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M'ADE THE BASIS OF A SUIT AT LAW. Jnlted Lover Preenti a 1ill While His Sweetheaart Has Ono for Kisses-An Amnslng Controveray That Is Convuis Ing a Pennsylvania Town. (Special Letter.) A quarrel lbetwen two lovers in Pennsylvania has opened up a novel and an intere.tin g ' state of things. The lovers era, or were, Frank Seno vita and Sobie Seraphln, and they live near tra;:dord, McKeEan county. For three years Prank paid court to ,the fair Sophie and the latter recipro cated his affection. The public gener ally believed that a marriage would be :the result, and it probably would have 'been the culmination of their romance were it not for an injudicious pro posal on the part of the too-sure Frank. A few weeks ago Frank popped the question, but with a strange blindness added to his proposal the statement Frank Senovitz, Sophie Seraphin. that he did not know of anybody else who cared to marry Sophie. This net tled Sophie, and she tartly refused, stating for Frank's special enlighten ment and after consideration that she was not aware of anyone who would marry him. And thus they parted, each nursing wounded pride and each determined never to be the first to attempt a bridging of the gulf be tween them. And now Frank is about suing for his expenses during the period of courtship. Each time he saw the fair Sophie it cost him 40 cents in car fare. But he had other expenses. He paid on numerous occasions for ice cream, tintypes, bouquets, soda water, chocolate and the like. He had also to keep himself neat and presentable, and thus before each visit was forced to patronize the bootblack. All these items of expense foot up the respec table total of $316, and Frank wants Sophie to settle the bill, and threatens her with a law suit in case she does not pay. Sophie has no intention of settling. On the contrary she has a bill against Frank and one that greatly exceeds his. Her counter bill is for kisses at the rate of $1 each. Sophie is a very pretty girl and we may well believe that the infatuated Frank during the three years of courtship did not care for market price of kisses. Sweetness was around him and like the honey bee he gorged himself. Offering an opinion off-handed, we think that Frank has acted very "mean" and we congratulate Sophie that there is enough of her left to go into the kiss'ng business again. A man who would consider the expense of a shoe shine while luxuriating in free kisses, the market value of which is assessed at $1 each, isn't worth having. The First War Correspondent. It is of interest to note that the first war correspondent was Henry Crabb Robinson, who, when the Span iards rose against the French in 180 was intrusted by the conductors of the Times with the duty of speci-! correspondent in the peninsula. It is to the enterprise of the Daily New: that we are largely indebted to the first war correspondence by telegraph instead of by post. This was done at the saggestion of Mr., now Sir John Robinson, during the Franco-German I war, when the late Archibald Forbes was its correspondent. Mr. Fox Bourne, in his book, English Newspa pers, states that, mainly by the graph ic letters which appeared in its columns, the paper rose from 50,0c00 to 150,000 a day. This correspond ence included the Diary of a Besieged Resident in Paris, by Henry Labouch ere.-Notes and Qieries. Americans Are Formldable Competitors. An English shoe trade organ quotes one of the traveling salesmen of a Liverpool hou:e as follows: "In look ing backward one feels that the spring season has been especially noteworthy in respect to one peculiar item, name ly, every commercial traveler repre senting a British house has felt American competition to be a real live fact, and far from being the bogy it was said to be some time hack. Slow ly the American houses have ad vanced and spread themselves around, adapting themselves to the wants of each particular market with a clever ness which will always make them ,formidable competitors." Woman's Enfranchisement. Mrs. Catharine Waugh McCulloch, $resident of the Illinois Woman's Suf frage association, was prominent at Rochester, N. Y.. at the meeting of the business committee of the national association. One of the objects of the tieeting was to make arrangements for the great bazaar to be held in New York, for which contributions are be ing received from women in every state in the union and Porto Rico, the Philippines and Hawaii. The proceeds are to be used in forwarding the move penat for woman's enfranchisement. UNTIDY TRAVELERS, E3ra tuonlsts Are Both fade-Temnp~.e and JDusty in SIot Weatler., There's no doubt about it, sumlmer's a very demoralizing time. It isn't only that in warm weather we sea the peo ple we once considered ,the pink of neatness, with hair uncurled and in careless dress; it is that both the tem per and the intellect are affected by a temperature of 100 degrees in the shade. It is noticeable when one gets in a crowd on such a day that polite. ness is at a low ebb. Everybody's as snappy as a cat, and the man who or dinarily would smile pleasantly when a fellow-sufferer apologized for acci dentally stepping on his foot now growls a "Why can't you be careful?" while he looks at the injured member as if he were disabled for life. This is specially true on an excursion boat or train, where each individual's as tired and exhausted aznd irritable as only a person can be who's been spend ing a "long, happy day in the country." Everyone is in everyone else's way, and the man with the dress suit case and the women with the telescope who sit in the same seat of the railway coach conflict as much as their lug gage does. An innocent looking girl pokes a strange man in the hack with her umbrella entirely without mean ing it and receives such a fierce look in return that she shrinks under it, drops her sunshade to the floor and lets it stay there the remainder of the trip. Two young women who were trying to find something on a time table in a car Sunday night amused the observers as much as anything could amuse those weary ones. One ran her finger down the column of the train she was looking up, while the other ran hers across to meet it in the col umn of the station from which they were to start. Both ran off the track, however, or missed connections in some other way so frequently that the young women finally decided a more careful method of discovery would be necessary. They, therefore, produced any number of pins from various mys terious portions of their dress and marked their progress with these. This time they succeeded in meeting, but to their disgust the train thus discov ered with so much labor was a morn ing one, when they were looking for an evening one; and so it had to be gone all over again, and the flushed faces of the seekers bore witness to the annoyance they felt. The travel inz public when it reads at all reads fitfully, and the lightest sort of litera ture, it runs to neckerchiefs rather than collars; it is hatless and dusty and cindery, and bad tempered and un attractive generaliy,and no one blames it at all, for everyone else is in ex actly the same condition. Two months from now the woman who travels will he a picture in her short skirt and neat little jacket and hat. Just now she's anything but pretty, for she knows it and doesn't care at all.-Baltimore News. St. Francis and the Wolf. How St. Francis tamed the wolf of Gubbio is the most famous, if not alto gether the most credible of the animal stories related of him. That wolf was a quadruped without morals. Not only had he eaten kids, but also men. All attempts to kill him had failed, and the townfolk were afraid of venturing outside the walls even in broad day light. One day St. Francis, against the advice of all, went out to have a serious talk with the wolf. He soon found him, and "Brother Wolf," he said, "you have eaten not only ani mals, but men made in the image of God, and certainly you deserve the gallows. Nevertheless, I wish to make peace between you and these people, Wolf, so that you may offend them no more, and neither they nor their dogs shall attack you." The wolf seemed to agree, but the saint wished :o have a distinct proof of his solemn engagement to fill his part in the peace, whereupon the wolf stood up on his hind legs and laid his paw on the saint's hand. Francis then promised that the wolf should be properly fed for the rest of his days, "for well I know." he said, kindly, "that all your evil deeds were caused by hunger," upon which text several sermons might be preached, for truly a sinner might be reformed by a good dinner and by nothing else. The contract was kept on both sides, and the wolf lived happily for two years, "nutrica to cortesemente dalla gente," at the end of which he died of old age, sin cerely mourned by all the inhabitants. -Contemporary Review. Choir Member I)rank Berr. There is tremendous upheaval among members of the Epworth Memorial M. Ei. church in Cleveland because the choir members drank beer at a recent rehearsal. J. Mi. Hayes, tenor and c(ho~:rmaster, called a rehearsal at his home and after the singing was over, the evening being oppressively warm, Mr. Hayes offered his guests a glass of beer. Several of them accepted grate fully and were much refreshed, but the music committee heard of the "scanda lous affair" and now Rev. Ward Beech er Packard and his congregation are in the throes of excitement thereanent. Preacher Under Ductor's Care. An overzealous preacher ran foul of Oklahoma methods recently and is now under the doctor's care. The, farmers of his neighborhood deemed it neces sary to work on Sunday in order to save their wheat. The preacher orga nized a posse of tenderfeet like himself and endeavored to stop the work. As soon as the farmers realized what it was all about they stopped their work for a few minutes and then the preach er was dumped into a wagon and car ried to a doctor's office for repairs. AN IRISH BEAUTY WHO REIGNS SUPREME aIs BRITISH SOCI-TY. It Is Said Than the Lovely Marchinoese of Downshlres and the EquaXlly Hafhd some Julia Marlowe Ara Exact Counter parts. When Julia Marlowe was in London a few seasons ago and attending a gar den party she had the unique experi ence of meeting a woman who, feature for feature, was so exact:y the coun terpart of her own fair self that she confessed that she might have greeted the lovely marchioness of Downshires as her own twin Witer. It 13i true that both the charming actress and the equally love:y marchioness are Irish women, but there the relationship ends, while the resemblance can read ily be traced in their photographs a resemblance made all the stronger by the fact that in height, weight and coloring there is scarcely any differ ence between them. Just as Miss Mlarlowe is considered one of the most delightful women on the stage today, her double, the mar chioness, is regardc*d as a leading belle and beauty in smart British society, And what is even more to her credit, MARCHIONESS OF DOWNSHIRES. she is a peculiarly sweet and accom plished woman. Before her marriage she was Miss Hare, granddaughter of the earl of Listowel, and by her mar riage to the eighth earl of Downshires the Irish beauty, whose pulchritude in a single season had won her wide spread fame, because of the richest of Irish peeresses, second only to her sis ter, marchioness of Londonderry. Like a genuine daughter of Erin, this wealthy and titled woman prefers her Irish homes to those her husband owns in England, and, true to the traditions of her family, she is a won derful horsewoman. Her little 5-year old-son, the little Viscount Hillsbor ough, has been taught to master his pony under her own eye, hand and direction. Coming herself of Irish people, one of the marchioness' proudest boasts is that her husband's family settled in Ireland as long ago as 1573 and that her boys will grow up to be genuine Irishmen. Now aand then she leaves her favorite home in County Down for a glimpse of the London season, and she is not alone conspicuous in the Mayfair drawing rooms for her beauty, but also for the fact that she rarely or never wears any jewels. With a wealth of rich hair and faultless throat and arms, this beautiful woman cre ates a more flattering impression with out the commonplace pearls, diamonds, etc., that her sister peeresses find ab solutely necessary to their pride and good looks. WVoman In the Pulpit. One of the most successful women preachers in this country is Mary Gammill Rheubottom of Indiana. She is a member of the denomination call ed Christians. She has charge of sev eral congregations, including those at Millersburg, Wakarusa, Pleasant Hill and Belleville. She has been the regu lar preacher for Millersburg for five years and a circuit preacher for the other places. She recently completed a series of revival meetings at Pleas ant Hill, when there were 103 conver sions, and at Millersburg, where there were ninety-two accessions to the church. At one time 106 of her con verts were baptized. As a result of her work the old Pleasant Hill church has been razed and a handsome brick church has taken its place and is ready for dedication. Mary Gammill Rheu bottom was born in Ohio. She i, an accomplished, sympathetic and force ful pulpit speaker and fearlessly at tacks vice and immorality. She offici ates at weddings, burials and other re ligious affairs, and people go for ml'es to hear her preach. Width of a Lightnlnz Flash. The width of a fish of lightning has been measured by George Rumker of the Hamburg observatory. A photo graph was secured last August as lightning struck a tower a third of a mile away, and from the distance of the tower, and the focal distance of the camera objective it was possib!e to calculate the breadth of the discharge shown in the picture. It has been de termined that the flash was one-fifth of an inch wide. Ramifications shown in the photograph on each side of the main discharge are attributed to the strong gale that was blowing, the phe nomenon appearing like a silk ribbon with shreds floating in the wind. Brain Food. Apples are now recommended by many physicians as brain food, because they contain a quantity of phosphoric acid and are easily digested. When eaten at night, some little time pre vious to retiring, they are said to ex cite the action of the liver and pro duce sleep. WOMEN CATCH SHARKS. Blue-Nosed Man-E .ter Landed by PlUeky Long Island Women. Four man-eating sharks were .lanu, ed at Bay Shore, L. I., last week by flrhirg party ,and the fedit: f* the ,:chievemtnt id gi$ n to a ohumger. o women, Mrs. E. F. ~fraper, Mi s. Frazic De Rossers and Mrs. JoseDh B. Gris wold. There were, of course, a few men in the party that left the pier. They were rounding Fire Island when a tre mendous shark was seen to jump out of the water near the stern of the boat. Captain Ketchum rigged three lines each as thick as an ordinary clothesline, and baited the big hooks w:th good-sized chunks of pork, using pieces of wood about the size of a brick for floats. The women of the party did the fishing. Soon Mrs. Gris wold got a bit so fierce that it almost jerked her out of the boat. But she he:d on, and with Captain Ketchum's assistance commenced to haul in. She had hooked a blue-nosed shark of tre mendous size, which struggled in vain to free iteelf. Mate Howell grabbed he handle of a sweeping brush, to which was attached a large-sized knife, and when the shark had been pulle( to the side of the boat he plunged it in as far as it would go. Th!s he did four or five times. After a struggle of ncarly fifteen minutes the shark was killed and lifted into the boat. It weighed 270 pounds. Mrs. Rogers and Mrs. Draper each succeeded .in land ing a shark, though the prize catch was Mrs. Griswold's. The fourth and smallest of the catch also fell to Mrs Griswold. DUTY IN KIND. One Case Where a ThIeving Turk Wat BIltten. The rapacity of Turkish officials ol all sorts is notorious, but that of the customs officers exceeds all other kinds. An interesting instance of pay ing duty in kind is to be recorded. An oflicial of the British embasmsy bought in Paris a dress for his wife, for which he paid £10. The customs officials valued it at £60 and demanded duty on that amount. The Englishman re fused, and, knowing the law, said they might keep the dress, paying him the value they had fixed upon it, less the S per cent. This was done, and a month later at the public auction of confiscated goods he bought back the dress for £6, thus getting the dress for nothing and making a profit of £19 4s on the bargain. Justice is meted out rapidly in Turkey. On one occasion a Kurd picked up a tobacco box in the street. which was promptly claimed by an Armenian. Just as they were coming to blows a policeman in terfered. Both Armenian and Kurd claimed the box, when the former sug gested that the Kurd should say what was in it. "Tobacco and cigarette pa per," promptly answered the Kurd. "Nothing of the sort," cried the Ar. menian. "It contains only a five pias tre piece." The box was gravely open. ed by the policeman, who then said: "The Armenian is right and the Kurd is a liar." Here lie smote the Kurd's head. "Furthermore, Allah be prais ed!-for my trouble in deciding this complicated case I keep the five pias. tres." PREACHED 68 YEARS. Rev. Lorenzo Waugh, the oldest Methodist minister in the world, died Saturday at Williams, Cal. He was 92 years old in August. He was born in West Virginia and spent his early life in the region of the Blue Ridge Mountains. In 1852 he crossed the plains with an ox team and took up a grant of land in Sonoma county, Cal. He had been a minister in the Method ( REV. LORENZO WAUGH. ist Church for upwards of sixty-eight years and was known far and wide as "Father" Waugh. This Lamp* Ias Time Limit. A time-limit incandescent lamp, which will burn for a predeterm d number of hours and then go out, uas been invented in Germany. It is ex ceedingly simple in construction and entirely self-contained. In the base of the lamp is mounted a copper tube in which is contained a solution of sul phate of copper. Into this dips a cop per wire which is so connected that the current feeding the lamp flows through it and the solution to the tube and thence to the lamp filament. An elec trolytic action is set up by this ar rangement, the wire dissolving in the fluid and copper being deposited on the walls of the tube. After a certain length of time, depending upon the size of the wire, the wire is complete ly dissolved and the circuit broken. By selecting the size and length of the wire the lamp may be made to extin guish itself after any fixed number of hours. Just what use will be made of this ingenious device is not stated, but it is possible that families afflicted with callers who stay late might dnd use for a time-limit lamp. DAIRY AND POULTR Y. iANTERESTING CHAPT R$ ,F DR OUR RURAL REA d.'HS flow Successful Tarmer* Operate Trhis Department of th6 Farm - A .oew Hints as to the Care of 'Live Stock and Poultry. Ponltry lirlers. We note that a contemporary says that eggs from Iowa and Illinois are better-flavored and larger than from the other states. He also asserts that eggs that have been produced on corn bring better prices than eggs from hens that have to rustle for a living. We are afraid the man that so reports is permitting his fancy to create facts for him. The farmer has not yet found out that the public appreciates an egg produced from good food more than an egg produced from any other kind of food. Indeed we hope to see the time come when the distinction will be made, but it is not yet. Because the fall months are at hand, do not conclude that lice will not multiply on the hens. Remember that they have the atmosphere of the warm bodies of the fowls and that at mosphere is always one of summer. The lice and mites will not Indeed multiply as fast as they will in very hot weather, but they will increase sufficiently to do a good deal of dam age, and will establish a base for the millions of their kind that will ap pear next season. Now is the time to wage a war of extermination and it is possible to so thoroughly destroy them that another year will not bring a reappearance. There Is no doubt that farmers lose large sums of money annually through the unscientific handling of their egg product. One Chicago egg buyer says that farmers and country store keep ers are largely responsible for the poor eggs on the market and that two thirds of the eggs sent to the Chicago market do not come in in a cnndition that makes it possible for them to get the best price. He says: "After the egg is laid it is permitted to re main in the nest from twenty-four to forty-eight hours. Then two or three days elapse before it is taken to town and placed in the hands of the store keeper. He throws it into a basket and a week later it reaches the chill room. Meanwhile the temperature has ranged from 50 to 100 and many spoiled eggs are the result. Eggs promptly gathered and 'kept in the proper temperature are worth three cents a dozen more than ordinaries. This is ninety cents the farmer loses on each case, or over two million dol lars a year on the Chicago receipts alone; money absolutely wasted by carelessness." It is said that the number of eggs going into cold storage is only enough to supply the natural demand. Accord ing to reports, the Chicago men that two years ago put large quantities of eggs in cold storage made a big sum' of money out of the transaction. Last year a great many more men, spurred by the success of the packers the previous year, went in to set rich nn y'" vuJyuca4, went in to get ricn on stored eggs. The buying in the sum mer time was so brisk that the price of eggs very naturally went up. When these same eggs came to be sold in the winter, the large quantities thrown on the market caused a sharp decline in price. So the cold-storage men had a hard bargain at both ends of the season. It is said that the Chicago men alone lost m6re than half a mil lion dollars that year on eggs alone. This may, however, fairly be doubted, but it seems certain that their profits if any were small. As a consequence the egg speculators are this year go ing In very carefully and the number that has been put in to cold storage is only what the trade will be likely to take without the price becoming demoralized. Most of our breeds of poultry are un dergoing change. It is said that the Light Brahmas were produced from the Shanghai, and both breeds have been modified in recent years. Breeds evidently change more in this country than in Europe, and nearly all the breeds now in this country have been changed greatly since they were im ported. Perhaps the breed that has changed less is the Old Dorking, whose type has been pretty well fixed by thousands of years of breeding, till it resists change. But the Dorking is popular principally in England. It is said that of breeds now popular in this country the Langshans have been mod ifed least since introduction. The Leghorns, as introduced, were rather uneven and unfixed in form, but have been greatly improved in this coun try, and their types have become more fixed. The great trouble with new breeds is that they will not breed true, and this exists to some extent with the old and most prepotent ones, yet the tendency is to breed true as the age of the breed increases, especially in strains that have been long bred to a certain type. As there is more breed ing to type today than at any previous time, it is altogether probable that in the future our breeds will be found to breed very true to type. For this reason cross-breeding is seldom advis able as it disturbs the type and makes it more difficult to raise young fowls adhering to the types of their parents. Michlelan Oleomargarine Law. The following Is the substance of the Michigan law relating to the sale of oleomargarine: All compounds of animal or vege table fats made in imitation or sem blance of butter, or calculated to be used as or for butter, must be known and designed as "Oleomargarine." The use of the name of any breed of dairy cattle, or the use or any wors or sym bols commonly used in the sale of butter, is forbidden in the sale, ex posure for sale or advertisement of any oleomargarine. The proprietors of any place where oleomargarine is sold or furnished must have conspicuously placed on the walls of the room where the same is sold or furnished, a white placard containing the words, "Oleo margarine Sold or Used HIere," printed in black ink in plain Roman letters not less than three inches in length or less than two inches in width. This applies to hotel, restaurant and board ing house keepers where oleomar garine is served. All packages containing oleomar garine must be branded as such in or dinary boldfaced capital letters not less than five line pica in size, to gether with the name and address of the manufacturer and the name of each and every article or ingredient used or entering into its composition in ordinary bold-faced letters not less than pica in size. Dealers must notify purchasers at the time of selling oleo margarine by verbal notice that the same is a substitute for butter, and must also deliver to the purchaser a separate and distinct label on which shall be printed in black ink in ordi nary boldfaced capital letters, not less than five line pica in size the word "Oeonmargarine," together with the name and address of the manufacturer and the name of each article used and entering into its composition in ordinary bold-faced letters not less than pica in size. This label must be delivered in addition to the label con tained on the package in which saia oleomargarine is wrapped for sale. What Ailed the Separator. An expert connected wit a one of the big separator companies says: A but termaker, a prize winner for the past three or four years, about nine years ago was running a co-operative cream ery, and they bought a separator which was guaranteed to skim 1,000 pounds of milk per hour, but they couldn't get it to skim more than 750 pounds and do the work decently. It was just previous to the use of the Babcock test out here in this western country. Of course he found a very poor yield, and it ran that way for nearly six months. I was sent by the company to go and find out what was the matter with that machine. I went into the creamery and looked around and looked at the separator and thought, "This must be a left-handed separator; it doesn't look right," and studying over it I found that he was running it backwards. He was running it back wards and didn't realize it, and the milk had to go round and go back in to get out. I got a lantern from the hotel and went over and changed the ma chine that night and he didn't know it. The next morning I came down about 8 o'clock and that fellow was excited. He didn't know what was the matter; with the machine. Finally I told him. all about it. It was the best thing that ever happened to him as it made him one of the best buttermakers in Iowa. n Indivfduallty of the Cow. t The ability to utilize food and con d vert it profitably into milk and butter e is a quality of cows that varies with n individuals. The variation is in the - amounts of milk and butter which e different cows make from a given n amount of food, and is spoken of as n the individuality of the cow. Among n both ordinary cows and cows of pure e breeds the variation in this respect is d quite remarkable, as illustrated to a e marked degree in the study of the 0 herd owned by, the Connecticut Agri I- cultural College that was made during the year 1898. According to this study I, the cow with the best record produced s during the year 509 pounds of butter, e at a profit of $42.82, while during the same time the cow with the poorest r record produced 172 pounds of butter, e at a loss of $4.09. Even in a compari Y son of the five most profitable cows g with the five least profitable, the dif-. ferences are still remarkable. The former five cows produced butter at an average of 409 pounds per cow for *e the year, at an average profit of $31.29; 1 while the latter five cows averaged e 218 pounds of butter each, at an av s erage profit of 87 cents. Similar dif. y ferences in the individual qualities of .e different cows are observed in the n comparison of the production of milk. i- These variations in the amount of but s ter and milk produced by individual e cows in this herd are not exceptional. y The records of station herds where in It dividual records have been kept show Is variations fully as great as these. .S We frequently hear wonder ex pressed that Denmark exports butter e and imports oleomargarine. The truth r is that in Denmark oleomargarine is e sold for what it is. and the farmers there eat oleomargarine and sell their butter, making, as they figure it, a profit in the transaction. Notice this, that they buy their oleo at about 15 cents a pound retail after it has paid all the expenses of its ocean voyage.. y That is a lower price than the aver o age American pays for it, for he fre quently pays 20 or 25 cents a pound · for it, as he buys it as butter. To com n pel it to be sold only under its own d name is the great fight of the Ameri s can dairyman. It is probably true that Denmark last year imported from s the United States 35,000,000 pounds of s oleo oil, but that importation did not . injure the Danish dairyman for the reason that it was not sold for what it was not. Had it been sold as but f ter to the customers of the Danish e butter makers it would have done im mense injury to the butter trade of Denmark. e "Saddle" is the term applied to the a posterior part of the back, reaching to a the tail in a cock and answering to v the cushion in a hen.