Newspaper Page Text
The Malta Enterprise Pub. Co., Inc M. T. OSGOOD. Manager and Editor MALTA. MONT NEWSOF A WEEK IN CONDENSED FORM RECORD OF MOST IMPORTANT EVENTS TOLD IN BRIEFEST MANNER POSSIBLE. AT HOME AND ABROAD Happenings That Are Making History -Information Gathered From All Quarters of the Globe and Given In a Few Lines. Washington Secretary MacVeagh invited popu lar subscriptions to a $50,000,000 issue of government bonds to reimburse the treasury general fund for expenditure on account of the Panama canal. The government's announced intention is to give preference to small bidders. Postmaster General Hitchcock has designated 47 additional savings de positories, making a total of 176 that have been created to date. The offices named will be made ready to receive deposits on Monday, June 12. Work will begin immediately on the construction of the new $1,000, 000 temple for the Scottish Rite Ma sons in Washington. President Taft will lay the corner stone in Octo ber. Domestic The general assemblies of the Pres byterian church and the Southern Presbyterian church met in annual session, the former in Atlantic City and the latter in Louisville, Ky. A drunken negro, recently released from Sing Sing prison, killed two white men, stabbed three other white men, two of them policemen, shot a fourth white man and a little girl, in a wild fight when a passenger on an elevated train at New York city at tacked the negro for smoking on the platform of the train. The ten Chicago meat packers un der indictment charged with violation of the Sherman anti-trust law, won an opportunity to reopen their case. Judge Carpenter in the United States district court at Chicago granted them permission to file a motion for a re hearing on the demurrers to the in dictments. President Lynch of the typographi cal union has brought suit for $100, 000 damages against John Kirby and the Manufacturers' association for blaming the typographical union for the Los Angeles Times dynamiting. The principle of arbitration of prac tically all disputes between nations assumed vitality when Secretary of State Knox submitted to the British and French ambassadors the draft of a convention to serve as a basis of ne gotiations. The fact that this move ment would be inaugurated with France as well as Great Britain came as a surprise. The Helm committee reported to the Illinois state senate that in its opinion Senator Lorimer's election could not have been brought about ex cept by bribery and corruption. No recommendations were made in the report for taking the matter to the United States senate and outside of the recital of the facts set forth there was no comment. The altar in St. Peter's Roman Catholic cathedral at Erie, Pa., was consecrated by Most Rev. Diomede Falconio, papal delegate to the United States, who celebrated pontifical high mass. The supreme court of the District of Columbia, on its own ir'tiative, insti tuted proceedings fo contempt against President Gompers, Vice-Pres Ident Mitchell and Secretary Morrison of the American Federation of Labor. If adjudged guilty the men may be sentenced to imprisonment. The Supreme court of the United States set aside the sentences of im prisonment against President Samuel Gompers, Vice-President John Mitchell and Secretary Frank Morrison of the American Federation of Labor, im posed by the District of Columbia su preme court for contempt in the Bucks boycott case. The court decided that the officials had been erroneously sen tenced. George Dryer, son of a New York banker, revealed his identity to offi c:ers of a boat at Seattle, Wash., on which he was working his way to Alaska, after it was rumored that he committed suicide, following his disap pearing from home. When swimming in Tippecanoe lake Bernvrd Minear and Morris Gary, high school pupils, were drowned at War saw, Ind. They had been missing and search for them resulted late at Wight in the finding of their bodies. Bishop Lawrence of Massachusetts preached the sermon at the service of the blessing of the $260,000 Protest. ant Episcopal cathedral of St. Paul at Detroit, Mich., which was opened for public worship a few weeks ago. Former President Theodore Roose velt told about 1,000 New York clergy men that materialism and paganism are a serious meance to the welfare of the United States. He declared that men who blow up the buildings of capitalists at the behest of labor lead ers are murderers, and that unless something is done to remedy present conditions, the results will be dire. To decide the ownership between nations of $7,000,000 worth of property now on the American side of the Rio Grande Fiver, in the southern section of El Paso, an international commis. sion met at El Paso, Tex. Publishers, clergymen, professors, scientists and others signed a petition presented to congress asking for an inquiry Into the manner in which D. C. Worcester has conducted his office as Philippine commissioner. The government won its case in the Supreme court of the United States against the Standard Oil company of New Jersey, it being held that it is a conspiracy and monopoly in restraint of trade. The decree of the lower court was affirmed, although the time for the combine's dissolution was ex tended from one to six months. Elgin, Ill., and the entire country roundabout are aroused over the dis covery of the unidentified body of a woman four miles south of Elgin bru tally murdered, her skull battered in three places, her throat slashed and her clothing set on fire, resulting in the burning of her body. In going after a patient the Indian apolis city hospital ambulance was struck by a street car at East Tenth street, killing Dr. Andrew G. Cooper, an interne, and injuring Miss Gladys Freelund, a nurse. The wealth produced on farms of the United States was $8,926,000,000 during 1910, as estimated by the de partment of agriculture in a statement just issued. This is an increase of $104,000,000 over 1909. An auction sale by the government of 2,000 tracts of unallotted land in the Seminole, Creek and Cherokee nations was begun at Wewoka, Okla. Not more than 160 acres will be sold to one person. James A. Patten, the Chicago bro ker, who has given $250,000 to aid in the fight against tuberculosis, was dealt a second blow by the scourge in the death of his son, Thomas Bever idge Patten, seventeen years old. The boy's uncle, George Patten, died last September of the same disease. The United Confederate Veterans and allied organizations opened their annual meetings in Little Rock, Ark. * S S Personal Stuyvesant Fish, III., arrived in this world late Monday night at the house of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Stuy vesant Fish, Jr., in New York. The new arrival is a grandson of the for mer president of the Illinois Central railroad. It is reported that the engagement of Claude Grahame-White, the British aviator, and Pauline Chase, the actress, has been broken. After two years of life among the Bagobos, a little known Philippine tribe, Miss Laura Benedict of the staff of the American Museum of Natural History has returned to that institu tion with a collection of 2,100 speci mens illustrating the life and cus toms of the tribe. * S * At the annual meeting of the Brit ish Iron and Steel institute in London the Carnegie research scholarship of $500 was awarded to R. M. Keeney of Colorado. Miss Emilie B. Grigsby, ward of the late Charles T. Yerkes, sailed to take up what is expected to be her per manent residence in London. Her magnificent home in New York has been virtually stripped of its art treas ures and wonderful furnishings. Foreign It was said at the home of Dowager Lady Decies in London that Lady Decies is making satisfactory prog ress toward recovery followidg the operation for appendicitis. Anna Besant, who has arrived in London from India, announces the im pending reincarnation of Christ. Reports that 5,000 persons are star ving on the Labrador coast are dis credited by Captain Kean of the steamer Home, which plies between Curling, N. F., and Battle Harbor, Lab rador. The terms which President Diaz is willing to grant in order to restore peace to Mexico constitute practically a complete surrender to the insur rectos. President Diaz and Vice-Pres ident" Corral will resign before June 1 and a new election will be called witL~ln six months The Am -ican A<Ademy of Art in Rome has i~ rchased the Villa Aurella, on top of one of the historic hills near Rome, where American artists can work under the most favorable ausD'.ra. STANDARD OIL LOSES ITS CASE; TO BE DISSOLVED U. S. SUPREME BENCH DECLARES CORPORATION ILLEGAL COM BINATION, MONOPOLIZING INTERSTATE COMMERCE. GUILTY OF VIOLATING SHERMAN ANTI-TRUST LAW Tremendous Struggles by the Gover.. ment Ends In Great VlItorye Six Months Given De. fendants to Act. SUMMARY OF DECISION. * * In the Standard Oil Decision, the * * supreme court holds: * " That the Standard Oil Comr * pany Is a monopoly in restraint of * * trade. - That this giant corporation must * " be dissolved within six months. e * Corporations whose contracts - * are "not unreasonably restrictive" ÷ * of competition are not affected. " Other great corporations whose C " acts may be called Into question * * will be dealt with according to * * the merits oftheir particular cases. * Washington, D. C. - The Standard Dil company of New Jersey and its 19 subsidiary companies were declared by the supreme court of the United States to be a conspiracy and combination in restraint of trade. They also were held to be monopolizing interstate commerce in violation of the Sherman anti-trust law. The dissolution of the :ombination was ordered to take place within six months. Thus ended the tremendous struggle an the part of the government to put sown by authority of law a combina tion which it asserted was a menace. At the same time the court inter preted the Sherman anti-trust law so is to limit its application to acts of 'undue" restraint of trade and not soning of the court in arriving at its this point that the only discordant note was heard in the court. Justice Harlan's Contention. Justice Harlan dissented, asserting that cases already decided by the :ourt had determined once for all that the words "undue" or "unreasonable" Ind similar words, were not in the Statute. He declared that the rea soning o fthe court in arriving at its fnding was in effect legislation that belonged in every instance to con gress and not to the courts. The opinion of the court was an aounced by Chief Justice White. In printed form, it contained more than 20,000 words. Distinguished Audience Present. Before him sat a distinguished au. Hence of the most famous men of the country. Senators and representatives left their respective chambers in the capitol to listen to the epoch-making lecision of the court. Most eager to bear were Attorney General Wicker sham and Frank B. Kellogg, special counsel of the government, who had conducted the great fight against the Standard Oil. None of the brilliant Lrray of counsel for the corporation or Individual defendants were present. By far the greater portion of the opinion of the chief justice was de toted to the justification of the court n requiring that the "rule of rea son" be applied to restraints of trade before they were held to be violations of the Sherman anti-trust law. The court found this justification in the common law of the forefathers and n the general law of the country at e time the Sherman anti-trust law bas passed. This meaning of the kords, according to the court, called tor exercise of reasoning in determin ing what restraint on trade were pro hibited. Chief Justice Reviews Proceedings. Chief Justice White in his opinion first reviewed the preliminary pro ceedings in the case in the circuit court of the United States for the Eastern district of Missouri. He re. stated the essential points in the bill of the government asking for the dis solution of the Standard Oil and the answer questioning the jurisdiction of the court and denying the claims of the government. He then came to the arguments as to the law and tho facts in the case, saying that out of the "jungles" of law and facts both sides were engaged only in one thing and that was that the determination of the controversy rested upon the proper construction and application of the first and second sections of the anti-trust acts. The views of the two sides, as to the law, the chief justice said, were as wide apart as the poles. The same he said, was true as to the facts. ENGLISH LUTHERANISM PASES. Denomination Merges with German Congregations in Missouri Synod. St. Louis, Mo. - English Luther anism lost its identity as a distinct denomination, when the 80 congrega tions comprising thTs branch of the Missouri synod became merged with the 3,030 German congregations. Hencefoith the English churches win comprise the first of 24 districts of the Lutheran church in the United States. * HISTORY OP OiL TRUST. * * 1862-John D. Rockefeller start. * * ed in the il business with $4,000. * * 1886-Rockefeller became the * * owner of a refinery in Cleveland. * * 1870-Organization of Standard * * Oil Company of Ohio effected by * * Rockefeller and others. * * 1871-8outh Improvement Com. C * pany arranged for rebates from * * railroads. " * 1879-Organization of "Vlas- C * Keith-Chester trust." " C 1882-Organization of socalled * * "Standard Oil trust." C * 1890-Passage of Sherman anti. * * trust act. C C 1892-Rissolutlon of 'Standard C * Oil trust." C * Reorganization of Standard Oil C * Company of New Jersey, as a hold. " * Ing company. C * 1892-Dissolution of "Standard * * cases. • * 1910-Circuit court In St. Louis C * decrees dissolution. * * 1910-Appeal made to the sue * * pureme court. e C 1911-8upreme court orders dis * C solution. "Thus on the one hand with relent' less pertinacity and minuteness of analysis," said the chief Justice, "ii is insisted that the facts established that the assailed combination took its birth in a purpose to unlawfully as quire wealth by oppre..ng the pub. lic and destroying the Just rights of others, and that its entire career ezC emplifies an inexorable carrying out of such wrongful intents, since, it is as serted, the pathway of the combination from the beginning of the time of thd filing of the bill is marked with con' stant proofs of wrong inflicted upon the public and is strewn with the wrecks resulting from crushing outs without regard to law, the individual rights of others. . . . It is as' serted that the existence of the prim cipal corporate defendant, the Stan4' ard Oil Company of New Jersey, with its vast accumulation of property, be cause of its potency for harm and the dangerous example which its contin ued existence affords, is an open and enduring menace to all freedom of trade and a by-word and reproach to all modern economic methods. "On the other hand, in a powerful analysis of the facts, it is insisted that they demonstrate that the origin and development of the vast business which the defendants control was but the result of lawful competitive meth. ods, guided by economic genius of the highest order, sustained by courage, by a keen insight into the commercial sit' uation resulting in the acquisition of great wealth, but at the same time serving to stimulate an increased pro duction, to widely extend the distriba tlon of the products of petroleum at a cost largely below that which other wise have prevailed, thus proving to be at one and the same time a bene. faction to the general public as well as an enormous advantage to individ. uals." Government Fully Upheld. Commenting upon the Standard Oi0 decision, Attorney General Wicke. sham said that the court unanimously affirmed the decree rendered by the circuit court in favor of the govern. ment in every particular, save that give the defendants six months in stead of 30 days' time in which to comply with the decree. President Mum on Decision. President Taft and his cabinet i the regular session today will take up the solution of the "trust question" brought sharply before them by the Standard Oil decision. The president himself had nothing to say about the decision. He wished, he told callers, to read it carefully, to discuss it with the cabinet and to dissect it with Mr. Wickersham. Un' til these things had been done, he had no opinion to voice. Washington, May 16.-Setting aside the sentences of imprisonment im posed by the supreme court of the District of Columbia, for alleged dis obedience to a boycott injunction, the supreme court of the United States held that Samuel 'dompers, John Mitchell and Frank Morrison, presi. dent, vice-president and secretary re spectively of the American Federa tion of Labor, had beep erroneousal sentenced to jail on a charge of con tempt of a local court. The court unanimously held that the only sentences that could be im. posed upon the labor leaders were fines. In so holding thp supreme court of the United States muund that the court of appeals of the District of Columbia and the supremue court of the district erred in tre ting the contempt proceedings as a crimina case and not a civil one. '1e effect was to make jail sentences impoe sible. Hence the jail sentences had to be set aside. Inasmuch as all of the differences between the labor men and the Buck Stove and Range company have been adjudicated including the boycott case out of which the contempt pro ceedings arose, today's decision ii probably the last to be heard of thil famous action. TWENTY-TWO ARE L.OST French Fishing Boat Founders Nesw the Grand Banks. t St. Pierre.-The probable loss of the French fishing schooner Victoria with her entire crew of twenty-two s men was reported by the captain ot the French brigantine Robinson. The Victoria is thought to have gone dow. with all on board while anchored or I the Grand bank in April. She haP'e teRm Port St. Malo DIETZ GETS A LIFE SENTENCE DEFENDER OF CAMERON DAM IS CONVICTED BY JURY AT HAYWARD. WIFE AND SON ARE ACQUITTED First Serious Rebuff to Noted Back. woodsman In Celebrated Case Which Has Been In the Courts For Nearly Ten Years. Hayward.-John Deltz, guilty of murder in the first degree, and his wife, Mrs. Hattie Delts and his son Leslie, not guilty. Such was the ver dict of the'jury in the famous case of the Wisconsin backwoodsman. For the killing of Oscar Harp, a sheriff's deputy, for which crime he has been convicted, John Deitz was sentenced' to prisori for life, and will be in soli tary confinement one day each year, Oct. 8, the anniversary of Harp's death. Deitz announced his intention of filing an appeal, and will employ an attorney. He acted as his own at torney in the present case. Clerical Error Cause. A clerical error, the omission of a mention of a reservation of rights for the Mississippi River Logging com pany and the Chippewa Lumber and Boom company, the original owners, to maintain Cameron dam and flow the land after it had been transferred to Mrs. Cameron, is declared by many to have started the controversy which ended with the jury's verdict today. The rights of the dam and the flowage of the land has always been the con tention of John Deits on the grounds that it is located on the property which is in his wife's name and as much has been ascertained by survey ors for the lumber company. The company claimed that when the land was deeded over to Mrs. Camer on, who later sold it to Mrs. Deits, they retained the perpetual rights to the dam and flowage, but this reserva. tion was left out of the warranty deed which Mrs. Deits now holds and it is on this omission that the Deitz family base their claims to the dam. Since 1904, at which time the trouble began, when Deits refused to allow the lumber companies to send the logs over the dam, there have been ten efforts to capture. In the wholesale violence which attended these attempts one man, a deputy sheriff, met his death, three were wounded, on the one side, while with the defenders' of the property Myra Deltz was wounded in the back, Clar ence shot in the head and John Deltz wounded through the hand. The shooting of Bert Horel is an addition al outgrowth of the trouble. Lumber Held Up. The lumber piles which proved such points of vantage in the battle of last October are composed of lumber sawed from part of a drive of 6,500,000 feet which Deitz held up when the lumber companies refused him $8,000, which he claimed as his due for about 80,000,000 feet of logs which had pass ed over the dam since his wife bought the quarter section on which it is lo cated. When an injunction was issued by Judge Parish, Sheriff Peterson, in stead of personally serving it on the members of the Deitz family, mailed it, with the result that it was burned. For not doing his duty and serving the paper, Sheriff Peterson was deposed, fined and sentenced to imprisonment, but was later released from the fine and sentence. Sheriff Fred Clark during a previous term was the next officer of the law to call upon Deitz. Without papers Clark went to the cabin and tried to get Deitz to go with him to the county seat, but no attention was paid to him. Sheriff Wiliam Giblin, with William Eliot and armed posse, moved on Cameron Dam, May 10, 1904, but were met in the woods and after an ex change of shots without injury gave it up as a bad job. Valentine Weisen bach, who assisted Deitz in resisting this service, is now serving a ten-year sentence at Waupun for his complic ity. A warrant brought to the cabin by Thomas Grist, a G. A. R. man and the next sheriff, was promptly consigned to the flames. Posse In Vicinity. A posse hovered in the vicinity of he Deitz clearing for several days in 1905, but left without accomplishing mything, and later Sheriff Colon vis ted the occupants of the cabin and ac ,omplished as much. He was followed by Deputy United States Marshals Jo sas and Merklin, who were thrown out Jf the cabin bodily when they tried to serve their papers. When they were ordered from the clearing at the point of a gun Deputy Sheriff Waite Ackley and another man who were the next Famous Athlete Is Married. Lenox, Massachusetts. - Percy D. Haughton, famous as the coach of Harvard's football teams of '08, '09 and '10, and Mrs. Gwendolin Whistler Howell, a popular society woman of New York, were married today at the home of the bride's aunt, Mrs. Joseph S. Whistler, in this city. The wed ding was a brilliant affair and was attended by many Havard alumni from New York and elsewhere. There will be a large reception this evening, after which the couple will Lsave for a honeymobn In the south. legal visitors did not waste time t* fond good-byes. Then Deputy United States Marshal Pugh of Superior came and deposited on a stump some more papers which Were thrown into the Thornapple, Sheriff James Gylland, with John Rog. ish and John Heft and armed posses hired in Milwaukee and disguised in the uniforms of Wisconsin National GUardsmen, craw;led on the cabin. Rogish was shot three times and Clarence Was shot in the head. The posse left for Milwaukee just ahead of a fusillade of Delts' bullets and ahead of them was Sherif James Oyi, land. Last December in the municipal court in Hayward, John Deitz, Mrs. Deits, Leslie, Myra and Clarence were bound over for trial on charges of as. sault with intent to kill. Bert Horel Affair. Then cane the Bert Horel affair, September 6, 1910, which changed the sentiment of the community against Delts and his family.' During the pri mary election in Winter on that day, Deits was arguing with G. G. O'Hare of the school board, when Bert Horel interfered. Blows were exchanged and"` Delts was knocked in a ditch. Deltz arose and shot Horel through the neck and the shoulder. On the charge of assault with intent to kill Bert Horel, Clarence was freed last year. With the growing determination in Sawyer county to capture John DBelts at all hazards, the armed posses under command of Sheriff Mike Madden, Fred Thorbahn and Roy Van Alstyne, the latter one of Deitz' worst enemies, sur rounded the cabin and laid siege to it for three days, ending Oct. 8 on the surrender of the head of the family after he had been shot through the hand and Deputy John Harp had been killed by a bullet. A coroner's jury in Winter attrib Iuted Harp's death to John Delta, his wife and his son Leslie. Myra was in the hospital at Ashland and Clarence Deitz was in jail at Hayward, where they had been taken after they had been captured on the road to Winter one week before the fight, when they ran into an ambuscade of deputies. The members of the family appeared in the municipal court of Hayward on the various charge and were bound over to the circuit court. All were la ter released on bond. Deltz retained but one attorney, and- when his efforts to secure a change of venue had failed Deitz sever3d connection with him and took up his own defense before the law. START OF CORONATION FETES. King George Dedicates Victoria Me morial. London, England.-The presence of the German emperor and empress and their daughter, Victoria Louise, who, rumor says, is to be given in marriage to the prince of Wales, at King George's dedication of the great Vic. toria memorial, and the opening of the Festival of Empire marked the beginning of the three months' reign of merrymaking with which the Brit. ish empire will celebrate the cerona. tion of the king and queen in June incidentally putting millions of dol. lars into the pockets of British trades. men. The dedication ceremonies took place near Buckingham palace, where the great monument to the late queen overtops the Mall and rears its stately proportions high in the air, crowned by a gigantic bronze statue of Peace. A troop of the famous Life Guards preceded the open carriage of -the king and queen, then followed many more carriages bearing the prime minis ter, members of the parliament and many other persons of note. At the foot of the monument a great plat form had been erected and it was there that the actual ceremonies at. tendant upon the dedication took place. IRON SAFE BEFORE GRAND JURY. Taken From Closed Offices of Carnegie Thust Company. New York, N. Y. - A big steel safe was taken by force of law from the closed offices of the Carnegie Trust Company and hauled into the grand 1ury room at the criminal courts build. ing, where it will be examined for evi dence it may contain regarding the af fairs of the defunct institution. William J. Cummins refused to open the safe and professional safe workers were called in to open the doors. Dis trict Attorney Whitman declined to say whether papers valuable in the grand jury investigatiop had been found. Provisional Officers for Cananea. Cananea, Mexico. - The major por tion of Juan Cabrarls army moved away from Cananea, marching west ward. It is not known whether the force is headed against Hermosillo or Nogales. Cabral himself has not left Cananea. The revolutionary leaders at a meeting presided over by Judge Cabral, selected the provisional offi cers of Cananea. Berkshire Fires Out. Millers Falls, Massachusetts. - A heavy shower extinguished the forest fires which have been burning in this region. The loss is estimated at $100,000. Will Be Sentenced to ue Hanged. Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan. - It took a jury in Sault Ste Marie, Oat., but 40 minutes to find William Carroll, 65 years old, guilty of the murder of George Thibault. Carroll will be sen tenced to be hanged by Justice Brit ton. Carroll, after accusing Thibault, a much younger man, of persistently annoying him and stealing his sloth. ing, practically decapitated the young er man with an ax while the two were in the bunk house of a lumber camp, 59 miles northeast of Blind River,. Ont., on Jan. 18.