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The Philipsburg mail. [volume] (Philipsburg, Mont.) 1887-current, December 21, 1900, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025320/1900-12-21/ed-1/seq-2/

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The Russian government Is planning
shipyards for warships and merchant
sen at Vladivostock.
Approximate figures of the cost of
the Nicaraguan canal are believed to
be about $150,000,000.
The receipts for the war revenue act
for the first four months of the present
£scal year was $38,398,956.
The population of West Virginia is
958,800, as against 762,794 in 1890, an
increase of 197,000, or 25.6 per cent.
Substantial help will be given to the
public schools at Galveston, Texas, by
the teachers and pupils of New York
A. C. Seifert & Co., wholesale tobacco
saerchants of Detroit, Mich., have
I.ade an assignment. Liabilities, 8104,
:000; assets, $35,000.
Catholics in Germany have raised
150,000 marks for the church to be
erected in the IIolyland on the site
,presented to Emperor William.
News has been received in Honolulu
that about 200 white laborers have
been engaged in Massachusetts for
'sugar plantation work in the islands.
No treaties will be negotiated with
'any of the Central American govern
mnents for any right of way until the
senate disposes of the Ilay-Pauncefote
John L. Fegan, secretary of mines
,and agriculture of New South Wales,
asserts that the recent downpour of
rain has largely improved the pros
Ipects of the wheat crop.
The burning of the negro Porter at
the stake by the citizens of Limon,
Colo., will be brought to the attention
.of President McKinley by the Metho
dist ministers of Chicago.
The town of Wren, 0., was almost
wiped out of existence by fire last
w.eek. The entire business district
and half the residenee portion of the
town was burned. Loss 8100,000.
, Labor troubles that have been
smoldering for some time at the Plano
Harvester Manufacturing company's
plant at West Pullman, Ill., culminated
iWednesday in a lockout of 900 work
The best information obtainable at
Washington is that the Nicaraguan
canal oommission-certainly by a vote
of five to four, and possibly by six to
three-will recommend the Nicaraguan
Chicago to Dawson City in eight and
a half days is what a combination of
transportation companies promises the
public by the middle of next summer.
The distance by the shortest route is
3704 miles.
The salmon combine, which last sea
son controlled the outputof forty-eight
canneries on the Fraser river, has col
lapsed through the expiration of its
time limit and the refusal of canners
to renew the agreement.
Maurice Brenmman, arrested for dyn
amiting property of the St. Louis
Transit company during the recent
street railway strike, was found guilty
by the jury and sentenced to serve ten
years in the penitentiary.
A. Il. McGregor, a humble farmer
near Geneva, 0., has been informed
that he has been made a millionaire
by the will of his brother, A. R. Mc
Gregor of Cleveland. The news came
to him as a complete surprise.
The total amount of dutiesliquidated
at the port of Havana during the
month of October was $1.061,045. A
total of 5,272 passengers landed at Ha
vana from points outside of the island,
4,077 of whom were from Spain.
The countries that have ratified the
second international treaty for the pro
tection of the natives of Central Africa
against intoxicants, are Germany, Bel
gium, Spain, Congo Free State, French
republic, (;reat Britain, Italy. Holland,
Portugal, Russia, Sweden, Norway and
The Grain Dealers' National associa.
tion held its second session in Indian.
apolis Wednesday. li. S. Grimes of
Portsmouth, O., spoke on the subject:
"Reliable Government Crop Reports."
He said the present system of igovern
ment reports is inadequate and un
satisfactory, and outlined a plan of
collecting statistics.
Bagiardi, an Italian anarchist re
cently arrested in Sweden and trans
ported to the Italian frontier, where
he was delivered to the Italian police,
turns out to have been at one time in
timate with Bresci, the assassin of
King Humbert.
The reported death of General
Schalkburger, acting president of the
Transvaal since Mr. Kruger's depar
ture, is discredited in London. There
is a mere rumor that he died at Johan
nesburg, November 9, but the report
lacks confirmation.
A string of empty cars broke loose
and ran away in the Sloss ore mines,
near Bessemer, Ala., Wednesday. Nape
Thompson, the superintendent, Charles
Kelley and Andrew Hart were struck
by the cars which jumped the track
and crushed to death.
A check for 850,000 was mailed Tues
day night to Governor Joseph D.
Sayers of Texas, to be applied to the
aid of the children who lost their par
ents in the September storm which de
vastated Galveston. It was sent
through Bearst's newspapers.
Illlnois Leads With Greatest Number of
Cases, Nevada the Smallest Number.
E. C. Brandenburg, in charge of
bankruptcy matters, has made a report
to the attorney-general on the opera
tion of the bankruptcy act of July 1,
1898. The report says, with reference
to voluntary cases, that advantage is
being taken of the law by men of all
classes and in all walks of life and in
every section of the country. The
states showing the greatest number of
petitions filed during the year are
Illinois, with 3008; New York, 3007,
Iowa, 992; Ohio, 857, Minnesota, 845;
I'ennylvania, 809.
The smallest number of voluntary
petitions were filed in the following
states: Nevada, 9; Delaware and Wyo
Ining, 12 each; hlaho. 30; South Caro
lina, 37; Oklahoma, 39; Florida, 07;
Rhode Island, 69.
Bryan, Towne and Du)bos Confer.
William J. Bryan arrived in Chicago
Saturday morning from Lincoln. He
drove to the Auditorium annex, where
he did not register, but was at once
shown to the room occupied by Chair
man Towne of Minnesota. le re
mained in consultation with Mr.
Towne and former Senator Dubois of
Idaho all day, when he returned to
Mr. Bryan refused to say what was
discussed during the meeting, but did
not deny that the future policy of the
Democratic party was one of the top
ics discussed.
"I expect to remain in politics as
long as I live," said Mr. Bryan. "I
shall continue to advocate and work
with both tongue and pen for principles
for which I have fought so long. I
shall continue to reside in Lincoln,
Colorado Springs Suffers From a Severe
A severe windstorm visited Colorado
Springs last 'T'hursday. The damage
to property will approximate 8200,000.
Electric light and telephone wires
were strewn everywhere, and the city
has the appearance of having been vis
tced by a cyclone. About 500 houses
and business blocks are damaged and
150 trees are uprooted.
No lives were lost, but there were
many narrow escapes and several
people were injured.
The gale came direct from Pike's
Peak, which is west of the city, and it
blew from 1 p. m. to 2 a. m.. At 2:30
p. m., when the wind gauge at the
Colorado college was destroyed, it had
registered a velocity of eighty-two
miles per hour.
The storm was occasioned by an ex
cessive drop in temperature and con
densation of atmosphere.
Roosevelt Favors National Aid for
Vice-President elect Roosevelt, in a
letter read before the National Irriga
tion congress, placed himself on record
as heartily in sympathy with the aims
of the organization. His letter con
tained the practical promise of assist
ance in the effort which will be made
from now on for government and for
irrigation, and his appeal to "all far
sighted citizens' to interest themselves
in a movement which will benefit the
entire nation.
A letter from Lieutenant General
Miles was enthusiastic toward thi
same end.
Said to lie Not in larmony with the Ad
ministration's Chinese Policy.
Minister Conger probably will re
turn to the United States. Ilia rela
tions with the administration have not
been harmonious since the relief of
Mr. Conger advocates measures
which the president regards as too
radical, and has not taken kindly to
the fact that his views have not been
indorsed at Washington.
Great Blrituln Faces a New Outbreak .i
East African Provinces.
The Somalis have risen in Jubaland,
a province of British East Africa.
About 4,000 well armed men are on the
warpath. Sub-Commissioner Janner
who his been on a tour inland, with a
small force, was killed during a night
attack made on his camp by profess
edly friendly natives.
Reinforcements from Mombasa have
been sent to Kismayn.
Kruger Threatens to Make Public State
It is said Mr. Kruger, on his arrival
at The Hague, will ask for mediation,
and, if unsuccessful, will make public
all documents of state in his possession
showing the secrets of the war. Mr.
Kruger believes that when Europe
knows the truth it will produce such
an outburst of public opinion that
Great Britain will be compelled to be
less harsh. Failing this, it is said, Mr.
Kruger will return to the Transvaal.
William Nelson Run Down by the Over.
land Flyer.
The Overland Flyer ran down and
killed William Nelson, a wealthy
ranchman of Pine Bluffs, thirty miles
east of Cheyenne, Saturday.
Nelson was returning to his ranch
from a visit to Cheyenne and for some
unknown reason was driving on the
track. Both horses were killed out
right and the buggy demolished. Nel
son was brought to Cheyenune at mid
night. but died soon after..
Cllp Shows an Increase of 16,448,29,
Pounds Over 1899.
The total estimated clip for 1.i0o i
put at 288.633,621 pounds washed and
unwashed, or 118,223,120 pounds
scoured. The larger total shows an
increase of 16,445,49t pounds over the
1890 clip. The number of sheep in the
country is put at 40,267,818, against
26,464,405 in 1896, an increase of
13,803,413, all but 500,000 of which, ac
cording to Mr. North's tables, are to be
credited to the present year.
This increase of 10 per cent in the
number of sheep since the restoration
of the wool duty has taken place in
the so-called thirteen territorial states'
which include Utah, Montana and oth
era along the Rockies, the net increase
being 23 per cent. The available sup.
plies of wool of all grades for 1900 are
are as follows: Wool clip, 288,633,621
pounds; domestic wool on hand Janu
ary 1st, 123,348,500; foreign wool on
hand January 1st, 25,265,000; in bond
January 1st, 44,958,0(0; foreign wool
imported January 1st to July 1st,
95,875,523; grand total, 578,084,304
pounds. Available supplies of manu
facturers on hand, outside of .the
above, are ample for requirements of
mills prior to moving the clip of 19U,1.
frospect or Entanglements Indnees the
United States to Make New Suggestins.
The secretary of state has addressed
an identical note to the powers inter
ested in the Chinese situation, setting
out tersely and afresh the object of the
United States government as to China
and pointing out how such objects as
are common to the powers can best be
The note marks the initiation of
fresh negotiations on our part of a new
basis to tide over the impossible situa
tion created at the last meeting of the
ministers in Peking.
Some responses already are at hand,
and it is stated that generally our ad
vances have been well received, and
the State department expresses satis
faction with the progress so far
It is believed that the note is an ap
peal from the extreme course suggested
by some of the powers as to the treat
ment of China, especially in the matter
of punishments and indemnities to
which the ministers at Peking seem
inclined. The intent is to push the
negotiations on a more rational and
business-like basis.
Referred to by English War Critics as a
Second Weyler.
The forthcoming promotion of Major
General Lord Kitchener to a lieutenant
genership elicits from Charles Wil
liams, one of the leaders of the war
critics, the bitterest indictment of that
general ever published in England.
lie declares General Kitchener medi
tates a restless and ruthless extermi
nation of the Boers, hoping to execute
his atrocities amid silence like that of
the tomb of the Mahdi. He believer
the British officers and men will not
endure this, and that Kitchener will
stand revealed to the country as a
scourge inexorable.
Mr. Williams apologizes to satan for
mentioning him in the same breath
with Kitchener, and maintains that
the resignations of several general
officers and the removal of General
Kelly-Kenney from Illomfontein con
firms the suspicion that they "would
have nothing to do with Kitchener's
dirty work."
Decision Against Irrigation.
The Nebraska Supreme court, in an
opinion by Chief Justice Norwal, has
rendered a decision which may stop all
irrigation projects in western Nebras
ha. The opinion holds in effect that
the owner of property adjacent to a
stream has the right to its water un
diminished. This is the old English
common law, and it was against such
ruling that the irrigation companies of
the west were fighting. The suit in
question was one brought by the Craw
ford Irrigation company to establish
its right to divert water from White
river. The right was opposed by the
owners of the mills on the stream, and
the contention of the mill-owners is
Germany Wants Island of Curacao.
Officials familiar with South Ameri
can affairs, state that attention is
again being given in Venezuela to the
project of the transfer of the Island of
Curacao, belonging to Dutch Guiana,
and lying off the coast of Venezuela,
to Germany. The island came to
notice during the Spanish-American
war, as it was the point chosen by
Admiral Cervera for malting a stop
when his squadron was en route to
An Expedition to Explore the Iceland
Professor Nathorst has offered a re
ward of 800 crowns for each of the ten
remaining buoys taken by the Andree
Arctic expedition. Ile is also taking
steps to fit out an expedition to search
the Iceland coast for wreckage of the
balloon and also to search the south
west coast of Greenland for the same
purpose, as he considers it the only
manner in which the fate of Andrce
can be learned.
Company Formed and Articles of Incorp
oration Signed.
Construction and Development Companies
Organized to Aid In Building Road and
Developing Territory-Itranches to
Deep Creek and Cedar City.
Articles of incorporation of the Salt
Lake and Los Angeles railroad were
signed in Salt Lake Thursday. In ad.
dition to the railroad company, two
auxiliary companies looking to the
construction of the road and develop
ment of territory contiguous to it,
were formed.
The officers of the railroad are W.
A. Clark, president. R. C. Kerens, first
vice president; J. Ross Clark, second
vice president; T. E. Gibbon, third vice
president and general counsel; T. F.
Miller, secretary and F. K. Rule, treas
The names of the incorporators and
their several places of residence are as
William A. Clark, Butte.
R. C. Kerens, St. Louis.
J. Ross Clarke, Los Angeles.
W. S. McCornick, Salt Lake.
David Keith, Salt Lake.
Thomas Kearns, Salt Lake.
Charles O. W'iittemore, Salt Lake.
Reed Smoot, Provo.
E. W. Clark, Ophir.
Charles Clark, Central Township, Mo.
S. A. Bemis, St. Louis.
Perry S. Heath, Muncie, Ind.
Richard Kerens, Jr., St. Louis.
Charles W. Clark, B]ltte.
George B. Leighton, St. Louis.
T. E. Gibbon, Los Angeles.
William B. Clark, Kansas City.
A. H. Hanlin, St. Louis.
The articles of incorporation include
a branch to the Deep Creek country
and one to Cedar City. Several
branches are also provided for in and
around Los Angeles and San Pedro,
the object being to build a network of
rails as feeders to the western termi
nal. As to the general route of the
main line, that is still a matter of
doubt, but the articles call for the most
direct and practicable line. The actual
route will not be selected probably for
two months, as many surveys have to
be made at this end. There is one line
running via Ophir which has been
strongly urged, another via Fremont
Pass, one via the valleys and another
to go via Lehi Junction and Tintic, all
of which come together in Lincoln
county, Nevada. It will be seen that
the articles do not state the route, ex
cept by naming counties so arranged
that either of the routes named could
be selected. This, however, will be a
matter of doubt for some time to
The Los Angeles Terminal, having
already fifty-five miles in operation,
will be immediately extended in va
rious directions. This road becomes
the property of the Los Angeles & Salt
Lake, and will be the basis of opera
The Empire Construction company
is to be incorporated fur $1,000,000,
S100,000 of which has already been sub
scribed. J. Ross Clark is president,
George B. Leighton vice-president and
H. E. McKee secretary, who, with
David Keith, C. K. McC nick, Reed
Smoot, R. C. Kerens, W. A. Clark, T.
E. Gibbon and T. F. Miller form the
board of directors. This company is
formed to construct and equip the
The third corporation is a develop
ment company. The organization has
been left to a ccmmittee consisting of
David Keith, W. S. McCornick, R. C.
Kerens, Thomas Kearns and T. E.
Gibbon. This incorporation will be
for $6,000,000, $1,000,000 of which is
for immediate use.
This company will be given the duty
of developing the great mining region,
coal and iron lands and other resources
along the route. The horticultural,
agricultural and stock-raising sections
will be investigated and conditions im
proved. The company will own and
control all townsites and work for the
development of all industries and re
sources along the line and at the ter
Monitor Nevada.
Monitor No. 8, formerly known as
the Connecticut, building at Bath,
Me., has been renamed the Nevada by
Secretary Long.
The state authorities of Connecticut
decided that their commonwealth was
entitled to the dignity of a battleship
in naval nomenclature, and conse
quently declined the compliment be
stowed by the secretary of the navy in
naming one of the four large monitors
now under construction in honor of
the state.
Colorado Lynchers to Be Prosecuted.
District Attorney McAllister of Colo
rado Springs has ordered Sheriff Free
man of Lincoln county to proceed
against the members of the mob which
burned Preston Porter, Jr., at the
stake last week. The order was issued
after correspondence between Gover
nor Thomas and Mr. McAllister.
Just how the grand jury will be
chosen has not yet been decided. Mr.
McAllister says it will be composed of
men who will do their duty at all
hazards. The governor insists on a
Testh Annual Session Convened 'Wednes
day at Chicago.
The tenth annual session of the Na
tional Irrigation Congress convened in
Chicago Wednesday.
President Mead in his address re
viewed the work of the several irriga
tion congresses, beginning with the
first, held in Salt Lake City ten years
ago. He said tnat heretofore the re
clamation of arid lands had received
scant attention outside of the territory
where it is going on. The east is only
beginning to realize that the irrigahle
valleys of the west are a national her
itage; that the children of Massachu
setts have as much need of homes as
the children of Colorado, and their cre
ation is not a local problem, but one in
which the whole country has an in
terest. and about which it needs to be
A IReduction of 830,000,000 Has Deen De
cided Upon.
The Republican members of the ways
and means committee at Washington
have made good progress with the bill
to amend the war revenue law. The
committee decided to make a reduction
of $30,000,000 a year. This is the
amount suggested by Secretary Gage
and, it is understood, meets the views
of the president. In fact, the mem
bers of the ways and means committee
who saw the president say that before
Secretary. Gage appeared before the
committee the whole matter had been
carefully considered by the president
and secretary.
Briefs of interested parties are being
received and cousidered, but the com
inittee has given no bearings and will
not do so.
Nebraska State Board of Transportation
Knocked Out.
The supreme court of Nebraska, in
an opinion, declared the act establish
ing the State Board of Transportation
unconstitutional and the board inop
erative. The case in point was that
whereon Attorney-General Smithse, on
behalf of the State Board of Transpor
tation, brought suit against the Bur
lington and Northwestern Railroad
companies to enforce a reduction in
live-stock rates. The defendant roads,
for the first time in the thirteen years'
existence of the board, questioned
its authority on the ground that it
was illegally created, and the court
sustained the demurrer and dismissed
the case.
Good Roads Convention. o
Several important recommendations C
were made by the legislative commit- t
tee at the session of the National Good
Roads convention at Chicago Wednes
day. Following are the recommenda
That a highway commissioner be ap- c
pointed by each state, to have general I
charge of all roads.
That the poll tax be abolished and t
all taxes for road maintenance be paid c
in cash. This includes the repeal of
the statute labor laws.
That a state road plan be adopted in
all states, including the employment
of contract labor in preparation of ma
terial for roads.
Delagoa Bay Award Paid.
The Delagoa Bay railroad award was
paid Wednesday. The Americans re
ceived their share through the Selig
mans. The Delagoa railroad award of
63,062,800, with interest at 5 per cent
from June 25, 1889, is the result of the
seizure of the Delagoa Bay railroad by
Portugal. Besides the principalof the
award and the interest, totaling about
55,000,000, Portugal paid on account
$140,000 in 1890. The Americans inter
ested are the heirs of Colonel McMurdo,
who, with a number of English capi
talists, built the road and ran it until
seized by the Portuguese officials.
Woman Charged With Highway Robbery.
Mrs. Flora Betts of Denver has iden
tified Mrs. Bessie Hodges as one of the
holdups who assaulted and robbed her
of $7,000 wortli of diamonds on August
27 last. Mrs. Betts declared that Mrs.
Hodges was dressed in male attire and
helped to beat her. The diamonds
have not been found, although Dr.
Haennalt, one of the robbers, recently
confessed, implicating two other men.
Boers Alarm Germany.
The Vossische Zeitung, of Berlin,
points out "the dangers of permitting
Boers to trek into German Southwest
Africa, since they are unmanageable
and incapable of accepting orderly con
ditions." Giving a word of warning,
it says: "The Boers would seek to hold
together, thus forming a state within
a state. The German colonial authori
ties should remember that it would be
generations before the Boers forget
that they once possessed an independ
ent political existence."
Bensational Amdavit Making Charges
Against Counclilmen.
A sensational affidavit made by Chas.
W. Lapp, member of the city council
of Cleveland, 0., has been made pub
lic. Councilman Lapp swears that
Councilman White told him that "the
gang," meaning certain members of
the council, received $5,000 for their
votes on the police alarm contract, and
Intimated that $5,000 more was to be
f paid for their votes cn a contract for
I the new city fire-alarm system.
Albert Miller of Seattle was held up
and robbed by footpads within six feet.
of his own door one night last week.
The dead body of a man with a bul
let in his head found in Redding, Cal.,
is believed to be that of Frank Michael
of Portland. He is thought to have
Nineteen men from the Boer army
arrived in Butte on the 23rd and are in
charge of the local Boer society. They
say thousands of Boers are coming
west to locate.
F. H. Kinney, of Portland, Ore., fell.
dead in the jury box of the state cir
cuit court at that place. He had just
been sworn in as a juror, when he was
attacked by heart failure.
W. F. Mellick, formerly known as
the cattle king of the Snake river, is
now a raving lunatic, the result, it is
believed, of being sand-bagged by foot
pads in Chicago two weeks ago.
Ernest Scott, a negro youth charged
with attempting to assault two white
girls, created a dramatic scene in the
court room in Phoenix, Ariz., by swal
lowing a handful of broken glass. He
will probably die.
Amos Zanar, a watchman employed
in the car barns of the St. Johns motor
line in Portland, met a horrible death
on the night of the 22nd, his clothing
catching fire from a torch, he being
literally roasted to death.
Near Spokane the side stakes of a
fiat car loaded with telegraph poles
gave away, letting the poles to the
ground, killing two tramps who were
riding on the car, their bodies being
found underneath the poles.
Fearing an attempt may be made to
hold up the Overland flyer, the Union
Pacific has placed armed guards on the
trains between Cheyenne and Ogden.
Large sums of money are being trans
rerred to the Pacific coast, and a sue
eessful robbery would result in a heavy
loss to the express company.
At South Bend, Wash., the trial jury
brought in a verdict of guilty of mur
der in the second degree as to J. H.
Gates and acquittal in the cage of
Louritz Olsen. Gates and Olsen were
accused of murdering Captain William
Beeson of the schooner Lanere, on the
Willapa river, on August 20.
A counterfeiters' den was recently
discovered by detectives in an old
building in Spokane, Wash., and part
of the outfit captured. M. J. Williams
and Joe Harrison were arrested on the
charge of passing counterfeit silver
dollars. It is believed the leader of
the gang has escaped.
It is reported from Denver that State
Game Commissioner Johnson has gone
with a large posse of deputies to Rio
Blanco and Routt counties, the scenes
of the alleged slaughter of game by
Indians from the Utah reservation. It.
is said Johnson is determined to drive
the Indians out of the state at any
cost, and a clash is feared.
Governor Murphy of Arizona has com
muted to four years the sentence of
John C. Echols, who has served three
years of a ten years' sentence. His
imprisonment was the resulttof a con
viction for stage robbery, and the com
mutation is prompted by the confession
of King Ussery, who says he was the
guilty party and arranged his plans so
suspicion fell on Echols.
Joseph Lesher, of Victor, Colo., who
recently issued some silver souvenirs
which he called "referendum dollars,"
says he has assurances from the United
States district attorney that his coin
age scheme is not illegal, and be has
ordered a new die from which 10,000
souvenirs will be struck off soon., The
new coins will bear the name of a Vie
tor groceryman, who agrees to redeem
them in merchandise or money.
George Sanders and Patrick MeCne
were killed and a number of other men
seriously injured by an explosion of
dynamite at Elmore's grading camp on
the Sherman hill cut-off of the Union
Pacific on the 20th. Sanders and Mc
Cue were thawing sticks of dynamite
around a campfire when the stuff ex
ploded. Sanders was blown to pieces
and bits of his flesh was scattered in all
directions. McCue's face was torn away
and he received internal injuries. The
explosion tore a big hole in the ground
and flying rocks injured the other men.
By the upsetting of a coast line stage
in Los Pablos creek, between Santa
Barbara and Lompoc, Cal., S. W. Parker
of Ventura was drowned and four other
persons narrowly escaped a similar
fate. One of the horses lost its footing
and the stage was overturned and car
ried down the stream.o.The driver and
his five passengers were thrown' into
the creek, which was a raging torrent.
All succeeded in reaching the shore
with the exception.of Mr. Parker, who
was either struck by the struggling
horses or heavy drift wood.
Lost in the mountains, with a blind
ing snowstorm around him, George
Melvin dispaired of relief and shot
himself Thursday night, near Repub
lie, Wash. With J. G. Ransom he had
gone deer hunting. They lost their
bearings and Melvin became exhaust
ed. Ransom left him to bring aid and
brought news of his partner's danger
to Republic. A relief party went out
1 and found Melvin's dead body. He had
placed a revolver in his mouth and
pulled the trigger. The body was
warm when discovered. Melvin was a
pioneer of the reservatios

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