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The bubmarine Terror,
Within the past six month.e several additions which have bhen made to the fighting streng :i of Uncle Sam's sea forces have brought it up to a high place among thbe na:vies of the world. Among these are sonme of the largest and most powerful vessels in the world and the submnarine tor;';:do boat o101 land, which, according to the naval ex perts, is one of the most formidable weapons yet added to the naval list, and which is said eby them to he the beginning of the end of the construe tion of heavily armored vessels for coast and harbor defense and the means of revolutionizing tie methods now employed in blorkading harbors and other close to shore work. While the Holland is new so far as her number on the naval list is con cerned, she is old enough to have proved beyond any doubt her ability to keep out of the way of the rays of the searchlights and the heavy gun lire of the large ships, which in time of war have made a reputation for Uncle Sam's navy which will be remembered for years to come by the nations of the world. Besides being capable of e-eping away from these dangers the Holland has shown her ability to crawl up to th. larger ships, deliver her missile of destruction and then move away to a place of safety to watch the result of her work. During the maneuvers of the fleets off Newport recently many attacks of different sorts were tried for the purpose of developing the usefulness of the several classes of vessels employed. Night attacks on the forts and run ning the blockade were the favored maneuvers. Then came a night attack by the torpedo boat fleet upon the blockading squadron. Most of these little vessels were "picked up" by the powerful rays from the searchlights of the battleships and quickly put out of action. One after another these frail craft foell victis to the guns of the larger vessels. With the Holland it was a different story. With lees than half the speed and e.puipment of the surface torpedo boats, this submarine wonder moved from her position in the inner harbor and, while running on the surface, paseed near enough to three of the hostile fleet to have ended their careers, and returned to her sta tion without lhaving been seen. The methods employed in operating the Holland are entirely different from those used in any oiher fiichting vessel. She lies so low in the water while run ning on the surface that little is ex posed to the searchlights, and when the vessel is completely snmerged there is not even a ripple on the sur face to indicate her wherenhbouts. She is less than half the length and dis placement of the surface torpedo boats and, while her equipment is less, she Is better able to send her torpedoes to their destination without fear of be ing destroy41l, as there is no way for the attacked vessel to locate her. While on the surface the motive power used to operatce the Iolland is generated by a gas engine, and when -----------------------------l bo~it HUNTING DEVIL. Russlan Superstition Leads to an Act of Fiendish Atrocity. A crime which brings one back to the middle ages in its barbaric super stition has occurred at a village called Lepeshy, about two miles frm KIo brina. A few days ago a fire broke out In the village, which, rapidly spread ing along the thatchcd houses, con sumed eight or them i:nstantly and de stroyed many sheds and barns. A re port soon spread that it was the work of the devil and the villagers set to work to find his human representa tives. A man was soon spotted, an old resident, in whose house some mysterious goings-on were alleged to have taken place, and he was brought forth, his eyes burned out with a red hot iron and his body scorched, and, although a crowd of yokels arrived on the scene, no one interfered. Sudden ly a more brutal peasant came up and, seizing a chopper, hacked the poor victim's head off. A strict inquiry by the authorities is now proceeding. Cincinnati Enquirer. Yawning Is Ilealthy. A German scientist with all kinds of knobs on his head has discovered that yawning is a healthy pastime. It is wholesome, like oatmeal and brown bread. Yawning, it is said, stretches the muscles of the grain, maybe, or the tendons of the head, sends the blood to the jaws and sharpens appe tite and intellect. It is a cheap rem edy, accessible to young and old, rich Aad poor, and if it is as efficacious as new Teuton says health is surely with in the reach of every one in this coun try. In the submerged position, motors, driven by a series of powerful batteries in which electricity is stored, are used. Fresh air is supplied to the crew from flasks stored to a pressure of 2,000 4:ound.< to the square inch. This is let into the boat at a reduced pres, sure, obtained through a system ot valves. Air is used1. in operating the I (living and steering engines, by which the vessel is guidedl n (;:.h tI,' - zontal and vertical planes, and also to discharge the torpedoes from the tube in the bow. When the Holland moves to an at tack, after getting the ,ange of the vessel to be destroyed, she is placed in the "awash" position. This is done by allowing a sufficient volume of water to enter the system tanks in the bottom of the boat. The valves are opened and the water allowed to rush in until the dial indicates that sufficient has been taken. The vessel is then ready to dive. At a com mand from the cap tain the man operating the diving engine turns the wheel until the horizontal rudders are in position to carry the craft below the surface. S;he is kept on "even keel" through a system of "trimmin' tanks." by use of the rudders. While sub merged the vessel is kept on the de sired course by means of a compass which is fitted in the conning tower, from which place the movements are controlled by the captain. A system of telephones and telegraphs to the several sections is also installed in the conning tower. In all, five men oper ate the vessel, being stationed, respec tively, at the engine, at the diving ap paratus, at the tanks, at the torpedo tube and in the conning tower. When "in service," the vessels of the Holland type, carry five of the smaller type of whitehead torpedoes. When ready for action, word is passed from the captain to the men forward to place the torpedo. The cap over the forward end of the tube is closed and the breech opened. The torpedo is then placed in the tube, and the breech is closed. The gauge is then set, and at the word of command the missile is sent on its mission of de Nuh hnr- ------------- FOREIGN CEMETERY IN CHINA. If there were no other proof that the foreigner has been in China for many years, it could be shown by the cemeteries, which are in some in stances almost as populous as the quarters assigned to living foreign residents. The reverence of the Chinese for the graves of their relatives and an cestorIsis well known, and it is a trea sonable assumption that they would respect the sentiment in the foreign ers that moves them to dedicate in closed and beautified sections to the last resting places of those who have gone over to the "great majority." There are a.t least three different places in China in which an American might be reminded of the home coun try-the legations and consulates, the mission quarters and the cemeteries, struction. The weight of the dis charged torpedo in then taken up through the "compensating tanks." To bring the vessel to the surface, the water is forced out of the tanks by air, and the position of the diving rudders is changed. During the last session of congress an appropriation to construct six boats of the improved Holland type was made. These vessels are now un der construction and all will be com pleted ii about a year. The new plans have many improvements over the de vices in use in the present vessel. The new plungers will be sixty-three feet over all, with a diameter (beam) of 11 feet, 9 inches. The cost of each will be about $170,000. F. A. VERDTJ. ý .m k,, c'' ý TzlL HO= --=c-CLLAND *-- ="ip Revolution In Automobiles. A new automobile has been invented by a Russian named 1lutal Serky. He has discovered a new system of loco motion based on the use of a certain kind of salt, the composition of which is as yet his secret. Two pounds of this salt placed in the box of the au tomobile and subjected to a certain heat forms a gas which puts a cylinder in movement. The automobiles that were tried in Moscow produced the best results. The emperor of Russia, who takes great interest in this inven tion, intends to send Serky to Paris to make known his secret. The Rus sian press is of the opinion that it will cause a great revolution in the trade. -0. Dio of Lisbon. Lady Colebrooke a Carpenter. Lady Colebrooke is a clever car penter. Besides a perfect pillar box which stood in the hall at Abington she has made many beautiful pieces of furniture. She has a large class of women and girls each week from the district surrounding Abington to whom she teaches needlework and car pentering. the last named being carefully tended and preserved so far as possible from violation. Curfew Law in Richmond. The city council of Richmond, Va., is at present very much divided over a contemplated curfew law. The ordi nance was introduced at the last ses sion of the council and it caused the most heated debate. The question of constitutionality was finally raised, and after a lengthy argument the or dinance was finally referred to the city attorney to pass upon its legality. The city attorney was instructed that if the ordinance was not constitutional to frame one that was to accomplish the same ends. The mothers and fath ers and the children of Richmond are very much intersted in the proposed law and nearly every one in the city has lined up for or against the ordi nance. St. Petersbrg Loses Able Journalist. St. Petersburg has lost an influen tial journalist in the death of Camillo Cavos. He served in the war of 1866 as an officer in the Italian army. Re turning to his city he entered news paper work, and from 1875 was edi tor of the Novoe Vremya, his specialty being foreign politics. To Perpetuate Wllson's Memory. It is proposed by the friends of the late William L. Wilson and the alumni of Washington and Lee university, of which he was president, to raise by subcription a fund of at least $100,000 to maintain a professorship In the university, to be known as the Wil son endowment. = 1 _ ., ý ýý ý j;. K -- Yfl ,, 1 ýs ý ý ,.ý ý-ý ýý ý The National League's territory will be invaded by the American League, with or without the permis sion of the former, says a Washington dispatch. The expansion policy of the American League on a scale ap proaching national proportions was definitely proclaimed yesterday for the first time by Byron Bancroft Johnson, president of the American League, who, with Mr. Somers of the Cleve land club, has been here studying the local situation for the purpose of or ganizing an American League club in this city. Johnson, when consulted as to the purposes of the American League, said: "We have concluded positively to include Washington and Baltimore in our circuit next season, probably drop ping Minneapolis and Kansas City, and are now considering arrangements for this purpose. We have finally de termined to come east, regardless of the circuit grounds. While we wish to work in harmony with the major league we have grown large and strong enough not to be dictated to, and will choose our own grounds and infringe on N ational League territory, even without its consent, if our wishes are not respected. We are bound for Baltimore, where we will look after arrangements for a club in that city in the next couple of days. From Baltimore we will go to Philadelphia and New York, to canvas the situation in those cities. L will call a meeting of the American League magnates within the next 10 days, when a re port will be made and the matter discussed. We have decided upon the above program after long and care ful consideration. We have proved to the satisfaction of all the American League cities and demonstrated to the entire country that we know how base ball should be managed and im proved as a sport. We had a remark ably successful career, and with Wash ington and Baltimore in our circuit will be stronger and more powerful than ever." To Head Off Opposition. Two plans of action, it is under stood, are being considered by the Na tional League magnates to forestall the organization which was formed in Baltimore lately under the title of the National Association, says the New York Sun. One of these plans is to re-establish the twelve-club circuit, the other is to join the American League in a scheme so that that or ganization can extend its circuit to the east. Should the first proposition be taken up Washington and Baltimore will be embraced in the circuit in the east and Detroit and Cleveland in the west. It is rumored that if the sec ond proposition is deemed feasible, that is, a coalition with the American League, the league will be composed of teams in Boston, Philadelphia, Bal timore and Washington in the east, and Cleveland, Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Louis in the west. A further feature of this scheme would be that the American League schedule would be so arranged as to have games on National League grounds in the east ern cities and in St. Louis and Cleve land, while the clubs of the larger or ganizations were traveling. The Na tional League, to carry out this, would provide the grounds in the places not the magnates are said to think, would discourage the National Association in that it would insure continuous base ball in the cities which, it is expected, will have association franchises. A PHENOMENAL PITCHER. Wyatt A. Lee, the phenomenal pitcher of the Kansas City club, was born at Lynchburg, Va., on Aug. 12, 1879, and learned to play ball on the lots of his native city. He made a great reputation as an amateur in Kanras. He was discovered by Man ager Manning while at Coffeyville, Kan. His record for the season of 1900 was 23 victories and 22 defeats, a percentage of .511, a decidedly credit able showing when the Blues' low posi tion in the race is remembered. His WYATT A. LEE. best performances were one three-hit, one four-hit and four five-hit games. He batted at a .234 clip. A year's ex perience in the fast American League has done young Lee a world of good and those who played with andagainst him expect him to be even more ef fective and valuable to the Kansas City club in 1901 than he was in his first season. Old Story in New Form. A story has been given out by one of the promoters of the new American Baseball League which would seem to sound the death knell of the Na tional League. All summer emis saries of the new league have been busy working to consummate the per fection of the new organization, and they claim to have succeeded. This circuit, which has been completed, will be composed of eight clubs, and will include Philadelphia, Baltimore, Wash ington, Brooklyn, St. Louis. Detroit, Chicago and one other city in the west. The managers for the new teams have been selected, and, it is claimed, the Brooklyn club will supply three. Hugh Jennings is ikely to be at the head of the Philadelphia club, while Kelly will go to Washington and Cross will manage the St. Louis team. McGraw will, it is asserted, at last achieve his heart's desire, and be at the head of the Baltimore organization. The re maining managers have not been an nounced, but they are said to be well balanced baseball men, who have had years of experience. The Brooklyn team will be the principal loser in the matter of players, according to the story, as no less than nine of its con tingent have promised to jump the National League when the opportunity presents itself. A BRILLIANT SHORTSTOP. Fred Parent, the brilliant shortstop of tho champion Providence team of the eastern League for the season of 1900, was born at Riddeford, Me., on November 25, 1876, and learned to play baseball in Sanford, Me., where he now resides. He made his debut in the Connecticut State League in 1898 and his good work for the New Haven team in 1899 led to his getting a trial 1 FRED PARENT. with the St. Louis club toward the close of that season. Manager Murray secured his services for the Providence team for 1900 and his advancement to the National League is considered cer tain. He took part in 137 games, bat ted .284, fielded .875 and stole 24 bases. Many of his errors were made on chances that a less ambitious player would not have tried for. Satisfied with American. That Cleveland will be in the Na tional League again next season is thes latest in the baseball world, but while this rumor may attract attention else where, it is not likely to be credited here, writes a Cleveland correspond ent. Dispatciles from the east state that the national organization is anx ious to get a foothold in Cleveland again, but they do not state how it is to be done. This may be all very well from a National League standpoint, but there are several other considerations, one of them is the American League and another is Cleveland. This city has had enough of the National League methods as they are conducted at pres ent and it would only require a little time in looking over the situation to convince the magnates of that organi zation of the fact. One question put to Mr. Frank deHass Robison, late of Cleveland, would undoubtedly elicit a I convicting answer. The American League took a chance in Cleveland when the other organiza tion declared that baseball was dead here. Results show that the National League method and not the game were the cause of the downfall. When questioned about the above dispatch, the owners of the American League franchise in this city smiled audibly. Neither Mr. Kilfoyl or Mr. Somers toook the matter seriously. "We will be in Cleveland with an American League team next season," said the farmer, "and we are not open to propositions from the national or ganization." The second plan suggested would meet with more tavor and it is consid ered as quite a compliment to the American and as quite a comedown on the part of the National League, which latter organization has evidently dise covered that it must meet the former as an equal. Sullivan's Operation. John L. Sullivan was obliged to sub mit to a severe surgical operation for congenital hernia on October 25th at the Polyclinic Hospital in New York. The operation was successfully per formed by Dr. J. A. Bodine, but the ex-champion will be confined to bed in the institution for a month or longer. The doctors, after the operation, de clared that he had been afflicted since his birth, and spoke of his case as a most remarkable one, attributing his career under the circumstances alone to his splendid physique; but Sullivan appears not to have felt much incon venience from the trouble until recent ly, when he felt frequent pains, and consulted a physician to learn what ailed him. GRATEFUL FOR KINDNESS. Bow an Indian Rewarded a Man Who Rendered' :Hln a Service.' President Dwight of Yale college, tells a good story of Indian wit and friendship. Ii the early days of Litch field, Conn., an Indian called at the tavern and asked the landlady for food, frankly stating that he had no money with which to pay for it. She refused him harshly, but a white man who stood by, noted the red man's half-famished state, and offered to pay for his supper. The meal was fur nished and the Indian, his hunger satisfied, returned to the fire and told: his benefactor a story. "You know the Bible?" said the red-skin. The man assented. "Well," said the IndiAn, "the Bible says God made the world, and then he took him and look at him and say, 'He good, very good.' 'He made light, and he took him and look at him and say, 'He good, very good.' Then he made dry land and water and sun and moon and grass and trees, and took him and look at him and say, 'He good, very good.' Then he made beasts and birds and fishes, and took him and look at him and say, 'He good, very good.' Then he made a man and took him and look at him and say, 'He good, very. good.' Then he made a woman, and took him and look at him, and he no dare say one such word!" That last conclusion was uttered with a meaning glance at the landlady. Some years after this occurrence, the man who paid for the Indian's supper was cap. tured by redskins and carried to Can ada, whee he was made to work like a slave. One day an Indian came to him, recalled to his mind the occur rence at the Litchfield tavern, and ended by saying: "I am that Indian. Now my turn pay. I see you home. Come with me." And the redskin guided the man back to Litchfield. Chicago Chronicle: NEGRO ORATORS. Their Absence from This Campaign a Notable Feature. In. no previous national political campaign, writes Fannie B. Williams, has the negro orator been so little in demand as in the present one. There is something quite interesting and sig nificant in the waning influence of the negro as a spellbinder. In the earlier days of freedom, when the cause of the newly enfranchised people was a. subject of popular interest, the gifted men of the race formed a striking and interesting feature in the politi cal campaigns and were to be heard In every part of the north. The great Frederick Douglass was one of the stars in the firmament of spellbinders. His noble personality and rare elo quence gave an added interest and zest to the campaigns. Mr. Douglass" prestige made the negro's cause im portant in every political contest, and his counsel was always sought and respected. But Mr. Douglass was not alone. There were several colored men in Congress and many others holding important federal positions in the southern states who were men of much eloquence and effectiveness on the political stump. Prominent among them were Prof. Langston, John R. Lynch, ex-Gov. Pinchback, of Louisiana, and the late Senator Bruce. All these men were immensely popular, much in demand and were justly valued as adding strength and picturesqueness to the fighting forces of the republican party. Most of the orators of the early days have gone to their rest. John R. Lynch, now a paymaster in the United States army, and ex-Gov. Pinchback live in retire ment and ease in Washington, and are about the only survivors of the post-bellum negro orator. They are still loyal to the Republican party, but they are seldom heard on the po litical hustings. Buncoed Out of His Seat. "In the matter of strategy a woman can get the better of a man every time, in minor affairs, at least," said a man who is in business down town, and who rides home in a West Phila delphia car during the rush hour ev ery evening, says the Philadelphia Record. "I usually get a seat, for I take the car away down at Fourth street. The other evening I was busily reading my paper when a woman got aboard at Twelfth street. I glanced up slyly, and saw that all the seats were occupied. Hasty as my glance was she caught my eye and that was my finish. Smiling broadly, she came over to where I was sitting and ex claimed, 'Why, how do you do? How are all the folks?' I couldn't place the woman to save my life, but I lifted my hat and replied that we were all well. 'She must be some friend of the fam ily,' I argued with myself, so I fblded up my paper and gave her my seat. After she had settled herself comfort ably she looked up at me in a queer sort of way and said: 'Really, I must beg your pardon. I took you for Mr. Jones. You look so much like him.' But she had the seat, and she kept it. It was a clear case of bunco." Opening of French Hunting Season. In France, one has to get an official permit to hunt, and the hunting sea son now having been opened by Presi dent Loubet at Ramboullet, nearly half a million permits have been granted. Times have changed since the French farmers, toward the end of the last century, were forbidden to kill a rabbit under pain of death. The right of chase belonged to the priv ileged and those were so few that the country was overrun and the farmers were obliged to sit up at night to keep their crops from being de voured. If you have a happy home keep it so; if not, make it i'