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The Colorado Statesman VOL. XU. Is the Negro Inferior? The Negro of to-day will not Brand Himself as an Inferior People to no Race. Suppression Alone has Made Him Tardy in Advancement. Questions of superiority or in feriority do not properly apply to the conditions of life, the intellect ual equipment of society or the crystalized institutions of evolu tion in the science of thought. It is an illog' d process, and conse quently the conclusions must be grossly at fault to argue that one race or generation is superior to another because the so-called su perior race is surrounded by high er forms of life than the so-called superior to another because race is surrounded by higher forms of life than the so-called inferior raco. 'T'vere a gross violation of truth and a heathern method of reasoning for the Slav of fifty years ago to brand the Japanese inferiors because the islanders were not acquainted with the bru tal acts of war. The simple and truthful statement to make in such a case is that the Japanese were lacking in the formsnnd ac cumulated products of civilized lift*. Kidd brings out this truth when he says, referring to Mr. Gallon’s flimsy argument t.» prove the superiority of the present, civi lizated Anglo-Saxon over the un washed Dainara: ’“The fallacy which underlies the reasoning based upon.facts of this kind, by which the mental inferority of un civilized races is supposed to be proved is not immediately appar ent : but an undoubted and extra ordinary fallacy exists neverthe less. It is one of the commonest examples of equipment which we receive from the civilization to which we belong with the mental capacity with which nature has endowed us.” The present results in Japanese development simply declare that they were tardier than the Slav in receiving and appropriating ad vanced civilization. Neither is de lay in developing a mark of dull ness and certainly it is no badge of inferiority. The case cited may be easily explained upon historical grounds and not upon psychologi cal grounds. It is historically cor rect that the Japs were far behind the Slavs in surrounding them selves with the fruits and equip ments of a highly social state; it is also psychologically correct that when they did appropriate the machinery of advuned thought they surpassed their supposed su periors in the deft and accurate handling of this machinery to the chargrin and the humiliating of the boastful Russ. There is but one tiling to which the words “superiority and infer iority” may logically apply; it is to personality. The human and divine endowments of personality are the same the world over. The environment, the sphere of opera tion. the mental and civilized equipment and also the source of inspiration may be to a less or greater degree supplied or want ing, and per force of argument, the dovelopnent of that personali ty and its outcome in the forms of social life will be small or great. This contention is not made for the individual units of a genera tion. but for the sum total. It can be proved that human nature, centralizes her powers in certain individuals, lint that to the con trary, because of the difficulty in measuring personalitty. it is pre mature to hold that this individ ual personality is superior to that one because that one has not yet developed itself. It is therefore illogical for any man to affirm that the white man is superior to the Negro because the white man has adopted the forms of civilized life sooner than the pagan African. Priority of development is no ar gument for superiority of ment. Furthermore, it can be shown from numerous cases, ancient and present, that where the Negro came into contact with the higher forms of life and the accumulated power of generations, he adopted these forms of life, became educa ted had not only equalled some of the best of the earlier developed of the white races, but surpassed many others. Even at this pres. <>nt time, we can show men and women who in their mental capac ity and intellectual ability in the higher forms of social life are equal to the best that the white race has produced. Already our school boys and girls have laughed to scorn the ante-bellum dictum of the wise-acres that the Negro cannot learn. They made the childish mistake by supposing that because he did not learn, he could not learn. Three minutes of reasoning along the basis of two and two make four, would have dispelled the gauzy film that blind ed their prejudiced minds. They knew nothing of the “a preori” method in acquiring the truth of the value and power of the human mind, and even the “a posteriori” method of modern times seems to have no meaning for their stupid minds, but truth is marching on. The Negro of today will never DENVER, COLORADO, SATURDAY. OCTOBER 21, 11)05. consent to the statement that he is inferior to the white man. He admits that his race is tardy in coming to the light and that, not for psychological reasons but for historical reasons: he will grant that in the possession of the ele ments of strength that increase civilization he is wanting, but not in the essentials of power; he will agree that in the products of mind and hand he does not equal his white brother, but not because of a lack of capacity on his part, or of superiority on the part of the whiteman. But ns to the inferior in the endowments of brain and heart, the Negro gentlemen will never brand himself with the black badge of inferiority. He is a late comer. That’s all. —Voice ol the Negro. RACE NEWS Gathered from Various Sources. Knoxville, Temi., Oct. ll—Eva line McGhee, a famous ex-slave, is dead, aged 112. I D. M. Jackson was recently ap pointed United States consul at Jaune Juato, Mexico. A call lias been issued for all of the colored ministers of the Unit ed States and Canuda to meet in a United Christian Congress. Jan- ( uary 25, lfiOO, the purpose being, as stated in the call, to put before , the world the necessity of increas ed interest in those things which so deeply concern the welfare of the Negro people. The death of ex-Gongressman J. E. O'Hara at New Bern, N. C, a few days ago, removes, from the stage of action one of the ablest of the Negro race. The deceased, who was the most brilliant lawyer North Carolina has ever produced, was, during reconstruction, a rep resentative in congress from the .Second district. t In a few days Louisville, Ivy., will boast of a Trust company. , with a paid up capital stock of $500,000. for the purpose of doing , a general banking business and to establish and maintain a chain of banks in the large cities of the South. Many of the most promi nent Negroes of the South are in strumental in organizing this com pany. Dallas. Tex., Oct. 15.—The Ne gro Baptist convention of Texas, in session at Waco, adopted a res olution to day commending John D. Rockefeller, and saying that in the opinion of the convention he was an inspired giver. They also commended what he had done for the advancement of education and I religion in the religious world. Topeka. Kalis.. October 11. An alternative writ of Mandamus, re turnable November 7. was issued by the Supreme Court to day. di-. renting the admission of Mamie Richardson, an 18-year-old Negro girl to the high school of Kansas City, Kansas. The suit is design ed to (test the constitutionality of the law enacted by the Legislature last winter, by which Kansas City, Kansas, was enabled to separate the races in the high school. London, Ky., Oct. 17.—Virgil Bowers, a Negro, was taken from the comity jail here last night and har.ged to an apple tree on the road leading to Barbourville. Oil August 26 Bowers shot and killed George Farris, a wealthy Knox corner lumber dealer. At his trial last neck the jury cflsaggreed, ten voting for the death penalty, and two for a life sentence. A second : trial by a jury brought from Rock Castle county reduced a verdict of life sentence, after ten jurors had voted fer hanging. The mob is thought to have come from Knox county. Criminiology. Complaint is now being heard through the daily press concern ing Negro criminology and the filling of the jails of the Common wealth by youthful Negro crimin als. This is true. It is deplor able. and we would correct it if we could. We will ever be slow to of fer apology of any kind for law lessness and a disregard of the laws of the Commonwealth, but we do not think we are wrong when we say that the great discre pancy in the Sentli between black and white criminology is due wliol-1 ly to the discrimination between ; justice —white and black. Ail examination of the criminal record of Virginia will show that' a black boy is convicted of a crime | which, if he were a white boy and i accused, lie would be acquitted. White women overtaken red-hand ed in theft are kleptomaniacs, while black women are common thieves. A black boy accused of crime, which cannot be proven, ami of which he cannot be convict e 1 i- required to give security for his good behavior —a drag-net which takes him to jail, while a white boy would be acquitted. Such is the condition of affairs' that exist in Virginia. It is this which is filling the jails and peni- ; tentiary with youthful Negro crim inals, t If justice lie even-handed —if there be not a white and a black jusiice—if the black boy accused of crime is given the same consid eration as the white hoy, the per centage of criminology will lie less in the black race as compared with the white race. -Reformer, To Destroy Suffrage Right. Such will be the Result if Congress Votes to Cut Down Congressional Representation—Southern Mob after Thos. Dixon. Governor James K. Vardanian of Mississippi, as recently an nounced himself as a candidate to be a Senator in the Congress. The plank upon which he proposes to | make his canvass is very direct and simple. It is bodily a plea for Missisippi to comply with the United Stutes Constitution and re duce its representation in the low er house of Congress and thereby secure the right to disfranchise all Afro-Americans regardless of qualifications. Of course, Missis sippi could do this, and any other state for that matter, and still re tain the power that it possesses in the United States Senate, and a law could be passed by the state preventing any Afro-American from voting, no matter how much intelligence or property he might possess. This, in short, is the logical result of advocating cutting down Southern representation. It will, therefore, be seen that those Afro-Americans who advocate cut ling down Southern representation are in thorough accord with Var danian and his kind. There was a public meeting in Boston recently for the purpose of urging along the feeble sentiment for the reduction of Southern rep resentation in congress. Air. A. B Humphreys of New York made a speech in which he claimed to be the author of the reduction plank in the Republican platform. He said that there were a full linn- I dred Negroes from the South at : the Chicago convention who favor ed his reduction proposition. We do not doubt it. But the fact counts for nothing. It is an easy | matter to find a hundred Afro- Americans in Boston, or the South who would agree to any proposi tion affecting the vitality of their political rights, simply because they do not know what the vitali ty of their political rights are. When Congress votes to justify the right of a state to disfranchise a part of its citizenship, with only the loss of proportionate repre sentation in Congress, we shall be in a fearful pickle. N. V. Age. Columbia, S. C , Oct. 15.—Thos. | Dixon, novelist and playwright, escaped mob violence in this city ! early this morning after the per formance last night of his new 1 play, “The Clansman,” dealing with Negro rule in South Carolina J during the reconstruction period, j only by locking himself in his i room in his hotel. The play was heartily hissed by the large audience which gathered and Inter, when a number of young men prominent in the social and business life of the city gathered in front cf the hotel with hostile | intent and sent up a note asking the playwright to come down, he suspected their purpose and re fused. Balked in theer purpose of doing him bodily injury, the young men drew up a set of resolutions set ting fourth in unmistakable terms their opinion of the author and his play and had them sent . up to his room. The largest crowd that ever en tered a local theatre attended toJ night’s performance, blit it was a crowd intent on showing its dis approval. There was frequent hissing throuhout the performance which almost drowned out the ap plause of the few who dared to show their approval. When, at the end of the first scene in the third act, after scat tering calls, the author made his appearance in front of the curtain hisses from all parts of the theater mingled with htinclicaping, and it was full two minutes before Dixon could proceed. The manner in which the author conducted him* self in the face of the embarrass ing situation made friends foe hiuij After referring pleasantly to the fact that there had been friendly criticism of his play, he told of his close ties in South Carolina. He said he would give SI,OOO to any person who would point out any historical inaccurrcy in the play. "I am not afraid of the truth,” he said. ‘“God ordained the South ern white man to teach the lesson of Arylan supremacy." In concluding, he said that he had always observed that there are two divisions in the South—those who would hiss and those who would applaud the ones who are trying to portray the true ideals of the South. “There were scalawags then and there are scalawags now." he said very pointedly. The audience was composed al most entirely of white people, there being scarcely a dozen Ne groes in the gallery. Rev. Richard Carroll, the most prominent Negro educator in South Carolina, witnessed the per formance by invitation, standing in the rear of the orchestra. Car roll declares that, this is one of the most horrible things that has ever visited the South and will do more toward injuring the prosperity of the South than any other could do. NO. 4.