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PATRONIZE MERCHANTS WHO ADV. IN THE PEOPLE’S PAPER
THE COLORADO STATESMAN SL'ASi on- Zrb\tL OL VOL. XXII. LIBERIA THE FINANCIAL SITUATION The p eeent financial situation in Liberia (says the Auier ican Consul at Monrovia) is due to the lack of ships to carry away its produce and to brimg in retujn those articles which are needed but not produced there. Relief could take no more practi cal form than the establishment of a direct lino of American steamers culling at Liberian ports. Before the outbreak of hostilities steam slrtfc service to Liberia was main tained. by English lines from Liv erpool and Rotterdam; German lines fiom Hamburg and Bremen; a Spanish line from Cadiz; and also, by agreement, the English and German lines mentioned oper ated jointly a direct service from New York to West Africu. and Liberian ports were included in its itinerary. Simultaneously with the declar ation of war all German steamship service to West Africa oeased. That deprived Liberia at one stroke of four-fifths of its shipping facilities. Spanish steamers are said to refuse curgo when it is of fered them by Germans or by per sons who have bought it from Ger mans because, it is claimed, such cargo renders the steuuiers liable to seizure and search, involving delay and expense. The English service has also become badly dis organized, at leust so far as Liberia is concerned, and this has contri buted its full share toward the ere ation of acute conditions in the commerce of the country. A REMEDY At this stage of developments, Liberians are not in need of whole sale charity and as I understand, do not ask or seek it SVhat they do earnestly desire is neutral ship ping facilities that will carry from their ports the thousands of tons of produce now congested there, and bring in exchange the things* they reed. Two American steam ers of say, 11,000 tons, plying be tween New \ ork and Liberia, would be loaded to their full ca pacity each way, and handsome returns be made on the capital iu vested in the enterprise. Although the spectre of war and cognate matters seem to fill the entire diplomatic horizon, a cloud, proverbially no larger than a man’s hand, bus appeared in that quarter. The cloud may pass away or it may cast a shadow over the relations between this country and the United States and between j,'fiince and tlie United States, Probably comparatively few people know of the American Colonization Society, which i B introducing the question which can cause serious trouble. The Society founded Liberia in 1821, and ruled it as a kind of Chartered Company until 1817, when the colony wus given its independence. But though the Society never interfered in the government ot the Republic, it lias always bad u dis tiuct, as well as a sentimental, interest in the land, for when control was relinquishAl, sixty eight years ago, there was a clear stipulation in the treaty of session that the Society should hold every alternate square mile in Liberia, and in each new settlement subse quently formad. The agreement is described as a valid and living instrument. At one time Liberia consisted of 85.000 square miles. Claims by Great Britain and by- France have reduced the territory to little more than ill),(XX) square miles. TEURITORIAL REBATE The American Colonization Society now not only challenges the right and equity of Great Britain and France to effect these rectifications of the frontier, but intends, it is said, to demand restitution; using another phrase employed, to claim territorial rebate. Should the attempt to have the claim endorsed by the United States succeed, an unpicas ant situation will be brought about, considerably accentuated by the fact—wnich is given here on the strength of a semi-official state ment at Washingtou-that Prcai dent Howard and his administra tion at Liberia will work with the Americun Colonization Society “in recovery of sovereignty and property rights in the ulienated territory.” We give no view at this siage of the question, but simply render a plain statement of fact on what may develop into a troublesome subject.—The African World. MAJOR BALLARD BACK FROM LIBERIAN POST Major Wilson Ballard and wife arrived in New York last Monday after two months trip from Mon rovia, Liberia. He has been us6o ciut.ed with Captain Young in re cruiting and perfecting an organi zation of u Liberia and native con stabulary, and ps filled with the interesting experiences which he encountered in the Hinterland and African Bush, und his very enthu siastic wife gives u vivid account of their two months of dodging German submarines and glimpses j a u,-g\o\l -JS -r>j=i wist, ■ ■ ' '' w mVJSr “w — i DENVER COLORADO SATURDAY. OCTOBER 9. 1915 of the war zone and storm at sea. They are now on their way to the War Office at Washington, D C., where Major Ballard is to present his report and submit a map that he and his assistants worked out of the entire country of Liberia. It is the first map of its kind ever made of Liberia. WAR WILL BENEFIT ALL COLORED RACES New York City.— In an inter view granted the New York Times recently Mr Srinivas R. Wagel (East Indian), financial editor of the North China Daily News, filed a hot shot at the theory held by the white races that they have a monopoly of the virtues while the Colored races are in possession of all the undesirable traits of hu uignity. The interview is published in the New York Times of Aug. 22 Mr. Wagel said in part: “The white races have gone on the theory for many years that had a monopoly of the virtues, while the Colored races wete in possession of all the undesirable traits of hu manity. But this War appears to have proven to several of the white races that ottier white races have quite as many and as sinister at tributes as any Colored races. The men with tinted skins of my own and other races who arc fighting in the trenches beside the English and the French— are they not men who are proving their manhood and their virtue to those English and French ? “Befoie the year it was said by whites that they would not work beside men of colored skins, be cause it was lowering to do so. i'he white men who are today us ing the rifle and bayonet side by side with uieu of colored skins ure fiudiug no lowering of dignity. It is likely thut when the war is over the white men will regard the tim ed men who huVe fought beside them in quite the same way as they did in-fere the war, if it-comes to a question working in the field with tuem tor instance? "There aie fas hie lIS in thought and 1 believe die war will uiuke en tirely old-tasliloued the thought that a man witti u white skin must necessuiny lie superior toil uiuii with a brown skin “BIRTH OF A NATION CAUS ES RIOT IN PHIL ADELPHIA. Philadt ldtiiu has hud a riot, j “The Birtu of the Nation” caused i it. Having appealed unsuccess-[ fully to tae m lyor of the city j and the gowrnor ef the stale tot prohibit me pies-illation of D.x j on’s distasteful photo play, an us -Bemoluge of coioied citizens isfi-. [mated at 5,000, among whom were many white sympathizers, march ed to the Forrest theater to pro test against. its appearance. As the crowd was orderly allwent well un til some one hurled a brick through the theatre window. One hun dred police then charged the crowd and in the brief tight which ensued some of Philadelphia's best colored citizens were injured and some of the police did not escupe without painful bruises. RETIRES AFTER THIRTY YEARS ARMY SERVICE Seattle. Wash , Oct. I.—Only 45 years of age, William A. Vrooin an, regimental quartermaster ser geant of the Ninth cavalry, retired on September 12 after thirty years coutnuous service, with puy amounting to s*>7.4o per mouth. His entire service was with the Ninth. Vrooman enlisted in 188(i at Buffalo, N. Y., when only lfi years old. He served in the Indian cam paign of 1890-18D1, was at Santiago in the battle of Sun Juan Hill, and was in the Philippine of 1900- 02. He qualified in 1894 as distin guished marksman, the highest qualification in the army. Sergeant Vrooman received Lis retirement papers at Douglas. Ariz., where the Ninth is stationed, on September 12, and the next day he was escorted by the regimental band and a large number of bis comrades when he took the train for Cheyenne, where he visited be fore coming on to Seattle. He will make his future home in this city. PROHIBITION LAW SUSTAINED. Ia his decision iu the district court Wednesday last, Judge Perry upheld the prohibition law passed by the last legislature when he refused the ap plication of the "Home Rule’ league in their mandamus proceedings against Secretary of State Hamer, who would not file petition for referendum of the law at the next general election. The judge held that it was not with in the province of the court to go be hind a law regularly passed by the legislature. Notice was given by John W. Hel big, attorney for the petitioners, that he would take the case to the supreme courtf or review as the safety clause was improperly inserted in the bill and therefore the bill was null and! void. Judge Perry held that the leg islature had the right to put In the safety clause and also to provide that the law should not go into effect for nearly a year afterwards, lie found j nothing in the passage of the law that i would justify Invalidating it. The secretary or stute expressed | himself as being very much satisfied ,j witti the decision. i •! "A handsome i:. ;l I ti< .-to J Ebon, “alius huo to lose u little* time j In life convincin’ people dat he’s will* 5 , in’ to do Bho'-nuft work.” RACE NEWS GATHERED FROM VARIOUS SOURCES Leoniu. N. J., Whites here are exercised because George S. Mills, a well to-do colored man. bought a residence in the exclusive residen tial section for which he paid $6,500. Rumor has it that two blocks on Grand avenue, where Mills’ new home stands may be given over to well to do colored tenants or buyers. A colored real estate dealer of New Yoik city is said to be behind this project. One thousand dollars to Mrs. Coleridge-Taylor, widow of the great composer: one hundred dol lars to his mother, and two hun dred dollars to each of the children until they reach the age of twenty one. These pensious are the es timate the Bitish Government sets npon the work of a great man. But Coleridge-Taylor did not write “Tipperary.” Chicago,—At the Lincoln Jubi lee and Half-Century Anniversary of Negro Freedom, celebrated re cently in Chicago, Catholic mission work among the colored people of America was represented by exbi bits from 42 convents, schools and churches. The Catholic exhibition was one of the largest in the hall. Pupils of Mother Katherine Drex el’s school were awarded first prize for magnificent embroidery work; the second prize went to the color ed Sisters in Baltimore and the third prize to the Illinois Tecbtii cal School for Girls in Chicago. Chattanooga. Tenn., Sept. 80 —The Colored citizens who were not satisfied with the representa t ons of their forefathers as shown in Griffith’s spectacle, "The Birth of a Nation,” at the Forrest theatre liave decided to spend no further I lime in protesting the Griffith pro-| duclioti and is agreed that a furl more tffeetivc answer can be made by devoting its attention to mak ing its own a success. With this end in view, Janu s Scott, private secretary to Booker T. Washing ton has been in conference with Henry I. MacMuhon, ttie Eustern representative of Thomas H. luce, the celebrated motion-picture di rector. An elaborate scenario has been worked out showing the early the wonderful progress that en lightened Colored citizens have made in the past half a century. In affairs of the Pullman sleep ing corporation w ilt bo uired in C> tigress duiing the next ses-ion, if present indications count h r any • king The Negro, of course, wII ■V couffrn y Y> NO fi figure conspicuously in u portion of the proceedings. In accordance* with recommendations of the Uni ted States Commission on Indus trial Relations, a bill is likely to be introduced early in the coming sessiou prohibiting the tipping of employees of public service cor porations doing an interstate busi ness. The commission’s recom mendations are based largely upon its investigation of the affairs of Pullman Car Company, in which figured prominently the problem of wages and “tips” received by the colored porters employed by the company. The question is a big one and there will be much said on both sides. "The Colored Industrial School of Cincinnati is probably the best equipped industrial school any wheie in the North for colored youth. It has a milliou dollar en dowment, the gift of the late Mrs. McCall of Cincinnati, who wished to found an institution for the in dustrial education of Negro youth in Cincinnati. This sohool car ries all ttie industries, and a chauf feur and automobile repair course. Mr Ricks, the principal, is using some of his boys, along with such colored mechanics as he can get, in constructing the new SIO,OOO Carmel Presbyterian Church. This will probably be the only building in Cincinnati put tip en tirely by colored mechanics. Jeffersonville, lnd . Sept. 24. Nathaniel Marble and John Brit ton, two of five colored employees of the Pennsylvania lines who have sued to recover the difference in pay which they received as Porti rs on the run between Louisville and Indianapolis, and the rate of pay of white brakemen on the same run, have tiled additional suits against the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis Railway Co., the former asking sl2l ai d the laltpr $54, alleged due as part of their wuges kept back as contribu tions to the voluntary relief de partment of the railroad. Both were discharged, with several oth ers, August 15, l'Jls, bee ms * of the proiest made fiy t.ier.iir ad or ganizations over the employmeat of the porters to do brukeuien, s work Each is sun g for more tliaii $2 000 alleged due as differ, uoe ot ..a_;es. Sevi ral suits similar to he two new eiies have teen m- itnled against the Baltimore A Ouin Southwestern Ri.ilroad i ..mpany, l>ut these ure the first, as tar as known lit re, to be .ir . ted against the v> Unitary r|| f de partment of the PeimsyWuiiiiA lines.