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m KYTVY, The Working Girl in the City ",V. ' y' Vrom Boston to San Francisco all the larger cities can boast of their parks which have been established that the people of the cities might not b deprived of the health and blessing of preen grass, shady trees, blooming flowers and other natural attractions. The irk Idea Is a growth of recent years, and yet at the present time It is said that the parks and forest res ervations of the United States have a total area of 88,720,000 acres, equal to that of the Philippine islands or of all of New England. New York state aud West Virginia combined. It is only little, more than half a century since the first park In the I'nlted States was established at Worcester, Mass., and in commemora tion of that event a memorial gateway has recently been erected at the en trance to the park. On the tablet placed on either side of the gateway Is the following inscription: This section of ELM PARK, : i containing 27 acres, deeded to : : the CITY OP WORCESTER, : i March 17 and March 20, 1854. : ! by LEVI LINCOLN and JOHN : : HAMMOND, was the FIRST : : PURCHASE of land for public : : park in the UNITED STATES. : In making this claim the city of Worcester does' not include public squares like Union Square in New York city, land for which was pur chased by the city in 1833 for $116,051. By a "public park" the tablet means a countrylike region within city lim its, with woods and glades and wide .aches of meadow. The man who ' furnished the statistics upon which the tablet is based Is George A. Par ker, superintendent of parks of Hart ford, Conn., and secretary of the Na tional Association of Park Commis sioners. He says that Worcester beat New York city by two years in being the pioneer park city. Andrew J. Downing, he says, started city and state legislation for what is now known as Central Park, New York, but Worcester jumped in ahead and bought 27 acres for a park in 1S54. The first purchase of land for Central Park was in 1S5G. Although New Yoflc city has Indeed been tardy In the purchase of land for parks, it nevertheless has secured, all told, about 7,325 park acres early enough In the development of real estate values to pay for the land one fortieth what it would cost to-day. For Its 223 different parks New York city has spent about $50,000,000. This includes only the cost of the ground. At the present time these parks rep resent, so real estate men say, an In vestment of $2,000,000,000, a sum equal to the total revenues of Switz erland for 200 years, and enough to pay the Interest for 17 months on the national debts of all the countries In the world. Central Park alone Is val ued at $500,000,000, or enough to wipe out the entire debt of the city, yet half a century ago its 843 acres were bought for a little more than a hun dredth part of this amount, or $5,028. 344. In spite of the great cost of land In New York city, nevertheless, more park acres have been acquired within Its boundaries than may be found within the limits of any other Ameri can city. It possesses as many park acres as are contained In Chicago, Baltimore. Cincinnati and Indianapolis combined. In the last ten years the BoBton Metropolitan Park Commissioners have purchased 8.000 acres, of 670 more than the entire park area of New York city, for $8,000,000. The to tal area of all the parks within the metropolitan district Is about 15.000 acres, or about twice that possessed by New York city. The largest of tho parks in the Bos ton metropolitan district is the Blue Hills reservation, with an area of 4,867 acres, or 780 acres move than are Included in all of the big Itronx parks. It is covered with forests, riv ers, lakes and-ponds, and is to be kept In all Its native wildness. All the Ilos ton parks are situated within 11 miles of the state house, and within this same radius live 1,200,000 persons, a little less than the population of Hrooklyn, which has a total park area of 1.2W acres. Chicago, however, plans to go far ahead of Boston. Believing that In 50 years It will swell out four times greater than its present Blze, with a population of 8,000,000, the metropolis of the Ureal Lakes authorized a com mission to draw up an outer park system commensurate with Us on J , I ' - N- J Ideas. This commission has made Its report, and advocates the acquisition of 37.000 acres, extending 25 miles Into the country, and costing, It Is es timated, about $25,000,000. To the north, where the shore of Lake Michi gan rises Into bluffs, with wooded ra vines, there ts to be a park of 7,000 acres; In the west another of 8.000 acres. The valley of the Desplalnes river, skirted with woods and mead ows, is to afford a park drive 23 miles in length. In the southwest tho for estB of the Palos region are to be made Into a park larger than the Blue Hills Reservation, near Boston, and toward the south a preserve around Lako Calumet will afford a recreation space for the toilers of South Chicago and Pullman. Then there are many more smaller parks proiwsed, 84 In all. At present Chicago has 3,169 park acres, so that the addition of the outer park system would make a total of 40,000 acres, or nearly three times the size of the Island of Manhattan. Conservative Providence, while not talking so much as Chicago and not aspiring to beat every other city in the country, Is quietly working on an outer park system which will, In pro portion to the population of the city and its suburbs, compare favorably with the Boston park system. These outer parks are to be acquired along the shores of water courses like the Seekonk, the Pawtuxet and the Ten Mile rivers. These are all to be con nectod by parkways, along which the country is to be left in Its native wild ness. Philadelphia, which, until 1880, had more park area than any other Amer lean city, hi now (with much difficulty. It must be said) awakening to the fact that she has fallen far behind. Public-spirited citizens, among whom are members of leading clubs, academies. societies and civic associations, have leagued themselves together under the name of the Philadelphia Allied Or ganizations for the purpose of having the Quaker City regain her lost pres tige and acquire a comprehensive park system "that will be second to none In the country." Weak Point The woman awoke and found the bold burglar rummaging in tho ward robe. "I am going to call the police," she exclaimed, placing her hand on the alarm button. "Blast the luck!" mumbled the in. truder. "That's what 1 get for being careful." "Careful?" "Yes; I could have ransacked that wardrobe ten minutes ago, but I was unusually careful for fear of injuring that beautiful autumn hat.'' "You you really tllnk It pretty?" "Pretty? Why, it Is gorgeous, ma'am, and rather than displace a feather in It I ran the risk of being captured. You wouldn't call the ollce now, would you?" "N-no, I guess you can go this time. And slipping a couple of silver hair brushes In his pocket the burglar winked at the cuckoo clock and van ished. Chicago Dally News. Lights for Cattle. I hope you will be able to spare me space to put before the public the ne cessity of cattle and sheep carrying lights at nights on public roads in these days of rapid locomotion, says a communication to tho Scotsman. There have been many accidents, both to motorists and cyclists, owing to the fact of sheep and cattle not carrying lights. It would surely be a very simple thing for shepherds to carry lights both in front and behind their flocks, with glass of three colors, suy red, green ami white, so that a flock of sheep may be distinguished from all other traffic. Automobile Proposal. The big green automobile sped down the frosty road. Above the noisy 'chug chug" of the machine he had proposed and had been refused. "Life is not worth living," he sighed. "My heart is punctured." The beauti ful girl snillnd. "Thank goodness!" she excluimed In great relief. "Thank goodness for what?" "That it ts your heart that Is punc tured and not a tire. We are 20 miles from a repair station." Without a word ho put on full speed and ran over a pig and two cows just to let his feelings out FORCED TO SEEK RECREATION IN PUBLIC PLACES. Crowded and Unattractive Homes Make Such Action Necessary Have Legitimate Title to Fun and Agreeable Society. BY MARGARET E. 8ANCSTER. Anywhere on the east side of New York or in a similar. quarter in any large commercial city, tho streets overflow with young people In the evenings. If there happens to be a park or a bit of open space with an occasional tree and benches here and there, the student of social conditions will note that a good deal of uncon cealed love-making Is going on. Young men Bit' unabashed, with their arms around the waists of girls who do not seem embarrassed by tho smiles or stares of spectators. Girls and men stroll up and down, linger on shadowy corners or in the glare of the electric lights, as If reluctant to leave one another's company. Cheap theaters, circuses. Ice cream saloons and vcrlety shows attract these young folk who have never heard that a chaperone Is necessary, and who would find the presence of one super fluous. Their friends discuss them and their affairs In a fashion not meant to be 'vulgar, which yet would cause a shiver of disgust and elicit the adjective common in more polite and more fastidious circles. "Sophy Is walking with her fellow." "Michel Is treating his girl," are fa miliar expressions as Michel loads the way to a table near a window and or ders heaping saucers of pink Ice cream, while Sophy and her particular wain saunter slowly by. There are not wanting severe critics who frown on this public display of courtship, and who regard with deep disapproval the manner In which work ing girls, children of foreign parents, or themselves foreign born, girls who belong distinctly to the class that is at the foot of the ladder and only be ginning to climb, spend their evenings. Home Is tho place for young women. These girls should stay by their fa thers and mothers; when their work In over they should And enjoyment with in their own doors. So in various de grees of censure the verdict is pro nounced by fortunate outsiders who realize nothing whatever of the condi tions that obtain In the average tene ment home. Should these girls stay there after a long hard day's work? Would you do so in their place? Let us see. The ordinary abode of a thrifty artisan, mechanic or laborer in New York, the city with which I am most familiar. Is either a five-room or a three-room flat. This flat Is sand wiched by close squeezing and crowd ing Into a house containing a number of stories, earh reached by a dark and narrow stairway in the middle of the house. Tho halls are tho morest scraps and are usually dark. Some times light comes from an airshaft, hut not always. The windows at the front and rear admit air and light, but the middle rooms are dark and are generally destitute of proier venti lation. The odors of tobacco, whisky, onions and Irish stew with an Inde scribable flavor of cabbage and cheese, mingle and linger in these homes of poverty. If the housewife is notable, they are decently clean; if rot, grease, dirt and vermin of all sorts have tho right of way. A family of six or eight persons Is often housed In a three room flat. A family of tho same size possessing themselves of a five-room flat take in a boarder or two or a married pair and a baby. The econ omy of spaco and the eloscncs3 of sleeping quarters baffle description. Rents nro so out of proiortlon to the Work Bag Easily Dainty, Appropriate, and Welcome Gift. Always For any friends who aro housekeep ers, bugs of all sorts and all pur poses aro always welcome presents. For a friend who Is never Idle, the work bag hero Illustrated would be privileges they cover that how to pay them is a never-settled problem. Tho spectre of the rent, grim and gaunt stalks through the noisome and reek ing streets of the tenement neighbor hood, bows women's shoulders, deep ens the furrows and prematurely ages the faces of men still young. As for comfort. It Is an unknown quan tity. Life Is one hard, desperate, ter rible Btragglc. Opportunities for privacy are wholly lucking. When tho working girl emerges from such a home In tho morning trim and tidy, looking as If she had taken a bath and combed her hair In her own room, as her sisters on tho Avenue do, tho re sult Is simply another proof of the miraculous powers of conquering cir cumstances that Inhere In the modern woman.' The only spot In most of these homes where any of the family may bathe nnd comb their hair Is tho kitchen which Is also living room and dining-room by day und sleeping room by night, for two or three per sons who camp down on a mutress spread on tho floor. A working girl who has stood at her loom or sat at her desk or waited on customers all day, Is tired at night fall and wants fresh air and exercise. Sbo wants beside these precisely what the millionaire's daughter wants, agreeable society, a little fun, whole some entertainment and a pleasant time. She has not a single Inch of space whero she may talk and jest with her friends, under her own roof. Therefore, she and her friends seek relaxation whero they may and the street In good weather generally finds them there. They are really much better off out of doors than In when the weather Is fine. To nccuso young girls or young men In circumstances like theirs of willful neglect of home or of conduct bordering on Indelicacy, is arrant folly. They are merely making a fight for rest and health, and for the fun to which young people have a legitimate title. But tho girls by no means spend all their evenings In tho company of their admirers and friends of the other sex. A working girl who Is ambitious knows that her deficient education must bo supplemented by evening study, if Bho is to advance In tho wago rate and to reach whatever top notch Is the goal on which her eyes aro set. Thousands of young girls early Interrupted In their studies by tho dire need In their homes, valiant ly attack difficult text books and will ingly work In the evening schools during the autumn and winter. When the girls go gayiy off to spend an evening at one of their clubs or at a college settlement, their mothers havo no fear concerning them, and settle down without anxiety to the neighborly chat or the low-toned gos sip punctuated with laughter, which are their recreations when tho hus band has gone to the saloon and the babies are asleep. The saloon, the trap Into which so much money falls that ought to be spent for the good of the family. Is the shadow forever in the background In tenement life. It has Its spacious temptations for the young working girl; Its side entrances. Its reading room where there are curds and showy pictorial papers nnd where lurk perils of the worst stamp for the girl and her lover. The street Is snrer for the girl than the brightly lighted saloon with Its superficial good fellowship nnd Its temptation to drink anil make- merry with evil com panions. Tlie working girl cannot be expect ed to spend very many evenings In Just the home that modern conditions allow her to have. There Is too much noise, there is too much crow .ling, there are scolding mothers, drunken fathers and crying babies. Well for her If a Parish Mouse, a Working Girls' Club or n Settlement numbers her among Its constant habitues (Copyright. mofi.by Joseph B. Bowles.) Made at Home X- an appropriate gift. It is nsc-riil nnd may be ornamental as well. .Make It of any material preferred. Art cretonne was chosen In tills In stance for the outside, and plain pink sateen for the inside. Cut n perfect circle nbout 18 Inches in diameter of both materials, stitch the little pock et and the pinked Annuel for needles to the lining its shown. Then place the two circles together, bind the outer edge over II! 1(1 stitch down neat ly. Place little rings on the outside through which run the ribbon to druw tin! bag up. Tills idea can be Im proved by covering t-e rings (cro cheting over them) and by feather stitching the edge. This ling is ce. signed tci hold catch up work for odd moments, but could be used for other purposes. To add to tho value of the ;;ift,onci might Include a thimble, an emery and a:i embroidery scissors, or a bit of work such as a dolly or tra cloth. Calfskin and pony skin coals ai--worn with sable and niink-stolo ai.d muff. In this caso the skirt and spurs are usually brown. -pp- - - OQ w- "T!! qm-wnvfcz miium The rapid development of the west and the fact that the Indian Is no longer a menace to tin- welfare and safety of the settlers has forced upon the consciousness of the war depart ment the tiselessness of longer main taining many of the forts which have dotted the western plains and moun tain districts for years. For this rea son many historic spots dear to the novelist and the historian, but realty dreaded by tho common soldier, are to puss away, and of the 275 posts now in existence from 100 to 150 will be aban doned. This action follows a tour of In spection and Investigation by Secre tary Tart or the war department, which was undertaken for the two fold purpose of selecting sites for n chain of brigadier pouts, and the determin ing winch of the minor posts could be best dispensed with. It Is prohulilc that with the abandonment of the posts eight or nine brigadier posts will be established. Only a few days ago came the an nouncement of the abandonment of Fort Niobrara, Nebraska, around w hich half a century ago raged an almost In cessant Indian warfare and which bus been the scene of many military romances. For several years the gov ernment has been abandoning one by one of these frontier posts and con centrating the troops at the larger forts. Recently there have been aban doned these posts, once of Importance: Fort Brown, Texas; Fort Grant, Ari zona; Fort Ringgold. Texas; Fort Yates, North Dakota; Allegheny Arse nal, Pennsylvania; Columbia Arsenal. Tennessee; Indianapolis Arsenal, In diana, nnd Kennebec Arsenal, Maine. "The purpose of these changes," said an army officer. "Is In accordance with the general plan of nrmy reor ganization. It will be much less ex pensive to maintain large bodies of men at central points than it is to maintain small scattered garrisons which are often one or two hundred miles from the railroad ami where the supplies must be transported by wagon. "Furthermore, discipline can be much better preserved nnd an army raised to a higher degree of proficiency wheti the men are held In large bodies. It Is believed, too. that the soldiers, having more companionship and more commodious cpinrte-rs in a huge fort, will be less likely to desert than when stationed In lonely and remote places. "Fort Kthau Allen, about six miles from Burlington, 't.. which was estab lished principally through the Inlln ence of Senator ftedlleld Proctor, will probably bo made one of the brigadier posts of the east. The present reser vation contains H62 acres, iind when the proposeil additions me made to en large the drill grounds It will cover 1 ,.' acres. Since lis establishment, about ten years ago, the government has spent close- on to t L'.lMlil.niin on this post. "Secretary Taft was very favorably Impressed, too, with Fort I). A. Rus sell. Wyoming, which is the home of Senator Warren, chairman of the sen Hte committee on military affairs. He, nlso Inspected another Important post, Fort Robinson, in Nebraska. The so lection of a largo post for that part of thit country wlli most probably be made from these two. On the I'nciiic coast Vancouver barracks, Washing ton; the Presidio at .Monterey. Cnl.. nnd Home- fort in southern California will likely be retained. Foil Oule tborpe, (ieorgia: Fort Douglas, tiah. and Fort l. II. Wright. Washington, are also mentioned favorably as can cllilales for brigadier honors. "The secretary was especially im pressed with Korts Leavenworth and Riley in Khiisiis. pint Sill In Okla homa und Fort Sum Houston, near San Antonio. Tex. "Of course these brigadier posts will not be the only army posts that the country will maintain. Smaller garrisons will lie continued m m , forts as Smiling, near St. Paul, and important points in the Interior and along the coasts. Hut leaving these ut there still remain nearly l.'.u posts that can lie disposed with without in jury to the service." Fort Sill has for a number of years bee ii considered one- of the most mi portant posts of the Indian territory. The rc .-ei valion c ontnlns .Ml.nuu acres, and adjoining this In PI, null ncres more T.hlc-h may lie t:s"d for inilllaty pur I o: c s. The departnii'iit plnns to make this especially u post for the Instruc tion ami tra.ning of t.eld artillery. I '.i Hi 1 1 1 1 y an 1 Leavenworth, the inn Kansas forts, have figured not c nlv in the histoiy of the state, but , ul.o hi thu development of the west. Riley, near Junction City, has for th last few years been the scene of ex-te-nslvo maneuvers of regulars, ns well as of the militia of Kansas and neigh boring state's. The reservation Is ex tensive and Is considered by army of ficers as especially adapted to the drilling of large bodies of men. Tho department has kept up here for sev eral years a school eif instruction In tinny cooking. The best known of all these forts Is Leavenworth. It was established In 1817 on a bluff overlooking the Mis souri river, ami during the years of the settlement of the great west that lies between the Missouri nnd tho Rocky mountains It was the principal de-pot of supplies for the posts that sprang up on the plains Tor the pro tection of the settlers. From here also were sent out tho military escorts for the wagon trains that crossed to the- gold fields of Cali fornia and Colorado and to the sllve-r mines of Mexico, that guarded the wagon trains along the- old Santa l-V trail and the pony cxpre-ss riders te Denver and the mountain country. Here some of the- men who did dis tinguished service dining the- civil war lined their first training In actual lli'bl duty. Gen. Lee was oiie of the commainlants of the post. Gen. Grant serve-el he-re s a young oltleer. and part of the old wall of the reservation was built under bis supervision. In the army at the- present tlm there- are few officers but have bait experience nt Leavenworth, either on duly there or ns students at one- of the officers' schools. The town of Leaven worth, adjoining tin- post. Is Jocularly known as the- "mother In law of the army," for It Is a fact that Leaven worth has married more- of In-r girls to officers than any oilier town in I lit country. Land forming part of this reserva tion, which was In the- beginning very extensive, has in some e ases been sold and In others appropriated for various either purposes. The- largest ed I'nileil Slates prisons, which houses a fatuous collection of bankers, us well an of western desperadoes. Is situated here-. This has made necessary the purchase- of additional land to carry out the plans of the- department, mid au Ihoriiilion will be asked for the- purchase- of not inure than (i.lluo nctes. The land that Is ilcslrcil lies across the Missouri liver and Is reached by an old bridge, one- of tin- fitsf built in tin- Missouri valley. Of till the- Kansas forts these two are the only ones that remain The iiami-s eif others well known In frem tier history are preserved In lhe names of the- towns which giew up under their protection, as Fori Dodge, Fori Scott and Haves, I. allied and eV'iiiii-r. Many of the old forts In the Indian country. In the ncighhot hood of Utile Big Horn, have been abandoned, lor e usii'i s reel sKinneit roe-ie are- now peaceful farmers, and the buildings) that sliellere-il the troopers are in many Instances converted into schools for their children. With the capture of Gt-ronimo ami the- removal of many of the- southwest tribes to other rese-rv at ions the- use--liilue-ss of the foils in Arizona ami New Mexico was ended. Fort Grant, one- of the most important in tin soul h w est . was several years ago abandoned, ami Fort Apache, Amzom.i. w III soon be ev acuated Reno is pel baps the- best I. nou n of the Indian territory forts. II was built years ami In the henrl of the Chey enne and Ainpnhoc i-onnliy. and from It troops were sent against the- many hostile tribes of noilliern Texas ami tin- Territory. Old army tegiste-rs de scribe its situation ns "I'll miles soul h of Wichita. Kas." The route of tint .lai-on trains southward from n rail wuv Flatioii to Reno was one of great peril, and many trains were- captured b. mai uudliig hands of Indians. A tragic incident In the history of the foil was the Hennessey massacre. Pat I lennessey. an old frontiersman, was the dilver In charge- of a train of supplies I rum Kansas. When about ball' the distance to Reno he was set neon by f'heyenni-s. lie nnd bis comrades parked tln-ir wagons and for three- days held their eiiemj at n distance. Wh-n troops linallv arrive d from Reno for their m-lie-f all the iin-.-i we re- dead and sci.lpeel, but that the y had sold their lives eb-ur-y was atli ste-d by the number of dead savages. It-, the tide of each man's body was a pile of empty r.nrtrlele shells. Not a Mimic h ailed ( no was found. Only when lie last s'not was fired bud line Indians :nicceediil in (iosliiQ la Utt thrui.