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Gossip of New York
An Interesting Church That Hat Jut Celebrated lU 150th Birth, day Has Had But Six Pastors During All Those Years, and All Were Men of Reputation Other Gotham Chatter. -ill" "w! was king of Oreat Hrltaln New York was a village of from 8.000 to 10.000 Inhabitants and the Koyal standard floated over the public buildings. The church was used as barracks for the Hessian troops and in this way was much damaged. An appeal was made to the inhabitants ot New York and the sum of 963 pounds, three shillings and Blxpence were paid to the church officials with which to make repairs. It was several years afterward, in 1756, that the original chapel, which It Is thought was built soon after the organization of the church, was re placed by a more pretentious structure. HAS HAD 8IX REMARKABLE PA8TOR8. , All of the six pastors have been men who have made their impress on the city of New York, not only in their ministry to the .congrega tion but by their connection with various organi zations, religious, patriotic, social and civic. Itev. Dr. John Mason was the first pastor, and he was born In Llnglthgowshlre, Scotland, and was sent from that country, May 25, 1762, to take charge of the parish. He served as chaplain In the revolutionary war. He received the degree of doctor of divinity from Princeton university in 1798. His son, Rev. Dr. John M. Mason, succeeded him, remaining pastor for 17 years. The second Dr. Mason was educated in Columbia and the University of Edinburgh. He was called "the Prince of Preachers," and was an orator. He founded Columbia Grammar School, was provost of Columbia college and later became president of Dickinson college. The third paBtor was Rev. Robert 15. E. McLeod. He served the church for 12 years. It was Dr. McLeod who drew up the plan of union between the general assembly and the Associate Reformed church. The fourth pastor was Rev. Joseph McElroy. He was shepherd of the flock for 49 years, until he died, on December 16. 1874, being E4 years old. The fifth pastor was Dr. Hamilton, who preached during the celebration ceremonies. He was called to the Scotch church from Belfast, Ireland, Oc tober 19, 1873, and remained for 17 years, then accepting the pastorate of the Warren Memorial Presbyterian church, Louisville, Ky. Dr. Wylie, the present pastor, is rounding out his sixteenth year in the church. When he had been in charge 15 years the congregation sent him and Mrs. Wylie on a trip to the Holy Land, Egypt and Europe. NEW TROUBLE FOR COL. W. D. MANN. colonel had ershlp of about one - Col. ber. He and his friends said It was hardly right to burden a magazine for the general public with a 27-page article, venting Mr. Watson's personal feel ings against the editor of the Macon (Ga.) Telegraph. Mr. Watson, he held, had used much space in previous Issues to vent personal .animosity against political enemies in Georgia. This unsatisfactory state of affairs led to the announcement from Thom son, Ga., that Mr. Watson had resigned as editor and would no longer write for the magazine. It is understood that Mr. Watson, who Is now in the sotitn, has disposed of his stock in the company. The magazine will continue to ubb Watson's name, although there may be a fight by Mr. Watson to have the name changed. ASK FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF CENTRAL BANK. An almost forgotten Institution which once held tin important rlace lu national finance was recalled by a proposal by the chamber of com merco for the establishment of a central bank in which the government would be Interested. This Idea was first evolved 116 years ago by Alexander Hamilton, who proposed the establish ment of the Hank of the United States, to bo similar in constitution to the Dank of England. A charter for this bank was passed by congress, despite the opposition of Jefferson, Madison and Edmund Randolph, and when taken into court the act .was sustained by Chief Justice Marshall. It was established In Philadelphia with a capital of $10,000,000, of which the government took one flfth. Tho stock of the bank was oversubscribed two hours after the books were opened. Branches were established at New York, Boston, Baltimore, Washington, Norfolk, Charleston, Savannah and New Orleans. In 1811 it reported amounting to $15,000,000 and specie to paid up to 1811, when congress refused and one-half per cent, a year. One of the causes of the failure of this plan of national finance was the fact that more than $7,000,000 of its total capitalization of $10,000,000 was acquired by foreign holders, thus engendering fear that tho country's money might come under foreign control. The abolition of the institution was duo in large part to the opposition of Henry A similar Institution was established in the United States in 1816, the proposal coming from New York members of congress. The bill was approved by President Madison and the bpnk, with a capital of $35,000,000, was estab lished. Eighteen branches were created in different cities and in 1832 it held total deposits of $14,500,000. Its loans and discounts aggregated $6,000,000 at the maximum. President Jackson in 1829 announced that the bank had failed to estab llsh a uniform and sound currency and national institution rounded upon the enue. In 1832 President Jackson vetoed a measure for the renewal of the bank's charter, which expired four years later and ended the experiment. NEW MEMORIAL HOSPITAL OPEN. widow of begun in sandstone lng position, is nearly a out with have been operating a medical merits are the most remarkable features Mrs. Graves made the gift In accordance with the expressed wishes of Mr. Plant., it was his desire that his name should be connected with some .charitable Institution of a non-sectarian character. St. Luke hospital an swers this description, caring for members of all religions and sect without NEW YORK. October marks the milestone In the history of one ot New York's most inter esting churches,. the Scotch Presbyterian. It has just celebrated Its one hundred and fiftieth anni versary with a serleB of services and ceremonies lasting through two weeks, in which many noted men In the denomination from Europe and Amer ican took part. In its long life the Scotch church has had four places of worship and only six pastors. It was the question of psalm singing that led to the formation of the church, which early records say was in 1758, although members of the church who have studied the matter think the date was much earlier. The first house of worship was la Cedur street, between H road way and Nassau street. It was a modest wooden building, much smaller than the present church. At the time George III. DR. WYLIE. Col. W. D. Mann, of Town Topics fame, whd figured in the news dispatches very prominently for a considerable period, now has a new trouble to deal with in connection with Tom Watson's Magazine. It will probably be a surprise to many people to learn that Col. Mann is in any way interested in the publication which bears the name ot the Populist leader and philosopher. Col. Mann is the chief stockholder In the magazine of which Mr. Watson is the editor, and he and Mr. Watson had a dispute about money due for editorial serv' Ices. When Mr. Watson asked for money Col, Mann criticised the magazine. Mr. Watson found himself helpless in a fight with Mann, for the the advantage of a majority of own- the stock, while Mr. Watson owned only fifth. Mann didn't JIke the September num deposits amounting to $5,900,000, loans the value of $5,000,000. Us dividends to renew its charter, averaged eight Clay. suggested that it be replaced with a credit of the government and its rev. Hie y Benediction of the new wings of St. Luke's hospital, the gift ot Mrs. Robert Graves, former Henry B. Plant, took place recently and the building Is now occupied by patients. It is to be known as the Margaret J. Plant Pavilion and has cost more than $400,000 since K was March, 1904 Designed by Ernest Flagg in the style of the French Renaissance, the new structure is eight stories in height, it has been constructed of white and marble and occupies a command overlooking Morningslde Drive. It block In extent and Is fitted through the most approved hospital furnishings and appliances. Sixty-flve rooms for patients provided, as well as separate kitchens, rooms and attendants' quarters. From point of view, tho thoroughly equipped hydro-therapeutic and electro-therapeutic depart of ihe new building. A New Future for Three Great Water Hiohwaus Coming Meeting of Rlvermen at St, Louis In November to Be Marked bu Exploitation of Great Project. Years ago before the great Iron trails were stretched across the coun try and the swift, fiery steads were passing over them drawing their loads of human freight and merchandise, the rivers of the land, especially tho Mississippi and the Ohio, were the busy highways of commerce: nut as the railway systems developed the river business declined, steamers that had plowed their way back and forth between the thriving river towns ceased to run, and wharves fell Into decay for the railroad was too strong a rival, and soon monopolized the commerce of the country. Hut of late years there has been a revival In the direction of the water highways, and a determined effort towards utilizing the splendid facili ties of trade which they afford. New York has by direct vote of the people appropriated f 101,000,000 to build a ship canal from Lake Erie to the Hud son, so that a cargo loaded in Chicago or Duluth may sail direct to Ham burg, Havre, or Liverpool. The city of Manchester, England, has spent $100,000,000 to get an outlet to the sea. Germany, France and England are ex pending even larger sums in the con struction of absolutely new cross country waterways. The Sault Ste. Marie canal has already paid for It self in the immense volume of trade that rushes through its locks. And all this shows the tendency towards water communication. Movements are on foot both along the Ohio and the Mississippi river, as well as along the Missouri, for the Im provement of those waterways so as to admit of the use of the larger steamers. The slogan of the Ohio River Improvement association Is Dam the Ohio river from Pittsburg to Cairo," and there is a similar slogan being declared by the Missis sippi River Improvement association, which says, "Dam the Mississippi river from St. Paul to New Orleans." And at a meeting of these two asso ciations at St. Louis during November Site of One of the the matter is to be energetically ex ploited. The fact that one Mississippi river tug can convey in six days from St. Louis to New Orleans boats carrying 10,000 tons of grain, which would re quire 70 railroad trains of 15 cars each, shows the possibilities of the project. The gathering of rlvermen In St. Louis In November will bo the great est coming together of people Inter ested In America'-) interior waterways In the history of the country. At its very outset, the Ohio River Improve ment association set itself resolutely to the task or educating congress and the people of the river states to tho vast commercial importance of deep ening the channel from Pittsburg to Cairo. Its leaders took tho declara tion of Andrew Carnegie, that "tho re public now has more than 10,000 miles of connected river and lake naviga tion, which supplies the cheapest in land transportation for materials in tho world," and they added: "The Improvement of the Ohio will make it still cheaper." The Upper Mississippi River Im provement association was brought about by an equally patriotic and far seeing declaration. Four years ago a committee of representative citizens called upon the mayor of Qulncy, 111., urging some local river Improvements. After a protracted interview as to the valuo of purely local Improvements, the mayor said: "Do you know ut any attempt having been made on the part of any congressmen who repre sent any of the five states bordering on the upper Mississippi to influence congress to make an appropriation for river improvement? Has any effort been made by the commercial organ izations, or cities along the river, to Influence congress to this end?" "No," was the answer. "But." re sponded ono citizen, "It will bo done at once." On that declaration the association was virtually organized. Us fourth annual meeting was held In Minneap olis in October, in November the as sociation will join with the Ohio asso ciation in a great waterways' con gress, which wll, debate the possibili ties of, and make recommendations for, the development of a heavy freight travel from St. Paul and Min neapolis to New Orleans and from Great Falls, Mont., on the upper Mis euurl. to Pittsburg on tho Ohio An 4 annual appropriation of $30,000,000 for river and harbor improvements will be necessary, but there aro Mulberry Sellers' possibilities in the project, be fore which the preliminary expendi ture Rinks Into Insignificance. Al ready Buffalo, Cleveland and eastern ports along the great lakes have awakened to the situation, and are asking what shall be done In their In terests when the ship canal from Chi cago to St. Louis shall divert the traf fic of l.nke Superior, Lake Huron and Lake Michigan to St. Louis and New Orleans Instead of to tho eastern ports. Preparatory to the reassembling of this great waterways' congress, which held a session In Washington last winter, with 600 river representatives present, a few freshly compiled facts and figures concerning tho interests at stake will be found of value. .The centers of population and activ ity in all lines of production have steadily advanced westwad, until, without exception, they are now lo cated in the Mississippi valley. One half of the population of the United States resides in what may be cor rectly termed tho Mississippi valley. This population has more than dou bled itself every 25 years of the past century. Should this rate of increase be maintained the year 2000 would find the population no Icbs than C-C0,-000,000. Tho area of the Mississippi valley, 1,240,000 square miles, all told, Is two-fifths of tho whole continental area of the United States, and more than two-thirds of its arable surface. The population has shown a Bteady In crease. In 1810 tho valley dwellers numbered but 1,000,000. 1850 the number had Increased to 8,000,0110. Nor has the supremacy of the Miss issippi valley been confined alone to its increase of people. Tho centers of corn, cotton, oats and wheat pro duction, of the number, area find value of farms, are all within its con fines. The center of tho corn production Proposed Wing Dams. of the United States Is in the great river which divides Missouri and Illi nois, about midway tho length of Mis souri. The center of wheat production Is 75 miles west of Dos Moines, in tho west central portion of Iowa. The center of oats production Is about 100 miles east of De-s Molne3, in tho east, central portion of Iowa. The center of tho number of farms Is in Illinois, 110 miles east or St. Louis. The center of the vnlue of farms Is 39 miles west by northwest of Spring field, 111. The center of the farm area of the country Is 18 miles southwest of Jef ferson City, Mo. The center of cotton production la 34 miles north of Jackson, Miss. The center of manufacturers Is 09 miles west of Cleveland, O. The center of population In 1900 had advanced westward until It stood six miles southeast of Columbus, lad. These are Important factors In what has been called the "resuscitation of the Mississippi river." The produce and the products are In the valley wnitlug to bo moved; the people are In tho valley ready to ship and to travel. All that Is needed Is the crys tallizing of tho rapidly growing senti ment Into money with which to "dam the Mississippi river" and revive tho waning glory of the packet and of tho freighter. With tho construction of the Chi rngo-St. Louis canal, freighters loaded with grain or ore at Duluth could reach tho Gulf of Mexico without breaking cargo! and begin their trans Atlantic voyage there, as they will from New York, by way of the Erie canal. The completion of the Panama ca nal will further revolutionize the traf fic problem. By means of tho canal steamers loaded In Duluth, Minneap olis, St. IxiuIb, Pittsburg, any port along the great waterways system, may reach San Francisco, Seattle, Honolulu, Manila, Yokohama, Hong kong, without breaking cargo, at great saving of time and money. Even the completion of tho Tehuantepec railroad across the Isthmus of To huantepec, Mexico, is not without far reaching result, as frolght can be transferred across the Isthmus, from ship hold to ship hold In two days' timo and at an expeuae of (inly about two dollars a ton. IDEAL FOR A HOME ADVANTAGES OF RESIDENCE IN WASHINGTON. Capital City Is Having a Rapid and Steady Growth in Prosperity and Beauty Opportunities for Young Men. Over a century ago, largely through the lufluenco of George Washington, congress consented to locate tho na tional capital on the banks of the Potomac, about 12 miles above Mount Vernon. For many years after tho actual removal of the seat of govern ment from Philadelphia, tho new city had a hard struggle for existence. Public coffers were practically empty and tnxes wehe hard to collect, says tho Washington Star. The period from 1870 to 1874 marked a new era in tho capital's his tory. During this time Gov. Shepherd, a truly remarkable man, who appears to some to have been a crafty poli tician, and who is recognized by all as having been tho founder of tho new Washington, was at the very height of his power. Ho graded Btreets, plant ed trees, dug sewers costing what then seemed fabulous sums, and spent about $3,000,000 for wooden street pavements, which soon rotted away. In about threo years he incurred a debt equnl to the price paid to Spain for the Philippines. Congress was aghast at this enormous expenditure, although much of It was Justified, as results hnve shown. And so, In 1874, the government was changed from the then existing territorial form to tho system now in operation. After three quarters of a century of vicissitudes, tho city was finally firmly established. The last three decades, which really Include all of Its life since Washing ton has been a city of any size, have brought uniform prosperity. In less than a halt century the population has grown wonderfully, Increasing from 75,000 In ISf.O to 25,000 In 1906. Popular Residential City. This rapid and steady growth leads so naturally to the conclusion that Washington possesses . such advan tages us a place of residence as to havo prompted many young men to make their homes by the Potomac. These advantages may bo very con veniently grouped us sanitary, eco nomic, political and educational. Properly enough, tho first consider ation which influences a choleo of a homo Is health. Of prime importance to the health of a city are the natural features, location and climate; and of equal value are r.ll artificial sanitary measures Tor the prevention and cure of disease. Washington is situated on the banks of tho Potomac at Its Junc tion with the Anacostia river, so that a water front of considerable extent Is obtained. Naturally, portions of tho city near the livers are losv and flat, but elsewhere the land Is rolling and well drained. Capitol Hill rises about 100 feet above tide water; and tho chain of hills which belt the city on the north nnd wes, and which Include tho suburbs, aro from three to four times as high. Opportunities for Young Men. Excellent opportunities are extend ed to young men not. only in the gov ernment service, but In "tho profes sions, und In o'her walks ns well. Positions open In private firms aro much more numerous und desirable tluin are generally supposed. Wash ington Is not primarily a manufactur ing city, yet the valuo of Us products In 111(10 reached the very creditable total of $47,('ii7.(i2'J. The local indus tries give employment, (o many ex perts, and to much unskilled labor likewise'. Then, too, u population of 31!"., 000 affords a wide Held for tho practice of l:tw und medicine In ull their branches. Tho I'nlted Stales government re quires an army or 175,000 to keep Its machinery In operation. Men or every wulk of life, from t ho sclent 1st and tho diplomat to the clerk, the Me chanic and Ihe printer, find employ, incut lu its service. The selenllllo work of tho government appeal)! to men of tal"iit. It Is us'-loss to repeat Ihe many very pleasant features of government service which private employment does not as a rule afford. Such are moderate working bouts, annual h ave and comfortable! building)! In which to work. Fine public Institutions. To many tho National museum will prove er us much value as the libra-rie-ii. Exempting tho British museum. Ihern are few similar Institutions which surpass it. and It is ucaree-ly nepialed on this side even by tho Metropolitan ef Ne-w York and thu Fie-ld Columbian of Chicago. Appealing to fewer persons perhaps than museums, and yet with u greater power for the spiend of culture, Is an art gallery. In this regard the na tional capital Is extremely fortunate in possessing the Corcetran ceille-ctlon. e aile-ipiateiy Olid so beautifully lienised. The gallery makes no claim to equal some etf the superb redac tions abroad, but contains m-vertlm-less many paintings eif excellence), and is a sourco of Joy to all leivers of beau tiful pictures and statuary. In at '.emitting to enumorato tho works etf rt in Washington ore must not for feit to memtlon the mural elecoration if the Library of Congress, and sumo, ant by no means all, of tho statuos ibout tho city. New Paymaster General. Col. Culver C, Snlfiln, who has Just een appointed paymaster general, Is l native of Now York, and ono of tho most popular men In tho army. Ha lerved In Cuba during the Spanish war and for several years was statiouud at Washington. SAVED BABY LYON'S LIFE. Awful Sight from That Dreadful Com plaint, Infantile Eczema Mother Praises Cuticura Remedies. "Our baby had that dreadful com plaint, Infantile Eezeuia, which afflict ed him for several months, commenc ing at the top of his head, and at last covering his whole body. Ills suffer ings were untold and constant misery, in fact, thero was nothing wo would not havo done to havo given him re lief. Wo finally procured a full set of tho Cuticura Remedies, and lu about three or four days ho began to show a brighter spirit and really lauglmd. for tho first timo in a year. In about ninety days ho was fully re-rove-rcd. Praise for tho Cuticura Remedies kas always been our greatest pleasure, and there Is nothing too good that we could say In their favor, for they cer tainly saved our baby's life, for lie was the most awful sight that I ever beheld, prior to tho treatment of the Cuticura Remedies. Mrs. Maebclle Lyon, 1826'Appletem Ave., Parsons, Kan., July 18, r.iO.V A Letter from School. They wero talking about boarding schools, and a lawyer drew a letter from his pocket. "My son," he said, "started In at m new boarding school last week, nnd hero Is a letter that 1 got from hint this mt::iing." The.' letter was paused about. It said: "Dear pa I think I havo got apenda sects. Tho betys at thii sehoed are not very nice, but 1 will try neit to tarn eny bad babbits. 1 do not think the food Is good, but I would not mind If I was a little stronger. "The pie-re of meat enclosed la what we had on Sunday, but on oth er days It Is tuffer. Do not mind my being so uncomfortable, as I do not think I will last long. Ple'aso send me a dollar as I owe a boy a dollar. "Your wretched son, JOHN." Sheer white goods, In fact, any fine wash goeti',s when new, owo much of their attractiveness to tho way they are laundered, this being dono in a manner to enhance their textile beau ty. Hetmo laundering would be equal ly satisfactory If proper attention was given to starching, tho first essential being good Starch, which has sufficient strength to stiffen, without thickening the goods. Try Deflanro Starch nnd you will bo pleasantly surprised at the Improved appearance of your work. Women Have Pet Snakes. A great many snakes aro imported Into Kngland. There Is a brisk do mand for snako pets among rich ladles. It's a funny kind etf pe-t, por haps, but they seem to like tliein, and get quite fond etf them. I suppose) It's because ladles nowadays like tho unusual. Of course, these pet snakes are all noupolsonons. l.oudetu Morn ing Leader. A Good Record. Out cf all tho external remedies on tho market wo doubt If thorn is ono that has. tho record of that world renowned petrous piaster Allcock'a. It has now be-on In use for sixty years, and still con tin ilea to bo as popular as ever In ehtlng Its great work of re lieving our pains and ache-s. It Is tho remedy we all ne'od whe-n suffer ing fremi any acho etr pain resulting from taking cold etr overstrain. Allemck's Plasters are Bold by Drug Cls.s all over the wetrld. Infant Trained to 8teal. A woman has be-e'ii arrested In Paris carrying In her iirms n four year-old child which has been trained to snate-h wateiies and seartplns its Ha metther carried It threiugii the streets. The! Infant was seen to grub two watches and tieveu plus In less thun half an hour. The extraordinary ptpu1aiit.v ef fine white goods ibis summer makes the e hehc of Starch ir matter of greit Importance-. Defiance Starch, being fre-e from nil Injurious eiie-mlcals, is the only one which Is s ite to use on fine faluiere. Its rrcat strength as a stlff ener makes half the usual ep-anttty of Starch iipif'ssary, with the remit tf perfect llnl-ii, equal to that whi n the goods were new. First Persian Parliament, Tho members of tho new Persian parliament will be eiected by the) age-svoles etf nil ntulo I'e-rslans between tho ages etf HO mid 70 who aro ablet to re-ael and write, are net! In the service of the si ate-, and have mt boem con victed ef crime!. How's T'lis? Ws nfTor etrin llimtlrr-l llollari fti-wlnl fur any fifn tif ( rtturrtl Hint tunlu'l bo cumii I'JT Uau't (Jaiarrli e.iirn. r. .?. fllKNKV en., TulMo, O. W. fill) iinilf-ntlLrm'tl, limi kii'Wii K. .1. e tn-ni-f tor Oil) )nKt It inii-. inl hoili'Vi htm iHrf Ht-I jr turn orahln in nU Imi1mii-n iriiiiom limn fiinl fliianrlaay able lu curry out any ,,lil,.'tfilMii iiiA'Im iv tun Arm. W Al.M S'l. hiN.-us M a l; vi n , V'li"liiiii- iM-ni-'g'-t-. Ttilriln O. nll'i eTttRrrh Cum to Inkcii IninriiHllr. arelne directly ijin.ri thn liil mi'l inticyii- urim-i'i or eh yHle-ni. 1 i'MIiihmiI e ni'lil trvv. t'rlcu 75 C0I1U tr buttle. K..I.I l,v ill initrtt:nl. Taka ilttu'i r'u;i:. , l',.nf r mnittpntl'in. Early Labor Strike, In 1832 there) was a ten hour mov ment among the shipwrights and talk ers of New Knglatul, and several strikes resulted, which proved sue cossful. Defiance Starch is thu latest Inven tion In that line and an iinprtivcment on all either makes; It le more ece nomlial, ekics better won;, take.-s lesa time. Get It from auy grocer. When a woman knows h"r husband llkej a book It Is usually his peickot bextk. Yeiu nlwiivie ecf. full vl-.io in Le-wie Sinale; liinilt-r uni'itlit Sc '-'urn. Veiur iluuler or Lewis' I'tc-tory, I'ikjiiu, Hi. Many a man's popularity Is due t his lack of uci:re.iiccl Uiscjimlaatwa.