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WHOLE NO. 6492 NEW SERIES. -VOL, XXIV NO. S8 PU'-ENIX, MARICOPA COUNTY, ARIZONA TERRITORY, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1898. Don't forget thait this is a republi can year in Arizona. With a republican delegate to Con gi-ess and a republican legislature Statehood for Arizona would le assur ed. The people propose to elect both and secure the desired boon. The HERALD does not pose as a po litical prophet but it hazards the pre diction that the democratic nominee for Congress will be Colonel J. F. Wil son. After November 8 he will be known as Defeated Wilson. Railroad building is soon to become feature f rife in Molia'e c0uni We congratulate our brethren in the" north over the facilities soon to be pro- tI1 for hr oneninir ui of that rich mineral region. The .Tenriuc railroad- which so i promptly replaced the burned bridge near Jerome has shown itself equal to any emergency and willing to do all in its power lio help out the people of Jerome in their present disaster. Adjutant Geo. D. v Christy won the plaudits cf the convention yesterday in his speech nominating Col. A. O. Brodie. It is'said'that with- all the en thusiasm that prevailed there was an undercurrent of sentiment deeper nnd stronger than any political scheming nnd more than one handkerchief Was in evidence before Mr. Christy took his i seat. powers have been largely increased by the extension of internal revenue faxes, is not art all likely to Tack sup porters. West Virginia has practically become of late years a Republican state. MEXICAN INDEPENDENCE DAY. The most unfortunate royal family of the nineteenth century is undoubt edly that of Austria. The old Emper or has lost his wife by assassination. his son and heir by suicide, nnd his brother, Maximilian, by execution in Mexico. Now again there are ontoreaks on the island, winch have resulted in the killing of many British soldiers by the Mussulmans in anil around Candia, which is garrisoned by England, and the murder of hundreds of Christain civilians, including a British Vice Con sul. All these atrocities and the inter- ati'Jital en Ibarra ss-ments are the fruit of 1lie shortsightedness and mutual jealousies of the European nations The Old World's Cuban question, which began earlier than the New WorhVs. and has been attended with nuich greater atrocities and has caus ed much greater international embar rassments, is once more in its disturb ing phase. Unquestionably, as Europe can now plainly see, they order some things let!er in America. No man on the republican ticket stands Stronger with the people than rhil Sheridan. Mr. Sheridan's record as County Recorder for the past two years is an earnest of the efficient ser vice he will renderifre-elected; and re elected he will be. ""The A. &S. E. railroad now lein: constructed into the Big Bug minim district bears evidence of being a pay ing proposition from the very begin ning. Further than this, it will, enable many a poor mine owner to realize on good properties that have been valu- less on account of the exiense of work ing. The Yuma Sun still continues its as sauifs on Tiro. Dorrington of the Sen tinel. Mr. Dorrington has been vindi cated from nil charges of whatsoever nature and it is time for the Sun to beat its sword into a plowshare and dig into the soil of the lower Gila val lev country. It is fertile enough and there is enough to do in singing the praises of that favored section to keep a journal the size of the Sun busy if it chooses siu-h emplovmerit. If Mr. Dorrington is a rascal he has lived there long enough for the people to tind it out without the incessant slan der of the Sun. On the other hand the Sentinel having brushed the trouble some flies off its back should pay no attention to the gnats and mosquitoes that are bound to bite more or less in that low altitude. There will le many a ticket drop in to the ballot box "this fall that ait first glance would appear Democratic. Clos er scrutiuv however will reveal an "X" mark opiiosite the name of A. O. Brodie. Not a few ballots of this kind are looked for iu Yavapai county and the prophecy is based on some thing stronger than a hope. The charges and counter charges in the Spanish Cortes remands one very forcibly of the same kind of actions o tomocrrirrie convention. One would think in reading of the action of the Cortes Tuesday that some of the 4ri.i mrtcrrified had i)een trans ported to the Spanish capitol. Most of the delegates returned last night from Prescot t. They made a quick trip and accomplished- more in a few hours than the whole Demo cratic herd did last week. That is their work is expected to stand for the next two years, while the other aggre gation will have lived its natural life on November 8th. '"There are two very notable things," remarked a returning delegate, "about the convention held in Prescott yester- lay. The lirst was that not a delegate in the whole convention was under the influence of liquor and the second was that not a written ballot was cast throughout the entire proceeding. Everything seemed to be unanimous and harmonious ami the best of order prevailed throughout except at such fines as both delegates and spectators were carried away by their enthus iasm and interfered with the order of business only by prolonged applause and vociferous cheering. A call for three cheers was always responded to bv six and a tiger." Continuing, he said: "I have been attending political conventions all my life but it is the first time I ever saw so harmonious or well-liehaved a body of men toge ther in a political meeting. "Teddy" Roosevelt does not intend to take away any of the glory from his men. In his "sermon" preached to the rough riders at Montauk Point last Sunday, lie said that a lady having asked him how he dared to rush up that hill, he replied: "I lhad to run like h I to avoid being run over by the men coming up lehind." Des Moines I Led or. Weather predictions forewarn us of a change of some. kind to occur today in the conditions of the weather. It is universally hoped that it will prove a change from hot to cooler. Star Fun ny alout this weatJher neighbors. All -summer long when it was supposed to be a little sultry you were making fun of Phoenixand telling how cool it was in Tucson. The climate of Tucson at last seems to have got "next" to you while in Phoenix it is delightfully cool and blankets are mighty welcome at night. The office of Jutiee of the Peace ot Phoenix precinct is one of considerable importance and one that needs capable men to fill. Mr. Gilbert Gray, one of the republican nominees Is too well known in the precinct to need extend ed notice. L. W. Hill, the second nom inee, is thoroughly qualified for the position. Mr. Hill is a lawyer of ack nowledged ability, has held the post of i-Pty attorney and county attorney in other states and would make a most competent justice for this large precinct. Our democratic brethren promise a lively convention in Prescott tomorrow and if rlie old party is not badly rent and torn after the convention is over we miss our guess. Mark Smith is to Ik? defeated by the Barnos-Wilson-El-iinwood combine and then Marcus' friends will keep a good sized club in pickle for the balance of the campaign which will not be laid nwny without having been used to the discomfort of the nominee of the convention. Owing to the rapidity with which money is accumula ting in the treasury, Secretary Gage has notified the hold-ei-s of (he old currency "sixes," which will le payable January 1st, next, of lus willingness to redeem them when ever presented. There are about $14, 000,000 outstanding in these bonds. He has also offered to anticipate the Oc tober interest on the four per cent, bonds. It will be the special aim of Secretray Gage to see that the money is got back- into ciruculation fast enough to prevent any disturbance la businesa circles. If the convention at Prescott had re mained iu session a week it could not have chosen a better Central committee. The officers are capapble and energetic- men wiio hold the respect of every one regardless of party and who are wil ling to work unceasingly for Republi- an success this fall. The Hon. Chas. K. Drake, of Tucson, is numbered among tin; oldest citizens in the terri tory. He has been a bulwark to the parry in the days when Republicans had little to hope for and his large ex perience has made him a valuable man to the party in the position to which he has been called. Hon. Harry Carpen ter, as secretary of the committee, will Ik? heard of Ik -fore the campaign is over. Colonel Rogers, of the Courier, who has 'little use for Republicans, ;aid in a lucid interval that "Harry Carpenter had been known to swing a Dem'ocrauc legislature around by the tail before now," and the Colonel knew whereof he spoke. While the season for winter visitors has hardly opened there are daily ar rivals from the east and the indicat ions are that the number of our guests the coming winter will be greatly in excess of any former year. Already house hunting has become almost a hopeless task, as there are but a limit ed ni;mler of vacant houses iu the city while desirable residences are commanding a rental above the reach of the poorer classes. Houses mav till 1h rented at reasonable rates by going out into the subur1s but they are a considerable distance trom the business center. What Phoenix needs is some capital invested in nice com fortable flats adjacent to the center of town. Not shacks for. the town is now full of them and the time has come when residents of the city want the conveniences of civilized life. Good comfortable cottages or flats with a bah room and other like con veniences nicely arranged would lie always Iu demand. The term of Senator Faulkner of West Virginia expires on the 4th of March. 1S0D. The present West Vir ginia legislature is Republican almost in the proportion of two to one. West Virgin'a is one of the few states which adhere to the policy of electing all its state officers for a period of four years and radical changes in the political control are therefore infrequent. The senior senator from West Virginia is Stephen I?. Elkins, Republican, and the probability of his securing a Republi can colleague in place of Senator Faulkner, who is now in the twelfth year of service, has led to the appear ance of Commissioner of Internal Rev enue Scott, who has written a letter saying he is a candidate. West Vir ginia is one of the states which con tribute largely to internal revenue re ceipts, an Commisisoner Scott, whose J" 1 Last .night began the celebration of Mexican Independence Day and right royally are the citizens of Mexican birth or Mexican descent in Phoenix celebrating the event. The history of the struggle of Mexico for freedom from the tyrapical rule of Spain is aj story of absorbing interest as the his slory of asabsorbinginterost -as the his yoke by the Americans. From the es tablishment of Spanish rule, following the conquest of Contez, Mexico had leen under the rule of a Viceroy of Spain, an officer whose authority was as v ide and autocratic as that of the most absolute monarchy ever known. AYL'th but very few exceptions the gov ernment of Mexico under these Vice roys had been tyranous, vicious and wicked. The people had been oppres sed and enslaved. Freedom of thought and action was practically unknown. But the light of freedom and of lib erty shining in the nontlr was sending its Deacon lights unto the people of Mexico and pointing to them a way for liberty. Discussion, carried on most secretly, was begun, and in 1S10 i small scant organization was ef fected by a highly educated priest, named Manuel Hidalgo. Tlans for an I uprising were made and the signal! was to have been given on October 4. at Guana jauto, Leon, Queretaro and other points in rthe central part of the republic. But there were traitors in the confidence of he good priest and the governor of Queretaro was warn ed of the intended uprising. On the night of September 13th a meeting was held at the residence of the Governor to arrange plans for the arrest of Hi dalgo and all those associated with him. Senora Josepba Ortiz wife of one of the officials, and of whom Padre Hidalgo had been the father confessor. learned the object of the meeting and hastened to the portal where she com municated through a large key hole to the Captain of the Guard and directed him to ride quickly to Hidalgo and warn him of his danger. Arriving at j the little mission Dolores, some seven miles from Gijanajauto, where Hidal- o was stationed, the priest was given warning. Being a man of action he immediately rang the bell of his church to call tho people together, if. iK'ing 11 o'clock at might, told them what he 'had decided upon and it hat might a little band of three hun dred men led by Hidalgo and Aldama and armed mostly with clubs began the movement for the independence of Mexico. Marching to the military post of San Miguel a few miles dis tant they were joined by Captain Al lende and the troops under him. Thence they marched the morning of the 10th to Guanajauro Where the first battle of the revolution was fought, the revoluionists finally capturing the city. Three hundred Spanish, who had taken refuge in the Alhondiga de Grauaditis, now the state prison, were put to death. Hidalgo and his companions were soon joined by a large force of natives but being poorly armed his efforts were exerted in avoiding direct battle with the superior armed Spanish, hop ing by attacking small bands of troops to capture enough arms to equip his own forces. A rapid advance was made toward the north, but before any success worth mentioning had been at tained Hidalgo was betrayed in the lit tle town of Acatita de Bajan in the state of Chihuahua in June 1S11. Al lenda, Aldama and Jimenez were be headed on June -26 and Hidalgo on July 31. The heads of the four lead ers were then carried to Guanajauto and hung on spikes at the four comers of the Alhondiga as a warning to revo lutionists of what they could expect from the bloodthrirsty and cruel Spaniards. rtnt though the leaders had been be trayed and beheaded the spirit of lib oriy had not been killed. Morales took up the cause in the south and finally :n 1S-1 Mexico attained her independ ence. -II citizens of this country of Mexi can birth have cause to be proud of the achievements of their forefathers in breaking the yoke of Spanish op pression. Reason to be proud of the great advancement their native coun. try has made under the beneficent rule of that j:reat leader of men President Porfirio Diaz. But in all the celebra tion lociay they have good reason to lie even more proud of the land of their adoption, of the United States of America. It was the United States, th'ougli President Monroe, -which warned the Holy Alliance in 1S23 that any attempt on the part of European nations to assU-t Spain in reconquering her rebellious colonies would be ac cepted as an act of aggression against the United States and thus insured to Mexico her independence so dearly bot.ght. It was the United States gov ernment, which through Mr. Seward, then Secretary of State, notified France in 1!S;J that she must withdraw her troops from Mexican soil, and it was the United States which furnished Jaurez with 100,000 stands of arms to equip his followers for driving Maxi milian nnd his foreign troops out of the country; and it was the United States which massed 100,000 of her own troops on the Rio Grande in IS' Hi to enforce her demand on;France that the French troops be withdrawn from Mexico. Mexican fellow citizens when you shout Viva Republica Mexicano today j on siliould also shout with equal enthusiasm Viva Republica Es. tadoa Unldosi nilt and i J G rover j, Three years ago it was charged by many students of history and economic affairs that the first two years of the second administration of Grover Cleve land had cost the country more in mon ey value than did the civil war. No attempt was ever made by the wor shippers of the Stuffed Prophet to de ny or refute this charge, for the closed mills, the ruinedindiistries and the idle men throughout the country were ample proof that this broad assertion was true. So great was the loss to the country that many of the other cxi tensive experiments in Cleveland-. ism have been lost sight of. Just now when we are having an object lesson in the need and value of the Nicaragua j aii.u. it is wen io recan me iucl xnai i that canal would have licen built in operation today but for Cleveland becoming President of the United States. During the closing days of the Arthur administration in the winter of 1SS4 and 'S5 Secretary of State Freeling Tuyson negotiated a treaty with Nicaragua and Costa Rica by the terms of which the United States was to build and control the canal across the Isthmus, tlwse two nations ceding to thlseountry the right of sovereignty over a strip of land one league in width, and over the entire lake of Nicaragua, an inland sheet of fresh water sufficiently large to af ford safe anchorage for all the navies of the world. B.v the terms of thi ! treaty the Unuited States would have assumed a certain protectorate over these smaller nations and would have secured a naval station on Lake Nic ragua where our battleships would be f in easy striking distance of all strateg ie points on both the Atlantic and Pa chic. And best of all, vessels held in this fresh water anchorage would have been at all times ready for immediate service, as they would have been free ! from all fouling which vessels aceu inulafe while lying in salt water. This treaty was only concluded between the nations involved a very short time be fore the xpiration of Mr. Arthur's term Cleveland was inaugurated President. The very first act of Cleveland's ad ministration after naming his cabinet was to withdraw the treaty from the Senate and to absolutely refuse to lay it before that body, again denouncing it as a vicious and un-American deal. Time has shown -that in this action Grover Cleveland was a greater enemy to his country than any man who ever bore arms against it. Royal makes the food pure, wholesome and delicious. iflf DER Absolutely Pure RUfAt BAKING POVDFft CO.. fcFW VOK. THE ETIQUETTE OF WAR. Although war is always barbarous- a species of legalized wholesale mur- TIIE NECESSARY AH MY. GUINALDOS LOST ITY. OPrOItTUX- Aguinaldo is demonstrating that he is as weak in diplomacy as in war. His ambition is said to be the estab lishment of a Philippine republic with himself at the head as president or dic tator, but he is rapidly (throwing away any chance he may have had to rea lize his ambition. - He came to the Philippines on his present mission aboard an American war ship ostensibly as an ally of the American forces. He had the friend ship and confidence of Consul Wild man and Admiral Dewey, the latter of whom armed a large number of the Philippine insurgents with weapons captured from the Spaniards. In the land battle which followed the arrival of General Merritt's army Aguinaldo and his forces were myster iously alsout, and the charge has been made that he withdrew his forces treacherously. Ever since his attitude has been tin friendly, which has finally culminated in such pronounced hostility that Gen eral Ocis. commanding the American forces, has serit him an ultimatum de manding the withdrawal of the insurg ent forces from the suburbs of Manila. Although Aguinaldo's forces number 30,000, only 8,000 are armed with rifles, and could not make a successful defense against the 10,000 men in Gen eral Otis' command. Aguinaldo's conduct will do much to strengthen public sentiment in this country favorable to the retention of the entire Philippine group, nad the insurgent leader shown any ability to administer a government he might have influenced the United States to retain only the Island of Luzon, leav ing the Filipinos free to organize an independent government for the re maining territory. Aguinaldo, how ever, has shown that he would be nei ther desirable nor safe as a neighbor ing ruler. It will be a regrettable aftermath of the war if the vanity and ambition of this semi-barbarian shall result in sac rificing the lives of Philippine natives as they stand on the very threshold of fiberty. Chicago Herald. Pile puriKTse of the government re garding the army iu the immediate fu lure is incoming well defined. About oo.wh volunteers will soon bo mus tered out and the remainder will be so reorganized as to meet the demands of the service. lucre must be an army of occupa noil for Cuba, another for Porto Rico and a third for the Philippines and other islands in the Pacific. There are now probably about 50,000 troops, or between ."50.000 and 60,000, in the reg ular establishment; and it is well known that more than half that num ler are required for our home garris ons. -specially with the increasing needs of the coast forts. For Cuba Gen. Lee's entire corps has been set apart, but it is wise to prepare for the possible need of 50,000 men, at least for a time. A number as great may be required for the Philippines, although; there too, there is good ground for hop ing that a smaller force will ultimately suffice. Add Porto Rico, for which Gen. Miles' estimate is 12.000, and Ha waii, and it is easy to see w-hy the government desires to retain about li.iO.iioO volunteers for the preesnt. They with the regulars would give 150,000 men, or a little more, for need of all sorts, existing or potential; and perhups by the end of the year at least ."0.000 more volunteers could be mus tered out. There can be no hardship on these volunteer troops in retaining them a few more weeks or months. We had remarkably good fortune in ending the active operations of the war with Sp-jiii so quickly, but we must gather the full fruits of our victory. Prema ture disarmament might rob us of a part of these fruits, or, rather, might ake them more costly to get in the end. We are not able yet to determine exactly how many troops sve shall need for the occupation and final pacifica firm of the Antilles or Philippines, but we must make ample allowances for ail contingencies. In both cases we The nomination of J. F. Wilson of Prescott as the democratic candidate for Delegate to Congress is one that will fall far short of meeting the ap proval of the democrats of the Terri tory. Mr. Wilson is a bourbon in the strict sense of the term but the day for bourbonism even in tlhe ranks of the democracy is long since passed away. People can not go on forever living in the dead past and young de mocracy recognizes that potent fact Mr. Wilson has failed to recognize it and his campaign will be fought on dead issues. The people of Arizona are too enterprising and progressive to lis ten to his calamity wails. They be lieve in progress; they believe that the present National Republican adminis tration has wrought great good for the Territory and they will support the representatives of that administra tion at the polls. Undoubtedly Mr. Wli son is much weaker before the people than his party aniTi!:!: such a mpj i i standard bearer sured. I as Col. A. O. Brodie f der it must be waged between en lightened nations with strict adher ance to many binding rules, prescrib ed from time to time by international law. In the present conflict between the United States and Spain. It is highly probable that our conduct will be based upon the code recommended for adoption by the Institute of Inter national Law. at its session in Oxford. September, 18S0. The code in question is based on the following authorities: (a) The Doctor Lieber Code, adopted oy the United -States Army in 1S03; (b) the Geneva Convention of August. 1S4; (c) the additional articles of the Geneva Convention of October, ISCiS; (d) the declaration of St. Petersburg, of November. 1S0S: (e) the Declaration of Brussels. 1S74; ff the latest official manuals adopted by the governments of France, Germany, Russia, Holland, Italy and Austria; (g) the Paris Con vention of lSoii, and (h) the Brussels session of the Institute of Interna tional Law of 1S79. One of the fundamental rules of this code, which has not as yet been offi cially adopted by either the American or the English government, both of which however, may be relied upou to conform to its provisions, is that the state of war does not admit of any fighting or hostile acts, save between the regular armed forces of the bellig erent states. Those forces must be under the direction of responsible chiefs; must have a uniform or distin guishing badge, recognizable at a dis tance, and must carrv arms openly. That is, men or squads of men who commit hostilities, whether bv fight ing, looting or raiding, without regular commission and without sharing con tinuously in the war, or with the oc casional asumption of the semblance of peaceful pursuits by divesting themselves of the character and ap pearance of soldiers, are not entitled to the privileges of belligerents, but may. if captured, be treated summar ily as highway robbers, pirates and spies. Every one knows the fate re served in time of war for spies. But few are aware that the same capital punishment is assigned tx those prowl ers, armed or unarmed, caught within the lines of the hostile army for the I Arizona purpose of stealing, killing, robbing or destroying mail, cutting telegraph wires, or destroying bridges, roads. canals or railways. The same punishment should be met ed out to guerrillas who engage in a form of warfare inaugurated by the Spaniards, and in which they are adepts. The guerrillas act sometimes singly and sometimes in bands, wear no uniforms, act without the orders of their government and devote them selves chiefly to the killing of picket uards, outposts and sentinels, in the assassination of isolated individuals or detachments, and in robbery and other predatory acts. As they are not con trolled in their undertakings by the laws of war. they are .not entitled to their protection. Whenever they have been captured by th? Spanish regular troops in the Carlist wars and in the campaigns against the Cuban insurg ents, they have been invariably treated with the utmost severi tv, being usually hanged or shot; and the United States troops will therefore be perfectly jus titled by precedent and bv usage in adopting identically the same measures toward any guerrillas whom they may find in arms against them in Cuba, except iin such cases as sieges, where every citizen must defend himself a best lie can. Old men. women and children arc? always considered bod combatants. In some countries these privileges are extended to ministers of the gosiK'l. A .flag of truce, a Red Cross hospital flag, or a signal of distress, displayed by Spain, for instance, must be re spected by our forces, and no one pro tected by such a signal can. be harmed but such a signal, shown fraudulent, is considered a gross act of treachery, punis-hable by death. The employment of spies is still con sidered as legitimate warfare among civilized nations, but all spfies must be strictly volunteers. It is an interesting fact that if a spy succeed in joining his army he ceases to be a spy in a technical sense; and he cannot be cap tured except as a prisoner of war. Xo soldier in uniform can be executed as a spy serving the enemy, since a spy is necessarily a person in disguise, act ing under false pretenses or secreted somewhere. A man in uniform of the United Sta tes caught in the act of carrying in formation to a Spanish commander can he executed, if caught by us. since he must be either a spy or a traitor. MEXICAN CATTLE IMPROTS. The Mexican cattle trade, while not large, is still holding up well compared with last summer. Joseph W. Parker, of the bureau of animal industry, ait Kansas City, lias just completed his report of the importations for August, which we take from the columns of the Drovers' Telegram and give below While they were lighter than during July, they were nearty three times as large as August last year. They were by parts: Aug. 'OS July '9S. EI Paso 220 Laredo 201 Eagle Tass .. 813 Brownsville . .1.376 Nogales 505 San Diego .... 69 Aug. '9' Total 3,184 Destina'n. Graz'g. Texas Kansas . . . . IjOiiisiana . . . New Mexico California . . :,390 4S0 S4 13 . .2,967 2,490 SO S35 14 16S 507 195 447 4S0 112 4.247 1,0S1 . Sl't'r. Total 35 2,425 480 101 101 84 69 69 12 25 217 3.1S4 s. 667 19 Total .. . Classified by ages: Is. Steers 495 Cows 26 Calves Bulls Stags Oxen CUBAN FARM PRODUCTS. REPUBLICAN PLATFORM. Adopted by the Territorial Convention Held in Prescott Yesterday. are dealing with problems whereof the elements are still only imperfectly I Porto Rico or the Philippines. known, nnd for the development of which we must therefore wait. It is surely not a hardship on troops that enlisted for two years, most of whom have not campaigned against the en emy, to keep them in service at least until lasting peace is assured. EUROPE'S CUBAN QUESTION. The reopening of Ithe Cretan trouble just at the moment that the Cuban question has leen settled will call the wo Fid's attention to the difference be tween the European and the American way of dealing with disturbing inter national issues. Cuba has ceased to be a factor of probable embarrassment to any country, and will soon pass off the stage of international politics. The is sues which Cuba created have been settled forever because they have beeD settled right. The atrocities and scan dals which Spain's barbaric rule caus ed in Cuba and the loss of life and property, including 'the lives and prop erty of citizens of every country which had residents in that island, have end ed forever. The reforms and the jus tice for which Las Oasas. Spain's ben evolent and intrepid missionary in the West Indies, vainly appealed to Char les v. and to which Charles' successors were, equally deaf, have been provided by a nation which was not born until three and a half centuries after Las C.-nsas' davs. This has been the Amer. ican Way of dealing with issues creat ed by the barbarities and trlie follies of the "Turks of western Europe" to useOanniug'sdesignation for the Span lards. Europe's way of treating the questions arising from the rule of the Turks in eastern Europe are in strik ing conitrast to this. When the concert of European pow ers in 1.;( recogmzert the independence of Greece, but gave Crete, which start ed the rebellion by which the Greeks shook off the Turkish yoke, to the semi independent ruler of Egypt, instead of adding ft to Greece, Europe's follies and blunders in its dealings with the Cretan question began. But in all the various interferences in. Turkish affairs and rearrangements of Turkish territory which Europe made the one simple and direct method of settling the Cretan issue by adding Crete to Greece, where by language, religion and blood, it belonged was omitted. In the Congress of Berlin in 1S78, after the close of the Russo-Tur- kish war. one solitary voice was rais ed in Ix'half of justice for the Cretans. France's representative who proposed that all the Greek provinces in the possession of Turkey, Crete included, be given to Greece, but every other na tion presented in the Congress, par ticularly Russia, Austria and Germany opposed 'this proposition, and, strange ly ijv 'mgh, amonj the obstructives, "( hough in a halting; and h am faced vay, was England. I s It is strictly forbidden by the rules of war to make use of poison in any form whatsoever, special reference be ing made to the'poisoning of wells and lrinking water. It is likewise forbid den to keep assassins in pay. or to make or to feign surrender for the pur pose of obtaining advantage of the enemy. Equally reprehensible is the concealment of the distinctive signs of an armed force in the attack upon an enemy. while the improper use of the flag of truce, or of the distinctive signs of the Geneva convention are suffi cient to entail the forfeiture of belli gerent rights, and to oxiose those who offend in this respect to the most drasiic penalties. The robbing or mutilation of the bod ies of the dead lying on the battle-field is strictly prohibited. The bodies must not be buried until they have been carefully examined, and until all ar ticles which may serve to fix their identity such as names, -medals, num bers, Kckc!fbooks have been secured. rhe articles thus collected from the enemy s dead should be transmitted to their government or army. h is forbidden to pillage or loot even places taken by storm, and it is equal Iy reprehensible to destroy public property, unless such destruction is de manded by urgent military necessity. In cases of bombardment, all needful measures must be taken to spare, if possible, buildings devoted to religion and charity, -to the arts and sciences. hospitals and depots of sick and wounded. Prisoners of war attempting to es cape may be fired upon, but if recap tured, are only liable to ordinary dis eiplinarv penalties. Individuals (correspondents, sutlers, traders, etc.) who don ot form a part of the armed force, but accompany the army, can be detained In the hands of the enemy only for such length of time as is warranted by strict military ne cessity; but a guide who misleads in tentionally may be put to death, as may also any one who betrays inform ation to the enemy, or who holds any intercourse with the latter. Foreign residents or visitors of the invaded or occupied territory can claim no im munity from this law, and instant ex pulsion is the very least punishment they can expect. It is, however, for bidden to punish a bona fide prisoner of war for having given false informa tion concerning the milftary forces to which he belongs. Money and other valuables on the person of a prisoner of war are his private property, and the appropria tion thereof is considered dishonor able and is prohibited, save when a very large sum of money is found up on a person: a certain part thereof may bo applied to the war chest of the invading army. The enemy's chap lains, medical officers, ambulance men, etc., are not prisoners of war, and should not be detained as such. Prisoners of war must lie treated humanely, as no one but a bafbarous general would countenance cruelty to wards in-isoners of war captured or surreiidered. They are given as much liberty as .possible, and are subjected to only such restraint as may be nec essary ito prevent their escape. They must be fed and clothed by the coun try detaining them, but that country, if successful in the war, may include such -expenses in her Indemnity de mands. It is, of Course, a violation of the ac cepted I'utas of war to injure non-combatants or take them prisoners of wax, It is "now pretty generally known that the soil of Cuba is deep, of dark color and of great fertility. Probably sugar-cane is the product of most im portance. The cane' does not need to be replanted every year, as in the colder countries, says the Western Rural. Eight Immense sugar estates are enumerated near Santiago, some of them averaging as high as 60,000 bags (each 300 pounds). Coffee estates have been a source of wealth to the Spaniards. They have taken especial pride in the quality of coffee grown. An Associated Press dispatch says that coffee and cocoa plants are generally grown on thesame "tineas" or farms, the more frail coffee shrub requiring for best results the shade afforded by the tall overhanging cocoa tree. From the same dispatch from San tiago we learn other interesting facts concerning the coffee culture. The coffee shrub yields its crop in Novem ber, but, as it is not regular and uni form, three harvests are made annually,- the first In November, the second in January and the third in March. Large quantities of cocoa have been shipped annually to Spain and France, at prices varying between $15 and $17 per hundredweight free on board, but for many years no coffee has been ex ported from the island of Cuba. "The reason for this lies in the fact that Cuban coffee, like Cuban tobacco, is of a rare quality and aroma, raised and and selected by experts, and of neces sity bringing a price which would not easily find a market for the product abroad. On the fields Cuban coffee sells for from $21 to $25 per hundred pounds. The Spanish grandees took great pride in feasting and thus using their .tine coffee at home and in presents to their friends. But the negligence and want of bus iness thrif t of 'these Spaniards has re sulted in forty out of fifty of these coffee plantations falling into the hands of Frenchmen who came over from Hayti. Of course almost anything will grow, as our Americans will soon demon strate, in such a soil. Maize, yams, sweet potatoes and other vegetables grow everywhere with little care or supervision. Th result is that on most coffee plantations those vegetables are grown which amply feed and sustain the planter, who, after six months, is on a self-sustaining basis, with a good ly coffee crop ahead as clean profit. In many parts of Cuba tobacco of the finest grade is grown extensively. Another source of wealth are the for ests, which are practically inexhaus tible in mahogany, cedar, rosewood and "majagua" a strong, durable wood of ashy hue and close grain. Honey and (beeswax are important articles of export. We, the Republicans of Arizona, with heartfelt gratitude and unswerv ing faith and loyalty endorse the Na tional Republican administration, and pledge our complete support and fealty to those immortal principles of Re publicanism which have upheld nnd preserved the grandest republic of the earth. In William McKiiiley, our loved and honored President, we see exemplified unsurpassed ability, lofty patriotism sublime courage, true Republicanism? and The highest type of American cit izenship the peer of his illustrious predecessors who have ennobled the nation. We challenge tho world in all his tory i" produce a chapter equal In mil itary and naval achievements, wiie legislation and able administration of governmental affairs to the one now being closed between the United States and Spain. Within a few months a grand army was enlisted and equipped and. with an invincible navy, sent forth to maintain the nation's, honor on land and sea. The unsurnassed heroism of the army, and the unequal led victories of the navy, have swelled every American heart with pride and made unquenchable the fires of pa- . triotism on every American hearth stone. Al Ithe nations have been com pelled to respect and honor us and ac knowledge our supremacy. We point wfth pride to the wise and efficient administration of public af fairs in this territory under ' Republi can officials, and heartily endorse the administration of Governor N. O. Mur phy and pledge to him our earnest and loyal support in his able and economic conduct of territorial affairs. The Republicans of Arizona are for tatehood; to continue the territorial relation any longer under the circum stances and conditions, confirmed by the record, is not only an outrage, but an unwarranted and despotic abuse of legislative power, and entirely con trary to the spirit, if not the letter, of the most cherished principles of our government. The same spirit wliich reused the unquenchable enthusiasm of our patriotic forefathers when they resisted. w;rn --their lives, taxation without representation, and czwited with their blood the foundation of the immortal republic, actuates the people of this territory in their desire for self-rovemmni- We uteri o-o the rtnrtv flrwl 3s. Total. Its -nominee for congress To use every 425 1,614 honorable means to secure the ndmis- 394 439 sion of Arizona Into the nnion as 859 state. . 136 I Y-e favor the rene.nl of the fmrcst re. ( serration act. We favor the adoption ciple of the iniative and dum in all matters eoncerni tion of public debt county and municipal affairs. The Republican congress responded with enthusiasm born of love of coutw' try, to the call of the President tfr means with which to carry on-'sr and all Europe viewed with wonder the promptness witlj parenfly inexhaustible resoa nlttCfnl flt tin flimrwwil of th em ment, when the nation's honor seT in the slightest degree Imperiled I this by a Republican congress on Republican administration. . The Republican party of Arizo dorses fully the legislation aecomW ed by the National Republican lead J and congratulates the country upont effectiveness and wisdom of the rJ nue laws enacted by the Fifty-fil congress. v We unhesitatingly support the juds ment and discretion of the Republctr congress upon nil questions of financiJfr legislation, believing that whatever 1 . . -. C . 1 viiiHJi;tr!. nrv iitreer-jf rv uir lilt? W(rnare of the people can be best secured through R publican efforts. We express our hearty and unquali fied approval of the annexation of Ha waii, and applaud with unstinted com mendation the wisdom and sagacity of the Republican President and the Re publican statesmen who accomplished annexation against the narrow, unpa triotic opposition of that party whose un-American President humiliated his country by ordering the flag hauled down. Arizona is justly proud of her noble sons who with unexampled bravery led the soldiers of the nation at Sibo ney and El Caney, and sealed with the blood of immortal heroes the terri tory's claim to the rights of self-gov . eminent and the highest honors of American manhood. The Republican irty of Arizona be lieves that wherever the American flag has been raised over acquired ter ritory, in advancing civilization and punishing the cruelties of stmi-barbar-ous governments, there it should re main, an emblem of enlightened gov- M eminent, protecting commerce and serving notice , upon all Christendom that whenever our flag oats over soil conquered by American heroism made sacred with American blood, it Is there to stay. PITHY POINTS FROM PRESCOTT. of the prin- the referen- i ng the crea- I In territorial, - jSrces the go-' ROBBED THE GRAVE. A startling incident of which Mr. .1 Oliver, of Philadelphia, was the sub ject, is narrated by him as follows: "1 was iu a most dreadful couditiou. My skin was almost yellow, eyes sunken, tongue coated, pain continually in back and sides, no appetite graduallj growing weaker day by day. Thre physicians had given me up. Fortu nately a friend advised trying 'Electrir Bitters' and to my great joy and sur prise the lirst bottle made a decided improvement. I continued their ust three weeks and am now a well man. I know they saved my life and robbed the grave of another victim." No one should fail to try ihein. Only 50 cts tier bottle. At the Phoenix Drug Co Thousands are Trying It. la order to prove the great merit of Ely's Creain Uahn. the most effective cure for Catarrh and Cold in Head, we have pre pared a gouerons trial size for 10 cents. Git it of your drajgUt r send 10 cents to irr.V BKOS., o!5 :..'.irien St., N. Y. City. I suffered f or.i '". . :i cf '.ho worst kind pver since a (. . A Jiet r hoped for cure, but l''y'; Jre.ifi i-Mui' seems to do even iu:it. T'i "i;' ('' 'uaiiitances hove usel it wifh ex:': -. i' ssults. Oscar Ostium, -ii Wurrea Ave, Cuicago, Ilk Ely's Cream Balm is the acknowledged enrp for catarrh, and contains no cocair.e, mercury nor any iniurious drng. Price, 60 cuu. At droggisw or by mail. Items of Interest From the Yavapai Hills. ..(Journal Miner.) Geo. W. Sines is able to be on the street after a protraetd illness from blood poisoning. The little six-year-old daughter of R. Baumert died at Black Canyon last Saturday, September ISth. Dr. and Mrs. G. W. Vickers are up from Phoenix for a brief visit. Frank Eecklider came up from Phoe. nix on Saturday for a short visit. Wilbur Maver, son of Mrs. and Mrs. Joseph Mayer, left this aSternoon to attend the University at Tucson. Chas. Scholey, of Big Bug, accompanied biin for the same purpose. A man named Hodges attempted to commit suicide in the county jail yes terday. He is alleged to be a mor phine victim and his attemptat sui cide is said to have been caused by his failure to procure the drug. H. A. loung, an old resident of Big Bug, died on Saturday and was buried in a Prescott cemetery on Sunday at 10 o'clock a. m. Deceased was about 75 years Old and had resided on Big Bug for over twenty years. He was an uncle of Mrs. Joseph Mayor, of Mayer. W. A. Jackson, special agent and ad juster of the Commercial Union As surance Company, has ju t: returned from Jerome, where he has paid $11;- 500, every loss of that staunch com pany. Martindell & Home are local agents for the company in Prescott. Lieutenant-Colonel Eugene J. Spen- cer. of the Third volunteer regiment of engineers,. United States army, arrived on yesterday's train with his "wife end two children. Mr. Spencer is a daugh-" ter of Governor and Mrs.F.A.Tritle and formerly lived here. This is her first visit. to her old home since she left here on her wedding trip eleven years ago.