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.. . !?5? NEW SERIES- VOL XI. NO 49, PHCENIX, MARICOPA COUNTY, ARIZONA TERRITORY, THURSDAY. DECEMBER 25; 1384. WHOLE NO. IS 4r. WEEKLY HEEALD The Irish World calls Hugh Mc Cullocli the "evil genius of the Treasury." True fire-losses in the United States and Canada for November, says an exchange, amounts to $8,000,000. The general opinion on the Span 'prcuiy is. that it is all one sided and that Spain has by far the best end of the business. The Western Union has not only cut off a chance for its employees to eirn extra wages, but it has ordered half an hour to the length of their days labor. A correspondent or the Star says an attempt will be made to fill the Territorial offices by Democrats from the east after the fourth of March next. President Abthuk is meeting with heavy opposition to his sena torial ambition in New York, hence il is announced that he is out of the race for the present. The railroad company charges exactly the same rates from Los Angeles to Tur.son, Benson and Wilcox; a difference in distance of nearly a hundred mile--. We hear whispers that a large and important slice of Yavapai coun ty will be demanded by one of the adjoining counties at the session of the legislature this winter. The Citizen says that II, B. Clif ford, a whilom mining engineer of these parts, is likely to represent the United States diplomatically in Mexico after the foruth of March. The Territory should build a few bridges wiUiin itsbordurs,.or assist in buildingtAhem.; There is nothing it could do-Jhat ; would be of greater benefit to a large body of its iababi :tants. An Albuquerque- exebaugo says: "The Albuquerque Soap Factory is an institution amonji3 that should .receive a liberal patronage." The editor must think that Albuquerque is the great unwashed. Texas is endeavoring te prevent the circulation jfjthe, Police Gazette and like obscene Inerature, by legis lation. A law has-lTwien in force for some time but 5s '.partially circum vented by the railroads, j .., . An extensive lock -but 4s threat ened in the coal j-ogions of Pittsburg, Pa. It seems the men demand half a cent more per bushul for mining, and the proprietors declare they will shut down rather lhaii pay it. . The Miner -parns ' those seeking legislative clerkships that it does not pay only ..four doHara per day with cost of living at two dollars per day and incidental and traveling expenses out of the- remainder. The regular rates on freight froiii San Francisco to Deming is 50 cents er 100 pounds, ann ine lesuu is a boom in business in that locality quite unexpected and surprising. We sigh forrelief in that same di rection in our valley. Sam'Purdy, in a card, announces that he has no intention to "chaw up" the War Horse of the Huachus cas. In fact 8am rather thinks he may need W,ardweil's assistance and protection this : winter and will not let personal matters subvert his duty to the jublic . j- '.' ...'A The President, "the Secretary of the Treasury and the Comptroller of the Cnrrency unite m recommending the suspenstfm'of in e 'coinage-of Hte silver dollar: : - Our legislature, if it is true to tlftf interests ;of ihij people of the Territory, will menioralizc Congress in strongtcrms for the con tinuance of silver coinage. Bko Rkfpy of the Epitaph is to be the under sheriff of Cochise county for the next two years, , The remainder ,f the fraterniiy in the Territory is "also likely to be em-, ployed t considerable portion of the lime about the sheiiff's office though not exactly in the- capacity of 'under sheriff THIKE is extensive fi ui.iug N chanties concerning Utah, Nevada and Arizona,- on the advent f the new Congress. Various propositions hevc been made of uniting-ccrUiu sections of certain territories and again of dividing , up of ., the State of Nevada and portioning it off to sur rotihdibg Territories. RAILKO.AI) J)ISCItIMI.A-TIOS, The merchants and farmers of our valley are not complaining particu larly of excessive railroad rates, considered in the abstract, but they do complain most bitterly of what is most c. early a most unjust diserrnii nalion in rates, a matter that gives our business men no chance what ever in competition with California business men. Iu verification of this assertion we have secured, from entirely trustworthy and autheutic source?, the following tacts and figures which show for themselves how the matter complained of stands. Take for instance a carload of flour, 20,000 pounds; the actual Height charged on it from Los Angeles to Tucson is f 164, or 82 cents per 100 pounds ; the distance is 496 miles, which makes the rate a frac tion over 1.G5 mills per 100 pounds per mile. For the same carload the railroad company's charges from Maricopa to Tucson are $80, or 40 cents per 100 pounds; the distance is 91 miles, which makes the rate a fraction less jthat 4.4 mill s per 100 pounds per mile. To put the above rates in rouud numbers aruFplnIn terms the business men of this valley pay very nearly four times as much for hauling 100' pounds one mile over the railroad . as Los Angeles men do, which, in itself, is sufficient to establish the original proposition. But we extend the illustration by a statement of further facts, which, with the- above, we tabulate for the sake of convenience of comparisonj making, as before, a carload of flour of 20,000 pounds the basis of the calculation : Los Angeles to Tucson : Distance 496 miles; rate per 100 lbs., 82 cents, or 1.63 mills per 100 lbs. per mile. Maricopa to Tucson: Distance '91 miles; rate per 108 lbs-., 40 cents, or 4.4 mills per 100 lbs. per milti. Los Angeles to lienson : Ditance,T543 mi!est rate per 100 lbs., 83 cents, or 1.5 mills per 100 -lbs per mile- ."' Maricopa to Benson : '-Distance '137 miles; rate per 100 lbs., 55 cents, or 4,01 mills per 100 lbs. per mile. - ' Los Angeles to Wilcox: Distance 582 miles; rale per 100 lbs., 82 cents, or 1.4 mills per 100 lbs. per mile. Maricopa to Wilcox: Distance 177 ni lies ; rate per 100 lbs., 60 cents, or 3.4 mills per 100 lbs. per mile . " These illustrations might be" ex tended still further and applied to grain and hay, in which cases it would appear that the discrimina tion is yet more grinding than in the case of flour. Furthermore, if the rates from Maricopa to Yuma and Los Angeles to Yuma were com pared they would show still greater discrimination, which practically shuts out our produce entirely in that direction. Again, we have shown that the rate from Maricopa to Tucson, per 100 pounds, is 40 cents by the carload; from Tucson to Maricopa the rate is 10 (ten) cents per 100 pounds in any sized cargoes. These are facts, which any of our business men who ship over the road will verify . And yet, if a merchant should ap- -ply to any of the freight agents along the road in Arizona er at Los Ange les for a rate on flour from Lcs Angeles to Tu son, he would be informed that it is $ 1.25 per 100 pounds; such, however, is not the fact, as we can show by indisputable evidence. ' Again, the argument - is put for ward, in support of these unjust rates, that 'freight cannot be "moved at the same rates, or n nearly the same rates, for rbort distances as for ong - distances on account ""of the comparative increase of handling. How thi9 can '-enter into the consid eration- it-' Is difficult to understand. for it a well-known fact that the shipper fs obliged to load his goods onto the cur,s and the ; consignee re moves them from, the ame without cost, in either .case, o the - rail-road company . They furnish no help iur either case; they are at no expense, and,, on the average, their rolling stock is standing still longcr-and hence less wear and tear and no risk. . : ".'"'.' " ; In view ' of theser facts there can certainly b&uo good reason" why one man. should be compelled to pay three or -four times 'as much for the same service as another man, orwhy one section of tho country,- depend ing on a railroad for transportation, should be entirely shut out from a market in oider to favor another section. There might be special, speculative reasons forsuch a course, but when any man or company" re sorts to such pernicious practices, such greatinjustice to a portion of the community,' it is time for the law-making powers to so guard the public Interest! that the discrimina tor shall be kept within due bounds and each section of the country given a chance for the development of its resources. Tjieke arc a number or import ant bills whlcn should conic up at the coming term of the legislature and be finally disposed of bills some of which, have been in consid eration fur a number of years, and though the general welfare of the Territory imperatively demand their consideration and passage, yet some former legislatures have simply made them means of enforcing the recognition of personal schemes and measurers of insignificant impor tance, o!ten of mo-it perincious im port and utterly useless as public measures. The Territory has been harrassed and its citizens insulted, not to say injured, by such business in the leg islature. Iour enough, indeed too long for the good of the people. There are now measures vitally con cerning the prosperity of the Terri tory which should be considered carefully and acted upon if our leg islators are not derelict in their duty to their constituents. Among the measures of importance to be con sidercd and acted upon are the following: A bill providing for the building of a north and south railroad. A bill regulating freights and fares on roads running through the Ter ritory. : A bill providing for the establish ment and maintanancc of an Insane Assy'.um. A bill locating a putting in opera tion a Territorial University. A bill relocating the Territorial penitentiary . A bill locating the capital and providing for capitol buildings. A bill providing lor assistance to the Territorial Fair. A till providing for Territorial assistance in bridging the Gila and Salt rivers and ether s'.renHis pre senting like obstruction to commerce and travel in the Territorj-. A bill protecting the stock interest of the Territory from-the introduc tion of stock diseases. A bill providing for the revision and codification of the laws of Arizona. A bill to prevent petty personal legislation where public interests are not concerned. A bill to make the county trensurv er (r.x collector. A -bill providing for county asses sors separate from all other offices. A bill providing for a commis sioner of immigration and defining his work. '. -j ... Aside from.-the. few- bills above noticed there will be a host of other j- .... .. , and often unimpoitant . legislation introduced of jno possible benefit to 'he general public and frequently in the interests of individuals ; among which legislation and the most im portant of which will probably be a bill for the establishment of a new- county, cut from Cochise, Pima and Graham, and another providing for funding of the debt of Yuma county. A great fuss is made in the east about putlawery in Arizona and the Territories, but here is a little inci dent in old, solid, religious, law- abiding Pennsylvania, about which the papers of the east have little or nothing to say. An exchange says: About midnight last night the gen era.! supply store of R. G. Mechling, n East Franklin " township, Wiis rqbbcd. The thieves proceeded to a back room where Ross Mechling aleeps. Mr.y, Mechling, who, until this time had been sleeping, .was awakened only . to find himself con fronted by one of the gang, who held a loaded revolver to his head, while another pressed a sponge sat urated with chloroform to his nose, the fumes of which soon overcame him . -...;.. The thieves thfc'ii went through his mrincy drawer and. took everything of value, amounting in all to about $150. They then: .carried his safe to a small flutboat lying at the bridge, and rowed- ftH -UUd-h. river called "Castaways' bar," where they blew the safe open and secured about f 300 in money and valuables The safe was found this morning with "all the papers and books un disturbed. After accomplishing this they returned to the shore and pro ceedings to the stables, a short dis tance away, they stole a horse and wagon, belonging to Mr Mechling, which thpy used to carry away their plunder. - LifvCoi.N county, New Mexico, has developed an organized band of postmasters who have made it their special, collusive and reciprocal business to rob the malls. Six offices have been implicated iso complete was the arrangement that it was dangerous to send a dollar bill through the mails. Said she postmasters have been ranked in. TELECRAPHIC. HELD FOR MURDER. San FnA:crsco, Dec. 18- Mrs. Sarah Kennedy, who shot and kill ed iier husbaml a week ago to-day has bec.i held for trail before the criminal court on the charte of murder with bail fixed at $10,000. WINTER AND DEATH IN OKEUON. Pouti.akd, Oregon., Dec. 18. A terrific snow storm is raging in Willamette valley. Kailroad trade is suspended and the river steam boats are laid up. Suow also is re ported in eastern Oregon and three feet at the Dalles. Motes Soloman, a traveling agent for Bissinger & Co. of this city was found dead at Albany in the snow near the depot. He had perish from exposure. DEATH OF AN EDITOR. San Francisco, Dec. 18 The death of Frederick Marriott, pro prietor of the News Letter, was an nounced this morning. THE FROPOSIT.ON TO ANNEX NEVADA. Heno, Nov., Deo. 18. In regard to the proposition of the Philadel phia Press to annex Nevada to Cali fornia and divide the result into a northern and southern state, the Reno Gazetlee says: "The people of Nevada see no reason for a change and will accept none. Their state organization fulls on their own shoulders, and they are abundantly ablj to sustain it. Nevada has con tributed in the pnst and will in the future, her full share toward the national government and national prosperity, hr mines, cattle and farming, give her a permnnency." OPENING OP TOE EXPOSITION. Washington, Dec. 16. The invi tation sent out by tho Secretary of State, in name of the President, for the ceremonies in Washington, in connect! on with the odening of the World's Exposition at New Orleans, namad the hwur of 12:30 p.m. as the same, when the formal exercises at the executive mansion would begin Before that time this afternoon, 150 or 200 invited guests, comprising some of the best known people in Washington und including a large number of ladies, assembled in the spacious east room of the presiden tial residence, where the ceremonies were to take place. Among the dis tinguished persons who strolled back and forth through the cast room, talking ai,d listening to the music of the martial band and awaiting the beginning of the cere monies, were most of the members of the diploma tic corps and Presi cent Arthur's cabinet with their wives, the president of the senate with their wives, the president of the senate and speaker of the house, W, W. Corcoran nnd George Ban croft, the eminent historian, Law rence Barrett, Gen. Van Vlifct, Min ister Foster with Mrs. Foster and . their daughter, Mayor Smith, of Philadelphia.Marshal C. McMichael, Mr. Chief Justice Waite, Mr. Jus tice Field and many others. There were also, special committee from the house and senate, representing all the states and territories in the Union. 'Several states were repre sented by commissioners. At the telegraph instrument table sat Mr. Maren, manager of the Western Union office, who had been arranged with forihe occasion, was to man age the'-telcgraphic part of the cere monies. ' About 15 minutes before two o'clock the operator at the Expo sition . building in New Orleans, announced the .arrival there of the officials and board of maeagers, and a notice to that effect was given to President Arthur. A moment later the later, preceded by Marshal Mc Michael, and accompanied by Vice President Edmunds and Commis sioner Morehead, entered the east room, followed by Speaker Carlisle) Secretary Frelinghuysen with Secre taries Lincoln, McCulloch, Chandler and Attorney General Brewster and members of the diplomatic corps and other distinguished guests. SENATOR FAIR INTERVIEWED Chicago, Dec. 19 Senator Fair of Nevada, is here on his way to Washintou . When asked what he thought tha Senate would do with the Nicaragua canal treaty, he said: "I think the Senate will ratify It and the government will go to work and cunstruct the canal. I am certainly opposed to Captain Pym's plan for joint action on the part of tho United ' States anil England, each to guaran tee an equal amount toward raising the necessary sum. We can do substantially whatever is required without appealing to John Bull. I flare1 say If England went into the enterprise,; it would, with its custOr piary greediness, demand more than a ifajt share of the tolls and we should be iu hot water all the time, .J1!'1001 wouiu oe Rooa Ior trouble in tho end.' Senator Fair, in answer to an inquiry, declared the,"tailfltquestion would be regard ed ins cause for lac;k of business con fidence." He consided the protection Democrats in the House and a Re publican Senate a sufficient safe guard against any immediate and sweeping change. Replying to another interrogatory. Fair said "I don't think Cleveland will make any sweeping changes or any ap pointments which the Senate will feel called upon to reject. . . , STOHM IN GILA COUNTY. 'Ol.OBE, Decs. 19 The Verde stage, dtie"at" Globe on Saturday last, was storm-hound t Green Valley and did not' arrive until last night. The driver reports the heaviest fall of snriw Hryer known .in that section. The snow is waste deep. Stockmen are concerned about the safety of cattle, and it is feared that many viTl perish. The road over the Piual mountains la snowed bo that it is impassible to vihicles. The mail is now carried on pack animals. The saw mills of Kellners & Breeman in the Pinal mountains arc crushed b3' the weight of snow. COLD WEATHKH; - Chicago, Dec. 19. Tho weather is the severest to-day in this city, ex perienced during the present winter, and the same is true throughc-ut the entire wes'ern and north-western stales. At 7 a. m . this city.the thermo meter stood at 11 decrees below zero and at 9 it dropped to 12 below zero, at Omaho 15 below, St. Paul 20 1 e- low, Dubuque 20 below, Des Moine 13 below and and at Farno SO below zero. ROAD AGENTS CAPTURED; Sax Francisco, Dec. 19 Detec tive Hume, of Wells, F;irgo & Co. this morning received t!'e following dispatch from Detective Thatcher, who was sent up t: Milton, Calave ras county, a few d:i'3 au;o : "Have arrested three men this morning fo the Miltou stage robbery of the 12th inst. Lon Aldrieh, Al Aldrich and Billy Lynch. We have got them dead to rights. They arc farmers, living iu San Joaquin count', eigh miles from here. BUSINESS EXPRESSED- St. Louis, Dec. 19 It is stated on high authority that owing to the general depression of trade, the clos ing of the manufactures in all parts of the country and the slow move ments of grain, the railroads east of here are doing sc ireely more than half the business done in the tame time last year. MORE FIRE IX PRESCOTT. Special to the Heuald. Prescott, Dec. 21 At about five o'clock this morning the new hotel of Miss Christian Johnston was dis covered to be on fire. The flames were finally subdued by the inmates but not till the building had sus tained damage to the extent of about $1,500. -The fire is believed to have been caused by an incendiary. SENTENCED FOR LIFE. : San Francisco, Dec. 20 William Bochle, who has been on trial since the 15th inst. for the murder of his wife on' the night of September 4th, h:is been found guilty of murder in the first degree. The jury fixed the penalty at imprisonment for life. ORPHAN ASYLUM BURNED. New York, Dec. 20 A Cathoiic male orphan asylum at St. Mirk's and Albany avenue, Brooklyn, was burned this afternoon, and.it is feared that some of the children perished iu the flames. The sisters in charge think all escaped but can not tell untlll the roll is called ILLEGAL REGISTRATION. San Francisco, Dec. 20 II. Camobell, who was convicted for an atleuipt-at illegal registeration at the late election, was sentenced yester day morning by Judge Hoffman to three years imprisonment at San Queirin and a fine of $1,000. THE ILL. FATED ASYLUM. New. Yo-aK, Dec. 20 The Brook lyn Eag-le, extra, states that the fire marshal reports that twelve bodies hnve bebn found up to S o'clock this morning among the ruins of the burned St. Johns Home for children and workmen are still searching the debris. The utmost excitement pre vailed in the vicinity of the nsxlum. The bodies are so chared and black ened that identification is impossi ble. It is believed that most of the children who perished were in the Josephine ward. Men engaged in excavating the ruins of the laundry touud the remains of nine boys and two full grown persons. Who the adults were has not been ascertained, as the sisters are unwilling to be interviewed, but it is plain to be seen that their list of the inmates rescued does not come up to the full number. A CHINAMAN MILLIONAIRE. San Francisco, Dec. 20. As an evidence of the tremendous sums of money. -accumulated by Chiuamen in this state, it is announced this morning that Ah Ti, who for the past thirty-five years has been a resi dent of California, and has amased a fortune, of 2,000,000, sends his family to China by the steamer; San Pablo, which sails to-day. . Ah Ti states he sends his family, consisting of a wife aad six childrtn to China to residu (here permanently, 'and will follow-them as soon us he effects a settlemen't of his business. CUTTING RAILROAD WAR. SanT Fe, Dee. 20. The railroad frc-iir'ht war, whie.li bus been in pro gress between the Texas Pucific and the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe fe.r three months, and involving the haul from' Ttli.-.soui i river points to EI Paso, to-day assumed a new fea ture of interest by the Atchison, T.rjpeka & Santa Fe, cutting dojrn the Irate Kansas, City to.McsUhi and Las Ci uces, New Mexico, from $3.63 to $ 1 pur hundred, The Texas Paci fic bus been hauling freight from Kansas City to El Paso at fifty cents per hundred, and many merchants of southern New Mexico have taken advantage of the cut by shipping guods to El Paso and thence freight ing by teams to their destination. Thivone dollar cut' of the tanla Fe company is constructed to mean that the war will be carried into Africa, as far as New Mexican points a"re concerned. A heavy cut in freight rates between El l'aso and New Orleans is also reported here, the Morgan lines having reduced the rate to the unprecedented figure of fifty cents per huud' td.ror a distance of twel ve hundred miles. The Texas Pacific is preparing to meefthis cut in a few days. ted Ji 3 fcr 5 tei 6 Fine AVines, Liquors and Cigars tit! i r vvmsKies a JOS. THALHEIIV3ER, Proprietor. Gill Ff's RESTAURANT Washington ; Street, oppo site Court House,' has' run for FIVE YEARS. OLDEST and BEST Eating House .I'm !! ...,, - - .- - ,: - " ; in Town. .... , Sets best "table "in the city. , Single' meals. . : . ... ... .50ctc Three meal tickets. .$1.00 'AOKNCTOP THE I. BANK OF ARiZONA.I SOL.IBW18. Ml w: kales Kales Lewis: PlKEN'IjX,, ' "'!. .' ' ' V,UZOJ CORRESPC)N DENTS The Bank oi California, San Francisi 0 Messrs. Laid law It Co, N$w York ! w ilifc i FtrRciiASE or ad- vance on gold -and silver ' Bul lion, Coiiiity. , bonds . and warrants, Discount commercial paper, recievc deposits repayable on demand, un dertake collections and transact a --'.: ibj.; !?;-- - - i ' USMBiiil, BASii'sa Business n fcWO See hoars, tiom 9 A. it. to 4 r. o F' O ui o a a o CQ W o .-.- .-.-J Choice Kentucy Sour Mash 1 - opeciaity. J. M. SHRIVER, GOiITRACmOR -AND- uilder. Plans and Specifications Fur . nisiied. Estimates Made on All Kinds '. ' ': -of Buildings. -' Residence ttortbweet corner of Adama and M iricopa streets Phoenix. Arizona. The "Valley PHOENIX.,- ARIZONA. CAPITAL - - $50,000 M 1. Shekman, Wm, Christy.) . . ii." J. Bennett. . President. . . . CasUier. A. Cashier ; DIRECTORS: M H, fpiiEBMLAfij SAii't. A.. ltopin Wm- C'HKiSTV, E J. Bknnbit; Goy Bennett. Receive deposits, irif.ke collections buy and sell, exchange, discount commercial paper and do a general banking business. a-Offlce hours from 9ft. m. to i p. m. !3t 1ST Must, shall and will be sold These are facts IS MlSlilfl cx.iO'srzTCr, BOOTS Hats, Caps, 1875 THE PIONEER HOUSE, 1884 Phoenix, The Largest Establishment ot the kind in Arizona. CATTLE! FANCY POULTRY, Berkshire and Poland-China Pisrs I have . some Fine Bulls Ejgf-Oirculars and Price List sent on application. Address, WILLIAM NILKS, Los Angeles, Qal ! Come and see. Pil & JISb0 A. T., s7"v"' 3 Short - Horn or Durham for sale. 0 LlEi"Ip lll'S.