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The Labor enquirer. [volume] (Denver, Colo.) 1882-1888, December 16, 1882, Image 1

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ana imkh h seiectnm vontract i' they
deemed it s&tissactory and advisable.
Under the head of good and welfare a
number of subjects of interest and tent fir. to
the cause were taken up and considerable o(
au interesting character was said Ou motion
it was ordered that the proceedings of the
assembly be published io The Labob
There beiDg no torrber business the
•u> s embly adjourned to meet regularly ou he
thiriy-ftrst instant.
Election Frauds in Virginia.
From the Evening World.
A special dispatch from Richmond
says: Judge Hughes of the United
States District Court, to-day gave special
instructions to the Grand jury in the
matter of the alleged election frauds
which that body is investigating. Judge
Hughes, in referring to the recent
election in Virginia, says that, while the
machinery wherewith it was conducted
was mainly supplied by the laws of the
State, it was none the less a federal
election, and all offenses against a fair
and free expression of the popular will
were punishable under the federal laws,
and, after'quoting from sections 5506 and
3511 of the Revised statutes in support of
this assertion, he instructed the jury
that if any of the persons whose causes j
they were considering have committed
forgery or perjury or even false certifi
cates for which they may be prosecuted
under the laws of Virginia, then they
were under the circumstances named,
offences against the United States, and '
punishable under the sections quoted.
These instructions were doubtless given
by Judge Hughes to offset the charge of!
I Judge Christian to the grand jury of the
Hustings court yesterday in which he
\ alluded to the recent arrests made by
! the federal authorities, and said that, as
| far as offences against the state laws
are concerned, the United States courts
are in the contemplation of the law as
much foreign courts as those held in St.
Petersburg or Vienna, with no jurisdic
tion whatever in cases of offenses against
f the state laws. At 3 o’clock the grand
| jury of the United States Circuit court
i returned with a true bill of indictment
j against William H. Talman, one of the
j parties charged with forgery, etc., in
connection with the supplemental assess
ment lists. Several other employes in
t.ue commissioner of revenue’s office
are under arrest on similar charges.
A short distance from Pittsburg are the
'Murraysvilfe gas wells, from which issue
hourly millions of cubic feet of natural
gas. West of these are the McGuigan
wells, in which are also burning millions
of feet.of similar gas. This lavish waste
of natural gas is soon to be brought into
1 requisition for the benefit of the citizens
of Pittsburgh, that they may employ it
as fuel in heating and cooking stoves
and . n small manufactories. To do this
an eight inch main will be laid from
Murraysville to the city, where it will
feed a large gas holder, whence supply
pipes will lead to different parts of the
city. The company undertaking this
enterprise are wealthy capitalists, and
work has already been commenced, and
I is now being rapidly pushed. The
j charges for this gas will be from $3.00 to
$4.00 per month for each open fire place,
stove, etc., while large consumers will be
charged about 50 cents per 1,000 feet.
There is still another enterprise for
supplying Pittsburg with gas. This
undertakes the bringing of gas from the
t;oke ovens to that city. It is claimed
that gas from this source could be
furnished at 10 cents per 1,000 feet. It
is well known that some of the larger
manufactories'of Pittsburgh are supplied
with natural gas, and if the two enter
prises are cosnummated, the city will
have a superabundance of good and
cheap gas.
. ’ ' ~~ >•—* V
We have no fault to find with the
and ferder society, for we honor their
and purposes, and hope great
come out of it; but it shocks us
a they should have chosen as
a their honorable and virtu
ous BMjlBfction a dove with such a long
tail feathers.
B Wwiprtmn
Their True Eelatiop and Why and 1
How They Should Be \
•: Maintained. ■i" i
4 :
To the Editor of The LaShtf Enquirer.
With many other wageworkers, I am 1
much pleased that yen have started a j
paper to advocate the interests of labor, (
and, in common with the majority (I 1
believe) of working men, shall be glad
if from the very start oi' your journalistic
t career you keep before your readers the
true relations of capital and labor. One
of the most serious mistakes many capi- 1
talists make tvheu embarking in a. busi- ■
ness enterprise requiring the employ
ment of large numbers of workingmen !
(and the mistake, of all others, which '
has given rise to the ill-feeling subsisting
between employers and employes) is thqt 1
in making their calculations on the pos
sible profits of their venture they always
figure on obtaining labor at the
lowest possible prices j many of them (
indeed, so narrow and,, contracted in
their views that they yeally believe (or ’
act as if they did ■ all a working man is
entitled to is sutl'u-ienfc. wages to barely
| furnish him sulwi-fence from day .to day,
and never taking into consideration the
fact that many ikingmen—a heavy
proportion—have rge families to edu
cate, in additioi • < furnishing their
; daily subsistence at it frequently is
i the case that woi ien have musical
‘and literary tast Inch they would
like to gratify, an nld gratify within
reasonable bound justified* by their
wages ; that if wag \ ere kept at a just
figure it would be 1 : ter for all lines of
business, as it stair o reason that if a
workingman’s wag re lowerthan they
should be he mus; : necessity econo
mize in all of his . \| enditures, and in
such cases his economy not only touches
what are termed tin- bisaries of life, but
oftentimes is -carri, ■
’ stint with reference io many of the ne
■ cessities. Is such a state of affairs in any
* community conduci ve to the prosperity
of dealers in groceries, dry goods and
J other commodities? Against such a
1 spirit of downright meanness and un
■ fairness workingmen should combine
1 everywhere and fight it to the bitter end.
J A spirit which is just as reprehensible
has sometimes been noticed among
workingmen, when they have taken ad
vantage of the fact that labor in some
particular branch was scarce, and de
* rnanded wages beyond all boundfc of
reason. Workingmen must learn in
’ their organizations to steadfastly frown
down such an inclination, because it is
as unjust as the spirit manifested by sor
did capitalists who persist in maintaining
: wages at lowest possible figures. These
5 two irregularities in the relations of labor
5 and capital without doubt constitute the
| fruitful source of nine-tenths of the
strikes that occur in various branches of
industry, and to their early correction
! the best judgment of both employers and
employes should be directed. The capi
talists who persist in the mean spirit al
luded to in dealing with their employes,
must learn sooner or later that the
workingmen can and will eliminate it
’ from the labor-capital problem by per
fectly legitimate means, and to this end
wageworkers in every community should
be so thoroughly organized, and- so
thoroughly alive to the best methods of
protecting themselves, that at every elec
tion, if oecasion requires, they can make
themselves heard and respected at the
polls. The ballot is the one weapon of
offense and defense which the working
man can always wield with telling effect,
and there is no good reason why he
should hesitate to do so—even if lie is
obliged to ignore party prejudices—when
a good point can be jnade for the interests
of himself and fellow workingmen. And
why should not workingmen take an
active part in politics? What class has a
better right? They constitute the ma
jority of the population of the country,
fought the battles of the union for its
perpetuation, and who shall dare to gain
say their rights in the matter? And
right here I may be permitted to sav
t . ci' r v fiTirii.isr T nc j
, •* G- Hi.,* lull iJl •
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••• : i'-!$ . .is, A- ".te
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•■'Wr-.V, L " -v 'Lz&Qkt ir.'.i ‘ i’- -t
of monopoly shall thrive commensn
rately with its rapid growth in the past
ten years. With the growth of mo
nopoly has also sprung up.a very poor
imitation of the old world aristocracy,
and lovers of their country may well
/lew with alarm the rapid development
and spread of these two evils, which are
repugnant and antagonistic to every
principle in a republican form of gov
ernment. “History repeats itself,” and
the advocates of monopoly and its At
tendant evils will do welt to heed the les
son written on its pages. Too much aris
tocracy sooner or later produces too
much —commune.
To the end, then, that labor and capi
tal may be made to retain their true re
lations, let us hope that in the near
future such a spirit of justice and abid
ing respect for what is right will pervade
and govern the deliberations of both
employers and employes in all questions
that may arise between them, that not
even the goodly offices of arbitrators
will be required to adjust them, and that
capital and labor may go hand in hand,
each respecting the rights of the other,
and an era of prosperity be inaugurated
and maintained which can- only be
brought about by a strict adherence to
such just and righteous principles. Re
spectfully,' Wageworker.
Death Of“. Timmy” Smallwood.
Yesterday morning the Angel of
Death tapped softly but firmly at the
door of a dwelling ip the city and from
the peaceful family fireside took away
one of the choicest home treasures, and
to-day a fond but bereft father and
mother and loving brothers and sisters
are sorrowing and weeping <Wer the
cold clay that was once the abiding
place of one they loved dearly, but knew
not how much until he was beyond the
narrow boundary of the dear home
After _an ilbvess of. iiniakji-ai.6
o’clock Friday morning, December 15,
James E. Smallwood, Jr., departed this
■ life at the residence of his parents, 610
‘ Curtis street/at the age of 24 years and
20 days.
“Jimmy” had been in Colorado since
a very small boy, having passed the
greater part of that time in Denver. He
served an apprenticeship to the printing
trade in the Tribune office and was a
compositor of no ordinary ability, and
was generally respected and beloved by
his fellow-workmen. He had a large
acquaintance among the young people
of the city and his happy smiling face
and jovial, genial disposition will be
missed in many circles. Deceased was
one of the first force of compositors on
the Evening World and when taken ill
was a trusted employe in the composing
room of that office. “Jimmy” was ad
mitted to Denver Typographical Union
No. 49 about three years ago, upon fin
ishing his apprenticeship, and was ever
a zealous member of that organization.
It is a strong reminder that any of us
may be called next when we remember
that the subject of this sketch was a
member of the committee orearrange
ments at the funeral of Frank A. Steehn,
the last member, prior to the present,
of the Union, called from above.
The remains wilhbe buried from the
family residence at 2 p. m.' to-morrow,
and will be attended by the Ty pographi
cal Union in a body.
There are numberless good sound
heads among those who we naturally feel
are our supports in this enterprise, and
to them we open the columns of The
Enquirer on all subjects pertaining to
labor in any of its mahy branches.
Nothing is more interesting or of greater
benefit to a journal devoted to the
people than a collection of the view s
and ideas of practical men who
thoroughly understand the matters
which interest all to more or less extent,
and upon that ground we invite commu
nications on the labor questions of the
day from all who feel disposed to put
y » _J* «y; *
: ,f Deiive- }
!t! f’o! jkkair request |to ■At _
ib* A Ir»*v tk a- »>4r ■ v* fT M l l-' i
, * -aJftP. * * Hp-i* 3 J
ii reffcA At 1:36 p. h>--1
. ....
4 / ■ • v
The Preamble and I
Principles of this
. Order.
■ j
The alarming development
of aggregated wealth, which,
will inevitably lead to the ,:
hopeless degradation of the
renders it imperative, it w<
the blessings of life, that a
placed upon its power and n
mutation, and a system adi
secure to the laborer the fr
and as this much desired oh
accomplished by the tbomu
those who labor, and the
those who earn their
their brow, we have formed
Knights of Labor, with a ' \
the otganization and direct c .
five effort, of the power <
classes; and ,we submit t>
objects sought to be acco
organization, calling upon t
-ecuring “the gieatestgoot
number,” £o aid and assist t
1. To bring within the fo
every department of pre<
making knowledge a stand
and industrial, moral wort
true standard of individi
. r ] y \ '' 1 • ; v "i - ■] 5 "
2. To secure to the toiler
of the wealth .hat they cr
leisure that rightfully beta
society advantages; mor
privileges and emolument \
a word, all those rights an)
ary to make tnem capable
preciating, defending and
blessings of good governs
3. To arrive at the trui
i producing masses in tbeirj bn?!
. and financial condition, fc
, the various governments
. of bureaus of labor statisl
, 4. The establisbment
, stitutions. productive and
5. The reserving of the
, heritage of the people—f<
“Tfht adotner aerts tor railn
> 6. The abrogation of all
5 equally upon capital and
> of nujost technicalities, d
1 nations in the admiuistra
the adopting of measure:
i health and safety of thos<
i manufacturing and build
j 7. The enactment o
( chartered corporttious to
t weekly, in full, for Hi-
preceding week, in the law
8. The enaelmentof la., t
and laborers the first lieu m*
their full wages.
* 9. The abolishment of h
3 ;■ on national, state and mi j,v »
s 10. The substitution or
1 strikes, whenever and jc ~
1 aDd employe are willing
; grounds. .^1
11. The prohibition o:
i children in workehups, - i
. befori.attaining their ft $
r 12. To abolish the sys
contract the labor of co
? and reformatory institu
13. To secure for b
for equal work
1 14. The reduction of tic
eight per day, so that the
> more time for social « >y
> leetual improvement, a
the advantages conferr
5 machinery which their
, 15. To prevail upon
• lisb a purely national
issued directly to the
■ intervention of any sy
porations, which moi i
tender in payment of
1 gr*
“Rat” i c
' Office* Las V eg aj
[ Union, No • J.
To Union Printers, i
, in that which is just J
extract from the proct
Typographical Unitoc
cember 3, 1882, is resj
Whereas, The Dai
months been conduci
to the principles of i j. ■
imical totheinteres
employed; and-
Whereas, The pro]
ing been .duly warnet
ing been fully explai >'
. . - \ 1 • i tf
W ' : J
. AA waft
i Trtiih ; » !. /’ S&M- ‘ - k

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