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Bntrs ot MobKriptton.
Pit Weak ,....? cts
Six MontLs 5 00
Gun Year 10.00
Three Mon'hi ... fl.85
9: Month 2 00
Ohm Year 1b Alliance 4.00
8uma on time 5.00
1"!iU paper on file at nil tli mrtual
:?wsfjaper Aencio8 in fcan Francisco
slid Eastern CUies.
t- bSo Igent, employe or otaer person
anthori.ej to coq tract bills on aocoant
cf ilxir paper, exeunt on written order ot
April S, 1SS
Parxell, the Irish agitator, ia
about to ta'ieup his residence io
The Afif$ouri Jtepublican savs the
tattle quarantine m Kansas has been
entirely removed, the disease having
no contagious features.
The 1IOU36 Judiciary Committee
reported favorably on the Senate
hill providing that disbelief in God
shall not discredit members. The
game committee reported adversely
upon bills repealing all laws which
militate against equality cf personal
rights on account of religious views
and repairing newspaper articles to
"be signed by writers.
Ocr correspondent, "Reilloc,"
whose communication we publish in
to day's issue is, we think, mistaken
In the matter of Crocker & Co. be
ing interested in the Peralta grant.
We know that such has been a very
general impression, and Reavis, in
his deposition made here some time
ago, undoubtedly labored hard to
strengthen that impression. How
ever, since his deposition was made.
en inquiry has been made directly
of the Southern Pacific people as to
their connection with the matter.
and a reply has been received from
Chas. Crocker, Jr., declaring, posi
lively, that they have connection
whatever with the matter.
Who is it that is asking for a
change or modification of the exist
ing Tariff? Not the manufactur
ers of the country, for as yet no res
quest of this kind has gone up to
Congress from any manufacturing
industry, north or south. Not the
agricultvalists, for in a Kansas
Congressional district, where the
issue was fairly raised quite recently,
it waa overwhelmingly decided
against so Btyled "Tariff Reform."
Nut the laboring masses, skilled or
unskilled, for when thry have
spoken, and that has not been sel
dom, it was to demand that there be
so further reduction of duties ex
cept on raw materials. Only the
small voice of a free-trade club, and
comrrjercial interests pure and sim
ple, pronounce in favor oi modifica
tion, which has been pushed to ils
, resent status in Congress by a po
iitical blunder. Economist.
Otsly one cf the regular appropri
ation bills the Military Academy
has passed both houses of Congress;
cud only two others the Naval and
f!i9' Postoffico have, passed the
House. The IodUn and the Pen
sion bills have been reported to the
House, an msy be taken up any day.
But neither the Sundry Civil, the
Army, nor the Legislative, Execu
tive, and1 Judicial Appropriation bill
r has yet left the hands of the Appro
1 riatisns Committee. All three of
these are very importaut measures,
and they are u.-ually even in a
''long" session out cf the House
before this stage of the session.
The Senate has not yet considered
any appropriation save that for the
Military Academy; and it is not
likely that either of those now id i
the hands ef the Senate Committee
on Appropriations can be repotted
during the present week. The mere
ft ttrcent ef this unprecedented
n elect of the public business by
ti:o House carries its own criticism
and condemnation with it. Timet.
In speaking of the canvass for
Elliott's history cf Arizona, the
Clifton Clarion says:
Mr. Elliott showed us Eomr
sketches taken in Phoenix and other
pNces in Salt river val.'ey. which
would do cedit to an older and
more advanced country than Ari
zona j prominent among, them is the
new Court-house of Maricopa
We hope that the citizens of the
Territory will learn In course of
time thai in their midst ia a section
r.f country excelled in many re-,
spiels by none in the United States.
We continually hear such expres
sions as that of the Clarion from
leople from different portions of
'lis Tenitory who come through our
va'Jey. All eld Artzoninns 'who
l;3vo not seen the valley for some
years seem to think that it still lies
here a desert waste, and that .what
tl.e Phoenix journals have to s-,y of
il is all bosh. Facts only are gien j
and we hope everybody wil! wnuie
to tf u as we arc with wJfrotd
acres cf grain field, our blooming
orchards, green alfalfa flelJa and
numerous and Vcautiful lioines.
For its time of settlement there is
probably very few section of coun
tiy in the United Stales that show
greater improvement than the Salt
The rera.Ua Gnat and the Ju
Phoesix, March 31, 1884.
Ed. Herald: It Las now been
over one mouth since the Red Bar
on's evidence was published a the
Hebaxd. "eiven in the case of
Churchill vs. Reaviu, to quiet title,
in which the title to the Peralta
Grant was involved. The Baron was
forced reluctantly, under oath, to
divulge many things that make it
conclusive that Mr. Reavis (the Red
Baron) is only a cat's-paw in the
hands of Crocker & Co., assisted by
Jim Barney and, beyond much doubt,
the Surveyor-General of the Teni-
tory, and a ring of confederates in
Tucson are also in Crocker's employ.
The sooner the people of the coun
ties interested are brought to com
prehend the fact that it is Crocker,
not Reavis they have got to contend
against the better.
It has been long enough now for
Crocker aud Birney to'have denied
Mr. Reavis' statements under oath, if
they were false; but I have heard
tell of no denial on their part, hence
the conclusion is that his statements
wero true; and this being true, the
case is clear that it is Mr. Crocker
that is bulling the job.
Mr. Crocker toid one of our citi
zens, so I have been informed, that
he had never had any conversation
with Reavis ou the subject; Mr.
Reavis testifies that he sold the right
of way of the S. P. R. R. to that
company and made the contract with
Chas. Crocker, the amount he re
ceived was over $30,000, I believe
was his evidence.
Mr. Reavis was also forced to di
vulge the fact that his principal ad
viser and agent for transmitting
money to Mrs. Willing, of St. Louis,
in payment for her dowry in the
grant, was Cha3. Crocker & Co.'s
principal legal advisor, aud that
said lawyer always used cne of the
R. R. company's financial agents
through which to transmit the pay
ments. The most important portions
of Mr. Reavis' busings transactions,
as revealed by his evide nee given in
the said case in cmpietin his chain
of titlo to the said grant has been in
connection with the C. P. R. R.
office and the employes of said orBce.
Taking into consideration the char
acter of the men at the helm of this
office, as revealed at the Coltcn trial,
the fiYatiog of a Spanish grant bo as
to gobble up the Salt aud Gila val
leys, which would be worth more
than either of their railroads, would
be entirely io, their line of business,
and the quicker the settlers living
on said grant commence to take
means to expose the fraud the better
But how is U to be done?
Very fortunately, as the writer of
this thinks, Senator Bayard and some
others in the U. S. Senate have got
through the Senate a biil which is
now pending in the House, and has'
been favorably reported tn by the
House committee to which it was re
ferred, and it will undoubtedly be
come a law, sending all the Mexican
grants to the States and Territories
in which they are situated to be set
tled in the courts. I differ from
many in the opinion that this is a
trick of the grantees; 1 should rather
conclude that it will become a law
in spite of the influence of Crocker
& Co. This sends the cuse to be sets
lied among the parlies that are in
terested; this gives us a chance to
expose the fraud in our own courts
piovided we so wish it, and can get
a legislature sufficiently unpurchas
able to pass a biil creating a Terri
torial judiciary, the judges of which
will bo elective by the vo.ers c f the
This is too important to be left to
a court that may be appointed
through the influence of our ece-.
mies. We have sufficient lecal tal
ent in the Territory, assisted by one
or two good lawyers in old Mexico,
to work up the case there, to expose
the fraud; Reilxoc.
The H. S. Convention.
The first convention of Sabbath
echool workers in the Territory be
gins to night at the Methodist Epis
cop? church. A free exhibition of
beautiful views with a sciopticon
will be given by Rev. G. H. Adams
The pictures will consist of biblical
representations of the principal
events recorded in both the old and
new testaments, also copies of re
marknble pictures by the old masters
b the "Ecce Homo," by Gui.lo and
the "Madonna" by Carlo Dolcl.
These beautiful colored pictures
Wll be followed by a miscellaneou
exhibition of statuary, etc., all of
which will be highly entertaining
The convention will be called to
order to-morrow morning by Col
Christy and the regular business
will then be proceeded with and per
manent organization effected. We
are ghid tbis first session of the Con
vention meet3 in our city and we
welcome all the delegates from
abroad who may favor u with their
presence. We -are also glad that the
wide awake Sunday School workers
of Arizona are bringing our Terri
tory to the front in this good work.
Arizona is not a "heathen country"
by any means.
A correspondent of the Enterprise,
writing from Eagle City, says: "The
Ooeur cI'Alene liar is the boss liar of
the western world. The Arizona
liar, the Colorado liar, the New
Mexican liar, nor yet the Nevada
liar cannot stand before the Ccour
d'Alene liar half a round. He has
the cola, hard cheek or a marble
mule, and the eye of a basilisk.
When he goes for Hie poor pilgrim,
it is equal to a stroke tf paralysis."
How Die Murderers - Died.
They all Die Pretesting Their
laneceuco ef 31 order.
Keck lean iu Life They
Death the same.
On Friday last John Kelley, Tex
Howard, Wm. Delaney, O. W. Sam?
pie and Daniel Dowd, the gang of
men who committed one of the
most atrocious deeds X)f robbery and
murder in the annals of the Terri
toiy, expiitiated their crime on the
gallows. We give the following ac
count of the fringing taken frou
the Tombstone Republican of Satur
day last :
HOW THE LAST SIGHT WAS PASSED.
; The prisoners last evening regaled
themselves with a hearty supr er of
oysters and other delicacies.furoish
ed by the sheriff. A Repvblican re
porter visited the jail at midnight
and found the duorued men restless
and uneasy, being unable to sleep,
which they attributed to the hearty
supper eaten, the remainder ot the
remainder cf the Eight was patsefi
la a similar manner, the lionvr of
their situation evidently being fully
realized, and only occasional, v re
lieved by shoit'period-i of disturbed
slumber. This morning
. AT AX EATtLY HOUU
Will Baron, wi'.h his shaving ulen'-
sils, was admitt'.'il to the jail, ami
the prisoners were submitted lo hi-.
tonsbrial manipulations. Tnty
were then dressed in neat suits of
black, furnished for the orcasion by
Sheriff Ward. As they were being
attired in their grave clothes, an oc
casional grim joke at the appearance
of some of their comrades was in
dulged in by the bandits . The re V'
erend fathers and .Mi s Nellie Cash'
man were in constant attendance,
and the forenoon gradually wore
away, me prisoners bearing up
bravely, and conversing 'ipou ordi
nary topics with the greatest ron
chalancc. At the request cf ihe
prisoners the death wairant was
read in the cell by Sherifl Ward,
and was listened lo attentively by
the unfortunate rat n. The reading
was commenced in a cleur, firm
voice, out when that portion was
reached cotumaudisg him to han
until thev were dead the listening
men standing before hiui, it is no
discredit to our sheriff lo say that
his voice became tremulous and
husky wi'.h emotion. The reading
was finished at 13:55, when the
sheriff said :
"Boys, you have requested the
privilege of goins to the scaffold
free from straps and manacles. This
privilege I grant you. but each of
you will be taken by the arm by an
'I'd rather bo strapped than pack-
up to the sctiffold," said Sample.
"So would I," echoed the other
The sheriff assured them that they
woulk be al.owed to walk from the
jail to the donth trap free and un
rammeled, after which some htrong
coffee was served, stronger stimu
lants being refused.
THE CRIME EXPATIATED,
Over 500 tickets of admission to
the jail yard to witness the execu
tion were issued by Sherifl Ward,
and they were nearly all represent
ed." The gate to the, jail yaid was
thrown open at 12 o'clock, and in a
few minutes the waiting multitude
was ininside the yard At exactly
1 :10 the funeral procession emerged
from the jail in the following order:
Sheriff Ward, Rev. Fathers Galla
gher and Jovenceau, Oruer W. Sam
ple, alias "lit d," escorted by Sheriff
Paul.of Pima county; Jas. Howard,
alias "Tex," etcorted by Wallace
Corbctl; Daniel Dowd, alias "Big
Dan," escorted by Deputy Sheriff
Eob Hatch; W.E. Delaney and D.;p
uty Sheriff Crowley, of Wilcox;
Daniel Kelley, alias "Yorkey," and
Deputy Sheriff Fred Ward. The
procession moved from the jail door
to the foot of the gal.'ows, and the
cine steps leading to the rlatform
were ascended in silence, the prison,
ers marching to their doom with
light springy steps, their coun
tenances beaming wilh smiles.
Five chairs were awaiting their re
ception, and after being seated the
broad brimed sombreros ilh which
DOOMED ASD DARISG BUSTLERS
were wont to shield themselves from
the inclemencies of the weather
while scouriug tho mountains and
mess, were qulckiy exchanged for
the hoirible black caps. The pris
oners glanced amiously around,
first at the crowd surrounding them
and then at tho dangling nooses and
other ghastly paraphernalia which
were to be the means of their death.
Delanty, Kelly and Sample recog
nized familiar faces in the crowd
and shouted out cheerily, "Good
bye." A series of hand shakintrs
followed bttween the men standing
on the veiy threshold of death and'
the attending officers and priests
after which their arms and legs
were quickly strapped, when Sheriff
Ward said :
"Stand up, boys "
The five men arose as with one ac
cord, and the chairs were removed
from the trap on which they had
been resting. Sample, who occu
pied the west end of the scaffold
then said, in a loud and firm tone of
Gentlemen, before I die I wish
to say a few words. I die innocent
of the murders and robbery commit
ted at Bisbee on the 8th of Decem
ber last, and, so far as I know, John
Heith had nothing whatever to do
with the affair. He never put up
any such job with me. I die in a
firm belief in the Catholic church.
and request a Christian burial."
Howard, Dowd, Delaney and Kel
ly protested lo the same nTanner.
In response to a question from
Sheriff Ward if they had anything
more to say they all answered "no."
The nooses were then adjusted to
their necks by the attending officials
the priests in the meanwhile whis-
pi ring words of consolation in the
cars of the doomed murderers, who
a..h and al I stood firm as adamant
throughout tb.e trying ordeal. I
"Ibis Js a" regular choking niav
chine," remarked Dowd, as the rope
was. being placed around-his neck,
and the result showed that he spoke
only too truly. The caps were then
pulled down over their faces, and the
noose tightenad. "Let her go," said
Kelley, in a muffled voice. At pre
cisely 1:18 Sheriff Ward, will) a
quick movement, cut the cord by
which a 250-pound weight was sus
pended, the ponderous trap fell wi'.h
a "swish" akd a resounding bang
as it struck the framework of the
scaffold. The five stalwait forms
shot suddenly downward, and when
;hc lopes became ttut the frame
work quivtrtd with the descending
weight, while every joint in tue tim
bers creaked mournfully. The sus
pended foims Dever moved a inu-cle
after the fatal d.op, except Dowd's
legs were drawn up convulsively
several :imes, and his whole body
was fehaken as with the mortal
agony of suffocation.' The bodies
were aliowtd to hung 39 minutes,
whvD, being pronounced dead by
'.he utlei ding phjsiciai.s, they were
cut down and put in neat but plain
cofli.is. Ti e physicians viewed the
bodies, and concluded that wilh the
exception of Sample, the necks of
the rxtcultd felons hud not been
Benooa lo be the J!a lroad leotre
of Arizona l'orritory.
Surveyors on the Atchison, To
peka and Santa Fe railroad were at
work the latter part of last wet-k
locating the road from the compa
ny's depot at this place along the
rivee northward. The rond will run
down the river for a distance of 13
miles aud then tuin east and through
the Yellowstone district (Little
Dragi'Oui) to the Sulphur Springs
vallev, probably at a point near
what is known as the Point of
Mountain. The course from there
to the Gila we have not learned:
however, the couulry thence is not
of a character to retard their opera
tions. The pass through the Yel
lowstone district is a better one than
they expected to flud, aud in a mat
ter of considerable satisfaction.
How soon work at this end will be
commenced has not yl been deter
mined upon ; however, the company
have now in their yard here all the
mccssary material for the construc
tion of 47 miles of road, so it can
he pushed ahead at a moment's no
lice. Orders have already been re
ceived here for the erection of a c0
stall round house, to be made of
tone the largest in this Territory
or New Mexico, or perhaps any
other point this Eide of headquar
ters Work on tho Socorro end of
this road is being pushed ahead un
der several contracts, and track is
being laid as last us the grading will
Ai.olher road that we are to have
is what is known as the Mineral
Belt read. It was tor a while inti
mated that the company would not
carry out their oiiginal intentions
with this ro d Lut the idea was
without foundation ; and now comes
ihe 3'eui York Indicator, a ncwspn
pei devoted piiccipally to tailroads,
"It is now settled that a road will
be built from Flagstaff, on Ihe A &
P., through Globe district, Arizona,
southeast to the junction of ti.e
Southern Pacific and Si nora divis
ion of the A- T. & S. F. at Benson,
about 250 miles.
The next movement, without a
dox-bt will be the extension of the
Southern Pacific from the Needles
to Benson, which would traverse the
veiy heart of the most productive
portion of Arizona. Beiuon Heraic
Tho Washington Critic, March 13,
and referring to the appointment of
Judge Fitzgerald, says:
"General W. F. Fitz rcruM, of
Mississippi, who was recently n. rui
nated by the President and confirm
ed by the Senate as an Associate Jus
tice of the Supreme Court of Arizo
na, is one of the noblest specimens
of manhood to be found in the coun
try. He is as gentle as a child, and
as fearless, when need be, as a lion.
His friend, General P. M. G. Turner,
the eagle orator of Tennessee, spe.iks
thus of General Fitsgerald in his
sprightly paper, the Evening Sciim
er, of Memphis: "President Arthur
liws sent to the United Stctes Seaale,
for confirmation or rejection, the
name of Attorney General William
F. Fitzgerald, of Vicksburg, Mis
sississippi, to be the Associate Jus
tice of the Supreme Court of Ari
zona. General Fitzgerald is an al le .
lawj er, a fearless and sagacious ene
my of the bourbon, bulldozing, cle
ment that have held sway in certain
portions of Mississippi fir several
yeurs. Having known General Fitz
gerald from his boyhood, the editor
of the Scimeter has no hesitation in
saying that President Arthur will
never have reason to regret the ap
pointment. William F. Fitzgerald
will prove himself capable, honest
Of the nearly 300,000 patents
which have been iosued by the gov
crnment, as shown by a table pre
pared by Commissioner Butterworlh
lo be read at the inventors' meeting
at Cincinnati, 10,204 have been for
metal -working machines, 8,238 for
stoves and furnaces, 6 505 for rail
way cars, 6,740 for mills and thresh
ing machines, lfl.OOG for harvesters.
6,686 for plows, 5,876 for applica
tions of electricity, 5,000 for boots
and shoes, 5,111 for steam engines,
5,254 fer lamp3 and gas fixtures,
4,993 for laundry, 5,308 for for seed
ing and planters, 3,504 for railways,
2,417 for wearing apparel, 2,429 tor
dairy utensils, 2,888 for fences, 2,418
for metallurgy. 2,453 for brds, 3,150
for pumps, 3,769 for water distrib
utors. Corset patterns have been
969 limes patented; 75-3 machines
for knitting, 734 nut and bolt locks,
1,219 methods for tanning hides, 884
fire-escapes, 500 artesian wells, 440
bread and cracker machines, 1,581
chairs, 405 vegetable cutters, 567 fire
enginjs, and on through a long list
Catchins Ostriches In the Desert
A striking difference exists be
tween the ccrrnled and farmed os
triches and those running over the
African deserts, inasmuch as the
latter never fight. Dr. Sketchley
hunted for nine months in the des
ert. The birds have to be hunted
scientifically. Certain facts are
known, one being that the birds
w-ill always run in a semicircle.
First they will run with the wind
that they ma ue their wings to
help them. After they get what a
ailor would call "a head wiud,"
they go around ihe other way.
Tney miiet be ruu down. One hoise
cannot "wind" them. The great
trouble is to keep them in sisht.
They will run forty miles on a
siriteh. If they ever get a breath
ing f Dell they will getaway. The
hunter starts out with a fresh horse.
A Bushman boy rides another and
As soon as it is seen which way
the bird w ill run, tho boy takes h's
cue and drives lo where he thinks
the hunter will need the fresh horse.
In the mean time the ostrich, tingled
out for the chase, and the hnnier are
speeding along like the winl, the
Iutter straininir every nerve to keep
iu sight of the bird, and the bird
making its most piodigious strides
for freedom. A great deal now dc
pends on the But-hrnan boy's judg
ment, iu huvi.iir the fresh iioise at
the right place that no lime may be
wasted. It is seldom that the boy
makes a mistake. Tho hunter leaps
on Ihe fresh horse and gnis:S on the
bird, which, growing tired, goes
more and more awkward!'. The
hunter hns only, when he catches it,
to rap il on ihe head wilh his hunt
ing whip and the chase is over
There are really only two kinds of
osiriches, the Noith African and
South African b:ids. The males
are blick and ihe females drab. All
are of one color, drab, until they are
two years old, 4?. F. Bulletin.
A Ki!iaotOD8 t ory.nl.
Bret Harte is United States O ousul
at Glasgow. He is also n kumorist.
In his latter capacity he sent a letter
to th3 Secretary of Slate asking to be
informed, ia his former capacity, as
to the views of the Department con
cerning the definition io be given to
the phrase "at the last port r place
whence expniUd to the . United
States." The joke worked admira
bly. The head of the State Depart
ment found the problem too deep
and transmitted Mr. Harte's letter to
the Treasury Department. Secretary
Folger wrestled with Ihe que tion
and use about 400 sheets of foolscap
in replying that "the last port"
meant the last pott. Then an ap
praiser at Philadelphia got mixed
u p in the joke, and Secretary French
wrote him a long letter explaining
that ihe form of t xpresston "last port
or place'' was u.-ed so its to tiialiu
guUh the last port or place of ship
ment from any i rior port or place
from which it inight be shippud.
From forty to fifty degrees is Ihe
temperature for a bee cel'.ar in win
A local option dogIaw was passed
at the last session of the Georgia
A California farmer makes the
statement tht grapes will fatten
pork faster than any other known
The heaviest receipts i f sheep in
one day ever kno.vu in Chicago,
were penned recently, the total
reaching 7,983 head.
rilieen should have their sheds or
slabies with good, rooiyy j-ards
opiniug otf, shiltered by liht,
close hedges, tiaht board fences or
properly constructed straw ricks.
French shepherds claim that salt
dissolved in water and sprinkled
over the rations of sheep gives them
aa increased relish for their forage,
and contributes to their health.
Sheep husbandry does admirably
in Virginia, and rarely fail- to pa3
a profit of as much as 100 per cent
when tne farm grazed is large and
the flock proportionately small.
Eleven years ago the first cream
ery iu Iowa was started at Man
chester. Now Delaware county
heads the list wilh seventy, aud
there is rot a county in the State
without at least one
According to the figures of the
Anricultuial Department, the aver
age yield cf wheat per acre iu the
United Stales in 1853 was 11.5 bush
els per acre, and of core, 22.7 bush
els per acre.
Live pear trees are recommended
as po.is for barbed w ire fence, on
the ground that the pear tree is very
long lived, and the iron which
would become imbedded iu the
trunk would be beneficial to the tree.
The experiment of feeding sor
ghum seeds to hogs was tried last
year in Mahaska county. Iowa. The
Oskaloosa Herald reports that it has
a value equal to sound corn, bu.-hel
for bushel. The yield per acre is
astonishing, avei aging, on a good
crop, no less than thirty bushels per
The transmission of sounds along
the Grand Canyon of the Colorado
lias for years been a matter of sur
prise to the prospectors and miners
who frequent at intervals the iso
lated sections. Since the advent of
the A. & F. R. R. to the Colorado
river, there is a basis to form some
idea of how far sounds are trans
mitted between the walls of the
chasm. A train of cars crossing the
bridge at Ths Needles can bo plainly
heard on a quiet day at Cottonwood
Island, a distance of eighty-four
miles. The fife and drum at Fort
Mohave is distinctly beard at Bull's
Head, a distance of eighty miles.
The report of the sunrise gun at
Fort Mohave can be heard at El
dorado Canyon, a distance of ninety
six miles. Qli-impion.
When Sasar Was Invented.
The Household gives the following
little history of sugar : -
The exact date of the invention of
sugar is lost in the mist of fable.
However, sugar is said to have been
known to the Chinese 3,000 years
ago, and there is not much doubt
that the manufacture of the article
was carried on under the Tsin dy
nasty, 200 years before Christ. A
strong claim for priority hs been
made for India. Probably the Hin
doos learned the art from the Chi
nese, and from India the knowledge
was carried further west.
Three hundred aud twenty-five
years before Christ, Alexander sent
Neaichus with a large fleet down
the Indus to explore the adjacent
countries. When that officer return
ed from his expedition, he bionghl
to Greece an account of honey (su
gar) which the Asiatics made from
cane, without any assistance fiorn
tecs. This was tho earliest idea the
western nations had of sugar, the
Jews, Egyptian?, Babylonians and
Greeks knowing nothing of its use.
As late us A. D 150 sjgar was pre
scribed by Galen, ihe famous p) y-
sirian, as a medicine.
Before the discovery of America,
migar was a costly luxury, used only
on raie occasions. During the Wars
of the Roses, about 1-155. Margaret
Paston, wife of a wealthy country
gentleman cf Norfo'.k, nrute lo I.er
husland begging that he would
"vouchsafe" lo send her a pound of
sugar. As late as the 3-ear 1700 i-U
England consumed only 20,000,000
pounds in the course of the year, but
ni.ee, the consumption lias g really
increased, 20,000,000 hutched weight
now being used by the English
The process of refining sugar was
not known in England previous to
1659. That was probub'y a;i inven
tion ef the Arabs. A Venetian mer
chant learned the secret from the
Saracens of Sicily, and sold the art
for 100,000 crowns.
We understand that a fellow call
ing himself "Wentworlh" is travel
ing about the country representing
himself as working for the Herald
and imposing upon the settlers in
various localities by endeavoring 10
beat his way, etc. We have author
ized no such part to travel for us
We know no one by that name. Our
traveling attaches can a". ways show
their credentials and will alwa3s pay
their way. We hope no one wiil
allow himself to be imposed upon by
the paity named.
This powder never varies. A marvel
strength, purity and whol somenese
More economical thnn the ordinary kinds
and cannot sld in competition with
tt.e mu.tiinde of lew tea;, short weight
aium or phosphate p wd rs. Sold tnly ia
KOYAL BAKING POWDER CO.,
ap5-lyw 106 Wall St., New York,
Thekidoos ac as puriflers of the blood
and when their funcuona are inti rfered
with throiith weaknei-s. thfv netil loninc.
The . become heaithfully active by the uye
of Hoetotier's Stomach Bitter-., when fnil
JirjT short of relief from other pources.
Thi superb f-trmu ati tonic alsu prt-
Tents and arrests lever ana ague, consti
pation, liver complaint, dyenei-piu, ill n
matiBm, aud other ailments L'ie it with
For gale by all DmggUta andDeaic s
Eiist Washington St , adjoining the
STROUD &SGIT, Props-
I wish to inform all of my friew's
aud the public generally, that I have
opened a first class Livery and Feed
Stable in Phoenix, and solicit
share of their patronage.
Anything in the Liverd
Stable Line can be founX
By the day, -week or month, and
en Garetul Attention.
HOUSE of thre rooms and porch,
wilh FCreen tloors. shutters nn
firerjiace. Innnire of Mm. M f.lintock.
torucr l'mal aud Jefferson streets.
i ivEBYj Feed
Livery and Feed
Washington Street, Below th
JOS. L. B. ALEXANDER. Prop.
Jos. Dtiw, Manager.
First-Glass Teams and Iiigs of
all Kinds Supplied to Order.
GOOD SADDLE HORSES
ESrThe Tery Beet Attention Give
boarding and Trabsi nt Stock-
iTR8. S.J. CCi-.TIS.
31 e. C. P. Fonc
ftjdeirig tJnrtig Ford,
Corner Rocm Lemon Hcuse,
East Wsshing'.on St.,
Dress Making and Cut
tinsr at Keasonalde Bates
RDKK BV FILLED
bewii it Machico Needle?, all kinds.
per d' zen 50c
Shuttles for Family Singer, each (1.C0
Sliurtles for other .Machines, eucn.... 1.50
1 And 3 cent Mt&niDf taken
U I'ere we have no stents, we wii I retail
Mac-antes a rc-ctly I om onr Tacpon t ranch
X'orr spon deuce solicited ft cm panics
wish me to uurcnase.
Icmmhftr, it i no cxosrlment to buy a
uenume MiiL'fr. .-iaarest
Till: LKt5IA.VF CO.
TucHon; A. T.
Proposals for Military Sup
IlEAUtiUARTERM PfPaKTM EKT OF A KIZOH
umce tin ! ij.miiei-maeifr.
Whipple Uixrracktf, Frescor1, A T., ,
Apri. 1, !
SEALED PROPOSALS, ir triplicate.
f ubj.-it to iht1 usual Condition:. w ill be re-
ceiv a u: 'litu oinue mini is o clocic, noon
on Wednepilay. April SO. IN-, at
which time and place thev will be one:.ed
in tle prf-ser-cu of bidcl tn, for ftirnish-
ina btid delivery of Ai liitarj- SuppJi sn
dun eg 'ho u&cal veur cnimencliur on
tho 1st dav of July, 38S4, and encHrifr
or iroijUiBcny oi .ine, lo.jo, m eacn oi
the following nil nary poss and stations:
Foit Aiccho, Fort Eowie, Fo-t Grant,
Fort flui'clmci!. Fort Lowell, F rt Mc-
D:jwJ1, tort moj.-iW, San Carlos. Fort
Tiionias, Bort Verde, and Whipple Depot,
Proposals will al?o bo received at the
Fame lime by ihe Qnattrmaier fit each
of tbe above iniinfd posts, ixccpt WhiD
ple Depf;t, A , T.. for furnhiiiij the &up
plii'g required by that post o lt.
Proposals wiJ also be received at the
ifflce of the . hi f Quartermaster of ihe
Departu;e; t and cpr.ed at the same lime
wih the fort gainLr. for the delivery on the
cars of the is. P. R. 12., at between Lib
Angeios and Coitor, C'pI., of such quanti
ties of gr..iu and hydroetatic-pressed,
baled Barley J'av and' st raw as mav be
required durin; iha fiscal year commenc
intr July 1, 18-4.
) rt f rence Eiven to articles of domestic
prortnetion ar;d maniif-icture, conditions
of price and quality ii igr equal, and mirh
preference given to articlt s of American
production ttnd manufacture produced un
the Pacific Coast to the extent of the con
sumption required by the public service
Pn-posa ia for either c'as of tho stores
mentioned or for quantities lers than the
whole required, will he received. The
Government repetv s the riht torO-Ct
any er all proposals, or to accept any
proposal lor a les quantity thn ihe
total bid lor.
Blank proposals and printed cir
culars stating the kind ol supplies and
estimated quantities required at each post
and giving full insi uc ions as to the
manr.cr cf bidd.ng, amount of guarantee
to accompany t-roposals. conditions to be
observed by bidders, and terms of con
tract and payment, will be furnished on
application to this office or to the Quar
termasters at the various posts named.
.Envelopes containing proposals should
be marked '-proposals for tt " an-j
addrest-ed to the ni d-rsignd or to the
respective post Quartet matteis
A J. McGONNIGtfi,
Quartermaster U S. A.,
Ctd Chief Quartermaster.
Notice for Publication.
Preemption ?o. 279.
Llfo Officb at TursoT, A. T., i
March 21, 1-81. (
"VTOTICE hereby given that the fol-
lowing nam--d seuh-r ha filed no
tice of his intention to make final proot
in support of his claim, and that said
prooi will be made beforo Hon.D. H. Pin
ney, Ju.ige of Seeond Judicial District
Court, nt his Chambers in Phoenix, Ta i
copa County. Arizona, on April 30,
viz: U.'o. SS. Collins, of Phoenix, Marico
pa county, Arizona, for the n - H of fee
33, tp 1 n, r 2 e, O & 8KB AM, and names
the followina af bis wit ess-s, viztliiiana
J. Scott, Jos ph Monihon, Henry K. SIos-
Fcr, and Mathew Atorreli. all of Phoenix.
Arizona. BttN -M. THOMAS,
Keg is ter.
First publication March 27, 19&I. &w
Plans and Sx"ecilications Fur
nished. Estimates Made on All Kinds
Residence northwest corner of Adams
and Muricopa streets loeais. Arizona .
I I I Ukf W Wllltl
Transfer ail Lecal
Leave orders at Wells, Fargo
& Cos office.
Phoenix, - - Arizona.1
FAMILY LinUDR STDRJ
128 Washington St.,
Opp. Post Office, Phconix, A. T.
Pure and Unadulterated Wines and Liters. .
The only liquor house in Phoenix that carries a
large stock EXCLUSIVELY for
Famils and frledlcinal Purposes.
1 ego. 11
SOLE AGENT FOR
Daraiana Bitters, African Stomach Bitters,. Sunny
Side Vineyard Pure Old Sonoma Wines,
Miller's Extra Old Bourbon, Rock-
spiing Sour Mash Old
J. M. MONTANO,.-Proprietor.
A"! CORNER LOT uear Citr l'lazi,
W ami iori-e pnuip. stable aivl ant builrtmas, in the city of PUoenix.
OSJS FRAME DWKtLi.VU HOUSE .. lcli live rooms and bth room, djoloig tba f
above described property.
ONELAR3B ADOBE WAREHOUSE centrally Ucatsd. Lot 40x137 f.et, In ti
CHJ Of Pil' Cnix.
' t ' " 101 u this ruwa ur KAKicufA, on He lluo or th Southern Paf
QSEBOUSEASDLOT IS TEE TOUTN OS TE1IP3, Maricopi coaaty, Arizona
. For further portlcnlnra inquire nf
VJFil. B HOOPER & CO., Plioonix or Tucson. A.. T.
FIRST DOOR EAST BANK EXCHANGE HOTEL.
The BEST the market affords, cooked and served
to order at al! hours. -.
0URX00KS ARE THE BEST m THEIR
LINE OF BUSINESS-
CUR KITCHEN AND PANTRY 0FEN. TO PUELiC
Board per week $7.00.
We have just received the Latest Improved ROLLER MILL
and Grain CLEANER Combined, and we are now prepared to
furnish a First Class Article of ROLLED Barley at tf:e Low
est Market Jrrice.
CUSTOM WORK done at
ivered to all parts of the City
Office and Warehouse at J.Y. T.
Have Just BeceM a Full SM of
Every Article Fresh and Pure.v
The ffYm will devote oil their time to FAMILY TRADE exclusively and.
will make the taking and delivering of orders to
families their especial business.
Among the many novettics in our stock we will mention
Frefervcd Fruits (in plus) put up by the Onida Commtinit v. in X. w York
Stiite, Oystalized Fruits, Home Madi- Candies. Fresh Fig French
Prunes, all kinds of Lunch Goods. Fi- and Oranice Marmtlnde (in
stone jars), (Jenuine Importer! Ficreh bnrtltniR, Java aud
fiiocha Coffees roasted and ground to order daily Can
vassed Bscon, Imported Olive Oil, Dupee'g Ch ca-o
Hams, The Armour Packing Oo's Goods Due'"
Ham, Tongue, etc., English Hcrrin.', all '
kinds cf Crackers, etc.
In connection With Our Groceries
akery wi.l be s dd and delivered as formerly.
kj.lp aqd polled BaflBj-fop gele in :aqj quantit j
For Sale or Trade-
O f ACRES OF LAND situated six
miles west of rhnt-nix nn Ih.
Oila liend r .ail W'e'l imnrovprt nnt a
i:oe.l well of water. Inq iire on llie prum-
S"s- E. KELLY.
Jlurch27, 18S4. tf
ALL r-BR-ONS indebied to W. F.
McNultv. Wilt Dleufe cull nd fOtllA
such indebtedness wi:h -.he undersigned,
so as to avoid costs. Suit will bo cmn
menced immediately against parties not
March S4. ii
. HOOFER & GO.,
with larso bric'i tnre the-eoa : good we 1)
.Singln mealB 30 cts.
OfEIe;nl hutches fur travelers n spccinlfw
2fVirjes, Liquors ai'd Cigars serve.) px!r;
ALFAED CHAULBBOIS', -Prop.
KETA1L DEALERS IN
Reasonable Hates. Barley D-
FREE OF CHARGE. .
i mith's MILL, Phoenix, Arizona.
nil ,..A ...:. tii.'.
W. P. BRITTOM
Corner Maricopa and A darns street
Any work entrusted to mi will
receive prompt attention, and I
done in a sjpbslautial and mjchauicul
Plans and SpeciflcaUcn