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6ýEý DIGGING DIAMONDS. The methods of compelling Mother Earth to disgorge her hidden stores of wealth-be it in the form of dia monds, gold, silver, copper or coal appears to be much the same every where. You first find your mine, your reef or crater of blue clay, as it is at Kimberley, and then you bore a hole down to it, which you call a shaft. Sometimes, as at Kimberley, you can begin at the top, but sooner or later you have to resort to burrowing later ally or perpendicularly. Then "the thing you are in search of" is wound up on a pulley, over a wheel such as you see in any train journey through the midlands and the north of En gland. Mouth of the Crater. The blue clay-as everyone knows by this time-is found in circular pits (once craters) filled up from an un known depth; they have not touched bottom at 2,000 feet. The inclosing walls are basalt and then a layer of shale is superposed. In the open, or through shafts, the clay is blasted and carried on trucks by endless wires to the "floors." The trams run on dou 'ble lines, one set of trucks carrying the clay, the other returning empty. "The "floors" constitute one of the most interesting features of the place. The ,earth which contains the diamonds be comes very friable when exposed to sun and air and crumbles like loam. The harder rock, consolidated under tremendous pressure, has to be pulver ized by crushing. Thousands of acres are inclosed by barbed-wire fencing a much disguised blessing of South Af rica-and there, hidden in the molder ing earth, are hundreds of thousands of pounds worth of precious stones. 'Some, of course, become detached and are picked up by the "boys" and gener ally accounted for, though, in spite of the necessarily stringent I. D. B. laws, it is difficult to believe that none fails to reach the sorting house. Aid of Sun and Air. When sunshine and atmosphere have done their work the decomposed clay is taken back from the floors and com mitted to the pulsators, writes the Kimberley correspondent for the Lon don Telegraph. The matter is shot in to receivers and passes down to the pulsator, a graduated plane of metal, as the name implies, is shaken by ma chinery laterally, as a man shakes a sieve in his hand. The different steps of the pulsator are covered with grease to which the diamonds-at least, all of any size-adhere as the broken clay rushes over mingled with a cream of water. The top step generally man ages to catch the larger stones and very few escape the lowest grade. The refuse, however, is all carefully hand sorted by natives, whose natural quick ness of eye and deftness of finger have been improved by long practice. Many of the hands so employed are convicts, hired by the government to the com pany. These victims of civilization most of them are guileless of any crim inal appearance-much prefer this work to the dull monotony of prison labor. The sight of these convicts en gaged in sorting out minute gems from the dross might suggest many reflec tions. The contrast is the most strik ing; at one end of the scale diamonds representing the highest luxury of civ lization, at the other the native to whom European culture means the magistrate and the politician. How ever, if the native criminal moralizes -which I am sure that, as a rule, he is far too sensible to do-he can chuck le at the idea that each stone he ex tracts may easily prove an incentive to his fellows on a higher plane to go and do likewise. Washing It Out. The sticky matter, holding little but the gems, is thoroughly washed out and the deposit is ready for the sort er. Diamonds are by no means un lovely in their uncut condition, and there is no mistaking the slightly grea sy feeling of the real gem, due, I am told, to its incomparable hardness. The stones are then inspected and weighed and are ticketed according to their value in little heaps on a counter of the sorting room. Thus, the first heap of a week's "clean up" will contain, per haps, a dozen large diamonds, perfect in shape and color and without a flaw; they may be of any value from 200 to 2,000 pounds. Then come smaller ones of the same spotless character; next in value are the large yellow stones; then the flawed whites, and so on, down to the heaps of tiny gems like coarse sugar, white and brown. Roughly there were, I suppose, some 80,000 pounds worth on the counter, representing the output of seven days. The company does not, of course, cut its own diamonds-that is a special in dustry of Amsterdam-nor do they sell them directly to the diamond mer chants. A syndicate contracts to take the whole product of the mines at a fixed price-so much a carat-and as, owing to the war and other causes, dia monds have been very, very dear late ly, the syndicate must have made large " profits. PAVED WITH GOOD INVENTIONS. "That friend of mine in the asphalt business had a horrible dream the other night. He dreamed he had work ed through a contract to pave the umain street in shell. In his joy over getting it he was foolish enoughl to guarantee to keep the roadway in re pair for a year. He sent down his best men to lay the stuff and it was soon down and approved and the warrants drawn for its payment." "Yes." S "And then one day Satan sent fot him in a terrible hurry. He hustled down and what do you suppose? Why, they'd just had a batch of new ar rivals, legislators and councilmen, and t in warming things up for them they had rushed the temperature to 420 Fahrenheit-and every blessed scrap 1 of that asphalt melted and run into the sewer! "-Cleveland Plain Dealer. GLOVE FOR HOUSEHOLD USE. Here is a woman's invention that should prove practical for the purpose for which it was designed, namely, to protect the fingers while kneading dough or applying any polishing sub stance to stoves, woodwork, furniture, etc. It consists of a set of finger tips of rubber or any other flexible mate rial suspended by elastic cords from a wrist band. These tips are prefer ably larger than the average-sized I finger and are adopted to be gathered at the large ends by means of the strings passing through the eyelets, as PROTECTS THE HAND. shown. Heretofore various devices have been made in the form of gloves for polishing purposes, but in all the others the serious objection has been the tendency of the hands to perspire within the glove, causing great incon venience to the user. This objection is obviated by the new glove, as It does not entirely inclose the hand, but affords only a covering for the fingers, leaving the rest of the hand free to the atmosphere. A patent for this in vention was lately granted. ANOTHER NEW COFFEE POT. There are already on the market numerous improved coffee pots, but there seems to be room for the one shown below, which has just been patented. Among its numerous ad vantages the inventor names the fol lowing: It is .automatic and requires no attention after the coffee is once put in. Only boiling hot water comes in contact with the coffee, therefore the strength is all leached out. No additional utensiles are needed, and it can be adjusted to fit any and all cof feepots. The pot is separate from the other parts, and is, therefore, as light as possible, thus avoiding the handling of a pot with a heavy strainer or other apparatus. In making the beverage the operation is as follows: A quantity of coffee is placed in the small recep tacle at the top, and the flat reservoir at the bottom is partially filled with water. The vertical tube at the left side of the cut extends nearly to the top of the coffee holder, and at one side of the latter is a short slanting tube, which is inserted in the spout of the coffeepot. The apparatus being set on the stove, the water begins to boil, when the steam expanding in the flat reservoir forces the boiling water in small quantities through the ver tical tube to the coffee. There the PREPARING THE BEVERAGE. water percolates downward until it reaches the outlet tube, dropping into the coffeepot. As the vertical tube does not extend quite to the bottom of the water reservoir, a small quan tity of the water always remains in the bottom to prevent damage, and the steam from this will also aid in making the coffee. Should the steam pressure become too great the ball forming the safety valve on top of the reservoir is displaced. Ebb and Flow of Natlons. A hundred years ago Spain was greater in possessions and population than the United States, but during the century just ending its fortunes were long at an ebb and the flood has been with the United States. Similar changes have gone on in other nations and in other parts of the world. Chi na has had the ebb; Japan has had the flow. A FRONTIER DUEL. HOW CATTLEMEN SETTLED AN AFFAIR OF HONOR. Fonght with Pistols on Horseback and Then Cut Right and Left with Knives --The Final Reconciliation-No bur geons nor Seconds Present. (St. Paul Letter.) If Count Boni and the French gen tlemen whose thirst for blood so fre quently amuses the world really wish to know how to fight for honor's sake let them visit Medicine Hat, up in the northwest, and hear the story of how "Bulldog" Kelly and Mahone, the stockman, fought for theirs. It is only necessary to say of Kelly that once in his life he figured in a celebrated in ternational law controversy which the then secretary of state, Thomas F. Bayard, ended. His mother was a friend of John A. Logan. Mahone was nothing more nor less than a frontier cattleman. He met Kelly first at Cal gary, where, in a dispute over cards, an enmity arose between them. Subse quently they clashed in the Medicine Hat country, and Mahone wrongfully accused Kelly of stealing stock. Kel ly would have killed him then and there but for the interference of the Canadian mounted police. Subse quently one of these policemen sug gested to him that he challenge Ma hone to a duel, and that they have it out alone. Kelly evidently thought well of the suggestion, for a day or two later, meeting Mahone in that iso lated and abused town, Medicine Hat, he quietly told him that he would meet him the next morning as the sun rose on the Tortured trail and prove to him with a gun that he was not a thief. Mahone nodded his head in acceptance of the defiance, and that was all there was to the challenge. A Human Bulldog. Kelly slept in a ranch house that night, but was up before dawn sad dling his horse. He carried for arms two six-shooters and a short-hilted bear knife. He rode away from the ranch in the heavy darkness before daybreak, headed for the Tortured trail. He was a six-footer, sandy haired, heavy-jawed and called "Bull dog," because he had once pitted him self against an animal of that title and whipped him in a free fight. His cour age was extreme from the brute point of view. To illustrate this, years after this event, when he was on trial for his life in a murder case, he was instructed by his attorney to kill one of the wit nesses against him in the court room ii he attempted to give certain false tes timony. "You listen to him," said the attor ney, "and if he tries to testify falsely as to certain things let him have it." Kelly, as a prisoner, entered the THE KELLY AND MAHONE DUEL. court room with a knife up his sleeve and he sat through all the proceedings with his eyes on the man he was to watch. The latter grew restless and when he took the stand broke down completely and did not aid the prose cution at all. He divined without knowing it that if he testified as the prosecution believed he would Kelly would then and there end him. The Beginning, Well, Kelly rode down the trail as gay in spirit as a man of his nature could be. He did not whistle, for whistling men are rarely brutal. But he abused his horse, and that was the best of evidence that he felt well. He watched the darkness hang closer and closer to the plain grasses, the stars grow more brilliant until suddenly in the east it was as if a curtain was drawn up and the day came with the call of wild birds and a wind which rose from the west to meet the sun. He glanced toward Medicine Hat and from that point, out to the black and gray of the hour, rode Mahone, armed as his opponent was. They were a mile apart when they recognized each other. Kelly reined in his horse and waited. Mahone came on. No surgeons nor seconds were in attendance. Mahone drew nearer, moving a little to the left, as if to circle about Kelly. The latter sud denly dropped udder his horse's neck and fired. His bullet just clipped the mane of Mahone's horse. Mahone gave a wild whoop and fired back, riding as Kelly was, Indian fashion, and looking for an opening. Both horses were now in motion and the shots came thick and fast. Kelly's animal went down first, from a bullet through his lungs. His rider entrenched behind him. Ma hone made a charge and lost his own horse, besides getting a bullet through his left arm. He, too, entrenched. In a few moments one of his shots cut a red crease across the forehead of Kelly and filled his eyes with blood. He wiped himself off and tied a h'adker chief over the mark. A Bloody Battle. Each was afraid to start out from his horse, but in the course of half an hour their ammunition was exhausted, and then they drew their pistols from them and came towards each other, through the grass, with their knives out. Kelly now had two good wounds and Mahone had been shoe three times. They visibly staggered as they played for the first chance to close in. At last the knives crossed, and Kelly got the first thrust and missed, for which awk wardness Mahone gave him a savage cut. They hacked and stabbed at each other until neither could move, and the small population of Medicine Hat, getting wind of what was going on, rode out and brought them in for medical attendance. Kelly, besides his bullet wounds, had fourteen knife cuts, and Mahone had fifteen. They were put to bed in the same room and the same doctor attended both. For day: they lay almost touching each other, and neither spoke. Medicine Hat had been unable to decide which had the better of the fight, and it seemed as if it would be resumed if both lived to recover. But one morning Mahone raised himself painfully from his mat tress. and he put out his hand to Kelly and said: "You ain't no thief. You're game." And Kelly covered the hand with his own and they shook. That settled their feud. They were under the doctor's care for three months, but when able to go out rode away from Medicine Hat together, the best of friends. CONSUMPTION IN FRANCE. The Mortality in Paris Particularly Is Startling. According to official statistics just made public for the last six years, an average of 150,000 persons have year ly died in France from consumption, while in Paris alone the total for that period has been 83,274 deaths. More over, a report of the prefect of police of Paris shows that in that city, with its population of 2,511,629 inhabitants, there were 46,988 deaths in 1900, out of which number 12,314 were caused by consumption. Again, according to the report of the prefect of police, all classes have suffered from the disease, but it has been particularly fatal in those sec tions of the city occupied by working families. Out of every 10,000 inhabi tants the average number of deaths in the richest residential quarters is 20; in the well-to-do quarters, 35; in the quarters occupied by the working classes, 53; while in what may be called the poor quarters the deaths from consumption have been as high as 65 per 10,000 inhabitants. To take the two extremes, the figures show that in the last year, while consumption killed only 14 Parisians per 10,000 in the Champs Elysees quarter, it caused the deaths of 69 per 10,000 in the Buttes-Chaumont quarter, thus prov ing, as the prefect says in his report, that "fresh air and good surroundings must be employed in fighting the dis ease in Paris if the death rate is to be lowered." Nearly all the Paris pa pers are giving much and serious at tention to the matter. POISON AND VENTRILOQUISM. The Means by Which One Man Gainod Another's Fortune. Americans are not the only people who are ingenious in originating and committing crimes. From Vienna comes a most remarkable story of the arrest of Herr Vogl, proprietor of a large exchange. He is charged with having poisoned, in April, 1900, a rich Russian named Taubin, who was sup posed to have verbally bequeathed his property to Vogl, who has since en joyed it. Taubin, who was a Jew miser and drunkard, lived in a squalid man ner. One night a policeman took him home drunk and bleeding. A doctor who was summoned told Taubin's old charwoman to bring his friends as he was dying. She brought Vogl, whom she knew was an acquaintance of Tau bin. Vogl took a lawyer and clerk with him to the miser's house. Upon arriving at the bedside, the dying man, it is stated, recovered sufficiently to say that all his possessions should go to Vogl, after which he died almost immediately. The bequest thus os tensibly made in the presence of wit nesses was legally regular, and Vogl inherited property to the value of $200,000. Taubin's body was cremated. His Russian relatives subsequently represented to the police that Vogl poisoned him, and they also declared that Vogl is a ventriloquist and him self spoke the words bequeating the property to himself when Taubin was already dead. Vegetables as Medicines. As most people are aware, vegetables possess various medicinal qualities. Here are some worth bearing in mind. Asparagus is very cooling and easily digested. Cabbage, cauliflower, Brus sels sprouts and broccoli are cooling, nutritive, laxative and purifying to the blood, and also act as tonics, but should not be eaten too freely by deli cate persons. Celery is good for rheu matic and gouty persons. Lettuces are very wholesome. They are slight ly narcotic, and lull and calm the mind. Spinach is particularly good for rheumatism and gout and also in kid ney diseases. Onions are good for chest ailments and colds, but do not agree with all. Watercresses are ex cellent tonics and cooling. Beet-root is very cooling and highly nutritious, owing to the amount of sugar it con tains. Parsley is cooling and purify, ing. Potatoes, parsnips, carrots, tur nips and artichokes are highly nutri tious but not so digestible as some vegetables. Potatoes are most nourish ing and fattening for nervous persons. Tomatoes are health-giving and puri fying, either eaten raw or cooked. Chill, cayenne, horseradish and mus tard should be used sparingly. They give a. zest to the appetite and are val uable stomachics. Radishes are the same, but are indigestible and should not be eaten by delicate people. Blue Monday is often the result of painting things red on Sundays, HC'N I RA ýý, y-v EMPIRE STYLES DOMINATE. Empire styles dominate Paris fash ions and the ceremonious gowns de signed by the great French contu rieres are especially brilliant creations '-I\> AN EMPIRE GOWN. In this characteristic mode. An Em pire dinner frock fresh from Paris is illustrated to-day. Violet satin is the foundation fabric, trimmed round the skirt's lower edge with a thick gar land of white roses interspersed with black velvet knot. The Empire tunic, reaching from shoulders to skirt hem, is in white net appliqued in Mechlin lace. The tunic is draped effectively in the front, w'here it is caught by a STREET COSTUMES FOR FINE WEATHER. skirt is open at e foot over a lig/t tan underskirt. Cloth buttons oi tea color. 4*o. 2. Dark green street costume, with silver and buttons. skirt is open at foot over a lig-t tan underskirt. Cloth buttons of ta* "..o. 2. Dark green street costume, with silver and buttons. KEEP IN TOUCH. A man who was raised in the state of Pennsylvania left the old home when of age and went west. He neg lected to keep in touch with the old home and his kith and .in and heard nothing from there for eighteen years. He then, having made some money, thought he would go back to the old place and see how the folks were get ting along. When he got there he found the old house and barn looking just as he had left them, but father, mother, brother and sister were all huge bunch of mauve and white roses with foliage. More roses appear upon the left shoulder, heading the sleeve in transparent Mechlin lace, which, fit ting the arm closely, ends at the elbow. The other sleeve is headed by a band and bow in black velvet ribbon. The corsage is banded with the velvet, or namented with big paste buckles and ending in bow knots. FOR SPRING AND SUMMER. Here we have the very latest spring model in street frocks. Fundamental ly Princesse, it varies from that ever graceful theme in a novel and original way. There is what is known as a I 4 MODEL FOR THE STREET. trailing corselet skirt in smooth-faced biscuit colored cloth, fitting the figure closely at the waist and encircled at the hips with a broad band in black guipure over mauve silk. From this band in front fall two big double box plaits, each plait decorated at the top with three fancy silver buttons. Broad bretelles of the cloth, studded with buttons, cross the shoulders and ap parently hold the frock in place. The deep yoke consists of mauve muslin tucked and shirred and banded with the black guipure. Guipure forms the stock and extends upon the shoulders with good effect. The cloth sleeves have puff undersleeves of the muslin. The hat of white crinoline has a crum, pled crown girded with black. sleeping up in the litlte cemetery on the hill. There are all too many peo pie who like this man neglects to keep in touch with those nearest and dear est to them, who, like him, may real ize the folly of so doing when it if all too late.-Suggestions. Many a time what we call failure II only God's angel stripping us of hin drances, and setting us free from lower entanglements, so that the higher in us may have free use of all its powers, -Minot J. Savage.