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THE COLORADO STATESMAN
, LAli on lgfi£ VOL. XXIII. SAYS THE NAVY DE PARTMENT IS NOT FAIR TO COLORED RACE H (The 'Washington Post.) Editor Post: The present serious aspect of German-American affairs, in connection with the fact that just now the national patriotism is being recon secrated through anniversary memo rial services for the dead heroes of the Maine, is pregnant both with fact and suggestion to the thoughtful American mind. Readers of the Post will recall how its columns were made to reflect the attitude of the different groups of our citizens and the personal opinion of the individual on the momentous crisis thrust upon the nation through the dreadful tragedy in Habana har bor nineteen years ago. These letters were eloquently force ful in the expression of a unanimity of loyal purpose and the pledge of a support that knew no reservation. One of the letters embodying this thought in behalf of the colored race, written by this writer, was published in the Post of February 17, 1898. Now, as then, and indeed as was the case in our fii'st great international conflict, when Crispus Attucks gave up his life on Boston Common, the colored man has b.een fatefully in evi dence and has borne with gonceded heroism the part allotted him in de fending the prestige of the flag and protecting the liberties of his country men. In the light of events which have emphasized the colored man’s devo tion to the ideals and* institutions of his country and in spite of a civic status that is manifestly inequitable, it must now be realized that any ques tion of his loyalty can only come from the grossly ignorant or the willfully vicious. What more positive evidence of his anxious readiness for patriotic service than not so long ago was shown in his prompt rally to the colors when the various colored units of the mili tia were fully recruited and ready for service on the border before all others. But if the state is to derive the largest returns of service it can little afford to be invidious in the distribu tion of its work from the standpoint alone of class or caste. * Yet notwithstanding denials by high officials, this is actually the procedure of our great navy department with reference to the enlistment of colored men in that branch of service. At present, and for a long time past, the recruiting of colored men for the navy has been rigorously confined to the servant or mess man branch, and under the present system it is hu manly impossible for a colored man, even though he werew endowed with the genius of Houdini, to break the bands of these restrictions. There is no regulation to this ef fect, and the matter of discrimination is specifically denied, and yet, when not so long ago a number of young and vigorous colored men applied to a seacoast recruiting station for enlist ment, the report of their worth and qualifications was duly sent forward and instructions asked. The fact tha# all of these young men finally elected to choose some other calling than the sea seems significant. Now, is it wise or necessary to pur sue such a policy as has been indi cated? Is our country stronger .or better prepared by restricting this class of its defense material? The heroism of the world has fre quently been symbolize’d and enriched through the worthy performance of some black American. Think of Car rizal, just a few short months ago. Remember, too, that on that fateful morning at Manila Bay many of the shots that carried death and destruc tion to the Spanish fleet were directed by John Jordan, a black gunner, now relegated to the scrapheap through en forced retirement (though only 48) un der a relentless process of elimination of the colored man. The demand is imperative, if our great country is to realize her splen did possibilities, that narrow prejudice be at once and forever swallowed up in that ever-broadening ocean of a real and true democracy. Such a de mocracy as impelled that stalwart and original Democrat, General Jackson, as early as a century ago, to realize the inevitable trend, and in these words call to the colors the colored men or Louisiana: "Through a mis taken policy you have heretofore been deprived of a participation in the glorious struggle for national rights in which our country is engaged. This no longer shall exist.” Then, after the war, with duty done, and nobly, most nobly done, what more compe tent or generous testimony to their worth when he wrote: ‘‘To the men of color, soldiers: From the shores of Mobile I called you to arms. I in cited you to share in the perils and to divide the glory of your white coun trymen. I expected much from you. But you surpass my hopes.” Surely it is not too much to expect that our glorious country will refuse to perpetuate so backward a step as the present system of the navy de partment suggests in regard to the enlistment of colored men, but rather in the spirit reflected in the words of General Jackson more than 100 years ago, let us stimulate a true and pure Americanism that shall know no caste nor favored class. JNO. H. PAYNTER. Decatur, Ala., March 2.—Hon. H. A. Cashin, lawyer and thor ough Race man, spoke here and his hearers were astonished with his deliberations and outspoken truths. Re spoke on the “Negro Migration,” and, unlike the oth er speakers, he told his hearers that one never misses the water till the Well goes dry. 'He told his people to go north, that the white man in the south did not and would not respect them. Thousands shook his hand when he said not to sell your farms and pay money to unscrupulous persons styling themselves as la bor agents, but to go there and see what they could do. Mem bers of the Race were glad to know that they had one member of the Race who would stand up for his own people. -j*>ja j o usti'iAL.J^r^lS^^w} , jvvz:s-r7~ DENVER, COLORADO, SATURDAY, MARCH 10 1917' WILL AFRICANS EVER GOVERN THEMSELVES? Wilson S. Naylor. Will the blacks of Africa ever be self-governing? Possibly the answer may be best approached by indirec tion, # Two thousand years ago the armies of* Rome sent captives home from the island of Britain. "Don’t take one of them,” wrote the great Cicero to his friend Atticus, "they 'are not fit for use.” Today descendants of the an cient Britons have built a government greater in both extent and sound qual ities of government than that of Rome. Five hundred years later a man of wider vision than Cicero, when told that the white slaves from the same island were called Angels, said, "Good, they have faces of angels; and such should be made joint heirs with the angels in heaven.” Thus it happened that Gregory, Pope of Rome, sent Augustine to civilize the Britons. Work like Augustine’s went before and after his time, changed the brutal and degraded, wild and savage Briton into the self-governing ruler of today. The stories of the peoples of Europe and Asia hark back through the cen turies to many of the same customs and practices found in Africa today; human sacrifices, blood revenge, slav ery, polygamy, excessive cruelties in war, infanticide, witchcraft, tribal goV ernment, local gods, a world of shades after this life, crude conceptions of es cape from sin, as by. scapegoats to cock, sacred harvests; these and more show that when passing through sim ilar stages of development peoples of widely different races exhibit similar social, religious and governmental characteristics. The application is apparent. The African is a child yet in his gocart. Give him time; there is a hand that guides. Give him as after the leading strings of civilization are in his hands, as the Briton has had; give him a thousand years, yet five hun dred years, and from all precedent of the rise of all nations, from yie cas sest barbarism, who has reason to say that the African will not run with even pace the race of self-government? Native government in various parts of Africa will compare favorably with the governments of the primitive peo ples of the Anglo-Saxon and Slave lands two thousand five hundred years ago. And where there is a people that within one generation from barbarism had produced men of more solid quali ties than Cowther, born in African bush, rescued from slavery - and edu cated in England, honored with the dpctorate from Oxford University, and ministered to his own people as Bish op of Niger; or Khama, King of the Bechuanas, born in barbarism, con verted to Christianity, who ruled his people with firmness of a Roman and the consideration of a Christian father, or Booker T. Washington, constructive educator, astute financier, wise execu tive and yet—just "up from slavery.” Certainly this is not a categorical answer as to whether the African will ever govern himself, but who could have given a better answer to a sim ilar question concerning any other race at a similar stage of develop ment? If it be asked why progress has gone out into the rest of the world and left Africa* remaining stagnant in barbarism, it needs only to answer that the same question could have been said of the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans in succession, of other peo ples yet .‘in their swaddling clothes, who later came to succeed these once proud civilizations in the leadership of the world. Nor will it patffc muster to say that the African is unimprovable like some aborigines. Thd* Africans show yo signs of becoming a vanishing race, suicide can never be attributed to him. He is industrious when put under the proper stimulus. Native African com merce is one of the marvels of the past century, when the crude facilities and the insignificant inducements of variegated beads and calico are con sidered. The native African is coming to his own through industry, education and religion under the tutelage of the white man, just as every race has risen, slower or faster, through indus try, education and religion. When he will arrive at self-government is a question of time and not of distinctive racial characteristics. The Ve in quire into the habits and customs of our distant Anglo-Saxon ancestry the more we are convinced that most of the Afr:i?en customs and character istics of today are not distinctive, but are simply human, and belong to the low stage of human development.— Voice of Missions. Los Angeles, Cal.—Cleveland Buchanan, a graduate of Tuske gee, has been appointed criminal investigator in the office of the District Attorney of Los Angeles County, California. BOULDER NOTES. The Hann Jubilee Singers appeared to a big crowd and to great advan tage on Monday night at the Empress theater under the auspices of Allen chapel, the church that does big things. Many of the mus(c lovers de clared the concert to be the best of its kind ever given in Boulder. The company was the guests of Rev. and Mrs. A. W. Ward during their stay in the city. A special concert was given for the high school pupils in the afternoon. Miss Ida Harris is able to be around in the house. Mrs. Martha Hall is improved frdhi her attack of rheumatism. Allen chapel with “the co-operation of the Second Baptist church, began a ten days' series of revivalistic meet ings on Wednesday evening. The ser vices of this week are conducted by the local pastor. Rev. A. M. Ward of Denver will speak on Monday and Tuesday nights of the coming week, and Rev. C. A. Williams will speak on Wednesday and Thursday nights. Presiding Elder Pope takes charge on Friday and concludes with the quar terly meeting on Sunday, March 18. Several Denver visitors are expected on that day. Plans are on foot for the building of a new church by the Second Bap tist congregation on their present property. The Mite Missionary Society holds a special program on Sunday after noon at 5 o'clock to raise funds for the National Preachers' Home at Colorado Springs. Mrs. jWalters, the grandmother of the Miases Caves, arrived in Boulder last week from Cripple Creek. She will make her home here. Lee Morrison brought his Denver orchestra to town to fill an engage ment last week. Mr. Fleming spent a few days in the city with his wife and daughter this week. He attended the Hann re cital on Monday. The Mutual Literary Society has postponed meetings for one week on account of revival services at the church. Mrs. Caleb Reeves and Mrs. Janet Ward were hostesses at dinner for the Hann Jubilee Singers on Monday afternoon. < Boulder friends extend kindest sym pathy to Mr. and Mrs. Rivers of The Colorado Statesman, In their recent bereavement. RACE NEWS GATHERED FROM VARIOUS SOURCES Jersey City, N. J., March 2. — Harold A. Coleman, 26 Harmon street, has been promoted to din ing car conductor by the Lehigh Valley Railroad. Tallulah, Ga —J. W. White, who has been writing and lectur ing against the exodus, in order to get the white people’s sym pathy, has told them that he has received letters threatening mob violence. Instead of his people wanting to mob him, as he claims they are not going to hear him speak and are tearing up his lec tures. He has gone"'so far as to write ministers in the South to preach on “Stand Still and See Salvation,” and they have an swered him. They are going to preach on “Bound for the Prom ised Land.” The members of the Baptist Church of which he is pastor are leaving the church because of Rev. White’s stand on the exodus question. Dublin, Ga. That Negroes are being enlisted rapidly in the army of England, in Canada, was the statement of Congress man-elect W. W. Larson, who re turned this morning from a bus iness trip to Canada. “At Wind sor, ” said Judge Larson, “I was surprised to see a large sprink ling of Negro soldiers among the recruits who were being prepar ed for services in Europe. I mentioned it to the man with whom I was transacting business and he told’ me that several hun dred colored troops from the southland had been enlisted re cently at Windsor and would be sent to Europe with the other troops. He told me they were all from my section of the coun try. “To my surprise also, I found them scattered among the white men promiscuously, and not in separate companies. Both whites and blacks seemed to be on good terms with each other and as chummy as soldiers gen erally get. Philadelphia, Pa. —John C. Jor dan, who lives at 1326 South Mole street, this city, was retired re cently from the United States Navy, after thirty years’service, having attained the rank of chief gunner’s mate. He entered the service on June 17, 1887, at Washington, D. C. He complet ed the course at the Gunnery School, Washington, in 1893, and. was the first Negro to do so. Mr. Jordan was on the Olympia, Dewey’s flagship, at the battle' of Manila Bay in 1898, and later zovtrrtiY svsrrYs NO 29. was stationed at the Naval Acad emy, Annapolis, at the naval station, Culebra, Porto Rico, and the League Island naval station at Philadelphia* where he had charge of the rifle range at the time of his retirement. He has been awarded six medals from the government for Fidelity, Zeal and Obedience, and on*his retire ment received a letter from the Navy Department stating that he was a “valuable man in uplifting of the navy” and that “it regrets very much to see you retire from active life in the navy. ” RECREATION FOR NEGROES The offering' of proper recrea tion to young people presents one of the greatest problems in America today, and especially is this true of the Negro race. The Juvenile Protective Asso ciation .of Chicago, after making a study of the colored people, re ported that while they were only one-fortieth of the population, yet one-eighth of the boys and young men, and one-third of the girls and young women confined in the county jail were colored. While there are many influences that help in bringing about this condition, the lack' of proper re creation is the principal factor. Our parents lacked that appre ciation for play which recognizes its powerful influence f6r good. To them it meant valuable time spent away from work, and in dulgence in degrading pastimes. Now, we all realize that work is a privilege, and that work well done, with pride in the doing, is a source of inestimable joy. But all work and no play leads to dullness and discontent.' It is for this reason, primarily, that our young people are leaving the rural districts. With little expense the chil dren in school can be taught var ious kinds of athletic and social games: fplk dances can and should be utilized: track and field meets can be held. May festivals can be arranged where children from various schools can meet for folk dances and drills, and have one day of pleasure and profit on some beautiul lawh. For the great mass who are not in school our t churches could or ganize Sunday-school athletic leagues, dramatic clubs, and reading circles for boys and girls. They could plan and su pervise most of the recreation for our younger brothers and sis ters.