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The Colorado Statesman VOL. XII. Conditions in the Philippines Becoming More Serious as to Race Prejudice. The Ap pointment of Prejudice Southern White Men the Sole Casue. A correspondent to the Spring field Republican from Mnnina, P. I., writes of conditions there as follows: In attempting the solution of the great problem of preparing the Filipinos for self government there is one most vital point which seems to have escaped the eye of the home government. It is well known (or should be known) that the first step necessary to the ac complishment of our declared ob ject should be to gain the confi dence and good will of the people. ■ This must be the foundation of all ' our efforts. Without it no success is possible. The point, which seems to have been overlooked by the home gov ernment. is rather the initial error which underlies our present theo ry, is the appointment of so large • a percentage of Southern whites to to responsible positions in the is lands. Unlike the whites from the North, the Southerner is na turally narrow minded and arro gantin his deulings with colored races, and his strong and plainly apparent prejudices in this regard make him, with few exceptions, an undesirable resident of the islands J3y reason of the fact that a ma jority of Americans in the Philip pines are from the South and that their contempt and antagonism toward the natives is so pronounc ed, the reins of the government should be almost entirely in the hands of Northerners in order to otfset in some degree the hard feel ings caused by the presence of so many Southerners. While the Northern whites are by no means free of race prejudice they are more broad-minded anil are able to control their sentiments where the reputation of the nation is at stake. It is believed that the Southern man also means well and would like to do his shure of the great work before us, but he is simply unable to control his pas sions and often allow them to pre dominate his prejudice at che most vital moment. * # The effect has been a natural one. The Filipinos are already beginning to protest against ruce prejudice through the columns of their press. They are acutely sen / sativc and resent the open con * tempt shown toward them by a certain class of Americans. As u rule, the northern man, with his usual diplomacy, studies the Fili pino and shows some regaril for the long established customs of centuries. He does not expect to pull these old customs out by the root in a single day. He deals tactfully with the likes and dis likes of the people and tries to win their confidence, pointing out their errors in a gentle manner to avoid friction. On the other hand, the South ern man, with his usual narrow new, shows no respect for any ex cept his own opinions, and is open ly offensive in his conduct. He deals with an intelligent, educated Filipino ns he would deal with the most ignorant. He often assutns an insulting, overbearing manner where the exercise of courtesy and consideration would have cost him no sacrafice of dignity. By his luck of tack in dealing with a col ored race he neutralizes the efforts of more broad-mindea Americans and by reason of his majority is creating the impression that his sentiments are those of the entire American nation. \* There are, of course some South ern men in the islands who are ex ceptions in this regard, but the majority of them are a positive hindrance to America’s mission among these people. Except in few instances, the well known pre judices of Southerners should be sufficient to bar them from ap pointment to high positions in the islands’ government. Although they may mean well, their preju dices are bred in the bone and will not down, even in so trying a problem as that which confronts us. The Southerner is no hypo crite. He is frank and does not attempt to hide his feelings, but this is no place for him to show those feelings. Whatever may be said to the contrary by persons of job-molded sentiments, it is well known that the relations between the natives and Americans in the islands are not as cordial as tney were two years ago, and the situation seems to grow worse as time goes on. The people are not co-operating with the government. They me pulling in tho opposite direction. Their pent-up feelings are plainly visible in the columns of the native press They seem to have lost confidence in the ultimate intentions of the Uni ted States. Why? Ask the South erner heie. who, by lack of self control, are responsible for tho breach that has been gradually created between the government and the people. X. Manila, P. I. DENVER, COLORADO. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 7, 11105. Texas Troops Guard Negro. Houston. Texas. Oct. 2. —Gover- nor Lanhain to-ninght ordered two military companies from Houston to Edna, where citizens threaten to burn at the stake Monk Gibson, the Negro accused of the murder of theConditt family. The search ers are still confident of capturing the Negro. It is believe that the officers possibly have the Negro in hiding and that the troops have been sent to escort Monk Gibson to Houston, where their is a mob-proof jail Ailjt. Gen. Hullen has ordered a special train for himself, and has gone from Austin to take com mand of the troops. Mr. Beasley, father of the mur dered Mrs. Conditt, took the field in person at the head of 2(X) Ne groes upon whom he believes he can rely. He thinks that he can achieve resnlts by having trusted blacks with him. that he would not with white men. as the Negroes living about Edna are now sullen and refuse to give any information. The dogs are said to have taken Gibson’3 trail several times to-day. but unsuccessfully. With the troops at Edna there is no longer a possibility of a burn ing, but it is probable that the Ne gro will be put to death if he is caught in the timber by any posse. These men are weary and sore from the long chase, and are not inclined to turn the Negro over to the officers. HEIR TO HALF MILLION. Philadelphia, Sept. 24. — Sole heir of the richest Negro South of the Mason and Dixon line. Edward T. Cobbs, a Negro living in Ger mantown. has suddenly come into a fortune, said to be §500,000. Warreu C. Coleman died in Con cord. N. C.. a few weeks ago. leav ing an estute which included 400 houses of various sizes and a strong box full of railrouil shares and in dustrial securties. He was known throughout the south as the richest Negro in that section. When his executors opened the will it was found that Cobbs, his nephew was the sole heir to the fortune. The latter, who is JO years old, has been a day laborer. He did not have time to investigate the re port. so he sent his wife. As he received a letter from her yester day, telling him that he is surely the man, he will leave immediately for Concord to prove his identity. Coleman was born a slave, and after the Civil war started in busi ness. BITTER RESOLUTIONS. Baltimore, Sept. 29.—At the Democratic state convention yes terday nfternoon State Comptroller Gordon T. Atkinson was renouii nated ami a platform adopted which, excepting a paragraph in ilorcing the excellent business ad ministration of Gov. Edwin War tied, is wholly devoted to the advo cacy of the proposed constitutional amendment to restrict Negro suf frage. tf> he voted upon at the No vember election. It says in part: ‘•This Democratic convention, representing two-thirds of the white people of the state, reaffirms the declaration of our party in our platforms of 1899 and 190 J upon this subject, and now proclaims I anew our resolute purpose to main tain the supremacy of our race and its control by all lawful and constitutional means in the admin istration of the political affairs of the state. "Believing that the purposed const iTfiffonal amendment will op erate as an effective remedy for the evils of our situation, without prejudice to any race or class; re garding it, moreover, usa complete response to the clearly expressed mandateof the people, we unreserv edly commend and approve it. We make it the single issue o,f this campaign. We decluree it to be our battleery, "The Negro vote as it stands to day is a perpetual menauce to the prosperity and pence of Maryland —a menance to our very civiliza tion -for it is ignorant corrupt, the blind instrument of unscrupu lous and selfish leaders.” Just before the convention was brought to a close there were loud calls for Senator Gorman, and he sharply denounced the Republi cans and declared Negro suffrage a "pall on the state.” NEGRO AND THE FRANCHISE. The greatest injury ever done this generation of Negroes was the placing of the ballot in the hands of their fathers. In that act is found the origan of the ma jor part of their present difficul ties. 11 ad they been told to go to work as soon as the war was over —told that political opportunities, if they came to them at all, would come to them as a result of their industry and good citizenship gen erally. they would have made by now far more actual, material pro gress as a race than they have made. And it is not too lute for them to learn in this connection a leeson which even has proved and ever will proveto their advantage. —Charleston News and Courier. That the Negro was given the right of suffrage too soon after he was emancipated is quite correct, but even at that he is not making a much worst fist at voting than many of the whites of the South. The elections in the Southern states are farces beyond descrip tion and are controlled by a very limited number of white men. - Seattle Republican. RACE NEWS Gathered from Various Sources. Magnolia, M., Sept. 28- —Bessie Perkins, a white woman, was sen tenced today to ten years in the penitentiary for marrying and liv ing with a Negro. Judge Wilker son, in passing sentence, said he regretted that he could make the punishment no heavier. Nashville, Tenn., Oct. 2.--The Union Transportation compauyi has been organized by the Negroes of Nashville and will put in oper-j at ion five automobiles for the pur pose of transporting Negro passen gers to various jiarts of the city. Some of the leading Negroes of J Nashville are interested in the ven-' ture and claim to have ample cap ital. Ever since the “Jim Crow” street car law went into effect the! colored population has been much dissatisfied and the Negro travel on the cars has greatly decreased, j Prof. J. W. Hoffman, colored, the English cotton expert for the Colony of Lagos West Africa left Charleston for England on Satur day, September 24, by the Canard \ S. S. Lucania. On his arrival at j England he will go directly to i London to address the British j Spinners Association and from! there he will go to Berlin, Ger many, to speak at the Internation- j al Association of Agriculture.! From there he will go to Brussels. Belgium, and will leave England I the last of October for West Afri-; ca to again resume his work. St. Paul, Minn . Sept. 29.—The friends of one of the leading so ciety young women of Webster City, la., are having a prodigious laugh at her expense. A few days ago. through curiosity as much as anything else, she answered a mat rimonial advertisement, and if she ever had faith in this plan of match-making, she has now lost it all. Her correspondent, who re presented himself as a prosperous young business man of Chicago, grew so ardent in his letters that a relative of the young woman made a trip to that city to investigate af fairs He found the "prosperous young business man” to be a Ne gro barber. The Negro press of this country seems much disturbed as to who is to be the Negro leader. If the press would teach the entire race to piny well its part in tho drama of life and tench the members of the race to so fit themselves in early life that, whenever one of them is given employment he or she can do what is undertaken than his white competitor, the matter of leadership will settle it self. \\ hat the Negro of the Uui- I ted States needs more than all else |is capable followers. In this con nection it might not be out of 1 place to mention the fact the day 'George Washington, a Negro pio ] neer ol Centralia, Wash., was bur ied every store and business con cern in the city suspended busi ness for the afternoon out of re spect to his memory. He was the kind of a leader the Negro needs Philadelphia, Pa., —“I am so cially as good as any white man | here." Aroused by the attitude of the Methodist church. South, j which desires to unite with the Methodist Episcopal church on | condition that the ‘color line be tightly drawn and Negroes exclud- I ed,’ the Rev. Storer L. Jolly, a Ne igro minister of Atlantic City, made j this statement before the Method ! ist minister in Wesley hall. Furth !er he said: “Since God Almighty j has not held us Responsible for the ! color of our skins I don’t see why it should be criticised by the church.' The ministers appended his speech. Prof. W. W. Black, principal of a Normal school, at (>Bth street and Stewart avenue ip Chicago while spending his vacation at Norfolk i last week, had quite a thrilling ex- I perience with a street car conduc j tor. by making a mistake and get ting iuto Jim Crow seats, which contained one colored pessenger. “Now" said the conductor, “you | will have to move up front.” “For j why?” said Mr. Black. "Is it not as cool back here as it is up there? “Well,” said the conductor, “these seats are for colored." “Well," said Mr. Black, “if I am not as good as that colored gentleman, let him get off and walk; for I am not geing to be changing from place to place.” There they ar gued until the conductor became so disgusted that he advanced to the front of the car. giving up his task.” New York. Sept. JO.—A special meeting of the John C. Martin ed ucational fund, an organization for the uplifting and bettering of the Negro, was held last night and reports on the work of the year were submitted to the trustees by Rev. S. G. Miller and plans dis cussed for the future. Dr. Miller j stated that provision had been made for the maintenance of a nor mal department in eleven colleges and universities for Negroes throughout the South, in which j they have a regular and systematic ; instruction in the Bible. These j departments have been installed in the Arkansas Baptist college. Philander Smith college. Shorter ; college, Haygood college, Atlantic | Baptist college, Paine college. Ben edict Baptist college. Chitlin uni | versity. Livingston college, lvetrell I college and Washington college. NO. 2