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THE COLORADO STATESMAN 6rb\LL •]£ VOL. XXIII. A SOUTHERN COMMUNITY TAKE VIGOROUS STEPS AGAINST LYNCHINGS THE GOVERNOR OF SOUTH CAROLINA PLEDGES HIS UN STINTED SUPPORT WITH THE PEOPLE’S CO-OPER ATION TO CLEAR HIS STATE OF THE STIGMA PLACED UPON ITS NAME. New York, Nov. 22.—Governor Richard I. Manning, of South Carolina, as a result of a recent lynching of Anthony Crawford, at Abbeville, hastaken a stand which promises to clear the name of his State of the stigma which attached to it during the administration of his predecessor, the notorious Cole Blease. Governor Manning in a statement given out to the press on the day before election says: “I was out of the State when the Abbeville lynching occured. As soon as I learned of it I called Solicitor R. A. Cooper and Sheriff R. M. Burts, of Abbeville, to the office and called on Coroner F. W. R. Mance of Abbeville County to comply with the law and furnish me with a the testimony taken at the coroner’s inquest. I found that the coroner held an inquest, but took no testimony. “I intend to do everything in my power to uphold the laV and let the offenders know that such acts will not be tolerated, and that those guilty of violating the law must suffer for it. I have requested Solictor Cooper as the State’s representative and Sheriff Burts as the highest peace officer in the county, to leave no stone unturned in order to vindicate the law and all the powers of the governor’s office are at their dis posal in bringing the guilty ones to justice.” The lynching referred to oc cured on October 21 in one of South Carolina’s most beautiful and progressive cities. Anthony Crawford, the victim, was fifty one years old, worth over $20,000. He got into a row with a white storekeeper named Barksdale ov er the price of cottonseed. It is reported that Mr. Barksdale call ed him a liar and that Crawford cursed him roundly in return, whereupon a clerk ran out to give Crawford a beating with an ax handle. He was saved from this by a policeman who arrested Crawford took him to the mu nicipal building, but when they let him out on bail a crowd of men took after him again intent on punishing him for daring to curse a white man. . ‘‘The day a white man hits me is that day I die.” Anthony Crawford once said to a friend. When he saw the crowd coming after him, he went down in the boiler room of the gin, picked up a four-pound hammer and wait ed. The first man who came at him, McKinley Cann, received a blow in the head which fractured his skull, some one threw a stone which knocked out crawford be fore he reached anyone else. While he was down they knifed him in the back and kicked him until they thought they had fin ished him, when they permitted the sheriff to arrest the uncon scious Crawford on condition that he would not take his pris oner out of town until they knew whether Cann would live or die. Cann wasn’t hurt as badly as they thought, but nevertheless a mob went back to the jail at 4 o’clock that afternoon, took the keys and guns away from the sheriff and jailor, dragged Craw ford through the streets with a rope around his neck, hung his mutilated body to a pine tree at the entrance to the fair grounds, and expended a couple hundred rounds of ammunition at it. On Monday a meeting was called in the Abbeville courthouse at which it was decided to order the sixteen sons and daughters of Crawford and th'eir families to abandon their $20,000 home and get out of the State by Nov. 15. After the meeting ffiis mob pro ceeded to close up all the colored shops fn Abbeville. The Columbia State, in a pow erful editorial, pointed out that in view of the exodus of labor from the South to northern in dustrial fields and the approach of the boil weevil, South Caro lina’s problem was to keep her colored men instead of serving notice on them that no matter how industrious or successful they might be, their case was ab solutely hopeless. It so convinc ed the business men of Abbeville that they had lynched their own pocket-books, that on Nov. 6, an other meeting was held in the court house, at which the follow ing resolutions were unanimously passed: “We, the citizens of the city of Abbeville, in mass meeting assembled, do hereby express in unqualified terms our disapproval of the recent violent acts of cer tain persons committed in our community, and the spirit of law vvas-r. y 'fkhw/r' 'YVJV>1 - DENVER, COLORADO, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 9 1916 lessness that seems rife in the country, resulting in continued acts of lawlessness it is, ‘ ‘Resolved, That the sheriff of Abbeville County the Mayor of Abbeville, the Police Force, and every officer of the county and city be urged to use every effort to enforce the law and to protect the citizens of the town and county regardless of condition or color. “Resolved further, That we do hereby pledge ourselves as indi viduals to give to the officers of the law our physical support in maintaining the law, etc.” WORLD’S RICHEST NEGRO YOUTH Tulsa, Okla. —Adam Manuel, Creek freedman, died in Colora do recently, and already there is a race on among some of the res idents of Muskogee county to get the appointment of guardian for his children. There are five of the children living, and the elder Manuel in herited the allotments of two who are dead, but the guardian ship is sought because of Luther Manuel, a minor son, who is be lieved to be the richest Negro boy in the world. When the allotments were made for the Manuel family, those of Luther, 13, and Rafiel-i, his youngest brother, were in ? locality where the land was worthless for farming purposes. Their father complained that the land was valueless but he was unable to have any change made. It turned out that the allot ment of Luther, believed to be worthless, was in the heart of the Cushing oil field. Since that field was developed nearly six years ago his income from it has amounted to from $20,000 to $25,- 000 a month. The allotment of Rafield Manuel is not so valuable. The allotments of the other chil dren are good for agricultural purposes only. Sarah Rector has been consid ered the most fortunate of all those among the Creek freedmen who took allotments in that sec tion of the country, but her for tune is far less than that of Luth er Manuel. For a time, when the Cushing oil was at its best, or for more than two years, her incom was SIOOO a day. NEGRO SUNDAY SCHOOL WORK GROWING RAPIDLY The Watchman-Examiner, in dealing with the Negro and Sunday school work, says: "The modern school of methods for Sunday school leadership is develop ing among the Negroes. The second such educational convention is now meeting at Clark university, Atlanta, Ga. The movement began in Septem ber, 1913, at Knoxville college, when forty-seven people were present, rep resenting nineteen institutions. Al most every person then present has taught a teacher training class every year since. • "There are now such classes In 10ft Negro colleges in nineteen states. They register 3,060 students. The pro gress since 1911 is from 150 students in nine institutions five years ago. The gain has been steady each year, this year numbering 1,082 students more than last. Among the nineteen states where the work is carried on North Carolina shows the largest number, 484, and Ohio the smallest, four. Sev enteen college presidents teach in thc~e classes, and sixteefl classes were organized exclusively for members of the faculties. “The training is now officially ap proved by the Congregational, Metho dist, Presbyterian. Christian and United Presbyterian bodies. There are "i?, 000,000 Negroes in the United States under twenty years of age. There are more Negroes in America than Canadians in Canada.” NEGRO FARMER MAKES RECORD. More than half a bale of cotton to the acre is the record made by an old Negro, Aaron Sims, on Harris county lands. Sims’ farm is at Huffman, where he owns 500 acres, part of which is under cultivation, part pas ture, and the remainder in a woodland tract. This year Sims planted thirty acres in cotton, from tohich he has just har vested and marketed nineteen bales. With the average price of cotton this season around 18 cents, his approx imate income from this crop alone was more than $1,700, which was exclusive of seed. But he has not farmed in cotton alone. Sims is the proud possessor of eighty head of hogs, w'hich he has raised mainly on sweet potatoes, to say nothing of about eighty chickens. Sims was an interesting visitor Fri day at the Chamber of Commerce, where he related his story to Assist ant General Manager G. C. Roussel. He brought a giant tuber to show' Mr. Roussel, which is pronounced to be the best specimen of potato that has been brought to the Chamber of Com merce this season. The potato weighed 10*4 pounds and is perfectly formed. There been other large potatoes, some weighing eight and nine pounds, but even these were Marled and twisted in a tortur ous fashion. With the exception of a few’ natural eyes and creases the po tato is perfectly smooth. From tip to tip it is 9Vfe inches long and measures 7 inches in diameter. In circumference the long way it is 27 inches, and around the middle it Is 22 inches in circumference. Sims said that he raised this year nearly 1,000 bushels of potatoes, but, of course, they were not nearly the size of the giant he brought to the Chamber of Commerce. He says he has fed most of them to his hogs. When asked how he raised them he said, “I don’t know, boss; 1 just plant ed them and they just growed.” In addition to his farm work. Sims and his sons, seven in number, do log ging work for several saw mills in the vicinity of their home. Sims owns 27 head of oxen with which he does this work. He says this work alone is suf ficient to provide for himself and his family.—Houston Post. RACE NEWS GATHERED FROM VARIOUS SOURCES Birmingham, Ala.—An indica ted effort to stop the sale of pa pers published by colored men was been in the action of one of the city detectives, Goldstein, who ordered a colored man, ven dor of Negro papers, to go to the office of the chief of police, as he did not want ‘ Negro papers sold on the streets any more. ’ ’ The vendor, however, had taken out a business license, and other than being kept for two hours, cooling his heels in the chief’s office, was not interfered with. It is thought that this action in dicates that when licenses are due to be renewed on January 1, 1917, colored news agents would be refused, but just how the po lice officials hope to be able to do this does not appear. Baltimore, Md.—That Charles M. Schwab intends to give col ored labor a square deal at his big steel works near the city was asserted by his confidential man, Joseph L. Ray, at a banquet ten dered him by representative men of the race here Tuesday evening of last week. Mr. Ray said that Mr. Schwab intended spending $50,000,000 within the next three years in developing his plant here, and would make Baltimore the greatest ship-building center on the Atlantic seaboard. He said that 20,000 men would be employed, and that colored men would be employed, and that col ored men would be given a chance at anything were capable of doing. He said that it spelled good things for the race in the way of industrial op portunity. New York, Dec. 7.—Fred Pol lard, the Negro youth who chop ped and hacked to pieces every means of defense that could be devised by Yale and Harvard, and who stands today as one of the most remarkable football players of a decade, is working his way thru Brown university. Pollard runs a little shop, and in moments when he isn’t humping away at his studies or hammer hering down the field for Brown in football contests, he presses the students’ suits. Pollard is only a youngster as a football player in the bigger colleges, but already he has pulled a team to championship classification by his own efforts. He chose Brown merely because it looked better to him than did several other universities, including Dartmouth. A brother of Pol- >^c// COU/TTftY NO 17. lard’s formerly played football at Dartmouth and pollard’s inclina tions were first toward the Han over, N. H., school. NEGRO LABOR ROW BRINGS A PROTEST BY BRITISH UNIONS London, Nov. 26. —Trades unionism which has been growling informally at the prospect of the introduction of col ored labor in Great Britain, has made a formal protest. The National Trans port Workers Federation, one of the largest unions has passed a long res olutlon condemning certain proposals of the government affecting labor. The resolution says, in part: "The federation’s executive hopes that the authorities will not be so ill advised as to attempt the Introduction of any class of colored labor on the docks or other waterside places of em ployment. In the existing crisis to think of employing colored labor would mean the recrudescence of all the trouble and discontent experi enced by the increased employment of Chinese in the mercantile marine. ADVERTISE BARGAINS FOR WHITE FOLKS ONLY Louisville, Ky., Nov. 25. —Many stores in Louisville discriminate against their colored patrons. Colored women cannot get a glass of water nor use the toilets in certain stores; they can not fit gloves nor corsets nor hats. But Crutcher & Starks, Men’s Clothiers, at Fourth and Jefferson streets, is the first firm to publicly advertise race discrimination. In a large advertise ment in last Sundays Herald they say a certain proposition is only for "white parents.” To Mr. Lee L. Brow’n goes the credit of "discovering’’ the obnoxious feature of the advertisement. He im mediately called the attention of other men to it, and they agreed with him that it was not a matter of whe ther Crutcher & Starks wanted the patronage of our people, but that the principle involved in a public house of this sort advertising race discrimina tion was a very serious matter. This sort of thing is bound to increase race prejudice; every reader of that "ad” was affected by it one way or another, and it is safe to say in the nature of things that prejudice against our peo ple was given a certain impetus. NEW DARK ATHLETE IS HAWAIIAN SENSATION New York, Dec. 4. —Lorrin Andrews, the delegate from the Hawaiian Ath letic Association, who is here to at tend the annual meeting of the Ama teur Athletic Union of the United States, stated recently that his asso ciation is proudly boasting of another Howard P. Drew. The lad whom he refers to is a huge study in ebony. His name is Gilbert, and he is a member of the Twenty-fifth infantry, sta tioned at Honolulu. Andrew’s states that Gilbert is a tall fellow', with a pair of long, strong legs. Gilbert, according to Andrews, has been credited with doing 100 yards in ten seconds consistently, and on two other occasions has run the distance in 9 4-6 seconds. Andrews also says that athletics is booming on the islands. Swimming has more admirers and participants than any other sport.