Newspaper Page Text
-222 J Dr. Wiley I chief of the Bureau of Chemistry of the Department of Agri culture. He i the man who recently studied the effect of boric acid and borax on the "poison squad." OLD CURIOSITY SHOP. QUAINT NEW HAMPSHIRE STORE FILLED WITH ANCIENT RELIC8. Historic Clock Brought to Little Town of Walpole About 150 Years Ago Among Possessions of D. W. Smith, the Shopkeeper. Walpole, N. H. Walpole has an old curiosity shop of more than local fame. For a number of years Wal pole has been noted for its summer visitors. Through them the little old curiosity shop has gained a wide reputation, and with its property, a lifelong resident of the town Is now pointed out as one of the sights of the village. Walpole is one of the roost historla places In the state, and lies in a his toric country. Just across the river the first blood of the revolution was shed at the Westminster court house and the first bridge across the Con necticut was constructed. Here was the first settlement in this part of New England. Most of the houses are 135 years or more old and many date back even earlier. About ten years ago Daniel W. SHIP HAS. A NARROW E8CAPE. Meteor from the Heavens Just Misses the Ocean Liner. New York. The narrow escape of a liner from destruction by a meteor is related by Capt. Anderson, of the Afrl--an Prjnce, one of the vessels of tho Prince line. Writing to his principals, le says: "On the evening of October 17 I was in the bridge with the second officer, when suddenly the dark night was as Ight as day and an immense meteor shot, comparatively slowly at first, be 'a use the direction was so very per pendicular to our position, then more -anldly, toward the earth. Its train :if light was an Immense broad elec-:rlc-colored band, gradually turning to -range and then to the color of molten metal. "When the meteor came into the tenser atmosphere close to the earth II appeared, as nearly as it is possible lo describe it, like a molten mass of metal being poured out. It entered Lho water with a hissing noise close to the ship and the consequence had it struck the ship would have been an nihilation without doubt and hot a soul left to tefr the story of another mysterious loss of a vessel in every way fitted to undertake the voyage. I am of opinion that some such cause must be attributed to losses so mys terious that neither steamship en gineering nor ordinary theory can ex plain them." The Cotton Crop New State Will Raise 1,000,000 Bales the Present Year. Kansas City, Mo. Some cotton brokers estimate that Oklahoma and Indian territory will raise 1,000,000 hales this year. This means $50,000, oOO paid in cash in about one-half the geographical area of the state, or al most $50 per capita to every man, woman and child. The cotton is run ning from 35 to 37 per cent. lint. In !uthrle 1,350 pounds of seed cotton produced 5S0 pounds of lint. The staple is good and late weather condi tions have been favorable to color. ' The complaint of all cotton men Is the shortage of cars and the scarcity of labor. To-relieve the pressure railroad companies are moving both baled and seed cotton in open flat cars. Tho danger iom fire is great, every passing locomotive scattering a shower of sparks. Once Ignited a bale of cotton is almost Inextinguishable. Fire eats Into the lint faster than water can follow it. The safest way Is to pick out the burning Cotton by hand. Fire has been found in cotton bales after they had floated 200 miles down a river. Many costly fires have Food Expert Smith, then quite an old man, became Interested in family relics and heir looms and began Blowly to gather to gether a collection of antiques. Since that time he has picked up many valu able and historic articles from the most improbable places. He takes the material collected from miles around to his little red shop, near the center of the town, and there It lies until tinder his masterly touch it is transformed from a rusty relic of the past into a thing of beauty. Mr. Smith's shop itself looks its part. - It Is situated well back from the road, and Is as ancient looking as the contents within. Mr. Smith himself Is a quiet, unassuming person. He is white-haired and old, but his kindly eyes shine forth a welcome to all visi tors. If one Is able to strike him in a rem iniscent mood he will tell interesting tales of his most valuable pieces, re lating the deeds and lives of tho first Inhabitants of the town over 200 years ago. Many articles were picked up under peculiar circumstances, and their his tory is most entertaining. This building is his workshop and TO RAZE A NOTED PRISON. 4ISt!h RICAL LANDMARK OP PARIS WILL BE TORN DOWN. Prison of St. Lazare, Where St. Vin cent de Paul Med, Now a Moral Plague Spot Was Sacked During Revolution. Paris. The famous prison" of St. Lazare, one of the great historic land marks of Paris, is about to be pulled down, and what for some years has been a moral and physical plague Bpot will give way to fine, open squares and commodious dwellings. Romantic and tragic memories cling about the old structure. St. Lazare, as its name Indicates, was at first a lepers' hospi tal built at the end of tho eleventh century on the site of a basilica dedi cated to St. Laurent. It sprung rap idly Into fame, for kings used fre quently to visit it in token of humili ty and faith. In 1632, leprosy having practically disappeared In France, tho hospital was handed over to St. Vincent do Paul, who established there a number of priests of his mission known as the congregation of St. Lazare. St. Vincent himself died at St. Lazare, and his cell Is still shown to visitors with two stones worn hollow by the knees of tho saint. St. Vincent's suc of Oklahoma. taken place at compresses and rail road yards In the two territories this season. The demand for laboY In Oklahoma and Indian territory was never be fore so great. It is desirable, to run com i) res sea the greatest possible num ber of hours. A number of compresses ' arc Idle on Sundays because tho men j are unwilling to work seven days a week, though offered $2.50 on Sun day. Keeps Currants 26 Years. Hagerstown, Md. Mr. and Mrs. Le vin D. Spessard, of Chewsvllle, Wash ington county, gave a reception at their home in honor of Victor D. Har tle and his bride, the latter being a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Spessard. At the dinner, which was served to the CO odd guests, were pies made of currants that had been canned by Mrs. Spessard 20 years ago. Tho cur rants were as good as if put up only la3t year. Has Much Public Business. Notwithstanding the public build lags owned by New York city it payi la rents $332,000 annually. home, where he spends all of his tima when not traveling about the country. One of the most Interesting rooms Is filled with the skeletons of former glory, which he has gathered together from every direction. In one corner Is an apparent pllo of Iron junk, but from this will coma an anclcjit clock of mrjostlc proportion. Pits of bro ken china almost worth Its v.'clght in pold will be cunningly glued togothor. Datte-ed pes ter seta will be ham meted into shape ajaln. Ia the r.cxt room may be seen tho objects ready for tho finishing fetiches. Aa soon as he finishes an article Mr. Smith stores It in his rooms upstairs. Here several rooms are filled with beautiful pieces of furniture, precious ehir.i brought over from the old country many years ao, pewter plates r.nd platters cherished by the thrifty Puritan housewife, as well as the many curious Implements used In thone days. The most valuable thins In the shop Is a clock which .Mr. Smith picked up several years ago In a fnrmhouao away bnck on the hills. Tho children had ployed with the works until they were almost beyond repair, and tho ease was about to be consigned to tho woodpile. Its exact ape is not known, bat It is certain that It was brought to Walpole by one of the early pion eers, John Kllburn, about 1750. This clock Is especially vnluable to tho town, as Mr. Kllburn was prominent ly connected with its early history, it Is Mr. Smith's intention to present it to tho library of Walpole. Mr. Smith hn3 several high boys, bu reaus and desks brought from Holland and Kngland fully 150 years ago. some of which are beautifully carved and Inlaid. A picture embroidery made before the revolution is another valu able relic, as Is a flintlock pistol cap tured from a British officer in the bat tle of Bennington by one of the an cestors of a prominent family near here. Other ancient firearms, includ ing a sword from the battle of Hunk er Hill, are numerous. In china Mr. Smith has several rare pieces of old Dedham ware which are estimated to be at least 125 years old. Its Taste. "My husband," she said, "doesn't know what whisky tastes like." "Neither do I," replied the man who could quit drinking whenever ho wanted to. "The stuff we get Is all diluted with prune Juice or something else that spoils the real taste of It." His Experience. "After all," said the philosopher, "the real joy of a thing is in the anti cipation of it." "Well," replied Henpeck, "if there's any joy in matrimony that must be it" The Catholic Standard and Times. cessors neglected the work commenc ed by him and the house was turned into a sort of reformatory for insub ordinate priests and unruly sprigs of nobility for whom their parents had secured "lettres de cachot." The LazaristB having stored large quantities of provisions in view of a possible famine the mob of Paris sacked the establishment on July 13, 1789, the eve of the storming of the Bastille, and released 40 prisoners. During the terror many "cl-devants" were confined there before being tried by the revolutionary tribunal. It was from St. Lazare that Andre Chenler was led to the guillotine. After the revolution the surrounding lands were sold and built upon, St. Lazare itself remaining a prison, but only women were confined there. Many celebrated female offenders have been lodged at St. Lazare while awaiting trial, among them the fam ous Mme. Humbert. From the hospital which adjoins tho prison a long subterranean passage leads to tho plain of St. Denis and in 1871 a number of federals esoaiied from Paris through this tunnel. Of recent yenrs the prison has been used solely for the confinement of tho pitiful outcasts of society who are gathered in from tho streets and boulevards of Paris. Letters Save .Detective's Life. Trenton, N. J. A package of letters In his Insido pocket saved the life of Isaac I'pdlte. Updlle Is a detective employed by a railroad company, and It Is his business to catch trespassers on tho railroad procrty. He camo across threo tough looking Individuals, and, catching one of them, ho ehulned him to a barbed wlro fenco while ho turned his attention to the others. One of the men suddenly pulled a re volver from his jKickct and ordered Updito to release his partner. Cpdlte paid no attention to the demand. The tramp pressed his revolver against Cpdlte's sldo and Hied. The bullet cut Its way half through a package of letters and railroad tickets and stopped, in the excitement the tramp was releasod from tl.o fence and the three escaped in the darknc.su. He Mistook. He was treating bis pretty city cousin to the opera. "Wouldn't you like to step out and get u libretto, Josh?" sho said, as tho first curtain fell. "No," said ho, "by gosh. I wouldn't. A feller what can't set out a show 'thout sneakln' out 'twlxt every act for librettos and cocktails and slch ain't no man, 'cordln' to my way of thinking." CIL WELLS IN THE APENNINES. f-rench Corporation Obtains Valuable Concessions From Italy. Rome. Tim existence of deposits of petroleum of considerable Import ance Is not generally kr.cwn even to the Italians. As early os ISM a French company obtained a concession from the Italian government to explore a certain tract In the Apennines, uear riacinsa, and to exploit any deposits of p-troleum found there. The success of this com pany was sti.lieient to cause the form ation of another French syndicate four years n?o and last July I '.u se two were absorbed by a (lenocre company with a enpitnl of $3,no(,fion. The wells already bored are some 95 In number, of which 70 are practically exhausted. The remaining 25 produced about 13, 200,000 pounds of crude oil in 1905. and with tho elsht wells now horine it .Is expected that the total produe- tion for 1900 will reach oveV 22.000,000 pounds. The concession of the new company comprises about ll.Oon ncres nnd. as It is said to be all petroleum bearing, a great development or this Industry may be expected In the next few years. The wells, none of which nre "push ers," reach a maximum depth of 1,300 feet and the engineers in charge say that these which are exhausted may be made to yield again by deepening. This has not as yet been undertaken, perhaps because by tho terms of the grant. It Is necessary to bore new wells in order to maintain control of the ter ritory. It Is curious to note that, a central motor Is used to operate by means of cables the pumps ef the various wells. It Is said that In the refining process as carried on here there Is a net loss of three per cent. $2,000,000 TO REMOVE A LAKE. Steel Trust Will Drain It Because It Floods a Minnesota Mine. Duluth, Minn. The 1'nlted States Steel corporation Is preparing to spend nearly $2,000,000 In draining Trout lake, seven miles from Grand Rapids, Minn., and reducing what is now a beautiful body of water four miles long and a mile wide, to a mere mud hole. Trout lake Is near tho Canlsteo mine, which has been opened by the steel trust. Into the deep shafts that have been sunk water from the lake pours constantly, making It neceBsnry tw work the pumps day and night. With the enlarging of the underground workings, tho expense from the ex cessive moisture in the soil will in crease. So the trust decided to get rid of the lake. For some time agents of the corpo ration have been purchasing and ob taining options on the land abutting the lake shore. This work is about finished, and It Is expected that be fore long a deep canal will bo built that will carry the water Into Swan river, several miles away. The towns of Ilovey and Colc-aln are situated at one end of Trout lake. They are beauty spots, especially In summer, because of the lake, which is a favorite resort for campers and fish ermen. Hut these towns have nothing to say about the fate of the lake be cause they are practically controlled by the iron mine Interests. REFUSES TO BURY DEAD. Richmond (Va.) Clergyman Does Not Believe In Funeral Services. Richmond, Va. The people of Rich mond were much surprised when It became noised abroad that Rev. John W. Dougherty, pastor of the Apostolic church, had refused to conduct the funeral services over the remains of Joseph Heywood, who was killed by falling from a smokestack. The funeral took place from the Denny street Methodist Episcopal church. Rev. Charles H. Oallagher, the pastor, officiating. When asked to explain his course Mr. Dougherty said: "My authority Is tho word of Ood. In my ministrations as pastor I have served for 18 years, and my present convictions are the logical conse quence -f long periods of devotional thought. As to the burial or dead bodies, of course, I raise no objections. It Is a necessary and sanitary prac tice. My protcxt. Is raised only where religious observances are called for. I hold this to be n violation of (be urlnclples nnd practices of Christ. Christ came to resurrect, not to bury. Hie dead, and ultliough he was burled tie burst his scpuleher, defying death ind the chnrnel customs of those who would bury the dead. I therefore hold hat the dead should bury the dead. My mission Is to save the living. It is nowhere in script lire recommended 'hat the dead be buried by church ob servances. Christ distinctly by precept md example to tho contrary of this iractlcc." Will Keep Eyes on Men. Superior, eVIs. -Several girls or this city have formed a girls' protective HBKocluflon. It Is a sort of lovo trust. Its purpose Is to keep tab on young men of tho city. They will keep each ither Informed as to actions of tho men f nd protect members of tho soci ety from attentions of any youth against whom there Is the slightest breath of suspicion. If a member hears of any young man falling by tho wayside she Immediately roKrls to tho rest. That young fellow Is thereafter tabooed. On the eontrary. If a young man shows signs of refor mation this also Is noted. Ho Is cor respondingly encouraged. The disco,'. iry of the organization has created qulto a furore among young men of the city. All are wondering how Ihey stand on the books of the society, Giant California Cedar. rn-r-raiiir 1 1 iiriiiirT?iiiiiiTf iiImimimiI n m t"lii'i'n ihmi.i From atrrrotrmpll, C"PJrtM, kjr ln.len.ixvl I n.ierwood, K. T. Room In the Old Hutching house first In the valley built arcund ar eight-foot Cedar tree, Yosemite valley, California. GOLD IN PHILIPPINE ISLANDS. AURIFEROUS DISTRICTS FOUND IN TWO OF ISLANDS. Ore is Low-Grade but Can Be Mined With Profit Bullion Bars Are Sent to Manila For Shipment. Manila. The chief subject of Inter est In the tslunds at this time Is gold mining. After two or three years of pioneer work on the part of enter prising prospectors results are begin ning to nppear and even those who were most skeptical uro no longer sit ting In the seorner's chair. It has been demonstrated beyond the pernd venture of a doubt that these islands contain gold In paying quantities. It is a low-grade ore proposition, how ever, such as that of parts of the Klon dike and all of the auriferous region of South Africa, and offers no induce ment to the man with the pan or cra dle. In this case It takes gold to get gold. The two gold bearing districts are the province of llenguet, in tho northern part of tho Island of Luzon, and the Island of Masluiie, In the south. On many claims In both of these places considerable development work has been done. Probnbly In the neighborhood of $t00.000, exclusive of labor, has already been expended In actual cash. Meanwhile nearly every day sees a bar of bullion come Into Manila from one or other of the various claims, bearing rich and eloquent testimony to the fact that there Is gold here and that it is being extracted. These bars range In value from $.100 to $1, 200. The quartz from which this gold is taken assays, according to reports, all the way from $.1 lo $140 and $150 a ton. Of course, the latter figures are extremely exceptional, but con Chicago Of 1845 Directory Published When Metropolis was a Small Town. Chicago. What Is believed to bo the oldest city directory lu exlstenco Is arousing great Interest among Mem bers of the Chicago Historical society. , With its yellow leaves ami Its uuilnt phrasing, the hook Is regarded as a volume most valuable to the society. Its owner, Lieut. William Moore, of the Stanton avenue police station, Is con sidering offers for Its purchase. "A business advertisement and gen ernl directory of the city of Chicago for the year 1X4.VIHM'., together with a historical and statistical account," Is the title given the book by Its coin Idler, .1. Wellington Norrls. j The title page explains that the hook was In its second year of publi cation. Concerning the previous edi tion the uutlior, evidently a person d j consequence, remarks In his preface j that he "can not refrain from an ex ! prcsslon of his thanks for the Halter ing Interest" which his friends "liavn taken In the enterprise." Although admitting that he Is "Inllucnced by pe cuniary considerations." be declares that the volume Is none the less cor rect. At the time of the appearance of tha book the population clalmi-d for Chi cago was lo,K(M. This total, however, was accomplished by much careful padding or the informal census, most or which Is admitted by the author In his preface or elsewhere. In his tabu lated total he admits there were only 1,613 families In the "settlement." Copious illustrations, mostly of churches, appear among the opening puges, witli a map of Chicago. A few scratches on the map near Thirty first street are explained by the artist a "haystacks." Holow that point, servative estimates, which appear re liable, place the average yield on some or the claims at $10 a ton. At present only one mine has a cyanide plant in operation and it has only be gun, so that full demonstration of what can be done with the aurlferoua ore of I he Philippines hns not yet been obtained. Moreover, no tnlnw has more than one ten-stamp mill lit operation, while most of them could accommodate 300 or 400 of that ca pacity at not much greater cost. A- some of the mines are more than pay ing their running expenses with this limited machinery It Is argued that the prohM-ct when capital Is applied In large quantities nnd the mines are run at something like their full cn paelty Is almost boundless. Fuciors which contribute to the op timism f'lt are the nliiindsnt and con tiguous supply of good timber In tho mining districts and available water, in llenguet transportation Is not what It in lf.ii t be, but If presents no serious obstacles, while In Masbate it Is excel lent. Naturally, with the sight of lho bullion bars arriving here and being purchased by the banks for transpor tation lo San Francisco, nnd with the character of most of the men who are Interested and showing their faith In tin1 gold resources of the islands, a feeling of confidence and optimism prevails and It Is believed that wit hi n a year or two the mineral wealth or these Islands will make tlu world sit up and take notice. Has 17 Babies In 17 Year. Dea Moines, la. Mrs. Mary Mcfn tyro of (iiimes, Iowa, gave bliih, th other day, to her seventeenth child. She Is the mother of two pulrs of twins. Sho has been.married I" year and all her children are living. Mrs. Mclntyre Is a Hist cousin of Pugilist John I.. Sullivan. in Old Directory. and everywhere west of the river, the country Is described as "prairie." The town contained 43 lawyers. 2S physicians, 17 clergy men. one dancing master, and bail is hotels, six weekly and two daily papers, besides support lim "two flouting mills." The book was presented to I. lent. Monro by William Clancy, 4.";io Wood lawn avenue, whose grandfather was the original purchaser. WILL TAKE FOOD FROM AIR. Crookes' New Method of Making Ni tric Acid Interests Scientists. New York. When scientists read the entiled report of sir William Crool.es' discovery of a commercial method of extracting nitric acid from tlu atmosphere ihey said there wat no longer any fear of scarcity of fond from overpopulation, because the re suit of the discovery would bo u doubling of the win Ill's crops. Nitric acid adds greatly to the pro ductivity id the soil. Nitrate or soda, used for Unit purpose now, litis grown so scarce, It is said, It soon will be ex hausted. At present the cost of ex tract lug nitric acid from the air Is ex pensive. Prof. Chillies F. Chandler, head of the ileinrlment of chemistry in Columbia university, explained, but said Hint with the cheapening of elec tricity, which Is employed in the proc nitric acid manufactured by the new method would be chcupcr than nitrate of soda. "When ii practicnl working procesa Is perfected," said Prof. Chandler, "every waterfall In the country will bo available for Ihe production of the atmospheric fertilizer. Scientists hav been working on this problem for u hundred years, but real headway has. ouly been, made recently."