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The Colorado statesman. [volume] (Denver, Colo.) 1895-1961, December 09, 1916, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025514/1916-12-09/ed-1/seq-1/

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New York, Nov. 22.—Governor
Richard I. Manning, of South
Carolina, as a result of a recent
lynching of Anthony Crawford,
at Abbeville, hastaken a stand
which promises to clear the
name of his State of the
stigma which attached to it
during the administration of his
predecessor, the notorious Cole
Blease. Governor Manning in a
statement given out to the press
on the day before election says:
“I was out of the State when
the Abbeville lynching occured.
As soon as I learned of it I called
Solicitor R. A. Cooper and Sheriff
R. M. Burts, of Abbeville, to the
office and called on Coroner F. W.
R. Mance of Abbeville County to
comply with the law and furnish
me with a the testimony
taken at the coroner’s inquest.
I found that the coroner held an
inquest, but took no testimony.
“I intend to do everything in
my power to uphold the laV and
let the offenders know that such
acts will not be tolerated, and
that those guilty of violating the
law must suffer for it. I have
requested Solictor Cooper as the
State’s representative and Sheriff
Burts as the highest peace officer
in the county, to leave no stone
unturned in order to vindicate
the law and all the powers of the
governor’s office are at their dis
posal in bringing the guilty ones
to justice.”
The lynching referred to oc
cured on October 21 in one of
South Carolina’s most beautiful
and progressive cities. Anthony
Crawford, the victim, was fifty
one years old, worth over $20,000.
He got into a row with a white
storekeeper named Barksdale ov
er the price of cottonseed. It is
reported that Mr. Barksdale call
ed him a liar and that Crawford
cursed him roundly in return,
whereupon a clerk ran out to give
Crawford a beating with an ax
handle. He was saved from this
by a policeman who arrested
Crawford took him to the mu
nicipal building, but when they
let him out on bail a crowd of
men took after him again intent
on punishing him for daring to
curse a white man. .
‘‘The day a white man hits me
is that day I die.” Anthony
Crawford once said to a friend.
When he saw the crowd coming
after him, he went down in the
boiler room of the gin, picked up
a four-pound hammer and wait
ed. The first man who came at
him, McKinley Cann, received a
blow in the head which fractured
his skull, some one threw a stone
which knocked out crawford be
fore he reached anyone else.
While he was down they knifed
him in the back and kicked him
until they thought they had fin
ished him, when they permitted
the sheriff to arrest the uncon
scious Crawford on condition
that he would not take his pris
oner out of town until they knew
whether Cann would live or die.
Cann wasn’t hurt as badly as
they thought, but nevertheless a
mob went back to the jail at 4
o’clock that afternoon, took the
keys and guns away from the
sheriff and jailor, dragged Craw
ford through the streets with a
rope around his neck, hung his
mutilated body to a pine tree at
the entrance to the fair grounds,
and expended a couple hundred
rounds of ammunition at it.
On Monday a meeting was
called in the Abbeville courthouse
at which it was decided to order
the sixteen sons and daughters
of Crawford and th'eir families to
abandon their $20,000 home and
get out of the State by Nov. 15.
After the meeting ffiis mob pro
ceeded to close up all the colored
shops fn Abbeville.
The Columbia State, in a pow
erful editorial, pointed out that
in view of the exodus of labor
from the South to northern in
dustrial fields and the approach
of the boil weevil, South Caro
lina’s problem was to keep her
colored men instead of serving
notice on them that no matter
how industrious or successful
they might be, their case was ab
solutely hopeless. It so convinc
ed the business men of Abbeville
that they had lynched their own
pocket-books, that on Nov. 6, an
other meeting was held in the
court house, at which the follow
ing resolutions were unanimously
“We, the citizens of the city
of Abbeville, in mass meeting
assembled, do hereby express in
unqualified terms our disapproval
of the recent violent acts of cer
tain persons committed in our
community, and the spirit of law
y 'fkhw/r' 'YVJV>1 -
lessness that seems rife in the
country, resulting in continued
acts of lawlessness it is,
‘ ‘Resolved, That the sheriff of
Abbeville County the Mayor of
Abbeville, the Police Force, and
every officer of the county and
city be urged to use every effort
to enforce the law and to protect
the citizens of the town and
county regardless of condition or
“Resolved further, That we do
hereby pledge ourselves as indi
viduals to give to the officers of
the law our physical support in
maintaining the law, etc.”
Tulsa, Okla. —Adam Manuel,
Creek freedman, died in Colora
do recently, and already there is
a race on among some of the res
idents of Muskogee county to get
the appointment of guardian for
his children.
There are five of the children
living, and the elder Manuel in
herited the allotments of two
who are dead, but the guardian
ship is sought because of Luther
Manuel, a minor son, who is be
lieved to be the richest Negro
boy in the world.
When the allotments were
made for the Manuel family,
those of Luther, 13, and Rafiel-i,
his youngest brother, were in ?
locality where the land was
worthless for farming purposes.
Their father complained that the
land was valueless but he was
unable to have any change made.
It turned out that the allot
ment of Luther, believed to be
worthless, was in the heart of
the Cushing oil field. Since that
field was developed nearly six
years ago his income from it has
amounted to from $20,000 to $25,-
000 a month. The allotment of
Rafield Manuel is not so valuable.
The allotments of the other chil
dren are good for agricultural
purposes only.
Sarah Rector has been consid
ered the most fortunate of all
those among the Creek freedmen
who took allotments in that sec
tion of the country, but her for
tune is far less than that of Luth
er Manuel. For a time, when
the Cushing oil was at its best,
or for more than two years, her
incom was SIOOO a day.
The Watchman-Examiner, in dealing
with the Negro and Sunday school
work, says:
"The modern school of methods for
Sunday school leadership is develop
ing among the Negroes. The second
such educational convention is now
meeting at Clark university, Atlanta,
Ga. The movement began in Septem
ber, 1913, at Knoxville college, when
forty-seven people were present, rep
resenting nineteen institutions. Al
most every person then present has
taught a teacher training class every
year since. •
"There are now such classes In 10ft
Negro colleges in nineteen states.
They register 3,060 students. The pro
gress since 1911 is from 150 students
in nine institutions five years ago. The
gain has been steady each year, this
year numbering 1,082 students more
than last. Among the nineteen states
where the work is carried on North
Carolina shows the largest number,
484, and Ohio the smallest, four. Sev
enteen college presidents teach in
thc~e classes, and sixteefl classes were
organized exclusively for members of
the faculties.
“The training is now officially ap
proved by the Congregational, Metho
dist, Presbyterian. Christian and
United Presbyterian bodies. There
are "i?, 000,000 Negroes in the United
States under twenty years of age.
There are more Negroes in America
than Canadians in Canada.”
More than half a bale of cotton to
the acre is the record made by an old
Negro, Aaron Sims, on Harris county
lands. Sims’ farm is at Huffman,
where he owns 500 acres, part of
which is under cultivation, part pas
ture, and the remainder in a woodland
This year Sims planted thirty acres
in cotton, from tohich he has just har
vested and marketed nineteen bales.
With the average price of cotton this
season around 18 cents, his approx
imate income from this crop alone was
more than $1,700, which was exclusive
of seed.
But he has not farmed in cotton
alone. Sims is the proud possessor of
eighty head of hogs, w'hich he has
raised mainly on sweet potatoes, to
say nothing of about eighty chickens.
Sims was an interesting visitor Fri
day at the Chamber of Commerce,
where he related his story to Assist
ant General Manager G. C. Roussel.
He brought a giant tuber to show' Mr.
Roussel, which is pronounced to be
the best specimen of potato that has
been brought to the Chamber of Com
merce this season.
The potato weighed 10*4 pounds and
is perfectly formed. There been
other large potatoes, some weighing
eight and nine pounds, but even these
were Marled and twisted in a tortur
ous fashion. With the exception of a
few’ natural eyes and creases the po
tato is perfectly smooth.
From tip to tip it is 9Vfe inches long
and measures 7 inches in diameter. In
circumference the long way it is 27
inches, and around the middle it Is 22
inches in circumference.
Sims said that he raised this year
nearly 1,000 bushels of potatoes, but,
of course, they were not nearly the
size of the giant he brought to the
Chamber of Commerce. He says he
has fed most of them to his hogs.
When asked how he raised them he
said, “I don’t know, boss; 1 just plant
ed them and they just growed.”
In addition to his farm work. Sims
and his sons, seven in number, do log
ging work for several saw mills in the
vicinity of their home. Sims owns 27
head of oxen with which he does this
work. He says this work alone is suf
ficient to provide for himself and his
family.—Houston Post.
Birmingham, Ala.—An indica
ted effort to stop the sale of pa
pers published by colored men
was been in the action of one of
the city detectives, Goldstein,
who ordered a colored man, ven
dor of Negro papers, to go to the
office of the chief of police, as he
did not want ‘ Negro papers sold
on the streets any more. ’ ’ The
vendor, however, had taken out
a business license, and other
than being kept for two hours,
cooling his heels in the chief’s
office, was not interfered with.
It is thought that this action in
dicates that when licenses are
due to be renewed on January 1,
1917, colored news agents would
be refused, but just how the po
lice officials hope to be able to do
this does not appear.
Baltimore, Md.—That Charles
M. Schwab intends to give col
ored labor a square deal at his
big steel works near the city was
asserted by his confidential man,
Joseph L. Ray, at a banquet ten
dered him by representative men
of the race here Tuesday evening
of last week. Mr. Ray said that
Mr. Schwab intended spending
$50,000,000 within the next three
years in developing his plant
here, and would make Baltimore
the greatest ship-building center
on the Atlantic seaboard. He
said that 20,000 men would be
employed, and that colored men
would be employed, and that col
ored men would be given a
chance at anything were
capable of doing. He said that
it spelled good things for the
race in the way of industrial op
New York, Dec. 7.—Fred Pol
lard, the Negro youth who chop
ped and hacked to pieces every
means of defense that could be
devised by Yale and Harvard,
and who stands today as one of
the most remarkable football
players of a decade, is working
his way thru Brown university.
Pollard runs a little shop, and in
moments when he isn’t humping
away at his studies or hammer
hering down the field for Brown
in football contests, he presses
the students’ suits. Pollard is
only a youngster as a football
player in the bigger colleges, but
already he has pulled a team to
championship classification by
his own efforts. He chose
Brown merely because it looked
better to him than did several
other universities, including
Dartmouth. A brother of Pol-
NO 17.
lard’s formerly played football at
Dartmouth and pollard’s inclina
tions were first toward the Han
over, N. H., school.
London, Nov. 26. —Trades unionism
which has been growling informally at
the prospect of the introduction of col
ored labor in Great Britain, has made
a formal protest. The National Trans
port Workers Federation, one of the
largest unions has passed a long res
olutlon condemning certain proposals
of the government affecting labor. The
resolution says, in part:
"The federation’s executive hopes
that the authorities will not be so ill
advised as to attempt the Introduction
of any class of colored labor on the
docks or other waterside places of em
ployment. In the existing crisis to
think of employing colored labor
would mean the recrudescence of all
the trouble and discontent experi
enced by the increased employment of
Chinese in the mercantile marine.
Louisville, Ky., Nov. 25. —Many stores
in Louisville discriminate against
their colored patrons. Colored women
cannot get a glass of water nor use
the toilets in certain stores; they can
not fit gloves nor corsets nor hats. But
Crutcher & Starks, Men’s Clothiers, at
Fourth and Jefferson streets, is the
first firm to publicly advertise race
discrimination. In a large advertise
ment in last Sundays Herald they say
a certain proposition is only for "white
To Mr. Lee L. Brow’n goes the
credit of "discovering’’ the obnoxious
feature of the advertisement. He im
mediately called the attention of
other men to it, and they agreed with
him that it was not a matter of whe
ther Crutcher & Starks wanted the
patronage of our people, but that the
principle involved in a public house of
this sort advertising race discrimina
tion was a very serious matter. This
sort of thing is bound to increase race
prejudice; every reader of that "ad”
was affected by it one way or another,
and it is safe to say in the nature of
things that prejudice against our peo
ple was given a certain impetus.
New York, Dec. 4. —Lorrin Andrews,
the delegate from the Hawaiian Ath
letic Association, who is here to at
tend the annual meeting of the Ama
teur Athletic Union of the United
States, stated recently that his asso
ciation is proudly boasting of another
Howard P. Drew. The lad whom he
refers to is a huge study in ebony. His
name is Gilbert, and he is a member
of the Twenty-fifth infantry, sta
tioned at Honolulu.
Andrew’s states that Gilbert is a tall
fellow', with a pair of long, strong legs.
Gilbert, according to Andrews, has
been credited with doing 100 yards in
ten seconds consistently, and on two
other occasions has run the distance
in 9 4-6 seconds.
Andrews also says that athletics is
booming on the islands. Swimming
has more admirers and participants
than any other sport.

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