Newspaper Page Text
A REMARKABLE MAN.
HE WAS ONCE PRESIDENT FOR ONE DAY. David R. Atchison. the Missouri Senator Who Occuples a Unique Place Ia Amerlcan Blstory-The Story of His Career. (St. Louis Letter.) David Rice Atchison was born at Frogtown, Fayette county, Ky., Aug. 11, 1807, and died in Clinton county, Mo., Jan. 26, 1886, in the 79th year of his age. His father was William Atchison, an elder in the Presbyterian church, and a wealthy farmer of Fayette county, the center and garden spot of the Blue Grass region of Kentucky, who when 6 years of age, moved with his father's family from Lancaster county, Pa., to the rich and magnificently improved county in which young David Atchison was born. David R. Atchison in 1823 graduated with high honor at Transylvania Uni DAVID R. ATCHISON. versity, Lexington, Ky., an institution of learning which even at that early day was of high repute. After receiv ing the degree of bachelor of arts, he determined to study law, and among the eminent barristers whose instruc tion he enjoyed were Judge Jesse Bled soe, Charles Humphrey and William T. Barry, the latter afterward postmaster general under Andrew Jackson, 1829 35, and the first po:stmaster general known to our laws. He was admitted to the bar and practiced his profession for a short time in his native etate. Notwithstanding the flattering pros pects that opened before him, and the importunities of friends, he determined to "go west and grow up with the country," and in 1S30 selected Liberty, Clay county, Mo., as his permanent home. Clay county at that time did not contain 6,000 inhabitants, and Lib erty was a small straggling village. The only resident lawyer of the place was William T. Wood, now a venerable and distinguished citizen (aged 90) of Lexington, Mo., who several years ago retired from the bar and bench with "high honors thickly set upon him." At a regimental muster at Dale's farm, near Liberty, in the summer of 1835, a citizens' mereting was held. which originated the project, of the "Platte purchase," Gen. Andrew S. Hughes addressing the meeting. A committee was appointed to memorial ize congress, consisting of William T. Wood, David R. Atchison, A. W. Don Iphan, Peter H. Burnett and Edward M. Samuel. Judge Wood wrote the me morial. Senator Benton introduced the bill, and he and Senator Linn urged its adoption, and in 1836 the "purchase" was accomplished. A few years after taking up his resi dence at Liberty, Atchison was ap pointed by Gov. Dunklin major general of the northern division of the Mis souri state militia, an honor to which he is indebted for the prefix to hi. came, "Ceneral." H(n. Lewis F. Linn, one of the Unit ed States Senators from Mli.+o+i:i, die: in Ste. Gcenevieve Oct. 2, 181:1, who:reul, on it .c~mrn the duty of Gucv. Re: nolds to appoint a succu'e::,r to occulp his :eat until the !h.'isialUle elected somebody to f111l it. The governor ap pointed Atchison, which was unexpect ed and opposed by many of the gov ernor's political friends. In fact, it was roundly denounced, and the gover nor severely criticlsed for making it. Although a man of large experience in official life and of recognized ability, Gov. Reynolds was acutely sensitive to public criticism, and therefore pos sessed the weakness of being rendered very unhappy by it. It was the cank ering plague spot of his existence. When therefore he committed suicide by a rifle shot in his office on Feb. 9, 1844, many supposed that the chief, if not the only cause of the sad catas trophe was the abuse he had received, principally on account of the appoint ment of Atchison. When he entered the senate in 1844 his colleague, Col. Benton, had served the people as a senator for nearly a quarter of a century and occupied the front rank among the most distin guished statesmen of that body. The new senator's position, therefore, was very embarrassing. He was overshad owed by the colossal reputation of a colleague whose fame was coextensive with the English-speaking people of the globe. Under this shadow he con tinued to the end. It is easy to see, because the logic of Atchison's career in the senate and out of it disclosed the fact, that he an tagonized his colleague in h;! "appeal" from the Jackson resolutio.: of 1848. During the pendency of that issue in the court in 1849 and while Col. Benton was prosecuting his remarkable can vass, Senator Atchison addressed the people at various places, and generally in company with Representative James 1. Green. Among his appointments with Mr. Greene was one at Columbia on July 21.- Both spoke at great length and with acknowledged ability. Senator Atchison was cool and dispas sionate, indulging in no denunciation or personal abuse, and often referred to Benton as "your most distinguished senator." He occupied much time in defending the right of instruction as a doctrine canonized in the traditions and if:inciples of the Democratic par ty, to which they both belonged, and in seeking to show that Benton's "ap peal" was at war with the doctrine. Senator Atchison was a leading and active anti-Benton and pro-slavery Democrat, and during the pendency of the Kansas-Nebraska question in con gress, as well as after his retirement from the senate, he had the courage of his convictions and took a promi nent and aggressive part in efforts to enforce them. Ilis sympathies were with the south during the civil war, and he only declined a commission as brigadier general in the confederate army that was tendered him by Gov. Jackson because the county was not within the limits of the division. Senator Atchison was a man of im posing presence, 6 feet 2 inches high, and straight as an arrow, florid com plexion, and would weigh about 200 pounds. He was the soul of honor, a member of the Presbyterian church, a fine conversationalist and possessed a great and exact memory. As a citi zen he was plain, jovial and unostenta tious and simple in his tastes. He was not an aristocrat in dress, living or life, but a democrat by nature and education, with profound sympathies for what Mr. Lincoln called "the com mon people." HIe regarded himself as one of the people, and therefore for the people. He was not an orator, and in his speeches to senate or peo ple did not attempt to reach conclu sions by curved line.s ornamented with the flowers and festoons of classic dic tion, but by straight lines that he re garded as most ornamented when or namented the least. His speeches were not beautifully polished shafts of Corinthian marble, but ragged col umns of native granite. He was no orator as Brutus is. but, as all the people knew, a plain blunt man, who only spoke right on. Atchison coun ty, JMo., and the City of Atchison, Kan., were named in honor of him. WM. F. SWITZLER. THIS CAT DRINKS AND SMOKES William Thompson of Glenwood, Pa., has the most remarkable cat in Pennsylvania. The cat came to Mr. Thompson's house one stormy night a year ago. T'he cat was so affec tionate that he was adopted. After a while the cat betrayed a strange fond ness for the smoke that Thompson puffed from his cigars. It became so noticeable that Thomas' foster father regularly shared his after-dinner cigars with the cat, giving him the smoke. For a joke a cigar was put into the cat's mouth one day, and, to Thompson's great astonishment, the I, THOMPSON'S CAT. cat sat up on his hind legs and puffed complacently. There was only one drawback to his success. His teeth were so sharp that they bit off the end of the cigars. To remove this, Mr. Thompson had a wooden cigar-holder made for Thomas, and he is now able to indulge his taste for tobacco. An other accomplishment of the cat is his ability to drink beer without dis agreeable effects. Beer rfow forms one of the chief articles of the cat's diet. The Rocking-Chair lHabit. Physicians are condemning the com fortable American rocking-chair, and they say that many of the nervous diseases to which American womet_ are especially the victims are due to it. A woman thinks she is resting while really she is exercising as much force of the lower muscles of the back and legs as would suffice to run a sewing machine for that length of time. Very few women sit still in a rocking-chair or are content with the gently swaying motion which is only mildly exhausting, but they rock vig orously, and the amount of nervous energy expended is incredible. Rock ers are rare in England and this is cited as one reason why middle-class Englishwomen have fewer nervous dis orders and superior general health to our women. A CHINESE NEWS REPORTER. Ia Grange (Ind.) Correspondence. The Sanderson murder case at Bat tle Creek, in which, it is alleged, a wife poisoned her husband by the use of ground glass, has brought to light a Chinese newspaper reporter. Battle Creek claims the distinction of hav ing the only Chinaman who writes for newspapers for many states around. William S. Lee is known to the citi zens as the American Chinaman, and is American in every particular, even to having his queue cut off. His lan guage is good and he speaks a clear tongue. His work in the murder case consists of translating the facts into the Chinese language, which, he said, is a very tedious undertaking. His let ters are sent to Hongkong. He said that there is an old tradition in China that no Chinaman shall kill his en emy; that the greatest curse any one can have is to have a Chinaman kill himself at the door of his enemy. Su icide is popular to a certain extent in China. but more so with women than with men. As the woman is / / THE CHINESE REPORTER. considered inferior to the man, the alleged killing of the husband by the use of ground glass is causing a sen sation in the Chinese metropolis. Mr. Lee was born in Portland, Ore., and has traveled extensively in many Eu ropean and Asiatic countries. The profits which accrue to him now from his business will be used for a course in navigation, which is his ambition. THE PORTUGUESE IN INDIA, On the 8th of July, 1497, Vasco de Gama, the greatest of Portuguese nav igators, put out from Lisbon with four frail barks in quest of the Indies. He sailed around Cape of Good Hope, landing at Mozambique and Monbaca. Thence he crossed the Indian ocean, reaching the city of Calicut May 20, 1498. He returned to Portugal to con firm in part the wonderful stories of the east long before related by Marco Polo. He pointed out the supreme op portunity of Portugal to acquire a trade of immense importance, a fact which the government appreciated and acted upon with that vigor and celerity which contributed so largely toward making this little nation the commer cial queen of the age. D'Almeida was despatched to India as viceroy, and after earning a great victory and establishing by brute force and cunning the claims of Portugal, he was supplanted in his office by Al buquerque, the most illustrious of Portuguese warriors. By the capture of Socotra and Ormuz he closed the routes to India of the Venetians and Mussulmans. To the demand made by the Shah of Persia for indemnity for closing the route by way of Ormuz, Albuquerque led the envoy to a heap of bullets, pointing to which he made the bold reply: "That is the kind of money with which the King of Portu gal pays his tribute." Hearing that a Venetian fleet had been taken to pieces at Cairo and transported by camels across the desert, he made haste to destroy the vessels before the own ers had an opportunity of reaching the Indian ocean. Albuquerque conquered Goa and made it the capital of Portuguese In dia. Next he subdued Malacca, after which he gained for Portugal an en trance to Oceanica. His brain was filled with vast schemes for the ad vancement of his native land, one be ing the turning of Egypt into a desert by draining the Nile into the Red sea. He also desired to destroy Mecca and Medina in retaliation for the taking of Jerusalem by the Mohammedans. In that age retaliation and brute force seemed to have obscured all feelings of mercy and humanity; but, in jus tice to Albuquerque be it said, he was one of the few conquerors of this age who was respected and loved by the conquered. Long after his death the East Indians were wont to go to his tomb and pray for protection against the cruelty and inhumanity of his suc cessors. He was too great a man not to in spire the jealousy and apprehension of his king; hence it is not surprising that he died poor and in disgrace. There is something very s;athetic in the spectacle of this colossal figure, who had given Portugal one of the most splendid empires of the world, crying out in the midst of his poverty, neglect and disgrace, "To the tomb. worn-out old man: to the tomb!" He died in the year 1515. at the age of 72. After Albuquerque. Soares made sev eral important conquests, Ceylon be ing among the number. Tortol-e abhsl, as it comes to market from the Vest Indies, is coarse, d'.rty, ",d lustertesc, and only the most skill ful and patient maninulation makes it the rich and heautiful material that it eventually becomes. A LONDON FREAK. COMMEMORATES THE NAME OF A PISTIC BRUISER. By Bulding a Monument to Pagillst Jackeon-Not to Our Petor, but to "Gentleman John," of England, It Is Reared. (London Letter.) If any of the noted pugilists of to day, Sharkey, Fitzsimmons, Corbett or any of the rest of the galaxy of flsti ana, were to die, it is a serious ques tion whether an admiring and reverent populace would place over his remains an imposing monument, bearing an epitaph which set forth his worth and expressing regret at his passing. Yet in an English churchyard lies all that is mortal of a man who was once the champion of the English prize ring, and the spot is marked by a monument which shall tell to all generations his virtues. Such is the decadence of the prize ring. "Gentleman" John Jack son, who for years held undoubted sway in the roped arena, was still the instructor and confidant of titled gen tlemen of England, was honored by royalty and was intrusted with the athletic training of the sons of most English gentlemen of his day. His fame was such that his sobriquet "Gentleman John" spread all over Britain, and he never committed a deed which disgraced that title. He was beloved and honored through the years of his active life, and the whole country mourned his demise. He was the idol of the British public eighty years ago, the lion of the nobility and the friend of the peasant and the toiler. John Jackson won the championship of England from Daniel Mendoza, and so decisively that it was Jackson's last fight, though for three years afterward he was open to challenges, but none was forthcoming, and the champion ship was presented to one James Bel cher. Prior to passing over the champion ship to Belcher Jackson had met and HER SON MAY BE A KING. DUCHESS OF AOSTA. An heir to the throne of Italy has just been born. His mother is one of the loveliest women in Europe. The child will be called Emanuele Filiber to, with the title of prince of Savoy, and if there are no boys born to his father's eldest brother, the prince of Naples, who is the king's nephew, and none to King Humbert himself, this small boy is bound to wear the crown, if the Italian republicans do not spoil his chances. This beautiful mother of his was the Princess Helena of Or leans until she married the Italian duke of Aosta. She is one of the defeated England's noted fighters. His name was a household word, not only for his athletic ability, but for his many virtues. Indeed, in those days it was positive neglect of education if a youngster had not been a pupil of John Jackson. It was part of a gentleman's scholarship. Collegians from the universities of England were taught the act of self-defense as a mat ter almost compulsory. It was in this way that Jackson came in personal contact with the highest in the land. The list of his pupils embraced one third of the peerage. Lord Byron was an enthusiastic follower of Jackson. All will remember the author of "Don Juan" referring to the great professor in a note to the eleventh canto of that famous work. He wrote: "My friend and corporeal master and pastor, John Jackson, esquire, professor of pugilism, who, I trust, still retains the strength ind symmetry of his model and form, together with his good humor and athletic as well as mental accomplish ments." Was that not a eulogy from such a source? But then Jackson was re fined, courteous, intellectual and well educated-a fit associate for the high est in the land, and yet a professional pugilist. Although everybody, even the most enthusiastic admirer of pugil isam, must admit that the ring has, and always had, many unpleasant people and matters associated with it, there cannot be any doubt that when a man like Jackson took the lead in the ranks of pugilists it became an honorable and gentlemanly pastime. In about the year 1812 the Pugilistic club was formed, which might be com pared with the National Sporting club JACKSON MONUMENT. of to-day. The formatiun of this still further tended to raise the tone of box ing, for the highest in the land became its supporters. Here are a few: The dukes of York and Clarence, the duke of Queensbury, the earl of Albemarle, the carl of Sefton, the marquis of Tweeddale, Lord Byron, Lord Berkeley and others. For twenty-five years this club floiurished, but was abandoned about eight years before Jackson's de mise. To refer to some of the remarkable episodes of Jackson's life, it is record ed that in 1814, in honor of the peace of Europe, after the fall of Napoleon late Comte de Paris' daughters and is very much like her sister, the queen of Portugal, but she is prettier. She was educated in England and can jump fences and ride across country with the best of them. Her roses are by no means without thorns, dor the French are not popular in her adopted country and the great majority of Italians hope she may never be queen. The celebrated duel that occurred last year between the duke of Orleans and the prince of Naples meant to Helene that her brother and brother-in-law were trying to kill each other. Bonaparte, there were great rejoicings throughout England. Among the visitors were the emperor of Russia, the king of Prussia and a numerous train of distinguished generals, the guests of the prince regent. On the programme of amusement for the visitors was an exhibition of Brit ish pugilism, which was stated to have been organized expressly at the request of these illustrious foreigners. Lord Lowther invited the emperor of Rus sia, Generals Platoff and Blucher, with other distinguished persons on June 15, 1814, to his house in Pall, Mall, where they witnessed a set-to with the gloves. Jackson passed away in 1845 and wa3 sincerely mourned by the British na tion. Above his last resting place was erected a monument bearing a statue of the fighter and the following in scription: "Stay, traveler," the Roman records said, To mark the classic dust beneath it laid; "Stay, traveler,' this brief memorial cries, Hast thou a lion's heart, a giant's eyes. And read the record with attentive strength? Exult not, for these gifts must yield at length. Do health and symmetry adorn thy frame? The moldering bones below possessed the same. Does love, does friendship, every step attend? This man ne'er had a foe, ne'er lost a friend. Here is a model for the modern pu gilist. If the prize fighter wishes to remove from his profession the stigma of brutality and coarseness and all the other characteristics attributed to it let him but follow the course of "Gen tleman John" Jackson. A ROYAL ROMANCE. As old King George II. was taking the air in Kensington Gardens one fine summer morning in the middle of the last century, says the writer of an in teresting article in the January num ber of the Cornhill, a little girl of five years, who was walking with her sis ters and the Swiss nurse, broke away from the party, skipped up to the king, dropped a curtesy, and greeted him with the remark: "Comment vous portez-vous, M. le roi? Vous ayes icd une grande et belle maison, n'est-ce pas?" The old king, familiar, and per haps bored, with the pomp and eti quette of his usual relations with his subjects, was pleased beyond measure at the originality of the introduction. He took notice of the child, often had her to visit him at the palace afterwards, even romped with her, and put her in a large china jar, where, instead of showing fright, she sang "Malbrouck s'en va-t-en guerre" at him from under the lid. The little girl was Lady Sarah Lennox, and, as daughter of the Duke of Richman, a great officer of the court, she and her sisters had the privilege of being in the gardens to see the royal prome nade. It was the prettiest entrance imaginable to the great world where this young lady was destined for a time to play a great part. Ten or a dozen years later all fashionable Lon don was agog with excitement, wrote letters, reported every movement and every rumor of Lady Sarah, for it was the question of 1761 whether she was or was not to become queen of Eng. land. In 1758 Lady Sarah entered London society, and returned to the care of Harry Fox and his wife at Holland House, a tall, beautiful shy girl of fourteen. Two years later the town was in raptures, in fact, and all the young men were making sheep's eyes at the beauty of sixteen. There was my Lord Carlisle; my Lord Errol, whom she refused; my Lord Newbot tie, with whom she flirted desperately; Mr. Thomas Bunbury, whom she after wards married, and no doubt a score of others whose' names are not record ed. Last of all, there was the Prince of Wales, now become George III. of England, who was a willing victim., He saw Lady Sarah often. There was no flirtation here; the king was in deadly earnest. There was no stupid royal marriage act in force; this the king, perhaps in the light of his own experience, thoughtfully pro vided for his relations when they be gan to marry into Horry Wolpole's family. But at present the king knew his own mind, and there is no doubt that if Lady Sarah had known hers, she might have ascended the throne in 1761 as Queen of Great Britain and Ireland. Shortly afterwards Lady Sarah went into Somersetshire, rode out, fell with her horse, and fractured her leg. The faithless : wbottle made some unfeel ing remark when told of the accident; the faithful king was all solicitude for the suffering young beauty. The young girl at last, perhaps, knew her mind; but it was too late. There was more in the rumor in the princess from Mecklenburg than Fox thought. It was all over; there was no doubt about it at all. The king summoned the council to announce the marriage, and Lord Harcourt went over for the princess, and the little, self-possessed lady came across the Channel to Har wich, and was not seasick for above half an hour, but sang and played on the harpsichord nearly all the way. Poor Lady Sarah!-and her troubles were not over yet, either. The king selected her as one of the bridesmaids, "all beautiful figures," says Mr. Walpole, "but with neither features nor air; Lady Sarah was by far the chief angel." The marriage did not take place till 10 o'clock at night. There were the pretty bridesmaids, with Lady Sarah at their head, all in a row, and the king had more eyes for Lady Sarah than for his bride all through the ceremony. When it was over, up comes my Lord Westmore land. And then the old Jacobite, who has hardly any eyes at all, mis takes Lady Sarah for the queen, drops on one knee, and takes her hand to kiss it. Lady Sarah has to draw back with a blush, and cry: "I am not the queen, sir," and George Selwyn utters that bitter jest: "You know he always loved Pretenders." Did ever romance end in such embarrassment for a poor young girl of sixteen? It takes a police force of 7,461 men to protect the interests of New York's population against crime and disorder. Icebergs in the Atlantic sometimes last for 200 yeers