Gossip of New York
An Interesting Church That Hat Jut Celebrated lU 150th Birth,
day Has Had But Six Pastors During All Those Years, and
All Were Men of Reputation Other Gotham Chatter.
was king of Oreat Hrltaln New York was a village
of from 8.000 to 10.000 Inhabitants and the Koyal standard floated over the
public buildings. The church was used as barracks for the Hessian troops
and in this way was much damaged. An appeal was made to the inhabitants
ot New York and the sum of 963 pounds, three shillings and Blxpence were
paid to the church officials with which to make repairs.
It was several years afterward, in 1756, that the original chapel, which
It Is thought was built soon after the organization of the church, was re
placed by a more pretentious structure.
HAS HAD 8IX REMARKABLE PA8TOR8. ,
All of the six pastors have been men who
have made their impress on the city of New
York, not only in their ministry to the .congrega
tion but by their connection with various organi
zations, religious, patriotic, social and civic.
Itev. Dr. John Mason was the first pastor,
and he was born In Llnglthgowshlre, Scotland,
and was sent from that country, May 25, 1762, to
take charge of the parish. He served as chaplain
In the revolutionary war. He received the degree
of doctor of divinity from Princeton university
His son, Rev. Dr. John M. Mason, succeeded
him, remaining pastor for 17 years. The second
Dr. Mason was educated in Columbia and the
University of Edinburgh. He was called "the
Prince of Preachers," and was an orator. He
founded Columbia Grammar School, was provost
of Columbia college and later became president
of Dickinson college.
The third paBtor was Rev. Robert 15. E. McLeod. He served the church
for 12 years. It was Dr. McLeod who drew up the plan of union between the
general assembly and the Associate Reformed church.
The fourth pastor was Rev. Joseph McElroy. He was shepherd of the
flock for 49 years, until he died, on December 16. 1874, being E4 years old.
The fifth pastor was Dr. Hamilton, who preached during the celebration
ceremonies. He was called to the Scotch church from Belfast, Ireland, Oc
tober 19, 1873, and remained for 17 years, then accepting the pastorate of the
Warren Memorial Presbyterian church, Louisville, Ky.
Dr. Wylie, the present pastor, is rounding out his sixteenth year in the
church. When he had been in charge 15 years the congregation sent him and
Mrs. Wylie on a trip to the Holy Land, Egypt and Europe.
NEW TROUBLE FOR COL. W. D. MANN.
about one -
ber. He and his friends said It was hardly right to burden a magazine for
the general public with a 27-page article, venting Mr. Watson's personal feel
ings against the editor of the Macon (Ga.) Telegraph. Mr. Watson, he held,
had used much space in previous Issues to vent personal .animosity against
political enemies in Georgia.
This unsatisfactory state of affairs led to the announcement from Thom
son, Ga., that Mr. Watson had resigned as editor and would no longer write
for the magazine. It is understood that Mr. Watson, who Is now in the sotitn,
has disposed of his stock in the company. The magazine will continue to ubb
Watson's name, although there may be a fight by Mr. Watson to have the
ASK FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF CENTRAL BANK.
An almost forgotten Institution which once
held tin important rlace lu national finance was
recalled by a proposal by the chamber of com
merco for the establishment of a central bank in
which the government would be Interested.
This Idea was first evolved 116 years ago by
Alexander Hamilton, who proposed the establish
ment of the Hank of the United States, to bo
similar in constitution to the Dank of England.
A charter for this bank was passed by congress,
despite the opposition of Jefferson, Madison and
Edmund Randolph, and when taken into court
the act .was sustained by Chief Justice Marshall.
It was established In Philadelphia with a capital
of $10,000,000, of which the government took one
flfth. Tho stock of the bank was oversubscribed
two hours after the books were opened. Branches
were established at New York, Boston, Baltimore,
Washington, Norfolk, Charleston, Savannah and
New Orleans. In 1811 it reported
amounting to $15,000,000 and specie to
paid up to 1811, when congress refused
and one-half per cent, a year.
One of the causes of the failure of this plan of national finance was the
fact that more than $7,000,000 of its total capitalization of $10,000,000 was
acquired by foreign holders, thus engendering fear that tho country's money
might come under foreign control. The abolition of the institution was duo
in large part to the opposition of Henry
A similar Institution was established in the United States in 1816, the
proposal coming from New York members of congress. The bill was approved
by President Madison and the bpnk, with a capital of $35,000,000, was estab
lished. Eighteen branches were created in different cities and in 1832 it held
total deposits of $14,500,000. Its loans and discounts aggregated $6,000,000
at the maximum.
President Jackson in 1829 announced that the bank had failed to estab
llsh a uniform and sound currency and
national institution rounded upon the
enue. In 1832 President Jackson vetoed a measure for the renewal of the
bank's charter, which expired four years later and ended the experiment.
NEW MEMORIAL HOSPITAL OPEN.
is nearly a
merits are the most remarkable features
Mrs. Graves made the gift In accordance with the expressed wishes of
Mr. Plant., it was his desire that his name should be connected with some
.charitable Institution of a non-sectarian character. St. Luke hospital an
swers this description, caring for members of all religions and sect without
NEW YORK. October marks the milestone
In the history of one ot New York's most inter
esting churches,. the Scotch Presbyterian. It has
just celebrated Its one hundred and fiftieth anni
versary with a serleB of services and ceremonies
lasting through two weeks, in which many noted
men In the denomination from Europe and Amer
ican took part.
In its long life the Scotch church has had
four places of worship and only six pastors. It
was the question of psalm singing that led to the
formation of the church, which early records say
was in 1758, although members of the church who
have studied the matter think the date was much
earlier. The first house of worship was la Cedur
street, between H road way and Nassau street. It
was a modest wooden building, much smaller
than the present church. At the time George III.
Col. W. D. Mann, of Town Topics fame, whd
figured in the news dispatches very prominently
for a considerable period, now has a new trouble
to deal with in connection with Tom Watson's
It will probably be a surprise to many people
to learn that Col. Mann is in any way interested
in the publication which bears the name ot the
Populist leader and philosopher. Col. Mann is
the chief stockholder In the magazine of which
Mr. Watson is the editor, and he and Mr. Watson
had a dispute about money due for editorial serv'
Ices. When Mr. Watson asked for money Col,
Mann criticised the magazine. Mr. Watson found
himself helpless in a fight with Mann, for the
the advantage of a majority of own-
the stock, while Mr. Watson owned only
Mann didn't JIke the September num
deposits amounting to $5,900,000, loans
the value of $5,000,000. Us dividends
to renew its charter, averaged eight
suggested that it be replaced with a
credit of the government and its rev.
Benediction of the new wings of St. Luke's
hospital, the gift ot Mrs. Robert Graves, former
Henry B. Plant, took place recently
and the building Is now occupied by patients. It
is to be known as the Margaret J. Plant Pavilion
and has cost more than $400,000 since K was
Designed by Ernest Flagg in the style of the
French Renaissance, the new structure is eight
stories in height, it has been constructed of white
and marble and occupies a command
overlooking Morningslde Drive. It
block In extent and Is fitted through
the most approved hospital furnishings
and appliances. Sixty-flve rooms for patients
provided, as well as separate kitchens,
rooms and attendants' quarters. From
point of view, tho thoroughly equipped
hydro-therapeutic and electro-therapeutic depart
of ihe new building.
A New Future for
Three Great Water Hiohwaus
Coming Meeting of Rlvermen at St, Louis In November to Be
Marked bu Exploitation of Great Project.
Years ago before the great Iron
trails were stretched across the coun
try and the swift, fiery steads were
passing over them drawing their loads
of human freight and merchandise,
the rivers of the land, especially tho
Mississippi and the Ohio, were the
busy highways of commerce: nut as
the railway systems developed the
river business declined, steamers that
had plowed their way back and forth
between the thriving river towns
ceased to run, and wharves fell Into
decay for the railroad was too strong
a rival, and soon monopolized the
commerce of the country.
Hut of late years there has been a
revival In the direction of the water
highways, and a determined effort
towards utilizing the splendid facili
ties of trade which they afford. New
York has by direct vote of the people
appropriated f 101,000,000 to build a
ship canal from Lake Erie to the Hud
son, so that a cargo loaded in Chicago
or Duluth may sail direct to Ham
burg, Havre, or Liverpool. The city
of Manchester, England, has spent
$100,000,000 to get an outlet to the sea.
Germany, France and England are ex
pending even larger sums in the con
struction of absolutely new cross
country waterways. The Sault Ste.
Marie canal has already paid for It
self in the immense volume of trade
that rushes through its locks. And
all this shows the tendency towards
Movements are on foot both along
the Ohio and the Mississippi river, as
well as along the Missouri, for the Im
provement of those waterways so as
to admit of the use of the larger
steamers. The slogan of the Ohio
River Improvement association Is
Dam the Ohio river from Pittsburg
to Cairo," and there is a similar
slogan being declared by the Missis
sippi River Improvement association,
which says, "Dam the Mississippi
river from St. Paul to New Orleans."
And at a meeting of these two asso
ciations at St. Louis during November
Site of One of the
the matter is to be energetically ex
ploited. The fact that one Mississippi river
tug can convey in six days from St.
Louis to New Orleans boats carrying
10,000 tons of grain, which would re
quire 70 railroad trains of 15 cars
each, shows the possibilities of the
The gathering of rlvermen In St.
Louis In November will bo the great
est coming together of people Inter
ested In America'-) interior waterways
In the history of the country. At its
very outset, the Ohio River Improve
ment association set itself resolutely
to the task or educating congress and
the people of the river states to tho
vast commercial importance of deep
ening the channel from Pittsburg to
Cairo. Its leaders took tho declara
tion of Andrew Carnegie, that "tho re
public now has more than 10,000 miles
of connected river and lake naviga
tion, which supplies the cheapest in
land transportation for materials in
tho world," and they added: "The
Improvement of the Ohio will make it
The Upper Mississippi River Im
provement association was brought
about by an equally patriotic and far
seeing declaration. Four years ago a
committee of representative citizens
called upon the mayor of Qulncy, 111.,
urging some local river Improvements.
After a protracted interview as to the
valuo of purely local Improvements,
the mayor said: "Do you know ut
any attempt having been made on the
part of any congressmen who repre
sent any of the five states bordering
on the upper Mississippi to influence
congress to make an appropriation for
river improvement? Has any effort
been made by the commercial organ
izations, or cities along the river, to
Influence congress to this end?"
"No," was the answer. "But." re
sponded ono citizen, "It will bo done
On that declaration the association
was virtually organized. Us fourth
annual meeting was held In Minneap
olis in October, in November the as
sociation will join with the Ohio asso
ciation in a great waterways' con
gress, which wll, debate the possibili
ties of, and make recommendations
for, the development of a heavy
freight travel from St. Paul and Min
neapolis to New Orleans and from
Great Falls, Mont., on the upper Mis
euurl. to Pittsburg on tho Ohio An
annual appropriation of $30,000,000 for
river and harbor improvements will
be necessary, but there aro Mulberry
Sellers' possibilities in the project, be
fore which the preliminary expendi
ture Rinks Into Insignificance. Al
ready Buffalo, Cleveland and eastern
ports along the great lakes have
awakened to the situation, and are
asking what shall be done In their In
terests when the ship canal from Chi
cago to St. Louis shall divert the traf
fic of l.nke Superior, Lake Huron and
Lake Michigan to St. Louis and New
Orleans Instead of to tho eastern
Preparatory to the reassembling of
this great waterways' congress, which
held a session In Washington last
winter, with 600 river representatives
present, a few freshly compiled facts
and figures concerning tho interests
at stake will be found of value.
.The centers of population and activ
ity in all lines of production have
steadily advanced westwad, until,
without exception, they are now lo
cated in the Mississippi valley. One
half of the population of the United
States resides in what may be cor
rectly termed tho Mississippi valley.
This population has more than dou
bled itself every 25 years of the past
century. Should this rate of increase
be maintained the year 2000 would
find the population no Icbs than C-C0,-000,000.
Tho area of the Mississippi
valley, 1,240,000 square miles, all told,
Is two-fifths of tho whole continental
area of the United States, and more
than two-thirds of its arable surface.
The population has shown a Bteady In
crease. In 1810 tho valley dwellers
numbered but 1,000,000. 1850 the
number had Increased to 8,000,0110.
Nor has the supremacy of the Miss
issippi valley been confined alone to
its increase of people. Tho centers
of corn, cotton, oats and wheat pro
duction, of the number, area find
value of farms, are all within its con
fines. The center of tho corn production
Proposed Wing Dams.
of the United States Is in the great
river which divides Missouri and Illi
nois, about midway tho length of Mis
souri. The center of wheat production Is
75 miles west of Dos Moines, in tho
west central portion of Iowa.
The center of oats production Is
about 100 miles east of De-s Molne3,
in tho east, central portion of Iowa.
The center of tho number of farms
Is in Illinois, 110 miles east or St.
The center of the vnlue of farms Is
39 miles west by northwest of Spring
The center of the farm area of the
country Is 18 miles southwest of Jef
ferson City, Mo.
The center of cotton production la
34 miles north of Jackson, Miss.
The center of manufacturers Is 09
miles west of Cleveland, O.
The center of population In 1900
had advanced westward until It stood
six miles southeast of Columbus, lad.
These are Important factors In what
has been called the "resuscitation of
the Mississippi river." The produce
and the products are In the valley
wnitlug to bo moved; the people are
In tho valley ready to ship and to
travel. All that Is needed Is the crys
tallizing of tho rapidly growing senti
ment Into money with which to "dam
the Mississippi river" and revive tho
waning glory of the packet and of tho
With tho construction of the Chi
rngo-St. Louis canal, freighters loaded
with grain or ore at Duluth could
reach tho Gulf of Mexico without
breaking cargo! and begin their trans
Atlantic voyage there, as they will
from New York, by way of the Erie
The completion of the Panama ca
nal will further revolutionize the traf
fic problem. By means of tho canal
steamers loaded In Duluth, Minneap
olis, St. IxiuIb, Pittsburg, any port
along the great waterways system,
may reach San Francisco, Seattle,
Honolulu, Manila, Yokohama, Hong
kong, without breaking cargo, at
great saving of time and money. Even
the completion of tho Tehuantepec
railroad across the Isthmus of To
huantepec, Mexico, is not without far
reaching result, as frolght can be
transferred across the Isthmus, from
ship hold to ship hold In two days'
timo and at an expeuae of (inly about
two dollars a ton.
IDEAL FOR A HOME
ADVANTAGES OF RESIDENCE IN
Capital City Is Having a Rapid and
Steady Growth in Prosperity and
Beauty Opportunities for
Over a century ago, largely through
the lufluenco of George Washington,
congress consented to locate tho na
tional capital on the banks of the
Potomac, about 12 miles above Mount
Vernon. For many years after tho
actual removal of the seat of govern
ment from Philadelphia, tho new city
had a hard struggle for existence.
Public coffers were practically empty
and tnxes wehe hard to collect, says
tho Washington Star.
The period from 1870 to 1874
marked a new era in tho capital's his
tory. During this time Gov. Shepherd,
a truly remarkable man, who appears
to some to have been a crafty poli
tician, and who is recognized by all as
having been tho founder of tho new
Washington, was at the very height of
his power. Ho graded Btreets, plant
ed trees, dug sewers costing what
then seemed fabulous sums, and spent
about $3,000,000 for wooden street
pavements, which soon rotted away.
In about threo years he incurred a
debt equnl to the price paid to Spain
for the Philippines. Congress was
aghast at this enormous expenditure,
although much of It was Justified, as
results hnve shown. And so, In 1874,
the government was changed from the
then existing territorial form to tho
system now in operation. After three
quarters of a century of vicissitudes,
tho city was finally firmly established.
The last three decades, which really
Include all of Its life since Washing
ton has been a city of any size, have
brought uniform prosperity. In less
than a halt century the population has
grown wonderfully, Increasing from
75,000 In ISf.O to 25,000 In 1906.
Popular Residential City.
This rapid and steady growth leads
so naturally to the conclusion that
Washington possesses . such advan
tages us a place of residence as to
havo prompted many young men to
make their homes by the Potomac.
These advantages may bo very con
veniently grouped us sanitary, eco
nomic, political and educational.
Properly enough, tho first consider
ation which influences a choleo of a
homo Is health. Of prime importance
to the health of a city are the natural
features, location and climate; and of
equal value are r.ll artificial sanitary
measures Tor the prevention and cure
of disease. Washington is situated on
the banks of tho Potomac at Its Junc
tion with the Anacostia river, so that
a water front of considerable extent Is
obtained. Naturally, portions of tho
city near the livers are losv and flat,
but elsewhere the land Is rolling and
well drained. Capitol Hill rises about
100 feet above tide water; and tho
chain of hills which belt the city on
the north nnd wes, and which Include
tho suburbs, aro from three to four
times as high.
Opportunities for Young Men.
Excellent opportunities are extend
ed to young men not. only in the gov
ernment service, but In "tho profes
sions, und In o'her walks ns well.
Positions open In private firms aro
much more numerous und desirable
tluin are generally supposed. Wash
ington Is not primarily a manufactur
ing city, yet the valuo of Us products
In 111(10 reached the very creditable
total of $47,('ii7.(i2'J. The local indus
tries give employment, (o many ex
perts, and to much unskilled labor
likewise'. Then, too, u population of
31!"., 000 affords a wide Held for tho
practice of l:tw und medicine In ull
Tho I'nlted Stales government re
quires an army or 175,000 to keep Its
machinery In operation. Men or every
wulk of life, from t ho sclent 1st and
tho diplomat to the clerk, the Me
chanic and Ihe printer, find employ,
incut lu its service. The selenllllo
work of tho government appeal)! to
men of tal"iit.
It Is us'-loss to repeat Ihe many
very pleasant features of government
service which private employment
does not as a rule afford. Such are
moderate working bouts, annual h ave
and comfortable! building)! In which to
Fine public Institutions.
To many tho National museum will
prove er us much value as the libra-rie-ii.
Exempting tho British museum.
Ihern are few similar Institutions
which surpass it. and It is ucaree-ly
nepialed on this side even by tho
Metropolitan ef Ne-w York and thu
Fie-ld Columbian of Chicago.
Appealing to fewer persons perhaps
than museums, and yet with u greater
power for the spiend of culture, Is an
art gallery. In this regard the na
tional capital Is extremely fortunate
in possessing the Corcetran ceille-ctlon.
e aile-ipiateiy Olid so beautifully
lienised. The gallery makes no claim
to equal some etf the superb redac
tions abroad, but contains m-vertlm-less
many paintings eif excellence), and
is a sourco of Joy to all leivers of beau
tiful pictures and statuary. In at
'.emitting to enumorato tho works etf
rt in Washington ore must not for
feit to memtlon the mural elecoration
if the Library of Congress, and sumo,
ant by no means all, of tho statuos
ibout tho city.
New Paymaster General.
Col. Culver C, Snlfiln, who has Just
een appointed paymaster general, Is
l native of Now York, and ono of tho
most popular men In tho army. Ha
lerved In Cuba during the Spanish war
and for several years was statiouud at
SAVED BABY LYON'S LIFE.
Awful Sight from That Dreadful Com
plaint, Infantile Eczema Mother
Praises Cuticura Remedies.
"Our baby had that dreadful com
plaint, Infantile Eezeuia, which afflict
ed him for several months, commenc
ing at the top of his head, and at last
covering his whole body. Ills suffer
ings were untold and constant misery,
in fact, thero was nothing wo would
not havo done to havo given him re
lief. Wo finally procured a full set of
tho Cuticura Remedies, and lu about
three or four days ho began to show a
brighter spirit and really lauglmd. for
tho first timo in a year. In about
ninety days ho was fully re-rove-rcd.
Praise for tho Cuticura Remedies kas
always been our greatest pleasure,
and there Is nothing too good that we
could say In their favor, for they cer
tainly saved our baby's life, for lie
was the most awful sight that I ever
beheld, prior to tho treatment of the
Cuticura Remedies. Mrs. Maebclle
Lyon, 1826'Appletem Ave., Parsons,
Kan., July 18, r.iO.V
A Letter from School.
They wero talking about boarding
schools, and a lawyer drew a letter
from his pocket.
"My son," he said, "started In at m
new boarding school last week, nnd
hero Is a letter that 1 got from hint
The.' letter was paused about. It
"Dear pa I think I havo got apenda
sects. Tho betys at thii sehoed are
not very nice, but 1 will try neit to
tarn eny bad babbits. 1 do not think
the food Is good, but I would not mind
If I was a little stronger.
"The pie-re of meat enclosed la
what we had on Sunday, but on oth
er days It Is tuffer. Do not mind my
being so uncomfortable, as I do not
think I will last long. Ple'aso send
me a dollar as I owe a boy a dollar.
"Your wretched son, JOHN."
Sheer white goods, In fact, any fine
wash goeti',s when new, owo much of
their attractiveness to tho way they
are laundered, this being dono in a
manner to enhance their textile beau
ty. Hetmo laundering would be equal
ly satisfactory If proper attention was
given to starching, tho first essential
being good Starch, which has sufficient
strength to stiffen, without thickening
the goods. Try Deflanro Starch nnd
you will bo pleasantly surprised at the
Improved appearance of your work.
Women Have Pet Snakes.
A great many snakes aro imported
Into Kngland. There Is a brisk do
mand for snako pets among rich
ladles. It's a funny kind etf pe-t, por
haps, but they seem to like tliein, and
get quite fond etf them. I suppose)
It's because ladles nowadays like tho
unusual. Of course, these pet snakes
are all noupolsonons. l.oudetu Morn
A Good Record.
Out cf all tho external remedies on
tho market wo doubt If thorn is ono
that has. tho record of that world
renowned petrous piaster Allcock'a.
It has now be-on In use for sixty years,
and still con tin ilea to bo as popular as
ever In ehtlng Its great work of re
lieving our pains and ache-s. It Is
tho remedy we all ne'od whe-n suffer
ing fremi any acho etr pain resulting
from taking cold etr overstrain.
Allemck's Plasters are Bold by Drug
Cls.s all over the wetrld.
Infant Trained to 8teal.
A woman has be-e'ii arrested In Paris
carrying In her iirms n four year-old
child which has been trained to snate-h
wateiies and seartplns its Ha metther
carried It threiugii the streets. The!
Infant was seen to grub two watches
and tieveu plus In less thun half an
The extraordinary ptpu1aiit.v ef fine
white goods ibis summer makes the
e hehc of Starch ir matter of greit Importance-.
Defiance Starch, being fre-e
from nil Injurious eiie-mlcals, is the
only one which Is s ite to use on fine
faluiere. Its rrcat strength as a stlff
ener makes half the usual ep-anttty of
Starch iipif'ssary, with the remit tf
perfect llnl-ii, equal to that whi n the
goods were new.
First Persian Parliament,
Tho members of tho new Persian
parliament will be eiected by the)
age-svoles etf nil ntulo I'e-rslans between
tho ages etf HO mid 70 who aro ablet to
re-ael and write, are net! In the service
of the si ate-, and have mt boem con
victed ef crime!.
Ws nfTor etrin llimtlrr-l llollari fti-wlnl fur any
fifn tif ( rtturrtl Hint tunlu'l bo cumii I'JT Uau't
r. .?. fllKNKV en., TulMo, O.
W. fill) iinilf-ntlLrm'tl, limi kii'Wii K. .1. e tn-ni-f
tor Oil) )nKt It inii-. inl hoili'Vi htm iHrf Ht-I jr turn
orahln in nU Imi1mii-n iriiiiom limn fiinl fliianrlaay
able lu curry out any ,,lil,.'tfilMii iiiA'Im iv tun Arm.
W Al.M S'l. hiN.-us M a l; vi n ,
V'li"liiiii- iM-ni-'g'-t-. Ttilriln O.
nll'i eTttRrrh Cum to Inkcii IninriiHllr. arelne
directly ijin.ri thn liil mi'l inticyii- urim-i'i or eh
yHle-ni. 1 i'MIiihmiI e ni'lil trvv. t'rlcu 75 C0I1U tr
buttle. K..I.I l,v ill initrtt:nl.
Taka ilttu'i r'u;i:. , l',.nf r mnittpntl'in.
Early Labor Strike,
In 1832 there) was a ten hour mov
ment among the shipwrights and talk
ers of New Knglatul, and several
strikes resulted, which proved sue
Defiance Starch is thu latest Inven
tion In that line and an iinprtivcment
on all either makes; It le more ece
nomlial, ekics better won;, take.-s lesa
time. Get It from auy grocer.
When a woman knows h"r husband
llkej a book It Is usually his peickot
Yeiu nlwiivie ecf. full vl-.io in Le-wie
Sinale; liinilt-r uni'itlit Sc '-'urn. Veiur
iluuler or Lewis' I'tc-tory, I'ikjiiu, Hi.
Many a man's popularity Is due t
his lack of uci:re.iiccl
xml | txt