as in the open. An
other invention of note in this line is
an electric riveter, so that now the
holes may be drilled and the rivets
driven from the same power circuit.
This machine will deal with rivets up
to one-eighth-inch diameter at the
rate of 120 per hour, requiring for this
work only one and a half horse-powen
Don't kick an infurttted dog when
you have slippers on.

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