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A MISSOURI WOMAN Proton - On the treeless steppes of I Rui-xia. beyond the "rale.' and In the I arlJ districts of noi theasti t n China, thnu-.it.ds of human beings nre dying for want of f 1. Lack of rain In the first instance, excess of it in the see t'liil is the caiM". F:.o provinces in China ami 21 In JijsvU arc affected, ami. while from tlio former country romo awful talcs of tho bartering of liimian uVsh for food, of tho f ale of lit t children, and of the breaking nut of the plague anions the dose packed sufferers, from Kussiit comes a wail of despair, where nun, wi nun and ehlldreti are trying to ( hue to life, with almost nothing to eat and with tm fuel in a temperature of -5 decrees helow zero. renditions are sieh In both coun tries tha it is estimated that what in this coimt.-y would be the price of a finale vir-it to the theater would save a human life until reluming crops bring self support. The Christian Herald of New York, which has taken chariro of the Ameri can end of the Chilli su famine n lief, pledged its. -If to supply lO.OUlt.niiil pounds of Hour, corn, coinmeal, medi cal supplies, etc.. in addition to what had already bet n sent. The govern ment gave tin.' army transport (!en. Huford to carry this consignment from San Francisco to Shanghai. Government Aid Inadequate. In Itussia the famine Is boimt re lieved to some extent by government aid. but the restrictions this aid car ries with it make it very luade'pi:ite. it involves the delivery of one pound of bread u day only to sufferers, less than 17 and more than ''. years of ago. Infants under one year, and all the vast majority between 17 nnd ,V.i get nothing except what the untcltish among the more fortunate are willing to share. And, above and beyond I his. there is the fact that the black hand of llussiun llicial graft appropriates for piivato ends at least one half ol the money the government voted for relief. llishop Poller, of New York, Is pres ident and I Jr. Samuel .1. Harrows, for merly of Huston, Is secretary of the American relief for Russia. It is hard to Judge between the two, but perhaps the situation In China Is the more pitiable at present. Statis tics gathered early In February in one of the live stricken Chinese provinces allowed a total of ii:i.ot deaths. This is but a small section of the awful nggrcuato . A lon-ign correspondent writing in description of the affected districts pays: "Kvery semUlance of mass plants and roots has disappeared, and Ktarving pan-nis are eating their chil dren. 1 know this to be true, and have myself found human llcsh on Kale." Three Months In Famine's Grip. The district involved In the famine In known us "Kianpoh." meaning "north of the river," the stream being the Yiur-'tse. For mere than three months this region in northern China has been in the remorseless grasp of famine and famine bred diser.se. Forty days of rain and consequent Moods lica pert cnlamlly upon the 40,niii) Bipiare miles of territory and its 1,", 000, DIM) of people. Ilefoi'e new crops can be raised it Is estimated that, deHnito the best efforts for relief, the leu th list will exceed that of Naples, San Francisco and Jamuica rolb d into tine. Writing after a tour tlirouch one of the famine (amps of ::n.n0 starving refai'.ees. a correspondent said recently- 'Little more than an hour ioro I saw two women, presumably mother nnd grandmother, wailing over tho tiny collin of a child that had been jiait of grim famine's daily toil. "It is nil so horrible, so overpower- lnp, so haunting, so lieaitrending, that j one cannot write of il In oid'-rly fash- i l., Il seems l if otllv the rel" a I I'll I cry of 'Help! Help! Help:1 can be fashioned for the ears of the prosper- ous American people, to whom Cod lias given a year of plenty, while the ryior of China perish from want. "Out of the awful mass of suffering a succession of individual pictured conies trooping before my vision. There whs the man, too weak to stand erect, who bore on his back, as oldeT brothers carry babies in China, his blind old mother, the mere skin an bone framework of a woman. They wanted help, nnd pleaded for it in the thin whine of the utterly miserable ud I dared not give them so much as copper! The Motner' Suffering. Or that uiclUa. Lard-eyed and rigid, who stood against a wall with her six children gathered nhout her tattered skirts, staring out uncaring on a company of living refugees, who are a more melancholy sight than the thousands of ancient proves among which they are encamped. They had been feil one portion of thin, watery rice porridge for them all and now they must wait In the cold for another .1 linurs to pass before they can bo fed again and even then some stronger ones may push them asldo and steal their turn at the meager re lief. "Strange incongruities flash Into one's mind as he walks about among these 30,11110 refugees. As I passed this morning an old, old woman, cov ered only by a few rags, who sat on the cold, bare ground, sharing her small bowl of rice with a babe of II or IS mon'hs. evidently her grandchild, who sat on her knees, I thought of some grandmother whom I know In America sweet faced anil comfortable and kindly, whose evening of life Is made pleasant by the love of children ami grandchildren, and who know not the word want. And I recalled some baby friends sweet, ruddy little dears, wrapped in the finest linen, with ward robes upon which love has lavished Its generosity, and whose food is a matter of careful consultation with physicians and friends. "Of course, I cannot imagine these delicately nutured babes In dirty tat ters and exposed to the cold winter night and day, week after week, yet so: lehow one picture suggests the other, .lust so, when a refugee mother accost ei us Ibis morning and asked us to accept her child as u gift, imagina tion brought instantly to view the pre clousness of the American children i know. Suffering Unparalleled. "Incidents could be piled upon Inci dents; every one of these oO.IWO refu gees incarnates a story a story oi a homo abandoned, of toilsome Journeys to ibis southern district In the hope of finding a pittance of food to all iv that awful gnawing of hunger; of the eager hunt for a sheltered nook in a doorway; of being driven from spot to spot, until at last a few feet of bare earth are secured out among tho graves with the other refugees a space no IrtgipT than, a Chinese grave suffices for an entire Chinese family; of the daily nnd nightly huddling to gether In one mass for the sake of hu man warmth; of the search for dry gra. s with which to make a tiny fire; of the morning struggle for a portion of the government rice and of that in describable, terrible, primitive, duel between life and starvation which the Chinese so dnuntlcssly endure. "in all this, 1 write of the best, and not of the worst. This is only the first outpost of tho famine district. Always Close to Starvation. "The Chinese live closer to actual rrlrvatlon than It Is possible for a westerner to comprehend; they are al ways poor. So the failure of the crops not to mention the destruction of their homes by Hood at once placed them In a state of actual destitution, which can only be relieved when the wheat crop' is harvested la July. Meanwhile, owing to lari; of seed, only half of the spring wheat crop has been planted." The cargo of food which the Chris tian Hi raid sent over to the stricken district in China cost $U"i.Oeo, and this sum was rulsud by popular sub scription, lis arrival In China Is expected to do much for the sufferers, but more food will have to follow at once. Con ditions have grown steadily worse, and plague has broken out In one or two of the provinces. The sufferers are huddled together In thousands In the camps, j Millions Face Death, in Russia tho conditions are little less appalling. For the first tiieo In il.e history of such catastrophes in Russia the government itoi if is aroused to the necessity for relieving the stress. The famine affects no less than .".(i.ooo.uoij peasants inhabiting an area half as large as tho United Slates, and while thl3 area lies be tween tlm steppes and "White Rus sia," tin) famine Is affecting indirectly the people within the "pale" who de pend upon tho peasants for trade and commerce. Tho peasantry represents cent, of the entire population 85 0 TITeTr one means of livelihood 13 farminn, and when the rain did not come to GMS5P make their crops grow the past Reason their only hope of sustenance was gone. Last year In more than l.r.00,000 square miles of Russian territory there was sowing but no reaping. The peas ants hopefully put their little store ot seed grain into tho ground. When the arid land failed to return a crop, not only were they robbed of the fruits of their toll, but their seed grain itself, which might have served as food, was gone. There wns nowhere to turn for work or succor. Hundreds of miles away there were cities, but tho few daring ones who' reached them pent back tho hopeless words: "No work.' Wholesale "Grafting." In 1S91, when the famine killed hun dreds, tho Russian government hit upon the expedient of forbidding tho word "hunger," but the famine of the present is so much greater that the government Is fully alive to it. He sides having appropriated $33,000,000 already, it is now negotiating a loan of $37,000,000 more for famine relief. Hut even this sum is totally inadequate to the work In hand, especially as half of the money will line the pockets of official grafters to whom tho deaths of thousands of poor peasants is merely an unfortunate Incident in their own bhort cut to wealth. At present the relief work in Russia consists of doling out a pound of bread a day to sufferers. The aged and minors get nothing. Some families of five or six have pi i haps two who draw bread. Other families have none. If two of a fam ily of six draw bread and divide it equally it. means that each member eats one-thin! of a pound a day. The regular diet of a Russian peasant is live pounds of bread dally. ' Thus the most fortunate are now existing upon one-fifteenth of their regular fare, or, to an American who has three square meals a dot; two meals in three weeks. The very seeds of the weeds have been eaten and the ground has been stripped of every green thing. The lit tle horses have all been sold or eaten, and tlio occasional cows, too. Nothing remains but the hope of relief from the outside. There is no wood for fires and many families have Joined together In one house for warmth, tearing tho other dwellings down for fuel.' It Is estimated that !n the province of Samara alone there will bo 200,000 deaths in a total population of 3,000. ():)0, and others of the 21 provinces af fected will have like averages. Seek Aid of the World. Iietermlned efforts are now being made to enlist the sympathy of the world with the suffering, Ignorant peasant.;, ana emissaries nave oeen . attend religious services It is inter sent to this and other countries. M. j ,..stln.r to , that there Is one church Shiskoff, who is In America to enlist aid, says that $3 will save the life of an adult and that $5 will keep a child from dying. The immigrants to Hoston from Rus sia aro mostly peoplu from the "pale" and they are taxed several times a yeiir to help their persecuted friends and relatives at home. It is estimated that delegates from Russia took not less than $5,000 out ot Hoston last year to help tlio victims of persecu tion; and probably $0,000 more was sent acrous tho sea to individuals, either to relievo suffering or to help tin m to emigrate. To the Russian Jews in this city the famine tragedy now enacting is the climax of misery long drown out They will do what they can, but as one of the men at the civic service house on alem street said the other day: "Where our people can get more money to send to Russia is a puzzle; they have drained their purses time end time again; and now it remains for all tho charitable In general over here to do their share." The famine means a tremendous set back to Russia. At present the prob lem is how to obtain food. Later will come the question of the future of provinces whose people have lost farms, animals and savings and have no money. Friends of Russia, how ever, see promise of better times ahead, although this necessarily in volves a vast amount of work. The hope of the peasant In the famine area lies in his education In modern farm ing methods to take the place of the thousand-year-old customs which he still follows and In the installation of great systems of irrigation so that crops may he grown ven when Ui rain fails.' Round About Gossip of People and Things in the Great Metropolis RYAN TO RAISE PEANUTS IN HIS CONGO DISTRICT NKW Ilya YORK. When Thomas F. Ilynn Interests himself in any en terprise ho Is more than likely to got everything out of it that can be made to yield a profit. When he acquired tho 70,000 acres In the Congo district it wns generally supposed that ho would be satisfied with the gold, cop per and rubber in sight there. Hut Mr. Ryan, as a Virginian, knows the potentiality of rich soli, and as there would be many thousands of Idle acres in the Congo principality which he had acquired, and as this idle land would not yield any of the three great crops from which the greater part of his profit was supposed to come, he determined to put It to practical use. Virginia is a great peanut state. The soil conditions in Mr. Ryan's Congo domain are peculiarly well fit ted for peanut culture. The best-paying grade of peanuts that come from the Virginia market are the so-called Jumbo variety, a large, rich nut. abounding in oil and general all around nutrition. Mr. Ryan la going to raise Jumbo peanuts in his mid-African property. These Jumbo peanuts will bring a big price In this market and will be In strumental in breaking many a corner as now engineered by the shelters In Mi Ryan's own state. Men with all technical agricultural knowledge of OUXIUXO out a romance that has as side issues a shock for Pitts burg society, thrills for Xew York and Paris, a bearing on the destiny of the world's biggest industrial concern nnd general Interest for men and women the globe over, William Kills Corey noon will take to S0;J Fifth av enue as his brkltv Miss Mabcllc Gil man, the actress and singer. Corey was reelected president of the 1'nited States Steel Corporation, largely through his own ability and the Influence of H. C. Frick. His re tention in that position at his record salary of $100,000 a year is consld eied to he sufficient vindication of his usefulness to the company and of tho fact that his standing as a business man had not been affected by his do mestic troubles. Hut it is said to be possible that even that large salary will bo in creased heavily and that Corey may go down in history as the most highly paid corporation officer In tho world. At any rate, the steel man's plans ONE CHURCH IN GOTHAM THAT IS ALWAYS FILLED IN view of tho appeal of a delegation of New York clergymen to. Presi dent Roosevelt to aid them in induc ing the people of the metropolis to in New York that is not troubled by the problem of filling its pews, per haps for the reason that it Is an alto gether new church, h.t.ed upon the doctrine of the brotherhood and In terdependence of man, and uniting i:'.l creeds while advocating none. The "People's Church," as it is called, flourishes in tho midst of the Fast side population, under the ans flees of the People's Institute. Its meetings are held during 25 or 30 weeks of the year in the largo hall of Cooper Fnion, and not infrequently the nttendance Is 2,000 or more. In this unique church the personal GF.N. HINCIIAM has completed tho organization of a corps of secret police, a squad as faithful nnd watch ful as the secret police of the czar of Russia. Not a move can be made by any member of the police force of Greater New York but will be re ported to tho commissioner. Kvery member is under the eye of tills secret force, nnd tho commission er now knows moro about the Inside workings of the department than he ever dreamed of before. This Is the first time in tho history of America that the head of n police depurtnietit has found it necessary to it sort to a system of spies. The new foi co has been recruited from other largo cities, mid not cue of them in U;iGva to the kciular members of the jp3 New York CmCQ PtWHUT MBW (he matter have been sent to the Congo. Probably the most used peanut Is what Is called the Spanish, an off shoot of what used to bo exclusively grown In Spain. This Is the little round peanut so much used for salt ing. In Virginia a greater part of the crop grown there is called Span ish Xo. 1. When the crop Is short In Virginia the original Spanish is imported from Sptln, but, in fact. It Is grown in northern Africa. The conditions of the Virginia soil make It superior for this nut over any other section in the world except the Congo district. The Jumbo variety brings the high est price, however, and nuturally It was that variety that Mr. Ryan select ed for his crop. He will later grow the Spanish peanut, which, although cheaper, has a greater salo than the Jumbo. Hut Mr. Ryan's advisers, knowing that the Jumbo would have the greater sale If the price were lower, have advised him to try that grade first. And that Is the grade that Mr. Ryan will grow In the Congo district, and from the proceeds thereof he hopes to be able to pay no Inconsiderable part of the expenses of the working of his rubber plantations, gold mines nnd copper enterprises. It Is said that Mr. Ryan will go to the Congo before very long. COREY RENTS HOUSE AND WILL SOON WED ACTRESS show he is resolved on asserting him self not only in business but in so ciety. He has leased tho Fifth av enue house from Mrs. James E. Mar tin, who is going abroad for a year. It is not the most pretentious build ing In "millionaires' row," but It is the host dwelling Corey can get in Xew York in the wealthy district and the fact that ho has leased it only for 12 months is taken as an indica tion that he will provide a more elab orate home for his bride by the time they are ready to make their first at tack on the inner fortifications of metropolitan society. Tho present plan Is that Miss Gil man shall be married to Corey In Paris. Cable dispatches of recent days have told of extensive purchases made by her in the bazaars and jew elry stores of tho French capital's most fashionable district and the do mestic wires have quoted her rela tives as saying they would cross the ocean to see her become Corey's bride. views of the speaker upon controver sial religious questions are nover sought to be impressed, not only for the reason that the rules forbid any attempt at proselyting or any attack of creed upon creed, but because tho audienco enjoys the unique privilege of answering back; nnd the clergyman who speaks for the first time from the Cooper I'nlon platform faces the novelty of having crude thought or inapt statements challenged, and per haps refuted, by his hearers. According to the statement of Prof. ChurlcB Sprnguo Smith, founder and director of the institute, an occasional roll call of the audience by "Isms" diseioses "philosophical anarchists, noclalists of every phase, single tax ers and adherents of every creed un der the sun aa well as adherents of no creed ot all." SQUAD OF SPIES TRAIL rOUCE FORCE OF CITY New York force. Several largo pri vate detective ugeneieM were called upon to furnish members of the force, and only tho best trained plain clothes men have been accepted. Just how long this force of secret police has been nt work no ono knows excep't the commissioner and tho men themselves. The regular members of the force, captains and inspectors, know they are being watched, and they have sent men out on the trail, but they have not yet been able to trace one member of the new force It was declared that the recent raid upon the headquarters of tho Polleo nicn's Benevolent association In which ShJ.OOD In cash win uncovered, was the result of Information gathered by one ul Inn members of tho new force Tells a Story of Awful Suffering and Wonderful Relief. Mrs. J. D. Johnson, of 603 Weil Hickman St, Columbia, Mo., says: "Following aa operation two yean ago, dropsy set In, and my left side was to swollen the doctor aid he would have to tap out the water. There was constant pain and a gurgling sensation around my heart, and I could not raise my arm above my head. The kid ney action was disor dered and passages ot the secretions too frequent. On the advice of my husband I began using Doan's Kidney Pills. Since using two boxes my trou ble has not reappeared. This Is won derful, after suffering two years." Sold by all dealers. E0 cents a box. Foster-MUburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y. Great Stunt by Geronlme. In a single day Oeronlmo, when In tls prime, ran 40 miles on foot, rode 600 miles on one stretch, as fast as he could change horses, and so com pletely wore out the column whlcb finally captured him that three seta of officers were needed to finish the chase, and not more than one-third of the troopers who started were In at the finish, says a writer In Outing. Wrinkled and crafty and cruel la his swarthy face to-day, but the fire of his infernal energy has died and he Is no more than a relic of the Geronimo of whom Oen. Miles said after their first meeting: "He rode into our camp and dis mounted, a prisoner. He was one ol the brightest, most resolute, deter mined men I ever met, with the sharpest, clearest dark eye. Every movement showed power and en ergy." Sheer white goods, In fact, any fine wash goods when new, owe much o) their attractiveness to the way the? are laundered, this being done in manner to enhance their textile beau ty. ' Home laundering would be equal ly satisfactory If proper attention wai given to starching, the first essential being good Starch, which has sufficient strength to stiffen, without thickening the goods. Try Defiance Starch and you will be pleasantly surprised at tht improved app?aranca of your work. Cueen's Most Prtzed Decoration. One of the decorations ot which tht Cueen of Portugal Is proudest is the medal of the Hritish Humane society, which she was asked to accept after she had leaped into the harbor at Lisbon and saved a drowning man. On all great occasions this decoration Is to be seen pinned on her dress. Het majesty, who Is a sister of the Duch ess d'Aosta, recently visiting us, II another special favorite of tbo royal family, and, like her sister, was born at York House, Twickenham. Queen Amelia was one of the very first wo men to qualify herself as an M. D. She laughingly tells her friends thai her most trying patient Is King Car los, whom for years she has tried to diet for "too solid flesh." Tit-Hits. Australians Will Go Back. Australia has arranged for the re patrlation of 1.000 discouraged Aut trallans now In South Africa. The Evolution of Household Remedies. The modern patent medicine Dusi ness is the natural outgrowth of ttt old-time household remedies. In the early history of this country, EVERY FAMILY HAD ITS HOME MADE MEDICINES. Herb teas, bitters, laxatives and tonics, were to bt found in almost every house, compound ed by the housewife, sometimes assisted by the apothecary or the family doctor Such remedies as picra, which wat aloes and quassia, dissolved in appli brandy. Sometimes a hop tonic, madi of whiskey, hops and bitter barks. A score or more of popular, home-mad4 remedies were thus compounded, tht formulae for which were passed along from house to house, sometimes written, sometimes verbally communicated. The patent medicine business is a natural outgrowth from this whole some, old-time custom. In the begin ning, some enterprising doctor, im pressed by the usefulness of one ol these home-made remedies, would take it up, improve it in many ways, manu facture it on a large scale, advertise it mainly through almanacs for the home, and thus it would become used over a large area. LATTERLY THE HOUSE HOLD REMEDY BUSINESS TOOK A MORE EXACT AND SCIENTIFIC FORM. Peruna was originally one of these old-time remedies. It was used by the Mennonites, of Pennsylvania, before it was offered to the public for sale. Dr. Hartman, THE ORIGINAL COM POUNDER OF PERUNA, is of Men nonite origin. First, be prescribed it for his neighbors and bis patients. The sale of it increased, and at last he established a manufactory and fur nished it to the general drug trade. Peruna Is useful in a great many climatic ailments, such as coughs, colds, sore throat, bronchitis, and catarrhal diseases generally. THOUSANDS OF FAMILIES HAVE LEARNED THE USE OF PERUNA and its value In the treatment of these ailments. They have learned to trust and believe in Dr. Hartman's judgment, and to rely on his remedy, Peruna.